Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #587 -- May. 12, 2011

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES MEDICARE AND MEDICAID STATISTICAL SUPPLEMENT UPDATE: "Details for Medicare Short Stay Hospitals: 2010 Edition" (tables 5.1 - 5.12, May 2011, .zip compressed .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).


2. HUMAN MORTALITY DATABASE: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following update has been added to the database:

- Data for Russia were revised and updated through 2009 (May 3, 2011).

Data Availability:

Data Access:


II. Reports and articles:

3. US CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT QUICKSTATS: "Life Expectancy at Birth, by Race and Sex --- United States, 2000--2009" (Vol. 60, No. 18, May 13, 2011, HTML and .pdf format, p. 588).


4. US CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE ISSUE BRIEF: "The Underfunding of State and Local Pension Plans" (May 2011, .pdf format, 9p.).



A. "Medicare Atypical Antipsychotic Drug Claims for Elderly Nursing Home Residents" (OEI-07-08-00150, May 2011, .pdf format, 41p.).

B. "Comparison of Third-Quarter 2010 Average Sales Prices and Average Manufacturer Prices: Impact on Medicare Reimbursement for First Quarter 2011" (OEI-03-11-00160, May 2011, .pdf format, 21p.)

C. "Performance Data for the Senior Medicare Patrol Projects: May 2011 Performance Report" (OEI-02-11-00110, May 2011, .pdf format, 91p.).

D. "Review of High-Dollar Payments Processed by National Government Services for Long-Term Care Inpatient Services Provided Between October 1, 2006, and December 31, 2007" (A-05-09-00100, April 2011, .pdf format, 16p.).



A. "Nursing Homes: More Reliable Data and Consistent Guidance Would Improve CMS Oversight of State Complaint Investigations" (GAO-11-280, April 2011, HTML and .pdf format, 52p.).

B. "Nursing Home Quality: Implementation of the Quality Indicator Survey" (GAO-11-403R, April 2011, .pdf format, 32p.).



A. Social Security Bulletin (Vol. 71 No. 2, May 2011, HTML and .pdf format).

B. SSI Monthly Statistics, April 2011 (May 2011, HTML and .pdf format).

C. Monthly Statistical Snapshot, April 2011 (May 2011).


8. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Dementia among aged care residents: first information from the Aged Care Funding Instrument" (May 2011, .pdf format, 82p.).

Click on "publication" link for link to full text.




10. UK LAW COMMISSION REPORT: "Adult Social Care" (May 2011, .pdf format, 211p.).



A. "Medicaid: A Program of Last Resort for People Who Need Long-Term Services and Supports," by Wendy Fox-Grage and Donald Redfoot (May 2011, .pdf format, 4p.).

B. "The Employment Situation, April 2011: Average Duration of Unemployment for Older Jobseekers Exceeds One Year," by Sara E. Rix (May 2011, .pdf format, 7p.).


12. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Is Today's Price-Earnings Ratio Too High?" by Richard W. Kopcke and Zhenya Karamcheva (IB No. 11-7, May 2011, .pdf format, 6p.).


13. BROOKINGS INSTITUTION REPORT: "Potential Federal Roles in Dealing with State and Local Pension Problems," by Douglas J. Elliott (May 2011, .pdf format, 16p.).


14. CALIFORNIA HEALTHCARE FOUNDATION REPORT: "Improving Nursing Homes: Impact of the California Culture Change Coalition," by Mike Cheek (May 2011, .pdf format, 12p.).

More information about CHF:


15. CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES REPORT: "A Common-Sense Strategy for Fixing State Pension Problems in Tough Economic Time," by Elizabeth McNichol and Iris J. Lav (May 2011, .pdf format, 26p.).

More information about CBPP:


16. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE PERIODICAL: _Caregiving Policy Digest_ (Vol. 11, No. 8, May 9, 2011).



A. "Genworth 2011 Cost of Care Survey: Home Care Providers, Adult Day Health Care Facilities, Assisted Living Facilities and Nursing Homes" (2011, .pdf format, 92p.).

B. "Compare Cost of Care Across the United States"

More information about GF:


18. IRISH LONGITUDINAL STUDY ON AGEING (TILDA) REPORT [TRINITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, UNIVERSITY OF DUBLIN]: "Fifty Plus in Ireland 2011. First Results from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing," edited by Alan Barrett, George Savva, Virpi Timonen and Rose Anne Kenny (2011, .pdf format, 304p.).



A. "The Social Security Trust Fund," by Eric Toder (May 2011, video transcript, running time: 6 minutes, 11 seconds).

B. "Unemployment Statistics on Older Americans," by Richard W. Johnson, Corina Mommaerts, and Janice Park (updated, May, 2011, .pdf format, 11p.).


20. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "N-acylethanolamine signalling mediates the effect of diet on lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans, by Mark Lucanic, Jason M. Held, Maithili C. Vantipalli, Ida M. Klang, Jill B. Graham, Bradford W. Gibson, Gordon J. Lithgow, and Matthew S. Gill (Vol. 473, No. 7346, May 12, 2011, p 226-229).


21. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADMEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE: "Role of autonomous androgen receptor signaling in prostate cancer initiation is dichotomous and depends on the oncogenic signal," by Sanaz Memarzadeh, Houjian Cai, Deanna M. Janzen, Li Xin, Rita Lukacs, Mireille Riedinger, Yang Zong, Karel DeGendt, Guido Verhoeven, Jiaoti Huang, and Owen N. Witte (Vol. 108, No. 19, May 10, 2011, HTML and .pdf format, p. 7962-7967). This article is available free of charge.



A. "{Beta}-Carboline Compounds, Including Harmine, Inhibit DYRK1A and Tau Phosphorylation at Multiple Alzheimer's Disease-Related Sites," by Danielle Frost, Bessie Meechoovet, Tong Wang, Stephen Gately, Marco Giorgetti, Irina Shcherbakova, and Travis Dunckley (PLoS ONE 6(5): e19264. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0019264, Vol. 6, No. 5, May 2011, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "Musical Experience and the Aging Auditory System: Implications for Cognitive Abilities and Hearing Speech in Noise," by Alexandra Parbery-Clark, Dana L. Strait, Samira Anderson, Emily Hittner, Nina Kraus (PLoS ONE 6(5): e18082. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018082 Vol. 6, No. 5, May 2011, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 8p.).


23. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE: "Levothyroxine dose and risk of fractures in older adults: nested case-control study," by Marci R Turner, Ximena Camacho, Hadas D. Fischer, Peter C. Austin, Geoff M. Anderson, Paula A. Rochon, and Lorraine L Lipscombe (BMJ 2011; 342:d2238, Vol. 342, No. 7805, May 7, 2011, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Immigrant Diversity and Social Security: Recent Patterns and Future Prospects," by Melissa M. Favreault and Austin Nichols (WP#2011-8, May 2011, .pdf format, 92p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "The Potential Impact of the Great Recession on Future Retirement Incomes," by Barbara A. Butrica, Richard W. Johnson, and Karen E. Smith (WP#2011-9, May 2011, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "Optimal Portfolio Choice with Wage-Indexed Social Security," by Jialun Li and Kent Smetters (w17025, May 2011, .pdf format, 35p.).


This paper re-examines the classic question of how a household should optimally allocate its portfolio between risky stocks and risk-free bonds over its lifecycle. We show that allowing for the wage indexation of social security benefits fundamentally alters the optimal decisions. Moreover, the optimal allocation is close to observed empirical behavior. Households, therefore, do not appear to be making large "mistakes," as sometimes believed. In fact, traditional financial planning advice, as embedded in "target date" funds - whose enormous recent growth has been encouraged by new government policy - often leads to even relatively larger "mistakes" and welfare losses.

B. "Framing Effects and Expected Social Security Claiming Behavior," by Jeffrey R. Brown, Arie Kapteyn, and Olivia S. Mitchell (w17018, May 2011, .pdf format, 48p.).


Eligible participants in the U.S. Social Security system may claim benefits anytime from age 62-70, with benefit levels actuarially adjusted based on the claiming age. This paper shows that individual intentions with regard to Social Security claiming ages are sensitive to how the early versus late claiming decision is framed. Using an experimental design, we find that the use of a 'break-even analysis' has the very strong effect of encouraging individuals to claim early. We also show that individuals are more likely to report they will delay claiming when later claiming is framed as a gain, and when the information provides an anchoring point at older, rather than younger, ages. Moreover, females, individuals with credit card debt, and workers with lower expected benefits are more strongly influenced by framing. We conclude that some individuals may not make fully rational optimizing choices when it comes to choosing a claiming date.

C. "A Matter of Trust: Understanding Worldwide Public Pension Conversions," by Kent Smetters and Walter E. Theseira (w17015, May 2011, .pdf format, 54p.).


This paper seeks to explain the key two stylized facts of fundamental reforms to social security systems worldwide: Why have so many countries reformed when traditional systems seem, at first glance, to have a higher probability of delivering a secure retirement income? Why have these reforms been larger in developing countries facing less severe demographic problems? We show that an OLG voter model can answer both questions. Larger reforms are motivated by a fundamental breakdown in intergenerational trust while smaller reforms are caused by a lack of trust in the ability of the government to save. Empirical analysis seems to support the model.

D. "Socioeconomic Status in Childhood and Health After Age 70: A New Longitudinal Analysis for the U.S., 1895-2005," by Joseph P. Ferrie and Karen Rolf (w17016, May 2011, .pdf format, 50p.).


