WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Job History

First employer job spell (only/last):
      1975 employer or first employer after 1975 if unemployed in 1975

rf001j1 - rf004j1    Start and end dates with first employer and full-part
                     time.
rfu05j1 - rf021j1    Industry and occupation codes for first or only job with
                     first employer.
rf022j1 - rf030j1    Location, benefits, and job changes with first employer.
rf031j1 - rf032j1    Start date for last job with first employer and full-part
                     time.
rfu33j1 - rf048j1    Industry and occupation codes for last or only job with
                     first employer.
rf049j1 - rf053j1    Ending of employment with first employer.

Second employer job spell (second/last):
      First post-1975 employer (or second employer after 1975 if unemployed
      in 1975)

rf001j2 - rf004j2    Start and end dates with second employer and full-part
                     time.
rfu05j2 - rf021j2    Industry and occupation codes for first or only job with
                     second employer.
rf022j2 - rf030j2    Location, benefits, and job changes with second
                     employer.
rf031j2 - rf032j2    Start date for last job with second employer and full-part
                     time.
rfu33j2 - rf048j2    Industry and occupation codes for last or only job with
                     second employer.
rf049j2 - rf053j2    Ending of employment with second employer.

NOTE:   If a respondent worked for more than 4 employers for six months
        or longer, the jobs held between the second employer and the next
        to last (third) are skipped.

        EMPLOYER SPELLS WILL CONTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT
        EMPLOYER SPELLS OF 6 MONTHS OR LONGER UNLESS THE
        SPELL IS THE LAST IN THE SEQUENCE OF SPELLS, AND THE
        RESPONDENT HAD BEEN IN THIS LAST SPELL LESS THAN
        6 MONTHS AT THE TIME OF THE INTERVIEW.

Third employer job spell (third/next to last/last):

rf001j3 - rf004j3    Start and end dates with third employer and full-part
                     time.
rfu05j3 - rf021j3    Industry and occupation codes for first or only job
                     with third employer.
rf022j3 - rf030j3    Location, benefits, and job changes with third
                     employer.
rf031j3 - rf032j3    Start date for last job with third employer and full-
                     part time.
rfu33j3 - rf048j3    Industry and occupation codes for last or only job
                     with third employer.
rf049j3 - rf053j3    Ending of employment with third employer.


Fourth employer job spell (fourth/next to last/last):
        Fourth job

rf001j4 - rf004j4    Start and end dates with fourth employer and full-
                     part time.
rfu05j4 - rf021j4    Industry and occupation codes for first or only job
                     with fourth employer.
rf022j4 - rf030j4    Location, benefits, and job changes with fourth
                     employer.
rf031j4 - rf032j4    Start date for last job with fourth employer and full-
                     part time.
rfu33j4 - rf048j4    Industry and occupation codes for last or only job
                     with fourth employer.
rf049j4 - rf053j4    Ending of employment with fourth employer.

Current/last employer and job:

NOTE:   For the majority of individuals the most recent employer/job has
        already been described in J1-J4  If a respondent worked for 4 or
        more employers for 6 months or longer and the last/current job
        was held for less than 6 months, all four employer spells would
        contain data for four > 6 month employers and the current/last
        employer would contain the < 6 month employer information.

IF PATTERN = 12 OR 21 USE ii VARIABLES ELSE J4, J3, J2, J1.

rf001jc - rf004jc    Start and end dates with current/last employer and
                     full-part time.
rfu05jc - rf021jc    Industry and occupation codes for first or only job
                     with current/last employer.
rf022jc - rf030jc    Location, benefits, and job changes with current/last
                     employer.
rf031jc - rf032jc    Start date for last job with current/last employer and
                     full-part time.
rfu33jc - rf048jc    Industry and occupation codes for last or only job
                     with current/last employer.
rf049jc - rf053jc    Ending of employment with current/last employer.
rf054jc              Tenure with current/last employer.

rf001j1c: Century month respondent began first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, bb29, cc93, dd0a, z2f, ddyy, dmm, CMJXCR
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 17 13 30
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 11 63 74
546 - 1126 CENTURY MONTHS 3933 4099 8032
Note: The date for starting first or only job with an employer may be
the same as last or only job, even if there was a change in dates,
because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf002j1c: Century month respondent stopped first employer job spell. Refers to all consecutive work for the first employer.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc71, dd71
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 4 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 13 76 89
0 STILL WORKING AT FIRST JOB SPELL 1831 1307 3138
1 EXPECT TO RESUME SAME SEASONAL JOB AT SAME EMPLOYER NEXT WORK SEASON 4 4 8
2 STILL WORKING THERE BUT NO LONGER MAIN JOB 17 27 44
906 - 1122 CENTURY MONTHS 2094 2757 4851
Note: We do not ask about the end of each job but about the end of an
employment spell with an employer.

rf003j1c: Why did respondent begin working for first employer, in or after 1975?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd0e, ii0e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RESPONDENT STILL WORKING AT 1975 JOB, RF001JS >= 13) 3605 2485 6090
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 7 7
1 BETTER PAY 34 14 48
2 BETTER BENEFITS/INSURANCE/TO MAINTAIN BENEFITS 0 11 11
3 CONVENIENT LOCATION, LIKED LOCATION 6 35 41
4 WANTED FULL-TIME WORK 0 9 9
5 WANTED PART-TIME WORK 1 55 56
6 HIRED FOR SEASONAL WORK ONLY/ TEMPORARY/IN BETWEEN JOBS 1 2 3
7 SOUGHT MORE CHALLENGING OR DIFFERENT WORK 9 16 25
8 STARTED OWN BUSINESS 25 53 78
9 SELF-FULFILLMENT; TO FULFILL A PERSONAL INTEREST 25 136 161
10 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH FAMILY OBLIGATIONS 2 35 37
11 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH HEALTH (PHYSICAL OR MENTAL) LIMITATIONS, INCLUDING STRESS, ANXIETY, ETC. 2 3 5
12 RETURNED TO WORK; CHILDREN NO LONGER NEEDED CARE 0 143 143
13 TO AVOID BOREDOM OR IDLENESS/ SOMETHING TO DO 1 172 173
14 WAS RECRUITED/ENCOURAGED TO APPLY 7 23 30
15 ELECTED/APPOINTED/PROMOTED TO POSITION 2 4 6
16 HIRED THROUGH UNION 3 0 3
17 OFFERED JOB AFTER VOLUNTEERING OR DOING TEMPORARY WORK AT EMPLOYER 1 35 36
18 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, OR EDUCATION 17 49 66
19 EDUCATION ENDED AND NEEDED JOB 5 20 25
20 RELOCATED/ASSIGNED/TRANSFERRED TO NEW AREA 9 15 24
21 WAS OFFERED JOB, UNSPECIFIED 27 84 111
22 WAS UNEMPLOYED/LAID OFF AND NEEDED A JOB 34 27 61
23 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY MEDICAL EXPENSES 0 4 4
24 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES, WORK 1 41 42
25 FINANCIAL: SPOUSE UNEMPLOYED, RECENTLY MARRIED, NEED FOR DUAL INCOME 0 30 30
26 APPLIED FOR JOB AND HIRED/GOT THE JOB, UNSPECIFIED 39 103 142
27 NEEDED MONEY, WANTED EXTRA MONEY (UNSPECIFIED) 40 392 432
28 OTHER 4 4 8
29 CHANGED JOBS 5 0 5
30 LIKED ATMOSPHERE, LIKED PEOPLE, LIKED ENVIRONMENT, LIKED JOB 0 2 2
31 WANTED TO WORK, WANTED TO START WORKING AGAIN (UNSPECIFIED) 2 39 41
32 NEEDED ON THE FARM 0 2 2
33 FINANCIAL: DEATH/ILLNESS OF SPOUSE 0 4 4
34 INDEPENDENCE, ABILITY TO SUPPORT SELF IF NECESSARY, ANTICIPATING DIVORCE OR DEATH OF SPOUSE 0 8 8
35 MORE DESIRABLE/FLEXIBLE HOURS (DAYTIME HOURS, NO WEEKENDS, LESS/MORE HOURS) 0 6 6
36 GOOD OPPORTUNITY (ADVANCEMENT, TRAINING, EXPERIENCE)/A BETTER JOB/ COMPANY HAS GOOD REPUTATION 17 9 26
37 SINGLE PARENT, DIVORCED, OR SEPARATED 0 18 18
38 KEEP SKILLS UP 0 1 1
39 FELLOWSHIP/GRANT FUNDED 0 2 2
40 KNEW SOMEONE WHO WORKED THERE, KNEW OWNER, HAD EXPERIENCE WITH ORGANIZATION 3 19 22
41 FORMER EMPLOYER OUT OF BUSINESS, SOLD, BANKRUPT, TAKEN OVER, MERGER 2 5 7
42 FAMILY OWNED BUSINESS, OWNED STOCK 0 14 14
43 WORK FOR COMPANY/BUSINESS BEFORE 0 3 3
44 RECALLED FROM LAYOFF 3 0 3
45 LIKED SIZE/TYPE OF COMPANY (PRIVATE/ CORPORATE, LARGE/SMALL) 0 3 3
46 PROMISE OF CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT/ STEADY WORK/SECURITY/PERFORMANCE 3 1 4
47 SPOUSE/FAMILY WANTED R TO WORK 0 3 3
48 WANTED TO HELP/SOMEONE IN NEED 0 1 1
49 NEEDED PEOPLE, COMPANY WAS EXPANDING 0 11 11
50 LEFT OLD JOB (MISCELLANEOUS) 3 1 4
51 NOTHING ELSE AVAILABLE/FIRST CHOICE NOT AVAILABLE 5 4 9
53 JOB WAS AVAILABLE 3 9 12
54 LESS TRAVEL 1 0 1
55 MOVED 0 2 2
56 MORE TRAVEL 1 0 1
57 TO AVOID BEING TRANSFERRED OR RELOCATED 1 0 1
58 RETIRED/RETIRED FROM MILITARY/ FOUND ANOTHER JOB 12 1 13
Note: 1975 respondents who were working in 1975 (RF001JS >= 13) were not
asked this question about their 1975 employment spell.

rf004j1c: Was first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975, full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc10, dd10, ii10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 0 4 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 34 38
1 FULL-TIME 3922 2639 6561
2 PART-TIME 35 1498 1533
Note: Full-time means 35 hours or more per week.

rfu05j1c: 1970 Census detailed industry code for first or only job, in or after 1975, in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, cc15, dd15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf005j1c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 3957 4167 8124
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu06j1c: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, cc01, cc05, dd01, dd05, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf006j1c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 3956 4171 8127
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu07j1d: Class of worker code for first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J1C, cc25, cc30, cc40, z2d, zz30, zz40, zz7q, dd25, dd30, dd40, ii25, ii30, ii40
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf007j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 2 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 20 24
1 Private company, business or individual for wages, salary or commission 2725 2807 5532
2 Government employee (federal, state or local government) 711 861 1572
3 Own business or professional practice; incorporated 166 79 245
4 Own business or professional practice; not incorporated 340 333 673
5 Working without pay in a family business or farm 13 73 86
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu08j1d: 1970 Major industry code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J1C, RFU06J1C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf008j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 191 112 303
2 Mining 18 4 22
3 Construction 293 46 339
4 Manufacturing 1397 553 1950
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 294 117 411
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 483 967 1450
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 211 274 485
8 Business And Repair Services 141 123 264
9 Personal Services 44 209 253
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 16 35 51
11 Public Administration 282 126 408
12 Professional And Related Services 587 1601 2188
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu09j1e: 1970 Major occupation code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J1C, RFU06J1C, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf009j1e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 75 70 145
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 948 856 1804
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 588 236 824
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 171 111 282
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 228 80 308
6 Sales: Retail Trade 56 239 295
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 223 1424 1647
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 342 25 367
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 175 3 178
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 214 37 251
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 356 248 604
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 169 83 252
13 Service Occupations 153 627 780
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 36 9 45
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 50 34 84
16 Farm Operators & Managers 144 61 205
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 23 28 51
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa10j1e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J1C, RFU06J1C, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
0015 - 0995 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 3951 4171 8122
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb10j1e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J1C, RFU06J1C, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
0002 - 0877 1970 INCOME SCORE 3951 4171 8122
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu10j1e: 1970 Duncan SEI score for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J1C, RFU06J1C, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf010j1e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
020 - 960 1970 DUNCAN SEI 3951 4171 8122
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu11j1e: 1970 Siegel prestige score for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J1C, RFU06J1C, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99, Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf011j1e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 3951 4171 8122
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu12j1d: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J1C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf012j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
1162 - 8865 1970 MSEI2 3951 4171 8122
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu13j1d: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J1C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf013j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 24 338 362
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
1432 - 9045 1970 TSEI2 3951 4171 8122
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf014j1d: 1990 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or afer 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, cc15, dd15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
010 - 960 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 3957 4167 8124
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

rf015j1d: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, cc01, cc05, dd01, dd05, ii01, ii05, RFU06J1C
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
003 - 904 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 3956 4171 8127
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf016j1e: 1990 Major industry code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, cc15, dd15, ii15, RF014J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J1D = 997 or 999) 4 8 12
-2 19 338 357
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 192 110 302
2 Mining 18 4 22
3 Construction 295 46 341
4 Manufacturing 1397 553 1950
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 334 121 455
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 483 968 1451
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 209 274 483
8 Business And Repair Services 122 117 239
9 Personal Services 40 159 199
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 21 37 58
11 Public Administration 239 119 358
12 Professional And Related Services 600 1658 2258
13 Active Duty Military 7 1 8
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf017j1e: 1990 Major occupation code for first or only job in first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, z2d, zz30, zz40, cc01, cc05, cc15, cc25, cc30, cc40, dd01, dd05, dd15, dd25, dd30, dd40, ii01, ii05, ii15, ii25, ii30, ii40, RF014J1D, RF015J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J1D or RF015J1D = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 65 66 131
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 820 867 1687
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 606 243 849
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 117 67 184
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 282 99 381
6 Sales: Retail Trade 152 438 590
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 218 1301 1519
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 330 55 385
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 178 1 179
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 226 30 256
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 370 211 581
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 181 67 248
13 Service Occupations 153 575 728
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 27 19 46
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 34 37 71
16 Farm Operators & Managers 148 64 212
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 45 31 76
18 Military Occupations 4 0 4
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded military on this variable.

rf018j1e: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for first or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, zz7q, cc01, cc05, dd01, dd05, ii01, ii05, RF015J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 3952 4171 8123
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 4 0 4
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded military on this variable.

rf019j1e: 1990 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in first employer, in or after 1975, job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J1D, RF014J1D, RF015J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J1D or RF015J1D = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 23 338 361
0000 - 0999 1990 Education score 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf020j1e: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for first or only job in first employer, in or after 1975, job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J1D, RF014J1D, RF015J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J1D or RF015J1D = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 23 338 361
0037 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf021j1d: City of first employer job spell, in or after 1975.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J1C, bb11, cc45, dd47, ii47
Revisions: Added 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF022J1C = 997 or 999) 17 47 64
-2 19 338 357
0002 - 2511 CITY CODES 3944 4128 8072
Note: See Appendix F, Cor685 for coding schema

rf022j1c: State where first employer job spell, in or after 1975, was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, bb11, cc50, dd50, ii50, CPST, ST75
Revisions: Updated 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 6 8
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
1 Alabama 5 4 9
2 Alaska 7 3 10
3 Arizona 29 33 62
4 Arkansas 3 5 8
5 California 154 141 295
6 Colorado 36 56 92
7 Connecticut 3 12 15
8 Delaware 3 2 5
9 Washington, D.C. 14 9 23
10 Florida 39 53 92
11 Georgia 14 15 29
12 Hawaii 0 1 1
13 Idaho 5 5 10
14 Illinois 213 205 418
15 Indiana 23 22 45
16 Iowa 41 36 77
17 Kansas 2 6 8
18 Kentucky 7 5 12
19 Louisiana 7 4 11
20 Maine 2 2 4
21 Maryland 10 14 24
22 Massachusetts 6 17 23
23 Michigan 57 43 100
24 Minnesota 228 180 408
25 Mississippi 3 8 11
26 Missouri 24 23 47
27 Montana 7 3 10
28 Nebraska 9 9 18
29 Nevada 5 2 7
30 New Hampshire 3 0 3
31 New Jersey 16 20 36
32 New Mexico 14 10 24
33 New York 36 28 64
34 North Carolina 14 10 24
35 North Dakota 2 4 6
36 Ohio 24 25 49
37 Oklahoma 7 11 18
38 Oregon 22 16 38
39 Pennsylvania 19 17 36
40 Rhode Island 1 2 3
41 South Carolina 3 4 7
42 South Dakota 4 3 7
43 Tennessee 8 5 13
44 Texas 31 36 67
45 Utah 3 5 8
46 Vermont 2 1 3
47 Virginia 19 30 49
48 Washington 38 15 53
49 West Virginia 2 0 2
50 Wisconsin 2713 2978 5691
51 Wyoming 3 5 8
53 Australia 0 1 1
55 Belgium 0 1 1
57 Brazil 1 0 1
59 Canada 5 8 13
61 Chile 1 0 1
65 France 2 0 2
66 Germany 3 2 5
68 Greece 0 1 1
69 Guam 0 1 1
72 Iran 0 1 1
74 Jamaica 0 1 1
77 Korea 1 0 1
78 Netherlands (Holland) 1 0 1
79 New Guinea 1 0 1
83 Phillipines 0 1 1
85 Saudi Arabia 1 0 1
86 Spain 0 1 1
91 Uganda 0 1 1
93 Virgin Islands 1 2 3
106 India 0 1 1
996 OTHER 1 2 3

rf023j1c: Did respondent belong to a labor union during first employer, in or after 1975, job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc55, dd56, 298s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 1 5 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 11 14
1 YES 1234 552 1786
2 NO 2723 3607 6330
Note: This question was only asked for the first job. A slightly
different question about union status was asked about the
current/last job, and can be found in variable RF023JCC;

rf024j1c: Did respondent's father or family head belong to a labor union when respondent was about 16 years old?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc57, dd57

