WLS Codebooks and Flowcharts

Note: Codebooks contain frequency data from the private data release. For some variables, these differ from the frequencies in the public release. Variables that differ between the public and private versions include "(not available on public release)" as part of the variable description, or a note indicating the difference between the public and private versions.

In Person: Friends

JFRNDS  Friends Module

OVERVIEW

The Friends Module includes three distinct sections: one about participants'
reciprocal high school friend, as named in a previous collection wave,one about
any other high school friends participants are still in contact with and one
describing the geographic distance between the pairs of reciprocal friends
dating back to the 1993 wave. 

Reciprocal friends are participants who named each other when asked about three
of their best same-sex high school friends during the 1975 collection wave. In
other words, if a participant has a "reciprocal friend," that person is also
part of the primary WLS sample (the 1/3 of Wisconsin's 1957 high school
graduates who were randomly selected for continuing study). Note that only
graduate participants, and not selected siblings, can have reciprocal friends.
Such participants were first asked a series of questions about their reciprocal
friend during the 1992 collection wave. If, at that time, the participant
reported that their reciprocal friend was still living and that they had been
in contact with him or her at some point during the past five years, they were
asked how they compared to him or her in terms of educational attainment, work,
and finances. If, on the other hand, the participant reported that their
reciprocal friend was deceased, they were asked when and where he or she died.
This interviewing protocol has been replicated exactly for the 2010 collection
wave, but only participants who were interviewed about a living reciprocal
friend during the 1992 collection wave were eligible to be interviewed about
them in 2010. 

The second section of the Friends Module, regarding (other) same-sex high
school friends participants are still in contact with, was administered to a
randomly selected 15% sub-sample, as well as to all participants who were
interviewed about a reciprocal friend they did not report as being deceased.
Participants were allowed to report on up to three same-sex friends. For each
friend, the following information was collected: full name, frequency of
contact during the past 12 months, and the closeness of the friendship.

The third section returns to the focus on reciprocated friendships and unlike
the first section where we focused on just one of the reciprocated friend pairs
from the 1975 wave, we include information on up to three possible
relationships. However the information is limited to the geographic distance
between their places of residence at each wave of the survey. All straight-line
distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded
to three significant digits.   


BRIEF VARIABLE DESCRIPTIONS
    _____________________________________________________________________

    HFRDSTAT-HFRDREL:       Module-Level Status Variables.

    HMX01RE:		    Was the Participant Asked To Report On A
    			    Reciprocal Friend? 
    
    HMX02RER:		    Reciprocal Friend Mortality Status, As 
    			    Reported by Participant
    
    HMX03RER-HMX05RE:	    Frequency of Contact With Reciprocal Friend
    			    During Past 12 Months
    
    HMX06RE:		    Year In Which Participant Last Saw 
    			    Reciprocal Friend
    
    HMX07RE:		    Has Participant Had Any Contact With
    			    Reciprocal Friend in Past 5 Years?
    
    HMX08RE:		    How Close Are the Participant and Their
    			    Reciprocal Friend?

    HMX09RE-HMX11RE:	    Self-Comparisons to Reciprocal Friend in
    			    Terms of Education, Work, and Finances
    
    HMX12RE:		    Year in Which Reciprocal Friend Died
    
    HMX14RE:		    Reciprocal Friend's IDPRIV
    
    HMX40RE:		    Was Participant Eligible to Be Interviewed
    			    About (Other) Same-Sex High School Friends?

    HMX41RE:		    Number of Same-Sex High School Friends
    			    Participant is Still in Touch With

    HMX42RER-HMX45RE:	    Frequency of Contact With and Closeness to
    			    First Friend
    			    
    HMX42ID		    First Friend's IDPRIV			    

    HMX46RER-HMX49RE:	    Frequency of Contact With and Closeness to
    			    Second Friend
    			    
    HMX46ID		    Second Friend's IDPRIV			    

    HMX50RER-HMX53RE:	    Frequency of Contact With and Closeness to
    			    Third Friend
    			    
    HMX50ID		    Third Friend's IDPRIV			  
    
    HMX13D931-HMX13D113	    Road Miles between friendship pairs at each wave of
                            interview
    
