WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Mail: Depression

nu001rec                  Summary score for psychological distress/
                          depression (CESDi).

nu002re                   Number of psychological distress/
                          depression questions answered.

nu003rer-nu022rer         Psychological distress/depression items.

nu023rec                  Summary score for anxiety symptoms and
                          beliefs.

nu024re                   Number of anxiety symptoms and beliefs
                          items answered.

nu025rer-nu032rer         Anxiety symptoms and beliefs items.

nua33rec                  Speilberger anxiety index (sum of items).

nub33rec                  Number of anxiety  items answered.

nua34rec                  Speilberger anger index (sum of items).

nub34rec                  Number of anger items answered.

nu035rer-nu054rer         Anxiety and anger items.

nu001rec: Summary score for psychological distress/depression - modified CES-D.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40a, 40b, 40c 40d, 40e, 40f, 40g, 40h, 40i, 40j, 40k, 40l, 40m, 40n, 40o, 40p, 40q, 40r, 40s, 40t, MU001REC
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (MU002RE < 10) 50 38 88
0 LOWEST 122 81 203
1 - 135 LEVEL OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS/DEPRESSION 1729 2041 3770
136 HIGHEST 1 0 1
Note: See nu003rer, nu004rer, nu005rer, nu006rer, nu007rer, nu008rer,
nu009rer, nu010rer, nu011rer, nu012rer, nu013rer, nu014rer, nu015rer,
nu016rer, nu017rer, nu018rer, nu019rer, nu020rer, nu021rer, nu022rer.

Additional CES-D items can be found in the 1993-94 WLS
Sibling Phone Instrument. See items SU002RE-SU020RE.

A sum was computed if at least ten items of the scale were
answered. The level of psychologcial distress/depression can range
from 0 (the lowest possible) to 140 (the highest possible). See
NU002RE for the number of valid responses in NU001REC.

nu002re: Number of psychological distress/depression - modified CES-D answered.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40a, 40b, 40c 40d, 40e, 40f, 40g, 40h, 40i, 40j, 40k, 40l, 40m, 40n, 40o, 40p, 40q, 40r, 40s, 40t, MU002RE
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
0 NO CES-D ITEMS ANSWERED 48 35 83
1 - 9 ONE TO NINE CESDI ITEMS ANSWERED 2 3 5
10 - 20 TEN TO TWENTY CESDI ITEMS ANSWERED 1852 2122 3974
Note: See nu003rer, nu004rer, nu005rer, nu006rer, nu007rer, nu008rer,
nu009rer, nu010rer, nu011rer, nu012rer, nu013rer, nu014rer, nu015rer,
nu016rer, nu017rer, nu018rer, nu019rer, nu020rer, nu021rer, nu022rer.

See Appendix G for references on evaluation of CESDi.

nu003rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel you could not shake off the blues even with help from your family and friends?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: scn5, 40a, MU003RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 48 21 69
0 Zero Days 1523 1619 3142
1 One Day 183 280 463
2 Two Days 69 101 170
3 Three Days 31 69 100
4 Four Days 16 27 43
5 Five Days 10 25 35
6 Six Days 5 6 11
7 Seven Days 17 12 29

nu004rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel bothered by things that usually don't bother you?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40b, MU004RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 47 28 75
0 Zero Days 1267 1343 2610
1 One Day 393 472 865
2 Two Days 119 197 316
3 Three Days 38 68 106
4 Four Days 15 20 35
5 Five Days 9 21 30
6 Six Days 4 9 13
7 Seven Days 10 2 12

nu005rer: On how many days during the past week did you think your life had been a failure?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40c, MU005RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 51 33 84
0 Zero Days 1580 1797 3377
1 One Day 161 185 346
2 Two Days 50 61 111
3 Three Days 22 35 57
4 Four Days 12 16 28
5 Five Days 6 16 22
6 Six Days 4 3 7
7 Seven Days 16 14 30

nu006rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel happy?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40d, MU006RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 59 51 110
0 Zero Days 64 53 117
1 One Day 40 47 87
2 Two Days 77 78 155
3 Three Days 133 142 275
4 Four Days 202 187 389
5 Five Days 317 395 712
6 Six Days 334 443 777
7 Seven Days 676 764 1440
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU001REC.

