Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #56--October 26, 2000

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. CENSUS BUREAU: "State and Local Government Public Employee Retirement Systems," (October 25, 2000). Note: The Census Bureau has added data from the 1999 State and Local Government Public Employee Retirement System Survey to the system.

Click on "state and local government employee retirement systems" for data.


II. Reports and articles:

2. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO--NORC REPORT: "Changes in the Generation Gap, 1972-1998," by Tom W. Smith (_National Opinion Research Center_, Report No. 43, .pdf format, October 2000, 44p.). To view the press release go to:

To view the electronic full-text of the report go to:

Click on "Changes in the Generation Gap, 1972-1998."



A. "Unjustified exclusion of elderly people from studies submitted to research ethics committee for approval: descriptive study," by Antony Bayer and Win Tadd (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 321, No. 7267, HTML and .pdf format, October 21, 2000, 992-993).

B. "Effects of a programme of multifactorial home visits on falls and mobility impairments in elderly people at risk: randomised controlled trial," by Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Jos P M Diederiks, Erik van Rossum, Luc P de Witte, Peter M Voorhoeve, and Harry F J M Crebolder (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 321, No. 7267, HTML and .pdf format, October 21, 2000, 994-998).

C. "Rectal bleeding and colorectal cancer in general practice: diagnostic study," by Hans Wauters, Viviane Van Casteren, and Frank Buntinx (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 321, No. 7267, HTML and .pdf format, October 21, 2000, 998-999).

D. "Guidelines for the prevention of falls in people over 65," by Gene Feder, Colin Cryer, Sheila Donovan, and Yvonne Carter (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 321, No. 7267, HTML and .pdf format, October 21, 2000, 1007-1011).

E. "Managed care of chronically ill older people: the US experience," by Chad Boult, Robert L Kane, and Randall Brown (_British Medical Journal_, Vol. 321, No. 7267, HTML and .pdf format, October 21, 2000, 1011-1014).


4. _PNAS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The visual paired-comparison task as a measure of declarative memory," by Joseph R. Manns, Craig E. L. Stark, and Larry R. Squire (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences_, Vol. 97, Issue 22, HTML and .pdf format, October 24, 2000, 12375-12379). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available to your organization. Check your organization's library.


5. _PNAS PRE-PRINTS_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Aging mechanisms," by Yoshiko Takahashi, Makoto Kuro-o, and Fuyuki Ishikawa (_Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Pre-Prints_, .pdf and HTML format, October 17, 2000). Note: Full electronic text (HTML and .pdf format) may be available to your organization. Check your organization's library.


6. ASPE CONFERENCE PAPERS: FINAL DRAFTS: "Conference on Pharmaceutical Pricing Practices, Utilization, and Costs," (_Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation_, HTML format, Washington, DC, August 8-9, 2000, posted October 16, 2000). Note: A list of participants and an agenda are included.


7. NIA ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE RESEARCH UPDATE: "New Study Links Head Injury, Severity of Injury, with Alzheimer's Disease," (Oct. 23, 2000).


8. ILC USA POLICY UPDATE: "Public Policy Update: October, 2000," (_International Longevity Center USA_, .pdf format, October 2000, 16p.). Note: "Public Policy Update" is "a monthly update of longevity and aging issues from the government -- federal, state, local, and international -- and the private sector."


9. NATIONAL ACADEMY ON AN AGING SOCIETY INFORMATIONAL BRIEF: "Hypertension: A Common Condition for Older Americans," (_Chronic and Disabling Conditions_, .pdf format, October 2000, 6p).

To view this brochure, scroll down to number 12.


III. Working Papers:

10. FRB OF CHICAGO: "The Effects Of Health, Wealth, And Wages On Labor Supply And Retirement Behavior," by Eric French (_Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago_, WP-2000-2, .pdf format, October 2000, 47p.).


This paper analyzes the effects of wages and the Social Security System on labor supply over the life cycle. I present a model of labor supply and retirement behavior that includes a savings decision, uncertainty, and a non-negativity constraint on assets. Using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, I estimate life cycle profiles for labor force participation rates, hours worked, and assets. Using the Method of Simulated Moments, I match the estimated profiles to profiles simulated by a dynamic structural model. Estimated parameters produce simulated profiles that match many aspects of the estimated profiles, including the high job exit rates at ages 62 and 65. Simulations suggest that a 20% reduction in Social Security benefits would cause individuals to delay job exit from the labor market in order to develop sufficient financial assets, increasing labor force participation rates from 28% to 35% at age 62.

Note: To view electronic full-text of this paper click on "View online."



A. "Location of Adult Children as an Attraction for Black and White Elderly Migrants in the United States," by Kao-Lee Liaw, William H. Frey, and Ji-Ping Lin (_Research Institute for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population_, R.R. No. 349, .pdf or WordPerfect format, 2000, 46p.).

Abstract: This research evaluates the location of adult children as a determinant of interstate primary migration for elderly (aged 60+) blacks and whites, over the 1985-90 period. We find that the location of adult children, as well as environmental amenities, affect the migration of both elderly blacks and whites but exert different redistribution influences on each race. Our results support the migration implications of Eugene Litwak's theory of the "modified extended family", which is considered to be more viable than the isolated nuclear family in a modern society.

Note: To locate this paper, scroll down to "R. R. No. 349".

