Sociology 160: Human Sexuality


Fall Semester 2003

First Written Assignment

Second Written Assignment

Like mock apple pie, mock turtlenecks, and the Mock Tortoise from Alice in Wonderland,

we bring you …..


THE 160 Mock Final Exam!!!!!

(answers are below Sociological terms)


1.            According the film on reproductive technologies, how often is in vitro fertilization successful (lecture)?

               a.  More than half of the time.

               b.  Less than half of the time

               c.  Nearly every time

               d.  Very rarely

               e.  There is insufficient data available to make such a determination.


2.            Advantages of combination birth control pills include:  (H&D)

               a.  Protection against sexually transmitted diseases

               b.  Nearly 100% effectiveness if used properly

               c.  Safety with women over 35 who are cigarette smokers

               d.  All of the above

               e.  None of the above


3.            The article “Condom Use of Heterosexual African American and Hispanic Youth” discussed three categories of sexual behavior.  Which of the following WAS NOT one of them (D&M)?

               a.  Long-term Monogamous

               b.  Serial  Monogamous

               c.  Non-Monogamous

               d.  Relative Monogarmous

               e.  Actually, there were four categories.  All of the above are correct.


4.            During which trimester of pregnancy is psychological well-being the greatest (lecture)?

               a.  First

               b.  Second

               c.  Third

               d.  Fourth.  And no, I don’t know what trimester means.


5-8.         Please rank the following in the order from MOST to LEAST effective (using either typical or perfect use as a measure will yield the same order).  (H&D, lecture)


                              Male condom

                              Depo Provera

                              Legal 1st Trimester Abortion



9.            Prostitutes’ well-being depends on which of the following (H&D)?

               a.  The risk level of the setting in which she works.

               b.  The reasons she entered prostitution

               c.  Whether she experienced victimization as a child or adolescent.

               d.  All of the above.

               e.  Prostitutes are victims who can’t be considered happy.


10.           A house of prostitution where prostitutes and customers meet for sexual activity is called a                  .


11.           A young prostitute, generally 16 years of age or younger is called a                      .


12.           About                      percent of clients of female prostitutes are repeat clients


13.           Which of the following is NOT outlined as a theoretical view of the nature of rape (H&D)?

               a.  Victim-precipitated

               b.  Psychopathology of rapists

               c.  Feminist

               d.  Social disorganization

               e.  Freudian


14.           What type(s) of offenders did we talk about in relation to adults who have sexual contact with children (lecture)?

               a.  Regressed

               b.  Active

               c.  Fixated

               d.  All of the above

               e.  Both (A) and (C)


15.           Data from surveys indicates that                            incidents of incest are voluntary (lecture).

               a.  No

               b.  Few

               c.  Half the

               d.  Most

               e.  There are no reliable studies of incest


16.           According to the discussion in lecture, what predisposes men to engage in aggressive behavior?

               a.  Rape Myths

               b.  Past behavior

               c.  Hostility toward women

               d.  All of the above

               e.  Both (A) and (C)


17.           The purpose of Behavior Therapy is:

               a.  To avoid having to use potentially harmful Anti-androgens (like CPA)

               b.  To relax subjects

               c.  New Learning

               d.  To help subjects delineate between “good” and “bad” behavior        

               e.  None of the Above


18.           In “Sexual Aggression Among Asian Americans” (Chapter 36 of D&M), which of the following was/were mentioned as protective factors against aggression in Asian-American culture?

               a.  The stereotype that Asian men are asexual keeps them from being accused of committing sexual assault.

               b.  The perceived vulnerability of Asian-American women makes their strong communities want to protect them.

               c.  The fact that Asian cultures are collectivist means that empathy tends to be more common.           

               d.  Both (A) and (B)

               e.  All of the Above


19.           World-wide, which region has the hightest number of HIV/AIDS cases (lecture)?

               a.  South America

               b.  Sub-Saharan Africa

               c.  North America

               d.  Southeast Asia including Thailand

               e.  Europe


20.           According to lecture, in order for a diagnosis of Aids, a person must have

               a.  HIV plus one or more of 23 conditions

               b.  HIV plus a CD4+ count of less than 200 cells/mm3

                    c.  Karposi’s sarcoma and pneumonia

               d.  HIV plus one of 23 conditions and a CD4+ count of less than 200 cells/mm3

                    e.  Karposi’s sarcoma, pneumonia, and one of 21 other conditions


21.           According to the textbook and lecture, most cases of male erectile disorder are:

               a.  Primary

               b.  Tertiary

               c.  Secondary

               d.  just male whining

               e.  the fault of shrewish women



Sociological Terms

(know these for your exams!)



