WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Mail: Psychological

If using the psychological well-being items from both the telephone
and mail surveys, note the different coding schemes used for 
the two instruments.  Also note the telephone items were recreated
and replaced with the 3/98 release.  See Change Notice #12 for details.

mn001rec, mn001rei  Raw autonomy score (summation); and raw autonomy score 
                    substituting mean for missing components.

mn002re             Number of autonomy items answered.

mn003rer-mn009rer   Autonomy items.

mn010rec, mn010rei  Raw environmental mastery score (summation); and raw 
                    environmental mastery score substituting mean for missing
                    components.

mn011re             Number of environmental mastery items answered. 

mn012rer-mn018rer   Environmental mastery items.

mn019rec, mn019rei  Raw personal growth score (summation); and raw personal
                    growth score substituting mean for missing components.

mn020re             Number of personal growth items answered.

mn021rer-mn027rer   Personal growth items.

mn028rec            Raw positive relation to others score (summation).

mn029re             Number of positive relation to others items answered.

mn030rer-mn036rer   Positive relation to others items.

mn037rec, mn037rei  Raw purpose in life score (summation); and raw purpose in
                    life score substituting mean for missing components.

mn038re             Number of purpose in life items answered.

mn039rer-mn045rer   Purpose in life items.

mn046rec, mn046rei  Raw self-acceptance score (summation); and raw 
                    self-acceptance score substituting mean for missing 
                    components.

mn047re             Number of self-acceptance items answered.

mn048rer-mn054rer   Self-acceptance items.

mn055rec            Brandstadter flexible goal adjustment (FGA) scale -
                    summary score.

mn056re             Number of FGA items answered.

mn057rer-mn061rer   Brandstadter FGA items.

mn062rec            Brandstadter tenacious goal pursuit (TGP) measure -
                    summary score.

mn063re             Number of TGP items answered.

mn064rer-mn068rer   Brandstadter TGP items.


NOTE:  See Appendix K - COR574A and COR437 for references and creation of 
       Psychological items mn003rer-mn054rer.

mn001rec: Summary score for autonomy.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: scn3, 19, 19a, 19g, 19h, 19o, 19v, 19cc, 19jj

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 20 10 30
4 lowest 1 1 2
5 - 27 629 1049 1678
28 - 31 808 882 1690
32 - 34 740 694 1434
35 - 38 679 680 1359
39 - 41 244 270 514
42 highest 71 97 168
Note: See mn003rer, mn004rer, mn005rer, mn006rer, mn007rer, mn008rer,
mn009rer.

Additional Ryff scale items can be found in the 1992
Wisconsin Longitudinal Study phone instrument.

MN001REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the seven items (19a,
19g,19h,19o,19v,19cc,19jj) received a valid response. The level of
autonomy can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 42 (the highest
possible). See MN001REI for an imputed version of this variable for
which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing responses. See
MN002RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn001rei: Summary score for autonomy, mean imputed for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: scn3, 19, 19a, 19g, 19h, 19o, 19v, 19cc, 19jj
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED < 4 VALID COMPONENTS 32 32 64
7 - 27 585 1002 1587
28 - 31 814 876 1690
32 - 34 750 709 1459
35 - 38 689 693 1382
39 - 42 322 371 693
Note: MN001REI is coded with a sum if at least four of the seven items
recieved a valid response. Missing responses are imputed to the mean
of remaining valid items prior to summing. See MN002RE for the number
of items included in the sum.

mn002re: Number of autonomy items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19a, 19g, 19h, 19o, 19v, 19cc, 19jj

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 20 10 30
1 1 2 3
2 1 3 4
3 10 17 27
4 19 31 50
5 4 7 11
6 44 56 100
7 3093 3557 6650
Note: See mn003rer, mn004rer, mn005rer, mn006rer, mn007rer, mn008rer,
mn009rer.

