WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Nisbett Items

Phone: UNCAT - Nisbett Item Categorization: Taxonomic or Theoretical

OVERVIEW
 
  The following series of categorization items were provided by Professor
  Richard E. Nisbett University of Michigan to test whether Americans 
  think more holistically as they age. The interviewer reads the following 
  instructions to the respondent:

    "Now I am going to read you lists of three things. For each list I will
    ask you to indicate which two of the three are most closely related.
    There are no right or wrong answers. We are just interested in your
    judgments".

  The interviewer then reads three words, which appear one at
  a time on the interviewer's computer screen. Once the interviewer finishes,
  the respondent selected any two words that he or she thought most closely 
  related. The interviewer repeated repeated the list if necessary. However,
  respondents were not allowed for duplicate answers. There were twelve sets 
  of word lists.
  
  In The Geography of Thought: how Asians and Westerners think differently -- 
  and why By Richard E. Nisbett, 2003, Simon and Schuster, Nisbett shows that
  people actually think about -- and even see -- the world differently because
  of differing ecologies, social structures, philosophies, and educational
  systems that date back to ancient Greece and China and that have survived
  into the modern world. As a result, East Asian thought is "holistic" --
  drawn to the perceptual field as a whole and to relations among objects and
  events within that field. By comparison to Western modes of reasoning, East
  Asian thought relies far less on categories or on formal logic; it is
  fundamentally dialectic, seeking a "middle way" between opposing thoughts.
  By contrast, Westerners focus on salient objects or people, use attributes
  to assign them to categories, and apply rules of formal logic to understand
  their behavior.

  Is it Culture Or Is It Language? Ji, Zhang, and Nisbett, Journal of
  Personality and Social Psychology 2004, Vol. 87, No. 1, 57?65.

  Categorization is about organizing the world. Objects can be
  organized and classified together because they share taxonomic
  categories or because they share thematic relations. Taxonomic
  categorization (or category-based classification) is made on the
  basis of similarity of attributes, such as similarities in perceptual
  properties among objects, whereas thematic categorization
  (or relationship-based classification) is made on the basis of
  causal, spatial, and temporal relationships among objects
  (Markman & Hutchinson, 1984). For example, if people are
  given the triplet seagull,squirrel,tree and asked which two go
  together, the choice seagull,squirrel indicates a taxonomic
  categorization, whereas squirrel,tree suggests a thematic categorization.
 
  This set of questions were added after some of the sibling spouses were 
  already in the field.  bn001re indicates if the sib spouse was asked these
  questions.

BRIEF VARIABLE DESCRIPTIONS

  bn001re               Indicates if respondent is in the sample.

  bn002re               Percentage of holistic replies to categorization items

  bn003re - bn014re     Replies to Nisbett categorization items

bn001re: Sample selection.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat1_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
0 R is not in sample 296 346 642
1 R is in sample 650 833 1483

bn002re: Percentage of holistic replies to categorization items.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: bn003re, bn005re, bn007re, bn008re, bn009re, bn011re, bn013re, bn014re

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 308 354 662
0 NO HOLISTIC RESPONSE 23 28 51
8.33 31 39 70
9.09 0 1 1
16.67 56 43 99
20 0 1 1
25 69 73 142
33.33 93 96 189
36.36 0 1 1
41.67 115 125 240
45.45 0 1 1
50 113 140 253
54.55 3 1 4
58.33 99 165 264
66.67 35 110 145
72.73 1 1 2

bn003re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Seagull, Sky, Dog.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat1_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 299 347 646
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 2 7
1 SKY-SEAGULL (HOLISTIC) 20 27 47
2 SEAGULL-SKY (HOLISTIC) 438 641 1079
3 SEAGULL-DOG (ANALYTIC) 35 24 59
4 DOG-SEAGULL (ANALYTIC) 3 1 4
5 SKY-DOG (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 137 129 266
6 DOG-SKY (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 9 8 17

bn004re: Filler item not used in summary variable.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: bn002re

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 349 647
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 1 3
1 BLACK-WHITE (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 363 549 912
2 WHITE-BLACK (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 4 5 9
3 WHITE-BLUE (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 71 39 110
4 BLUE-WHITE (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 11 6 17
5 BLACK-BLUE (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 185 215 400
6 BLUE-BLACK (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 12 15 27

bn005re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Doctor, Teacher, Homework.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat3_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 347 645
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 1 3
1 DOCTOR-TEACHER (ANALYTIC) 295 275 570
2 TEACHER-DOCTOR (ANALYTIC) 2 3 5
3 TEACHER-HOMEWORK (HOLISTIC) 337 543 880
4 HOMEWORK-TEACHER (HOLISTIC) 5 9 14
5 DOCTOR-HOMEWORK (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 7 1 8

bn006re: Filler item not used in summary variable.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: bn002re

