WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Family/Work

xck125       Number of intervals between child births asked
xwwwrbm      Was sibling employed before first marriage? 
xwwnwbm      Number of weeks sibling stopped working before first marriage 
xwwhrbm      Number of hours usually worked per week before first marriage 
 
  There are four loops of intervals:  between first marriage and first birth 
  (*=m1,#=1,%=m) between first birth and second birth (*=12,#=2,%=1), between 
  second and third birth (*=23,#=3,%=2), and between next to last and last 
  birth (*=3l,#=l,%=3).
     xwwwr*       Was sibling employed between interval 
     xwwswa%      Number of weeks sibling started working after first point 
     xwwpwb#      Number of weeks sibling stopped working before second point
     xwwmo*       Number of months sibling was employed during interval
     xwwnh*       Hours worked per week at longest job held during interval 
     

xwwwral      Has sibling been employed since the end of the last interval?  
xwyswwk      Weeks sibling started working after end of the last interval
xcmwnph      Date sibling stopped working since end of the last interval 
xwwmoal      Number of months sibling was employed since the last interval 
xwynhal      Hours worked per week at job held since the last interval

xck125: Highest column completed in question 83, represents number of intervals between child births asked.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 74 1118
0 None 0 121 121
1 First column 0 106 106
2 Second column 0 283 283
3 Third column 0 233 233
4 Fourth column 0 269 269

xwwwrbm: Was sibling respondent employed before first marriage?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83a0
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 74 1118
1 Employed 0 952 952
2 Not employed 0 60 60
Note: This variable does not have a code of "3" (worked less than
15 hours per week at family business or farm without pay) as in 1975
because Q125h(0) (class of worker before marriage) was not asked in 1977.

xwwnwbm: Number of weeks sibling respondent stopped working before first marriage.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83c0
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 134 1178
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
000 - 260 NUMBER OF WEEKS 0 950 950

xwwhrbm: Number of hours usually worked per week at longest job held before marriage.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83d0
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3256 6649
-2 1044 134 1178
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 8 8
2 two 0 1 1
02 - 69 Two to sixty-nine or more hours 0 943 943
69 69+ 0 6 6

xwwwrm1: Was sibling respondent employed between first marriage and first birth?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83a1
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 195 1239
1 Employed 0 688 688
2 Not employed 0 203 203
Note: This variable does not have a code of "3" (worked less than
15 hours per week at family business or farm without pay) as in 1975
because Q125h(1) (class of worker between marriage and first birth)
was not asked in 1977.

xwwswam: Number of weeks sibling respondent started working after marriage.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83b1
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 398 1442
0 0 579 579
1 - 156 0 107 107

xwwpwb1: Number of weeks sibling respondent stopped working before first birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83c1
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 398 1442
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 3 3
0 - 4 0 205 205
5 - 11 0 136 136
13 - 17 0 149 149
22 - 43 0 136 136
47 - 312 0 57 57

xwwmom1: Number of months sibling respondent was employed between first marriage and first birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 61a, 61b, 64a1, 72, 72a, 75a1, 79, 83a1, 83b1, 83c1
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3263 6656
-2 1044 398 1442
0 - 5 0 154 154
6 - 10 0 144 144
11 - 19 0 140 140
20 - 38 0 136 136
39 - 194 0 106 106
Note: For ever-married women who reported that they were employed during
this interval, this variable represents the length of the interval minus
the time not employed during the interval. For women with more than one
job during the interval, this variable can over-estimate the total time,
in months, that the woman was employed, depending on the length of the
labor force interruption between the two jobs. Any woman who reports
having worked during this interval and who reports the length of time
she was not employed during the interval as longer than the length of
the interval is scored "0".

xwwnhm1: Number of hours worked per week at longest job held between first marriage and first birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83d1
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3258 6651
-2 1044 398 1442
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 5 5
8 eight 0 3 3
08 - 69 Eight to sixty-nine or more hours 0 680 680
69 69+ 0 3 3

xwwwr12: Was sibling respondent employed between first birth and second birth?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83a2
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 301 1345
1 Employed 0 276 276
2 Not employed 0 509 509
Note: This variable does not have a code of "3" (worked less than
15 hours per week at family business or farm without pay) as in 1975
because Q125h(2) (class of worker between first and second births)
was not asked in 1977.