The following text refers to MN003RER-MN068RER:

Please read the statements below
and decide the extent to which
each statement describes you.

mn003rer: To what extent do you agree that your decisions are not usually influenced by what everyone else is doing?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 32 41 73
1 AGREE STRONGLY 862 1080 1942
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1264 1377 2641
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 533 673 1206
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 264 296 560
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 169 149 318
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 68 67 135
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN001REC.

mn004rer: To what extent do you agree that you have confidence in your opinions even if they are contrary to the general consensus?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 38 41 79
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1011 1161 2172
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1463 1540 3003
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 497 634 1131
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 116 170 286
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 46 89 135
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 21 48 69
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN001REC.

mn005rer: To what extent do you agree that you tend to worry about what other people think of you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19h

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 36 39 75
1 AGREE STRONGLY 106 292 398
2 AGREE MODERATELY 413 585 998
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 745 1025 1770
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 458 409 867
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 767 649 1416
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 667 684 1351

mn006rer: To what extent do you agree that you often change your mind about decisions if your friends or family disagree?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19o

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 34 44 78
1 AGREE STRONGLY 38 101 139
2 AGREE MODERATELY 287 468 755
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 636 848 1484
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 656 581 1237
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1038 982 2020
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 503 659 1162

mn007rer: To what extent do you agree that you are not afraid to voice your opinions, even when they are in opposition to the opinions of most people?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19v

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 41 42 83
1 AGREE STRONGLY 947 917 1864
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1322 1398 2720
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 539 711 1250
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 167 314 481
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 124 215 339
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 52 86 138
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN001REC.

mn008rer: To what extent do you agree that being happy with yourself is more important to you than having others approve of you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19cc

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 59 53 112
1 AGREE STRONGLY 852 1423 2275
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1161 1252 2413
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 636 518 1154
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 278 238 516
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 149 141 290
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 57 58 115
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN001REC.

mn009rer: To what extent do you agree that it's difficult for you to voice your opinions on controversial matters?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19jj

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 60 68 128
1 AGREE STRONGLY 85 211 296
2 AGREE MODERATELY 244 511 755
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 434 689 1123
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 437 435 872
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1015 896 1911
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 917 873 1790

mn010rec: Summary score for environmental mastery.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19b, 19i, 19n, 19p, 19w, 19dd, 19kk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 20 9 29
2 lowest 0 2 2
3 - 29 649 734 1383
30 - 33 789 842 1631
34 - 36 779 834 1613
37 - 40 727 920 1647
41 118 173 291
42 highest 110 169 279
Note: See mn012rer, mn013rer, mn014rer, mn015rer, mn016rer, mn017rer,
mn018rer.

MN010REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the seven items (19b,
19i,19n,19p,19w,19dd,19kk) recieved a valid response. The degree of
environmental mastery can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 42
(the highest possible). See MN010REI for an imputed version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN011RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn010rei: Summary score for environmental mastery, mean imputed for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19b, 19i, 19n, 19p, 19w, 19dd, 19kk
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED < 4 valid components 31 33 64
8 - 30 764 819 1583
31 - 34 909 985 1894
35 - 37 759 846 1605
38 - 41 612 828 1440
42 117 172 289
Note: MN010REI is coded with a sum if at least four of the seven items
recieved a valid response. Missing responses are imputed to the mean of
remaining valid items prior to summing. See MN011RE for the number of
valid responses.

mn011re: Number of environmental mastery items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19b, 19i, 19n, 19p, 19w, 19dd, 19kk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 20 9 29
1 1 4 5
2 3 3 6
3 7 17 24
4 20 29 49
5 6 6 12
6 29 49 78
7 3106 3566 6672
Note: See mn012rer, mn013rer, mn014rer, mn015rer, mn016rer, mn017rer,
mn018rer.

mn012rer: To what extent do you agree that you are good at juggling your time so that you can fit everything in that needs to get done?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 32 32 64
1 AGREE STRONGLY 767 1231 1998
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1405 1469 2874
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 558 481 1039
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 267 254 521
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 133 159 292
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 30 57 87
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN010REC.

mn013rer: To what extent do you agree that you often feel overwhelmed by your responsibilities?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19i

