Sociology 929. REAL UTOPIAS
Weekly Reading Interrogations & Agendas
Weekly reading assignments for Sociology 929. Real Utopias
Sessions 1 & 2. Utopian Thought and Real Utopias
Erik Olin Wright, "Transforming Capitalism through Real Utopias," American Sociological review, February, 2013
Session 3. Participatory Budgeting
Archon Fung and Erik Olin Wright, Deepening Democracy (Verso: 2003)
Chapter 2. Participation, Activism and Politics: The Porto Alegre Experiment, by Gianpaolo Baiocchi
Gianpaolo Baiocchi and Ernesto Ganuza, "Participatory Budgeting as if Emancipation Mattered", Politics & Society, forthcoming
Session 4. Economic democracy and cooperatives: general theoretical considerations
Tom Malleson. After Occupy: Economic Democracy for the 21st Century (Oxford University Press, forthcoming, 2014), pp.18-93 (especially focus on pp.39-93)
Session 5. Worker Ownership
Trevor Hyman-Young, "Union Cab: Managing Growth and Deepening Democracy in a Worker Cooperative" in Borowiak, C., Dilworth, R., and Reynolds, A. (eds.) Exploring Cooperatives: Economic Democracy and Community Development in Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press.
Trevor Hyman-Young, "Innovation for a Reason: A Theory of Organizational Authority and Innovation" (a paper about Mondragon), paper presented at the 2013 ASA meetings.
Selection from Trevor Hyman-Young, "Organizational Authority and Innovation: Democratic Employee Ownership in the Automated Manufacturing Equipment Industry", PhD dissertation in progress, selections t.b.a.
Billeaux, M., Reynolds, A., Young-Hyman, T., Zayim, A., 2011. "Worker Ownership Case Study: Isthmus Engineering and Manufacturing" U.W. Center for Cooperatives, Case Study Series.
Daphne Perkins Berry and Stu Schneider "Improving the Quality of Home Health Aide Jobs: A Collaboration between Organized Labor and a Worker Cooperative" in Edward J. Carberry (Ed.), Employee Ownership and Shared Capitalism: New Directions and Debates for the
21st Century, LERA Research Volume, 2011.
Matt Hancock, Compete to Cooperate: the cooperative district of Imola (Bacchilega editore, 2007), The Imola Model, pp. 53-93 (only odd-numbered pages)
Joseph R. Blasi and Douglas L. Kruse, "Broad-based Worker Ownership and Profit Sharing: Can These Ideas Work in the Entire Economy?" unpublished manuscript, 2012
Special issue of the magazine Yes! On worker cooperatives: http://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/how-cooperatives-are-driving-the-new-economy
Session 6. Peer-to-peer mutualism
Yochai Benkler, The Wealth of Networks (Yale University Press, 2006). Available for free download at: http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/wealth_of_networks/Download_PDFs_of_the_book. Chapters 1-4, 11-12
Yochai Benkler, "Practical Anarchism", Politics & Society, 41:2, June 2013, pp. 213-251
Session 7. Unconditional Basic Income
Bruce Ackerman, Anne Alstott and Philippe van Parijs, Redesigning Distribution (Verso, 2006)
c.1 Philippe van Parijs, "Basic Income: a simple and powerful idea for the twenty-first century,"3-42
c.4 Erik Olin Wright, "Basic Income, Stakeholder grants, and class Analysis", 91-100
c.7 Barbara Bergman, "A Swedish style Welfare State or Basic Income: which should have priority?"130-142
Choose two other chapters to read:
c.2 Bruce Ackerman and Anne Alstott, "Why Stakeholding?"
c.3 Stuart White, "The Citizen's Stake and Paternalism"
c.5 Carole Pateman, "Democratizing Citizenship"
c.6 Julian Le Grand, "Implementing Stakeholder grants: the British case"
c.8 Irwin Garfinkle, et. al. "The effects of a basic income guarantee on poverty"
c.9 Guy Stading, "CIG, COAG and COG" a comment on a debate."
