Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #69--February 1, 2001

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. ICPSR: The Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research released nine studies on Jan. 25, 2001. Of possible interest to researchers in aging are:

Multiple Cause of Death, 1997 (# 3085)
German Social Survey (Allbus) Cumulative File, 1980-1996 (# 3066)

Multiple Cause of Death is freely available after agreeing to the US National Center for Health Statistics data disclaimer. The GSS is available to consortium members only.

Note: this is a temporary address. These files are always available at:

Search on study number:

List of ICPSR Official Representatives:

2. BLS: "Annual Average Tables from the January 2001 Issue of _Employment and Earnings_ (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 49 tables, ASCII text and .pdf format, 63p.).


II. Reports and articles:

3. SSA COMPENDIUM: _Annual Statistical Supplement, 2000 to the Social Security Bulletin_ (US Social Security Administration, January 2001, .pdf format, 366p.). "The _Supplement_ has 400+ (sic) pages of the most comprehensive data available on the Social Security and SSI programs. The data cover many aspects of these programs -- from beneficiary counts and amounts of benefits to the status of the trust funds. The statistical tables also contain data on Medicare, Medicaid, veterans' benefits, and other related income-security programs. At the beginning of the Supplement are historical program summaries of the major programs and summaries of current legislative developments. The _Supplement_ also has a glossary of program terms -- an essential reference for understanding the data in this compendium." This publication can be downloaded in its entirety or chapter by chapter. Links are also provided to the 1999 and 1998 _Supplements_.

4. GAO REPORT: "Medicare Home Health Care: OASIS Data Use, Cost, and Privacy Implications," (US General Accounting Office GAO-01-205, January 2001, .pdf format, 36p.).

Note: GAO Internet addresses are valid for only a limited period of time. After that time, documents can be found by searching the Government Printing Office:

Search on report number or title.

5. DOL PRESS RELEASE: "Compliance Level With Federal Labor Laws in the Nursing Home Industry Falls to a New Low" (US Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration, Wage and Hour Division, Jan. 19, 2001). Note: This press release links to a "2000 Nursing Home Fact Sheet."

6. ASHP REPORT: "Snapshot of Medication Use in the United States (American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, December 2000, .pdf format, 9p.).

Press release:


7. NASI 13TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE SESSION: "Medicare: Government, Markets, or Partnership?" (US National Academy of Social Insurance 13th Annual Conference -- "The Future of Social Insurance: Incremental Action or Fundamental Reform?" -- session, Jan. 25, 2001, RealPlayer and .pdf format, 1 hour and 17 minutes, 25p.). "This session examines emergent ideas in Medicare and discusses new conceptions of old problems. Panelists include: Marilyn Moon, Urban Institute; Sheila Burke, Smithsonian Institution and Kennedy School of Government; Mark Schlesinger, Yale University; and Gerard Anderson, Johns Hopkins University. The session is moderated by Robert D. Reischauer from the Urban Institute."

8. DHHS OIG COMPENDIUM: _Cost Saver Handbook: The 2001 Red Book_ (US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Inspector General, January 2001, .pdf format, 84p.). "The Red Book is a compendium of significant Office of Inspector General (OIG) cost-saving recommendations that have not been fully implemented. Full implementation of the recommendations in the 2000 edition of the Red Book could produce substantial savings to the Department. For each recommendation, we summarize the current law, the reason that action is needed, the estimated savings that would result from taking the recommended action, and the status of actions taken. In addition, the type of action needed (legislative, regulatory, or other administrative) is indicated. The savings estimates for these unimplemented recommendations are updated from time to time to reflect more current data as it becomes available. These estimates have varying levels of precision, and the actual savings to be achieved depend on the specific legislative, regulatory, or administrative action taken. However, the estimates provide a general indication of the magnitude of savings possible."

Click on "2001 Red Book".


A. "Aged Care report points to innovation and consolidation," (Jan. 30, 2001, HTML format).

B. "Report on Government Services 2001: Continued Growth in Aged Care," (Jan. 31, 2001, HTML format).

10. NIH NIA PRESS RELEASE: "Drug Decreases Blood Vessel Stiffness In Older Primates" (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, Jan. 29, 2001, see also item number 10A, below).

11. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Note: You may have access to full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) of these articles. Check your organization's library.