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF001JS = 1, 2) 24 347 371
-1 DON'T KNOW 104 207 311
1 YES 1291 1242 2533
2 NO 2561 2717 5278
Note: If respondent did not work or held only one job since 1975 for
less than six months (RF001JS = 1, 2), this question was not
asked. This question was only asked during the first employment
spell section.

rf025j1d: Was father/head of household's labor union the same union as the respondent's during the first employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF023J1C, RF024J1C, cc63, dd63

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3454 4333 7787
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 8 12
1 YES 91 11 102
2 NO 431 161 592
Note: If respondent did not work or held only one job since 1975 for
less than six months (RF001JS = 2), this question was not asked.
This question was only asked during the first employment spell
section.

rf026j1c: Does company in first employer job spell offer a pension or retirement plan?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc67, dd67, ii67

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 2 4 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 26 50 76
1 YES 2867 1727 4594
2 NO 1066 2394 3460

rf027j1c: Does company in first employer job spell offer health insurance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc68, dd68, ii68
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 2 5 7
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 14 76 90
1 YES 3422 2156 5578
2 NO 523 1938 2461

rf028j1c: While working at first employer job spell, did respondent take any training or classes that could help him/her to find another job?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc69, dd69, ii69

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 0 5 5
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 8 7 15
1 YES 643 506 1149
2 NO 3310 3657 6967

rf029j1d: Type of job respondent thought training in first employer job spell could help to find.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF028J1C, cc70, dd70, ii70

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3337 4007 7344
0 R HAD TRAINING BUT OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS NEVER CODED! 643 506 1149
Note: Typical responses, in order of frequency, are: to gain computer
training, to get into management/administration, to enhance job
performance, to get into teaching, to get into social service
work, and to improve secretarial/clerical skills.

rf030j1c: Did respondent ever have a change in his/her most important job activities or duties during first employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc25, cc73, dd25, dd73
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (SELF-EMPLOYED, cc25 or dd25 = 3) 473 398 871
-2 21 344 365
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 7 11
1 YES 1285 970 2255
2 NO 2197 2794 4991
Note: If respondent reported status as self-employed (cc25 or dd25=3),
this question was not asked (RF030J1C = 9).
If respondent held only one job since 1975 for less than six
months (RF001JS = 2), this question was not asked (RF030J1C = 8).

rf031j1d: Century month respondent started last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF001J1C, RF030J1C, cc85, dd85
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 18 17 35
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 33 97 130
546 - 1126 CENTURY MONTHS 3910 4061 7971
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.
The date for starting last or only job with an employer may be the
same as first or only job, even if there was a change in dates,
because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf032j1d: Whether last or only job in first employer job spell, on or after 1975, was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF004J1C, RF030J1C, cc83, dd83, ii10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 5 7
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 29 32
1 FULL-TIME 3911 2751 6662
2 PART-TIME 45 1390 1435
Note: Full-time means 35 hours or more per week.

rfu33j1d: 1970 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J1C, zz7q, cc15, cc73, dd15, dd73, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf033j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 3957 4167 8124
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable
construction.

rfu34j1d: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J1C, RF030J1C, cc73, cc79, cc81, dd73, dd79, dd81, ii79, ii81
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf034j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 3956 4171 8127
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu35j1e: 1970 Major industry code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J1D, RFU34J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf035j1e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 191 112 303
2 Mining 18 4 22
3 Construction 293 46 339
4 Manufacturing 1397 553 1950
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 294 117 411
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 483 967 1450
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 211 274 485
8 Business And Repair Services 141 123 264
9 Personal Services 44 209 253
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 16 35 51
11 Public Administration 282 126 408
12 Professional And Related Services 587 1601 2188
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer but since the 1970 major industry variable uses both
industry and occupation, it must be recalculated using the last or
only occupation code. See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of
major industry, major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu36j1f: 1970 Major occupation code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J1D, RFU34J1D, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf036j1f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 75 70 145
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 878 854 1732
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 781 393 1174
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 171 109 280
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 215 88 303
6 Sales: Retail Trade 54 214 268
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 217 1340 1557
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 338 34 372
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 168 3 171
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 204 41 245
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 303 226 529
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 154 79 233
13 Service Occupations 153 591 744
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 35 9 44
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 39 33 72
16 Farm Operators & Managers 147 62 209
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 20 25 45
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa37j1e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J1D, RFU34J1D, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
0015 - 0995 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb37j1e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J1D, RFU34J1D, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
0002 - 0877 1970 INCOME SCORE 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu37j1f: 1970 Duncan SEI score for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J1D, RFU34J1D, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf037j1f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
020 - 960 1970 DUNCAN SEI 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR 713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu38j1f: 1970 Siegel prestige score for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J1D, RFU34J1D, RFU07J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf038j1f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR 713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu39j1e: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf039j1e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
1162 - 8865 1970 MSEI2 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu40j1e: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J1D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf040j1e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 23 338 361
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
1398 - 9045 1970 TSEI2 3952 4171 8123
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR 713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf041j1e: 1990 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF014J1D, zz7q, cc15, dd15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 0 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
010 - 960 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 3957 4167 8124
Note: Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable
construction.

rf042j1e: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF030J1C, RF001JS, RF015J1D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
003 - 904 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 3956 4171 8127
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf043j1f: 1990 Major industry code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF041J1E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J1E = 997 or 999) 4 8 12
-2 19 338 357
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 192 110 302
2 Mining 18 4 22
3 Construction 295 46 341
4 Manufacturing 1397 553 1950
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 334 121 455
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 483 968 1451
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 209 274 483
8 Business And Repair Services 122 117 239
9 Personal Services 40 159 199
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 21 37 58
11 Public Administration 239 119 358
12 Professional And Related Services 600 1658 2258
13 Active Duty Military 7 1 8
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

Major industry code is always the same for first and last job with
the same employer. See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding
instructions.

rf044j1f: 1990 Major occupation code for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J1D, RF041J1E, RF042J1E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J1E or RF042J1E = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 65 66 131
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 752 850 1602
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 785 380 1165
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 117 67 184
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 276 106 382
6 Sales: Retail Trade 154 421 575
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 219 1234 1453
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 331 58 389
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 177 1 178
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 214 35 249
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 311 200 511
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 166 66 232
13 Service Occupations 146 544 690
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 27 15 42
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 25 35 60
16 Farm Operators & Managers 150 65 215
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 38 28 66
18 Military Occupations 3 0 3
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded military on this variable.

rf045j1f: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF042J1E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 0 4
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 4 5
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 3953 4171 8124
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 3 0 3
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded military on this variable.

rf046j1f: 1990 Occupational Education Score for the last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J1D, RF041J1E, RF042J1E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J1E or RF042J1E = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
0000 - 0999 1990 Education score 3953 4171 8124
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf047j1f: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for the last or only job in first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J1D, RF041J1E, RF042J1E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J1E or RF042J1E = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
0037 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 3953 4171 8124
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

VARIABLE NAME RF048 IS NOT USED IN THIS RELEASE.

rf049j1d: Respondent started new job before leaving first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc92, dd92
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 2 5 7
-2 1854 1649 3503
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 12 15
1 YES 704 768 1472
2 NO 1417 2079 3496

rfu50j1d: The main reason that respondent left first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc92, cc9n, cc9b, cc9c, cc9d, cc9h, dd92, dd9n, dd9b, dd9c, dd9d, dd9h
Revisions: Replacement 10/05      Archived variable: rf050j1d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 11 25 36
-2 1854 1649 3503
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 7 13
0 RETIREMENT 134 45 179
1 OTHER WORK RELATED REASON 345 443 788
2 PARTICIPANT, SPOUSE, OR FIANCE TRANSFERRED OR TOOK NEW JOB 5 187 192
3 NO LONGER NEEDED THE INCOME 2 11 13
4 FOUND NEW JOB OR CHANGED JOBS 629 642 1271
5 NEEDED/WANTED/LOOKED FOR ANOTHER JOB 96 143 239
6 STARTED (OWN) BUSINESS OR BECAME PARTNER IN A BUSINESS 105 43 148
7 SOLD (OWN) BUSINESS OR FARMLAND 4 5 9
8 DISTANCE TO JOB WAS TOO FAR OR INCONVENIENT 0 1 1
10 WANTED TO WORK PART-TIME OR NOT AS MUCH 1 3 4
11 CHANGED SCHOOLS 0 1 1
12 JOINED OR STARTED FAMILY BUSINESS 2 2 4
13 TO TAKE A (DIFFERENT) SEASONAL JOB 0 2 2
15 TO DO AN INTERNSHIP OR TRAVEL ON A GRANT 1 1 2
20 OTHER FAMILY REASON 37 145 182
21 TO STAY HOME OR TAKE CARE OF HOUSE/CHILDREN 4 67 71
22 TO GET MARRIED, HAVE CHILDREN, OR RAISE FAMILY 4 137 141
23 MOVED OR RELOCATED 60 116 176
24 OTHER RELATIVE'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 7 62 69
25 WANTED TO DO SOMETHING ELSE OR TOOK TIME OFF 19 38 57
26 SPOUSE RETIRED OR WANTED TO RETIRE 0 13 13
27 WENT/RETURNED TO SCHOOL 18 68 86
28 SPOUSE'S ILLNESS, HEALTH REASON, OR DEATH 1 30 31
29 TO BABYSIT GRANDCHILDREN (WITH OR WITHOUT PAY) 0 4 4
30 TO DO VOLUNTEER WORK 0 4 4
31 TRAVEL, VACATION, SABBATICAL 3 8 11
32 OTHER 0 5 5
33 ECONOMIC/FINANCIAL REASONS OR BANKRUPTCY 8 11 19
36 TO ENTER A SEMINARY OR SIMILAR INSTITUTION 2 0 2
37 FOR RELIGIOUS REASONS (SUCH AS BECOMING A MISSIONARY) 0 2 2
40 BUSINESS CLOSED 374 347 721
43 OTHER INVOLUNTARY TERMINATION 106 78 184
44 TEMPORARY/SEASONAL LAY-OFF 23 31 54
45 BUSINESS WAS SOLD, BOUGHT OUT, OR CHANGED OWNERS 1 0 1
46 TEMPORARY JOB ENDED, CONTRACT COMPLETED 5 4 9
47 LOST BUSINESS OR FARM 2 1 3
49 STRIKE 11 1 12
60 PARTICIPANT'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 97 127 224
61 CALLED TO ACTIVE MILITARY DUTY 2 3 5
62 NEEDED DEGREE OR DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH TRAINING 0 1 1
63 IMPRISONED, SENT TO JAIL 1 0 1

rf051j1e: Health problem for graduate or a family member that caused respondent to leave first employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, RF050J1D, cc9g, cc9e, cc9f, dd9g, dd9e, dd9f
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (ONGOING HEALTH PROBLEM, see NOTE) 63 77 140
-2 3876 4297 8173
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
301 - 411 HEALTH PROBLEM CODES 41 138 179
Note: See Appendix M - COR483h for list of health problem codes. Due
to an error in branching in the data collection instrument, this
question was not asked if the respondent's health problem was
"ongoing" (RF052J1E = 0000, N=107) or if the respondent answered
"don't know" (RF052J1E = 9997, N=8) to the question regarding
duration of this health problem. To determine whose health
condition is coded in RF051J1E, refer to RF050J1D.

rf052j1e: Length of time respondent's health problem with first employer lasted.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, RF050J1D, cc9e, cc9f, dd9e, dd9f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 7 6 13
-2 3883 4386 8269
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 7 8
0 CONDITION STILL ONGOING 54 53 107
1 ONE WEEK OR LESS 1 2 3
0002 - 1300 NUMBER OF WEEKS 34 59 93
Note: This question was only asked about the graduate's health
problem.

rf053j1d: Could respondent have remained at first employer job spell for another 6 months?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc9i, cc9h, cc9e, dd9i, dd9h, dd9e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 65 73 138
-2 1854 1649 3503
-1 DON'T KNOW 17 19 36
1 YES 1472 2104 3576
2 NO 572 668 1240
Note: If involuntary termination, temporary layoff, or seasonal layoff
was the reason for leaving first employment spell (cc9h or
dd9h=2,4,5), then RF053J1D = 2;
If the health condition which caused the respondent to leave the
first employment spell is ongoing (RF052J1E = 0), then this
question was not asked (RF053J1D = 9).

rf001j2c: Century month respondent began second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, bb29, cc93, dd0a, ee0a, dyy, dmm, dd93
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 2 7
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 10 34 44
906 - 1124 CENTURY MONTHS 1946 2522 4468
Note: The date for starting first or only job with an employer may be
the same as last or only job, even if there was a change in
dates, because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf002j2c: Century month respondent stopped second employer job spell. Refers to all consecutive work for the second employer.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd71, ee71
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 1 5
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 24 29
0 STILL WORKING AT SECOND JOB SPELL 925 994 1919
1 EXPECT TO RESUME SAME SEASONAL JOB AT SAME EMPLOYER NEXT WORK SEASON 4 4 8
2 STILL WORKING THERE BUT NO LONGER MAIN JOB 6 12 18
906 - 1122 CENTURY MONTHS 1017 1523 2540
Note: We do not ask about the end of each job but about the end of an
employment spell with an employer.

