Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #99--August 30, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. AOA: "Relationship by Household Type for the Population Under 18 Years by State," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, HTML format, August 23, 2001). Note: This table presents data from the 2000 Census Summary File 1.

2. ICPSR UPDATE: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan recently updated three data files of interest to researchers in aging:


Note: This is a temporary address. ICPSR studies can always be found at:

Search on title or study number.

3. MEPS: The US Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Health Care Research and Quality has released "Projected MEPS Data and Related Documentation." "These newly released files on the AHRQ Web site provide projected health expenditures for each year between 1998 and 2008 by type of service and payment source for the civilian, non-institutionalized household population and subgroups therein defined by selected demographic characteristics." The data files come in zipped and self-extracting SAS transport and ASCII formats. The documentation comes in HTML and .pdf formats. Go to "Notes on viewing and downloading files" for information about downloading these data files.

II. Reports and articles:

4. OMB--REPORT: "FY 2002 Mid-Session Review" (US Office of Management and Budget, August 2001, .pdf format, HTML and .pdf format, 69p.).

5. CDC MMWR: "Outbreak of Pneumococcal Pneumonia Among Unvaccinated Residents of a Nursing Home --- New Jersey, April 2001," (US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 50, No. 33, .pdf and HTML format, August 24, 2001, p. 707-710).

To view the .pdf of this issue, go to:

6. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "A genome-wide scan for linkage to human exceptional longevity identifies a locus on chromosome 4," by Annibale A. Puca, Mark J. Daly, Stephanie J. Brewster, Tara C. Matise, Jeffrey Barrett, Maureen Shea-Drinkwater, Sammy Kang, Erin Joyce, Julie Nicoli, Erica Benson, Louis M. Kunkel, and Thomas Perls (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 18, .pdf and HTML formats, August 28, 2001, p. 10505-10508).

B. "Immune hyporesponsiveness to amyloid beta-peptide in amyloid precursor protein transgenic mice: Implications for the pathogenesis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease," by Alon Monsonego, Ruth Maron, Victor Zota, Dennis J. Selkoe, and Howard L. Weiner (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 18, .pdf and HTML formats, August 28, 2001, p. 10273-10278).

C. "Does oxidative damage to DNA increase with age?" by Michelle L. Hamilton, Holly Van Remmen, Jessica A. Drake, Hong Yang, Zhong Mao Guo, Kristen Kewitt, Christi A. Walter, and Arlan Richardson (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 18, .pdf and HTML formats, August 28, 2001, p. 10469-10474).

7. _NATURE NEUROSCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library. "The 'Arctic' APP mutation (E693G) causes Alzheimer's disease by enhanced A-beta protofibril formation," by Camilla Nilsberth, Anita Westlind-Danielsson, Christopher B. Eckman, Margaret M. Condron, Karin Axelman, Charlotte Forsell, Charlotte Stenh, Johan Luthman, David B. Teplow, Steven G. Younkin, Jan Nslund, and Lars Lannfelt (_Nature Neuroscience_, Vol. 4, No. 9, .pdf and HTML formats, September 2001, p. 887-893).


A. "The challenge of looking after people with dementia," by Mary Marshall (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 323, No. 7310, HTML and .pdf format, p. 410-411). Note: This is a _BMJ_ editorial.

B. "Woman fights for right to die with dignity," by Zosia Kmietowicz (_British Medical Journal_ News, Vol. 323, No. 7310, HTML and .pdf format, p. 416).

C. "Quality of care in private sector and NHS facilities for people with dementia: cross sectional survey," by Clive Ballard, Jane Fossey, Ramilgan Chithramohan, Robert Howard, Alistair Burns, Peter Thompson, George Tadros, and Andrew Fairbairn (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 323, No. 7310, HTML and .pdf format, p. 426-427).

D. "Prescriptions with potential drug interactions dispensed at Swedish pharmacies in January 1999: cross sectional study," by Juan Merlo, Hans Liedholm, Ulf Lindblad, Agneta Bjorck-Linn, Jurgen Falt, Gunnar Lindberg, and Arne Melander (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 323, No. 7310, HTML and .pdf format, p. 427-428).

E. "Regulating nursing homes: The challenge of regulating care for older people in Australia," by John Braithwaite (_British Medical Journal_ Education and Debate, Vol. 323, No. 7310, HTML and .pdf format, p. 443-446).

9. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Priorities for Reproductive Health: Assessing Need in the Older Population in the Asia-Pacific Region," by Penny Kane (_Medscape Women's Health_, Vol. 6, No. 4, July/August 2001).

B. "The Parathyroid Hormones (PTHs): Anabolic Tools for Mending Fractures and Treating Osteoporosis," by James F. Whitfield (_Medscape Women's Health and Medical Education Collaborative_, HTML format, released August 16, 2001). Note: Continuing Medical Education credits are available from this site.


C. "New Treatments for Alzheimer's Disease: A Review," by Edward G. Zuard (_Drug Benefit Trends via Medscape_, Vol. 13, No. 7, 2001, p. 27-40).


D. "Assessment and Management of Alzheimer's Disease," by Martha Sparks (_Medscape Nursing via Medscape_, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2001).


10. _LANCET_ RESEARCH LETTER ABSTRACT AND CORRESPONDENCE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content. Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "Exposure to ultraviolet radiation: association with susceptibility and age at presentation with prostate cancer," by Christopher J. Luscombe, Anthony A. Fryer, Michael E. French, Samson Liu, Mark F. Saxby, Peter W. Jones, and Richard C. Strange (_Lancet_, Vol. 358, No. 9282, .pdf and HTML formats, August 25, 2001, p. 641-642).

B. "Dutch experience of euthanasia," (_Lancet_, Vol. 358, No. 9282, .pdf and HTML formats, August 25, 2001, p. 667-668).

11. _NEUROLOGY_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

"Evidence for cortical 'disconnection' as a mechanism of age-related cognitive decline," by M. OSullivan, D. K. Jones, P. E. Summers, R. G. Morris, S. C. R. Williams, and H. S. Markus (_Neurology_, Vol. 57, No. 4, .pdf and HTML formats, August 28, 2001, p. 632-638).

12. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "Enhanced Neurofibrillary Degeneration in Transgenic Mice Expressing Mutant Tau and APP," by Jada Lewis, Dennis W. Dickson, Wen-Lang Lin, Louise Chisholm, Anthony Corral, Graham Jones, Shu-Hui Yen, Naruhiko Sahara, Lisa Skipper, Debra Yager, Chris Eckman, John Hardy, Mike Hutton, and Eileen McGowan (_Science_, Vol. 293, No. 5534, .pdf and HTML formats, August 24, 2001, p. 1487-1491).

B. "Formation of Neurofibrillary Tangles in P301L Tau Transgenic Mice Induced by A42 Fibrils," by J. Gtz, F. Chen, J. van Dorpe, and R. M. Nitsch (_Science_, Vol. 293, No. 5534, .pdf and HTML formats, August 24, 2001, p. 1491-1495).

13. CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES: "Summary Report of the Co-chairmen and Findings and Recommendations of the CSIS Commission on Global Aging," (Center for Strategic and International Studies, Commission on Global Aging, .pdf format, August 29, 2001, 16p.).

For more information about the CSIS Global Aging Initiative Program and the Commission on Global Aging, go to:

14. CANADIAN COUNCIL ON SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT: "Building Bridges Across Generations in the Workplace," (Canadian Council on Social Development, August 2001, .pdf format, 30p.).

Press Release:

Click on "Building Bridges Across Generations in the Workplace" below press release for full text.

More information on Canadian Council for Social Development:

15. ILCUSA PERIODICAL: "ILC Report, August 2001" (International Longevity Center USA, .pdf format, 7p.). The "ILC Report" is "a monthly update of longevity and aging issues from the government -- federal, state, local, and international -- and the private sector."

For more information about ILCUSA see:



"Designing Effective Survey Methods for Frail Elders," prepared by New England States Consortium (_University of Maryland Center on Aging, Medicare/Medicaid Integration Program_, Paper No. 11, .pdf format, August 2001, 34p.).

A copy of this news release is at:

III. Working Papers:

17. LIS: "Income Packaging and Economic Well-Being at the Income Last Stage of the Working Career," by Martin Rein and Heinz Stapf-Fin (Luxembourg Income Study Working Paper No. 270, April 2001, .pdf format, 37p.).


