WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

Phone: Alcohol

GALC Alcohol Module    

OVERVIEW

In the 2004 wave, the questions regarding alcohol use/ experiences became an
independent module, but it is very similar to the alcohol questions in the last
wave of data collection in 1993.   This current wave replicated the all of the
questions that were in the previous one and added four new questions from the
M.I.N.I. PLUS 5.0.0 which became variables GU039RE, GU040RE, GU041RE, and
GU042RE. 

A core set of questions was asked of all respondents whether or not they were
included in the sub-sample.  These questions relate to the drinking habits of
respondents (variables GU025RE GU026RE GU027RE GU028RE GU029RE) and if they had
ever lived with an alcoholic (variables GU037RE GU038RE).  

Further questions about alcoholic symptoms and attitudes about alcohol use are
based on the same 79% random sub-sample of respondents as it was in 1993. 
Variable GUA01RE is identical to GU001RE in the Depression module and is a flag
which equals 1 if respondents were in the sample and 0 if they were not. 

BRIEF VARIABLE DESCRIPTIONS

    GUA01RE:                    Random Sub-Sample Selection Flag (ALCFLAG)

    GU025RE - GU029RE:          Alcohol Use in a Typical Month

    GU030RE - GU036RE:          Selected Alcohol Symptoms from the G-Mast

    GU037RE - GU038RE:          Has Respondent Ever Lived with a Problem 
                                Drinker

    GU039RE - GU042RE:          Lifetime Alcohol Symptoms from the M.I.N.I
                                Plus 5.0.0

Note: See COR 849 in Appendix M for variable creation details

gua01re: Random 79 percent sample for depression/alcohol sections.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: ALCFLAG

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
0 R IS NOT IN 80% OF SUBSMAPLE AND NOT ANSWER DEPRESSION SECTION 739 861 1600
1 R IS IN 80% OF SUBSMAPLE AND ANSWER DEPRESSION SECTION 2631 3034 5665
Note: If gua01re is 0, then no further questions about alcohol use are asked.

Religion, cognition, digit ordering, volunteer, and alcohol and depression are asked of the same sub-sample.

This variable is identical to gu001re in the Depression module.

gu025re: Have you ever drunk alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u1

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 18 29 47
1 YES 3206 3647 6853
2 NO 68 154 222

gu026re: During the last month, on how many days did you drink alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, liquor, or mixed alcoholic drinks?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u2

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 27 37 64
-2 68 154 222
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 8 15
0 NEVER/NONE 776 1177 1953
1 - 31 NUM. DRINKING DAYS IN LAST MONTH 2414 2454 4868
Note: Respondents who responded with everyday were assigned a value of 31 regardless of the number of days in the previous month.

gu027re: About how many drinks did you have on average on days that you drank alcoholic beverages?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u3

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-25 ONLY DRANK AT RELIGIOUS SERVICES 0 3 3
-24 VOLUNTEERED < 1 DRINK PER DAY 2 8 10
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 1 0 1
-2 878 1376 2254
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 3 7
1 874 1497 2371
2 961 747 1708
3 324 145 469
4 148 32 180
5 43 12 55
6 39 4 43
7 4 0 4
8 5 2 7
9 1 0 1
10 3 0 3
12 4 0 4
14 1 0 1
15 0 1 1
Note: Those days refers to number of average number of drinking days (gu026re). Range is from 1 to 100 drinks.

Individuals reporting that they only drank at religious services (i.e. Communion wine) were recoded to 0.

Individuals who volunteered that they had less than one drink per day (i.e. Two swallows or half a beer) were coded as 0.5.

Individuals who volunteered that they drank 1.5, 2.5, etc. drinks were recoded (rounded up) to 2, 3, etc.

Individuals who gave range (one or two), (three to five) were given the middle value. If that was not a whole number then they were subject to the previous note.

gu028re: How many drinks did you have in last month?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u2, u3

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 1 0 1
-3 REFUSED 27 37 64
-2 851 1342 2193
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 3 7
0.50 - 3 369 779 1148
4 - 8 466 629 1095
9 - 20 604 591 1195
21 - 60 707 374 1081
62 - 375 263 75 338
Note: Range is 0 to 3100 drinks (CU026RE*CU027RE)

Individuals reporting that they only drank at religious services (i.e. Communion wine) are assigned inappropriate (-2).

gu029re: In the past month, how many times did you have 5 or more drinks on the same occasion?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u5