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 347 645
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 SHOES-BOOTS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 460 552 1012
2 BOOTS-SHOES (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 12 7 19
3 BOOTS-SLIPPERS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 15 17 32
4 SLIPPERS-BOOTS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 1 1 2
5 SHOES-SLIPPERS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 158 244 402
6 SLIPPERS-SHOES (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 1 10 11

bn007re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Train, Bus, and Tracks.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat5_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 299 348 647
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 1 3
1 TRAIN-BUS (ANALYTIC) 220 248 468
2 BUS-TRAIN (ANALYTIC) 3 2 5
3 BUS-TRACKS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 3 5 8
5 TRAIN-TRACKS (HOLISTIC) 412 568 980
6 TRACKS-TRAIN (HOLISTIC) 7 7 14

bn008re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Computer monitor, anteena, television.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat6_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 348 646
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 3 5
1 COMPUTER MONITOR-ANTENNA (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 10 12 22
3 ANTENNA-TELEVISION (HOLISTIC) 245 417 662
4 TELEVISION-ANTENNA (HOLISTIC) 43 68 111
5 COMPUTER MONITOR-TELEVISION (ANALYTIC) 317 309 626
6 TELEVISION-COMPUTER MONITOR (ANALYTIC) 31 22 53

bn009re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Carrot, Eggplant, Rabbit.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat7_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 348 646
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 0 3
1 CARROT-EGGPLANT (ANALYTIC) 305 389 694
2 EGGPLANT-CARROT (ANALYTIC) 16 27 43
3 EGGPLANT-RABBIT (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 10 4 14
5 CARROT-RABBIT (HOLISTIC) 288 385 673
6 RABBIT-CARROT (HOLISTIC) 26 26 52

bn010re: Filler item not used in summary variable.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: bn002re

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 349 647
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 2 3
1 CLOUD-WIND (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 44 41 85
2 WIND-CLOUD (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 2 0 2
3 WIND-RAIN (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 134 229 363
4 RAIN-WIND (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 1 5 6
5 CLOUD-RAIN (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 454 546 1000
6 RAIN-CLOUD (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 12 7 19

bn011re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Panda, Banana, Monkey.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat9_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 348 646
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 1 6
1 PANDA-BANANA (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 12 4 16
3 BANANA-MONKEY (HOLISTIC) 288 381 669
4 MONKEY-BANANA (HOLISTIC) 83 119 202
5 PANDA-MONKEY (ANALYTIC) 253 318 571
6 MONKEY-PANDA (ANALYTIC) 7 8 15

bn012re: Filler item not used in summary variable.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: bn002re

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 348 646
-1 DON'T KNOW 5 2 7
1 KITE-BASKETBALL (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 29 32 61
2 BASKETBALL-KITE (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 1 4 5
3 BASKETBALL-TENNIS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 577 735 1312
4 TENNIS-BASKETBALL (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 30 47 77
5 KITE-TENNIS (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 3 9 12
6 TENNIS-KITE (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 3 2 5

bn013re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Farmer, Corn, Bread.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat11_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 348 646
1 FARMER-CORN (HOLISTIC) 388 523 911
2 CORN-FARMER (HOLISTIC) 12 16 28
3 CORN-BREAD (ANALYTIC) 226 277 503
4 BREAD-CORN (ANALYTIC) 5 6 11
5 FARMER-BREAD (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 16 9 25
6 BREAD-FARMER (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 1 0 1

bn014re: Please indicate which two of the the three things you believe to be most closely related: Shampoo, Hair, Beard.

Data source: Sibling Spouse Respondent      Collected in: 2005      Mode: phone
Source variables: ncat12_ab

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
-2 298 348 646
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 SHAMPOO-HAIR (HOLISTIC) 397 541 938
2 HAIR-SHAMPOO (HOLISTIC) 14 10 24
3 HAIR-BEARD (ANALYTIC) 221 263 484
4 BEARD-HAIR (ANALYTIC) 10 14 24
5 SHAMPOO-BEARD (NEITHER HOLISTIC NOR ANALYTIC) 5 3 8

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