First considered, at a point in time, is how cross-country differences in the mix of income sources are related to three measures of economic well-being. Poverty, defined as 50 percent of mean-adjusted household income; relative adjusted disposable income of aged households with heads over 55 years of age relative to those under 55; and inequality as measured by the gini coefficient. Second, the broader question, namely that if the institutions providing social benefits are changing, over time, what is the likely redistributive impact of this development is addressed. The analysis focuses on income sources in the last stages of the working career. Starting at age 55, four different five-year age groups are identified to describe the last stage of the working career. LIS data is used to analyze the experience of ten countries: Australia 1994, Canada 1997, Finland 1995, Germany 1994, Netherlands 1994, Norway 1995, Sweden 1995, Switzerland 1992, United Kingdom 1995 and United States 1997. Data for Finland are available, but difficult to interpret, since the mandated earnings-related public social security is administered by a private life insurance company making the distinction between public and private especially difficult to draw. These are the only countries which had usable data on occupational pensions at the time of this first analysis. In this analysis we were able to include trends over time, broadly from 1980 to 1995, but actual available years varied by country.

18. WHARTON PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: "The Equivalence of the Social Security's Trust Fund Portfolio Allocation and Capital Income Tax Policy," by Kent Smetters (Pension Research Council, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Working Paper 2001-13, July 2001, .pdf format, 42p.).


This paper proves that the stock-bond portfolio choice of the public social security trust fund is Arrow-Debreu equivalent to the tax treatment of private capital income by the non-social security part of government: the state-contingent consumption of every agent is the same under both policies. A larger [smaller] share of social securitys portfolio invested in stocks is equivalent to a larger [smaller] symmetric linear tax on the risky portion of capital income returns received on assets held by private agents. The tax change causes agents to adjust their private portfolios so that the total (private plus public) levels of demand for equities and bonds are the same under both policies.

At first, it would seem that this equivalency requires that there are no pre-existing tax distortions or market frictions. However, the equivalency is shown to be quite general. First, the initial tax rate on private capital can be non-zero, and the initial tax can take any form (hence, possibly different form than the new tax). Although the amount of revenue collected at the initial tax rate (i.e., not including the rate change) is disrupted after private agents alter their portfolio, this pre-existing tax distortion does not undo equivalency. Second, since private trading with the unborn is impossible, trading markets between generations are allowed to be missing. It follows that the social security trust funds stock-bond portfolio choice is not neutral since risk is transferred across non-trading generations. But policy equivalency still holds. Third, an arbitrarily large share of agents (short of everyone) can even be borrowing constrained. Borrowing constrained people do not even have a portfolio of assets that can respond to taxes. Still, while consumption levels vary by state and agent type, they are identical under both policies, even for the constrained.

To the extent that trust fund investment in equities improves risk sharing in the context of missing or incomplete markets, as shown in some previous papers, the equivalent capital income tax rate can be interpreted as a Lindahl (corrective) tax. This tax gives a decentralized way of achieving the same potential risk sharing outcomes as the government directly owning part of the capital stock. The decentralized approach to improving risk sharing might be more palatable to those who fear direct government intervention in financial markets (e.g., Greenspan, 1999).

General-equilibrium simulation results are presented using an overlapping-generations model with aggregate uncertainty. The model incorporates a fully endogenous equity return distribution, and several other features that have been taken as exogenous in previous models. The model is used to produce policy-equivalent tax rates along the non-neutral ex-post mean transition path from the initial stochastic steady state (before the trust fund is invested in equities) to the final stochastic steady state (after the trust fund is invested in equities). The results suggest that investing the entire US Social Security trust fund in equities is equivalent to a 4 percent tax on risky capital income tax returns. This equivalent tax rate is fairly constant along the mean transition path.

IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

19. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 8, No. 4, 2001).

20. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 35, No. 1, 2001).

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 13, No. 2, 2001).

Social Work (Vol. 46, No. 3, 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

21. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of August 24, 2001 and August 30, 2001:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of August 24, 2001 and August 30, 2001:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of August 24, 2001 and August 30, 2001:

AMADEO Literature Guide:

V. Websites of Interest:

22. BRITISH MENOPAUSE SOCIETY: The website of the British Menopause Society is highlighted by a "recent papers section," an annotated listing of recent scholarly papers on the biological and medical aspects of the topic.





Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology
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Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
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