The link between circumstances faced by individuals early in life (including those encountered in utero) and later life outcomes has been of increasing interest since the work of Barker in the 1970s on birth weight and adult disease. We provide such a life course perspective for the U.S. by following 45,000 U.S.-born males from the household where they resided before age 5 until their death and analyzing the link between the characteristics of their childhood environment - particularly, its socioeconomic status - and their longevity and specific cause of death. Individuals living before age 5 in lower SES households (measured by father's occupation and family home ownership) die younger and are more likely to die from heart disease than those living in higher SES households. The pathways potentially generating these effects are discussed.


26. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Heterogeneous Income Profiles and Life-Cycle Bias in Intergenerational Mobility Estimation," by Martin Nybom, and Jan Stuhler (Discussion Paper No. 5697, May 2011, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


27. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilations are for April 30, 2011.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. Ageing International (Vol. 36, No. 2, June 2011).

29. Dementia (Vol. 10, No. 2, May 2011).

30. The Gerontologist (Vol. 51, No. 3, June 2011).

31. Public Health (Vol. 125, No. 4, April 2011).


32. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 9, 2011:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 9, 2011:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 9, 2011:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 9, 2011:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of May 9, 2011:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of May 9, 2011:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

33. MAX PLANCK INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH NETWORK FUNDING OPPORTUNITY: "Doctoral and Postdoctoral Fellowships," (application deadline, June 30, 2011, HTML and .pdf format). The Fellowships begin January 2012.


34. NATIONAL OPINION RESEARCH CENTER [UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO]: "Demography & Economics of Aging Postdoctoral Fellowship."


With support from the National Institute of Aging (P30 AG012857), the Center on the Demography and Economics of Aging at NORC at University of Chicago offers two post-doctoral fellowships. The goal of these post-doctoral fellowships is to train recent doctoral recipients interested in the demographic and economic analysis of aging through the development of basic methodological tools, applied research, policy-making and analysis, and professional development.


As of 2010, the NIA postdoctoral fellowships carried a stipend starting at $37,740 (adjusted according to years of experience) and health insurance for the recipient fellow. Please note that the fellowship does not provide for family or spousal health insurance. Fellows are eligible for modest travel support and work space; both are dependent on availability. Fellowships are renewable with acceptable progress. Additionally, all trainees and affiliates benefit from: formal affiliation with the Center on Demography and Economics of Aging, an active research environment in the study of demography and aging; participation in a community of graduate student and postdoctoral level scholars; training in the practice of research on aging; training in the responsible conduct of research; and additional mentorship with University of Chicago faculty.


Candidates must be interested in demography or the economics of aging and must have a PhD or equivalent graduate degree. Fellowships are restricted to U.S. citizens and permanent residents. Previous research in demography or the economics of aging is not necessary; however, a future commitment is.

Application Materials

All postdoctoral applicants must submit all application materials to Sara Leitsch at the address below by Friday, July 1, 2011. Applications may be submitted electronically in PDF format. However, applicants must note that recommendation letters must be signed by the recommender.

Sara A. Leitsch
Associate Director of Training
Center on the Demography and Economics of Aging
The University of Chicago
1155 E. 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637

Application materials for the Center on the Demography and Economics of Aging NIA post-doctoral training program include:

1. A letter of interest

2. A personal statement outlining the applicants research agenda

3. Applicants curriculum vitae

4. Two letters of recommendation

5. A sample of written work or a recent publication

Applications are generally 3-5 pages; however, successful applicants have submitted statements that range in length and scope. Please note that there is no page limit for the statement of research interests but we encourage all applicants to provide enough information for the Center to make thoughtful decision in respect to applicants interests, experience, and aspirations.

For more information, please contact Sara Leitsch at (773) 256-6319 or by email at


35. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through May 12, 2011.


VI. Conferences:

36. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM PALLIATIVE CARE CONFERENCES: "8th Global Conference: Making Sense of: Dying and Death," Prague, Czech Republic (Nov. 12-14, 2011). For more information see:

Conferencealerts.Com Palliative Care:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

37. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Perspectives on Deficit Reduction: Social Security," a hearing held May 10, 2011 (pdf format). A complete video hearing transcript is available at the site.


VIII. Websites of Interest:

38. AARP PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE STATE DATA CENTER: "The AARP Public Policy Institute analyzes and publishes a wide range of state-specific data related to Americans 50+. Click on the map below to get all PPI data on a specific state.Or, see the following reports for data on all states and state-national comparisons."


39. BOSTON COLLEGE FINANCIAL SECURITY PROJECT: "Financial Security Project at Boston College offers resources to help people make better financial decisions." For more information see:


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706