Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #79--April 12, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. NLS: The US Bureau of Labor Statistics National Longitudinal Study has released NLS News No. 01-105 (2001, .pdf format, 8p.), which discusses the release of the 1999 Mature Women and Young Women Data.

NLS News 01-105:

Ordering information for 1999 Mature Women and Young Women Data (DWM-R7):

2. HRS/AHEAD: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study/Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old announced a "Correction to Five Data Releases" on Apr. 9, 2001. "In one specific household, ID, gender, and birthyear variables were mixed up between respondents in several waves, specifically AHEAD 1993, AHEAD 1995, and HRS 1998. Corrections to this problem also affect the AHEAD 1995 preliminary Exit data and the cross-wave Tracker File. A data alert has been issued for each affected dataset. Each of the alerts provides commands (as needed for various statistical packages) to enable users to correct the errors." Links to the Data Alerts can be found at:


II. Reports and articles:

3. SSA REPORT: "Earnings and Employment Data for Workers Covered Under Social Security and Medicare, by State and County, 1997" (US Social Security Administration, SSA Publication No. 13-11784, February 2001, .pdf format, 379p.). Note: This publication can be downloaded in its entirety or by state or region. Back issues for 1996 and 1995 are also available (at the bottom of the website).

4. OMB FY 2002 BUDGET: The US FY 2002 Budget was transmitted to Congress by the Office of Management and Budget on April 9, 2001. It covers the fiscal year beginning October 1, 2001. The budget is available in HTML and .pdf format, with data in Microsoft Excel, Lotus, and comma delimited format.

5. URBAN INSTITUTE CHARTBOOK: "Long-Term Care: Consumers, Providers, and Financing. A Chart book," by Jane Tilly, Susan Goldenson, and Jessica Kasten (Urban Institute, March 2001, .pdf format, 60p.). Data from the chartbook have been drawn from many sources, including the 1994 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) Disability Supplement, the 1994 National Long-Term Care Survey (NLTCS), and the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).

6. CITIZENS FOR LONG TERM CARE WHITE PAPER: Note: "Citizens For Long Term Care is a nonprofit coalition of long term care providers, consumer and patient advocates, insurers, workers and advocates for people with disabilities who seek to inform and educate policymakers about the need for long term care financing reform." "Defining Common Ground: Long Term Care Financing Reform in 2001" (February 2001, Microsoft Word format, 27p.). Note: Users must register with their names and email addresses before downloading this white paper.

Citizens for Long Term Care:

7. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

A. "Lack of tissue glucocorticoid reactivation in 11-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 knockout mice ameliorates age-related learning impairments," by Joyce L. W. Yau, June Noble, Christopher J. Kenyon, Carina Hibberd, Yuri Kotelevtsev, John J. Mullins, and Jonathan R. Seckl (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 8, Apr. 10, 2001, p. 4716-4721).

B. "Beta-Amyloid peptide blocks the response of Alpha 7-containing nicotinic receptors on hippocampal neurons," by Qing-song Liu, Hideki Kawai, and Darwin K. Berg (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 8, Apr. 10, 2001, p. 4734-4739).

C. "Allostatic load as a marker of cumulative biological risk: MacArthur studies of successful aging," by Teresa E. Seeman, Bruce S. McEwen, John W. Rowe, and Burton H. Singer (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 8, Apr. 10, 2001, p. 4770-4775).

8. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Regulation of Longevity and Stress Resistance by Sch9 in Yeast," by Paola Fabrizio, Fabiola Pozza, Scott D. Pletcher, Christi M. Gendron, Valter D. Longo (_Science_, Vol. 292, No. 5515, Apr. 13, 2001, p. 288-290). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.


A. "Use of Statins and Risk of Fractures," by Tjeerd-Pieter van Staa, Sebastiaan Wegman, Frank de Vries, Bert Leufkens, and Cyrus Cooper (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 285, No. 14, Apr. 11, 2001, p. 1850-1855).

B. "Statins and Fracture Risk," by Sean Hennessy and Brian L. Strom (_Journal of the American Medical Association_, Vol. 285, No. 14, Apr. 11, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1888-1889).

