Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #558 -- October 14, 2010

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. US CENSUS BUREAU: "Finances of Selected State and Local Government Employee Retirement Systems - 2010 Second Quarter Data," (October 2010, .pdf, ASCII text, and Excel format).

Summary sheet:


2. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH/NATIONAL ARCHIVE OF COMPUTERIZED DATA ON AGING: On Oct. 10, 2010, ICPSR/NACDA added the following study which may be of interest to researchers in aging:

- National Survey of the Japanese Elderly, 1996 (# 26621).

Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:


II. Reports and articles:

3. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Economic Recovery Payments for Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Beneficiaries," (A-09-10-11017, September 2010, .pdf format, 21p.).


4. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "International Update, October 2010" (HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).


5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "National Long-Term Care Insurance Claims Decision Study: An Empirical Analysis of the Appropriateness of Claims Adjudication Decisions and Payments," (April 2010, .pdf and HTML format, 13p.).


6. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "United States Life Tables by Hispanic Origin," by Elizabeth Arias (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2, No. 152, October 2010, .pdf format, 33p.).


7. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE CORRESPONDENCE: "Medicare Advantage: CMS Actions Regarding Plans' Health Reform Communications," (GAO-10-953R September 2010, .pdf format, 15p.).



A. "Quality Improvement Organizations' Final Responses to Beneficiary Complaints," (OEI-01-09-00620, October 2010, .pdf format, 8p.).


We found that of the 120 Quality Improvement Organizations (QIO) final responses to Medicare beneficiaries we reviewed in detail 116 met statutory requirements.

QIOs have a statutory responsibility to review written complaints from Medicare beneficiaries about the quality of care the beneficiaries received. At the conclusion of a complaint review, the QIO sends to the beneficiary a final response summarizing the findings of the review. If the care under review involved a specific practitioner, that practitioner can decline to give consent for the QIO to identify him or her in its response to the beneficiary. When this is the case, the QIO's final response contains less information than if the practitioner consents to disclosure. In 2003, the U.S. Court of Appeals decided that QIO responses must inform beneficiaries whether their care met professional standards, regardless of whether the practitioners consented to disclosure. CMS requires additional elements in QIO responses when the practitioner consents to disclosure.

We found that QIOs completed 4,500 complaint reviews between August 1, 2008, and December 31, 2009. From those reviews, QIOs made 2,768 requests to practitioners for consent to disclosure, and 52 percent (1,449) of those practitioners consented.

We also reviewed in detail 120 final responses that QIOs sent to beneficiaries to determine whether the responses met program requirements. Of these 120 responses, all but 2 stated whether care met professional standards. All of the 60 responses with practitioner consent contained a summary of the medical record, and 58 of them described the corrective action that the QIO took in response to a confirmed quality-of-care concern.

Our review showed that most QIO responses to complainants are meeting both the 2003 court decision and CMS criteria regarding professional standards, as well as CMS's additional criteria. However, QIOs do not obtain consent for disclosure from almost half of the practitioners involved (Medicare regulations allow practitioners to decline consent). Requiring practitioner consent remains a barrier to providing beneficiaries with more complete information about their complaints. Our review also showed that 6 of the 60 responses exceeded CMS's criteria. The fact that at least one QIO is already providing such a response to beneficiaries without adverse consequences suggests that disclosure might not impose an undue burden on practitioners and that other QIOs could make the complaint process more transparent to all beneficiaries.

B. "Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Use of Medicare Fee-for-Service Error Rate Data To Identify and Focus on Error-Prone Providers," (A-05-08-00080, October 2010, .pdf format, 20p.).


The Improper Payments Information Act of 2002 requires the head of a Federal agency with a program that may be susceptible to significant improper payments to report to Congress the agency's estimate of the improper payments. During our audit period, fiscal years (FY) 2005 through 2008, CMS used two programs to estimate improper Medicare fee-for-service (FFS) payments: the Hospital Payment Monitoring Program (HPMP) and the Comprehensive Error Rate Testing (CERT) program.

We found that CMS and its contractors did not use historical HPMP and CERT error rate data to identify and focus on error-prone providers. We defined "error-prone providers" as providers that had at least one error in each of the 4 years of our audit period. Although payment contractors developed corrective actions based on the HPMP and CERT error rate data, they typically did not focus on error-prone providers for review and corrective action.