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 40 52 92
1 AGREE STRONGLY 115 226 341
2 AGREE MODERATELY 310 512 822
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 554 797 1351
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 552 497 1049
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 851 827 1678
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 770 772 1542

mn014rer: To what extent do you agree that you are quite good at managing the many responsibilities of your daily life?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19n

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 31 30 61
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1310 1915 3225
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1355 1343 2698
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 350 271 621
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 96 76 172
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 35 27 62
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 15 21 36
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN010REC.

mn015rer: To what extent do you agree that you do not fit very well with the people and community around you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19p

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 41 46 87
1 AGREE STRONGLY 50 70 120
2 AGREE MODERATELY 112 136 248
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 268 286 554
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 384 320 704
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1043 934 1977
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1294 1891 3185

mn016rer: To what extent do you agree that you have difficulty arranging your life in a way that is satisfying to you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19w

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 48 49 97
1 AGREE STRONGLY 38 94 132
2 AGREE MODERATELY 222 363 585
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 457 552 1009
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 426 483 909
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1201 1093 2294
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 800 1049 1849

mn017rer: To what extent do you agree that you have been able to create a lifestyle for yourself that is much to your liking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19dd

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 50 55 105
1 AGREE STRONGLY 909 1377 2286
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1389 1490 2879
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 545 444 989
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 178 175 353
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 92 97 189
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 29 45 74
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN010REC.

mn018rer: To what extent do you agree that you generally do a good job of taking care of your personal finances and affairs?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19kk

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 48 54 102
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1302 1797 3099
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1264 1315 2579
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 352 316 668
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 123 100 223
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 72 61 133
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 31 40 71
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN010REC.

mn019rec: Summary score for personal growth.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19c, 19j, 19q, 19u, 19x, 19ee, 19ll

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 20 12 32
2 lowest 1 0 1
3 - 28 739 704 1443
29 - 32 769 725 1494
33 - 35 624 711 1335
36 - 39 723 936 1659
40 - 41 226 392 618
42 highest 90 203 293
Note: See mn021rer, mn022rer, mn023rer, mn024rer, mn025rer, mn026rer,
mn027rer.

MN019REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the seven items (19c,
19j,19q,19u,19x,19ee,19ll) recieved a valid response. The degree of
personal growth can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 42 (the
highest possible). See MN019REI for an imputed version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN020RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn019rei: Summary score for personal growth, mean imputed for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19c, 19j, 19q, 19u, 19x, 19ee, 19ll
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 32 35 67
9 - 29 882 806 1688
30 - 33 829 794 1623
34 - 37 818 971 1789
38 - 41 539 863 1402
42 92 214 306
Note: MN019REI is coded with a sum if at least four of the seven
component items recieved a valid response. Missing responses are
imputed to the mean of remaining valid items prior to summing. See
MN020RE for the number of valid responses.

mn020re: Number of personal growth items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19c, 19j, 19q, 19u, 19x, 19ee, 19ll

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 20 12 32
1 4 3 7
2 2 3 5
3 6 17 23
4 20 27 47
5 4 15 19
6 39 56 95
7 3097 3550 6647
Note: See mn021rer, mn022rer, mn023rer, mn024rer, mn025rer, mn026rer,
mn027rer.

mn021rer: To what extent do you agree that you are not interested in activities that will expand your horizons?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 34 39 73
1 AGREE STRONGLY 96 80 176
2 AGREE MODERATELY 266 242 508
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 349 341 690
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 515 554 1069
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1075 1077 2152
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 857 1350 2207

mn022rer: To what extent do you agree that you have the sense that you have developed a lot as a person over time?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19j

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 44 49 93
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1053 1719 2772
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1405 1292 2697
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 519 424 943
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 100 118 218
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 52 54 106
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 19 27 46
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN019REC.

mn023rer: To what extent do you agree that when you think about it, you haven't really improved much as a person over the years?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19q