nu007rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel that people were unfriendly?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40e, MU007RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 54 45 99
0 Zero Days 1081 1269 2350
1 One Day 437 523 960
2 Two Days 188 169 357
3 Three Days 64 68 132
4 Four Days 30 29 59
5 Five Days 23 23 46
6 Six Days 11 23 34
7 Seven Days 14 11 25

nu008rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel lonely?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40f, MU008RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 51 40 91
0 Zero Days 1305 1306 2611
1 One Day 265 366 631
2 Two Days 119 168 287
3 Three Days 58 115 173
4 Four Days 32 53 85
5 Five Days 28 35 63
6 Six Days 12 29 41
7 Seven Days 32 48 80

nu009rer: On how many days during the past week did you enjoy life?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40g, MU009RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 55 47 102
0 Zero Days 85 56 141
1 One Day 31 46 77
2 Two Days 61 73 134
3 Three Days 98 108 206
4 Four Days 103 142 245
5 Five Days 201 248 449
6 Six Days 258 328 586
7 Seven Days 1010 1112 2122
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU001REC.

nu010rer: On how many days during the past week did you have crying spells?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40h, MU010RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 48 33 81
0 Zero Days 1785 1767 3552
1 One Day 42 223 265
2 Two Days 7 65 72
3 Three Days 5 30 35
4 Four Days 2 12 14
5 Five Days 2 11 13
6 Six Days 1 8 9
7 Seven Days 10 11 21

nu011rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel that people disliked you?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40i, MU011RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 51 29 80
0 Zero Days 1394 1591 2985
1 One Day 296 334 630
2 Two Days 92 122 214
3 Three Days 26 40 66
4 Four Days 12 11 23
5 Five Days 10 13 23
6 Six Days 5 9 14
7 Seven Days 16 11 27

nu012rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel sad?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40j, MU012RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 49 33 82
0 Zero Days 1145 998 2143
1 One Day 410 633 1043
2 Two Days 165 231 396
3 Three Days 57 116 173
4 Four Days 20 47 67
5 Five Days 18 38 56
6 Six Days 10 24 34
7 Seven Days 28 40 68

nu013rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40k, MU013RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 53 29 82
0 Zero Days 1283 1329 2612
1 One Day 311 434 745
2 Two Days 136 165 301
3 Three Days 44 85 129
4 Four Days 26 38 64
5 Five Days 18 32 50
6 Six Days 6 10 16
7 Seven Days 25 38 63

nu014rer: On how many days during the past week did you have trouble keeping your mind on what you were doing?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40l, MU014RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 46 29 75
0 Zero Days 1081 1080 2161
1 One Day 400 531 931
2 Two Days 213 273 486
3 Three Days 71 120 191
4 Four Days 28 52 80
5 Five Days 27 29 56
6 Six Days 10 14 24
7 Seven Days 26 32 58

nu015rer: On how many days during the past week did you not feel like eating, your appetite was poor?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40m, MU015RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 51 25 76
0 Zero Days 1600 1767 3367
1 One Day 137 169 306
2 Two Days 44 83 127
3 Three Days 25 59 84
4 Four Days 13 17 30
5 Five Days 8 13 21
6 Six Days 8 6 14
7 Seven Days 16 21 37

nu016rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel you were just as good as other people?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40n, MU016RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 63 45 108
0 Zero Days 184 229 413
1 One Day 41 48 89
2 Two Days 36 65 101
3 Three Days 50 81 131
4 Four Days 83 108 191
5 Five Days 116 169 285
6 Six Days 179 243 422
7 Seven Days 1150 1172 2322
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU001REC.

nu017rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel everything you did was an effort?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40o, MU017RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 48 42 90
0 Zero Days 1082 1128 2210
1 One Day 337 483 820
2 Two Days 189 213 402
3 Three Days 70 110 180
4 Four Days 48 59 107
5 Five Days 43 44 87
6 Six Days 16 28 44
7 Seven Days 69 53 122

nu018rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel hopeful about the future?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40p, MU018RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 56 57 113
0 Zero Days 160 190 350
1 One Day 59 83 142
2 Two Days 98 109 207
3 Three Days 121 133 254
4 Four Days 127 151 278
5 Five Days 226 238 464
6 Six Days 215 323 538
7 Seven Days 840 876 1716
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU001REC.

