WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Religion

rl001re-rl004rec        Respondent's current religious preference and
                        frequency of church attendance.

rl005spc                Respondent and spouse similarity in religious
                        preferences.

rl006spc-rl008spd       Current spouse's religious preference at time of
                        marriage and at time of interview in 1992/93.


NOTE:    See Appendix I - COR483R for Master List of Religion Codes.

rl001re: What is your current religious preference?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 448s, 448p, 448t
Revisions: Updated 5/96, 9/04     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 82 70 152
-1 DON'T KNOW 8 5 13
0 No Religion, None 370 254 624
1 Roman Catholic 1460 1805 3265
2 Greek Orthodox 1 7 8
3 Russian Orthodox 0 1 1
5 Serbian Orthodox 2 0 2
7 Jewish 32 41 73
9 Hindu 3 1 4
10 Scientologist 1 0 1
12 Yoga 1 0 1
13 Church Of Religious Science 1 5 6
14 Metaphysicist 0 2 2
17 Bahai 1 1 2
18 Protestant (No Denomination Given, Born Again, Born Again Christian, Christian, No Preference, Nothing Particular) 56 61 117
19 Protestant, Non-Denominational (R Must Have Used The Words 'Non-Denominational' For Religious Preference) 22 34 56
20 Community Church, No Denomination 1 3 4
21 Evangelical 10 16 26
22 Evangelical Free 11 11 22
23 Covenant 1 4 5
28 Evangelical Covenant 2 2 4
29 Charismatic Christian 1 1 2
32 Christian 56 38 94
33 Gospel Hall 1 0 1
34 Moravian 7 8 15
35 Mennonite 0 1 1
37 First Assembly Of God 2 1 3
38 Presbyterian 107 111 218
39 Lutheran, Evangelical Lutheran, Congregational Lutheran, Reformed Lutheran, Synod Lutheran 1136 1271 2407
40 United Church Of Christ, Congregational Evangelical And Reformed 83 125 208
41 Episcopalian, Anglican 47 69 116
42 Reformed, Dutch, Swiss, And Christian Reformed, First Reformed, Church Of America 11 14 25
43 United Methodist, Methodist, Evangelical United Brethren, Free Methodist, Primitive Methodist, Nazarene Free Methodist 266 302 568
44 Baptist, Southern Baptist, Free Will Baptist, Primitive Baptist 63 82 145
46 Disciples Of Christ 0 2 2
48 Church Of God, Church Of Christ, Church Of God And Christ 6 7 13
50 Brethren 1 2 3
51 Salvation Army 0 1 1
52 Seventh Day Adventist 2 5 7
54 Advent Christian 2 0 2
55 Swedish Mission Covenant 1 0 1
60 Bible Church, Bible Chapel 2 4 6
61 Fundamental Bible Church 1 0 1
63 Fundamentalist 2 3 5
64 Unification Church 1 0 1
65 Christian Missionary Alliance 4 5 9
67 Christ Household Of Faith 0 1 1
68 Pentecostal, Assembly Of God 24 36 60
69 Christian Scientist 2 6 8
70 Mormon, Latter Day Saints 11 8 19
71 Jehovah's Witnesses 14 19 33
72 Unity 1 3 4
73 Spiritualistic 1 2 3
74 Quaker 0 3 3
75 Unitarian 8 21 29
77 Islam/Muslim (OTHER CODE 8) 0 1 1
78 Theosophist 0 1 1
79 Church Of God Of Prophecy 1 0 1
80 Taoist 1 0 1
81 Worldwide Church Of God 4 2 6
83 Zen Buddhist 3 1 4
84 Naturalistic 1 0 1
85 Pantheist 1 1 2
88 Native American, American Indian 2 1 3
90 Congregational 9 13 22
91 Interdenominational 1 3 4
93 Agnostic 10 4 14
94 Atheist 5 2 7
96 Other religions, not established religion or changing religion with no clue of what they are changing to 14 10 24
Note: R must have said Protestant to the initial religion question
to get the codes "18" and "19". If R said Agnostic and
Athiest, they were coded "93" Agnostic.

