The Latin American Mortality Database (LAMBdA) was originally created to support the empirical study of the history of mortality trends in Latin American countries after independence.  It now supports the study of very recent mortality trends and is particularly suited for the study of old age mortality during the post-WWII period in 19 Latin American countries. The database covers the interval between 1848 and 2014, it includes population censuses, age-specific (five year and single year age groups) total death counts (starting in 1900), and by causes of deaths (starting in 1945).  It contains over 170 years of data including adjusted life tables (about 500 life tables).

Adjustments are of two types: (a) for relative completeness of death counts and (b) for adult age misstatement.  The adjustment procedures were chosen from a battery of 10-12 techniques that proved to be optimal (in the sense of mean squared error reduction) in extensive simulations that reproduced known or suspected sources of errors in the data. These adjustments are applied consistently across countries and years of observation. The resulting data are optimized for inter-temporal and inter-country comparability. Please read the overview and the methods section for more details about the adjustments and the data.


This project was supported by the National Institute on Aging via research project grants (R01 AG016209 [PREHCO], R03 AG015673, R01 AG018016, and MERIT award R37 AG025216), by a Fogarty International Center award for Global Research Training in Population Health (D43 TW001586), and by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD, R24-HD041022). The University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers are supported by core grants to the Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin (R24 HD047873) and to the Center for Demography of Health and Aging, University of Wisconsin (P30 AG017266). The UCLA researcher is grateful to the California Center for Population Research at UCLA (CCPR) for general support. CCPR receives population research infrastructure funding (R24-HD041022) from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

To users (September 21th, 2021)

The data on population and deaths counts as well as life tables created with them included in this web side cover the period 1850-2019. Because of lack of funding the database and website will not be updated any longer. If users find errors in the data or documentation please contact Guido Pinto Aguirre or Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez.


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