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwswa1: Number of weeks sibling respondent started working after first birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83b2
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 810 1854
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
0 - 6 0 57 57
7 - 13 0 62 62
17 - 26 0 58 58
30 - 65 0 54 54
73 - 312 0 42 42
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwpwb2: Number of weeks sibling respondent stopped working before second birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83c2
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 810 1854
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 3 3
0 - 4 0 84 84
6 - 13 0 73 73
15 - 43 0 57 57
47 - 156 0 56 56
260 0 1 1
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwmo12: Number of months sibling respondent was employed between first birth and second birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 79, 83a2, 83b2, 83c2
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3262 6655
-2 1044 810 1854
000 - 151 NUMBER OF MONTHS 0 269 269
Note: For ever-married women who reported that they were employed during
this interval, this variable represents the length of the interval minus
the time not employed during the interval. For women with more than one
job during the interval, this variable can over-estimate the total time,
in months, that the woman was employed, depending on the length of the
labor force interruption between the two jobs. Any woman who reports
having worked during this interval and who reports the length of time
she was not employed during the interval as longer than the length of
the interval is scored "0".

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwnh12: Number of hours worked per week at longest job held between first and second birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83d2
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3258 6651
-2 1044 810 1854
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
0 none 0 1 1
3 three 0 1 1
6 - 20 0 68 68
21 - 40 0 185 185
45 - 56 0 15 15
69 69+ 0 1 1

xwwwr23: Was sibling respondent employed between second and third birth?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83a3
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 584 1628
1 Employed 0 144 144
2 Not employed 0 358 358
Note: This variable does not have a code of "3" (worked less than
15 hours per week at family business or farm without pay)
as in 1975 because Q125h(3) (class of worker between second
and third births) was not asked in 1977.

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwswa2: Number of weeks sibling respondent started working after second birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83b3
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 942 1986
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
0 - 6 0 30 30
9 - 17 0 32 32
22 - 52 0 36 36
78 - 156 0 31 31
208 - 520 0 13 13
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwpwb3: Number of weeks sibling respondent stopped working before third birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83c3
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 942 1986
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 4 4
0 - 4 0 36 36
6 - 13 0 32 32
15 - 26 0 33 33
30 - 104 0 30 30
156 - 208 0 9 9
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwmo23: Number of months sibling respondent was employed between second to third birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 79, 83a3, 83b3, 83c3
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3259 6652
-2 1044 942 1986
0 - 8 0 29 29
9 - 15 0 32 32
16 - 27 0 29 29
28 - 44 0 28 28
45 - 205 0 22 22
Note: For ever-married women who reported that they were employed during
this interval, this variable represents the length of the interval minus
the time not employed during the interval. For women with more than one
job during the interval, this variable can over-estimate the total time,
in months, that the woman was employed, depending on the length of the
labor force interruption between the two jobs. Any woman who reports
having worked during this interval and who reports the length of time
she was not employed during the interval as longer than the length of
the interval is scored "0".

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwnh23: Number of hours worked per week at longest job held between second and third birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83d3
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 942 1986
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 3 3
1 one 0 1 1
5 - 18 0 29 29
20 - 24 0 28 28
25 - 40 0 75 75
50 - 56 0 7 7
69 69+ 0 1 1

xwwwr3l: Was sibling respondent employed between next to last and last birth?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83a4
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 817 1861
1 Employed 0 64 64
2 Not employed 0 205 205
Note: This variable does not have a code of "3" (worked less than
15 hours per week at family business or farm without pay)
as in 1975 because Q125h(4) (class of worker between next
to last and last births) was not asked in 1977.