rf003j2c: Why did respondent begin working for second employer at that time?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, cc9b, cc9c, dd0e, dd9b, dd9c, ee0e, ii0e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 49 58 107
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 5 8
1 BETTER PAY 28 51 79
2 BETTER BENEFITS/INSURANCE/TO MAINTAIN BENEFITS 16 26 42
3 CONVENIENT LOCATION, LIKED LOCATION 23 63 86
4 WANTED FULL-TIME WORK 8 29 37
5 WANTED PART-TIME WORK 4 63 67
6 HIRED FOR SEASONAL WORK ONLY/ TEMPORARY/IN BETWEEN JOBS 1 10 11
7 SOUGHT MORE CHALLENGING OR DIFFERENT WORK 66 78 144
8 STARTED OWN BUSINESS 269 121 390
9 SELF-FULFILLMENT; TO FULFILL A PERSONAL INTEREST 85 155 240
10 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH FAMILY OBLIGATIONS 3 31 34
11 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH HEALTH (PHYSICAL OR MENTAL) LIMITATIONS, INCLUDING STRESS, ANXIETY, ETC. 7 5 12
12 RETURNED TO WORK; CHILDREN NO LONGER NEEDED CARE 1 26 27
13 TO AVOID BOREDOM OR IDLENESS/ SOMETHING TO DO 24 86 110
14 WAS RECRUITED/ENCOURAGED TO APPLY 13 39 52
15 ELECTED/APPOINTED/PROMOTED TO POSITION 5 8 13
16 HIRED THROUGH UNION 15 0 15
17 OFFERED JOB AFTER VOLUNTEERING OR DOING TEMPORARY WORK AT EMPLOYER 5 20 25
18 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, OR EDUCATION 65 91 156
19 EDUCATION ENDED AND NEEDED JOB 3 19 22
20 RELOCATED/ASSIGNED/TRANSFERRED TO NEW AREA 28 52 80
21 WAS OFFERED JOB, UNSPECIFIED 118 126 244
22 WAS UNEMPLOYED/LAID OFF AND NEEDED A JOB 139 99 238
23 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY MEDICAL EXPENSES 0 1 1
24 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES, WORK 2 9 11
25 FINANCIAL: SPOUSE UNEMPLOYED, RECENTLY MARRIED, NEED FOR DUAL INCOME 0 13 13
26 APPLIED FOR JOB AND HIRED/GOT THE JOB, UNSPECIFIED 97 139 236
27 NEEDED MONEY, WANTED EXTRA MONEY (UNSPECIFIED) 136 253 389
28 OTHER 2 8 10
29 CHANGED JOBS 0 3 3
30 LIKED ATMOSPHERE, LIKED PEOPLE, LIKED ENVIRONMENT, LIKED JOB 3 12 15
31 WANTED TO WORK, WANTED TO START WORKING AGAIN (UNSPECIFIED) 6 43 49
32 NEEDED ON THE FARM 1 2 3
33 FINANCIAL: DEATH/ILLNESS OF SPOUSE 1 2 3
34 INDEPENDENCE, ABILITY TO SUPPORT SELF IF NECESSARY, ANTICIPATING DIVORCE OR DEATH OF SPOUSE 1 3 4
35 MORE DESIRABLE/FLEXIBLE HOURS (DAYTIME HOURS, NO WEEKENDS, LESS/MORE HOURS) 1 35 36
36 GOOD OPPORTUNITY (ADVANCEMENT, TRAINING, EXPERIENCE)/A BETTER JOB/ COMPANY HAS GOOD REPUTATION 524 510 1034
37 SINGLE PARENT, DIVORCED, OR SEPARATED 0 6 6
39 FELLOWSHIP/GRANT FUNDED 2 0 2
40 KNEW SOMEONE WHO WORKED THERE, KNEW OWNER, HAD EXPERIENCE WITH ORGANIZATION 10 31 41
41 FORMER EMPLOYER OUT OF BUSINESS, SOLD, BANKRUPT, TAKEN OVER, MERGER 35 27 62
42 FAMILY OWNED BUSINESS, OWNED STOCK 8 12 20
43 WORK FOR COMPANY/BUSINESS BEFORE 8 7 15
44 RECALLED FROM LAYOFF 2 0 2
45 LIKED SIZE/TYPE OF COMPANY (PRIVATE/ CORPORATE, LARGE/SMALL) 1 2 3
46 PROMISE OF CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT/ STEADY WORK/SECURITY/PERFORMANCE 8 8 16
47 SPOUSE/FAMILY WANTED R TO WORK 0 5 5
48 WANTED TO HELP/SOMEONE IN NEED 0 6 6
49 NEEDED PEOPLE, COMPANY WAS EXPANDING 5 17 22
50 LEFT OLD JOB (MISCELLANEOUS) 14 5 19
51 NOTHING ELSE AVAILABLE/FIRST CHOICE NOT AVAILABLE 13 7 20
52 CONTRACTED OR ASSIGNED WORK 3 4 7
53 JOB WAS AVAILABLE 17 21 38
54 LESS TRAVEL 1 1 2
55 MOVED 3 1 4
58 RETIRED/RETIRED FROM MILITARY/ FOUND ANOTHER JOB 2 0 2
59 LOOKING FOR A JOB 77 104 181
Note: A change was made during the interview process where respondents
who left their last job because they had found a better job
(cc9b,dd9b=1), were looking for a job (cc9b,dd9b=1), or because
they started their own business (cc9c,dd9c=2) were not asked
this question. If the respondent completed the interview before
this change was made, the data was kept (RF003J2C = sdd0e or
see0e). Otherwise, if found a better job then RF003J2C = 36, if
looking for a job then RF003J2C = 59, and if started own
business then RF003J2C = 8;

rf004j2c: Whether first or only job in second employer job spell was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd10, ee10, ii10
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 2 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 8 9
1 FULL-TIME 1871 1795 3666
2 PART-TIME 87 753 840
Note: Full-time means 35 hours or more per week.

rfu05j2c: 1970 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd15, ee15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf005j2c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 1956 2555 4511
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu06j2c: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd01, dd05, ee01, ee05, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf006j2c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 1958 2554 4512
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu07j2d: Class of worker code for second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J2C, dd25, dd30, dd40, ee25, ee30, ee40, ii25, ii30, ii40
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf007j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 11 11
1 Private company, business or individual for wages, salary or commission 1270 1817 3087
2 Government employee (federal, state or local government) 252 480 732
3 Own business or professional practice; incorporated 159 50 209
4 Own business or professional practice; not incorporated 270 171 441
5 Working without pay in a family business or farm 7 28 35
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu08j2d: 1970 Major industry code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J2C, RFU06J2C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf008j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 55 32 87
2 Mining 9 6 15
3 Construction 176 25 201
4 Manufacturing 492 330 822
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 126 67 193
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 366 588 954
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 159 214 373
8 Business And Repair Services 136 110 246
9 Personal Services 31 122 153
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 17 28 45
11 Public Administration 82 88 170
12 Professional And Related Services 307 945 1252
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu09j2e: 1970 Major occupation code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J2C, RFU06J2C, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf009j2e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 72 32 104
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 352 491 843
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 362 178 540
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 170 74 244
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 191 87 278
6 Sales: Retail Trade 42 122 164
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 84 931 1015
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 85 14 99
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 101 1 102
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 114 30 144
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 99 120 219
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 112 56 168
13 Service Occupations 75 379 454
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 10 3 13
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 45 16 61
16 Farm Operators & Managers 33 14 47
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 9 6 15
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa10j2e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J2C, RFU06J2C, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
0015 - 0995 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb10j2e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J2C, RFU06J2C, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
0002 - 0877 1970 INCOME SCORE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu10j2e: 1970 Duncan SEI score for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J2C, RFU06J2C, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf010j2e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
020 - 960 1970 DUNCAN SEI 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu11j2e: 1970 Siegel prestige score for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J2C, RFU06J2C, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf011j2e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR712 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu12j2d: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J2C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf012j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1180 - 8865 1970 MSEI2 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu13j2d: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J2C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf013j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1398 - 9045 1970 TSEI2 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf014j2d: 1990 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF014J2D, dd15, ee15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
010 - 952 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 1956 2555 4511
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

rf015j2d: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd01, dd05, ee01, ee05, ii01, ii05, RFU06J2C
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
003 - 905 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 1958 2554 4512
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf016j2e: 1990 Major industry code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd15, ee15, ii15, RF014J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J2D = 997 or 999) 5 3 8
-2 2019 1955 3974
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 55 30 85
2 Mining 9 6 15
3 Construction 179 25 204
4 Manufacturing 491 330 821
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 135 72 207
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 367 590 957
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 157 216 373
8 Business And Repair Services 112 92 204
9 Personal Services 28 103 131
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 18 30 48
11 Public Administration 73 85 158
12 Professional And Related Services 330 976 1306
13 Active Duty Military 2 0 2
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf017j2e: 1990 Major occupation code for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd01, dd05, dd15, dd25, dd30, dd40, ee01, ee05, ee15, ee25, ee30, ee40, ii01, ii05, ii15, ii25, ii30, ii40, RF014J2D, RF015J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J2D or RF015J2D = 997 or 999) 3 4 7
-2 2019 1955 3974
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 58 24 82
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 298 494 792
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 339 178 517
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 128 58 186
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 246 106 352
6 Sales: Retail Trade 108 223 331
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 78 865 943
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 92 33 125
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 104 1 105
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 115 21 136
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 94 93 187
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 119 39 158
13 Service Occupations 75 360 435
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 10 13 23
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 31 24 55
16 Farm Operators & Managers 35 14 49
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 26 8 34
18 Military Occupations 2 0 2
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf018j2e: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd01, dd05, ee01, ee05, ii01, ii05, RF015J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 1956 2554 4510
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 2 0 2
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf019j2e: 1990 Occupational Education Score for respondent's first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RF014J2D, RF015J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J2D or RF015J2D = 997 or 999) 3 4 7
-2 2021 1955 3976
0000 - 0999 1990 Education score 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf020j2e: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for respondent's first or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RF014J2D, RF015J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J2D or RF015J2D = 997 or 999) 3 4 7
-2 2021 1955 3976
0039 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf021j2d: City where second employer job spell was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J2C, bb11, cc45, dd47, ii47
Revisions: Added 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF022J2C = 997 or 999) 32 31 63
-2 2019 1955 3974
0002 - 2511 CITY CODES 1929 2527 4456
Note: See Appendix F, Cor685 for coding schema

rf022j2c: State where second employer job spell was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J1C, dd46, dd50 ee46, ee50, ii46, ii50
Revisions: Updated 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 3 8
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 Alabama 4 3 7
2 Alaska 7 2 9
3 Arizona 25 46 71
4 Arkansas 7 2 9
5 California 102 112 214
6 Colorado 32 37 69
7 Connecticut 9 4 13
8 Delaware 0 1 1
9 Washington, D.C. 10 6 16
10 Florida 37 51 88
11 Georgia 18 12 30
12 Hawaii 2 0 2
13 Idaho 4 6 10
14 Illinois 99 119 218
15 Indiana 10 17 27
16 Iowa 19 20 39
17 Kansas 4 5 9
18 Kentucky 2 3 5
19 Louisiana 4 3 7
20 Maine 1 2 3
21 Maryland 11 7 18
22 Massachusetts 6 17 23
23 Michigan 32 23 55
24 Minnesota 100 115 215
25 Mississippi 4 5 9
26 Missouri 14 11 25
27 Montana 7 5 12
28 Nebraska 5 6 11
29 Nevada 7 5 12
31 New Jersey 5 14 19
32 New Mexico 7 11 18
33 New York 18 23 41
34 North Carolina 14 11 25
35 North Dakota 1 0 1
36 Ohio 18 22 40
37 Oklahoma 5 9 14
38 Oregon 17 10 27
39 Pennsylvania 10 11 21
40 Rhode Island 1 2 3
41 South Carolina 7 2 9
42 South Dakota 3 5 8
43 Tennessee 6 4 10
44 Texas 36 37 73
45 Utah 8 4 12
46 Vermont 1 0 1
47 Virginia 11 16 27
48 Washington 28 21 49
49 West Virginia 2 1 3
50 Wisconsin 1171 1688 2859
51 Wyoming 0 4 4
59 Canada 0 6 6
65 France 1 0 1
66 Germany 2 2 4
68 Greece 0 1 1
77 Korea 0 1 1
82 Pakistan 0 1 1
88 Switzerland 1 0 1
93 Virgin Islands 0 1 1
996 OTHER 1 1 2
Note: RF023J2-RF025J2 variable names not used because labor union
questions not asked for second employer.

rf026j2c: Does company in second employer job spell offer a pension or retirement plan?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd67, ee67, ii67
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 30 37
1 YES 1086 1130 2216
2 NO 865 1395 2260

rf027j2c: Does company in second employer job spell offer health insurance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd68, ee68, ii68
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 11 33 44
1 YES 1455 1451 2906
2 NO 492 1071 1563

rf028j2c: While working at second employer job spell, did respondent take any training or classes that could help him/her to find another job?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd69, ee69, ii69
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 4 3 7
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
1 YES 181 346 527
2 NO 1774 2204 3978

rf029j2d: Type of job respondent thought training in second employer job spell could help to find.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF028J2C, dd70, ee71, ii70
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3799 4167 7966
0 R HAD TRAINING BUT OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS NEVER CODED! 181 346 527
Note: Typical responses, in order of frequency, are: to gain computer
training, to get into management/administration, to enhance job
performance, to get into teaching, to get into social service
work, and to improve secretarial/clerical skills.

rf030j2c: Did respondent ever have a change in his/her most important job activities or duties during second employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd25, dd73, ee25, ee73
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (SELF-EMPLOYED, dd25 or ee25 = 3) 409 214 623
-2 2045 1984 4029
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 YES 354 605 959
2 NO 1172 1708 2880
Note: If respondent's second job is the current job, and has held
current job for less than six months (RF001JS = 4,14), this
question was not asked (RF030J2C = 8).
If respondent reported status as self-employed (dd25 or ee25 =
3), this question was not asked (RF030J2C = 9).

rf031j2d: Century month respondent started last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF001J2C, RF030J2C, dd85, ee85
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 15 51 66
906 - 1124 CENTURY MONTHS 1942 2503 4445
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.
The date for starting last or only job with an employer may be
the same as first or only job, even if there was a change in
dates, because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf032j2d: Whether last or only job in second employer job spell was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF004J2C, RF030J2C, dd83, ee83, ii10
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 4 6
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 9 10
1 FULL-TIME 1869 1861 3730
2 PART-TIME 89 684 773
Note: Full-time means 35 hours or more per week. See Appendix E on
Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

rfu33j2d: 1970 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J2C, dd15, ee15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf033j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 1956 2555 4511
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable
Construction.

rfu34j2d: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF030J2C, RFU06J2C, dd73, dd79, dd81, ee73, ee79, ee81, ii79, ii81
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf034j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 1958 2554 4512
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu35j2e: 1970 Major industry code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J2D, RFU34J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf035j2e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 55 32 87
2 Mining 9 6 15
3 Construction 176 25 201
4 Manufacturing 492 330 822
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 126 67 193
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 366 588 954
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 159 214 373
8 Business And Repair Services 136 110 246
9 Personal Services 31 122 153
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 17 28 45
11 Public Administration 82 88 170
12 Professional And Related Services 307 945 1252
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer but since the 1970 major industry variable uses
both industry and occupation, it must be recalculated using the
last or only occupation code. See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for
Creation of major industry, major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu36j2f: 1970 Major occupation code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RFU33J2D, RFU34J2D
Revisions: Updated 9/99      Archived variable: rf036j2f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 72 32 104
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 329 499 828
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 426 277 703
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 171 73 244
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 180 89 269
6 Sales: Retail Trade 36 112 148
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 81 851 932
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 87 20 107
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 102 1 103
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 119 32 151
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 81 110 191
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 109 50 159
13 Service Occupations 70 368 438
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 12 3 15
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 39 17 56
16 Farm Operators & Managers 33 14 47
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 9 6 15
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa37j2e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J2D, RFU34J2D, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
0016 - 0995 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb37j2e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J2D, RFU34J2D, RFU07J2D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
0002 - 0842 1970 INCOME SCORE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu37j2f: 1970 Duncan SEI score for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RFU33J2D, RFU34J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf037j2f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
020 - 960 1970 DUNCAN SEI 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu38j2f: 1970 Siegel prestige score for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RFU33J2D, RFU34J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf038j2f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu39j2e: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf039j2e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1180 - 8865 1970 MSEI2 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu40j2e: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J2D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf040j2e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2021 1955 3976
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
1398 - 9045 1970 TSEI2 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf041j2e: 1990 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU33J2D, dd15, ee15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
010 - 952 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 1956 2555 4511
Note: Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable
Construction.

rf042j2e: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF030J2C, RFU06J2C, dd73, dd79, dd81, ee73, ee79, ee81, ii79, ii81
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
003 - 905 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 1958 2554 4512
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf043j2f: 1990 Major industry code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF041J2E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J2E = 997 or 999) 5 3 8
-2 2019 1955 3974
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 55 30 85
2 Mining 9 6 15
3 Construction 179 25 204
4 Manufacturing 491 330 821
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 135 72 207
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 367 590 957
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 157 216 373
8 Business And Repair Services 112 92 204
9 Personal Services 28 103 131
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 18 30 48
11 Public Administration 73 85 158
12 Professional And Related Services 330 976 1306
13 Active Duty Military 2 0 2
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

Major industry code is always the same for first and last job
with the same employer. See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed
coding instructions.

rf044j2f: 1990 Major occupation code for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RF041J2E, RF042J2E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J2E or RF042J2E = 997 or 999) 3 4 7
-2 2019 1955 3974
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 58 24 82
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 283 502 785
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 381 260 641
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 128 58 186
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 243 109 352
6 Sales: Retail Trade 106 218 324
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 76 798 874
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 90 36 126
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 105 1 106
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 119 23 142
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 82 88 170
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 118 39 157
13 Service Occupations 70 346 416
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 10 11 21
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 27 18 45
16 Farm Operators & Managers 36 14 50
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 24 9 33
18 Military Occupations 2 0 2
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf045j2f: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF042J2E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 2019 1955 3974
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 3 4
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 1956 2554 4510
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 2 0 2
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf046j2f: 1990 Occupational Education Score for the last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RF041J2E, RF042J2E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J2E or RF042J2E = 997 or 999) 3 4 7
-2 2021 1955 3976
0000 - 0999 1990 Education score 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf047j2f: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for the last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J2D, RF041J2E, RF042J2E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J2E or RF042J2E = 997 or 999) 3 4 7
-2 2021 1955 3976
0037 - 0851 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 1956 2554 4510
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