Using the reported error rate data for FYs 2005 through 2008, we identified 740 error-prone providers. Specifically, an analysis of the HPMP error rate data disclosed that 554 providers (21 percent of all HPMP providers with at least 1 claim sampled in each of the 4 years) accounted for 59 percent of the dollars in error for those providers. A similar analysis of the CERT error rate data for the same period disclosed that 186 providers (1.81 percent of all CERT providers with at least 1 claim sampled in each of the 4 years) accounted for 25 percent of the dollars in error for those providers. Focusing on error-prone providers for corrective action and repayment of improper payments could improve the effectiveness of CMS's efforts to reduce improper payments.

We recommended that CMS (1) use available error rate data to identify error-prone providers, (2) require error-prone providers to identify the root causes of claim errors and to develop and implement corrective action plans, (3) monitor provider-specific corrective action plans, and (4) share error rate data with its contractors to assist in identifying improper payments. CMS concurred with our recommendations.


9. US DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRESS RELEASE: "73 Members and Associates of Organized Crime Enterprise, Others Indicted for Health Care Fraud Crimes Involving More Than $163 Million," (October 13, 2010).


10. AUSTRALIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION REPORT: "Age discrimination - exposing the hidden barrier for mature age workers," (October 2010, .pdf and Word format, 23p.).



A. "The Pension Tracing Service: A quantitative research study to establish who is using the service, and their outcomes," by Janie Percy-Smith, Jan Shury, and Christoph Koerbitz (Research Report No. 697, October 2010, .pdf format, 108p.).

B. "How best to present State Pension information and support retirement planning," by Josh Hunt and Jo Phillips (Research Report No. 690, October 2010, .pdf format, 135p.).

C. "Evaluation of The Pensions Advisory Service (TPAS) workplace visits," by Jonathan Hyde, Ian Dunbar and Helen Wilkinson (Research Report No. 696, October 2010, .pdf format, 97p.).



A. "Osteoporosis in the UK ... at Breaking Point," (October 2010, .pdf format, 15p.).

B. "Intergenerational Fairness and the Spending Review 2010," by Craig Berry and David Sinclair (October 2010, .pdf format, 37p.).


13. C.D. HOWE INSTITUTE [TORONTO, CANADA] REPORT: "Seeking Certainty in Uncertain Times: A Review of Recent Government-Sponsored Studies on the Regulation of Canadian Pension Plans," by Bob Baldwin and Brian FitzGerald (No. 310, September 2010, .pdf format, 18p.).


14. KELLOGG SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT [NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY] REPORT: "The Crisis in Local Government Pensions in the United States," by Joshua Rauh and Robert Novy-Marx (October 2010, .pdf format, 32p.).


15. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE BRIEF: "The Impact of Public Pensions on State and Local Budgets," by Alicia H. Munnell, Jean-Pierre Aubry, and Laura Quinby (SLP No. 13, October 2010, .pdf format, 12p.).


16. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "Employment-Based Retirement Plan Participation: Geographic Differences and Trends, 2009," by Craig Copeland (EBRI Issue Brief No. 348, October 2010, .pdf format, 44p.).



A. "Medicare Spending and Use of Medical Services for Beneficiaries in Nursing Homes and Other Long-Term Care Facilities: A Potential for Achieving Medicare Savings and Improving the Quality of Care," by Gretchen Jacobson, Tricia Neuman, and Anthony Damico (October 2010, .pdf format, 10p.).

B. "To Hospitalize or Not to Hospitalize? Medical Care for Long-Term Care Facility Residents," by Michael Perry, Julia Cummings, Gretchen Jacobson, Tricia Neuman, and Juliette Cubanski (October 2010, .pdf format, 13p.).

C. "Financial Incentives in the Long-Term Care Context: A First Look at Relevant Information," by Henry Desmarais (October 2010, .pdf format, 15p.).

D. "Briefing Examines High Medicare Spending for Beneficiaries in Long-Term Care," (October 2010, .pdf, MP3, Windows Media Player format).


18. FAMILIES AND WORK INSTITUTE/SLOAN CENTER ON WORKING AND AGING AT BOSTON COLLEGE REPORT: "Working In Retirement: A 21st Century Phenomenon," by Melissa Brown, Kerstin Aumann, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Ellen Galinsky and James T. Bond (October 2010, .pdf format, 19p.).

