Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #92--July 12, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HRS: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study/Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old (HRS/AHEAD) website announced a data alert on July 12, 2001: "HRS 2000 Early Release: Replacement of HRS 2000 files to supply two missing variables."


II. Reports and articles:

2. GAO CORRESPONDENCE: "Regulatory Issues for Medicare Providers," (US General Accounting Office, GAO-01-802R, .pdf format, June 2001, 21p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports can always be found at:

Search on title or report number

3. AOA FACTSHEET: "Respite: What Caregivers Need Most," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Aging, .pdf and HTML formats, released July 6, 2001).



4. DHHS OIG AUDITS: Note: Click on "Complete Text of Report" to access the full-text audit.

"Review of Humanas $21.7 Million Underpayment Claim for Beneficiaries Classified as Residing Outside the Plans Service Area," (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, A-06-99-00060, June 2001, .pdf format, 37p.).


Humana, Inc., a national managed care organization chain, submitted a claim to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) asserting that CMS, in many cases, had based payments for enrolled Medicare beneficiaries on incorrect State and county address codes resulting in a net underpayment to Humana of $21.7 million for the period October 1991 through December 1997. Our review, at CMS request, showed the claim should be reduced to about $9.5 million. The $12.2 million overstatement was due to; duplicate items in the claim and for beneficiaries not enrolled in a Humana plan ($1.3 million), amounts not supported by Humanas records ($10.2 million), and items that were not, but should have been, included in Humanas claim ($0.7 million). In our final report we recommended, in addition to a reduction of $12.2 million in Humanas claim, that CMS establish stringent guidelines for accepting additional documentation from Humana for claims that should be fully developed and supportable before submission to CMS. The CMS concurred with our recommendation.


5. SSA OCA ACTUARIAL NOTES: "Internal Real Rates of Return Under the OASDI Program for Hypothetical Workers," by Orlo R. Nichols, Michael D. Clingman, and Milton P. Glanz (US Social Security Administration Office of the Chief Actuary, Actuarial Notes #144, June 2001, HTML format).

6. DHHS FACT SHEET: "Medicare Rx Discount Card," (US Department of Health and Human Services, HTML format, July 12, 2001).

7. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "A Transcriptively Active Complex of APP with Fe65 and Histone Acetyltransferase Tip60," by Xinwei Cao and Thomas C. Sdhof (_Science_, Vol. 293, No. 5527, .pdf and HTML formats, July 6, 2001, p. 115-120).

B. "Elusive Protein Auditions for Several New Roles," by Jean Marx (_Science_, Vol. 293, No. 5527, July 6, 2001, p. 28-29).

8. _JAMA_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The Role of Knee Alignment in Disease Progression and Functional Decline in Knee Osteoarthritis," by Leena Sharma, Jing Song, David T. Felson, September Cahue, Eli Shamiyeh, and Dorothy D. Dunlop (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 286, No. 2, .pdf and HTML formats, July 11, 2001, p. 188-195).

9. _LANCET_ ARTICLE: Note: _Lancet_ requires free registration before providing content.

"Amyloid load and clinical outcome in AA amyloidosis in relation to circulating concentration of serum amyloid A protein," by Julian D Gillmore, Laurence B Lovat, Malcolm R Persey, Mark B Pepys, and Philip N Hawkins (_The Lancet_, Original Research, Vol. 358, No. 9275, .pdf and HTML formats, July 7, 2001, p. 24-29).



10. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Donepezil for the Management of Patients With Alzheimer's Disease: A Good Choice From among the Cholinesterase Inhibitors," (_Drug and Therapy Perspectives_ via Medscape, Vol. 17, No. 11, June 2001, p. 1-6).


B. "Personality Characteristics of Physicians and End-of-Life Decisions in Russia," by Jrg Richter, Martin R. Eisemann, and Elena Zgonnikova (_Medscape General Medicine_ via Medscape, HTML format, July 13, 2001).


11. _NATURE_ HYPOTHESIS ABSTRACT: Note: Full electronic text may be available. Check your organization's library.

"Cause of neural death in neurodegenerative diseases attributable to expansion of glutamine repeats," by M. F. Perutz and A. H. Windle (Nature, Vol. 412, No. 6843, .pdf format, July 12, 2001, p. 143-144)

12. FAMILIES USA REPORT: "Off the Charts: Pay, Profits and Spending in Drug Companies," (Families USA, .pdf format, July 2001, 36p.).

Press release that links to report:

To read the report click on "View the full report in pdf...".