nu019rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel fearful?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40q, MU019RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 53 39 92
0 Zero Days 1384 1363 2747
1 One Day 248 383 631
2 Two Days 90 168 258
3 Three Days 47 79 126
4 Four Days 30 35 65
5 Five Days 16 38 54
6 Six Days 7 17 24
7 Seven Days 27 38 65

nu020rer: On how many days during the past week did you sleep restlessly?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40r, MU020RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 53 32 85
0 Zero Days 923 935 1858
1 One Day 385 423 808
2 Two Days 219 304 523
3 Three Days 125 153 278
4 Four Days 62 92 154
5 Five Days 53 74 127
6 Six Days 18 46 64
7 Seven Days 64 101 165

nu021rer: On how many days during the past week did you talk less than usual?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40s, MU021RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 50 43 93
0 Zero Days 1171 1220 2391
1 One Day 395 506 901
2 Two Days 176 233 409
3 Three Days 54 85 139
4 Four Days 28 29 57
5 Five Days 14 25 39
6 Six Days 4 9 13
7 Seven Days 10 10 20

nu022rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel you could not get going?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40t, MU022RER
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 47 34 81
0 Zero Days 1074 1029 2103
1 One Day 427 539 966
2 Two Days 213 287 500
3 Three Days 71 142 213
4 Four Days 25 53 78
5 Five Days 15 30 45
6 Six Days 7 21 28
7 Seven Days 23 25 48
Note: All of the items 40u-40bb were selected from the Anxiety
Symptoms and Beliefs Scale.

nu023rec: Summary score for anxiety symptoms and beliefs scale.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40u, 40v, 40w, 40x, 40y, 40z, 40aa, 40bb
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (NU024RE<4,=9) INCLUDES ALL 23 GRADUATES 50 40 90
0 LOWEST 1331 1142 2473
1 - 55 LEVEL OF ANXIETY SYMPTOMS & BELIEFS 520 976 1496
56 HIGHEST 1 2 3
Note: See nu025rer, nu026rer, nu027rer, nu028rer, nu029rer, nu030rer,
nu031rer, nu032rer.

NU023REC is coded with a sum if at least four of the eight items (40u,
40v,40w,40x,40y,40z,40aa,40bb) received a valid response. The level of
anxiety symptoms & beliefs can range from 0 (the lowest possible) to
56 (the highest possible). See NU024RE for the number of valid
responses in the sum.

nu024re: Number of anxiety symptoms and beliefs questions answered.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40u, 40v, 40w, 40x, 40y, 40z, 40aa, 40bb
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED, INCLUDES ALL 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS 7 16 23
0 NO ANXIETY SYMPTOMS & BELIEFS ITEMS ANSWERED 42 21 63
1 - 3 ONE TO THREE ITEMS ANSWERED 1 3 4
4 - 8 FOUR TO EIGHT ITEMS ANSWERED 1852 2120 3972
Note: See nu025rer, nu026rer, nu027rer, nu028rer, nu029rer, nu030rer,
nu031rer, nu032rer.

nu025rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel you might collapse?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40u
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 50 44 94
0 Zero Days 1757 1941 3698
1 One Day 54 98 152
2 Two Days 15 41 56
3 Three Days 4 14 18
4 Four Days 6 7 13
5 Five Days 2 3 5
6 Six Days 2 3 5
7 Seven Days 12 9 21

nu026rer: On how many days during the past week did you have difficulty swallowing?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40v
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 49 40 89
0 Zero Days 1793 2024 3817
1 One Day 26 43 69
2 Two Days 10 19 29
3 Three Days 7 14 21
4 Four Days 4 1 5
5 Five Days 1 3 4
6 Six Days 1 6 7
7 Seven Days 11 10 21

nu027rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel you might die?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40w
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 49 41 90
0 Zero Days 1757 2010 3767
1 One Day 57 64 121
2 Two Days 17 14 31
3 Three Days 4 12 16
4 Four Days 5 7 12
5 Five Days 3 3 6
6 Six Days 1 1 2
7 Seven Days 9 8 17