VARIABLE NAME RF048 IS NOT USED IN THIS RELEASE.

rf049j2d: Started new job before leaving second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J2C, dd92, ee92
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 4 1 5
-2 2948 2953 5901
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 4 7
1 YES 370 405 775
2 NO 655 1150 1805

rfu50j2d: The main reason that respondent left second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc92, cc9n, cc9b, cc9c, cc9d, cc9h, dd92, dd9n, dd9b, dd9c, dd9d, dd9h
Revisions: Replacement 10/05      Archived variable: rf050j2d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 335 247 582
-2 2948 2953 5901
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
0 RETIREMENT 11 20 31
1 OTHER WORK RELATED REASON 116 198 314
2 PARTICIPANT, SPOUSE, OR FIANCE TRANSFERRED OR TOOK NEW JOB 5 78 83
3 NO LONGER NEEDED THE INCOME 0 1 1
4 FOUND NEW JOB OR CHANGED JOBS 132 250 382
5 NEEDED/WANTED/LOOKED FOR ANOTHER JOB 35 67 102
6 STARTED (OWN) BUSINESS OR BECAME PARTNER IN A BUSINESS 34 23 57
7 SOLD (OWN) BUSINESS OR FARMLAND 1 7 8
8 DISTANCE TO JOB WAS TOO FAR OR INCONVENIENT 1 5 6
11 CHANGED SCHOOLS 0 1 1
12 JOINED OR STARTED FAMILY BUSINESS 0 1 1
16 TO START/END POLITICAL CAREER 4 0 4
20 OTHER FAMILY REASON 18 55 73
21 TO STAY HOME OR TAKE CARE OF HOUSE/CHILDREN 0 20 20
22 TO GET MARRIED, HAVE CHILDREN, OR RAISE FAMILY 0 31 31
23 MOVED OR RELOCATED 23 65 88
24 OTHER RELATIVE'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 10 21 31
25 WANTED TO DO SOMETHING ELSE OR TOOK TIME OFF 6 18 24
26 SPOUSE RETIRED OR WANTED TO RETIRE 0 8 8
27 WENT/RETURNED TO SCHOOL 7 37 44
28 SPOUSE'S ILLNESS, HEALTH REASON, OR DEATH 1 11 12
30 TO DO VOLUNTEER WORK 0 1 1
31 TRAVEL, VACATION, SABBATICAL 4 2 6
32 OTHER 0 5 5
33 ECONOMIC/FINANCIAL REASONS OR BANKRUPTCY 6 6 12
34 FOR PERSONAL PROBLEMS OR REASONS 1 0 1
37 FOR RELIGIOUS REASONS (SUCH AS BECOMING A MISSIONARY) 2 2 4
40 BUSINESS CLOSED 160 195 355
43 OTHER INVOLUNTARY TERMINATION 64 63 127
44 TEMPORARY/SEASONAL LAY-OFF 20 17 37
45 BUSINESS WAS SOLD, BOUGHT OUT, OR CHANGED OWNERS 0 2 2
46 TEMPORARY JOB ENDED, CONTRACT COMPLETED 1 2 3
47 LOST BUSINESS OR FARM 0 1 1
49 STRIKE 1 0 1
60 PARTICIPANT'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 30 93 123
61 CALLED TO ACTIVE MILITARY DUTY 1 1 2
62 NEEDED DEGREE OR DID NOT HAVE ENOUGH TRAINING 1 1 2

rf051j2e: Health problem for respondent or a family member that caused respondent to leave second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J2C, RF050J2D, dd9e, dd9f, dd9g, ee9e, ee9f, ee9g
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (ONGOING HEALTH PROBLEM, see NOTE) 21 61 82
-2 3939 4391 8330
301 - 411 HEALTH PROBLEM CODES 20 61 81
Note: See Appendix M - COR483h for list of health problem codes. Due
to an error in branching in the data collection instrument, this
question was not asked if the respondent's health problem was
"ongoing" (RF052J2E = 0000, N=67) or if the respondent answered
"don't know" (RF052J2E = 9997, N=6) to the question regarding
duration of this health problem. To determine whose health
condition is coded in RF051J2E, refer to RF050J2D.

rf052j2e: Length of time graduate's health problem with second employer lasted.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J2C, RF050J2D, dd9e, dd9f, ee9e, ee9f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 6 10
-2 3950 4420 8370
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 6 6
0 CONDITION STILL ONGOING 19 48 67
1 ONE WEEK OR LESS 0 1 1
0002 - 0780 NUMBER OF WEEKS 7 32 39
Note: This question was only asked about the graduate's health
problem.

rf053j2d: Could respondent have remained at second employer job spell for another 6 months?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J2C, dd9i, dd9h, dd9e, ee9i, ee9h, ee9e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 358 301 659
-2 2948 2953 5901
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 6 9
1 YES 361 867 1228
2 NO 310 386 696
Note: If involuntary termination, temporary layoff, or seasonal layoff
was the reason for leaving second employment spell (dd9h or
ee9h=2,4,5), then RF053J2D = 2;

If the health condition which caused the respondent to leave the
second employment spell is ongoing (RRF052J2E = 0), then this
question was not asked (RF053J2D = 9).

Respondents who worked in 1975 and began their third job before
the second job ended (dd92=1) were not asked this question.
Also, this question was not asked for respondents who did not
know or refused the question regarding the length of their
health problem (dd9e or ee9e=98,99).

rf001j3c: Century month respondent began third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd93, ee93, gg0a, gg93, hh0a, dyy, dmm
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 10 10 20
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 15 20
906 - 1123 CENTURY MONTHS 976 1357 2333
Note: The date for starting first or only job with an employer may be
the same as last or only job, even if there was a change in
dates, because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf002j3c: Century month respondent stopped working at third employer job spell. Refers to all consecutive work for third employer.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg71, hh71
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 6 8
0 STILL WORKING AT THIRD JOB SPELL 451 612 1063
1 EXPECT TO RESUME SAME SEASONAL JOB AT SAME EMPLOYER NEXT WORK SEASON 4 4 8
2 STILL WORKING THERE BUT NO LONGER MAIN JOB 11 15 26
930 - 1122 CENTURY MONTHS 520 742 1262
Note: We do not ask about the end of each job but about the end of an
employment spell with an employer.

rf003j3c: Why did respondent begin working for third employer at that time?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd9b, dd9c, ee9b, ee9c, ff02, gg0e, hh0e, ii0e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 89 169 258
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 3 5
1 BETTER PAY 30 39 69
2 BETTER BENEFITS/INSURANCE/TO MAINTAIN BENEFITS 8 19 27
3 CONVENIENT LOCATION, LIKED LOCATION 12 18 30
4 WANTED FULL-TIME WORK 7 25 32
5 WANTED PART-TIME WORK 1 31 32
6 HIRED FOR SEASONAL WORK ONLY/ TEMPORARY/IN BETWEEN JOBS 2 2 4
7 SOUGHT MORE CHALLENGING OR DIFFERENT WORK 40 46 86
8 STARTED OWN BUSINESS 102 46 148
9 SELF-FULFILLMENT; TO FULFILL A PERSONAL INTEREST 32 54 86
10 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH FAMILY OBLIGATIONS 6 12 18
11 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH HEALTH (PHYSICAL OR MENTAL) LIMITATIONS, INCLUDING STRESS, ANXIETY, ETC. 2 6 8
12 RETURNED TO WORK; CHILDREN NO LONGER NEEDED CARE 5 13 18
13 TO AVOID BOREDOM OR IDLENESS/ SOMETHING TO DO 3 37 40
14 WAS RECRUITED/ENCOURAGED TO APPLY 15 11 26
15 ELECTED/APPOINTED/PROMOTED TO POSITION 6 4 10
16 HIRED THROUGH UNION 5 0 5
17 OFFERED JOB AFTER VOLUNTEERING OR DOING TEMPORARY WORK AT EMPLOYER 5 13 18
18 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, OR EDUCATION 31 33 64
19 EDUCATION ENDED AND NEEDED JOB 1 12 13
20 RELOCATED/ASSIGNED/TRANSFERRED TO NEW AREA 29 41 70
21 WAS OFFERED JOB, UNSPECIFIED 68 81 149
22 WAS UNEMPLOYED/LAID OFF AND NEEDED A JOB 85 71 156
24 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES, WORK 1 2 3
25 FINANCIAL: SPOUSE UNEMPLOYED, RECENTLY MARRIED, NEED FOR DUAL INCOME 0 10 10
26 APPLIED FOR JOB AND HIRED/GOT THE JOB, UNSPECIFIED 40 73 113
27 NEEDED MONEY, WANTED EXTRA MONEY (UNSPECIFIED) 45 109 154
28 OTHER 1 2 3
29 CHANGED JOBS 3 4 7
30 LIKED ATMOSPHERE, LIKED PEOPLE, LIKED ENVIRONMENT, LIKED JOB 9 10 19
31 WANTED TO WORK, WANTED TO START WORKING AGAIN (UNSPECIFIED) 11 31 42
33 FINANCIAL: DEATH/ILLNESS OF SPOUSE 1 1 2
34 INDEPENDENCE, ABILITY TO SUPPORT SELF IF NECESSARY, ANTICIPATING DIVORCE OR DEATH OF SPOUSE 1 1 2
35 MORE DESIRABLE/FLEXIBLE HOURS (DAYTIME HOURS, NO WEEKENDS, LESS/MORE HOURS) 4 21 25
36 GOOD OPPORTUNITY (ADVANCEMENT, TRAINING, EXPERIENCE)/A BETTER JOB/ COMPANY HAS GOOD REPUTATION 163 188 351
37 SINGLE PARENT, DIVORCED, OR SEPARATED 0 3 3
38 KEEP SKILLS UP 0 1 1
39 FELLOWSHIP/GRANT FUNDED 0 1 1
40 KNEW SOMEONE WHO WORKED THERE, KNEW OWNER, HAD EXPERIENCE WITH ORGANIZATION 3 7 10
41 FORMER EMPLOYER OUT OF BUSINESS, SOLD, BANKRUPT, TAKEN OVER, MERGER 51 28 79
42 FAMILY OWNED BUSINESS, OWNED STOCK 5 8 13
43 WORK FOR COMPANY/BUSINESS BEFORE 2 3 5
44 RECALLED FROM LAYOFF 1 1 2
45 LIKED SIZE/TYPE OF COMPANY (PRIVATE/ CORPORATE, LARGE/SMALL) 1 4 5
46 PROMISE OF CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT/ STEADY WORK/SECURITY/PERFORMANCE 9 7 16
48 WANTED TO HELP/SOMEONE IN NEED 0 1 1
49 NEEDED PEOPLE, COMPANY WAS EXPANDING 10 14 24
50 LEFT OLD JOB (MISCELLANEOUS) 11 9 20
51 NOTHING ELSE AVAILABLE/FIRST CHOICE NOT AVAILABLE 0 1 1
52 CONTRACTED OR ASSIGNED WORK 2 0 2
53 JOB WAS AVAILABLE 11 11 22
54 LESS TRAVEL 1 1 2
55 MOVED 1 2 3
57 TO AVOID BEING TRANSFERRED OR RELOCATED 1 1 2
59 LOOKING FOR A JOB 17 41 58
Note: A change was made during the interview process where respondents
who left their last job because they had found a better job
(dd9b,ee9b=1), were looking for a job (dd9c,ee9c=0), or because
they started their own business (dd9c,ee9c=2) were not asked this
question. If the respondent completed the interview before this
change was made, the data was kept (RF003J3C = sgg0e or shh0e).
Otherwise, if the respondent found a better job then RF003J3C =
36, if the respondent was looking for a job then RF003J3C = 59,
and if the respondent started own business then RF003J3C = 8;

rf004j3c: Whether first or only job in third employer job spell was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg10, hh10, ii10
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 4 4
1 FULL-TIME 955 1014 1969
2 PART-TIME 31 360 391
Note: Full-time means 35 hours or more per week.

rfu05j3c: 1970 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg15, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf005j3c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 2 5
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 5 6
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 987 1375 2362
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu06j3c: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg01, gg05, hh01, hh05, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf006j3c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu07j3d: Class of worker code for third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J3C, gg25, gg30, gg40, hh25, hh30, hh40, ii25, ii30, ii40
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf007j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 3 3
1 Private company, business or individual for wages, salary or commission 710 1030 1740
2 Government employee (federal, state or local government) 111 230 341
3 Own business or professional practice; incorporated 59 23 82
4 Own business or professional practice; not incorporated 106 82 188
5 Working without pay in a family business or farm 2 11 13
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu08j3d: 1970 Major industry code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J3C, RFU06J3C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf008j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 2 5
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 5 6
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 14 12 26
2 Mining 9 2 11
3 Construction 77 13 90
4 Manufacturing 250 158 408
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 63 47 110
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 181 294 475
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 89 138 227
8 Business And Repair Services 75 84 159
9 Personal Services 18 61 79
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 9 15 24
11 Public Administration 39 31 70
12 Professional And Related Services 163 520 683
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu09j3e: 1970 Major occupation code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J3C, RFU06J3C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf009j3e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 36 16 52
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 173 284 457
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 213 141 354
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 66 37 103
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 99 61 160
6 Sales: Retail Trade 40 54 94
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 52 478 530
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 48 12 60
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 45 0 45
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 50 16 66
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 41 47 88
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 51 27 78
13 Service Occupations 39 185 224
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 4 1 5
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 20 12 32
16 Farm Operators & Managers 8 4 12
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 2 1 3
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa10j3e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J3C, RFU06J3C, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
0021 - 0992 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb10j3e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J3C, RFU06J3C, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
0002 - 0805 1970 INCOME SCORE 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu10j3e: 1970 Duncan SEI score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J3C, RFU06J3C, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf010j3e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
049 - 923 1970 DUNCAN SEI 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu11j3e: 1970 Siegel prestige score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J3C, RFU06J3C, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99, Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf011j3e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu12j3d: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J3C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf012j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1183 - 8714 1970 MSEI2 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu13j3d: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J3C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf013j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1429 - 8842 1970 TSEI2 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf014j3d: 1990 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J3C, gg15, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 2 5
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 5 6
010 - 932 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 987 1375 2362
Note: See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rf015j3d: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J3C, gg01, gg05, hh01, hh05, ii01, ii05,
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
005 - 889 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 987 1376 2363
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf016j3e: 1990 Major industry code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF014J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J3D = 997 or 999) 4 7 11
-2 2989 3131 6120
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 14 12 26
2 Mining 9 2 11
3 Construction 78 13 91
4 Manufacturing 251 158 409
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 69 47 116
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 181 294 475
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 89 138 227
8 Business And Repair Services 63 71 134
9 Personal Services 16 50 66
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 11 16 27
11 Public Administration 30 37 67
12 Professional And Related Services 176 537 713
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf017j3e: 1990 Major occupation code for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J3D, RF014J3D, RF015J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J3D or RF015J3D = 997 or 999) 4 6 10
-2 2989 3131 6120
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 24 19 43
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 152 286 438
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 196 137 333
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 69 22 91
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 124 71 195
6 Sales: Retail Trade 67 105 172
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 43 451 494
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 44 15 59
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 39 0 39
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 54 13 67
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 45 43 88
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 56 19 75
13 Service Occupations 39 171 210
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 5 2 7
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 15 15 30
16 Farm Operators & Managers 8 4 12
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 7 3 10
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf018j3e: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF015J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE SCORES 987 1376 2363
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf019j3e: 1990 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J3D, RF014J3D, RF015J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J3D or RF015J3D = 997 or 999) 4 6 10
-2 2989 3131 6120
0083 - 0999 1990 Education score 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf020j3e: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J3D, RF014J3D, RF015J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J3D or RF015J3D = 997 or 999) 4 6 10
-2 2989 3131 6120
0037 - 0816 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 987 1376 2363
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf021j3d: City where third employer job spell was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J3C, bb11, cc45, dd47, ii47
Revisions: Added 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF022J3C = 997 or 999) 18 19 37
-2 2989 3131 6120
0002 - 2511 CITY CODES 973 1363 2336
Note: See Appendix F, Cor685 for coding schema

rf022j3c: State where third employer job spell was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J2C, gg46, gg50, hh46, hh50, ii46, ii50
Revisions: Updated 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 6 8 14
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
1 Alabama 2 3 5
2 Alaska 3 0 3
3 Arizona 23 34 57
4 Arkansas 2 4 6
5 California 59 73 132
6 Colorado 19 22 41
7 Connecticut 3 5 8
8 Delaware 1 1 2
9 Washington, D.C. 2 5 7
10 Florida 27 38 65
11 Georgia 11 8 19
13 Idaho 1 3 4
14 Illinois 71 63 134
15 Indiana 8 17 25
16 Iowa 11 13 24
17 Kansas 3 5 8
18 Kentucky 2 1 3
19 Louisiana 5 3 8
20 Maine 0 1 1
21 Maryland 4 6 10
22 Massachusetts 3 10 13
23 Michigan 15 10 25
24 Minnesota 47 77 124
25 Mississippi 0 3 3
26 Missouri 9 13 22
27 Montana 3 2 5
28 Nebraska 2 4 6
29 Nevada 12 6 18
31 New Jersey 5 8 13
32 New Mexico 7 7 14
33 New York 9 9 18
34 North Carolina 8 6 14
35 North Dakota 0 3 3
36 Ohio 12 17 29
37 Oklahoma 4 5 9
38 Oregon 7 8 15
39 Pennsylvania 4 6 10
40 Rhode Island 0 1 1
41 South Carolina 6 0 6
42 South Dakota 1 1 2
43 Tennessee 4 7 11
44 Texas 39 27 66
45 Utah 3 3 6
46 Vermont 2 0 2
47 Virginia 8 9 17
48 Washington 17 13 30
49 West Virginia 1 1 2
50 Wisconsin 495 804 1299
51 Wyoming 1 2 3
59 Canada 0 4 4
64 Ethiopia 1 0 1
69 Guam 0 1 1
73 Italy 1 0 1
81 Norway 1 0 1
Note: RF023J3-RF025J3 variable names not used because labor union
questions were not asked for third employer.