More about the Institute:


19. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR JUSTICE REPORT: "Standing Up For Seniors: How the Civil Justice System Protects Elderly Americans," (October 2010, .pdf format, 21p.).

More about AAJ:


20. METLIFE MARKET INSTITUTE REPORT: "The MetLife National Study of Adult Day Services: Providing Support to Individuals and Their Family Caregivers," (October 2010, .pdf format, 40p.).


21. EMPIRE CENTER FOR NEW YORK STATE POLICY REPORT: "Iceberg Ahead: The Hidden Cost of Public-Sector Retiree Health Benefits in New York," by E. J. McMahon (October 2010, .pdf format, 26p.).

More about the Center:


22. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE PERIODICAL: Caregiving Policy Digest (Vol. 10, No. 18, Oct. 6, 2010).



A. "Electrochemical and homogeneous electron transfers to the Alzheimer amyloid-{beta} copper complex follow a preorganization mechanism," by Veronique Balland, Christelle Hureau, and Jean-Michel Saveant (Vol. 107, No. 40, October 5, 2010, p. 17113-17118).

B. "Soluble amyloid precursor protein (APP) regulates transthyretin and Klotho gene expression without rescuing the essential function of APP," by Hongmei Li, Baiping Wang, Zilai Wang, Qinxi Guo, Katsuhiko Tabuchi, Robert E. Hammer, Thomas C. Sudhof, and Hui Zheng (Vol. 107, No. 40, October 5, 2010, p. 17362-17367).

C. "Spatial correlation between brain aerobic glycolysis and amyloid-{beta} (A-beta) deposition," by Andrei G. Vlassenko, S. Neil Vaishnavi, Lars Couture, Dana Sacco, Benjamin J. Shannon, Robert H. Mach, John C. Morris, Marcus E. Raichle, and Mark A. Mintun (Vol. 107, No. 41, October 12, 2010, p. 17763-17767). Note: _PNAS_ is providing open access to the full-text of this article.


24. MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT ARTICLE: "Prevalence of Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis and Arthritis-Attributable Activity Limitation --- United States, 2007--2009," (Vol. 59, No. 39, October 8, 2010, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1261-1265).





A. "Promoting Functional Health in Midlife and Old Age: Long-Term Protective Effects of Control Beliefs, Social Support, and Physical Exercise," by Margie E. Lachman and Stefan Agrigoroaei (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13297. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013297, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "Deciphering the Structure, Growth and Assembly of Amyloid-Like Fibrils Using High-Speed Atomic Force Microscopy," by Pierre-Emmanuel Milhiet, Daisuke Yamamoto, Olivia Berthoumieu, Patrice Dosset, Christian Le Grimellec, Jean-Michel Verdier, Stephane Marchal, and Toshio Ando (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13240. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013240, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 8p.).

C. "Signal Transduction Protein Array Analysis Links LRRK2 to Ste20 Kinases and PKC Zeta That Modulate Neuronal Plasticity," by Susanne Zach, Sandra Felk, and Frank Gillardon (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13191. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013191, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 7p.).

D. "Quantifiable Biomarkers of Normal Aging in the Japanese Medaka Fish (Oryzias latipes)," by Lingling Ding, Wendy W. Kuhne, David E. Hinton, Jian Song, and William S. Dynan (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13287. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013287, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 11p.).

E. "Yokukansan Inhibits Neuronal Death during ER Stress by Regulating the Unfolded Protein Response," by Toru Hiratsuka, Shinsuke Matsuzaki, Shingo Miyata, Mitsuhiro Kinoshita, Kazuaki Kakehi, Shinji Nishida, Taiichi Katayama, and Masaya Tohyama (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13280. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013280, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 8p.).

F. "Immunomodulation Targeting Abnormal Protein Conformation Reduces Pathology in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease," by Fernando Goni, Frances Prelli, Yong Ji, Henrieta Scholtzova, Jing Yang, Yanjie Sun, Feng-Xia Liang, Regina Kascsak, Richard Kascsak, Pankaj Mehta, and Thomas Wisniewski (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13391. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013391, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 13p.).