    HMX13T931-HMX13T113	    Driving time in minutes between friendship pairs at
                            each wave of interview

    HMX13S931-HMX13S113	    Straight line distance in meters between friendship
                            pairs at each wave of interview

hfrdstat: Was the Friends Module completed by Participant alone, with help, or by proxy?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: y_frdproxy1, y_frdhelp0, capiproxy, y_proxy, y_ivwloc

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
1 R COMPLETED ALONE 2464 3005 5469
2 R COMPLETED ALONE WITH SOMEONE ELSE IN THE ROOM 240 154 394
3 R RECEIVED A LITTLE HELP 43 12 55
4 R RECEIVED A LOT OF HELP 7 2 9
5 HELPER RESPONDED TO ALL ITEMS 1 0 1
Note: For many cases a participant's spouse or other family member was present during the interview. This sometimes resulted in the participant relying on the other person for help in answering some or many of the questions. At the end of each module the interviewer indicated the amount of help the participant received and who provided that help. That assessment is covered by codes 1 through 5. Additionally, a code of 7 indicates that the entire interview was administered to a proxy while a code of 6 indicates that this particular module was answered by a proxy but other modules were answered by the participant.

hfrdrel: Relationship of Friends Module helper or proxy to Participant.

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HFRDSTAT, y_frdproxy1, y_frdhelp0, y_frdhelp1, y_frdhelp2_hfn, y_frdhelp3, y_h1fn-y_h4fn, y_pfn, prxyfnam, y_p1fn-y_p5fn, y_prel, prxyrel, y_p1rel-y_p5rel

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 1 1 2
-2 2704 3159 5863
0 SPOUSE 50 12 62
2 BROTHER 0 1 1
Note: If this module was administered via proxy or if the participant received help answering the questions in this module then we record the relationship of the proxy/helper to the participant. Although most participants relied on only one helper or proxy for the interview, some had more than one. Thus the value of the relationship code may vary across the modules.

hmx01re: Does Participant have a reciprocal friend first identified during the 1975 collection wave whom they indicated was still living at the time of their 1992 interview?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: y_recipfrnd

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
1 NO 2294 2435 4729
2 YES, INTERVIEWED ABOUT HIM/HER 461 738 1199
Note: Reciprocal friends are participants who named each other when asked about three of their best same-sex high school friends during the 1975 collection wave. In other words, if a participant has a "reciprocal friend," that person is also part of the primary WLS sample (the 1/3 of Wisconsin's 1957 high school graduates who were randomly selected for continuing study). Note that only graduate participants, and not selected siblings, can have reciprocal friends. Such participants were interviewed about their reciprocal friend during the 1992 collection wave. If, at that time, they reported that their reciprocal friend was still living, they were eligible to be interviewed about him or her again during the 2010 wave. Participants not satisfying these conditions (regardless of whether it was because no reciprocal friendship was identified in 1975, their reciprocal friend had already died by the 1992 collection wave, they were not interviewed in 1992, or for some other reason) have been assigned a value of "1" on HMX01RE, signifying "no."
Note: Very rarely, participants who were eligible to be interviewed about their reciprocal friend were not due to an error with the survey instrument. These cases have been assigned values of "3" on HMX01RE, signifying "Yes, But Not Interviewed About Him/Her."

hmx02rer: Reciprocal friend's mortality status, as reported by Participant.

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX01RE, y_frd1

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 68 116 184
-27 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2294 2435 4729
-1 DON'T KNOW 72 90 162
1 ALIVE 330 587 917
2 DECEASED 59 61 120
Note: Reciprocal friends' reported mortality statuses have not been checked against any data we may have collected from them during an interview for the 2010 collection wave. As such, this variable simply reflects participants' responses to the following survey question: "In 1975, you told us that [name of reciprocal friend] was one of your high school friends. Is [name of reciprocal friend] living now?"

hmx03rer: Numeric component: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your reciprocal friend either in person, by telephone, by letter, or e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX02RER, y_frd2_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2425 2586 5011
0 NEVER 149 185 334
1 - 99 NUMBER OF TIMES 181 402 583
Note: See HMX04RER for the time units that correspond to this variable.