rf026j3c: Does company in third employer job spell offer a pension or retirement plan?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg67, hh67, ii67
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 8 7 15
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 15 17
1 YES 545 694 1239
2 NO 436 666 1102

rf027j3c: Does company in third employer job spell offer health insurance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg68, hh68, ii68
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 9 7 16
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 6 8
1 YES 748 853 1601
2 NO 232 516 748

rf028j3c: While working at third employer job spell, did respondent take any training or classes that could help him/her to find another job?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg69, hh69, ii69

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 8 7 15
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 YES 74 183 257
2 NO 909 1190 2099

rf029j3d: Type of job respondent thought training in third employer job spell could help to find.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF028J3C, gg70, hh70, ii70

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3906 4330 8236
0 R HAD TRAINING BUT OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS NEVER CODED! 74 183 257
Note: Typical responses, in order of frequency, are: to gain computer
training, to get into management/administration, to enhance job
performance, to get into teaching, to get into social service
work, and to improve secretarial/clerical skills.

rf030j3c: Did respondent ever have a change in his/her most important job activities or duties during third employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, gg25, gg73, hh25, hh73
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (SELF- EMPLOYED, gg25 or hh25 = 3) 168 108 276
-2 3010 3163 6173
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 YES 152 292 444
2 NO 650 949 1599
Note: If respondent's third job spell is the current job, and R has
held the current job for less than six months (RF001JS = 6, 16),
this question was not asked (RF030J3C = 8).

If a respondent reported status as self-employed (gg25 or hh25 =
3), this question was not asked (RF030J3C = 9).

rf031j3d: Century month respondent started last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF001J3C, RF030J3C, gg85, hh85
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 11 9 20
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 23 29
906 - 1123 CENTURY MONTHS 974 1350 2324
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

The date for starting last or only job with an employer may be
the same as first or only job, even if there was a change in
dates, because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf032j3d: Whether last job or only job in third employer job spell was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF004J3C, RF030J3C, gg83, hh83, ii10
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 4 4
1 FULL-TIME 958 1027 1985
2 PART-TIME 28 347 375
Note: Full-time means 35 hours or more per week.

rfu33j3d: 1970 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J3C, gg15, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf033j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 2 5
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 5 6
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 987 1375 2362
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with
the same employer. See Appendix E on occupation coding
and variable construction.

rfu34j3d: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF030J3C, RFU06J3C, gg73, gg79, gg81, hh73, hh79, hh81, ii79, ii81
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf034j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu35j3e: 1970 Major industry code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J3D, RFU34J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf035j3e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 2 5
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 5 6
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 14 12 26
2 Mining 9 2 11
3 Construction 77 13 90
4 Manufacturing 250 158 408
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 63 47 110
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 181 294 475
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 89 138 227
8 Business And Repair Services 75 84 159
9 Personal Services 18 61 79
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 9 15 24
11 Public Administration 39 31 70
12 Professional And Related Services 163 520 683
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer but since the 1970 major industry variable uses
both industry and occupation, it must be recalculated using the
last or only occupation code. See Appendix E - COR713 for
Creation of major industry, major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu36j3f: 1970 Major occupation code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J3D, RFU34J3D, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf036j3f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 36 16 52
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 164 294 458
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 250 182 432
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 66 37 103
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 88 63 151
6 Sales: Retail Trade 34 41 75
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 53 455 508
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 48 17 65
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 45 0 45
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 50 14 64
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 37 44 81
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 49 22 71
13 Service Occupations 38 175 213
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 3 0 3
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 16 12 28
16 Farm Operators & Managers 8 4 12
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 2 1 3
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa37j3e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J3D, RFU34J3D, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
0025 - 0987 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb37j3e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for first or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J3D, RFU34J3D, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
0002 - 0805 1970 INCOME SCORE 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu37j3f: 1970 Duncan SEI score for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J3D, RFU34J3D, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf037j3f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
049 - 930 1970 DUNCAN SEI 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu38j3f: 1970 Siegel prestige score for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J3D, RFU34J3D, RFU07J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf038j3f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu39j3e: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf039j3e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1309 - 8714 1970 TSEI2 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu40j3e: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J3D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf040j3e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1448 - 8842 1970 TSEI2 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf041j3e: 1990 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF033J3C, gg15, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 2 5
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 5 6
010 - 932 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 987 1375 2362
Note: Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable
construction.

rf042j3e: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J3D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
005 - 889 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 987 1377 2364
Note: See Appendix E on occupation coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf043j3f: 1990 Major industry code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF041J3E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J3E = 997 or 999) 4 7 11
-2 2989 3131 6120
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 14 12 26
2 Mining 9 2 11
3 Construction 78 13 91
4 Manufacturing 251 158 409
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 69 47 116
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 181 294 475
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 89 138 227
8 Business And Repair Services 63 71 134
9 Personal Services 16 50 66
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 11 16 27
11 Public Administration 30 37 67
12 Professional And Related Services 176 537 713
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf044j3f: 1990 Major occupation code for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J3D, RF041J3E, RF042J3E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J3E or RF042J3E = 997 or 999) 4 5 9
-2 2989 3131 6120
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 24 19 43
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 145 285 430
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 225 176 401
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 69 22 91
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 113 77 190
6 Sales: Retail Trade 67 96 163
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 47 427 474
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 44 20 64
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 39 0 39
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 53 10 63
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 41 38 79
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 56 17 73
13 Service Occupations 37 166 203
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 4 3 7
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 10 14 24
16 Farm Operators & Managers 8 4 12
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 5 3 8
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf045j3f: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for last or only job in third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF042J3E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 2989 3131 6120
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 987 1377 2364
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf046j3f: 1990 Occupational Education Score for the last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J3D, RF041J3E, RF042J3E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J3E or RF042J3E = 997 or 999) 4 5 9
-2 2989 3131 6120
0083 - 0999 1990 Education score 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf047j3f: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for the last or only job in second employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J3D, RF041J3E, RF042J3E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J3E or RF042J3E = 997 or 999) 4 5 9
-2 2989 3131 6120
0037 - 0816 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 987 1377 2364
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

VARIABLE NAME RF048 IS NOT USED IN THIS RELEASE.

rf049j3d: Started new job before leaving third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J3C, gg92
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF001JS = 8 OR 18) 28 49 77
-2 3444 3747 7191
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 YES 184 196 380
2 NO 324 519 843
Note: If the employer spell after this one lasted less than six months
(RF001JS = 8 or 18), this question was not asked.

If this is the last employer spell (RF001JS = 7, 17), then
RF049J3D is assumed 2, although the question was not asked.

rfu50j3d: The main reason that respondent left third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc92, cc9n, cc9b, cc9c, cc9d, cc9h, dd92, dd9n, dd9b, dd9c, dd9d, dd9h
Revisions: Replacement 10/05      Archived variable: rf050j3d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 11 11 22
-2 3444 3747 7191
0 RETIREMENT 5 5 10
1 OTHER WORK RELATED REASON 80 140 220
2 PARTICIPANT, SPOUSE, OR FIANCE TRANSFERRED OR TOOK NEW JOB 2 32 34
3 NO LONGER NEEDED THE INCOME 1 2 3
4 FOUND NEW JOB OR CHANGED JOBS 165 180 345
5 NEEDED/WANTED/LOOKED FOR ANOTHER JOB 13 33 46
6 STARTED (OWN) BUSINESS OR BECAME PARTNER IN A BUSINESS 20 19 39
7 SOLD (OWN) BUSINESS OR FARMLAND 1 3 4
8 DISTANCE TO JOB WAS TOO FAR OR INCONVENIENT 0 2 2
16 TO START/END POLITICAL CAREER 1 0 1
20 OTHER FAMILY REASON 8 34 42
21 TO STAY HOME OR TAKE CARE OF HOUSE/CHILDREN 1 8 9
22 TO GET MARRIED, HAVE CHILDREN, OR RAISE FAMILY 1 9 10
23 MOVED OR RELOCATED 11 36 47
24 OTHER RELATIVE'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 4 13 17
25 WANTED TO DO SOMETHING ELSE OR TOOK TIME OFF 0 7 7
26 SPOUSE RETIRED OR WANTED TO RETIRE 0 5 5
27 WENT/RETURNED TO SCHOOL 3 8 11
28 SPOUSE'S ILLNESS, HEALTH REASON, OR DEATH 2 5 7
29 TO BABYSIT GRANDCHILDREN (WITH OR WITHOUT PAY) 0 5 5
30 TO DO VOLUNTEER WORK 0 2 2
31 TRAVEL, VACATION, SABBATICAL 0 3 3
32 OTHER 0 1 1
33 ECONOMIC/FINANCIAL REASONS OR BANKRUPTCY 4 3 7
40 BUSINESS CLOSED 126 103 229
43 OTHER INVOLUNTARY TERMINATION 38 40 78
44 TEMPORARY/SEASONAL LAY-OFF 16 12 28
45 BUSINESS WAS SOLD, BOUGHT OUT, OR CHANGED OWNERS 4 2 6
46 TEMPORARY JOB ENDED, CONTRACT COMPLETED 3 2 5
47 LOST BUSINESS OR FARM 0 1 1
49 STRIKE 1 0 1
60 PARTICIPANT'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 13 40 53
61 CALLED TO ACTIVE MILITARY DUTY 2 0 2

rf051j3e: Health problem for respondent or a family member that caused respondent to leave third employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J3C, RF050J3D, gg9e, gg9f, gg9g, hh9e, hh9f, hh9g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (ONGOING HEALTH PROBLEM, see NOTE) 9 24 33
-2 3961 4455 8416
306 - 411 HEALTH PROBLEM CODES 10 34 44
Note: See Appendix M - COR483h for list of health problem codes. Due
to an error in branching in the data collection instrument, this
question was not asked if the respondent's health problem was
"ongoing" (RF052J3E = 0000, N=27) or if the respondent answered
"don't know" (RF052J3E = 9997, N=0) to the question regarding
duration of this health problem. To determine whose health
condition is coded in RF051J3E, refer to RF050J3D.

rf052j3e: Length of time graduate's health problem with third employer lasted.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J3C, RF050J3D, gg9e, gg9f, hh9e, hh9f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 3 5
-2 3967 4473 8440
0 CONDITION STILL ONGOING 7 20 27
0002 - 0520 NUMBER OF WEEKS 4 17 21
Note: This question was only asked about the graduate's health
problem.

rf053j3d: Could respondent have remained at third employer job spell for another six months?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J3C, gg9i, gg9h, gg9e, hh9i, hh9h, hh9e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 15 31 46
-2 3444 3747 7191
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 3 8
1 YES 298 521 819
2 NO 218 211 429
Note: If involuntary termination, temporary layoff, or seasonal layoff
was the reason for leaving third employment spell (gg9h or
hh9h=2,4,5), then RF053J3D = 2;
If the health condition which caused the respondent to leave the
third employment spell is ongoing (RRF052J3E = 0), then this
question was not asked (RF053J3D = 9).

rf001j4c: Century month respondent began fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd93, ee93, gg93, hh0a, dyy, dmm
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
918 - 1124 CENTURY MONTHS 504 676 1180
Note: The date for starting first or only job with an employer may be
the same as last or only job, even if there was a change in dates,
because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf002j4c: Century month respondent stopped working at fourth employer job spell. Refers to all consecutive work for fourth employer.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh71
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
0 STILL WORKING AT FOURTH JOB SPELL 450 554 1004
1 EXPECT TO RESUME SAME SEASONAL JOB AT SAME EMPLOYER NEXT WORK SEASON 0 1 1
2 STILL WORKING THERE BUT NO LONGER MAIN JOB 0 5 5
954 - 1122 CENTURY MONTHS 56 119 175
Note: We do not ask about the end of each job but about the end of an
employment spell with an employer.

rf003j4c: Why did respondent begin working for fourth employer at that time?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, dd9b, dd9c, ee9b, ee9c, gg9b, gg9c, hh0e, ii0e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 63 111 174
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 BETTER PAY 10 13 23
2 BETTER BENEFITS/INSURANCE/TO MAINTAIN BENEFITS 3 10 13
3 CONVENIENT LOCATION, LIKED LOCATION 4 15 19
4 WANTED FULL-TIME WORK 2 8 10
5 WANTED PART-TIME WORK 0 5 5
6 HIRED FOR SEASONAL WORK ONLY/ TEMPORARY/IN BETWEEN JOBS 0 1 1
7 SOUGHT MORE CHALLENGING OR DIFFERENT WORK 18 10 28
8 STARTED OWN BUSINESS 53 28 81
9 SELF-FULFILLMENT; TO FULFILL A PERSONAL INTEREST 11 31 42
10 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH FAMILY OBLIGATIONS 0 6 6
11 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH HEALTH (PHYSICAL OR MENTAL) LIMITATIONS, INCLUDING STRESS, ANXIETY, ETC. 0 4 4
12 RETURNED TO WORK; CHILDREN NO LONGER NEEDED CARE 2 1 3
13 TO AVOID BOREDOM OR IDLENESS/ SOMETHING TO DO 1 6 7
14 WAS RECRUITED/ENCOURAGED TO APPLY 0 7 7
15 ELECTED/APPOINTED/PROMOTED TO POSITION 2 1 3
16 HIRED THROUGH UNION 5 0 5
17 OFFERED JOB AFTER VOLUNTEERING OR DOING TEMPORARY WORK AT EMPLOYER 0 6 6
18 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, OR EDUCATION 13 13 26
19 EDUCATION ENDED AND NEEDED JOB 0 1 1
20 RELOCATED/ASSIGNED/TRANSFERRED TO NEW AREA 3 18 21
21 WAS OFFERED JOB, UNSPECIFIED 21 32 53
22 WAS UNEMPLOYED/LAID OFF AND NEEDED A JOB 43 23 66
24 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES, WORK 0 2 2
25 FINANCIAL: SPOUSE UNEMPLOYED, RECENTLY MARRIED, NEED FOR DUAL INCOME 0 2 2
26 APPLIED FOR JOB AND HIRED/GOT THE JOB, UNSPECIFIED 20 41 61
27 NEEDED MONEY, WANTED EXTRA MONEY (UNSPECIFIED) 18 48 66
28 OTHER 3 1 4
29 CHANGED JOBS 1 0 1
30 LIKED ATMOSPHERE, LIKED PEOPLE, LIKED ENVIRONMENT, LIKED JOB 2 4 6
31 WANTED TO WORK, WANTED TO START WORKING AGAIN (UNSPECIFIED) 2 14 16
35 MORE DESIRABLE/FLEXIBLE HOURS (DAYTIME HOURS, NO WEEKENDS, LESS/MORE HOURS) 1 6 7
36 GOOD OPPORTUNITY (ADVANCEMENT, TRAINING, EXPERIENCE)/A BETTER JOB/ COMPANY HAS GOOD REPUTATION 148 144 292
39 FELLOWSHIP/GRANT FUNDED 0 1 1
40 KNEW SOMEONE WHO WORKED THERE, KNEW OWNER, HAD EXPERIENCE WITH ORGANIZATION 3 6 9
41 FORMER EMPLOYER OUT OF BUSINESS, SOLD, BANKRUPT, TAKEN OVER, MERGER 4 4 8
42 FAMILY OWNED BUSINESS, OWNED STOCK 4 3 7
43 WORK FOR COMPANY/BUSINESS BEFORE 2 2 4
45 LIKED SIZE/TYPE OF COMPANY (PRIVATE/ CORPORATE, LARGE/SMALL) 1 1 2
46 PROMISE OF CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT/ STEADY WORK/SECURITY/PERFORMANCE 5 2 7
47 SPOUSE/FAMILY WANTED R TO WORK 1 0 1
48 WANTED TO HELP/SOMEONE IN NEED 0 1 1
49 NEEDED PEOPLE, COMPANY WAS EXPANDING 8 10 18
50 LEFT OLD JOB (MISCELLANEOUS) 5 0 5
51 NOTHING ELSE AVAILABLE/FIRST CHOICE NOT AVAILABLE 3 1 4
52 CONTRACTED OR ASSIGNED WORK 0 1 1
53 JOB WAS AVAILABLE 9 7 16
55 MOVED 1 1 2
56 MORE TRAVEL 0 1 1
57 TO AVOID BEING TRANSFERRED OR RELOCATED 1 0 1
58 RETIRED/RETIRED FROM MILITARY/ FOUND ANOTHER JOB 0 1 1
59 LOOKING FOR A JOB 11 26 37
Note: A change was made during the interview process where respondents
who left their last job because they had found a better job
(gg9b=1), were looking for a job (gg9c=0), or because they started
their own business (gg9c=2) were not asked this question. If the
respondent completed the interview before this change was made,
the data was kept (RF003J4C = shh0e). Otherwise, if found a
better job then RF003J4C = 36, if looking for a job then RF003J4C
= 59, and if started own business then RF003J4C = 8;

