Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #95--August 2, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. NCHS:

A. "1999 National Nursing Home Survey (NNHS)," (US Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics, .zip ASCII format, August 2001).

Scroll to "Public-Use Data Files (micro-data) Downloadable data files via ftp" for data and documentation.

B. "Utilization of Ambulatory Medical Care by Women: United States, 1997-98," (US Centers for Disease Control, National Center for Health Statistics, Series Report 13, No. 149, .pdf format, July 2001, 51p).

2. ICPSR: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan added six studies to its holdings on July 26, 2001. Of possible interest to researchers in aging is:


Note: This is a temporary address. ICPSR studies can always be found at:

Search on title or study number.

8/2/2001: There is a problem with the ICPSR server that is currently preventing access to ICPSR's collection. You may need to check the ICPSR web site at a later time.

3. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES: "Health Care Indicators: Hospital, Employment, and Price Indicators for the Health Care Industry (Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, HTML, .pdf, and comma delimited formats, August 1, 2001). Note: "Health Care Indicators contains data and analysis of recent trends in health care spending, employment, and prices."

4. MEPS: The US Department of Health and Human Services Agency for Health Care Research and Quality has released the "Panel 1 Longitudinal Weight File (HC-023)." Data (ASCII and SAS transport format), SAS programming statements, and documentation (.pdf format) are available. Interested researchers should read the "Notes on Downloading Files" section before downloading files.

5. SSA: "SSI Recipients by State and County, December 2000," (Social Security Administration, Office of Policy, HTML and .pdf format, updated July 27, 2001).


II. Reports and articles:

6. GAO REPORT: "Medigap Insurance: Plans Are Widely Available But Have Limited Benefits and May Have High Costs," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-01-941, .pdf format, July 2001, 36p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

Search on title or report number

7. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT REFORM, MINORITY STAFF SPECIAL INVESTIGATIONS DIVISION: "Abuse of Residents is a Major Problem in U. S. Nursing Homes," (US House Committee on Government Reform, Minority Staff Special Investigations Division, .pdf format, July 30, 2001, 19p.).

Use "Click here to read the report" to view the full-text report.


A. "Workers' Compensation: Commutation of Future Benefits (Medicare Secondary Payer)," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, .pdf and Rich Text formats, July 25, 2001, 16p.).

Click on "Rich Text" or "Adobe PDF" to access full-text of the memorandum.

B. "Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Prospective Payment System," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, HTML and .pdf format, July 31, 2001).

9. URBAN INSTITUTE CONFERENCE: "Social Security and Pension Reform in the United State: Lessons from Europe," (_Urban Institute_, .pdf format, conference held July 27, 2001). The .pdf version of papers prepared by European speakers is now available. To access the papers, scroll down the page and click on the name of the speaker.


10. _UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS_ REPORT: "Households Below Average Income 1999/00," (_UK Department of Work and Pensions_, .pdf format, July 2001). Note: This report presents a variety of data on income and living standards for the UK. Of particular interest is chapter 7, which focuses on pensioners.

Click on the chapter title to connect to the full-text of the chapter.

11. _LANCET_ COMMENTARY: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

"Osteoprotegerin: a link between osteoporosis and arterial calcification?," by Lorenz C Hofbauer and Michael Schoppet (_Lancet_, Vol. 358, No. 9278, HTML and .pdf formats, July 28, 2001, p. 257-259).


12. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. Clinical Cornerstone (_Clinical Cornerstone via Medscape_, Vol. 3, No. 4, HTML format, 2001). Note: This issue of Clinical Cornerstone presents five articles on Alzheimer's Disease and dementia. The articles are:

"Differential Diagnosis of Dementia: Clinical Examination and Laboratory Assessment," by Michael S. Mega

"Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Alzheimer's Disease," by Steven T. DeKosky

"Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease," by Jeffrey L. Cummings

"Dementia Due to Subcortical Ischemic Vascular Disease," by Helena Chui

"Long-Term Care in Dementia: Patients and Caregivers," by Daniel I. Kaufer

Click on the title to view the full-text of the article.

B. "NIH Consensus Development Panel on Osteoporosis Prevention, Diagnosis, and Therapy, March 7-29, 2000: Highlights of the Conference," (_Southern Medical Journal via Medscape_, Vol. 94, No. 6, HTML format, 2001, p. 569-573).


13. ILCUSA PERIODICAL: "ILC Report, July 2001" (International Longevity Center USA, .pdf format, 7p.). The "ILC Report" is "a monthly update of longevity and aging issues from the government -- federal, state, local, and international -- and the private sector."