A stereotype is a one-sided, exaggerated and often prejudicial view of a group, tribe or class of people, and is usually associated with racism and sexism. Stereotypes are often resistant to change even in the face of contradictory evidence in part because they create a sense of solidarity among privileged groups.



To unconsciously accept or assimilate the attitudes and behavior of one’s culture or peer group.  Example: A woman who believes that women are intellectually inferior to men might be said to have internalized the sexist attitudes of the dominant culture.



Hegemony is a concept referring to a particular form of dominance that is legitimated by the acceptance, if not outright support, of all groups.  The authority of the dominant group is not simply a matter of coercion or force; instead everyone in that particular social world is complicit in supporting the dominant class.  Unlike dominance where power is held through force (ex. arresting people who speak out against a government) hegemony refers to the creation of ideas, attitudes, or “knowledge” that make the dominant group’s position of power seem reasonable, fair, and natural to everyone. *see Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks (1935)



Sociologists use this term to describe the process whereby people learn to conform to social norms, a process that makes the continuation of societies possible and allows for the transmission of culture across generations. Socialization may work in two ways (1) As the internalization of social norms. Social rules feel “natural” to the individual (i.e.-the individual does not feel forced to comply but rather may follow social norms unconsciously, thinking of them as part of his or her own desires and personality.) (2) Following social rules may be something individuals consciously choose to do to gain acceptance and status in the eyes of others.



This is a doctrine which suggests that women are systematically disadvantaged in modern society and which advocates equal opportunities for men and women. This idea has had a great and deserved influence in sociology in recent years. Feminist sociologists have argued that conventional sociologists have neglected the significance of women in all areas of the subject. For example, many studies of social stratification have defined a family’s class position based on the wages of the male “head of household”—this ignores that fact that women make economic contributions to their families from work both inside and outside the home.  It also assumes that women have equal access to the wages their husbands earn. 


Social Psychology


A branch of psychology that concentrates on aspects of human behavior that involve persons and their relationships to other persons, groups, social institutions and to society as a whole. *The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology


Social Constructionism


A way in which what we perceive as 'knowledge' and 'reality' are actually partially formed through cultural values and social relations.  An example of the social construction of knowledge is the transformation of PMS (pre-menstrual syndrome) from a natural process into an abnormal  disease” requiring treatment with drugs and medical intervention. (See lecture, September 15, 2003)  


An institution is an enduring set of ideas about how to accomplish goals generally recognized as important in a society.  Most societies have family, religious, economic, educational, healing, and political institutions that define the core of its way of life.  Like most aspects of social life, institutions are experienced as external to the individuals who participate in them; but they are also shaped and changed by that participation.  For example, the family in the United States is still defined institutionally in terms of the nuclear family (a heterosexual, married couple with children), but as single-parent families grow rapidly in number and lesbians and gays demand social recognition for marriages and parenthood, it is inevitable that the institution itself will change, however slowly. *The Blackwell Dictionary of Sociology

Social Structure


The patterned and relatively stable arrangement of roles and statuses found within societies and social institutions. The idea of social structure points out the way in which societies, and institutions within them, exhibit predictable patterns of organization, activity and social interaction. This relative stability of organization and behavior provides the predictability that people rely on in every day social interaction. Social structures are inseparable from cultural norms and values that also shape status and social interaction.


A culturally established rule prescribing appropriate social behavior. Norms are relatively specific and precise and elaborate the detailed behavioral requirements that flow from more general and overarching social values. For example, it is a value in Western society that one should respect the dead, it is a norm that one should dress in dark colors for a funeral.



“A general knowledge framework a person has about a given topic, e.g., a gender schema  Schemas shape and guide our perceptions, but may also distort them as information that doesn’t “fit” with our assumptions is often ignored (p. 675). *Understanding Human Sexuality




“What we have learned to be appropriate sequences of behavior” (p. 675).*Understanding Human Sexuality



Warning! Here’s your mock exam (3) answers! J


These are the answers!!!

1.            b

2.            b

3.            a

4.            b

5-8          legal 1st trimester abortion, Depo Provera, Male Condom, Diaphragm

9.            d

10.           brothel, in-call service, bordello

11.           baby pro

12.           50 percent

12.           e

14.           e

15.           d

16.           e

17.           c

18.           c

19.           b

20.           d

21.           c


Yay!  Remember to study the sociological terms sheet.  As always, it is fair game.