nu028rer: On how many days during the past week did you think you might be going crazy?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40x
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 53 44 97
0 Zero Days 1783 1991 3774
1 One Day 40 73 113
2 Two Days 10 22 32
3 Three Days 3 16 19
4 Four Days 2 4 6
5 Five Days 0 4 4
6 Six Days 2 0 2
7 Seven Days 9 6 15

nu029rer: On how many days during the past week did you fear embarrassing yourself?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40y
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 52 45 97
0 Zero Days 1556 1769 3325
1 One Day 187 226 413
2 Two Days 58 68 126
3 Three Days 15 23 38
4 Four Days 14 9 23
5 Five Days 6 12 18
6 Six Days 6 0 6
7 Seven Days 8 8 16

nu030rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel as though your surroundings were unreal?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40z
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 53 42 95
0 Zero Days 1772 2045 3817
1 One Day 43 35 78
2 Two Days 12 19 31
3 Three Days 6 5 11
4 Four Days 5 3 8
5 Five Days 2 3 5
6 Six Days 3 1 4
7 Seven Days 6 7 13

nu031rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel that other people thought you were a fool?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40aa
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 53 42 95
0 Zero Days 1647 1923 3570
1 One Day 142 123 265
2 Two Days 33 35 68
3 Three Days 10 18 28
4 Four Days 5 4 9
5 Five Days 3 6 9
6 Six Days 2 4 6
7 Seven Days 7 5 12

nu032rer: On how many days during the past week did you have hot/cold flashes?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 40bb
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 60 44 104
0 Zero Days 1773 1538 3311
1 One Day 35 180 215
2 Two Days 12 121 133
3 Three Days 5 82 87
4 Four Days 4 45 49
5 Five Days 5 40 45
6 Six Days 3 18 21
7 Seven Days 5 92 97

nua33rec: Summary score for Speilberger anxiety index.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43a, 43c, 43e, 43g, 43i, 43k, 43m, 43o, 43q, 43s
Revisions: Updated 1/99, 11/02     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (NUB34REC<5), INCLUDES ALL 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS 44 63 107
0 LOWEST 246 129 375
1 - 69 LEVEL OF ANXIETY 1609 1965 3574
70 HIGHEST 3 3 6
Note: See nu035rer, nu037rer, nu039rer, nu041rer, nu043rer, nu045rer,
nu047rer, nu049rer, nu051rer, nu053rer.

Prior to the November 2002 update, items from the Speilberger
anxiety and anger indices were improperly combined into
one 'hostility' index. Question names for NU033REC and NU034RE
have been changed to allow for 2 indices.

These questions were not asked of the original sample members.

NUA33REC is coded with a sum if at least five of the ten items (43a,
43c,43e,43g,43i,43k,43m,43o,43q,43s) received a valid response. The
level of anxiety can range from 0 (the lowest possible) to 70 (the
highest possible). See NUB33REC for the number of items with valid
response.

nub33rec: Number of Speilberger anxiety items answered.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43a, 43c, 43e, 43g, 43i, 43k, 43m, 43o, 43q, 43s
Revisions: Updated 1/99, 11/02     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED / REFUSED, INCLUDES ALL 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS 7 16 23
0 NO ITEMS ANSWERED 30 39 69
1 - 4 1 TO 4 ITEMS ANSWERED 7 8 15
5 - 10 5 TO 10 ITEMS ANSWERED 1858 2097 3955
Note: See nu035rer, nu037rer, nu039rer, nu041rer, nu043rer, nu045rer,
nu047rer, nu049rer, nu051rer, nu053rer.

nua34rec: Summary score for Speilberger anger index.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43b, 43d, 43f, 43h, 43j, 43l, 43n, 43p, 43r, 43t
Revisions: Updated 1/99, 11/02     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (NU034RE<5), INCLUDES ALL 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS 43 60 103
0 LOWEST 319 324 643
1 - 69 LEVEL OF HOSTILITY 1539 1776 3315
70 HIGHEST 1 0 1
Note: See nu036rer, nu038rer, nu040rer, nu042rer, nu044rer, nu046rer,
nu048rer, nu050rer, nu052rer, nu054rer.