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 26 34 60
-2 1038 1709 2747
-1 DON'T KNOW 11 5 16
0 NEVER/NONE 1667 1912 3579
1 - 35 NUM. DAYS DRUNK 5+ DRINKS 550 170 720
Note: After checking audio, one case responded 35 days, and then said everyday after that. Since 35 is a valid answer, the code remains as reported.

gu030re: At any time in your life have you felt bad or guilty about drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u6

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 9 4 13
-2 792 982 1774
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 1 3
1 YES 727 496 1223
2 NO 1762 2347 4109

gu031re: At any time in your life have people annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u7

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 7 4 11
-2 792 982 1774
-1 DON'T KNOW 2 2 4
1 YES 370 128 498
2 NO 2121 2714 4835

gu032re: Has drinking caused a problem for you at work?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u8

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 7 2 9
-2 792 982 1774
1 YES 69 10 79
2 NO 2424 2836 5260

gu033re: Has drinking caused a problem between you and your spouse, children, parents, or other near relatives?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u9

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 7 1 8
-2 792 982 1774
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 0 1
1 YES 274 68 342
2 NO 2218 2779 4997

gu034rec: Alcohol Symptom Count replicated from 1993. See notes for details.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u6, u7, u8, u9, u10, u11
Revisions: Updated Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED, < 3 VALID RESPONSES TO SYMPTOMS 7 2 9
-2 739 861 1600
0 ZERO SYMPTOMS 1702 2429 4131
1 ONE SYMPTOM 461 414 875
2 TWO SYMPTOMS 177 75 252
3 THREE SYMPTOMS 104 18 122
4 FOUR SYMPTOMS 66 24 90
5 FIVE SYMPTOMS 36 7 43
Note: If respondent has never drunk alcohol gu025re =2, then gu034rec is coded 0.
Note: gu034rec=-3 if at least two of the constituent variables were missing. See gua34re for number of valid responses.
Note: This variable is replicated from 1993 survey (ru034rec). These symptoms were selected from the G-MAST.

gua34re: Number of valid responses to alcohol symptoms used to create GU034REC.

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u6, u7, u8, u9, u10, u11
Revisions: Added Jan 2008     

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-2 792 982 1774
0 5 1 6
1 1 0 1
2 1 1 2
3 1 1 2
4 7 6 13
5 2485 2839 5324

gu035re: Have you gone to anyone for help about drinking, that is, about your drinking or anyone else's?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u10

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 6 2 8
-2 792 982 1774
1 YES 215 252 467
2 NO 2279 2594 4873

gu036re: If you asked for help was it for your drinking or somebody else's?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u11

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-2 3077 3578 6655
1 RESPONDENT 120 37 157
2 SOMEONE ELSE 83 205 288
3 RESPONDENT AND SOMEONE ELSE 12 10 22

gu037re: When you were growing up, that is during your first 18 years, did you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u12

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 65 143
-3 REFUSED 20 34 54
-1 DON'T KNOW 8 4 12
1 YES 556 775 1331
2 NO 2708 3017 5725
Note: 'While growing up' includes ages 0 to 18.

gu038re: Have you ever been married to, or lived with someone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic since you were 18?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u13

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 66 144
-3 REFUSED 21 33 54
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
1 YES 192 727 919
2 NO 3078 3068 6146

gu039re: In your lifetime, did you need to drink more to get the same effect that you did when you first started drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u20

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 66 144
-3 REFUSED 11 5 16
-2 792 982 1774
-1 DON'T KNOW 43 18 61
1 YES 299 89 388
2 NO 2147 2735 4882

gu040re: In your lifetime, have you tried to reduce or stop drinking alcohol but failed?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u23

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 66 144
-2 2993 3740 6733
1 YES 75 31 106
2 NO 224 58 282

gu041re: In your lifetime, did you spend less time working, enjoying hobbies, or being with others because of your drinking?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u24

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 66 144
-2 2993 3740 6733
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 1 4
1 YES 72 26 98
2 NO 224 62 286

gu042re: In your lifetime, have you continued to drink even though you knew that the drinking caused you health or mental problems?

Data source: Graduate Respondent      Collected in: 2004      Mode: phone
Source variables: u25

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1621 1431 3052
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 78 66 144
-3 REFUSED 1 0 1
-2 2993 3740 6733
-1 DON'T KNOW 3 0 3
1 YES 100 28 128
2 NO 195 61 256

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