An error in the questionnaire caused anyone who ever left a job
because they had found a better job (dd9b, ee9b, gg9b=1), were
looking for a job (dd9c, ee9c, gg9c=0), or because they started
their own business (dd9c, ee9c, gg9c=2) to skip this question.
These respondents are coded RF003J4C = 99;

rf004j4c: Whether first or only job in fourth employer job spell was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh10, ii10
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 FULL-TIME 488 519 1007
2 PART-TIME 16 159 175
Note: Full-time means working 35 or more hours per week.

rfu05j4c: 1970 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf005j4c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 505 679 1184
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu06j4c: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh01, hh05, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf006j4c

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 504 679 1183
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu07j4d: Class of worker code for fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J4C, hh25, hh30, hh40, ii25, ii30, ii40
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf007j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 Private company, business or individual for wages, salary or commission 351 473 824
2 Government employee (federal, state or local government) 59 134 193
3 Own business or professional practice; incorporated 44 11 55
4 Own business or professional practice; not incorporated 52 56 108
5 Working without pay in a family business or farm 0 4 4
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

rfu08j4d: 1970 Major industry code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J4C, RFU06J4C
Revisions: replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf008j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 1 2 3
2 Mining 3 0 3
3 Construction 41 5 46
4 Manufacturing 128 69 197
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 32 30 62
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 90 126 216
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 51 67 118
8 Business And Repair Services 38 34 72
9 Personal Services 10 37 47
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 9 6 15
11 Public Administration 20 32 52
12 Professional And Related Services 82 271 353
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu09j4e: 1970 Major occupation code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J4C, RFU06J4C, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf009j4e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 21 15 36
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 80 129 209
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 110 81 191
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 42 20 62
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 58 29 87
6 Sales: Retail Trade 26 26 52
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 18 247 265
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 23 3 26
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 18 0 18
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 27 7 34
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 15 19 34
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 32 6 38
13 Service Occupations 21 92 113
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 4 1 5
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 7 4 11
16 Farm Operators & Managers 1 0 1
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa10j4e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J4C, RFU06J4C, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0025 - 0993 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb10j4e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J4C, RFU06J4C, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0002 - 0877 1970 INCOME SCORE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu10j4e: 1970 Duncan SEI score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J4C, RFU06J4C, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Replaced 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf010j4e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
049 - 923 1970 DUNCAN SEI 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu11j4e: 1970 Siegel prestige score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05J4C, RFU06J4C, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf011j4e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu12j4d: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J4C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf012j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
1309 - 8714 1970 MSEI2 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu13j4d: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU06J4C
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf013j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
1448 - 8842 1970 TSEI2 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR 713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf014j4d: 1990 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J4C
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
010 - 940 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 505 679 1184
Note: See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rf015j4d: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J4C
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
005 - 904 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 504 679 1183
Note: The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

rf016j4e: 1990 Major industry code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF014J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 2 1 3
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 1 2 3
2 Mining 3 0 3
3 Construction 41 5 46
4 Manufacturing 128 69 197
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 34 33 67
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 90 126 216
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 51 67 118
8 Business And Repair Services 28 30 58
9 Personal Services 9 28 37
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 9 7 16
11 Public Administration 16 35 51
12 Professional And Related Services 94 276 370
13 Active Duty Military 1 1 2
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf017j4e: 1990 Major occupation code for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RF014J4D, RF015J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J4D or RF015J4D = 997 or 999) 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 16 13 29
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 72 135 207
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 102 82 184
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 39 15 54
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 74 35 109
6 Sales: Retail Trade 34 52 86
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 12 229 241
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 20 3 23
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 21 0 21
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 27 0 27
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 18 16 34
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 33 7 40
13 Service Occupations 22 84 106
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 4 4 8
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 7 2 9
16 Farm Operators & Managers 1 0 1
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 1 2 3
18 Military Occupations 1 0 1
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf018j4e: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF015J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE SCORES 503 679 1182
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 1 0 1
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf019j4e: 1990 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RF014J4D, RF015J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014J4D or RF015J4D = 997 or 999) 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0111 - 0999 1990 Education score 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf020j4e: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for first or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RF014J4D, RF015J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 dk/ref/n ascr 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0042 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf021j4d: City where fourth employer job spell was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J4C, hh47, ii47
Revisions: Added 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF022J4C = 997 or 999) 11 13 24
-2 3473 3833 7306
0002 - 2511 CITY CODES 496 667 1163
Note: See Appendix F, Cor685 for coding schema

rf022j4c: State where fourth employer job spell was located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J3C, hh46, hh50, ii46, ii50
Revisions: Updated 9/99     
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 4 4 8
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 Alabama 2 0 2
2 Alaska 3 0 3
3 Arizona 11 19 30
4 Arkansas 1 0 1
5 California 35 48 83
6 Colorado 8 10 18
7 Connecticut 2 1 3
8 Delaware 1 1 2
9 Washington, D.C. 1 2 3
10 Florida 20 21 41
11 Georgia 14 7 21
12 Hawaii 1 0 1
13 Idaho 1 2 3
14 Illinois 30 31 61
15 Indiana 6 7 13
16 Iowa 3 5 8
17 Kansas 0 2 2
18 Kentucky 0 3 3
19 Louisiana 1 2 3
21 Maryland 3 2 5
22 Massachusetts 2 3 5
23 Michigan 7 6 13
24 Minnesota 24 31 55
26 Missouri 3 7 10
27 Montana 2 1 3
28 Nebraska 1 1 2
29 Nevada 8 9 17
30 New Hampshire 1 0 1
31 New Jersey 2 3 5
32 New Mexico 5 5 10
33 New York 1 5 6
34 North Carolina 2 5 7
35 North Dakota 0 1 1
36 Ohio 4 8 12
37 Oklahoma 3 3 6
38 Oregon 5 2 7
39 Pennsylvania 6 8 14
41 South Carolina 3 1 4
42 South Dakota 0 1 1
43 Tennessee 1 7 8
44 Texas 25 8 33
45 Utah 0 2 2
46 Vermont 1 0 1
47 Virginia 5 5 10
48 Washington 8 8 16
49 West Virginia 0 1 1
50 Wisconsin 240 380 620
59 Canada 1 1 2
90 Turkey 0 1 1
Note: RF023J4-RF025J4 variable names not used because labor union
questions were not asked for fourth employer.

rf026j4c: Does company in fourth employer job spell offer a pension or retirement plan?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh67, ii67
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 4 6
1 YES 304 364 668
2 NO 198 311 509

rf027j4c: Does company in fourth employer job spell offer health insurance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh68, ii68
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
1 YES 379 434 813
2 NO 123 243 366

rf028j4c: While working at fourth employer job spell, did respondent take any training or classes that could help him/her to find another job?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh69, ii69
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 4 2 6
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 YES 35 74 109
2 NO 468 604 1072

rf029j4d: Type of job respondent thought training in fourth employer job spell could help to find.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF028J4C, hh70, ii70
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3945 4439 8384
0 R HAD TRAINING BUT OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS NEVER CODED! 35 74 109
Note: Typical responses, in order of frequency, are: to gain computer
training, to get into management/administration, to enhance job
performance, to get into teaching, to get into social service
work, and to improve secretarial/clerical skills.

rf030j4c: Did respondent ever have a change in his/her most important job activities or duties during fourth employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, hh25, hh73
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (SELF-EMPLOYED, hh25 = 3) 89 64 153
-2 3497 3876 7373
1 YES 74 153 227
2 NO 320 420 740
Note: If respondent's fourth job spell is the current job, and R has
held the current job for less than six months (RF001JS = 8,10,18),
this question was not asked (RF030J4C = 8).

If a respondent reported status as self-employed (hh25 = 3), this
question was not asked (RF030J4C = 9).

rf031j4d: Century month respondent started last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF001J4C, RF030J4C, hh85
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 4 7
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
918 - 1124 CENTURY MONTHS 504 674 1178
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.
The date for starting last or only job with an employer may be the
same as first or only job, even if there was a change in dates,
because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf032j4d: Whether last or only job in fourth employer job spell was full- or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF004J4C, RF030J4C, hh83, ii10
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 1 3
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 FULL-TIME 488 527 1015
2 PART-TIME 16 151 167
Note: Full-time means worked 35 hours or more per week.

rfu33j4d: 1970 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J4C, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf033j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 505 679 1184
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with
the same employer. See Appendix E on Occupation Coding
and Variable Construction.

rfu34j4d: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J4C, RF030J4C, hh73, hh79, hh81, ii79, ii81
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf034j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 504 679 1183
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu35j4e: 1970 Major industry code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J4D, RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf035j4e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 1 2 3
2 Mining 3 0 3
3 Construction 41 5 46
4 Manufacturing 128 69 197
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 32 30 62
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 90 126 216
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 51 67 118
8 Business And Repair Services 38 34 72
9 Personal Services 10 37 47
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 9 6 15
11 Public Administration 20 32 52
12 Professional And Related Services 82 271 353
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer but since the 1970 major industry variable uses both
industry and occupation, it must be recalculated using the last or
only occupation code. See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of
major industry, major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu36j4f: 1970 Major occupation code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RFU33J4D, RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf036j4f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 21 15 36
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 83 132 215
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 119 107 226
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 42 20 62
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 53 29 82
6 Sales: Retail Trade 24 25 49
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 21 223 244
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 20 5 25
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 19 0 19
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 27 7 34
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 15 15 30
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 30 6 36
13 Service Occupations 20 89 109
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 2 1 3
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 6 5 11
16 Farm Operators & Managers 1 0 1
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa37j4e: 1970 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J4D, RFU34J4D, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0025 - 0993 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb37j4e: 1970 Occupational Income Score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33J4D, RFU34J4D, RFU07J4D
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0002 - 0805 1970 INCOME SCORE 503 679 1182
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

rfu37j4f: 1970 Duncan SEI score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RFU33J4D, RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf037j4f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
049 - 923 1970 DUNCAN SEI 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu38j4f: 1970 Siegel prestige score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RFU33J4D, RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf038j4f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu39j4e: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf039j4e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
1309 - 8714 1970 TSEI2 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu40j4e: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf040j4e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
1448 - 8842 1970 TSEI2 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf041j4e: 1990 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU33J4C, hh15, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 3473 3833 7306
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
010 - 940 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 505 679 1184
Note: Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable
Construction.

rf042j4e: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF015J4D, RF030J4C, hh73, hh79, hh81, ii79, ii81
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
005 - 904 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 504 679 1183
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf043j4f: 1990 Major industry code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF041J4E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J4E = 997 or 999) 2 1 3
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 1 2 3
2 Mining 3 0 3
3 Construction 41 5 46
4 Manufacturing 128 69 197
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 34 33 67
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 90 126 216
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 51 67 118
8 Business And Repair Services 28 30 58
9 Personal Services 9 28 37
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 9 7 16
11 Public Administration 16 35 51
12 Professional And Related Services 94 276 370
13 Active Duty Military 1 1 2
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf044j4f: 1990 Major occupation code for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RF041J4E, RF042J4E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J4E or RF042J4E = 997 or 999) 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 16 13 29
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 72 139 211
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 110 103 213
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 39 15 54
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 70 35 105
6 Sales: Retail Trade 34 52 86
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 15 208 223
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 19 4 23
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 22 0 22
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 27 0 27
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 17 15 32
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 31 7 38
13 Service Occupations 21 81 102
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 2 2 4
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 6 3 9
16 Farm Operators & Managers 1 0 1
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 1 2 3
18 Military Occupations 1 0 1
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf045j4f: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF042J4E
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 1 4
-2 3473 3833 7306
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 503 679 1182
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 1 0 1
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf046j4f: 1990 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RF041J4E, RF042J4E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J4E or RF042J4E = 997 or 999) 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0111 - 0997 1990 Education score 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf047j4f: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for last or only job in fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07J4D, RF041J4E, RF042J4E
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041J4E or RF042J4E = 997 or 999) 3 1 4
-2 3474 3833 7307
0042 - 0816 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 503 679 1182
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

Variable name RF048 is not used in this release.

RF049J4 variable name not used because no job lasting more than
six months was started after fourth employer spell.

rfu50j4d: The main reason that respondent left fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc92, cc9n, cc9b, cc9c, cc9d, cc9h, dd92, dd9n, dd9b, dd9c, dd9d, dd9h
Revisions: Updated 10/05      Archived variable: rf050j4d

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 2 1 3
-2 3923 4388 8311
0 RETIREMENT 3 6 9
1 OTHER WORK RELATED REASON 4 24 28
2 PARTICIPANT, SPOUSE, OR FIANCE TRANSFERRED OR TOOK NEW JOB 1 7 8
3 NO LONGER NEEDED THE INCOME 0 3 3
4 FOUND NEW JOB OR CHANGED JOBS 4 12 16
5 NEEDED/WANTED/LOOKED FOR ANOTHER JOB 0 2 2
6 STARTED (OWN) BUSINESS OR BECAME PARTNER IN A BUSINESS 5 0 5
12 JOINED OR STARTED FAMILY BUSINESS 0 1 1
20 OTHER FAMILY REASON 2 2 4
21 TO STAY HOME OR TAKE CARE OF HOUSE/CHILDREN 0 2 2
22 TO GET MARRIED, HAVE CHILDREN, OR RAISE FAMILY 0 4 4
23 MOVED OR RELOCATED 1 8 9
24 OTHER RELATIVE'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 1 6 7
25 WANTED TO DO SOMETHING ELSE OR TOOK TIME OFF 1 2 3
27 WENT/RETURNED TO SCHOOL 1 1 2
28 SPOUSE'S ILLNESS, HEALTH REASON, OR DEATH 0 1 1
40 BUSINESS CLOSED 13 19 32
43 OTHER INVOLUNTARY TERMINATION 9 7 16
44 TEMPORARY/SEASONAL LAY-OFF 3 2 5
60 PARTICIPANT'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 7 15 22

rf051j4e: Health problem for respondent or a family member that caused respondent to leave fourth employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J4C, RF050J4D, hh9e, hh9f, hh9g

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (ONGOING HEALTH PROBLEM, see NOTE) 8 12 20
-2 3972 4491 8463
318 - 411 HEALTH PROBLEM CODES 0 10 10
Note: See Appendix M - COR483h for list of health problem codes. Due
to an error in branching in the data collection instrument, this
question was not asked if the respondent's health problem was
"ongoing" (RF052J4E = 0000, N=18) or if the respondent answered
"don't know" (RF052J4E = 9997, N=0) to the question regarding
duration of this health problem. To determine whose health
condition is coded in RF051J4E, refer to RF050J4D.

rf052j4e: Length of time graduate's health problem with fourth employer lasted.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J4C, RF050J4D, hh9e, hh9f

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 0 1
-2 3973 4498 8471
0 CONDITION STILL ONGOING 6 12 18
0006 - 0104 NUMBER OF WEEKS 0 3 3
Note: This question was only asked about the graduate's health
problem.

