WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Selected Child Variables

During the 1975 interview one of the respondents children was randomly
chosen as the "selected" child.  We intended to ask about this same child
if he/she were still alive during the 1992-1993 interview.  However, due to
an error in the first version of the survey instrument, the "selected" child
was randomly chosen for groups 0 and 1 (GROUP91=0 or 1) for the nonsib sample
(XSTAT77=99).  Of course this randomly chosen child was sometimes the same
child as the 1975 selected child and sometimes he/she was different. Variable
RDB02SK indicates if a new child was selected and the reason for the new
selection.  Please note that RDB002SK contains the codes from RD002SK prior to 
2004.  

If the selected child was deceased, a new child was chosen in 1992.  In order
to avoid confusion, in 2004, we agreed to follow the same selected child.

In 2004, the data file was restructured so that data for all selected children
who were newly chosen for any reason other than noninterview of R previously
are no longer available in the master data set.  Data for these selected
child variables is available in a separate module - newchild92.  678 cases 
are in newchild92.

Variable RDB02SK is coded 4 (new child chosen due to death of 1975
selected child), 5 (new child due to error in instrument) or 7 (2 cases,
random error) for cases whose data is only available in newchild92. Variables 
RD002SK-RD016SK of KROS and all the variables in SKID (RJ001SK-RJ051SK) 
have been moved to newchild92 for children newly selected in 92.  Data in 
the master file for these variables is coded not ascertained (-4) for the 678 
cases if there is no information available from the 1975 or 1993 interview.

Seven respondents refused to reveal any information regarding children.
Thus we do not know whether or not they have any children. These cases are
coded 9 or 99 or 999 as appropriate for all questions in this section.

  rj001sk           Number of children selected child has.
  rj002sk           State of selected child's residence.
  rj003sk-rj004sk   Current college attendance of selected child.
  rj005sk-rj010sk   Degree from college or university (selected child).
  rj011sk-rj014sk   Past and future school attendance (selected child).
  rj015sk-rj018sk   Respondent's preference, influence, and perceived
                      influence regarding selected child's education.
  rj019sk-rj020sk   Selected child's military service.
  rj021sk-rj022sk   Child's current/past activity, employment.
  rju23sk-rju24sk   1970 census occupation and industry for current/last
                      job.
  rju25sk-rju31sk   Class of worker, summary occupation and industry,
                      status scores for current/last job.
  rj032sk-rj038sk   1990 census occupation and industry for current/last
                      job.  Summary occupation and industry, status scores
                      for current/last job.
  rj040sk           Were questions RJ041SK-RJ051SK in the random sample?
  rj041sk-rj042sk   Respondent's assistance to selected child with
                       finding a job.
  rj043sk-rj046sk   Respondent's frequency of contact with selected child.
  rj047sk-rj048sk   Similarity and closeness between respondent and
                       selected child.
  rj049sk-rj051sk   Comparison of education, work and finances between
                      respondent and child.

rj001sk: Number of children selected child has.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 321f, RD002sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 43 46 89
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 1 16
0 2219 2135 4354
1 421 577 998
2 355 634 989
3 147 219 366
4 27 47 74
5 3 7 10
6 2 1 3
8 1 0 1
9 0 3 3

rj002sk: State of selected child's residence.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 324, 324d, s324d, RD008SK

