WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Depression and Alcohol Summary

su001re                Random sample selection.

su002re-su012rec       Ever depressed, age, symptoms. 

su013re                Count of depression episodes lasting two weeks
                       or more.

su014re-su015re        Length of depression episode for respondents
                       who had ONLY ONE episode.

su016re-su019re        Average duration and average time between 
                       episodes for respondents who had more than
                       one depression episode.

su020re-su021re        Age at first and last episodes of depression.

su022re-su023re        Psychological well-being between depression
                       episodes.

su024re                Count of depression symptoms.
     
su025re-su029re        Consumption of alcoholic beverages / number of
                       days per month/ average number of drinks.
     
su030re-su036re        Drinking problems/ alcoholic symptoms.
     
su037re-su038re        Did respondent ever live with a drinker or 
                       alcoholic?

NOTE:     See Appendix M - MEMO114 and COR571A for references and 
          creation of CES-D depression and alcohol symptom scales.

su001re: Respondent is in 80% random sample for Depression and Alcohol sections.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: RN15, RU001RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
0 RESPONDENT NOT IN 80% SAMPLE 452 514 966
1 RESPONDENT IS IN 80% SAMPLE 1872 1966 3838

su002re: Have you ever had a time in life lasting two weeks or more when nearly every day you felt sad, blue, depressed, or when you lost interest in most things like work, hobbies, or things you usually liked to do for fun?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 866f, RU002RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 52 36 88
-2 452 514 966
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 5 8
1 YES 384 582 966
2 NO 1433 1343 2776

su003re: Were your experience with depression always caused by alcohol, drugs, medications, or physical illness?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 866m, RU003RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 1940 1898 3838
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 4 9
1 YES 119 169 288
2 SOMETIMES 25 35 60
3 NO 235 373 608
Note: If response to SU003RE is "yes", then no further questions about
depression are asked.

su004re: What age were you when you experienced the worst, particularly bad, or the most recent period of depression?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 868, 868m, 868s, RU004RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 2 5
6 - 31 58 82 140
32 - 40 55 106 161
41 - 46 60 91 151
47 - 53 57 81 138
54 - 75 31 50 81
Note: The respondent is first asked to indicate his/her age during
worst period of depression. If R can not provide this age, R is
then asked to give his/her age during a particularly bad episode
of depression. If R still can not provide an age, then age at most
recent period of depression is ascertained. SU005RE indicates
which age is reported in SU004RE.

su005re: Was this depression the worst, particularly bad, or the most recent episode?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 868, 868m, 868s, RU005RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2059 2067 4126
1 WORST 256 404 660
2 PARTICULARLY BAD 2 2 4
3 MOST RECENT 7 7 14

su006re: During this episode of depression, did the you lose weight without trying to, as much as 2 pounds a week for several weeks or as much as 10 pounds altogether?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870a, RU006RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 10 9 19
1 YES 89 175 264
2 NO 166 228 394

su007re: Did you have two weeks or more when nearly every night you had trouble falling asleep?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870b, RU007RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 9 13
1 YES 150 253 403
2 NO 111 150 261

su008re: Did you have two weeks or more when you lacked energy or felt tired all the time, even when you had not been working very hard?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870c, RU008RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 9 11
1 YES 196 332 528
2 NO 67 71 138

su009re: Did you have two weeks or more when you felt very bad when waking up, but felt better later in the day?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870d, RU009RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 13 25 38
1 YES 149 234 383
2 NO 103 153 256

su010re: Did you have two weeks or more when you lost interest in most things like work, hobbies, or things you usually liked to do for fun?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870e, RU010RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 6 7
1 YES 197 331 528
2 NO 67 75 142

su011re: Did you have two weeks or more when nearly every day you had a lot more trouble concentrating than is normal?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870f, RU011RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 6 8
1 YES 192 318 510
2 NO 71 88 159

su012re: Did you have two weeks or more when you thought a lot about death, either your own, someone else's, or death in general?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870g, RU012RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2059 2067 4126
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 4 6
1 YES 133 235 368
2 NO 130 173 303

su013re: How many periods have you had in your lifetime that lasted two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 872e, 870, RU013RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 0 1
-2 2085 2093 4178
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 25 31
0 2 6 8
1 124 178 302
2 41 87 128
3 29 35 64
4 7 18 25
5 6 11 17
6 7 8 15
8 2 1 3
9 1 0 1
10 7 10 17
12 0 2 2
15 2 1 3
20 2 1 3
23 1 0 1
25 0 1 1
30 1 1 2
50 0 1 1
100 0 1 1
Note: If respondent did not respond yes to at least 2 of the questions
SU006RE-SU012RE then no further questions about depression are asked.
SU013RE is coded 998 and SU024REC has count of yes's for SU006RE-SU012RE.

