WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Depression and Alcohol Summary

ru001re                Random sample selection.

ru002re-ru012rec       Ever depressed, age, symptoms. 

ru013re                Count of depression episodes lasting two weeks
                       or more.

ru014re-ru015re        Length of depression episode for respondents
                       who had ONLY ONE episode.

ru016re-ru019re        Average duration and average time between 
                       episodes for respondents who had more than
                       one depression episode.

ru020re-ru021re        Age at first and last episodes of depression.

ru022re-ru023re        Psychological well-being between depression
                       episodes.

ru024rec               Count of depression symptoms.
     
rua24re                Number of valid responses for ru024rec.

ru025re-ru029re        Consumption of alcoholic beverages / number of
                       days per month/ average number of drinks.
     
ru030re-ru036re        Drinking problems/ alcoholic symptoms.
     
ru037re-ru038re        Did respondent ever live with a drinker or 
                       alcoholic?

NOTE:     See Appendix M - MEMO114 and COR571A for references and 
          creation of CES-D depression and alcohol symptom scales.

ru001re: Respondent is in 79% random sample for Depression and Alcohol sections.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RN15

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
0 RESPONDENT NOT IN 79% SAMPLE 877 980 1857
1 RESPONDENT IS IN 79% SAMPLE 3103 3533 6636

ru002re: Have you ever had a time in life lasting two weeks or more when nearly every day you felt sad, blue, depressed, or when you lost interest in most things like work, hobbies, or things you usually liked to do for fun?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 866f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 78 61 139
-2 877 980 1857
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 4 9
1 YES 544 1001 1545
2 NO 2476 2467 4943

ru003re: Were your experiences with depression always caused by alcohol, drugs, medications, or physical illness?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 866m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-2 3436 3512 6948
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 8 13
1 YES 165 267 432
2 SOMETIMES 75 126 201
3 NO 299 599 898
Note: If RU003RE is 1, then no further questions about depression
are asked.

ru004re: What age were you when you experienced the worst, particularly bad, or the most recent period of depression?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 868, 868m, 868s, RA002RE
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 4 4
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 5 10
5 - 35 55 175 230
36 - 43 92 152 244
44 - 49 96 159 255
50 - 52 92 162 254
53 - 56 39 77 116
Note: The respondent is first asked to indicate his/her age during
worst period of depression. If R can not provide this age, R is
then asked to give his/her age during a particularly bad episode
of depression. If R still can not provide an age, then age at most
recent period of depression is ascertained. RU005RE indicates
which age is reported in RU004RE.
Note: See ru005re for type of depression.

ru005re: Was the depression the worst, particularly bad, or the most recent episode?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 868, 868m, 868s
Revisions: Added 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3606 3788 7394
1 WORST 358 703 1061
2 PARTICULARLY BAD 11 11 22
3 MOST RECENT 5 11 16

ru006re: During this episode of depression, did the you lose weight without trying to, as much as 2 pounds a week for several weeks or as much as 10 pounds altogether?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870a
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 5 5
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 13 14 27
1 YES 134 296 430
2 NO 232 419 651
Note: See ru005re for type of depression.

ru007re: Did you have two weeks or more when nearly every night you had trouble falling asleep?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 6 6
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 11 16
1 YES 225 493 718
2 NO 149 224 373

ru008re: Did you have two weeks or more when you lacked energy or felt tired all the time, even when you had not been working very hard?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 6 6
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 8 12
1 YES 264 612 876
2 NO 111 108 219

ru009re: Did you have two weeks or more when you felt very bad when waking up, but felt better later in the day?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 6 6
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 17 34 51
1 YES 205 423 628
2 NO 157 271 428

ru010re: Did you have two weeks or more when you lost interest in most things like work, hobbies, or things you usually liked to do for fun?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 6 6
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 5 9
1 YES 283 615 898
2 NO 92 108 200

ru011re: Did you have two weeks or more when nearly every day you had a lot more trouble concentrating than is normal?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 2 6 8
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 10 14
1 YES 276 582 858
2 NO 97 136 233

ru012re: Did you have two weeks or more when you thought a lot about death, either your own, someone else's, or death in general?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 2 7 9
-2 3601 3779 7380
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 7 9
1 YES 169 451 620
2 NO 206 269 475

ru013re: How many periods have you had in your lifetime that lasted two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 872e, 870
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 4 4
-2 3655 3827 7482
-1 DON'T KNOW 20 42 62
0 - 1 145 330 475
2 68 138 206
3 - 6 72 131 203
7 - 100 20 41 61
Note: If respondent did not respond "yes" to at least 2 of the questions
RU006RE-RU012RE then no further questions about depression are asked.
RU013RE is then coded 998. RU024REC has count of "yes's" for RU006RE-RU012RE.