c.10 Philippe van Parijs, "Basic income versus Stakeholder grants"
c.11 Bruce Ackerman and Anne Alstott, "Macro-Freedom"
Philippe van Parijs, "The Universal Basic Income: why utopian thought matters and how sociologists can contribute to it, "Politics and Society, 41-2, June 2013, pp. 171-182
Erik Olin Wright, "Basic Income as a Socialist Project" (Basic Income Studies, issue #1, 2006)
Session 8. Randomocracy and Policy Juries
John Gastil and Robert Richards, “Making Direct Democracy Deliberative through Random Assemblies”, Politics & Society, 41:2, June, 2013, pp. 253-282
Amy Lang, “But is it For Real? The British Columbia Citizens’ Assembly as a model of state-sponsored citizen empowerment”, Politics & Society, 2007
Harry Brighouse and Erik Olin Wright, “A Proposal to Transform the House of Lords into a Citizens Assembly,” unpublished manuscript, 2006
Session 9. Participatory economics: debate with Robin Hahnel
Robin Hahnel, "A Participatory Economy" Forthcoming in New Left Project (www.newleftproject.org)
Erik Olin Wright, "Thoughts on the Institutions for a Participatory Economy: a dialogue with Robin Hahnel," New Left Project (www.newleftproject.org)
Robin Hahnel, "The Major Point of Contention: response to Erik Olin Wright" New Left Project (www.newleftproject.org)
Session 10. Community Organizing as a Real Utopia
(1) Speer, P. W., & Christens, B. D. (2012). Local community organizing and change: Altering policy in the housing and community development system in Kansas City. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 22(5), 414-427.
The above is a case study of a particular campaign led by an organizing initiative in Kansas City, MO called Communities Creating Opportunity (CCO). It is a multi-issue congregation-based organizing initiative that, in addition to its work on housing and community development, has led a campaign to reform payday lending laws in Missouri. A recent ProPublica piece provides some insight into their opposition in this campaign:
(2) The payday playbook: How high-cost lenders fight to stay legal [http://www.propublica.org/article/how-high-cost-lenders-fight-to-stay-legal]
These CCO examples can provide insight into what community organizing is, and how it works. A third reading, focused on youth organizing, provides some additional insights into how organizing works through two case examples, but also speaks to some of the effects that it has on participants.
(3) Christens, B. D., Collura, J. J., Kopish, M., & Varvodic, M. (2014). Youth organizing for school and neighborhood improvement. In K. L. Patterson & R. Silverman (Eds.), Schools and urban revitalization: Rethinking institutions and community development. (pp. 151-66). New York: Routledge. [attached]
(4) Christens, B. D. (2010). Public relationship building in grassroots community organizing: Relational intervention for individual and systems change. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(7), 886-900.
This is a piece on the relational dynamics and values that undergird many community organizing processes. This hones in on some of the ways that organizing processes challenge cultural norms.
(5) Building bridges, building power: Developments in institution-based community organizing http://www.soc.duke.edu/~brf6/ibcoreport.pdf
This is a piece that will provide background for discussions of the scalability/ feasibility of the field of community organizing. A recent field-scan provides details on the state of the field and the potential, specifically of institution-based community organizing:
Session 11. Environmental Real Utopias: Transition towns Ecovillages, Plenitude
John Urry, Climate change and society (Polity Press, 2011), pp. 122-168
John Barry, The Politics of Actually Existing Unsustainability (Oxford, 2012)
chapter 3, "Resilience, Transition, and Creative Adaptability," pp.78-116
chapter 6, "Green Political Economy II: Solidarity and Sharing", pp. 180-214
Rob Hopkins, The Transition companion (Chelssea Green Publishing, 2011) available at: http://www.transitionnetwork.org/
Session 12. Democratizing Finance
Fred Block, "Democratizing Finance," forthcoming in Politics & Society
Marguerite Mendell and Rocío Nogales, "Solidarity Finance: An Evolving Landscape," Universitas Forum, Vol. 3, No. 2, June 2012
Matt Flannery, "Kiva and the Birth of Person-to-Person Microfinance," Innovations / winter & spring 2007 pp. 31-56
Kevin Lawton and Dan Marom, The Crowd-funding Revolution (McGraw Hill, 2013).
Session 13. Real Utopian Cities: visit by Yves Cabannes
Yves Cabannes, "Urban movements and NGOs: So near, so far," The City (online journal), published June 18, 2013