B. "The Effects of Drug Subsidies on Out-of Pocket Prescription Drug Expenditures by Seniors: Regional Evidence from Canada," by Thomas F. Crossley, Paul Grootendorst, Sule Korkmaz, and Michael R. Veall (_Research Institute for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population_, R.R. No. 350, .pdf or WordPerfect format, 2000, 33p.).

Abstract: Between 1970 and 1986 all Canadian provinces introduced some version of a prescription drug subsidy for those age 65 or over and since 1986, all the provinces have increased copayments or deductibles to some degree. Employing a first-order approximation to the welfare gains from a subsidy, we find evidence that these subsidies have been less redistributive than an absolute per household cash transfer but slightly more redistributive than a transfer that would increase each household's income by the same percentage. Such evidence may have relevance for predicting the redistributive effects of a potential national prescription drug plan for seniors in the United States.

Note: To locate this paper, scroll down to "R. R. No. 350".



A. "Have 401(k)s Raised Household Saving? Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study," by Gary V. Engelhardt (_Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Program_, .pdf format, October 2000, 64p.).


401(k)-type pension arrangements are the most popular tax subsidy to household saving in the U.S. This study uses self- and firm-reported pension information, Social Security, and household wealth data from 1992 Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to examine the extent to which 401(k) pension plans have raised household saving. Comparison of self- and firm-reported pension information indicates significant measurement error in self-reported 401(k) eligibility. This error has biased the estimated 401(k) saving effects in all previous studies upward significantly and differentially by income category. There is evidence of significant measurement error in pension assets as well.

Overall, the estimates that account for both types of measurement error suggest that 401(k)s have not raised household saving. All of the estimates are significantly lower than those implied by previous studies that have found large effects. The most plausible explanation for the large estimated offset to household saving is firm-level substitution of 401(k)s for other pensions. Even though very little of the average dollar of 401(k) wealth appears to be new household saving, 401(k)s may have stimulated saving significantly for lower-to-middle income households and, hence, increased retirement income security for an important segment of the population.

Note: Scroll down to number 33.

B. "Health and Residential Mobility in Later Life: A New Analytical Technique to Address an Old Problem," by Lynda M. Hayward (_Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Program_, WordPerfect and .pdf format, October 2000, 23p.).


For some time researchers have known that the relationship between health and the residential mobility of the elderly is not straight forward and changes with age. Attempts to examine this relationship in multi-variate models using cross-sectional data have resulted in contradictory or ambiguous findings. One solution has been to create separate models for different age groups. However, the onset of poor health differs considerably by individual, particularly for the "young-old". Multi-variate proportional hazards models using longitudinal data offer a new approach to address this problem.

As an example, data from the Ontario Longitudinal Study of Aging have been analyzed using proportional hazards models as compared with logistic regressions. The logistic regressions yield typically ambiguous results. The proportional hazards models indicate a reversal with time in the relationship between one of the two mid-life health measures and residential mobility, and the results for both measures are consistent with the theoretical literature.

Note: Scroll down to number 34.


13. UNIVERSITY OF BONN--INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR: "Do Mandatory Pensions Decrease Household Savings? Evidence for the Netherlands," by Rob Euwals (_Institute for the Study of Labor_, No. 113, .pdf format, 2000, 31p.).

Abstract: The Dutch mandatory pension system consists of two parts: a public pay-as-you-go part that provides a minimum income to all Dutch inhabitants over age 64; and an occupation-specific capital-funded part that provides supplementary retirement income. The goal of this paper is to test for the effect of mandatory pensions on discretionary household savings. The data are drawn from the CentER Savings Survey, which consists of a representative and a highest- income-decile sample of Dutch households. The survey contains rich information on household wealth, pension rights and savings attitudes. A result of the empirical analysis is that the impact of the public part of the Dutch pension system is not well identified. The occupational pensions have a significant negative impact on savings motives with respect to old age. Concerning the effect on household wealth, evidence is mixed. Only in the highest-income- decile sample there is evidence for a significantly negative impact of occupational pensions.

Scroll down to report 113. To view the electronic full-text, click on "PDF" symbol.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

14. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 152, No. 8, October 15, 2000).

Social Work (Vol. 45, No. 5, October 01, 2000).


V. Funding Opportunities:

15. NIA FUNDING ANNOUNCEMENT: "Studies of Sensory-Motor Functions Responsive to Gravity in Genetically Altered Model Systems," (_National Institute on Aging, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration_, DC-01-001, October 16, 2000).


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

16. SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING PUBLICATIONS: Note: These publications are available in print only, but can be ordered, free of charge from the website listed below.

106-24 Elder Fraud and Abuse: New Challenges in the Digital Economy

106-25 Income Taxes: The Solution to the Social Security and Medicare Crisis?


17. HOUSE COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET: "A Legacy to Our Children: Understanding Intergenerational Economic Issues," (Hearing Publication 106-12, July 2000, ASCII text and .pdf format, 107p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "106-12".


18. HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE: "Strengthening Medicare for Future Generations," (Hearing Publication 106-48, September 1999, ASCII text and .pdf format, 95p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "106-48".


19. DHHS-ADMINISTRATION ON AGING LEGISLATIVE UPDATE: "Older Americans Act Reauthorization, 106th Congress," (October 25, 2000). Passage by the House of Representatives.


VII. Websites of Interest:

20. _MEDSCAPE WOMEN'S HEALTH_: "Summaries from the 22nd Annual Meeting of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research," (_Medscape Women's Health_, October 2000). Note 1: Continuing medical education (CME) activities are available. Click on "here" for eligibility requirements. Note 2: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.




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