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 159 234 393
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 41 13 54
1 Alabama 7 4 11
2 Alaska 9 5 14
3 Arizona 37 49 86
4 Arkansas 4 7 11
5 California 145 130 275
6 Colorado 43 60 103
7 Connecticut 6 7 13
8 Delaware 1 1 2
9 Washington, D.C. 7 2 9
10 Florida 62 76 138
11 Georgia 21 22 43
12 Hawaii 9 2 11
13 Idaho 6 7 13
14 Illinois 117 140 257
15 Indiana 20 27 47
16 Iowa 22 25 47
17 Kansas 5 15 20
18 Kentucky 4 10 14
19 Louisiana 7 2 9
20 Maine 2 2 4
21 Maryland 12 12 24
22 Massachusetts 12 11 23
23 Michigan 38 45 83
24 Minnesota 165 172 337
25 Mississippi 7 6 13
26 Missouri 7 14 21
27 Montana 8 9 17
28 Nebraska 7 9 16
29 Nevada 8 5 13
30 New Hampshire 4 5 9
31 New Jersey 8 14 22
32 New Mexico 9 6 15
33 New York 29 24 53
34 North Carolina 19 23 42
35 North Dakota 0 5 5
36 Ohio 21 29 50
37 Oklahoma 5 10 15
38 Oregon 15 15 30
39 Pennsylvania 10 15 25
40 Rhode Island 1 0 1
41 South Carolina 10 6 16
42 South Dakota 4 2 6
43 Tennessee 8 16 24
44 Texas 56 68 124
45 Utah 6 7 13
46 Vermont 1 0 1
47 Virginia 30 28 58
48 Washington 34 26 60
49 West Virginia 3 2 5
50 Wisconsin 1373 1695 3068
51 Wyoming 2 4 6
52 Antarctica 1 0 1
54 Bahrain 1 0 1
55 Belgium 0 1 1
56 Bolivia 0 1 1
57 Brazil 0 1 1
58 Bulgaria 0 1 1
59 Canada 1 5 6
61 Chile 0 1 1
62 Costa Rica 1 0 1
63 Denmark 1 0 1
66 Germany 8 7 15
67 Great Britain, (United Kingdom, England) 3 5 8
70 Hong Kong 1 0 1
71 Hungary 0 1 1
73 Italy 1 1 2
75 Japan 2 5 7
77 Korea 0 4 4
78 Netherlands (Holland) 0 1 1
81 Norway 0 1 1
85 Saudi Arabia 1 0 1
86 Spain 2 1 3
87 Sweden 1 0 1
88 Switzerland 1 0 1
89 Thailand 0 2 2
93 Virgin Islands 1 0 1
995 CHILD LIVES WITH RESPONDENT 557 505 1062
996 OTHER 4 4 8
Note: Public and private data differ. Only codes for public are Wisconsin (50) vs. non-Wisconsin (0).
Note: See Appendix J, Cor483S for state and foreign country codes.
Note: Code -3 includes 198 cases which could not be determined due
to an apparent interviewer error. See Appendix H, COR576A for
more information.

rja02sk: Five digit FIPS code for select child residence in 1993.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 264 338 602
-3 REFUSED 1270 1023 2293
-2 540 576 1116
-1 DON'T KNOW 41 13 54
1073 - 25025 260 415 675
26005 - 55009 306 449 755
55011 - 55071 289 415 704
55073 - 55105 258 459 717
55107 - 56039 195 320 515
99995 CHILD LIVES WITH RESPONDENT 557 505 1062

rj003sk: Is selected child currently enrolled in a formal program in a college or university?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 326s, RD002SK
Revisions: Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 16 28 44
-3 REFUSED 38 56 94
-2 1734 1902 3636
-1 DON'T KNOW 32 22 54
1 YES 748 658 1406
2 NO 1412 1847 3259

rj004sk: College code for school in which selected child is currently enrolled.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 327, 326s, RD002SK

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 131 188 319
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 2 7
-2 1807 1999 3806
0 not yet coded 2037 2324 4361

rj005sk: Has selected child ever earned a degree from a college or university?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 327s, 328, s328, RD002SK

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 131 188 319
-3 REFUSED 38 50 88
-2 1807 1999 3806
-1 DON'T KNOW 18 10 28
1 YES 1098 1323 2421
2 NO 888 943 1831

rj006sk: Highest degree, certificate, or diploma which selected child has earned.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 328, s328, 327s, RD002SK