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 39 42 81
1 AGREE STRONGLY 54 59 113
2 AGREE MODERATELY 122 115 237
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 190 175 365
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 297 253 550
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 921 804 1725
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1569 2235 3804

mn024rer: To what extent do you agree that you think it is important to have new experiences that challenge how you think about yourself and the world?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19u

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 34 41 75
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1143 1872 3015
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1194 1143 2337
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 612 455 1067
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 118 110 228
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 66 41 107
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 25 21 46
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN019REC.

mn025rer: To what extent do you agree that you don't want to try new ways of doing things, i.e. your life is fine the way it is?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19x

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 50 55 105
1 AGREE STRONGLY 69 68 137
2 AGREE MODERATELY 236 292 528
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 382 398 780
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 675 702 1377
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1116 1209 2325
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 664 959 1623

mn026rer: To what extent do you agree that you do not enjoy being in new situations that require you to change your old familiar ways of doing things?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19ee

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 48 56 104
1 AGREE STRONGLY 171 192 363
2 AGREE MODERATELY 385 489 874
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 788 900 1688
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 635 604 1239
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 833 931 1764
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 332 511 843

mn027rer: To what extent do you agree that there is truth to the saying you can't teach an old dog new tricks?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19ll

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 56 70 126
1 AGREE STRONGLY 70 97 167
2 AGREE MODERATELY 186 239 425
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 364 334 698
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 415 390 805
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 984 918 1902
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1117 1635 2752

mn028rec: Summary score for positive relation to others.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19d, 19k, 19r, 19y, 19bb, 19ff, 19mm

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 21 9 30
4 lowest 0 2 2
5 - 29 853 628 1481
30 - 33 765 650 1415
34 - 36 676 697 1373
37 - 39 532 775 1307
40 - 41 253 585 838
42 highest 92 337 429
Note: See mn030rer, mn031rer, mn032rer, mn033rer, mn034rer, mn035rer,
mn036rer.

MN028REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the seven items (19d,
19k,19r,19y,19bb,19ff,19mm) recieved a valid response. The degree of
positive relation can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 42 (the
highest possible). See MN028REI for an imputed version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN029RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn028rei: Summary score for positive relation to others, imputed mean for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19d, 19k, 19r, 19y, 19bb, 19ff, 19mm
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED < 4 VALID COMPONENTS 45 47 92
10 - 29 806 555 1361
30 - 33 771 652 1423
34 - 36 677 698 1375
37 - 40 683 1085 1768
41 - 42 210 646 856
Note: MN028REI is coded with a sum if at least four of the seven
component items recieved a valid response. Missing responses are
imputed to the mean of remaining valid items prior to summing. See
MN029RE for the number of valid responses.

mn029re: Number of positive relation to others items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19d, 19k, 19r, 19y, 19bb, 19ff, 19mm

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 21 9 30
1 0 3 3
2 1 5 6
3 23 30 53
4 11 20 31
5 5 7 12
6 45 58 103
7 3086 3551 6637
Note: See mn030rer, mn031rer, mn032rer, mn033rer, mn034rer, mn035rer, mn036rer.

mn030rer: To what extent do you agree that you don't have many people who want to listen when you need to talk?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 41 40 81
1 AGREE STRONGLY 89 173 262
2 AGREE MODERATELY 314 390 704
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 472 528 1000
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 512 473 985
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1101 963 2064
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 663 1116 1779

mn031rer: To what extent do you agree that you enjoy personal and mutual conversations with family members and friends?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19k

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 32 33 65
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1318 2599 3917
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1241 830 2071
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 439 157 596
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 101 31 132
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 46 17 63
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 15 16 31
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN028REC.

mn032rer: To what extent do you agree that you often feel lonely because you have few close friends with whom to share your concerns?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19r

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 45 47 92
1 AGREE STRONGLY 78 124 202
2 AGREE MODERATELY 195 192 387
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 357 370 727
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 341 337 678
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 839 748 1587
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1337 1865 3202

mn033rer: To what extent do you agree that it seems to you that most other people have more friends than you do?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19y