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwswa3: Number of weeks sibling respondent started working after next to last birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83b4
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3256 6649
-2 1044 1022 2066
0 - 6 0 14 14
9 - 13 0 12 12
17 - 47 0 12 12
52 - 208 0 14 14
260 - 520 0 11 11
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwpwbl: Number of weeks sibling respondent stopped working before last birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83c4
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 1022 2066
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
0 - 2 0 12 12
3 - 6 0 12 12
9 - 13 0 12 12
17 - 34 0 13 13
52 - 312 0 11 11
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwmo3l: Number of months sibling respondent was employed between the next to last and last birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 79, 83b4, 83c4
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3259 6652
-2 1044 1022 2066
0 - 7 0 13 13
8 - 17 0 14 14
18 - 31 0 12 12
34 - 54 0 13 13
55 - 133 0 8 8
Note: For ever-married women who reported that they were employed during
this interval, this variable represents the length of the interval minus
the time not employed during the interval. For women with more than one
job during the interval, this variable can over-estimate the total time,
in months, that the woman was employed, depending on the length of the
labor force interruption between the two jobs. Any woman who reports
having worked during this interval and who reports the length of time
she was not employed during the interval as longer than the length of
the interval is scored "0".

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwnh3l: Number of hours worked per week at longest job held between next to last and last birth.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 83d4
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3255 6648
-2 1044 1022 2066
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 one 0 1 1
2 0 1 1
5 0 1 1
8 0 3 3
12 0 1 1
15 0 2 2
16 0 3 3
20 0 10 10
24 0 3 3
25 0 2 2
26 0 1 1
30 0 1 1
32 0 2 2
35 0 3 3
37 0 1 1
40 0 25 25
42 0 1 1
50 0 1 1
69 69+ 0 1 1

xwwwral: Has the sibling respondent been employed since the end of the last family/work period?

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 84, 84a
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3253 6646
-2 1044 78 1122
1 Employed 0 723 723
2 Not employed 0 287 287
Note: This variable does not have a code of "3" (worked less than
15 hours per week at family business or farm without pay)
as in 1975 because Q128d (class of worker between end of
last birth and time of interview) was not asked in 1977.

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwyswwk: Number of weeks sibling respondent started working after end of the last family/work period.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 85
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 362 1406
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 3 3
0 - 4 0 145 145
5 - 43 0 146 146
47 - 156 0 161 161
182 - 364 0 170 170
390 - 590 0 97 97
Note: Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xcmwnph: Century month sibling respondent stopped working since end of the last family/work period.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 84a, 84b
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3253 6646
-2 1044 946 1990
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
676 - 868 0 28 28
869 - 899 0 28 28
900 - 915 0 28 28
916 - 921 0 29 29
922 - 926 0 28 28
Note: Last 2 digits of year times 12 plus 1 = January of year
used in the equation (e.g. 38 x 12 + 1 = 457 = January,
1938). See Appendix A - COR607 for Conversion into century months.

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women.

xwwmoal: Number of months sibling respondent was employed since the end of the last family/work period.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 61a, 61b, 64a1, 72, 72a, 75a1, 79, 84, 84a, 84b, 85
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3262 6655
-2 1044 362 1406
0 - 22 0 146 146
23 - 53 0 145 145
54 - 88 0 144 144
89 - 139 0 144 144
140 - 434 0 138 138
Note: For ever-married women who reported that they were employed during
this interval, this variable represents the length of the interval minus
the time not employed during the interval. For women with more than one
job during the interval, this variable can over-estimate the total time,
in months, that the woman was employed, depending on the length of the
labor force interruption between the two jobs. Any woman who reports
having worked during this interval and who reports the length of time
she was not employed during the interval as longer than the length of
the interval is scored "0".

For the four people who had more than ten children, we
calculated this variable by hand using data from the
interview schedule on the birth date of the last child.

Before using these variables, see Appendix C - COR690 and
COR690a for important information regarding marriage dates,
fertility rosters, biological and non-biological children,
and work history sections for ever-married women

xwynhal: Number of hours worked per week at job since the end of the last family/work period.

Data source: Sibling Respondent      Collected in: 1977      Mode: phone
Source variables: 86
Revisions: Updated 3/97     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-3 NOT ASCERTAINED OR NONSAMPLE 3393 3257 6650
-2 1044 362 1406
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
0 None 0 2 2
2 two 0 2 2
02 - 69 Two to sixty-nine or more hours 0 719 719
69 69+ 0 4 4

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