ru014re: If you have had only one period of depression, how long did you feel sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 3 4
-2 3839 4199 8038
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 9 14
1 - 366 1 TO 366 135 302 437

ru015re: If you have had only one period of depression, what is the unit for length of period when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873a
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3845 4211 8056
1 DAY 9 20 29
2 WEEK 19 39 58
3 MONTH 75 171 246
4 YEAR 32 72 104

ru016re: What is the average length of periods when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873b
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 0 2
-2 3820 4203 8023
-1 DON'T KNOW 20 35 55
1 - 2 79 140 219
3 - 4 27 66 93
5 - 30 27 59 86
32 - 366 5 10 15

ru017re: What is the unit for length of period when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873c
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3842 4238 8080
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 DAY 26 29 55
2 WEEK 64 88 152
3 MONTH 42 139 181
4 YEAR 6 18 24

ru018re: What is the usual length of time between the end of one period of depression to the beginning of the next?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873d
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 4 7
-2 3820 4203 8023
-1 DON'T KNOW 47 102 149
1 - 2 42 65 107
3 - 5 25 53 78
6 - 10 21 46 67
11 - 366 22 40 62

ru019re: What is the unit for usual length of time between the end of one period of depression to the beginning of the next?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 873e
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3870 4309 8179
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 4 4
1 DAY 6 5 11
2 WEEK 8 9 17
3 MONTH 24 38 62
4 YEAR 72 148 220

ru020re: What age were you the first time the you had a period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 871m, 871p, 868
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 3679 3889 7568
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 7 12
4 - 30 57 152 209
31 - 40 69 162 231
41 - 47 69 125 194
48 - 52 81 139 220
53 - 54 17 39 56
Note: If respondent only had one episode (RU013RE=1), then the age
in RU020RE is copied from RU004RE.

ru021re: What age were you the last time you had a period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 871t
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 3679 3889 7568
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 9 14
15 - 41 48 145 193
42 - 47 63 118 181
48 - 50 71 129 200
51 - 53 96 200 296
54 - 55 15 23 38
Note: If respondent only had one episode (RU013RE = 1), then age is from
RU020RE.

ru022re: Between any periods of two weeks or more of feeling sad, blue or depressed, were you feeling okay at least for some months?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 872f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 0 2
-2 3820 4203 8023
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 1 3
1 YES 156 305 461
2 NO 0 4 4

ru023re: Between any periods of two weeks or more of feeling sad, blue or depressed were you fully able to work and enjoy being with other people?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 872g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 2 0 2
-2 3820 4203 8023
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 0 2
1 YES 150 299 449
2 NO 6 11 17

ru024rec: Number of depression symptoms.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870a, 870b, 870c, 870d, 870e, 870f, 870g
Revisions: Updated 7/96, Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 refused, not ascertained 85 71 156
-2 1042 1247 2289
0 2503 2481 4984
1 one symptom 25 28 53
2 two symptoms 30 39 69
3 three symptoms 46 75 121
4 four symptoms 67 111 178
5 five symptoms 73 166 239
6 six symptoms 64 198 262
7 seven symptoms 45 97 142
Note: If a valid yes or no response is given for fewer then 4 of the 7 symptoms in ru006re, ru007re, ru008re, ru009re, ru010re, ru011re, ru012re then ru024rec is coded -3. Ru024rec is coded 0 if ru002re is coded 2. Rua24re indicates the number of valid responses.