hmx04rer: Units of contact: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your reciprocal friend either in person, by telephone, by letter, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX03RER, y_frd2_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2574 2771 5345
1 PER DAY 3 8 11
2 PER WEEK 5 31 36
3 PER MONTH 24 46 70
4 PER YEAR 149 317 466
Note: See HMX03RER for the numeric component corresponding to these units.

hmx05re: Summary: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your reciprocal friend either in person, by telephone, by letter, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX03RER, HMX04RER

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2425 2586 5011
0 NEVER 149 185 334
1 ONCE PER YEAR 47 86 133
2 MULTIPLE TIMES PER YEAR 102 231 333
3 ONCE PER MONTH 13 20 33
4 MULTIPLE TIMES PER MONTH 11 26 37
5 ONCE PER WEEK 3 16 19
6 MULTIPLE TIMES PER WEEK 2 15 17
7 ONCE PER DAY 3 7 10
8 MULTIPLE TIMES PER DAY 0 1 1
Note: HMX05RE has been constructed solely on the basis of HMX03RER and HMX04RER. It provides a very crude summary of the participant's frequency of contact with their reciprocal friend in the past 12 months. All values of HMX03RER greater than one are classified as "multiple," with HMX04RER determining the exact category on HMX05RE (multiple times per year, multiple times per month, multiple times per week, or multiple times per day).

hmx06re: If Participant did not report any contact with their reciprocal friend during the past 12 months, in what year did they last see him or her?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX05RE, y_frd3

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2606 2988 5594
-1 DON'T KNOW 4 9 13
1957 - 1980 31 41 72
1982 - 2004 33 31 64
2005 - 2007 58 66 124
2008 - 2011 23 38 61
Note: HMX06RE was only asked if the participant reported having no contact with their reciprocal friend in the past 12 months or if they did not know or refused to answer when asked about frequency of contact in the past 12 months (see HMX05RE).

hmx07re: Has Participant had any contact at all with their reciprocal friend within the last 5 years?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX02RER, HMX05RE, HMX06RE, y_frdtmp1, y_frd4

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2353 2496 4849
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 2 2
1 YES 274 519 793
2 NO 128 156 284
Note: Here, "contact" refers to any communication whatsoever, whether in person, by telephone, by letter, by e-mail, or so forth.

hmx08re: How close would you say you are to your reciprocal friend?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX07RE, y_frd5

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2481 2654 5135
1 VERY CLOSE 38 97 135
2 SOMEWHAT CLOSE 107 206 313
3 NOT VERY CLOSE 86 124 210
4 NOT AT ALL CLOSE 43 92 135

hmx09re: Have you done better or worse than your reciprocal friend in education?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX07RE, y_frd6

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-3 REFUSED 0 2 2
-2 2481 2654 5135
-1 DON'T KNOW 7 14 21
1 MUCH BETTER 17 50 67
2 BETTER 64 90 154
3 ABOUT THE SAME 142 281 423
4 WORSE 40 73 113
5 MUCH WORSE 4 9 13

hmx10re: Have you done better or worse than your reciprocal friend in work?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX07RE, y_frd7

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2481 2654 5135
-1 DON'T KNOW 19 34 53
1 MUCH BETTER 22 57 79
2 BETTER 54 96 150
3 ABOUT THE SAME 148 261 409
4 WORSE 27 64 91
5 MUCH WORSE 4 7 11

hmx11re: Have you done better or worse than your reciprocal friend financially?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX07RE, y_frd8

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-3 REFUSED 0 2 2
-2 2481 2654 5135
-1 DON'T KNOW 39 89 128
1 MUCH BETTER 25 43 68
2 BETTER 50 88 138
3 ABOUT THE SAME 98 189 287
4 WORSE 59 93 152
5 MUCH WORSE 3 15 18

hmx12re: In what year did your reciprocal friend die?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX02RER, y_frd9_y
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-3 REFUSED 0 1 1
-2 2696 3112 5808
-1 DON'T KNOW 12 11 23
1972 - 1995 13 7 20
1996 - 2002 10 10 20
2003 - 2006 11 13 24
2007 - 2008 9 11 20
2009 - 2011 4 8 12

hmx14re: Reciprocal friend's IDPRIV.