A. "A cross-link breaker has sustained effects on arterial and ventricular properties in older rhesus monkeys," by Peter V. Vaitkevicius, Mark Lane, Harold Spurgeon, Donald K. Ingram, George S. Roth, John J. Egan, Sara Vasan, Dilip R. Wagle, Peter Ulrich, Michael Brines, Jean Paul Wuerth, Anthony Cerami, and Edward G. Lakatta, (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 3, Jan. 30, 2001, p. 1171-1175).

B. A. "Reduced susceptibility to ischemic brain injury and N-methyl-D-aspartate-mediated neurotoxicity in cyclooxygenase-2-deficient mice," by Costantino Iadecola, Kiyoshi Niwa, Shigeru Nogawa, Xueren Zhao, Masao Nagayama, Eiichi Arak, Scott Morham, and M. Elizabeth Ross (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 98, No. 3, Jan. 30, 2001, p. 1294-1299).

12. _NEJM_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Effect of Risedronate on the Risk of Hip Fracture in Elderly Women," by Michael R. McClung, Piet Geusens, Paul D. Miller, Hartmut Zippel, William G. Bensen, Christian Roux, Silvano Adami, Ignac Fogelman, Terrence Diamond, Richard Eastell, Pierre J. Meunier, Richard D. Wasnich, Maria Greenwald, Jean-Marc Kaufman, Charles H. Chestnut III, and Jean-Yves Reginster (_New England Journal of Medicine_, Vol. 344, No. 5, Feb. 1, 2001, p. 333-340).

13. _BMJ_ NEWS: "NICE [National Institute for Clinical Excellence] approves drugs for Alzheimer's disease," by Zosia Kmietowicz (_British Medical Journal_ Vol 322, No. 7280, Jan. 27, 2001, HTML and .pdf format).


14. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. MEDLINE ABSTRACTS: "Skin Aging" (Medscape Dermatology, 2001, HTML format).


B. "Addressing Postmenopausal Estrogen Deficiency: A Position Paper of the American Council on Science and Health," by Sander Shapiro (Medscape General Medicine, January 2001, HTML format).


C. "Drug Costs Going Up While Utilization Increases" (_Drug Benefit Trends_ via Medscape, Vol. 12, No. 12, December 2000, HTML format).



A. "Parents Who Give Too Much: Many boomers are guilty of overindulging their adult children," by Valerie Marchant (_Time_, Vol. 157, No. 4, Jan. 29, 2001).,9171,96174,00.html

B. "Listening For The Blues: Depression among the elderly is common--and dangerous--but it's also very treatable," by Robert N. Butler (_Time_, Vol. 157, No. 4 Jan. 29, 2001).,9171,96164,00.html

16. _US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT_ ARTICLE: "For drug makers, Bush spells relief," by Pamela Sherrid (_US News and World Report_, Feb. 5, 2001).

17. _FORTUNE_ ARTICLE: "Funeral Roll-Ups Face a Slow, Painful Death," by David Whitford (_Fortune_, Vol. 143, No. 3, Feb. 5, 2001).


III. Working Papers:

18. CENSUS BUREAU: "An Analysis of State and County Population Changes by Characteristics: 1990-1999," by Amy Symens Smith, Bashir Ahmed, and Larry Sink (Census Bureau Population Working Paper No. 45, November 2000, HTML format. The paper is accompanied by ten tables and ten maps. Note: Figures 9 and 10 are maps of the US by median age, 1990 and 1999.


A. "Relative Deprivation, Inequality, and Mortality," by Angus Deaton (National Bureau of Economic Research W8099, January 2001, .pdf format, 46p.).


I present a model of mortality and income that integrates the 'gradient,' the negative relationship between income and mortality, with the Wilkinson hypothesis, that income inequality poses a risk to health. Individual health is negatively affected by relative deprivation within a reference group, defined as the ratio to group mean income of the total 'weight' of incomes of group members better-off than the individual. I argue that such a model is consistent with what we know about the way in which social status affects health, based on both animal and human models. The theory predicts: (a) within reference groups, which may be as large as whole populations, mortality declines with income, but at a decreasing rate; the mortality to income relationship is monotone decreasing and convex. (b) If the upper tail of the income distribution is Pareto then, among the rich, there will be a negative linear relationship between the logarithm of the probability of death and the logarithm of income, whose slope is larger the larger is Pareto's constant, itself often interpreted as a measure of equality. (c) A mean-preserving increase in the spread of incomes raises the risk of mortality for everyone. Between reference groups (e.g. states or countries) mortality is independent of the level of average income, but depends on the gini coefficient of income inequality, as does actual aggregate mortality across US states. Individual data from the National Longitudinal Mortality Study show that the relative deprivation theory provides a good account of the mortality gradient within states, but actually fails to account for interstate correlation between mortality and income inequality. Further analysis of the aggregate data shows that the effect of income inequality is not robust to the inclusion of other controls, particularly the fraction of blacks in the population. The fraction black is positively associated with white (male) mortality in both the individual and aggregate data and, once the fraction black is controlled for, there is no effect of income inequality on either male or female mortality. No explanation is offered for why white mortality should be higher in states with a higher proportion of blacks in the population.