On the public release, all codes EXCEPT (1 7 18 19 21 22 32 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 68 71 90 93 96) are collapsed into code 96 (other).

rl002rec: What is the frequency of religious attendance in the last year?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 452f
Revisions: Updated 5/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 82 73 155
-1 DON'T KNOW 11 13 24
0 - 1 2092 2560 4652
2 - 4 812 867 1679
5 - 52 861 820 1681
53 - 365 122 180 302

rl003red: What is the unit for frequency of religious attendance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 452w
Revisions: Updated 5/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 95 86 181
-2 680 579 1259
1 DAY 15 37 52
2 WEEK 1191 1823 3014
3 MONTH 434 554 988
4 YEAR 1565 1434 2999

rl004rec: Summary of frequency of religious attendance in the last year.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 452f, 452w
Revisions: Updated 5/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 84 73 157
-1 DON'T KNOW 11 13 24
0 NEVER, OR LESS THAN ONCE A YEAR 680 579 1259
1 1-2 TIMES PER YEAR 379 276 655
2 3-5 TIMES PER YEAR 286 250 536
3 6-9 TIMES PER YEAR 182 126 308
4 APPROXIMATELY ONCE A MONTH (10-18 TIMES PER YEAR) 294 324 618
5 APPROXIMATELY TWICE A MONTH (19-29 TIMES PER YEAR) 282 338 620
6 APPROXIMATELY THREE TIMES A MONTH (30-44 TIMES PER YEAR) 224 215 439
7 APPROXIMATELY ONCE A WEEK (45-78 TIMES PER YEAR) 1418 2048 3466
8 APPROXIMATELY TWICE A WEEK (79-128 TIMES PER YEAR) 67 146 213
9 APPROXIMATELY THREE TIMES A WEEK (129-175 TIMES PER YEAR) 36 68 104
10 4-6 TIMES PER WEEK (176-320 TIMES PER YEAR) 20 17 37
11 APPROXIMATELY ONCE A DAY OR MORE (321-730 TIMES PER YEAR) 17 40 57

rl005spc: Do you and your spouse have the same religious preference?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 34m, 452m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 64 51 115
-2 593 920 1513
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 2 9
1 YES 2859 3011 5870
2 NO 457 529 986

rl006spc: What is your spouse's religious preference?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 34m, 452m, 452q, 454n, 454p
Revisions: Updated 5/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 71 60 131
-2 593 920 1513
-1 DON'T KNOW 19 10 29
0 No Religion, None 220 261 481
1 Roman Catholic 1319 1436 2755
2 Greek Orthodox 2 4 6
3 Russian Orthodox 0 1 1
5 Serbian Orthodox 2 0 2
7 Jewish 25 32 57
9 Hindu 1 0 1
10 Scientologist 1 0 1
12 Yoga 1 0 1
13 Church Of Religious Science 1 1 2
17 Bahai 0 1 1
18 Protestant (No Denomination Given, Born Again, Born Again Christian, Christian, No Preference, Nothing Particular) 43 41 84
19 Protestant, Non-Denominational (R Must Have Used The Words 'Non-Denominational' For Religious Preference) 18 21 39
20 Community Church, No Denomination 1 1 2
21 Evangelical 10 10 20
22 Evangelical Free 10 9 19
23 Covenant 1 3 4
28 Evangelical Covenant 2 2 4
29 Charismatic Christian 0 2 2
31 First Christian 1 0 1
32 Christian 43 24 67
33 Gospel Hall 1 0 1
34 Moravian 5 8 13
35 Mennonite 0 1 1
37 First Assembly Of God 3 3 6
38 Presbyterian 90 82 172
39 Lutheran, Evangelical Lutheran, Congregational Lutheran, Reformed Lutheran, Synod Lutheran 954 1013 1967
40 United Church Of Christ, Congregational Evangelical And Reformed 78 103 181
41 Episcopalian, Anglican 40 55 95
42 Reformed, Dutch, Swiss, And Christian Reformed, First Reformed, Church Of America 9 13 22
43 United Methodist, Methodist, Evangelical United Brethren, Free Methodist, Primitive Methodist, Nazarene Free Methodist 228 223 451
44 Baptist, Southern Baptist, Free Will Baptist, Primitive Baptist 64 63 127
46 Disciples Of Christ 0 1 1
47 United Missionary 1 0 1
48 Church Of God, Church Of Christ, Church Of God And Christ 8 8 16
50 Brethren 2 2 4
51 Salvation Army 0 1 1
52 Seventh Day Adventist 5 4 9
54 Advent Christian 1 0 1
55 Swedish Mission Covenant 1 0 1
60 Bible Church, Bible Chapel 2 3 5
61 Fundamental Bible Church 1 1 2
63 Fundamentalist 3 2 5
64 Unification Church 1 0 1
65 Christian Missionary Alliance 5 2 7
66 Armenian Apostolic 0 1 1
67 Christ Household Of Faith 0 1 1
68 Pentecostal, Assembly Of God 20 21 41
69 Christian Scientist 2 5 7
70 Mormon, Latter Day Saints 12 8 20
71 Jehovah's Witnesses 17 14 31
72 Unity 2 1 3
73 Spiritualistic 0 1 1
74 Quaker 2 1 3
75 Unitarian 5 9 14
77 Islam/Muslim (OTHER CODE 8) 2 1 3
79 Church Of God Of Prophecy 1 0 1
81 Worldwide Church Of God 1 1 2
82 Armenian Orthodox 0 1 1
83 Zen Buddhist 5 0 5
85 Pantheist 1 0 1
86 Ukrainian Orthodox 0 1 1
88 Native American, American Indian 1 0 1
90 Congregational 1 0 1
91 Interdenominational 1 0 1
93 Agnostic 3 2 5
94 Atheist 1 2 3
96 Other religions, not established religion or changing religion with no clue of what they are changing to 17 16 33
Note: R must have said Protestant to the initial religion question
to get the codes "18" and "19". If R said Agnostic and
Athiest, they were coded "93" Agnostic.