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX01RE, RM014RE
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2294 2435 4729
800014 - 806972 93 146 239
807003 - 813448 80 159 239
813475 - 820280 98 141 239
820313 - 826504 97 142 239
826524 - 833918 93 150 243

hmx40re: Was Participant eligible to be asked questions about (other) same-sex high school friends?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: y_r130, y_r146, HMX01RE, HMX02RER

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
1 YES 738 1063 1801
2 NO 2017 2110 4127
Note: Two distinct groups of participants were eligible to be asked questions about same-sex high school friends (other than the reciprocal friend, if applicable): (1) a 15% sub-sample of participants who were randomly selected to be interviewed about (other) same-sex high school friends; and (2) all participants who were interviewed about a reciprocal friend (see HMX01RE) and did not report him or her as being deceased (see HMX02RER). Here, condition "2" supersedes condition "1." That is, some of the participants satisfying condition "2" do not satisfy condition "1."

hmx41re: How many same-sex friends from high school (other than the reciprocal friend, if applicable) did Participant report still being in touch with?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX40RE, y_frd10, y_frd112pre, y_frd113pre

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2017 2110 4127
0 300 309 609
1 158 225 383
2 124 180 304
3 156 349 505
Note: Participants were allowed to report on a maximum of three same-sex high school friends they remain in touch with (other than their reciprocal friend, if applicable). As a result, HMX41RE has a valid range of 0 to 3.

hmx42rer: Numeric component: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your first same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX41RE, y_frd12_1_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-3 REFUSED 2 4 6
-2 2317 2419 4736
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
0 NEVER 18 24 42
1 - 99 NUMBER OF TIMES 417 725 1142
Note: See HMX43RER for the time units that correspond to this variable.

hmx43rer: Units of contact: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your first same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX42RER, y_frd12_1_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2338 2448 4786
1 PER DAY 6 11 17
2 PER WEEK 37 81 118
3 PER MONTH 67 117 184
4 PER YEAR 307 516 823
Note: See HMX42RER for the numeric component corresponding to these units.

hmx44re: Summary: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your first same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX42RER, HMX43RER

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-3 REFUSED 2 4 6
-2 2317 2419 4736
-1 DON'T KNOW 1 1 2
0 NEVER 18 24 42
1 ONCE PER YEAR 66 82 148
2 MULTIPLE TIMES PER YEAR 241 434 675
3 ONCE PER MONTH 42 56 98
4 MULTIPLE TIMES PER MONTH 25 61 86
5 ONCE PER WEEK 20 49 69
6 MULTIPLE TIMES PER WEEK 17 32 49
7 ONCE PER DAY 4 10 14
8 MULTIPLE TIMES PER DAY 2 1 3
Note: HMX44RE has been constructed solely on the basis of HMX42RER and HMX43RER. It provides a very crude summary of the participant's frequency of contact with the first same-sex high school friend they're still in touch with over the past 12 months. All values of HMX42RER greater than one are classified as "multiple," with HMX43RER determining the exact category on HMX44RE (multiple times per year, multiple times per month, multiple times per week, or multiple times per day).

hmx45re: How close would you say you are to your first same-sex high school friend?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX41RE, y_frd13_1

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-3 REFUSED 2 5 7
-2 2317 2419 4736
-1 DON'T KNOW 0 1 1
1 VERY CLOSE 61 194 255
2 SOMEWHAT CLOSE 233 401 634
3 NOT VERY CLOSE 120 128 248
4 NOT AT ALL CLOSE 22 25 47

hmx42id: First friend's IDPRIV.