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 57 59 116
1 AGREE STRONGLY 111 140 251
2 AGREE MODERATELY 323 293 616
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 608 568 1176
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 540 497 1037
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 834 904 1738
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 719 1222 1941

mn034rer: To what extent do you agree that people would describe you as a giving person, willing to share your time with others?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19bb

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 46 57 103
1 AGREE STRONGLY 801 1704 2505
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1319 1397 2716
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 660 370 1030
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 232 92 324
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 104 37 141
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 30 26 56
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN028REC.

mn035rer: To what extent do you agree that most people see you as loving and affectionate?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19ff

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 58 65 123
1 AGREE STRONGLY 510 1422 1932
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1164 1480 2644
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 874 496 1370
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 379 150 529
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 170 49 219
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 37 21 58
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN028REC.

mn036rer: To what extent do you agree that you know you can trust your friends, and they know they can trust you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19mm

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 53 57 110
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1357 2186 3543
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1266 1108 2374
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 350 234 584
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 93 46 139
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 48 36 84
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 25 16 41
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN028REC.

mn037rec: Summary score for purpose in life.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19e, 19l, 19s, 19z, 19gg, 19ii, 19nn

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 20 13 33
1 lowest 0 1 1
3 - 28 573 716 1289
29 - 33 801 807 1608
34 - 36 716 710 1426
37 - 39 574 706 1280
40 - 41 316 418 734
42 highest 192 312 504
Note: See mn039rer, mn040rer, mn041rer, mn042rer, mn043rer, mn044rer,
mn045rer.

MN037REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the seven items (19e,
19l,19s,19z,19gg,19ii,19mm) recieved a valid response. The degree of
purpose in life can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 42 (the
highest possible). See MN037REI for an updated version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN038RE for the number of valid responses.

mn037rei: Summary score for purpose in life, mean imputed for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19e, 19l, 19s, 19z, 19gg, 19ii, 19nn
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED < 4 VALID COMPONENTS 46 49 95
8 - 29 650 769 1419
30 - 33 684 685 1369
34 - 36 719 712 1431
37 - 40 734 922 1656
41 - 42 359 546 905
Note: MN037REI is coded with a sum if at least four of the seven
component items recieved a valid response. Missing responses are
imputed to the mean of remaining valid items prior to summing. See
MN038RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn038re: Number of purpose in life items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19e, 19l, 19s, 19z, 19gg, 19ii, 19nn

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 20 13 33
1 2 3 5
2 3 2 5
3 21 31 52
4 10 21 31
5 2 7 9
6 29 61 90
7 3105 3545 6650
Note: See mn039rer, mn040rer, mn041rer, mn042rer, mn043rer, mn044rer,
mn045rer.

mn039rer: To what extent do you agree that you enjoy making plans for the future and working to make them a reality?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 33 39 72
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1168 1515 2683
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1143 1226 2369
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 540 529 1069
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 182 205 387
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 87 94 181
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 39 75 114
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN037REC.

mn040rer: To what extent do you agree that your daily activities often seem trivial and unimportant to you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19l

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 32 48 80
1 AGREE STRONGLY 55 113 168
2 AGREE MODERATELY 208 328 536
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 444 541 985
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 445 446 891
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1077 908 1985
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 931 1299 2230

mn041rer: To what extent do you agree that you are an active person in carrying out the plans you set for yourself?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 35 43 78
1 AGREE STRONGLY 968 1331 2299
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1411 1463 2874
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 510 542 1052
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 174 194 368
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 75 77 152
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 19 33 52
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN037REC.

mn042rer: To what extent do you agree that you tend to focus on the present, because the future nearly always brings you problems?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19z

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 56 64 120
1 AGREE STRONGLY 39 72 111
2 AGREE MODERATELY 98 171 269
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 191 280 471
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 515 514 1029
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1204 1106 2310
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1089 1476 2565

mn043rer: To what extent do you agree that you don't have a good sense of what it is you are trying to accomplish in life?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19gg