rf053j4d: Could respondent have remained at fourth employer job spell for another 6 months?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J4C, hh9i, hh9h, hh9e
Revisions: Updated 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 9 13 22
-2 3923 4388 8311
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 YES 26 74 100
2 NO 22 37 59
Note: If involuntary termination, temporary layoff, or seasonal layoff
was the reason for leaving fourth employment spell (hh9h = 2,4,5),
then RF053J4D = 2;

If the health condition which caused the respondent to leave the
fourth employment spell is ongoing (RF052J4E = 0), then this
question was not asked (RF053J4D = 9).

rf001jcd: Century month respondent began current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF001J1C, RF001J2C, RF001J3C, RF001J4C, dyy, dmm

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 19 13 32
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 9 29 38
570 - 1126 CENTURY MONTHS 3933 4133 8066
Note: The date for starting first or only job with an employer may be
the same as last or only job, even if there was a change in dates,
because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June:
(year * 12) + 6.

rf002jcd: Century month respondent stopped working at current/last employer job spell. Refers to all consecutive work for current/last employer.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, RF002J2C, RF002J3C, RF002J4C

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 1 2 3
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 11 11
0 STILL WORKING AT CURRENT/LAST (1992/93) JOB SPELL 3675 3498 7173
1 EXPECT TO RESUME SAME SEASONAL JOB AT SAME EMPLOYER NEXT WORK SEASON 10 13 23
2 STILL WORKING THERE BUT NO LONGER MAIN JOB 0 1 1
906 - 1122 CENTURY MONTHS 275 650 925
Note: We do not ask about the end of each job but about the end of an
employment spell with an employer.

rf003jcd: Why did respondent begin working for current/last employer at that time?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF003J1C, RF003J2C, RF003J3C, RF003J4C, ii0e

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RESPONDENT STILL WORKING AT 1975 JOB, RF001JS = 13) 1936 1042 2978
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
1 BETTER PAY 59 61 120
2 BETTER BENEFITS/INSURANCE/TO MAINTAIN BENEFITS 23 53 76
3 CONVENIENT LOCATION, LIKED LOCATION 25 60 85
4 WANTED FULL-TIME WORK 11 37 48
5 WANTED PART-TIME WORK 2 69 71
6 HIRED FOR SEASONAL WORK ONLY/ TEMPORARY/IN BETWEEN JOBS 3 9 12
7 SOUGHT MORE CHALLENGING OR DIFFERENT WORK 81 81 162
8 STARTED OWN BUSINESS 303 154 457
9 SELF-FULFILLMENT; TO FULFILL A PERSONAL INTEREST 95 187 282
10 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH FAMILY OBLIGATIONS 9 43 52
11 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH HEALTH (PHYSICAL OR MENTAL) LIMITATIONS, INCLUDING STRESS, ANXIETY, ETC. 8 12 20
12 RETURNED TO WORK; CHILDREN NO LONGER NEEDED CARE 5 89 94
13 TO AVOID BOREDOM OR IDLENESS/ SOMETHING TO DO 26 160 186
14 WAS RECRUITED/ENCOURAGED TO APPLY 11 44 55
15 ELECTED/APPOINTED/PROMOTED TO POSITION 9 8 17
16 HIRED THROUGH UNION 12 0 12
17 OFFERED JOB AFTER VOLUNTEERING OR DOING TEMPORARY WORK AT EMPLOYER 6 45 51
18 JOB WAS COMPATIBLE WITH TRAINING, EXPERIENCE, OR EDUCATION 71 83 154
19 EDUCATION ENDED AND NEEDED JOB 2 13 15
20 RELOCATED/ASSIGNED/TRANSFERRED TO NEW AREA 31 59 90
21 WAS OFFERED JOB, UNSPECIFIED 117 172 289
22 WAS UNEMPLOYED/LAID OFF AND NEEDED A JOB 167 127 294
23 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY MEDICAL EXPENSES 0 3 3
24 FINANCIAL: TO DEFRAY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES, WORK 2 29 31
25 FINANCIAL: SPOUSE UNEMPLOYED, RECENTLY MARRIED, NEED FOR DUAL INCOME 0 31 31
26 APPLIED FOR JOB AND HIRED/GOT THE JOB, UNSPECIFIED 91 176 267
27 NEEDED MONEY, WANTED EXTRA MONEY (UNSPECIFIED) 125 344 469
28 OTHER 7 5 12
29 CHANGED JOBS 5 6 11
30 LIKED ATMOSPHERE, LIKED PEOPLE, LIKED ENVIRONMENT, LIKED JOB 9 21 30
31 WANTED TO WORK, WANTED TO START WORKING AGAIN (UNSPECIFIED) 8 72 80
32 NEEDED ON THE FARM 1 3 4
33 FINANCIAL: DEATH/ILLNESS OF SPOUSE 2 3 5
34 INDEPENDENCE, ABILITY TO SUPPORT SELF IF NECESSARY, ANTICIPATING DIVORCE OR DEATH OF SPOUSE 2 6 8
35 MORE DESIRABLE/FLEXIBLE HOURS (DAYTIME HOURS, NO WEEKENDS, LESS/MORE HOURS) 4 33 37
36 GOOD OPPORTUNITY (ADVANCEMENT, TRAINING, EXPERIENCE)/A BETTER JOB/ COMPANY HAS GOOD REPUTATION 460 494 954
37 SINGLE PARENT, DIVORCED, OR SEPARATED 0 7 7
38 KEEP SKILLS UP 0 2 2
39 FELLOWSHIP/GRANT FUNDED 0 2 2
40 KNEW SOMEONE WHO WORKED THERE, KNEW OWNER, HAD EXPERIENCE WITH ORGANIZATION 11 34 45
41 FORMER EMPLOYER OUT OF BUSINESS, SOLD, BANKRUPT, TAKEN OVER, MERGER 43 35 78
42 FAMILY OWNED BUSINESS, OWNED STOCK 13 26 39
43 WORK FOR COMPANY/BUSINESS BEFORE 8 8 16
44 RECALLED FROM LAYOFF 4 0 4
45 LIKED SIZE/TYPE OF COMPANY (PRIVATE/ CORPORATE, LARGE/SMALL) 1 6 7
46 PROMISE OF CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT/ STEADY WORK/SECURITY/PERFORMANCE 15 13 28
47 SPOUSE/FAMILY WANTED R TO WORK 1 6 7
48 WANTED TO HELP/SOMEONE IN NEED 0 8 8
49 NEEDED PEOPLE, COMPANY WAS EXPANDING 14 36 50
50 LEFT OLD JOB (MISCELLANEOUS) 21 10 31
51 NOTHING ELSE AVAILABLE/FIRST CHOICE NOT AVAILABLE 9 5 14
52 CONTRACTED OR ASSIGNED WORK 0 3 3
53 JOB WAS AVAILABLE 27 25 52
54 LESS TRAVEL 1 2 3
55 MOVED 3 4 7
56 MORE TRAVEL 0 1 1
57 TO AVOID BEING TRANSFERRED OR RELOCATED 2 1 3
58 RETIRED/RETIRED FROM MILITARY/ FOUND ANOTHER JOB 7 1 8
59 LOOKING FOR A JOB 51 101 152
Note: 1975 respondents who were still working in their 1975 job (RF001JS
= 13) were not asked this question.

rf004jcd: Whether first or only job in current/last employer job spell was full or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF004J1C, RF004J2C, RF004J3C, RF004J4C, ii10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 2 4 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 19 23
1 FULL-TIME 3836 2856 6692
2 PART-TIME 119 1296 1415
Note: Full-time means worked 35 hours or more per week.

rfu05jcd: 1970 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05J1C, RFU05J2C, RFU05J3C, RFU05J4C, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf005jcd

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 3956 4167 8123
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu06jcd: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06J1C, RFU06J2C, RFU06J3C, RFU06J4C, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf006jcd

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 3955 4169 8124
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu07jce: Class of worker code for current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU07J1D, RFU07J2D, RFU07J3D, RFU07J4D, ii25, ii30, ii40
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf007jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 4 7
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 14 16
1 Private company, business or individual for wages, salary or commission 2462 2743 5205
2 Government employee (federal, state or local government) 725 913 1638
3 Own business or professional practice; incorporated 261 86 347
4 Own business or professional practice; not incorporated 493 352 845
5 Working without pay in a family business or farm 15 63 78
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

rfu08jce: 1970 Major industry code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU08J1D, RFU08J2D, RFU08J3D, RFU08J4D, RFU05JCD, RFU06JCD, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf008jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 165 90 255
2 Mining 16 4 20
3 Construction 303 39 342
4 Manufacturing 1262 567 1829
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 298 146 444
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 499 788 1287
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 234 347 581
8 Business And Repair Services 198 156 354
9 Personal Services 47 195 242
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 27 32 59
11 Public Administration 278 164 442
12 Professional And Related Services 629 1639 2268
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu09jcf: 1970 Major occupation code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU09J1D, RFU09J2D, RFU09J3D, RFU09J4D, RFU05JCD, RFU06JCD, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf009jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 139 82 221
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 807 848 1655
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 531 266 797
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 268 106 374
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 255 112 367
6 Sales: Retail Trade 78 170 248
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 227 1500 1727
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 307 29 336
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 168 1 169
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 215 45 260
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 342 221 563
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 175 83 258
13 Service Occupations 188 594 782
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 38 10 48
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 74 36 110
16 Farm Operators & Managers 127 48 175
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 13 18 31
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of major industry, major
occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa10jcf: 1970 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05JCD, RFU06JCD, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
0016 - 0995 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb10jcf: 1970 Occupational Income Score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU05JCD, RFU06JCD, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
0002 - 0877 1970 INCOME SCORE 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu10jcf: 1970 Duncan SEI score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU10J1D, RFU10J2D, RFU10J3D, RFU10J4D, RFU05JCD, RFU06JCD, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf010jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
020 - 960 1970 DUNCAN SEI 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu11jcf: 1970 Siegel prestige score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU11J1D, RFU11J2D, RFU11J3D, RFU11J4D, RFU05JCD, RFU06JCD, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf011jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu12jce: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU12J1D, RFU12J2D, RFU12J3D, RFU12J4D, RFU06JCD
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf012jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
1180 - 8865 1970 MSEI2 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu13jce: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU13J1D, RFU13J2D, RFU13J3D, RFU13J4D, RFU06JCD
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf013jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
1398 - 9045 1970 TSEI2 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf014jce: 1990 Census detailed industry code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF014J1D, RF014J2D, RF014J3D, RF014J4D, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
010 - 960 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 3956 4167 8123
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

rf015jce: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF015J1D, RF015J2D, RF015J3D, RF015J4D, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
003 - 904 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 3955 4169 8124
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf016jcf: 1990 Major industry code for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF014JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014JCE = 997 or 999) 5 8 13
-2 19 338 357
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 165 89 254
2 Mining 16 4 20
3 Construction 306 39 345
4 Manufacturing 1263 567 1830
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 347 163 510
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 499 788 1287
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 232 347 579
8 Business And Repair Services 156 141 297
9 Personal Services 41 151 192
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 31 35 66
11 Public Administration 224 154 378
12 Professional And Related Services 670 1687 2357
13 Active Duty Military 6 2 8
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf017jcf: 1990 Major occupation code for for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07JCE, RF014JCE, RF015JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014JCE or RF015JCE = 997 or 999) 6 6 12
-2 19 338 357
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 113 73 186
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 715 865 1580
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 538 278 816
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 216 77 293
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 324 139 463
6 Sales: Retail Trade 150 321 471
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 211 1393 1604
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 288 53 341
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 170 0 170
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 220 27 247
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 363 187 550
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 202 70 272
13 Service Occupations 190 554 744
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 32 21 53
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 53 39 92
16 Farm Operators & Managers 130 50 180
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 37 22 59
18 Military Occupations 3 0 3
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 for detailed coding instructions.

rf018jcf: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF015JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 3952 4169 8121
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 3 0 3
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rf019jcf: 1990 Occupational Education Score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07JCE, RF014JCE, RF015JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014JCE or RF015JCE = 997 or 999) 6 6 12
-2 22 338 360
0000 - 0999 1990 Education score 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf020jcf: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for first or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07JCE, RF014JCE, RF015JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF014JCE or RF015JCE = 997 or 999) 6 6 12
-2 22 338 360
0037 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 3952 4169 8121
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rf021jce: City where current/last employer job spell is located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, bb11, cc45, dd47, hh47, ii46, ii47
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF022JCD = 997 or 999) 60 83 143
-2 19 338 357
0002 - 2511 CITY CODES 3901 4092 7993
Note: See Appendix F, Cor685 for coding schema

rf022jcd: State where current/last employer job spell is located.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF022J1C, RF022J2C, RF022J3C, RF022J4C, ii46, ii50
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 6 11 17
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 Alabama 7 5 12
2 Alaska 9 2 11
3 Arizona 39 62 101
4 Arkansas 7 6 13
5 California 162 158 320
6 Colorado 45 55 100
7 Connecticut 10 9 19
8 Delaware 5 2 7
9 Washington, D.C. 18 6 24
10 Florida 66 76 142
11 Georgia 24 17 41
12 Hawaii 2 0 2
13 Idaho 5 4 9
14 Illinois 170 164 334
15 Indiana 25 27 52
16 Iowa 38 34 72
17 Kansas 4 5 9
18 Kentucky 6 7 13
19 Louisiana 8 4 12
20 Maine 2 2 4
21 Maryland 16 16 32
22 Massachusetts 10 16 26
23 Michigan 54 41 95
24 Minnesota 197 180 377
25 Mississippi 3 7 10
26 Missouri 23 22 45
27 Montana 10 4 14
28 Nebraska 7 9 16
29 Nevada 14 12 26
30 New Hampshire 3 0 3
31 New Jersey 12 15 27
32 New Mexico 14 15 29
33 New York 31 27 58
34 North Carolina 17 19 36
35 North Dakota 1 5 6
36 Ohio 25 28 53
37 Oklahoma 10 11 21
38 Oregon 22 15 37
39 Pennsylvania 21 22 43
40 Rhode Island 1 3 4
41 South Carolina 7 7 14
42 South Dakota 5 3 8
43 Tennessee 8 13 21
44 Texas 57 47 104
45 Utah 6 4 10
46 Vermont 1 0 1
47 Virginia 26 26 52
48 Washington 48 28 76
49 West Virginia 1 1 2
50 Wisconsin 2639 2904 5543
51 Wyoming 0 2 2
53 Australia 0 1 1
57 Brazil 1 0 1
59 Canada 5 9 14
61 Chile 1 0 1
64 Ethiopia 1 0 1
65 France 1 0 1
66 Germany 3 0 3
68 Greece 0 1 1
69 Guam 0 1 1
78 Netherlands (Holland) 1 0 1
82 Pakistan 0 1 1
86 Spain 0 1 1
90 Turkey 0 1 1
996 OTHER 0 1 1

rf023jcc: Did respondent belong to a labor union in the current/last employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, 298s

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (CURRENT/LAST JOB IS SAME AS 1975 JOB, RF001JS = 13 OR SELF-EMPLOYED IN 1975, cc25 = 3) 1530 632 2162
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 YES 515 534 1049
2 NO 1916 3008 4924
Note: This question was not asked if the respondent's current/last job
is the same job as the 1975 job (RF001JS = 13). Also, this
question is not asked if the respondent was self-employed in 1975
(cc25 = 3). For information on whether respondent was in a union
during the first job spell, refer to variable RF023J1C.

RF024JC - RF025JC variable names not used because questions
regarding family participation in labor unions were not asked for
employment spells other than the first spell.

rf026jcd: Does company in current/last employer job spell offer a pension or retirement plan?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF026J1C, RF026J2C, RF026J3C, RF026J4C, ii67

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 6 4 10
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 9 23 32
1 YES 2822 2374 5196
2 NO 1124 1774 2898

rf027jcd: Does company in current/last employer job spell offer health insurance?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF027J1C, RF027J2C, RF027J3C, RF027J4C, ii68

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 7 4 11
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 14 21
1 YES 3231 2685 5916
2 NO 716 1472 2188

rf028jcd: While working at current/last employer job spell, did respondent take any training or classes that could help him/her to find another job?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF028J1C, RF028J2C, RF028J3C, RF028J4C, ii69

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 7 6 13
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 2 8
1 YES 441 464 905
2 NO 3507 3703 7210

rf029jce: Type of job respondent thought training in current/last employer job spell could help to find.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF028JCD, ii70

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-2 3539 4049 7588
0 R HAD TRAINING BUT OPEN-ENDED QUESTIONS NEVER CODED! 441 464 905
Note: Typical responses, in order of frequency, are: to gain computer
training, to get into management/administration, to enhance job
performance, to get into teaching, to get into social service
work, and to improve secretarial/clerical skills.

rf030jcd: Did respondent ever have a change in his/her most important job activities or duties during current/last employer job spell?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF030J1C, RF030J2C, RF030J3C, RF030J4C

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (SELF-EMPLOYED, cc25 or dd25 or ee25 or ff25 or gg25 = 3) 694 413 1107
-2 118 490 608
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 YES 1325 1371 2696
2 NO 1842 2238 4080
Note: If respondent reported status as self-employed this question was
not asked (RF030JCD = 9).