su014re: If you have had only one period of depression, how long did you feel sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873, RU014RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2200 2302 4502
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 5 9
1 26 50 76
2 33 39 72
3 - 4 24 40 64
5 - 12 24 35 59
14 - 90 13 8 21

su015re: If you have had only one period of depression, what is the unit for length of period when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873a, RU015RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2204 2308 4512
1 DAY 10 4 14
2 WEEK 23 37 60
3 MONTH 60 93 153
4 YEAR 27 38 65

su016re: If you have had more than one period of depression, what is the average length of periods when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873b, RU016RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2218 2302 4520
-1 DON'T KNOW 10 31 41
1 27 34 61
2 41 55 96
3 17 22 39
4 6 11 17
6 3 16 19
7 1 2 3
9 0 5 5
10 0 2 2
14 1 0 1

su017re: What is the unit for length of period when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873c, RU017RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2228 2333 4561
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 0 2
2 WEEK 54 65 119
3 MONTH 37 64 101
4 YEAR 3 17 20

su018re: What is the usual length of time between the end of one period of depression to the beginning of the next?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873d, RU018RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2218 2302 4520
-1 DON'T KNOW 35 63 98
1 13 13 26
2 8 21 29
3 13 8 21
4 3 3 6
5 9 15 24
6 8 8 16
7 1 1 2
8 1 2 3
9 0 4 4
10 9 21 30
12 0 1 1
14 0 1 1
15 1 6 7
16 0 1 1
18 1 2 3
20 2 6 8
29 0 1 1
30 1 1 2
38 1 0 1

su019re: What is the unit for usual length of time between the end of one period of depression to the beginning of the next?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873e, RU019RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2253 2365 4618
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 DAY 0 1 1
2 WEEK 5 1 6
3 MONTH 13 27 40
4 YEAR 52 86 138

su020re: What age were you the first time the you had a period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 871m, 871p, 868, RU020RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2094 2124 4218
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 4 8
7 - 25 44 72 116
26 - 35 48 89 137
36 - 42 44 72 116
43 - 49 58 62 120
50 - 75 32 57 89
Note: If respondent only had one episode (SU013RE=1), then the age in
SU020RE is copied from SU004RE.

su021re: What age were you the last time you had a period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 871t, RU021RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2094 2124 4218
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 2 6
16 - 36 45 78 123
37 - 43 51 78 129
44 - 48 62 78 140
49 - 55 51 73 124
56 - 75 17 47 64
Note: If respondent only had one episode (SU013RE=1), then age is copied
from SU020RE.

su022re: Between any periods of two weeks or more of feeling sad, blue or depressed, were you feeling O. K. at least for some months?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 872f, RU022RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2218 2302 4520
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 YES 105 171 276
2 NO 1 4 5

su023re: Between any periods of two weeks or more of feeling sad, blue or depressed were you fully able to work and enjoy being with other people?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 872g, RU023RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 2218 2302 4520
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1 YES 101 171 272
2 NO 4 3 7

su024rec: Number of depression symptoms.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870a, 870b, 870c, 870d, 870e, 870f, 870g, RU024REC
Revisions: Updated Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 refused, not ascertained 56 44 100
-2 571 683 1254
0 1448 1351 2799
1 one symptom 10 16 26
2 two symptoms 26 28 54
3 three symptoms 38 47 85
4 four symptoms 44 76 120
5 five symptoms 53 95 148
6 six symptoms 57 97 154
7 seven symptoms 21 43 64
Note: If a valid yes or no response is given for fewer then 4 of the 7 symptoms
in su006re, su007re, su008re, su009re, su010re, su011re, su012re then su024rec is coded -3. Sua24re indicates
the number of valid responses.