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 53 65 118
1 AGREE STRONGLY 56 106 162
2 AGREE MODERATELY 153 253 406
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 297 378 675
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 452 480 932
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1127 1047 2174
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1054 1354 2408

mn044rer: To what extent do you agree that you sometimes feel as if you've done all there is to do in life?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19ii

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 50 55 105
1 AGREE STRONGLY 22 53 75
2 AGREE MODERATELY 136 156 292
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 254 237 491
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 383 319 702
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1053 962 2015
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1294 1901 3195

mn045rer: To what extent do you agree that you used to set goals for yourself, but that now seems like a waste of time?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19nn

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 55 67 122
1 AGREE STRONGLY 36 56 92
2 AGREE MODERATELY 143 212 355
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 366 344 710
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 534 489 1023
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1059 1026 2085
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 999 1489 2488

mn046rec: Summary score for self-acceptance.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19f, 19m, 19t, 19aa, 19hh, 19pp, 19oo
Revisions: Updated 11/02     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 21 12 33
2 lowest 1 0 1
4 - 28 660 837 1497
29 - 32 650 714 1364
33 - 35 697 653 1350
36 - 39 761 854 1615
40 - 41 282 389 671
42 highest 120 224 344
Note: See mn048rer, mn049rer, mn050rer, mn051rer, mn052rer, mn053rer,
mn054rer.

Prior to Oct 2002, this variable was incorrectly summed. 19oo
was not reverse-coded prior to summing as indicated in description
of MN053RER; and 19pp (MN054RER) was reverse coded prior to summing,
but MN054RER should not have been reverse coded.

MN046REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the seven items (19f,
19m,19t,19aa,19hh,19oo,19pp) recieved a valid response. The degree of
self-acceptance can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 42 (the
highest possible). See MN046REI for an imputed version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN047RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn046rei: Summary score for self-acceptance, mean imputed for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19f, 19m, 19t, 19aa, 19hh, 19pp, 19oo
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED < 4 VALID COMPONENTS FOR SUM 48 51 99
7 - 28 621 756 1377
29 - 32 645 720 1365
33 - 35 709 662 1371
36 - 39 764 865 1629
40 - 42 405 629 1034
Note: MN046REI is coded with a sum if at least four of the seven
component items recieved a valid response. Missing responses are
imputed to the mean of remaining valid items prior to summing. See
MN047RE for the number of valid responses.

mn047re: Number of self-acceptance items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19f, 19m, 19t, 19aa, 19hh, 19pp, 19oo

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 21 12 33
1 1 0 1
2 2 7 9
3 24 32 56
4 6 20 26
5 6 5 11
6 27 72 99
7 3105 3535 6640
Note: See mn048rer, mn049rer, mn050rer, mn051rer, mn052rer, mn053rer,
mn054rer.

mn048rer: To what extent do you agree that you feel like many of the people you know have gotten more out of life than you have?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 38 43 81
1 AGREE STRONGLY 113 171 284
2 AGREE MODERATELY 280 337 617
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 452 586 1038
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 522 509 1031
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 966 879 1845
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 821 1158 1979

mn049rer: To what extent do you agree that, in general, you feel confident and positive about yourself?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 32 44 76
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1452 1812 3264
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1292 1292 2584
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 276 323 599
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 82 112 194
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 35 66 101
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 23 34 57
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN046REC.

mn050rer: To what extent do you agree that when you compare yourself to friends and acquaintances, it makes you feel good about who you are?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19t

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 37 53 90
1 AGREE STRONGLY 1029 1488 2517
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1355 1363 2718
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 572 539 1111
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 112 144 256
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 59 62 121
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 28 34 62
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN046REC.

mn051rer: To what extent do you agree that your attitude about yourself is probably not as positive as most people feel about themselves?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19aa

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 52 67 119
1 AGREE STRONGLY 53 131 184
2 AGREE MODERATELY 186 306 492
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 413 497 910
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 430 441 871
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1066 999 2065
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 992 1242 2234

mn052rer: To what extent do you agree that you made some mistakes in the past, but you feel that all in all everything has worked out for the best?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19hh