For more information about ILCUSA see:

14. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: "Are Your Parents Driving You Crazy?" (AARP, RealAudio format, July 2001, running time 30 minutes). This segment features an interview with authors Joseph Ilardo and Carol Rothman, who recently published a book about the difficulties of dealing with aging parents.

Scroll to the segment and click on the title. (Realplayer needed, playing time shows up on RealPlayer when you open it.)

15. AARP's MY GENERATION: The September/October edition of "My Generation" is now online. Use the section guides in the left-hand column to navigate through the different sections of the magazine, and to locate individual articles. Articles are in HTML format.


III. Working Papers:

16. NBER: Note: Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract or submit your email address for full text. "The Aging Population and the Size of the Welfare State," by Assaf Razin, Efraim Sadka, and Phillip Swagel (National Bureau of Economic Research W8405, July 2001, .pdf format, 24p.). Note: This link will take you directly to the abstract for this paper.

17. WHARTON PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: "Estimating International Adverse Selection in Annuities," by Olivia S. Mitchell and David McCarthy (Pension Research Council, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Working Paper 2001-12, June 2001, .pdf format, 38p.).


It is well known that purchasers of annuities have lower mortality than the general population. Less widely known is the quantitative extent of this adverse selection and how it varies across countries. This paper proposes and applies several methods for comparing alternative mortality tables and illustrates their impact on annuity valuation for men and women in the US and the UK. Our results indicate that the relatively lower mortality among older Americans who purchase annuities is equivalent to using a discount rate that is 50-100 basis points below the UK rate for compulsory annuitants, or 10-20 basis points lower than the UK rate for voluntary annuitants. We then draw on the mortality experience of over half a billion lives to estimate mortality differentials due to varying degrees of adverse selection controlling for country, gender, and an allowance for mortality improvements. Results show that adverse selection associated with the purchase of individual annuities reduces mortality rates by at least 25% in the international context. We also find that the system of mortality tables used to value Japanese annuities is quite distinct from international norms.

18. RAND LABOR AND POPULATION PROGRAM WORKING PAPER: "Elderly Labor Supply: Work or Play?," by Steven Haider and David Loughran (DRU-2582, WP 01-09, April 2001, .pdf format, 39p.).


Approximately 15 percent of individuals over the age of 65 are employed. Due to the apparent reversal in the trend toward early retirement and the aging of the U.S. population, these individuals are becoming an increasingly important part of the labor force. However, very little research has examined labor market behavior in this population. In this paper, the authors examine a series of questions in an attempt to better understand why the elderly continue to work. The results indicate that labor supply is concentrated among the most educated, wealthiest, and healthiest elderly. Despite this, the authors find that the wages of the elderly are low both relative to younger populations and relative to the wages they earned when they themselves were young. Among individuals over the age of 70, the authors find that changes in health status dominate labor market transitions. Overall, the findings suggest that non-pecuniary considerations play an important role in determining elderly labor supply decisions.


A. "Tradeoffs between Public and Private Economic Support of the Elderly: Results from a Natural Experiment in Taiwan," by Ann E. Biddlecom, Albert I. Hermalin, Mary Beth Ofstedal, Ming-Cheng Chang, and Yi-Li Chuang (PSC Elderly in Asia Working Paper 01-58, July 2001, .pdf format, 12p.).


The purpose of this study is to examine how public money transfers affect private money transfers. Analyses draw on a natural experiment in Taiwan, where two subsidy programs for the elderly were implemented in 1994-1995. One program targeted farmers age 65 years and older throughout Taiwan. The other subsidy program was tied to political elections and implemented in 5 of the survey hsiens (counties) and cities. Nationally representative, longitudinal data from 1989-1996 on approximately 4,000 older persons are used to examine how private transfers vary with receipt of public transfers and whether the subsidy programs had an impact on reliance on family for major financial support. Private transfers have been the major source of income for the elderly in Taiwan, but a dramatic shift occurred in the mid-1990s towards pension income, even among those elderly who had previously relied on family financial support. Multivariate results indicate that the farmers pension program had a significant and positive effect on the likelihood that older persons switched from private transfers as their main source of income in 1993 to pension income in 1996. In contrast, the hsien and city-level subsidy program had little effect on the move away from private transfer income as a main source of support. Dataset(s) used: Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly: Taiwan, 1989, 1993, 1995 and 1996.

B. "Psychological Well-Being Asian Style: The Perspective of Thai Elders," by Berit Ingersoll-Dayton, Chanpen Saengtienchai, Jiraporn Kespichayawattana, and Yupin Aungsuroch (PSC Research Report 01-474, May 2001, .pdf format, 19p.).