C. "Estrogen and Osteoarthritis," by Joan Stephenson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ The World in Medicine, Vol. 285, No. 14, Apr. 11, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1831).

D. "Asthma and the Elderly," by Joan Stephenson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ The World in Medicine, Vol. 285, No. 14, Apr. 11, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1831).

E. "Alzheimer Weight Loss," by Joan Stephenson (_Journal of the American Medical Association_ The World in Medicine, Vol. 285, No. 14, Apr. 11, 2001, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1831).


A. "A Reevaluation of the Duration of Survival after the Onset of Dementia," by Christina Wolfson, David B. Wolfson, Masoud Asgharian, Cyr Emile M'Lan, Truls Ostbye, Kenneth Rockwood, and D.B. Hogan (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 344, No. 15, Apr. 12, 2001, p. 1111-1116).

B. "Aging and the Public Health Effects of Dementia," by Claudia H. Kawas and Ron Brookmeyer (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 344, No. 15, Apr. 12, 2001).

C. "The Doctor's Letter of Condolence," by Susanna E. Bedell, Karen Cadenhead, and Thomas B. Graboys (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 344, No. 15, Apr. 12, 2001).


A. "A new beginning for care for elderly people?" by John Grimley Evans and Raymond C. Tallis (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 322, No. 7290, Apr. 7, 2001, p. 808).

B. "Hong Kong wants adults to save for their health care in old age," by Jane Parry (_British Medical Journal_ News Roundup, Vol. 322, No. 7290, Apr. 7, 2001, p. 816).

C. "Longitudinal cohort study of childhood IQ and survival up to age 76," by Lawrence J. Whalley and Ian J. Deary (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 322, No. 7290, Apr. 7, 2001, 5p.).

D. "Care of older people: Falls in late life and their consequences--implementing effective services," by Cameron G. Swift (_British Medical Journal_ Education and Debate, Vol. 322, No. 7290, Apr. 7, 2001, p. 855-857).

E. "DEAD: An End to Conveyor Belt Funerals," by Joan Beadle (_British Medical Journal_ art review, Vol. 322, No. 7290, Apr. 7, 2001, p. 870).

F. _The Dying Process: Experiences of Patients in Palliative Care_, by Julia Lawton, reviewed by Esther Waterhouse (_British Medical Journal_ book review, Vol. 322, No. 7290, Apr. 7, 2001, p. 870).

12. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Bridging Geriatric Psychiatry Research and Practice: American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry 14th Annual Meeting Conference Report, from a conference held Feb. 23-26, 2001, San Francisco, California," by Keith R. Edwards (Medscape Mental Health, Vol. 6, No. 2, March/April 2001).

B. "Verteporfin Photodynamic Therapy a First-Line Option for the Leading Cause of Blindness - Age-Related Macular Degeneration" (_Drugs and Therapy Perspectives_, Vol. 17, No. 3, March 2001, p. 1-5).


C. "Rapid and Aggressive Treatment the Key to Successful Management of Bone and Joint Infections in the Elderly" (_Drugs and Therapy Perspectives_, Vol. 17, No. 4, April 2001, p. 6-8).


D. "Osteoporosis and the Orthopaedic Surgeon: How to Prevent and Treat Based on Presentations From the World Congress on Osteoporosis 2000," a conference report by John D. Kaufman from a conference held Jun. 15-18, 2000, Chicago Illinois (Medscape Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 2, March/April 2001).


13. AARP BULLETIN_ ARTICLES. The April 2001 _AARP Bulletin_ features two online articles: "Grandparents: Practicing Their Art," by Beth Baker; and"Interview with John Challenger," (chief executive officer of Challenger, Gray & Christmas, Inc., a nationwide outplacement consulting firm), by Elliot Carlson.

14. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: Note: These are audio transcripts and listeners will need the RealPlayer plug-in or helper application to hear them.