If the current/last job was held for less than 6 months, the
respondent was not asked about job changes. Therefore, the data
will be the "only" job in both the first and last current/last job
entries (RF030JCD = 8).

rf031jce: Century month respondent started last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF031J1D, RF031J2D, RF031J3D, RF031J4D

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 23 15 38
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 22 62 84
570 - 1126 CENTURY MONTHS 3916 4098 8014
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

The date for starting last or only job with an employer may be the
same as first or only job, even if there was a change in dates,
because only the year the respondent started the job was
collected. Century month is calculated using June: (year * 12)
+ 6.

rf032jce: Whether last or only job in current/last employer job spell was full or part-time.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF032J1D, RF032J2D, RF032J3D, RF032J4D, ii10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 6 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 16 19
1 FULL-TIME 3828 2998 6826
2 PART-TIME 127 1155 1282
Note: Full-time means working 35 hours or more per week.

rfu33jce: 1970 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU05JCD, ii15
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf033jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
017 - 937 1970 INDUSTRY CODES 3956 4167 8123
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable
Construction.

rfu34jce: 1970 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RFU06JCD, RFU34J1D, RFU34J2D, RFU34J3D, RFU34J4D
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf034jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
001 - 984 1970 OCCUPATION CODES 3956 4170 8126
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and
original variables. Original variables used prior to the
9/99 update are retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E on occupational coding and variable construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rfu35jcf: 1970 Major industry code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33JCE, RFU34JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf035jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 165 90 255
2 Mining 16 4 20
3 Construction 303 39 342
4 Manufacturing 1262 567 1829
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 298 146 444
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 499 788 1287
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 234 347 581
8 Business And Repair Services 198 156 354
9 Personal Services 47 195 242
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 27 32 59
11 Public Administration 278 164 442
12 Professional And Related Services 629 1639 2268
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer but since the 1970 major industry variable uses both
industry and occupation, it must be recalculated using the last or
only occupation code. See Appendix E - COR713 for Creation of
major industry, major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu36jcf: 1970 Major occupation code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33JCE, RFU34JCE, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf036jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 139 82 221
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 754 861 1615
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 739 474 1213
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 269 104 373
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 227 117 344
6 Sales: Retail Trade 67 146 213
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 234 1362 1596
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 300 41 341
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 164 1 165
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 212 51 263
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 276 198 474
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 159 72 231
13 Service Occupations 182 554 736
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 36 7 43
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 55 36 91
16 Farm Operators & Managers 129 49 178
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 11 15 26
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfa37jcf: 1970 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33JCE, RFU34JCE, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RFU33JCE or RFU34JCE = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 dk 0 1 1
0016 - 0995 1970 EDUCATION SCORE 3953 4170 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfb37jcf: 1970 Occupational Income Score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33JCE, RFU34JCE, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Added 9/99; Updated 12/99, 9/00     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RFU33JCE or RFU34JCE = 997 or 999) 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 dk 0 1 1
0002 - 0877 1970 INCOME SCORE 3953 4170 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1970-basis occupational income score is the
percentage of persons in the 1970 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category whose income was
at least $10,000 in 1969. See Appendix E--
COR 638 and COR 713 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable is described in MEMO 133.

rfu37jcf: 1970 Duncan SEI score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33JCE, RFU34JCE, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf037jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
020 - 960 1970 DUNCAN SEI 3953 4170 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu38jcf: 1970 Siegel prestige score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU33JCE, RFU34JCE, RFU07JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99; Updated 9/00      Archived variable: rf038jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
141 - 812 1970 SIEGEL PRESTIGE 3953 4170 8123
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO 133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu39jcf: 1970 MSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf039jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1180 - 8865 1970 MSEI2 3953 4170 8123
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rfu40jcf: 1970 TSEI2 occupational status score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU34JCE
Revisions: Replacement 9/99      Archived variable: rf040jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 22 338 360
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1398 - 9045 1970 TSEI2 3953 4170 8123
Note: See Change Notice #19 for difference between updated and original
variables. Original variables used prior to the 9/99 update are
retained in a separate module - archvd57_94.

See Appendix E - COR713 and MEMO133 for Creation of major industry,
major occupation, status, and prestige.

rf041jcf: 1990 Census detailed industry code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF014J1D, RF014J2D, RF014J3D, RF014J4D, ii15
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 3 3 6
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 5 7
010 - 960 1990 INDUSTRY CODES 3956 4167 8123
Note: Industry code is always the same for first and last job with the
same employer. See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable
Construction.

rfu42jcf: 1990 Census detailed occupation code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF042J1E, RF042J2E, RF042J3E, RF042J4E, ii01, ii05
Revisions: Replacement 2/06      Archived variable: rf042jcf

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
003 - 904 1990 OCCUPATION CODES 3956 4170 8126
Note: See Appendix E on Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

The number of military codes may vary for two reasons:
(1) there is a difference in the coding of military
occupations between the 1970 and 1990 Census; and (2)
an individual may work for the military "industry"
(government) as either a civilian or a member of the
military. These two issues create some confusion in
the assignment of the codes for"military" or
"inappropriate". All cases of this type have been
checked and should be assigned correctly.

(1) The number of military employees may vary between 1970 and
1990 codes for the exact same job. In 1970, all military
employees were assigned to government industry and given a
generic military code (ind = 917; occ = 970-973) regardless of
the exact occupational tasks they performed. In 1990, the Census
basis codes assigned military employees a government industry
(ind = 940-960), but if they held a job that also existed in the
civilian community, they were assigned a non-military occupation
code. The only individuals who received the 1990 generic
military occupation codes (903-905) were individuals who held
jobs that only existed in the military and had no comparable
civilian code.

(2) An individual could work for the military as either a member
of the military or as a civilian. If the individual indicated a
change in jobs within the same employer, one of those jobs could
be listed as a military occupation, while the other may be listed
as civilian. There are cases where the first job within an
employer spell was military and the last job within the same
spell was civilian, as well as the reverse situation.

rf043jcg: 1990 Major industry code for last job or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF041JCF
Revisions: Added 9/99     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041JCF = 997 or 999) 5 8 13
-2 19 338 357
1 Agriculture, Forestry, And Fisheries 165 89 254
2 Mining 16 4 20
3 Construction 306 39 345
4 Manufacturing 1263 567 1830
5 Transportation, Communications, And Other Public Utilities 347 163 510
6 Wholesale And Retail Trade 499 788 1287
7 Finance, Insurance, And Real Estate 232 347 579
8 Business And Repair Services 156 141 297
9 Personal Services 41 151 192
10 Entertainment And Recreation Services 31 35 66
11 Public Administration 224 154 378
12 Professional And Related Services 670 1687 2357
13 Active Duty Military 6 2 8
Note: The 1990 Major Industry categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
industries which may have changed category between
1970 and 1990 (for example, US Postal Service)
keep their 1990 major industry designation. No
attempt was made to reconcile these cases.

Major industry code is always the same for first and last
job with the same employer. See Appendix E - COR681 on
Occupation Coding and Variable Construction.

rfu44jcg: 1990 Major occupation code for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07JCE, RF041JCF, rfu42jcf
Revisions: Replacement 2/06      Archived variable: rf044jcg

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041JCF or rfu42jcf = 997 or 999) 5 5 10
-2 19 338 357
1 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 113 73 186
2 Professional, Technical & Specialty: Salaried & N.A. 661 859 1520
3 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Salaried & N.A. 731 466 1197
4 Executives, Administrators & Managers: Self-Employed & w/o Pay 216 76 292
5 Sales: Not Retail Trade 306 145 451
6 Sales: Retail Trade 150 303 453
7 Administrator Support, Including Clerical 223 1280 1503
8 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Manufacturing 294 59 353
9 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: Construction 170 0 170
10 Precision Production, Craftsmen, Repair: All Other & N.A. 209 32 241
11 Operators & Fabricators: Manufacturing 288 174 462
12 Operators & Fabricators: All Other & N.A. 188 66 254
13 Service Occupations 176 518 694
14 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: Manufacturing 30 15 45
15 Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, Helpers/Laborers: All Other & N.A. 38 34 72
16 Farm Operators & Managers 132 51 183
17 Farm Workers & Related Occupations 29 19 48
18 Military Occupations 2 0 2
Note: The 1990 Major Occupation categories are selected
to resemble the 1970 categories, but individual
occupations which may have changed category
between 1970 and 1990 (for example, Actors and
Directors) keep their 1990 major industry
designation. No attempt was made to reconcile
these cases. The large number of such cases makes
direct comparison between 1970 and 1990 Major
Occupation categories unadvisable. For a list of
all such individual changes, see Kubitschek 1986
(Center for Demography Working Paper 86-6).

See Appendix E - COR681 on Occupation Coding and
Variable Construction.

rfu45jcg: 1989 Nakao-Treas Prestige Rating for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: rfu42jcf
Revisions: Replacement 2/06      Archived variable: rf045jcg

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 5 4 9
-2 19 338 357
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
126 - 946 1989 PRESTIGE RATING 3954 4170 8124
996 MILITARY OCCUPATION, NO PRESTIGE ASSIGNED 2 0 2
Note: There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of the
right most digit.

The 1989 Nakao-Treas prestige rating is the
percentage of respondents in the 1989 NORC General
Social Survey who ranked an occupation in category 5
or above on a 9-point scale. See Appendix E--COR 683
for details and a recommended transformation of this
variable.

rfu46jcg: 1990 Occupational Education Score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07JCE, RF041JCF, rfu42jcf
Revisions: Replacement 2/06      Archived variable: rf046jcg

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041JCF or rfu42jcf = 997 or 999) 5 5 10
-2 21 338 359
0000 - 0999 1990 Education score 3954 4170 8124
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational education score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who completed
one year of college or more. See Appendix E--
COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

rfu47jcg: 1990 Occupational Earnings Score for last or only job in current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RFU07JCE, RF041JCF, rfu42jcf
Revisions: Replacement 2/06      Archived variable: rf047jcg

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 DON'T KNOW, REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (RF041JCF or rfu42jcf = 997 or 999) 5 5 10
-2 21 338 359
0037 - 0876 TOTAL EARNINGS SCORE 3954 4170 8124
Note: See Change Notice #21 for information about the 9/00 update.

There is an implied decimal point one place to the left of
the right most digit.

The 1990-basis occupational earnings score is the
percentage of persons in the 1990 Census in an occupation/
industry/class-of-worker category who earned
at least $14.30 per hour in 1989. See Appendix
E--COR 639 and COR 684 for details, and a recommended
transformation of this variable.

Consistent with 1990 Census procedures, civilian occupation
codes were assigned to military personnel if they described
civilian occupational activities. Therefore, it is possible
to assign a code for those individuals on this variable.

Individuals in the military who only described military
occupations were assigned the military occupation codes and
coded inappropriate on this variable.

RF048-RF049 variable names are not used in this release because no
job lasting more than six months was started after current/last job.

rfu50jce: The main reason that respondent left current/last employer job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002J1C, cc92, cc9n, cc9b, cc9c, cc9d, cc9h, dd92, dd9n, dd9b, dd9c, dd9d, dd9h
Revisions: Replacement 10/05      Archived variable: rf050jce

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED 2 6 8
-2 3704 3849 7553
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
0 RETIREMENT 93 55 148
1 OTHER WORK RELATED REASON 15 86 101
2 PARTICIPANT, SPOUSE, OR FIANCE TRANSFERRED OR TOOK NEW JOB 0 39 39
3 NO LONGER NEEDED THE INCOME 1 11 12
4 FOUND NEW JOB OR CHANGED JOBS 2 5 7
5 NEEDED/WANTED/LOOKED FOR ANOTHER JOB 1 3 4
6 STARTED (OWN) BUSINESS OR BECAME PARTNER IN A BUSINESS 1 3 4
7 SOLD (OWN) BUSINESS OR FARMLAND 0 1 1
8 DISTANCE TO JOB WAS TOO FAR OR INCONVENIENT 1 0 1
20 OTHER FAMILY REASON 0 42 42
21 TO STAY HOME OR TAKE CARE OF HOUSE/CHILDREN 0 33 33
22 TO GET MARRIED, HAVE CHILDREN, OR RAISE FAMILY 1 30 31
23 MOVED OR RELOCATED 4 23 27
24 OTHER RELATIVE'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 2 24 26
25 WANTED TO DO SOMETHING ELSE OR TOOK TIME OFF 2 15 17
26 SPOUSE RETIRED OR WANTED TO RETIRE 0 12 12
27 WENT/RETURNED TO SCHOOL 4 7 11
28 SPOUSE'S ILLNESS, HEALTH REASON, OR DEATH 0 9 9
29 TO BABYSIT GRANDCHILDREN (WITH OR WITHOUT PAY) 0 7 7
30 TO DO VOLUNTEER WORK 0 4 4
31 TRAVEL, VACATION, SABBATICAL 0 3 3
32 OTHER 0 2 2
33 ECONOMIC/FINANCIAL REASONS OR BANKRUPTCY 0 1 1
37 FOR RELIGIOUS REASONS (SUCH AS BECOMING A MISSIONARY) 0 1 1
40 BUSINESS CLOSED 51 89 140
43 OTHER INVOLUNTARY TERMINATION 17 21 38
44 TEMPORARY/SEASONAL LAY-OFF 4 8 12
45 BUSINESS WAS SOLD, BOUGHT OUT, OR CHANGED OWNERS 1 1 2
46 TEMPORARY JOB ENDED, CONTRACT COMPLETED 0 1 1
60 PARTICIPANT'S ILLNESS/HEALTH REASON 73 119 192
61 CALLED TO ACTIVE MILITARY DUTY 1 1 2

rf051jcf: Health problem for respondent or a family member that caused respondent to leave current/last job spell.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002JCD, RF050JCE, RF051J1E, RF051J2E, RF051J3E, RF051J4E

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED (ONGOING HEALTH PROBLEM, see NOTE) 61 88 149
-2 3905 4362 8267
301 - 411 HEALTH PROBLEM CODES 14 63 77
Note: See Appendix M - COR483h for list of health problem codes. Due
to an error in branching in the data collection instrument, this
question was not asked if the respondent's health problem was
"ongoing" (RF052JCF = 0000, N=107) or if the respondent answered
"don't know" (RF052JCF = 9997, N=8) to the question regarding
duration of this health problem. To determine whose health
condition is coded in RF051JCF, refer to RF050JCE.

rf052jcf: Length of time respondent's health problem with current/last job spell lasted.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002JCD, RF050JCE, RF052J1E, RF052J2E, RF052J3E, RF052J4E

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 6 6 12
-2 3907 4394 8301
0 CONDITION STILL ONGOING 55 82 137
1 ONE WEEK OR LESS 1 1 2
0002 - 1300 NUMBER OF WEEKS 11 30 41
Note: This question was only asked about the graduate's health
problem.

rf053jce: Could respondent have remained at current/last employer job spell for another six months?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: RF001JS, RF002JCD, RF053J1D, RF053J2D, RF053J3D, RF053J4D

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED/NOT ASCERTAINED 61 85 146
-2 3704 3849 7553
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 3 6
1 YES 143 425 568
2 NO 69 151 220
Note: If involuntary termination, temporary layoff, or seasonal layoff
was the reason for leaving last employment spell (RF050JCE = 15,
17, 18), then RF053JCE = 2.
If the health condition which caused the respondent to leave the
last employment spell is ongoing (RF052JCF = 0), then this
question was not asked (RF053JCE = 9).

rf054jce: Tenure is the number of years that the respondent has worked for the current or last employer.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 1992-93      Mode: phone
Source variables: ii00, dyy

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1011 813 1824
-3 REFUSED, NOT ASCERTAINED 28 47 75
-2 19 338 357
5 - 30 655 1043 1698
40 - 90 653 1150 1803
100 - 170 691 1082 1773
180 - 270 1083 614 1697
280 - 410 850 239 1089
460 FORTY-SIX YEARS - IMPLIED DECIMAL 1 0 1

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