WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Depression

HDEPR - Depression Module for Graduate-Spouse Phone Instrument 

For more information on the Depression Module see Appendix M.


OVERVIEW

Information about the Graduate-Spouse Respondent's depression experience was
collected in the following manner:

Life-time experiences of depression have been aksed to Graduate-Spouse
Respondents who were randomly selected to answer on alcohol comsumption and
depression experiences (ALCFLAG = 1).

The 2004 Graduate, Graduate-Spouse, Graduate-Sibling share same depression
module.

These depression modules are replicates of 1992 Graduate depression module.


BRIEF VARIABLE DESCRIPTIONS 

AU001RE               Random sub-sample selection flag (ALCFLAG)

AU002RE-AU012RE       Ever depressed, age, symptoms. 

AU013RE               Count of depression episodes lasting two weeks
                      or more.

AU014RE-AU015RE       Length of depression episode for respondents
                      who had ONLY ONE episode.

AU016RE-AU019RE       Average duration and average time between 
                      episodes for respondents who had more than
                      one depression episode.

AU020RE-AU021RE       Age at first and last episodes of depression.

AU022RE-AU023RE       Psychological well-being between depression
                      episodes.

AU024RE               Count of depression symptoms.

AUA24RE               Number of valid responses for AU024RE.

au001re: Random 80 percent sample for depression section.

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: Not Applicable
Source variables: ALCFLAG

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
0 NOT INCLUDED IN THE ALCOHOL SUBSAMPLE 408 449 857
1 INCLUDED IN THE ALCOHOL SUBSAMPLE 1400 1633 3033
Note: If au001re is 0, then no further questions are asked.

Religion, recall, alcohol and depression are asked of the same sample.

This variable is identical to aua01re in the Alchol module.

au002re: Have you ever had a time in life lasting two weeks or more when nearly every day you felt sad, blue, depressed, or when you lost interest in most things like work, hobbies, or things you usually liked to do for fun?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u100

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 1 3
-3 REFUSED 3 6 9
-2 408 449 857
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 YES 222 435 657
2 NO 1172 1190 2362
Note: If au002re is NOT 1, then no further questions are asked.

au003re: Were your experiences with depression always caused by alcohol, drugs, medications, or physical illness?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u120

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 1 3
-2 Inappropriate 1584 1646 3230
-1 Don't Know 8 5 13
1 Yes 45 83 128
2 Sometimes 7 14 21
3 No 162 333 495
Note: If au003re is 1, then no further questions are asked.

au004re: What age were you when you experienced the worst, particularly bad, or the most recent period of depression?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u120, h_u130, h_u140, h_u150

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 1 3
-3 Refused 1 0 1
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 Don't Know 5 3 8
10 - 99 10 to 99 years old 171 349 520
Note: See au005re for types of depressive episode.
Note: We first ask about the age of the worst period.
If there is no worst period or all periods are alike,
then we ask about the particulary bad one.
If respondent cannot think of the particulary bad one,
then we ask about the most recent one.

au005re: Was this depression the worst, particularly bad, or the most recent episode?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u120, h_u130, h_u140, h_u150

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 1 3
-2 1629 1729 3358
1 Data is for the worst spell 161 338 499
2 Data is for a particularly bad spell 6 6 12
3 Data is for the most recent spell 10 8 18

au006re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you lose weight without trying to - as much as 2 pounds a week for several weeks or as much as 10 pounds altogether?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u160

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-3 REFUSED 1 0 1
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 9 14
1 YES 46 99 145
2 NO 125 243 368
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.

au007re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you have two weeks or more when nearly every night you had trouble falling asleep?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u170

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 7 14
1 YES 75 214 289
2 NO 95 130 225
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.

au008re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you have two weeks or more when you lacked energy or felt tired all the time, even when you had not been working very hard?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u180

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 5 8
1 YES 100 261 361
2 NO 74 85 159
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.

au009re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you have two weeks or more when you felt very bad when waking up, but felt better later in the day?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u190

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-3 REFUSED 2 0 2
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 12 19 31
1 YES 81 176 257
2 NO 82 156 238
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.

au010re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you have two weeks or more when you lost interest in most things like work, hobbies, or things you usually liked to do for fun?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u200

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-3 REFUSED 1 0 1
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 6 7 13
1 YES 107 250 357
2 NO 63 94 157
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.

au011re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you have two weeks or more when nearly every day you had a lot more trouble concentrating than is normal?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u210

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-3 REFUSED 2 0 2
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 8 11
1 YES 98 225 323
2 NO 74 118 192
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.