G. "Modulators of Cytoskeletal Reorganization in CA1 Hippocampal Neurons Show Increased Expression in Patients at Mid-Stage Alzheimer's Disease," by Patricia F. Kao, David A. Davis, Meredith G. Banigan, Charles R. Vanderburg, Sudha Seshadri, and Ivana Delalle (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13337. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013337, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 9p.).



A. "Cancer Screening Among Patients With Advanced Cancer," by Camelia S. Sima, Katherine S. Panageas, and Deborah Schrag (Vol. 304, No. 14, October 13, 2010, p. 1584-1591).

B. "Managing Medications in Clinically Complex Elders: 'There's Got to Be a Happy Medium'," by Michael A. Steinman and Joseph T. Hanlon (Vol. 304, No. 14, October 13, 2010, p. 1592-1601).

C. "Medication Use in Older Patients: Better Policy Could Encourage Better Practice," by Jerry Avorn (Vol. 304, No. 14, October 13, 2010, p. 1606-1607).


27. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Tanezumab for the Treatment of Pain from Osteoarthritis of the Knee," by Nancy E. Lane, Thomas J. Schnitzer, Charles A. Birbara, Masoud Mokhtarani, David L. Shelton, Mike D. Smith, and Mark T. Brown (Vol. 363, No. 16, October 14, 2010, p. 1521-1531).


III. Working Papers:


A. "The Growth in Social Security Benefits Among the Retirement Age Population from Increases in the Cap on Covered Earnings," by Alan L. Gustman, Thomas L. Steinmeier and Nahid Tabatabai (WP 2010-227, September 2010, .pdf format, 32p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "Financial Capability in the United States: Consumer Decision-Making and the Role of Social Security," by Annamaria Lusardi (WP 2010-226, September 2010, .pdf format, 29p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

C. "Mortgage Contract Decisions and Mortgage Distress: Family and Financial Life-Cycle Factors," by Frank Stafford and Elena Gouskova (WP 2010-225, September 2010, .pdf format, 26p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


29. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE: "Price Deflators, the Trust Fund Forecast, and Social Security Solvency," by Barry Bosworth (WP No. 2010-12, October 2010, .pdf format, 20p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:



A. "Public Pension Funding in Practice," by Alicia H. Munnell, Jean-Pierre Aubry, and Laura Quinby (w16442, October 2010, .pdf format, 35p.).


Public pension funding has recently become a front-burner policy issue in the wake of the financial crisis and given the pending retirement of large numbers of baby boomers. This paper examines the current funding of state and local pensions using a sample of 126 plans, estimating an aggregate funded ratio in 2009 of 78 percent. Projections for 2010-2013 suggest that some continued deterioration is likely. Funded status can vary significantly among plans, so the paper explores the influence of four types of factors: funding discipline, plan governance, plan characteristics, and the fiscal situation of the state. Judging the adequacy of funding requires more than just a snapshot of assets and liabilities, so the paper examines how well plans are meeting their Annual Required Contribution and what factors influence whether they make them. The paper also addresses the controversy over what discount rate to use for valuing liabilities, concluding that using a riskless rate of return could help improve funding discipline but would need to be implemented in a manageable way. Finally, the paper assesses whether plans face a near-term liquidity crisis and finds that most have assets on hand to cover benefits over the next 15-20 years. The bottom line is that, like private investors, public plans have been hit hard by the financial crisis and their full recovery is dependent on the rebound of the economy and the stock market.

B. "The Funding Status of Retiree Health Plans in the Public Sector," by Robert Clark and Melinda S. Morrill (w16450, October 2010, .pdf format, 36p.).


While no longer common in the private sector, most public sector employers offer retiree health insurance (RHI) as a retirement benefit to their employees. While these plans are thought to be an important tool for employers to attract, retain, motivate, and ultimately retire workers, they represent a large and growing cost. This paper reviews what is currently known about RHI in the public sector, while highlighting many important unanswered research questions. The analysis is informed by detailed data from states on their liabilities associated with RHI, which were produced in accordance with the 2004 Government Accounting Standards Board Rule 45 (GASB 45). We consider the extent of the unfunded liabilities states face and explore what factors may explain the variation in liabilities across states. The importance and sustainability of RHI plans in the public sector ultimately depends on how workers view and value this post-retirement benefit, yet little is known about how RHI directly impacts the public sector labor market. We conclude with a discussion of the future of RHI plans in the public sector.