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 131 188 319
-3 REFUSED 38 52 90
-2 2695 2942 5637
-1 DON'T KNOW 27 27 54
0 Other, NFS. 9 13 22
1 1 year diploma/certificate 1 3 4
10 B.Arch.-bachelor architecture 1 0 1
27 B.S.Ed.-bachelor science ed 1 0 1
31 D.D.S.-dr dental sci 2 4 6
41 D.V.M.-dr vet med 4 0 4
48 J.D.-dr jurisprudence 13 15 28
52 LL.B.-bachelor of laws 1 0 1
53 LL.D.-dr of laws 1 5 6
60 M.D. 7 5 12
76 O.D. 0 1 1
77 Pharm.D.-dr pharmacy 0 1 1
79 Ph.D.-dr of philosophy 7 10 17
88 Masters degree, NFS. 86 132 218
89 Bachelors degree, NFS. 806 908 1714
92 Associate degree, NFS. 144 202 346
93 Doctorate, NFS. 2 1 3
94 D.C.-dr chiropractic 2 0 2
95 R.N.-registered nurse 2 4 6
Note: See Appendix B - COR554 for complete list of degree codes.

rj007sk: Summary code for highest degree, certificate or diploma which selected child has earned.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 328, s328

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 131 188 319
-3 REFUSED 38 52 90
-2 2695 2942 5637
-1 DON'T KNOW OR DEGREE NOT CODEABLE 36 40 76
1 ASSOCIATE'S DEGREE 145 205 350
2 BACHELOR'S DEGREE 810 912 1722
3 MASTER'S DEGREE 86 132 218
4 DOCTORATE OR PROFESSIONAL DEGREE 39 42 81

rj008sk: Year selected child received degree.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 328a, 328, s328

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 45 58 103
-2 2844 3140 5984
-1 DON'T KNOW YEAR OF DEGREE EARNED 28 46 74
75 - 93 YEAR 1063 1269 2332

rj009sk: Is college selected child is currently enrolled in the same college where selected child earned degree?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 328f, 328a, 326s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 6 2 8
-2 3779 4309 8088
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 YES 50 61 111
2 NO 145 140 285

rj010sk: College code for school where selected child earned degree.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 328m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 38 50 88
-2 2826 3130 5956
-1 DON'T KNOW 18 10 28
0 not yet coded 1098 1323 2421

rj011sk: Code for name of school where selected child attended last year of school.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 330, 326s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, (INCLUDES ALL DATA COLLECTED PRIOR TO 10/29/92) 500 594 1094
-2 1448 1450 2898
0 not yet coded 2032 2469 4501
Note: Survey instrument was changed on 10/29/92 so that this question
was asked. Prior to that time questions 330 and 331 were skipped.

rj012sk: Year selected child attended last year of school.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 331, 326s
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED (INCLUDES ALL DATA COLLECTED PRIOR TO 10/29/92) 549 662 1211
-2 1215 1145 2360
-1 DON'T KNOW 173 166 339
70 - 93 YEAR 1810 2235 4045
Note: Survey instrument was changed on 10/29/92 so that this question
was asked. Prior to that time questions 330 and 331 were skipped.

rj013sk: Does selected child plan any further schooling?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 332f, 326s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 48 56 104
-2 1215 1145 2360
-1 DON'T KNOW 435 553 988
1 YES 818 968 1786
2 NO 1231 1486 2717

rj014sk: Type of schooling selected child plans for the future.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: s332m, 326s
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 49 62 111
-2 2446 2631 5077
-1 DON'T KNOW 478 626 1104
0 other 68 71 139
1 LESS THAN HIGH SCHOOL 0 1 1
2 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE 13 7 20
3 GED 4 6 10
4 TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 165 183 348
5 ART/PERFORMANCE/MUSIC SCHOOL 8 13 21
6 APPRENTICESHIP, ON-THE-JOB TRAINING 6 4 10
7 SOME COLLEGE 172 190 362
8 COLLEGE GRADUATE 100 126 226
9 M.A. OR M.S. 146 173 319
10 PH.D. 20 29 49
11 M.D. 5 4 9
12 LAW DEGREE 15 15 30
13 D.D.S. 2 1 3
14 D.V.M. 0 2 2
15 OTHER--GRADUATE OR PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL 50 64 114
Note: Code 00 includes all those cases where respondent indicated the
subject which selected child planned to study, but not the level
of education.