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract, or submit your email address, for electronic full text.

B. "An International Perspective on Policies for an Aging Society," by Jonathan Gruber and David Wise (National Bureau of Economic Research W8103, January 2001, .pdf format, 34p.).


The single most important long run fiscal issue facing the developed world is the aging of its populations. In virtually every developed country, there will be a steep increase in the ratio of the elderly to the working age population over the first half of the 21st century. The purpose of our paper is to provide an international perspective on public policies directed towards the elderly, and to discuss the implications of these policies for both the elderly and for government budgets. We begin by briefly reviewing the panoply of public programs targeted to the elderly, and document wide variation among the otherwise similar OECD nations in government spending directed towards the elderly. We then review what this increased spending is buying the elderly by providing some evidence on the relationship between social insurance program incentives and labor supply, between public spending and average elderly incomes, and between public spending and elderly poverty rates. We provide some suggestive evidence that public spending on the elderly is doing little to raise their incomes on average, perhaps due to increased early retirement, but that it is significantly protecting them against poverty. We then ask what the demographic transition bodes for the future: if countries do not change their behavior, what is the likely path for their fiscal situations? We also show that, if the past is any guide, the burden of paying these high fiscal bills is likely to be paid through reduced spending elsewhere, particularly on programs for the non-elderly.

Click on "PDF" at the bottom of the abstract, or submit your email address, for electronic full text.

20. STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK--STONY BROOK ECONOMICS DEPARTMENT: "Micro Determinants of Labor Force Status Among Older Americans," by Hugo Benitez-Silva (Working Paper 00-07, September 2000, .pdf format, 39p.).


This paper uses the first three waves of the Health and Retirement Survey (HRS) to investigate the determinants of labor force status among older Americans. Using transitions at two-year intervals we find that after being retired or unemployed, those who are actively searching for a job have a higher probability of returning to work. We also find that being in good physical and mental health measured by objective and subjective variables increases the chances of becoming employed, as does having worked in the last twelve months. Those who are receiving disability payments are less likely to make this transition. If we focus on those who are married, we find a preference for joint leisure through the influence of the labor force status, health and age of the respondent's partner on the transition decisions. We investigate transitions in and out of employment and self-employment, and for subsamples of males and females. Using monthly employment dummies for the period 1989-97, we analyze monthly, quarterly, semi-annual and annual transitions and find that most of our conclusions are independent of the periodicity but that the effects of the variables vary across specifications.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

Canadian Journal on Aging (Vol. 19, Supplement 2, Fall 2000).

Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 57, Supplement 2, 2000, and Vol. 57, No. 4, December 2000).


V. Books:

22. COMMISSION ON BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES AND EDUCATION, NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL: _New Horizons in Health: An Integrative Approach_ (Committee on Future Directions for Behavioral and Social Sciences Research at the [US] National Institutes of Health, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, National Research Council, National Academy Press, 2000, Open Book format, 197p.).


VI. Funding Opportunities:

23. THE JOHN HEINZ SENATE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM IN ISSUES OF THE AGING: "The John Heinz Senate Fellowship Program is designed to identify and train new leaders in issues affecting children and seniors. Intended as a career development opportunity for mid-level professionals, the program will provide first-hand knowledge in the development and advancement of public policy and legislation that will improve the quality of life for our young and, in alternate years, for older Americans. The program was created in 1992 to honor the memory of the late United States Senator John Heinz, who spent much of his Congressional career as an outspoken advocate for the rights of older Americans and for the protection, health, welfare and education of children." For more information see:

24. NIH:

A. Tools For Insertional Mutanagenesis In the Mouse (RFA: DA-01-011, release date, Jan. 25, 2001.).

B.Tools For Insertional Mutanagenesis In the Mouse SBIR/STTR Initiative (RFA: DA-01-012, Jan. 25, 2001).


Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706