These questions were not asked of the original sample members.

Prior to the November 2002 update, items from the Speilberger anxiety
and anger indices were improperly combined into one "hostility" index.
Question names for NU033REC and NU034RE have been changed to allow for
2 indices; and column locations of NU035RER through NU054RER have been
changed to allow for the inclusion of the additional variables.

NUA34REC is coded with a sum if at least five of the ten items (43b,
43d,43f,43h,43j,43l,43n,43p,43r,43t) received a valid response. The
level of anger can range from 0 (the lowest possible) to 70 (the
highest possible). See NUB34REC for the number of items with valid
response.

nub34rec: Number of Speilberger anger items answered.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43b, 43d, 43f, 43h, 43j, 43l, 43n, 43p, 43r, 43t
Revisions: Updated 1/99, 11/02     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED / REFUSED, INCLUDES ALL 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS 7 16 23
0 NO ITEMS ANSWERED 34 39 73
1 - 4 1 TO 4 ITEMS ANSWERED 2 5 7
5 - 10 5 TO 10 ITEMS ANSWERED 1859 2100 3959
Note: See nu036rer, nu038rer, nu040rer, nu042rer, nu044rer, nu046rer,
nu048rer, nu050rer, nu052rer, nu054rer.

Items NU035RER-NU054RER were taken from NSFH2. Please see
Appendix G for details.

nu035rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel calm ?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: scn9, 43a
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 46 69 115
0 Zero Days 46 47 93
1 One Day 41 41 82
2 Two Days 84 108 192
3 Three Days 122 136 258
4 Four Days 148 217 365
5 Five Days 280 409 689
6 Six Days 287 424 711
7 Seven Days 848 709 1557
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU033REC.

nu036rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel furious?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43b
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 45 74 119
0 Zero Days 1210 1277 2487
1 One Day 429 519 948
2 Two Days 126 174 300
3 Three Days 34 52 86
4 Four Days 20 31 51
5 Five Days 18 16 34
6 Six Days 5 8 13
7 Seven Days 15 9 24

nu037rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel tense?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43c
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 48 76 124
0 Zero Days 657 491 1148
1 One Day 489 608 1097
2 Two Days 337 434 771
3 Three Days 165 243 408
4 Four Days 95 115 210
5 Five Days 70 100 170
6 Six Days 12 36 48
7 Seven Days 29 57 86

nu038rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel like banging on the table?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43d
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 63 92 155
0 Zero Days 1373 1592 2965
1 One Day 290 277 567
2 Two Days 94 103 197
3 Three Days 40 40 80
4 Four Days 14 18 32
5 Five Days 16 23 39
6 Six Days 3 5 8
7 Seven Days 9 10 19

nu039rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel at ease?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43e
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 60 109 169
0 Zero Days 72 86 158
1 One Day 41 71 112
2 Two Days 92 128 220
3 Three Days 98 124 222
4 Four Days 143 182 325
5 Five Days 272 363 635
6 Six Days 320 419 739
7 Seven Days 804 678 1482
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU033REC.

nu040rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel angry?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43f
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 52 84 136
0 Zero Days 751 759 1510
1 One Day 654 767 1421
2 Two Days 243 317 560
3 Three Days 97 116 213
4 Four Days 42 44 86
5 Five Days 29 36 65
6 Six Days 10 18 28
7 Seven Days 24 19 43

nu041rer: On how many days during the past week did you worry over possible misfortune?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43g
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 48 70 118
0 Zero Days 1161 1203 2364
1 One Day 338 428 766
2 Two Days 160 171 331
3 Three Days 92 99 191
4 Four Days 31 71 102
5 Five Days 32 53 85
6 Six Days 11 19 30
7 Seven Days 29 46 75

nu042rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel like yelling at somebody?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43h
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 47 73 120
0 Zero Days 955 997 1952
1 One Day 517 588 1105
2 Two Days 201 252 453
3 Three Days 90 120 210
4 Four Days 39 51 90
5 Five Days 28 40 68
6 Six Days 8 11 19
7 Seven Days 17 28 45

