Bruce E. Hansen and Jeffrey Racine

"Jackknife Model Averaging"

Journal of Econometrics, (2012)

July 2007

Revised: October 2010


We consider the problem of obtaining appropriate weights for averaging approximate (misspecified) models for improved estimation of an unknown conditional mean in the face of model uncertainty in heteroskedastic error settings. We propose a "jackknife model averaging" (JMA) estimator which selects the weights by minimizing a cross-validation criterion. This criterion is quadratic in the weights, so computation of the weights is a simple application of quadratic programming. We show that our estimator is asymptotically optimal in the sense of achieving the lowest possible expected squared error. Monte Carlo simulations and an illustrative application show that JMA can achieve significant efficiency gains over existing model selection and averaging methods in the presence of heteroskedasticity.

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Some of the above material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. SES-9022176, SES-9120576, SBR-9412339, and SBR-9807111. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the views of the NSF.