Psychological well-being is an important aspect of life quality for older adults. Asian elders may have a distinctly different perspective from Westerners concerning the meaning of psychological well-being. Using qualitative research methods, this study focused on the views of Thai elders. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with 67 Thai people aged 60 and over. Transcripts were content analyzed resulting in the identification of five dimensions of well-being: harmony, interdependence, acceptance, respect and enjoyment. When compared to research in the United States, some of the dimensions of psychological well-being were distinct while others were overlapping. Implications are discussed in relation to the development of culturally relevant measures of well-being.

20. SIPP WORKING PAPER: "Social Security Benefit Reporting," Janice A. Olson (US Census Bureau, SIPP Working Paper No. 235, .pdf format, July 2001, 38p.).


SEDAP at McMaster University has made available 13 working papers published in June/July 2001. The papers are available in .pdf format, and can be downloaded by clicking on "Download .pdf file". Many of the papers have abstracts, and these can be viewed by clicking on the "Abstract" link for a paper. Here is a list of the working paper number, title, and author(s) of the 13 papers.

45 "Time Series Properties and Stochastic Forecasts: Some Econometrics of Mortality from the Canadian Laboratory," by Frank T. Denton, Christine H. Feaver, and Byron G. Spencer
46 "Linear Public Goods Experiments: A Meta-Analysis," by Jennifer Zelmer
47 "Local Planning for an Aging Population in Ontario: Two Case Studies," by Lynda M. Hayward
48 "Management Experience and Diversity in an Ageing Organisation: A Microsimulation Analysis," by Ted Wannell and Martin Gravel
49 "Resilience Indicators of Post Retirement Well-Being," by Elsa Marziali and Peter Donahue
50 "Continuity or Change? Older People in Three Urban Areas," by Judith Phillips
51 "Intracohort Income Status Maintenance: An Analysis of the Later Life Course," by Steven G. Prus
52 "Tax-Preferred Savings Accounts and Marginal Tax Rates: Evidence on RRSP Participation," by Kevin Milligan
53 "Cohort Survival Analysis is Not Enough: Why Local Planners Need to Know More About the Residential Mobility of the Elderly," by Lynda M. Hayward and N. Michael Lazarowich
54 "Unemployment and Health: Contextual Level Influences on the Production of Health in Populations," by Franois Bland, Stephen Birch, Greg Stoddart
55 "The Timing and Duration of Women's Life Course Events: A Study of Mothers With at Least Two Children," by Karen M. Kobayashi, Anne Martin-Matthews, Carolyn J. Rosenthal, and Sarah Matthews
56 "Age-Gapped and Age-Condensed Lineages: Patterns of Intergenerational Age Structure Among Canadian Families," by Anne Martin-Matthews, Karen Midori
Kobayashi, Carolyn J. Rosenthal, and Sarah H. Matthews
57 "The Relationship between Age, Socio-Eonomic Status, and Health among Adult Canadians," by Steven G. Prus


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

22. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 154, No. 4, August 2001).

23. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 15, No. 3, Sept. 2001). Note: This journal is available via EbscoHost. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

24. Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 63, No. 3, August 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

25. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Economic Review (Vol. 91, No. 3, June 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text via ProQuest Research Library and EbscoHost. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue


26. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of August 2, 2001:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of August 2, 2001:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of August 2, 2001:

AMADEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

27. NIH: "Cognitive Neuroimaging: Understanding the Link Between Neuronal Activity and Functional Imaging Signals," (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute of Mental Health. National Institute of Aging, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institute on Drug Abuse, RFA-NS-02-009, released July 27, 2001).


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

28. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON MEANS AND WAYS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SOCIAL SECURITY:"Social Security and Pension Reform: Lessons from Other Countries," (US House Committee on Means and Ways, Subcommittee on Social Security, HTML format, hearing held July 31, 2001).


A. "Healthy Aging in Rural America," (Senate Hearing #107-52, hearing held March 29, 2001, ASCII text and .pdf format, 154p.).

B. "Modernization of Social Security and Medicare," (Senate Hearing #107-63, hearing held April 19, 2001, ASCII text and .pdf formats, p. 20).

Scroll to or "find in page" "107-52" or "107-63".

VII. Websites of Interest:

30. SSA: "Immigration," (_Social Security Administration_, HTML and .pdf formats, 2001). Note: This web page is designed to assist immigrants in locating information about Social Security. One of the more interesting features on the site is the "Multi-Language Gateway." The 'Gateway' provides information in 14 different languages.

31. AOA:

A. "The Resource Directory for Older People: Interim Version of Latest Edition," (Administration on Aging and National Institute on Aging, HTML and .pdf formats, August 2001, 120p.).

Click on "PDF version" to access electronic full-text of the directory.

B. "Request for Comments: Community-Based Alternatives for Individuals With Disabilities," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, HTML format, July 30, 2001).




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400