A. Mar. 27, 2001: "Re-Training Older Drivers." "Like it or not, our reflexes and perceptions are not the same at age 50 as they were at age 16, or 18, when we first learned to drive. Add that to the vastly changed road and traffic conditions, and it's easy to see the need for driver re-education. Brian Greenberg and Ken White work with 55-Alive, the nation's largest driver re-training program, and Sally Everett is a recent graduate. They join host Mike Cuthbert to talk about this valuable program." Running time: 23 minutes 56 seconds.

B. Mar. 27, 2001: "Revitalizing Sex." "Baby boomers are still obsessed with sex, it seems, and working to combat the inevitable effects of aging on their sex lives. They're getting lots of help, from people like Dr. Alan Altman, a Harvard gynecologist and author of: _Making Love the Way We Used To... or Better: Secrets of Satisfying Midlife Sexuality_. Dr. Altman delves very frankly into the subject in this interview." Running time: 30 minutes, 9 seconds.

Both programs can be accessed from:

15. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "An unlikely coalition for estate-tax repeal," by Angie Cannon (_US News and World Report_, Apr. 16, 2001).


III. Working Papers:

16. NBER: "Retirement and Wealth," by Alan L. Gustman and Thomas L. Steinmeier (National Bureau of Economic Research W8229, April 2001, .pdf format, 66p.).


This paper estimates reduced form retirement and wealth equations, and analyzes the relationship between them. Data are from the first four waves of the longitudinal Health and Retirement Study, individuals born from 1931 to 1941. Single equation retirement models relate the probability of retiring to forward looking measures of changes in the values of social security and pension benefits when retirement is postponed. Such simple models suggest that if the social security early retirement age were to be raised or abolished, more people would retire earlier rather than later. Our work analyzes the reasons for such counter intuitive predictions, and discusses the need to analyze these policies in the context of a structural model of retirement and wealth. To improve retirement analysis, we develop the premium value, a measure of the future value of pensions and social security that better reflects the accrual of benefits under defined contribution plans. We also introduce a new definition of retirement to blend information on objective hours worked with subjective self reports of retirement status. Our findings also explore the effects of social security incentives on partial retirement, and consider the importance of partial retirement in any study relating social security to retirement behavior.

Click on "PDF" or submit your email address at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

17. SYRACUSE UNIVERSITY MAXWELL SCHOOL OF CITIZENSHIP AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS, CENTER FOR POLICY RESEARCH: "Intergenerational Labor Market and Welfare Consequences of Poor Health," by Thomas J. Kniesner and Anthony T. LoSasso (Working Paper No. 37, March 2001, .pdf format, 42p.).


Our research provides new econometric evidence concerning partial economic risk sharing between a frail elderly parent and an adult child. We estimate a jointly determined limited dependent variables system explaining the parents entry into a nursing home, the adult child's visits to the parent, and the adult child's labor supplied. The time allocation of adult sons is unaffected by a parent's frail health. Adult daughters who visit a frail elderly parent daily decrease their annual labor supplied by about 1,000 hours annually, largely through labor force non-participation. The implied welfare loss to the daughter from a frail elderly parent in need of frequent visits is about $180,000. Our results run counter to the moral hazard argument against long-term care insurance and clarify the two sides' positions in the policy debate over the degree of generosity of recently proposed tax credits for adult children who help care for sick aged parents.

Click on "Click here for the Adobe Acrobat version of CPR Working Paper 37" for full text.

18. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS: "Saving for Retirement: Household Bargaining and Household Net Worth," by Shelly Lundberg and Jennifer Ward-Batts (January 2001, .pdf format, 22p.).


Traditional economic models of savings treat the household as a single individual, and do not allow for the separate preferences of and possible conflicts of interest between husbands and wives. Since wives are typically younger than their husbands and life expectancy for women exceeds that for men, wives may prefer to save more for retirement than do their husbands. This suggests that households in which wives have greater relative bargaining power may accumulate greater net worth as they approach retirement. We explore the importance of bargaining in marriages of older couples by examining the empirical relationship between the net worth of couples in the first wave of the Health and Retirement Survey and factors that may affect the relative bargaining power of husbands and wives, such as control over income sources, relative age, and relative education. We find that measures of long-term relative bargaining power of wives have a positive effect on the household's wealth, even when controlling for other factors. In general, the realized effects of reforms intended to increase private saving for retirement may depend on how these reforms affect household bargaining relationships, as well as how they affect individual incentives to save.