au012re: During your worst, particularly bad, or most recent episode of depression, did you have two weeks or more when you thought a lot about death - either your own, someone else's, or death in general?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u220

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-3 REFUSED 2 0 2
-2 1629 1729 3358
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 YES 73 186 259
2 NO 101 164 265
Note: This question is applied to the worst, the particularly bad,
or most recent episode of depression mentioned earlier
and lasted at least 2 weeks or more.
Note: If the total number of symptoms is less than two (if au024re < 2),
no further questions are asked.

au013re: How many periods have you had in your lifetime that lasted two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u250

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-3 Refused 1 0 1
-2 1672 1753 3425
-1 Don't Know 15 26 41
1 - 50 one to 50 periods 118 301 419
Note: au013re is top coded at 50 on the public release.
Note: Periods should be counted separately if the recovery time
between depression spells is two months or more.
Note: If respondent has had ONLY ONE period (au013re = 1),
au014re and au015re are asked, then no further questions are asked.
Note: If respondent has had MORE THAN ONE period (au013re > 1),
then goto au016re.

au014re: How long did your sole period of depression last?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u260_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-3 Refused 1 0 1
-2 1743 1944 3687
-1 Don't Know 0 7 7
1 - 365 1 to 365 62 129 191
Note: This question is for respondents who has expereinced
ONLY ONE depression episode mentioned at au013re (au013re = 1).

au015re: What is the unit for the length of the sole period when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u260_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1744 1951 3695
1 Day 2 1 3
2 Week 16 24 40
3 Month 29 78 107
4 Year 15 26 41
Note: This question is for respondents who has expereinced
ONLY ONE depression episode mentioned at au013re (au013re = 1).

au016re: What is the average length of the periods when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u270_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1751 1915 3666
-1 Don't Know 10 26 36
1 - 365 1 to 365 45 139 184
Note: This and further questions are for respondents who has expereinced
MORE THAN ONE depression episodes mentioned at au013re (au013re > 1).

au017re: What is the unit for the average length of the periods when you felt sad, blue, or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u270_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1761 1941 3702
1 Day 1 6 7
2 Week 21 58 79
3 Month 18 61 79
4 Year 5 14 19

au018re: What is the usual length of time between the end of one period of depression to the beginning of the next?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u300_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-3 Refused 0 4 4
-2 1751 1915 3666
-1 Don't Know 18 53 71
1 - 365 1 to 365 37 108 145

au019re: What is the unit for the usual length of time between the end of one period of depression to the beginning of the next?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u300_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1769 1972 3741
1 Day 0 5 5
2 Week 7 4 11
3 Month 9 19 28
4 Year 21 80 101

au020re: What age were you the first time the you had a period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u310

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1751 1915 3666
-1 Don't Know 4 8 12
10 - 99 10 to 99 years old 51 157 208

au021re: What age were you the last time you had a period of two weeks or more when you felt sad, blue or depressed?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u330

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1751 1915 3666
-1 Don't Know 2 3 5
10 - 99 10 to 99 years old 53 162 215

au022re: Between any periods of two weeks or more of feeling sad, blue or depressed, were you feeling O.K. at least for some months?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u340

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-2 1751 1915 3666
1 YES 54 164 218
2 NO 1 1 2

au023re: Between any periods of two weeks or more of feeling sad, blue or depressed, were you fully able to work and enjoy being with other people?

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: h_u350

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 2 2 4
-3 REFUSED 0 1 1
-2 1751 1915 3666
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 YES 51 157 208
2 NO 3 6 9

au024re: Count of depression symptoms in au006re through au012re.

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: au006re - au012re
Revisions: Updated Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-3 Refused 6 7 13
-2 453 532 985
0 No depression symptom 1198 1199 2397
1 - 7 One to Seven depression symptoms 149 342 491
Note: This variable is the sum of symptoms which respondent
has expereinced from au006RE to au012RE.

If a valid yes or no response is given for fewer then 4 of the 7 symptoms in au006re to au012re then au024re is coded -3. aua24re indicates the number of valid responses.

The code 0 includes those who have never experienced a period of depression according to response in au002re.

The -2 code includes those whose depression always caused by alcohol, drugs, medications, or physical illness, au003re=1.

aua24re: Number of valid responses to depression symptoms in au006re through au012re

Data source: Graduate Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: au006re - au012re

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-5 Partial 2 2 4
-2 1625 1722 3347
0 5 7 12
1 1 0 1
4 3 4 7
5 4 7 11
6 15 30 45
7 153 310 463

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