rj015sk: How far would respondent prefer selected child to go in school?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 332s, s332s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 68 77 145
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 181 227 408
0 OTHER 29 36 65
1 LESS THAN HIGH SCHOOL 2 4 6
2 HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE 159 201 360
3 GED 5 1 6
4 TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOL 233 302 535
5 APPRENTICESHIP, ON-THE-JOB TRAINING 0 3 3
6 SOME COLLEGE 114 140 254
7 COLLEGE GRADUATE 971 964 1935
8 GRADUATE OR PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL 629 659 1288
57 THE CHILD IS HANDICAPPED OR RETARDED 3 8 11
58 SATISFIED WITH THE CURRENT SITUATION 127 174 301
59 AS FAR AS CHILD WANTS TO GO 712 874 1586

rj016sk: How much did respondent influence selected child's education by example?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 334m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 50 57 107
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 89 63 152
1 NOT AT ALL 337 412 749
2 A LITTLE 1095 1037 2132
3 A LOT 1662 2101 3763

rj017sk: To what extent does respondent take credit for how selected child has done in his/her education?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 335

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 51 57 108
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 41 35 76
1 NOT AT ALL 351 351 702
2 A LITTLE 1741 1543 3284
3 A LOT 1049 1684 2733

rj018sk: How responsible does respondent feel for any shortcomings in how selected child has done in his/her education?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 334

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 53 58 111
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 40 43 83
1 NOT AT ALL 758 1118 1876
2 A LITTLE 1450 1408 2858
3 A LOT 557 543 1100
6 HAS NO SHORTCOMINGS 375 500 875

rj019sk: Has selected child ever been in the military service; that is, on active duty in a branch of regular service or on active duty in the Reserves or National Guard?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336f
Revisions: Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 REFUSED 47 52 99
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 12 2 14
1 YES 283 304 587
2 NO 3079 3569 6648

rj020sk: Is selected child currently in the military service?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336i, 336f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 47 52 99
-2 3419 3872 7291
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 3 18
1 YES 110 83 193
2 NO 156 198 354

rj021sk: Selected child's current activity.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 336s, 336i, 326s, 338, s338
Revisions: Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 REFUSED 47 55 102
-2 514 538 1052
-1 DON'T KNOW 36 13 49
1 CURRENTLY WORKING 2895 3400 6295
2 NOT WORKING, UNSPECIFIED 8 7 15
3 LOOKING FOR WORK 55 83 138
4 KEEPING HOUSE 82 132 214
5 UNABLE TO WORK 28 32 60
7 VOLUNTEER 1 1 2
8 STUDENT 244 180 424
9 NOT WORKING, SEASONAL 4 2 6
10 NOT WORKING, MATERNITY LEAVE/PREGNANT 9 6 15
11 IN PRISON 2 2 4
12 OTHER 10 14 24

rj022sk: Has selected child ever worked at one job for 6 months or longer? Includes both full and part-time work and without pay 15 hours or more per week in family business.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 338f, 336m, 336s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 51 55 106
-2 3266 3714 6980
-1 DON'T KNOW 36 9 45
1 YES 222 320 542
2 NO 172 110 282

rju23sk: 1970 Census detailed industry code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 340, 340f, 336f, 338f, 336m, 336f
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rj023sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 60 118
-2 725 660 1385
-1 DON'T KNOW 41 31 72
017 - 937 DETAILED INDUSTRY CODE 2923 3457 6380
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

rju24sk: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 338z, 338s, 336f, 338f, 336m, 336f
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rj024sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 57 115
-2 725 660 1385
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
001 - 984 DETAILED OCCUPATION CODE 2916 3438 6354
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction

rju25sk: Class of worker code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 340m, 340s, 340x
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rj025sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 62 61 123
-2 725 660 1385
-1 DON'T KNOW 38 43 81
1 Private company, business or individual for wages, salary or commission 2350 2765 5115
2 Government employee (federal, state or local government) 437 477 914
3 Own business or professional practice; incorporated 18 42 60
4 Own business or professional practice; not incorporated 112 154 266
5 Working without pay in a family business or farm 5 6 11
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.
Note: Code 4 includes those children whom were coded self-employed for
question 340m and don't know or refused for 340s.

rju26sk: 1970 Major industry code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 338f, 340, 340f, 338z, 338s
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rj026sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 60 118
-2 725 660 1385
-1 DON'T KNOW 41 31 72
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 80 89 169
2 Mining 3 5 8
3 Construction 152 184 336
4 Manufacturing 505 679 1184
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 149 169 318
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 668 748 1416
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 207 252 459
8 Business And Repair Services 181 188 369
9 Personal Services 105 133 238
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 71 70 141
11 Public Administration 205 183 388
12 Professional And Related Services 597 757 1354
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E - COR713 for creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rju27sk: 1970 Major occupation code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 338f, 340, 340f, 338z, 338s, 340m
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rj027sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 66 60 126
-2 852 756 1608
-1 DON'T KNOW 52 55 107
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 26 36 62
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 680 861 1541
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 318 357 675
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 21 45 66
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 117 145 262
6 Sales: Retail Trade 110 105 215
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 536 639 1175
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 85 157 242
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 95 124 219
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 121 158 279
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 175 208 383
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 113 128 241
13 Service Occupations 443 471 914
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 21 21 42
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 106 135 241
16 Farm Operators & Managers 11 20 31
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 32 32 64
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E - COR713 for creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rja28sk: 1970 Occupational Education Score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJU23SK, RJU24SK, RJU25SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 57 115
-2 835 743 1578
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
0008 - 0993 1970 Education Score 2806 3355 6161
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: There is an implicit decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.
Note: The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E - COR638
and COR713 for details, and a recommended transformation
of this variable is described in MEMO133.

rjb28sk: 1970 Occupational Income Score for selected child current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJU23SK, RJU24SK, RJU25SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 57 115
-2 835 743 1578
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
0000 - 0877 1970 Income characteristic 2806 3355 6161
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.
Note: The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E- COR638 and
COR713 for details, and a recommended transformation
on this variable is described in MEMO133.

rju28sk: 1970 Duncan SEI score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 338f, 340, 340f, 338z, 338s, 340m
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rj028sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 57 115
-2 835 743 1578
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
030 - 960 DUNCAN SCORE 2806 3355 6161
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rju29sk: 1970 Siegel prestige score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 338f, 340, 340f, 338z, 338s, 340m
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rj029sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED, COULD NOT BE CODED (NO SCORE ASSIGNED TO MOST INSPECTORS, NEC AND MISC. LABORERS, RJU24SK = 452, 780-785) 58 57 115
-2 835 743 1578
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
141 - 812 SIEGEL SCORE 2806 3355 6161
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rju30sk: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 338f, 338z, 338s
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rj030sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 57 115
-2 835 743 1578
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
1162 - 8849 MSEI2 2806 3355 6161
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rju31sk: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 336m, 338f, 338z, 338s
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rj031sk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 233 305 538
-3 REFUSED 58 57 115
-2 835 743 1578
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 53 101
1432 - 8957 TSEI2 2806 3355 6161
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.
Note: See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rj032sk: 1990 Census detailed industry code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 340, 340f, 336f, 338f, 336m, 336f
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 REFUSED 124 144 268
-2 880 776 1656
-1 DON'T KNOW 43 32 75
010 - 941 1990 INDUSTRY CODE 2887 3513 6400
960 1 0 1
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