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: idpriv1, HMX41RE
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 Not part of MOSAQ 68 116 184
-5 Partial Interview 8 2 10
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-3 REFUSED 4 4 8
-2 2331 2435 4766
0 NAME GIVEN BUT NO MATCH FOUND 75 134 209
800023 - 806970 74 120 194
807028 - 813516 74 120 194
813536 - 819909 72 123 195
819933 - 827330 75 119 194
827367 - 833974 64 133 197
Note: We compared the name(s) that the participant gave to a list of all known students in the Class of 1957 in the same school as the participant. Remember that WLS participants are a 1/3 sample of the class and the class lists include ALL class members. Thus many of the friends named by the participants were not randomly selected into the 1/3 sample. However we include an IDPRIV for everyone we could match so researchers can determine whether participants in the WLS listed a common friend.

hmx46rer: Numeric component: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your second same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX41RE, y_frd12_2_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2475 2644 5119
0 NEVER 12 23 35
1 - 99 NUMBER OF TIMES 268 506 774
Note: See HMX47RER for the time units that correspond to this variable.

hmx47rer: Units of contact: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your second same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX46RER, y_frd12_2_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2487 2667 5154
1 PER DAY 3 6 9
2 PER WEEK 14 32 46
3 PER MONTH 37 78 115
4 PER YEAR 214 390 604
Note: See HMX46RER for the numeric component corresponding to these units.

hmx48re: Summary: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your second same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX46RER, HMX47RER

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2475 2644 5119
0 NEVER 12 23 35
1 ONCE PER YEAR 30 63 93
2 MULTIPLE TIMES PER YEAR 184 327 511
3 ONCE PER MONTH 27 36 63
4 MULTIPLE TIMES PER MONTH 10 42 52
5 ONCE PER WEEK 9 15 24
6 MULTIPLE TIMES PER WEEK 5 17 22
7 ONCE PER DAY 3 6 9
Note: HMX48RE has been constructed solely on the basis of HMX46RER and HMX47RER. It provides a very crude summary of the participant's frequency of contact with the second same-sex high school friend they're still in touch with over the past 12 months. All values of HMX46RER greater than one are classified as "multiple," with HMX47RER determining the exact category on HMX48RE (multiple times per year, multiple times per month, multiple times per week, or multiple times per day).

hmx49re: How close would you say you are to your second same-sex high school friend?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX41RE, y_frd13_2

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2475 2644 5119
1 VERY CLOSE 20 76 96
2 SOMEWHAT CLOSE 147 309 456
3 NOT VERY CLOSE 98 127 225
4 NOT AT ALL CLOSE 15 17 32

hmx46id: Second friend's IDPRIV.

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: idpriv2, HMX41RE
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 Not part of MOSAQ 68 116 184
-5 Partial Interview 8 2 10
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-3 REFUSED 2 1 3
-2 2489 2660 5149
0 NAME GIVEN BUT NO MATCH FOUND 52 83 135
800010 - 806951 49 85 134
806979 - 814293 40 94 134
814395 - 820983 46 88 134
821221 - 828053 45 89 134
828102 - 833975 46 88 134
Note: We compared the name(s) that the participant gave to a list of all known students in the Class of 1957 in the same school as the participant. Remember that WLS participants are a 1/3 sample of the class and the class lists include ALL class members. Thus many of the friends named by the participants were not randomly selected into the 1/3 sample. However we include an IDPRIV for everyone we could match so researchers can determine whether participants in the WLS listed a common friend.

hmx50rer: Numeric component: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your third same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX41RE, y_frd12_3_a

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2599 2824 5423
0 NEVER 8 11 19
1 - 99 NUMBER OF TIMES 148 338 486
Note: See HMX51RER for the time units that correspond to this variable.

hmx51rer: Units of contact: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your third same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX50RER, y_frd12_3_b

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2607 2835 5442
1 PER DAY 1 3 4
2 PER WEEK 5 16 21
3 PER MONTH 20 51 71
4 PER YEAR 122 268 390
Note: See HMX50RER for the numeric component corresponding to these units.

hmx52re: Summary: During the past 12 months, about how often did you have contact with your third same-sex high school friend either in person, by letter, by phone, or by e-mail?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX50RER, HMX51RER