sua24re: Number of valid responses for su024rec.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870a, 870b, 870c, 870d, 870e, 870f, 870g
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2004 2026 4030
0 56 43 99
3 0 1 1
4 0 1 1
5 3 10 13
6 21 34 55
7 240 365 605

su025re: Have you ever drunk alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874, RU025RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 48 36 84
-2 452 514 966
1 YES 1765 1794 3559
2 NO 59 136 195

su026re: During the last month on how many days did you drink any alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874f, RU026RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 51 36 87
-2 511 650 1161
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 9 24
0 398 557 955
1 - 2 286 443 729
3 - 5 357 372 729
6 - 20 464 319 783
21 - 31 242 94 336

su027re: What is the average number of drinks you had on the days you consumed any alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks in the past month?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874m, RU027RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 3 5
-2 975 1252 2227
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 5 11
1 394 635 1029
2 516 418 934
3 212 100 312
4 104 27 131
5 52 20 72
6 33 12 45
7 2 2 4
8 12 2 14
9 3 0 3
10 9 3 12
12 2 0 2
15 1 0 1
20 1 0 1
23 0 1 1

su028re: Number of alcoholic drinks respondent had in the last month.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874f, 874m, RU028RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 3 5
-2 975 1252 2227
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 5 11
1 - 3 204 397 601
4 - 8 280 365 645
9 - 20 355 274 629
21 - 60 367 149 516
62 - 620 135 35 170

su029re: Number of times you had five or more drinks on the same occasion during the last month.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874s, RU029RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 52 36 88
-2 1053 1453 2506
-1 DON'T KNOW 13 6 19
0 767 837 1604
1 139 59 198
2 99 39 138
3 41 11 52
4 54 15 69
5 35 4 39
6 13 5 18
7 4 1 5
8 12 2 14
9 1 0 1
10 12 7 19
11 0 1 1
12 3 1 4
14 2 1 3
15 5 0 5
20 3 1 4
25 4 0 4
30 7 0 7
31 5 1 6

su030re: Have you ever felt bad or guilty about drinking?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876, RU030RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 49 35 84
-2 511 650 1161
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 1 3
1 YES 469 325 794
2 NO 1293 1469 2762

su031re: Have people ever annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876f, RU031RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 49 35 84
-2 511 650 1161
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 0 2
1 YES 287 86 373
2 NO 1475 1709 3184

su032re: Has your drinking ever caused a problem at work?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876m, RU032RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 49 35 84
-2 511 650 1161
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 YES 76 10 86
2 NO 1687 1785 3472

su033re: Has your drinking ever created problems between yourself and spouse, children, parents, or other near relatives?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876s, RU033RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 50 35 85
-2 511 650 1161
1 YES 261 74 335
2 NO 1502 1721 3223

su034rec: Number of alcohol symptoms.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876, 876f, 876m, 876s, 878, 878a, RU034REC
Revisions: Updated Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 refused, not ascertained 49 35 84
-2 452 514 966
0 zero symptoms 1234 1557 2791
1 one symptom 282 284 566
2 two symptoms 127 55 182
3 three symptoms 96 22 118
4 four symptoms 47 8 55
5 five symptoms 37 5 42
Note: If a valid yes or no response is given for fewer than 3 of the 5 symptoms
in su030re, su031re, su032re, su033re, su035re, su036re, then su034rec is coded -3. Sua34re indicates the
number of valid responses.

sua34re: Number of valid responses for su034rec.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876, 876f, 876m, 876s, 878, 878a
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 511 650 1161
0 49 35 84
4 6 2 8
5 1758 1793 3551

su035re: Have you ever gone to anyone for help about drinking?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878, RU035RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 49 36 85
-2 511 650 1161
1 YES 166 189 355
2 NO 1598 1605 3203

su036re: If you have ever gone to anyone for help about drinking, was that about your drinking or someone else's drinking?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878a, RU036RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-2 2158 2291 4449
1 RESPONDENT 97 16 113
2 SOMEONE ELSE 62 167 229
3 RESPONDENT AND SOMEONE ELSE 7 6 13

su037re: When you were growing up, did you ever live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878f, RU037RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 49 37 86
-2 452 514 966
-1 DON'T KNOW 12 5 17
1 YES 339 402 741
2 NO 1472 1522 2994

su038re: Did you ever live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic, other than when you were growing up?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1993-94      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878s, RU038RE

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2113 1861 3974
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 49 36 85
-2 452 514 966
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 4 7
1 YES 124 382 506
2 NO 1696 1544 3240

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