rua24re: Number of valid responses for ru024rec.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 870a, 870b, 870c, 870d, 870e, 870f, 870g
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3518 3714 7232
0 83 71 154
3 2 0 2
4 1 2 3
5 5 9 14
6 32 65 97
7 339 652 991

ru025re: Have you ever drunk alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 80 63 143
-2 877 980 1857
1 YES 2899 3238 6137
2 NO 124 232 356

ru026re: During the last month on how many days did you drink any alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874f
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 83 64 147
-2 1001 1212 2213
-1 DON'T KNOW 16 9 25
0 657 948 1605
1 - 2 474 815 1289
3 - 5 543 686 1229
6 - 20 837 605 1442
22 - 31 369 174 543

ru027re: What is the average number of drinks you had on the days you consumed any alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks in the past month?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874m
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 1 6
-2 1757 2233 3990
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 5 20
1 629 1083 1712
2 893 857 1750
3 355 219 574
4 158 64 222
5 69 19 88
6 57 16 73
7 6 3 9
8 14 5 19
9 1 0 1
10 12 3 15
11 1 1 2
12 4 1 5
15 2 0 2
20 1 0 1
23 0 1 1
25 0 1 1
31 0 1 1
33 1 0 1

ru028re: Number of alcoholic drinks respondent had in the last month.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874f, 874m
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 5 1 6
-2 1757 2233 3990
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 5 20
1 - 3 350 720 1070
4 - 8 413 617 1030
9 - 20 579 572 1151
21 - 60 655 304 959
62 - 460 206 61 267

ru029re: Number of times you had 5 or more drinks on the same occasion during the last month.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 874s
Revisions: Updated 7/96     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 86 65 151
-2 1902 2605 4507
-1 DON'T KNOW 16 7 23
0 1215 1541 2756
1 235 117 352
2 204 80 284
3 88 30 118
4 83 31 114
5 44 14 58
6 19 3 22
7 6 0 6
8 15 4 19
9 2 0 2
10 31 8 39
12 3 0 3
15 8 2 10
16 1 0 1
20 10 1 11
25 3 0 3
28 0 2 2
30 4 2 6
31 5 1 6

ru030re: Have you ever felt bad or guilty about drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 86 62 148
-2 1001 1212 2213
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 YES 777 508 1285
2 NO 2115 2730 4845

ru031re: Have people ever annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 85 63 148
-2 1001 1212 2213
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 1 7
1 YES 438 189 627
2 NO 2450 3048 5498

ru032re: Has your drinking ever caused a problem at work?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876m

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 84 64 148
-2 1001 1212 2213
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 0 2
1 YES 106 27 133
2 NO 2787 3210 5997

ru033re: Has your drinking ever created problems between yourself and spouse, children, parents, or other near relatives?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 85 64 149
-2 1001 1212 2213
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 2 5
1 YES 433 304 737
2 NO 2458 2931 5389

ru034rec: Number of alcohol symptoms.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876, 876f, 876m, 876s, 878, 878a
Revisions: Updated 7/96,Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 refused, not ascertained 85 64 149
-2 877 980 1857
0 zero symptoms 2054 2762 4816
1 one symptom 482 485 967
2 two symptoms 207 122 329
3 three symptoms 135 55 190
4 four symptoms 91 30 121
5 five symptoms 49 15 64
Note: If a valid yes or no response is given for fewer than 3 of the 5 symptoms in ru030re, ru031re, ru032re, ru033re, ru035re, ru036re, then ru034rec is coded -3. Ru034rec is coded 0 if ru025re is coded 2. Rua34re indicates the number of valid responses.

rua34re: Number of valid responses for ru034rec.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 876, 876f, 876m, 876s, 878, 878a
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 1001 1212 2213
0 85 62 147
1 0 1 1
2 0 1 1
3 2 0 2
4 9 4 13
5 2883 3233 6116

ru035re: Have you ever gone to anyone for help about drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 85 64 149
-2 1001 1212 2213
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 YES 170 145 315
2 NO 2723 3092 5815

ru036re: If you have ever gone to anyone for help about drinking, was that about your drinking or someone else's drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3810 4368 8178
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 RESPONDENT 150 53 203
2 SOMEONE ELSE 14 82 96
3 RESPONDENT AND SOMEONE ELSE 6 9 15

ru037re: When you were growing up, did you ever live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 84 65 149
-2 877 980 1857
-1 DON'T KNOW 8 12 20
1 YES 552 760 1312
2 NO 2459 2696 5155

ru038re: Did you ever live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic, other than when you were growing up?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: 878s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 84 66 150
-2 877 980 1857
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 3 5
1 YES 186 663 849
2 NO 2831 2801 5632

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