On the public release, all codes EXCEPT (1 7 18 19 21 22 32 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 68 71 90 93 96) are collapsed into code 96 (other).

rl007spc: Was your spouse's religious preference prior to marriage the same as it is now?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 34m, 454s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 66 54 120
-2 593 920 1513
-1 DON'T KNOW 17 8 25
1 YES 2460 2662 5122
2 NO 844 869 1713

rl008spd: What was your spouse's religious preference before marriage?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RL007SPC, 34m, s454r, 455, s455p
Revisions: Updated 5/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 73 61 134
-2 593 920 1513
-1 DON'T KNOW 42 20 62
0 No Religion, None 162 244 406
1 Roman Catholic 1277 1399 2676
2 Greek Orthodox 3 4 7
3 Russian Orthodox 2 2 4
5 Serbian Orthodox 2 0 2
7 Jewish 28 34 62
9 Hindu 1 0 1
13 Church Of Religious Science 1 1 2
17 Bahai 0 1 1
18 Protestant (No Denomination Given, Born Again, Born Again Christian, Christian, No Preference, Nothing Particular) 46 43 89
19 Protestant, Non-Denominational (R Must Have Used The Words 'Non-Denominational' For Religious Preference) 14 11 25
20 Community Church, No Denomination 0 1 1
21 Evangelical 6 8 14
22 Evangelical Free 7 7 14
23 Covenant 1 3 4
28 Evangelical Covenant 0 1 1
29 Charismatic Christian 0 2 2
31 First Christian 1 0 1
32 Christian 26 16 42
33 Gospel Hall 0 1 1
34 Moravian 7 5 12
35 Mennonite 2 1 3
37 First Assembly Of God 3 3 6
38 Presbyterian 98 94 192
39 Lutheran, Evangelical Lutheran, Congregational Lutheran, Reformed Lutheran, Synod Lutheran 972 1011 1983
40 United Church Of Christ, Congregational Evangelical And Reformed 90 113 203
41 Episcopalian, Anglican 48 52 100
42 Reformed, Dutch, Swiss, And Christian Reformed, First Reformed, Church Of America 13 19 32
43 United Methodist, Methodist, Evangelical United Brethren, Free Methodist, Primitive Methodist, Nazarene Free Methodist 256 267 523
44 Baptist, Southern Baptist, Free Will Baptist, Primitive Baptist 98 85 183
46 Disciples Of Christ 1 0 1
47 United Missionary 1 0 1
48 Church Of God, Church Of Christ, Church Of God And Christ 8 4 12
50 Brethren 2 1 3
51 Salvation Army 1 1 2
52 Seventh Day Adventist 6 3 9
60 Bible Church, Bible Chapel 1 2 3
61 Fundamental Bible Church 1 0 1
63 Fundamentalist 3 2 5
64 Unification Church 1 0 1
65 Christian Missionary Alliance 5 1 6
66 Armenian Apostolic 0 1 1
67 Christ Household Of Faith 0 1 1
68 Pentecostal, Assembly Of God 17 12 29
69 Christian Scientist 4 12 16
70 Mormon, Latter Day Saints 7 7 14
71 Jehovah's Witnesses 8 6 14
73 Spiritualistic 0 1 1
74 Quaker 3 1 4
75 Unitarian 4 7 11
77 Islam/Muslim (OTHER CODE 8) 2 1 3
81 Worldwide Church Of God 1 1 2
82 Armenian Orthodox 0 1 1
83 Zen Buddhist 7 0 7
85 Pantheist 1 0 1
86 Ukrainian Orthodox 0 1 1
87 Nazarene 2 3 5
90 Congregational 6 5 11
93 Agnostic 2 1 3
96 Other religions, not established religion or changing religion with no clue of what they are changing to 14 9 23
Note: R must have said Protestant to the initial religion question
to get the codes "18" and "19". If R said Agnostic and
Athiest, they were coded "93" Agnostic.

On the public release, all codes EXCEPT (1 7 18 19 21 22 32 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 68 71 90 93 96) are collapsed into code 96 (other).

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