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 49 65 114
1 AGREE STRONGLY 972 1421 2393
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1371 1379 2750
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 503 450 953
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 112 150 262
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 119 124 243
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 66 94 160
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN046REC.

mn053rer: To what extent do you agree that the past had its ups and downs, but in general, you wouldn't want to change it?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19oo

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 55 61 116
1 AGREE STRONGLY 527 919 1446
2 AGREE MODERATELY 1205 1238 2443
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 492 468 960
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 395 401 796
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 329 349 678
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 189 247 436
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before creation of the summary variable - MN046REC.

mn054rer: To what extent do you agree that in many ways you feel disappointed about your achievements in life?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 19pp

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 53 56 109
1 AGREE STRONGLY 58 94 152
2 AGREE MODERATELY 187 285 472
3 AGREE SLIGHTLY 387 473 860
4 DISAGREE SLIGHTLY 397 384 781
5 DISAGREE MODERATELY 1008 1027 2035
6 DISAGREE STRONGLY 1102 1364 2466
Note: See Appendix G - COR571A for references on items MN057RER-MN068RER.

mn055rec: Summary score for Brandstadter flexible goal adjustment scale.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20b, 20c, 20g, 20i, 20j
Revisions: Updated 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 37 41 78
1 lowest 1 0 1
3 - 16 1003 949 1952
17 - 18 930 970 1900
19 - 20 830 1061 1891
21 - 24 358 607 965
25 highest 33 55 88
Note: See mn057rer, mn058rer, mn059rer, mn060rer, mn061rer.

MN055REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the five items (20b,
20c,20g,20i,20j) recieved a valid response. The degree of flexible
goal sdjustment can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 25 (the
highest possible). See MN055REI for an imputed version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN056RE for the number of items included in the sum.

This variable has been identified incorrectly in releases prior
to 9/00. See Change Notice #21 for corrections to this variable.

mn055rei: Summary score for Brandstadter flexible goal adjustment scale, mean substituted for missing components.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20b, 20c, 20g, 20i, 20j
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED, < 3 valid scores 40 44 84
5 - 16 982 932 1914
17 - 18 935 976 1911
19 - 20 843 1064 1907
21 - 25 392 667 1059
Note: MN055REI is coded with a sum if at least three of the five
component items recieved a valid response. Missing responses are
imputed to the mean of remaining valid items prior to summing. See
MN056RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn056re: Number of Brandstadter flexible goal adjustment questions answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20b, 20c, 20g, 20i, 20j
Revisions: Updated 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 37 41 78
1 1 2 3
2 2 1 3
3 1 1 2
4 26 28 54
5 3125 3610 6735
Note: See mn057rer, mn058rer, mn059rer, mn060rer, mn061rer.

This variable has been identified incorrectly in releases prior
to 9/00. See Change Notice #21 for corrections to this variable.

The following text refers to MN057RER-MN068RER:

Please circle the response
category that best describes your
agreement or disagreement with
each statement.

mn057rer: To what extent do you agree that if you don't get something you want, you take it with patience?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 59 58 117
1 STRONGLY AGREE 304 477 781
2 AGREE 1681 1982 3663
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 655 697 1352
4 DISAGREE 454 427 881
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 39 42 81
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN055REC.

mn058rer: To what extent do you agree that it is very difficult for you to accept a setback or defeat?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 42 50 92
1 STRONGLY AGREE 168 157 325
2 AGREE 891 839 1730
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 633 764 1397
4 DISAGREE 1303 1599 2902
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 155 274 429

mn059rer: To what extent do you agree that you find it easy to see something positive even in a serious mishap?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 42 49 91
1 STRONGLY AGREE 325 550 875
2 AGREE 1398 1715 3113
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 894 802 1696
4 DISAGREE 476 492 968
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 57 75 132
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN055REC.

mn060rer: To what extent do you agree that when everything seems to be going wrong, you can usually find a bright side to a situation?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20i

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 39 44 83
1 STRONGLY AGREE 323 566 889
2 AGREE 1816 2078 3894
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 728 661 1389
4 DISAGREE 271 298 569
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 15 36 51
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN055REC.