rj033sk: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 338z, 338s, 336f, 338f, 336m, 336f
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 na 45 48 93
-3 REFUSED 124 141 265
-2 880 776 1656
-1 DON'T KNOW 48 54 102
003 - 903 1990 OCCUPATION CODE 2883 3494 6377
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

rj034sk: 1990 Major industry code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJ032SK, RJ033SK, RJU25SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED 167 176 343
-2 880 776 1656
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 80 92 172
2 Mining 3 5 8
3 Construction 160 196 356
4 Manufacturing 520 705 1225
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 163 186 349
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 682 767 1449
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 212 261 473
8 Business And Repair Services 165 177 342
9 Personal Services 80 104 184
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 77 81 158
11 Public Administration 87 101 188
12 Professional And Related Services 657 836 1493
13 Active Duty Military 2 2 4
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.
Note: See Appendix E - cor681 for detailed coding instructions.

rj035sk: 1990 Major occupation code for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJ032SK, RJ033SK, RJU25SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED 173 198 371
-2 880 776 1656
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 25 37 62
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 603 783 1386
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 290 354 644
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 18 36 54
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 148 175 323
6 Sales: Retail Trade 221 219 440
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 439 527 966
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 90 148 238
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 103 118 221
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 107 144 251
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 155 186 341
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 85 114 199
13 Service Occupations 414 432 846
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 25 37 62
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 76 84 160
16 Farm Operators & Managers 14 21 35
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 67 76 143
18 Military Occupations 2 0 2
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors &
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(CDE Working Paper 86-6).
Note: See Appendix E - cor681 for detailed coding instructions.
Note: Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded military on this variable.

rj036sk: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJ033SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 REFUSED 124 141 265
-2 880 776 1656
-1 DON'T KNOW 51 57 108
126 - 946 1990 PRESTIGE RATING 2880 3491 6371
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.
Note: The 1989 Nakao-treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondent in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupations in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.
Note: Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded military on this variable.

rj037sk: 1990 Occupational Education Score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJU25SK, RJ032SK, RJ033SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00, 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED 175 198 373
-2 880 776 1656
0000 - 0999 1990 Education Score 2880 3491 6371
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.
Note: The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.
Note: Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rj038sk: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for selected child's current/last job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RJ032SK, RJ033SK
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00, 2005     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 45 48 93
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED 175 198 373
-2 880 776 1656
0039 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 2880 3491 6371
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about 9/00 update.
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.
Note: The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.
Note: Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.
Note: VARIABLE NAME RJ039SK IS NOT USED IN THIS RELEASE.

rj040sk: Were questions RJ041SK-RJ051SK asked of this respondent?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RN10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, RESPONDENT REFUSED TO DISCUSS ANY INFORMATION CONCERNING CHILDREN 5 2 7
-2 470 442 912
1 YES 1683 1931 3614
2 NO 1822 2138 3960
Note: The comparison and contact/closeness questions (RJ041SK-RJ051SK)
were asked of a random sample of respondents.

rj041sk: Did respondent ever help selected child to find a job?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 342a, RN10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 30 32 62
-2 2308 2629 4937
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 4 11
1 YES 472 360 832
2 NO 1062 1354 2416

rj042sk: Type of help respondent gave to selected child to find a job.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 342b, s342b, RN10, 342a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 41 24 65
-2 3503 4151 7654
1 R OR SPOUSE OFFERED CHILD MONEY FOR JOB TRAINING, EDUCATION, RELOCATION 0 1 1
2 R OR SPOUSE WAS CURRENTLY WORKING FOR EMPLOYER AND TOLD CHILD ABOUT AN IN-HOUSE POSITION 31 29 60
3 R OR SPOUSE INTRODUCED CHILD TO PERSON WHO WAS HIRING 26 21 47
4 R OR SPOUSE HIRED CHILD 59 25 84
5 R DROVE CHILD TO JOB INTERVIEWS 18 20 38
6 R OFFERED CHILD JOB INFORMATION, UNSPECIFIED 64 34 98
7 R SAW JOB ADVERTISEMENT, TOLD CHILD 18 32 50
8 R WROTE/GAVE REFERENCE FOR CHILD 26 15 41
9 R OFFERED GENERAL JOB-SEEKING ADVICE AND ENCOURAGEMENT 45 46 91
10 R HELPED CHILD TO PREPARE A RESUME 6 15 21
11 OTHER 143 100 243