For more information on Families USA see:

13. _AARP_ REPORT: "In the Middle: A Report on Multicultural Boomers Coping With Family and Aging Issues," (AARP, July 2001, .pdf format, 143p.).

To locate the full text report go to:

Scroll to the end of the page and click on "Download or view".

14. MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER NEWSLETTER: "MRRC Newsletter," (Michigan Retirement Research Center, Vol. 2, No. 2, .pdf format, July 2001, 6p.).

For more information about the MRRC Newsletter, go to:


III. Working Papers:

15. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "Gini coefficient as a life table function: computation from discrete data, decomposition of differences and empirical examples," by Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Evgeniy E. Andreev, and Alexander Z. Begun (_Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research_, WP 2001-17, Jun. 2001, .pdf format, 33p.).


This paper presents a toolkit for measuring and analysing inter-individual inequality in length of life by Gini coefficient. Gini coefficient is treated as an additional function of the life table. A new method for the estimation of Gini coefficient from life table data has been developed and tested on the basis of hundreds of life tables. The method provides precise estimates of Gini coefficient for abridged life tables even if the last age group is 85+. New formulae have been derived for the decomposition of differences in Gini coefficient by age and cause of death. A method for further decomposition of age-components into effects of mortality and population group has been developed. It permits the linking of inter-individual inequalities in length of life with inter-group inequalities. Empirical examples include the decomposition of secular decrease in Gini coefficient in the USA by age, decomposition of the difference in Gini coefficient between the UK and the USA by age and cause of death, temporal changes in the effects of elimination of causes of death on Gini coefficient, and decomposition of changes in Gini coefficient in Russia by age and educational group. Consideration of the variations in Gini coefficient during the last decades and across modern populations show that these variations are driven not only by historical shifts in the distribution of deaths by age, but also by peculiar health and social situations.

16. WHARTON PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: "Asset Rich and Cash Poor: Retirement Provision and Housing Policy in Singapore," by David McCarthy, Olivia S. Mitchell, and John Piggott (Pension Research Council, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Working Paper 2001-10, May 2001, .pdf format, 41p.).

National defined contribution pension systems have long been a mainstay of retirement income in Asia. One of the oldest and best-known of these systems is the Singaporean Central Provident Fund, a mandatory retirement scheme managed by the central government for almost a half-century. With required contribution rates that have ranged up to 50%, this program has powerfully shaped asset accumulation patterns and housing portfolios. This paper explores how the structure and design of the Singaporean retirement and housing schemes influence wealth levels and asset mix at retirement. Our model indicates that outcomes rest critically on the interlinked national retirement and housing programs. We show that policies to enhance one program may boost retirement replacement rates but can also lower total wealth in unexpected ways. The lessons we draw may serve as guidance for other countries constructing a national defined contribution retirement system.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

17. Age and Aging (Vol. 30, No. 3, May 2001). Note: Full-text may be available at the Web site.

18. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 154, No. 2, July 15, 2001). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library

19. The Geronotologist (Vol. 41, No. 4, August 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for
the availability of this database and this issue.

20. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences (A) (Vol. 56A, No. 8, August 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

21. Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences (A) (Vol. 56A, No. 8, August 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

22. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Options"
C. Type the Journal Name in the "Publication title" search box and click the radio button "Words in Title"
D. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

American Economic Review (Vol. 91, No. 2, May 2001). This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library and EbscoHost. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.


23. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of July 6, 2001:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of July 6, 2001 and July 12, 2001:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of July 6, 2001:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

24. NIH: "The Management of Chronic Pain," (National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), National Institute on Aging (NIA), National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), PA-01-115, release date July 2, 2001).


VI. Conferences:

25. ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE RESEARCH CENTER AT WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY: "3rd Leonard Berg Symposium - Neurobiology of the Aging Nervous System: Models, Manipulations and Alzheimer's Disease." "The Alzheimer's Disease Research Center (ADRC) at Washington University in St. Louis is hosting the 3rd Leonard Berg Symposium - Neurobiology of the Aging Nervous System: Models, Manipulations and Alzheimer's Disease - September 21st - 22nd, 2001, at the Chase Park Plaza Hotel (St. Louis). ... A world class faculty will showcase some of the best research on the aging nervous system across models and paradigms. Sessions include:

- Aging in Model Organisms: Rodent to Human
- Experimental Manipulation of the Aging Process
- Aging, Alzheimer's Disease and Therapeutics"

For program, registration and travel information, go to:





Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology
Rm. 4470A Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400