mn061rer: To what extent do you agree that, in general, you are not upset very long about an opportunity passed up?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20j

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 41 45 86
1 STRONGLY AGREE 430 536 966
2 AGREE 2036 2311 4347
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 365 474 839
4 DISAGREE 304 286 590
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 16 31 47
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN055REC.

mn062rec: Summary score for Brandstadter Tenacious Goal Pursuit measure.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20a, 20d, 20e, 20f, 20h
Revisions: Updated 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 37 41 78
1 lowest 1 0 1
3 - 16 810 1241 2051
17 - 18 816 949 1765
19 - 20 820 767 1587
21 - 24 601 613 1214
25 highest 107 72 179
Note: See mn064rer, mn065rer, mn066rer, mn067rer, mn068rer.

MN062REC is coded with a sum if at least one of the five items (20a,
20d,20e,20f,20h) recieved a valid response. The degree of tenacious
goal pursuit can range from 1 (the lowest possible) to 25 (the
highest possible). See MN062REI for an imputed version of this
variable for which mean of valid responses is imputed for missing
responses. See MN063RE for the number of items included in the sum.

This variable has been identified incorrectly in releases prior
to 9/00. See Change Notice #21 for corrections to this variable.

mn062rei: Summary score for Brandstadter Tenacious Goal Pursuit measure, mean of valid items substituted for missing.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20a, 20d, 20e, 20f, 20h
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED, < 3 valid responses 38 44 82
5 - 16 801 1226 2027
17 - 18 813 951 1764
19 - 20 824 774 1598
21 - 25 716 688 1404
Note: MN062REI is coded with a sum if at least three of the five
component items recieved a valid response. Missing responses are
imputed to the mean of remaining valid items prior to summing. See
MN063RE for the number of items included in the sum.

mn063re: Number of Brandstadter Tenacious Goal Pursuit items answered.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20a, 20d, 20e, 20f, 20h
Revisions: Updated 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
0 37 41 78
1 1 2 3
2 0 1 1
3 4 0 4
4 18 29 47
5 3132 3610 6742
Note: See mn064rer, mn065rer, mn066rer, mn067rer, mn068rer.

This variable has been identified incorrectly in releases prior
to 9/00. See Change Notice #21 for corrections to this variable.

mn064rer: To what extent do you agree that even when things seem hopeless, you keep on fighting to reach your goals?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 44 50 94
1 STRONGLY AGREE 779 1025 1804
2 AGREE 1806 1890 3696
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 474 616 1090
4 DISAGREE 82 90 172
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 7 12 19
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN062REC.

mn065rer: To what extent do you agree that you stick to your goals and projects even in the face of great difficulties?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 44 48 92
1 STRONGLY AGREE 591 625 1216
2 AGREE 1909 2012 3921
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 522 759 1281
4 DISAGREE 116 223 339
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 10 16 26
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN062REC.

mn066rer: To what extent do you agree that the harder a goal is to achieve, the more appeal it has to you?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 44 53 97
1 STRONGLY AGREE 387 295 682
2 AGREE 986 929 1915
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 1206 1453 2659
4 DISAGREE 532 860 1392
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 37 93 130
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN062REC.

mn067rer: To what extent do you agree that you can be very stubborn in pursuing your goals?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 38 48 86
1 STRONGLY AGREE 576 558 1134
2 AGREE 1554 1593 3147
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 713 933 1646
4 DISAGREE 286 492 778
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 25 59 84
Note: This is the raw data from the survey. This variable was reverse
coded before the creation of the summary variable - MN062REC.

mn068rer: To what extent do you agree that to avoid disappointments, you don't set your goals too high?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: mail
Source variables: 20h

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1799 1643 3442
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED/REFUSED 45 46 91
1 STRONGLY AGREE 62 112 174
2 AGREE 669 985 1654
3 NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE 755 930 1685
4 DISAGREE 1274 1251 2525
5 STRONGLY DISAGREE 387 359 746

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