rj043sk: Frequency of contact with selected child either in person or by letter or phone.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 346m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 23 30 53
-2 2611 2862 5473
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
0 - 1 611 737 1348
2 260 312 572
3 - 15 244 309 553
16 - 365 128 127 255
Note: Numbers are as reported by R. Five cases seem unreasonable when
comparing frequency of contact and unit for frequency.

rj044sk: Unit for frequency of contact.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 346s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 1 1 2
-2 2755 3036 5791
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 DAY 123 238 361
2 WEEK 627 838 1465
3 MONTH 245 236 481
4 YEAR 229 163 392

rj045sk: Summary of frequency of contact with selected child either in person or by letter or phone.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 346m, 346s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 24 31 55
-2 2611 2862 5473
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 3 5
0 NEVER 18 8 26
1 ONCE PER YEAR 13 2 15
2 SEVERAL TIMES PER YEAR 216 161 377
3 ONCE PER MONTH 88 69 157
4 SEVERAL TIMES PER MONTH 157 167 324
5 ONCE PER WEEK 380 439 819
6 SEVERAL TIMES PER WEEK 247 399 646
7 ONCE PER DAY 112 219 331
8 SEVERAL TIMES PER DAY 11 19 30
Note: This is a very crude summary. All numbers greater than one are
counted as "several". The unit given in 346s is then used to determine
the category for RJ045SK.

rj046sk: Year respondent last saw selected child.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 348

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 23 30 53
-2 3836 4339 8175
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
70 - 92 YEAR 19 9 28

rj047sk: Similarity between respondent and selected child's general outlook on life.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 350g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 29 30 59
-2 2308 2629 4937
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 8 23
1 NOT AT ALL SIMILAR 29 34 63
2 NOT VERY SIMILAR 127 109 236
3 SOMEWHAT SIMILAR 903 889 1792
4 VERY SIMILAR 468 680 1148

rj048sk: Closeness between respondent and selected child.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 350m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 30 30 60
-2 2308 2629 4937
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 3 6
1 NOT AT ALL CLOSE 19 13 32
2 NOT VERY CLOSE 69 26 95
3 SOMEWHAT CLOSE 585 381 966
4 VERY CLOSE 865 1297 2162

rj049sk: How is selected child doing compared to respondent when respondent was selected child's age in terms of education?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 358m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 27 29 56
-2 2428 2763 5191
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 8 12
1 MUCH WORSE 40 34 74
2 WORSE 205 144 349
3 SAME 454 400 854
4 BETTER 397 488 885
5 MUCH BETTER 324 513 837

rj050sk: How is selected child doing compared to respondent when respondent was selected child's age in terms of work?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 360, s360

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 45 37 82
-2 2428 2763 5191
-1 DON'T KNOW 38 43 81
0 EITHER R OR CHILD DID NOT HAVE A JOB 35 54 89
1 MUCH WORSE 40 26 66
2 WORSE 330 137 467
3 SAME 502 352 854
4 BETTER 315 489 804
5 MUCH BETTER 146 478 624

rj051sk: How is selected child doing compared to respondent when respondent was selected child's age in terms of finance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 361

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 101 134 235
-3 REFUSED 28 32 60
-2 2428 2763 5191
-1 DON'T KNOW 33 45 78
1 MUCH WORSE 74 64 138
2 WORSE 411 258 669
3 SAME 390 359 749
4 BETTER 339 428 767
5 MUCH BETTER 176 430 606

Menu