19. UNIVERSITY OF COPENHAGEN [DENMARK] INSTITUTE OF ECONOMICS: "Funded pensions, labor market participation, and economic growth," by Mark A. Roberts and Eric O'N. Fisher (Working Paper 01-04, 2001, .pdf format, 17p.).


This paper analyses a model of overlapping generations in which agents who do not participate in the labor market are unable to borrow. Thus an increase in a fully funded pension raises aggregate savings even with a fixed participation rate since private savings are not crowded out one-for-one. When labor force participation is determined endogenously, a rise in the level of fully funded pensions increases the aggregate labor supply. This in turn increases aggregate savings and growth, directly by raising per capita savings and indirectly through tax and interest rate effects.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 153, No. 8, Apr. 15, 2001). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available. Check your organization's library.

21. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 15, No. 1, March 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the EBSCO Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Click on "Tables of Contents" in the left hand frame, and then "Volume 15, Issue 1."

22. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

American Economic Review (Vol. 91, No. 1, March 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

Educational Gerontology (Vol. 27, No. 2, 2001). Note: This journal is available in full electronic text in the EBSCO Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

Journal of Aging and Identity (Vol. 6, No. 1, March 2001).


V. Funding Opportunities:

23. NIH: Strategies For Germ-Line Modification in the Rat (US National Institutes of Health, PAR-01-077, Apr. 3, 2001).

"The National Center for Research Resources, National Cancer Institute, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institute on Aging, and National Institute on Drug Abuse, invite applications for the purpose of establishing methods for the efficient production of rat models that contain germ-line mutations that will facilitate the transfer of biological concepts to human health problems. Development of rat embryonic stem cell (ESC) technology by modification of current techniques or development of new approaches will meet the needs of researchers using the rat to study human health and disease. This initiative is designed for rat models only and should not include human subjects or tissues." For more information see:


VI. Conferences:

24. IAHSA: "The International Association of Homes and Services for the Ageing will hold its fourth international conference and exposition from 29 June to 1 July, 2001, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The theme of this year's conference is 'One World, Diverse Approaches to Housing and Care,' and participants will learn about the latest technology in products and educational services for long-term care providers. More than 58 educational sessions will be offered." For more information see:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

25. AOA OLDER AMERICANS ACT APPROPRIATION INFORMATION: The US Administration on Aging has released a table of OAA appropriation information incorporating the Fiscal Year 2002 Budget Proposal numbers.

26. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE: "Medicare and Managed Care: Finding Successful Solutions," a hearing held Apr. 3, 2001.

Hearing testimony:

27. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING PUBLICATIONS: The US Senate Special Committee on Aging has made available several hearing publications. The publications are available in print only at this time, but may be ordered free of charge from the below listed website. The publications are:

106-29: The Cash Balance Conundrum: How to Promote Pensions Without Harming Participants
106-33: Nursing Home Residents: Shortchanged by Staff Shortages, Part II
106-34: Protecting Seniors From Fraud
106-35: Nursing Home Bankruptcies: What Caused Them?
106-36: Long-Term Care Insurance: Protecting Consumers From Hidden Rate Hikes
106-37: Barriers to Hospice Care: Are We Shortchanging Dying Patients
106-38: Joint Hearing on Pension Tension: Does The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation Deliver for Retirees
106-39: The Nursing Home Initiative: A Two-Year Progress Report
106-40: Living Longer, Living Better: The Challenge to Policymakers

Click on "ORDER FORM" at the bottom of the page to order publications.


VIII. Websites of Interest:

28. AOA: The US Administration on Aging has updated its "Implementing the National Family Caregiver Support Program (NFCSP) Caregiving Resources for the Aging Network" website to include information on "the enactment of the NFCSP and its implementation." The first two sections of the site link to this information.


Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706