C. "The Medical Care Costs of Obesity: An Instrumental Variables Approach," by John Cawley and Chad Meyerhoefer (w16467, October 2010, .pdf format, 41p.).


This paper is the first to use the method of instrumental variables (IV) to estimate the impact of obesity on medical costs in order to address the endogeneity of weight and to reduce the bias from reporting error in weight. Models are estimated using data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey for 2000-2005. The IV model, which exploits genetic variation in weight as a natural experiment, yields estimates of the impact of obesity on medical costs that are considerably higher than the correlations reported in the previous literature. For example, obesity is associated with $676 higher annual medical care costs, but the IV results indicate that obesity raises annual medical costs by $2,826 (in 2005 dollars). The estimated annual cost of treating obesity in the U.S. adult non-institutionalized population is $168.4 billion or 16.5% of national spending on medical care. These results imply that the previous literature has underestimated the medical costs of obesity, resulting in underestimates of the cost effectiveness of anti-obesity interventions and the economic rationale for government intervention to reduce obesity-related externalities.



A. "Trends in Pension Eligibility Ages and Life Expectancy, 1950-2050," by Rafal Chomik and Edward Whitehouse (OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No. 105, September 2010, .pdf format, 27p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:,3425,en_2649_33729_46142849_119684_1_1_1,00.html

B. "Decomposing National Defined-Contribution Pensions: Experience of the OECD Countries' Reforms," by Edward Whitehouse(OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper No. 109, September 2010, .pdf format, 26p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:,3425,en_2649_33729_46143649_119684_1_1_1,00.html


32. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS: "The take-up of Carer's Allowance: A feasibility study," by Richard Berthoud (Working Paper No. 84, October 2010, .pdf format, 38p.). There is no abstract for this paper.


33. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "The Standard Deviation of Life-Length, Retirement Incentives, and Optimal Pension Design," by Thomas Aronsson and Soren Blomquist (CESifo Working Paper No. 3201, October 2010, .pdf format, 24p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


34. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Is Social Security Secure with NDC?" by Tito Boeri and Vincenzo Galasso (Discussion Paper No. 5235, October 2010, .pdf format, 27p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


35. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilations are for Oct. 2, 2010.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

36. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias (Vol. 25, No. 7, September 2010)

37. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 172, No. 8, October 15, 2010).

38. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 100, No. 11, November 2010).

39. Clinical Gerontologist (Vol. 33, No. 4, 2010).


40. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of October 11, 2010:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of October 11, 2010:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of October 11, 2010:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of October 11, 2010:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of October 11, 2010:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of October 11, 2010:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

41. NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS: The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health, (2010, ISBN-10: 0-309-15819-2, ISBN-13: 978-0-309-15819-0, OpenBook format, 620p.).


VI. Funding/Employment Opportunities:


A. "2011 Steven H. Sandell Grant Program," (October 2010). Note: The deadline for applications is January 28, 2011. "The program is funded by the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) to provide opportunities for scholars from all academic disciplines and senior scholars working in a new area to pursue cutting-edge projects on retirement income and disability insurance issues." For more information:

B. "2011 Dissertation Fellowship Program," (October 2010). Note: The deadline for applications is January 28, 2011.


43. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Oct. 13, 2010.


VII. Conferences:


A. The following conferences have recently been added to's gerontology conferences:

- January 9, 2011: International Conference on Recent trends in therapeutic advancement of free radical science and 10th Annual meeting of the SFRR-India (Chennai India).

- April 2, 2011: Women's Health: Science, Technology and Society (Brooklyn, New York).

Conferencealerts.Com Gerontology:

B. The following conferences have recently been added to's palliative care conferences:

- Feb. 24, 2011: "Remember Me: Dying of Dementia in a Multiethnic Society, to be held in Harrow, United Kingdom.

- Jun. 1-2, 2011: "10th Annual Kaleidoscope International Palliative Care Conference," to be held in Dublin, Ireland.

- Nov. 17-19, 2011: "1st NUS-NUH International Nursing Conference," to be held in Singapore.

Conferencealerts.Com Palliative Care:


VIII. Websites of Interest:

45. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU WEBCAST: "100 Years and Beyond: Increasing Human Life Expectancy, A Conversation With James Vaupel," (October 2010, running time 9 minutes 9 seconds).





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