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2599 2824 5423
0 NEVER 8 11 19
1 ONCE PER YEAR 25 44 69
2 MULTIPLE TIMES PER YEAR 97 224 321
3 ONCE PER MONTH 9 35 44
4 MULTIPLE TIMES PER MONTH 11 16 27
5 ONCE PER WEEK 5 8 13
6 MULTIPLE TIMES PER WEEK 0 8 8
7 ONCE PER DAY 1 3 4
Note: HMX52RE has been constructed solely on the basis of HMX50RER and HMX51RER. It provides a very crude summary of the participant's frequency of contact with the third same-sex high school friend they're still in touch with over the past 12 months. All values of HMX50RER greater than one are classified as "multiple," with HMX51RER determining the exact category on HMX52RE (multiple times per year, multiple times per month, multiple times per week, or multiple times per day).

hmx53re: How close would you say you are to your third same-sex high school friend?

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: HMX41RE, y_frd13_3

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 NOT PART OF MOSAQ 68 116 184
-27 NOT ASKED OF PROXY 14 16 30
-5 PARTIAL INTERVIEW 8 2 10
-2 2599 2824 5423
1 VERY CLOSE 9 32 41
2 SOMEWHAT CLOSE 79 206 285
3 NOT VERY CLOSE 58 95 153
4 NOT AT ALL CLOSE 10 16 26

hmx50id: Third friend's IDPRIV.

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: idpriv3, HMX41RE
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2146 2019 4165
-30 Not part of MOSAQ 68 116 184
-5 Partial Interview 8 2 10
-4 NOT ASCERTAINED 0 1 1
-3 REFUSED 0 1 1
-2 2613 2840 5453
0 NAME GIVEN BUT NO MATCH FOUND 26 47 73
800269 - 806846 33 53 86
806949 - 812334 17 69 86
812366 - 819570 21 65 86
819679 - 827134 29 57 86
827207 - 833971 30 56 86
Note: We compared the name(s) that the participant gave to a list of all known students in the Class of 1957 in the same school as the participant. Remember that WLS participants are a 1/3 sample of the class and the class lists include ALL class members. Thus many of the friends named by the participants were not randomly selected into the 1/3 sample. However we include an IDPRIV for everyone we could match so researchers can determine whether participants in the WLS listed a common friend.