nu043rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel nervous?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43i
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 47 71 118
0 Zero Days 967 840 1807
1 One Day 418 501 919
2 Two Days 218 317 535
3 Three Days 105 197 302
4 Four Days 68 95 163
5 Five Days 39 69 108
6 Six Days 11 21 32
7 Seven Days 29 49 78

nu044rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel like breaking things?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43j
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 45 68 113
0 Zero Days 1705 1938 3643
1 One Day 91 98 189
2 Two Days 36 30 66
3 Three Days 11 12 23
4 Four Days 2 4 6
5 Five Days 6 4 10
6 Six Days 2 3 5
7 Seven Days 4 3 7

nu045rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel jittery?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43k
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 48 75 123
0 Zero Days 1360 1444 2804
1 One Day 239 295 534
2 Two Days 137 172 309
3 Three Days 55 79 134
4 Four Days 19 31 50
5 Five Days 23 25 48
6 Six Days 3 17 20
7 Seven Days 18 22 40

nu046rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel mad?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43l
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 53 95 148
0 Zero Days 919 1017 1936
1 One Day 537 585 1122
2 Two Days 214 254 468
3 Three Days 98 106 204
4 Four Days 23 43 66
5 Five Days 28 28 56
6 Six Days 7 14 21
7 Seven Days 23 18 41

nu047rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel relaxed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43m
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 56 113 169
0 Zero Days 66 81 147
1 One Day 44 78 122
2 Two Days 128 130 258
3 Three Days 127 173 300
4 Four Days 160 232 392
5 Five Days 287 389 676
6 Six Days 331 420 751
7 Seven Days 703 544 1247
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU033REC.

nu048rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel irritated?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43n
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 54 89 143
0 Zero Days 592 582 1174
1 One Day 633 749 1382
2 Two Days 338 351 689
3 Three Days 132 202 334
4 Four Days 62 75 137
5 Five Days 41 58 99
6 Six Days 15 22 37
7 Seven Days 35 32 67

nu049rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel worried?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43o
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 54 86 140
0 Zero Days 826 667 1493
1 One Day 469 558 1027
2 Two Days 269 327 596
3 Three Days 137 212 349
4 Four Days 52 103 155
5 Five Days 43 86 129
6 Six Days 10 42 52
7 Seven Days 42 79 121

nu050rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel like hitting someone?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43p
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 83 100 183
0 Zero Days 1682 1893 3575
1 One Day 88 99 187
2 Two Days 18 29 47
3 Three Days 8 15 23
4 Four Days 6 9 15
5 Five Days 4 9 13
6 Six Days 4 1 5
7 Seven Days 9 5 14

nu051rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel steady?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43q
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (includes 23 GRADUATES who are also sibs) 104 148 252
0 Zero Days 132 194 326
1 One Day 31 70 101
2 Two Days 78 101 179
3 Three Days 114 117 231
4 Four Days 158 189 347
5 Five Days 233 310 543
6 Six Days 262 336 598
7 Seven Days 790 695 1485
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - NU033REC.

nu052rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel burned up?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43r
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 54 84 138
0 Zero Days 1281 1476 2757
1 One Day 285 295 580
2 Two Days 132 134 266
3 Three Days 55 73 128
4 Four Days 33 40 73
5 Five Days 35 28 63
6 Six Days 12 7 19
7 Seven Days 15 23 38

nu053rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel frightened?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43s
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 46 76 122
0 Zero Days 1593 1606 3199
1 One Day 158 239 397
2 Two Days 46 116 162
3 Three Days 26 41 67
4 Four Days 9 26 35
5 Five Days 10 17 27
6 Six Days 4 10 14
7 Seven Days 10 29 39

nu054rer: On how many days during the past week did you feel like swearing?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: mail
Source variables: 43t
Revisions: Updated 1/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2535 2181 4716
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED (INCLUDES 23 GRADUATES WHO ARE ALSO SIBS) 45 67 112
0 Zero Days 782 1106 1888
1 One Day 382 395 777
2 Two Days 266 221 487
3 Three Days 160 136 296
4 Four Days 81 76 157
5 Five Days 55 66 121
6 Six Days 18 17 35
7 Seven Days 113 76 189

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