hmx13d931: Road Miles between R and Friend1 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2711 3166 5877
-4 Not ascertained 1 0 1
-2 1537 1191 2728
0 - 16 178 175 353
17 - 93 121 224 345
94 - 300 141 202 343
301 - 1240 175 168 343
1250 - 3570 127 200 327
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d041: Road Miles between R and Friend1 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2794 3193 5987
-4 Not ascertained 2 0 2
-2 1537 1191 2728
0 - 16 150 171 321
17 - 87 107 213 320
88 - 299 113 207 320
300 - 1290 152 170 322
1300 - 3480 136 181 317
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d111: Road Miles between R and Friend1 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 3094 3605 6699
-4 Not ascertained 0 2 2
-2 1537 1191 2728
0 - 22 76 103 179
23 - 112 68 111 179
113 - 366 65 112 177
370 - 1340 83 94 177
1350 - 3390 68 108 176
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d932: Road Miles between R and Friend2 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2387 2903 5290
-2 1986 1530 3516
0 - 18 143 166 309
19 - 89 122 180 302
91 - 290 122 181 303
292 - 1100 119 183 302
1110 - 3380 112 183 295
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d042: Road Miles between R and Friend2 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2439 2943 5382
-4 Not ascertained 1 1 2
-2 1986 1530 3516
0 - 21 119 176 295
22 - 100 106 177 283
102 - 300 119 164 283
301 - 1270 112 177 289
1280 - 3480 109 158 267
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d112: Road Miles between R and Friend2 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2697 3311 6008
-2 1986 1530 3516
0 - 24 65 98 163
25 - 121 57 102 159
127 - 415 66 92 158
416 - 1330 64 95 159
1340 - 3390 56 98 154
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d933: Road Miles between R and Friend3 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1969 2427 4396
-2 2474 2185 4659
0 - 16 120 134 254
17 - 85 101 151 252
87 - 276 113 139 252
279 - 1070 120 134 254
1080 - 3310 94 156 250
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d043: Road Miles between R and Friend3 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2010 2469 4479
-4 Not ascertained 1 1 2
-2 2474 2185 4659
0 - 18 113 123 236
19 - 87 85 151 236
89 - 278 100 135 235
281 - 1170 108 129 237
1180 - 3480 100 133 233
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13d113: Road Miles between R and Friend3 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2274 2775 5049
-2 2474 2185 4659
0 - 21 42 79 121
22 - 105 46 76 122
106 - 357 52 69 121
364 - 1230 47 76 123
1240 - 3010 56 66 122
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t931: Time in minutes between R and Friend1 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2711 3166 5877
-4 Not ascertained 1 0 1
-2 1537 1191 2728
0 - 27 170 173 343
28 - 111 119 227 346
112 - 315 142 200 342
316 - 1140 180 165 345
1150 - 4020 131 204 335
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t041: Time in minutes between R and Friend1 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2794 3193 5987
-4 Not ascertained 2 0 2
-2 1537 1191 2728
0 - 28 148 173 321
29 - 115 107 215 322
116 - 324 115 207 322
327 - 1230 155 167 322
1240 - 3990 133 180 313
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t111: Time in minutes between R and Friend1 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 3094 3605 6699
-4 Not ascertained 0 2 2
-2 1537 1191 2728
1 - 36 76 101 177
38 - 132 68 110 178
135 - 367 62 116 178
368 - 1260 85 92 177
1270 - 3880 69 109 178
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t932: Time in minutes between R and Friend2 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2387 2903 5290
-2 1986 1530 3516
0 - 30 141 166 307
31 - 111 125 179 304
112 - 307 119 185 304
308 - 1050 121 181 302
1060 - 3800 112 182 294
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t042: Time in minutes between R and Friend2 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2439 2943 5382
-4 Not ascertained 1 1 2
-2 1986 1530 3516
0 - 34 115 174 289
35 - 122 104 179 283
123 - 317 120 164 284
318 - 1190 112 176 288
1200 - 3990 114 159 273
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t112: Time in minutes between R and Friend2 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2697 3311 6008
-2 1986 1530 3516
0 - 40 63 95 158
41 - 148 56 103 159
149 - 410 68 90 158
424 - 1230 63 96 159
1240 - 3810 58 101 159
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t933: Time in minutes between R and Friend3 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1969 2427 4396
-2 2474 2185 4659
0 - 28 121 134 255
29 - 107 101 151 252
108 - 301 111 141 252
302 - 1030 119 133 252
1040 - 3120 96 155 251
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t043: Time in minutes between R and Friend3 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2010 2469 4479
-4 Not ascertained 1 1 2
-2 2474 2185 4659
0 - 29 112 125 237
30 - 109 87 148 235
110 - 310 100 135 235
313 - 1120 106 132 238
1130 - 4000 101 131 232
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13t113: Time in minutes between R and Friend3 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2274 2775 5049
-2 2474 2185 4659
1 - 37 41 81 122
38 - 128 43 78 121
130 - 381 57 64 121
382 - 1180 45 77 122
1200 - 2780 57 66 123
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s751: Straight line meters between R and Friend1 1975

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2392 2844 5236
-2 1537 1191 2728
-1 Don't Know 211 247 458
0 - 9260 173 206 379
9280 - 68900 151 228 379
69200 - 223000 160 220 380
225000 - 1,120,000 191 189 380
1,130,000 - 4,140,000 176 201 377
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.
Note: Because the geographic coding for the 1975 wave is based on variable geog75 (state, county, and place codes), the distance between the participant and his/her friend is imprecise and could only be calculated via the straight-line method. Pairs with the code of 0 mean that they live within the same code but not in the same residence.

hmx13s931: Straight line meters between R and Friend1 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2398 2859 5257
-2 1817 1444 3261
2 - 19700 177 182 359
19900 - 109000 131 229 360
110000 - 369000 140 220 360
370000 - 1,590,000 183 176 359
1,600,000 - 6,500,000 145 216 361
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s041: Straight line meters between R and Friend1 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2410 2864 5274
-4 Not ascertained 2 0 2
-2 1852 1453 3305
27 - 23000 156 192 348
23200 - 119000 124 224 348
122000 - 436000 132 215 347
438000 - 1,840,000 168 180 348
1,850,000 - 6,470,000 147 198 345
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s111: Straight line meters between R and Friend1 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2803 3285 6088
-4 Not ascertained 0 2 2
-2 1795 1471 3266
356 - 31000 79 113 192
31700 - 148000 73 119 192
150000 - 545000 70 122 192
563000 - 1,880,000 93 101 194
1,890,000 - 6,430,000 78 113 191
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s752: Straight line meters between R and Friend2 1975

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2119 2645 4764
-2 1986 1530 3516
-1 Don't Know 188 223 411
0 - 15600 145 181 326
15700 - 70800 137 192 329
71100 - 229000 139 188 327
230000 - 1,080,000 151 175 326
1,090,000 - 4,140,000 126 192 318
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.
Note: Because the geographic coding for the 1975 wave is based on variable geog75 (state, county, and place codes), the distance between the participant and his/her friend is imprecise and could only be calculated via the straight-line method. Pairs with the code of 0 mean that they live within the same code but not in the same residence.

hmx13s932: Straight line meters between R and Friend2 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2138 2652 4790
-2 2206 1752 3958
2 - 21700 140 173 313
21800 - 107000 132 181 313
108000 - 351000 123 190 313
352000 - 1,370,000 127 189 316
1,380,000 - 4,170,000 125 189 314
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s042: Straight line meters between R and Friend2 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2138 2647 4785
-4 Not ascertained 1 1 2
-2 2243 1771 4014
36 - 26800 126 178 304
26900 - 131000 115 189 304
135000 - 410000 122 182 304
416000 - 1,680,000 118 185 303
1,690,000 - 4,170,000 128 173 301
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s112: Straight line meters between R and Friend2 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2479 3031 5510
-2 2180 1776 3956
23 - 31200 65 105 170
31600 - 165000 64 106 170
166000 - 636000 72 98 170
638000 - 1,790,000 66 104 170
1,800,000 - 4,170,000 65 106 171
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s753: Straight line meters between R and Friend3 1975

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1731 2221 3952
-2 2474 2185 4659
-1 Don't Know 158 179 337
0 - 12600 129 144 273
12700 - 66900 121 152 273
67600 - 229000 123 152 275
232000 - 1,020,000 133 140 273
1,030,000 - 4,000,000 122 153 275
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.
Note: Because the geographic coding for the 1975 wave is based on variable geog75 (state, county, and place codes), the distance between the participant and his/her friend is imprecise and could only be calculated via the straight-line method. Pairs with the code of 0 mean that they live within the same code but not in the same residence.

hmx13s933: Straight line meters between R and Friend3 1993

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1740 2216 3956
-2 2678 2374 5052
12 - 19500 123 138 261
19600 - 109000 111 151 262
110000 - 371000 111 150 261
373000 - 1,370,000 121 143 264
1,380,000 - 6,280,000 107 154 261
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s043: Straight line meters between R and Friend3 2004

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 1746 2221 3967
-4 Not ascertained 1 1 2
-2 2699 2385 5084
31 - 23600 120 132 252
23700 - 116000 92 160 252
117000 - 426000 108 144 252
429000 - 1,610,000 116 138 254
1,630,000 - 4,360,000 109 145 254
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

hmx13s113: Straight line meters between R and Friend3 2011

Data source: Graduate Participant or Proxy      Collected in: 2011      Mode: In person & telephone
Source variables: trace file
*NOT AVAILABLE ON PUBLIC RELEASE*

Frequencies
Value Label Male Female Total
. System missing - NR 2069 2563 4632
-2 2655 2370 5025
565 - 29600 44 88 132
30000 - 137000 54 78 132
139000 - 545000 57 75 132
554000 - 1,750,000 50 82 132
1,770,000 - 3,780,000 62 70 132
Note: All straight-line distance, road distance, and time measures between friendship pairs are rounded to three significant digits.

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