Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #557 -- October 7, 2010

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS: "The Early Release (ER) Program of the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) has developed a new product--preliminary quarterly microdata files containing selected NHIS variables, for use in NCHS' Research Data Center (RDC).During the first year, these files will be made accessible in or about September 2010 (with data from the first quarter of 2010) and in or about March 2011 (with data from the first three quarters of 2010).

NHIS data users may analyze these files in the RDC, without having to wait for the final annual NHIS microdata files to be released (in or about June following the end of the data collection year). Analysts wishing to use the files should follow standard procedures for using the RDC. The link to the RDC is:


2. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS: "The Panel Study of Income Dynamics, of the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan, has now collected over four decades of data on the health and social and economic well-being of nearly 9,000 families as of 2009. Through a grant from the National Institute on Aging, PSID has linked approximately 2,000 PSID respondents to nearly two decades of Medicare claims data.Applications to analyze Medicare claims linked to the PSID are now being accepted.

Available Files: 1991-2008 Denominator, Inpatient, Outpatient, Home Health Agency, Hospice, Skilled Nursing Facility, Carrier, and Durable Medical Equipment, MedPar files, and Annual and Quarterly Summary Files.

How to Apply for the Data:Researchers with full-time, faculty level appointments at a research institution who wish to obtain the PSID-Medicare files should send an email to the PSID Help Desk at

for application materials.The application process involves entering into separate contractual agreements with the University of Michigan and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). Data use requirements include a standalone (non-networked) computer protocol or use of an approved secure data enclave and IRB approval from the researcher's institution."


3. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY: The US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has released several new MEPS data file (September 2010, data in .zip or self decompressing [.exe] ASCII text and SAS Transport format, with documentation in HTML and .pdf format, and SAS and SPSS programming statements in ASCII format).

A. "MEPS HC-118F: 2008 Outpatient Visits File"

B. "MEPS HC-118E: 2008 Emergency Room Visits File"

C. "MEPS HC-118D: 2008 Hospital Inpatient Stays File"


II. Reports and articles:


A. "NCA for Counseling to Prevent Tobacco Use (CAG-00420N)" (Final Decision Memorandum, Aug. 25, 2010, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "End Stage Renal Disease": tables 11.1, 11.2" (2010, .zip compressed .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

C. "Medicare Enrollment": tables 2.1-2.8 (2010, .zip compressed .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).

D. "Rhode Island to Get New Resources to Help Improve Patient Safety And Combat Abuse in Long Term Care Facilities" (Oct. 6, 2010).

E. "Missouri to Get New Resources to Help Improve Patient Safety And Combat Abuse in Long Term Care Facilities" (Oct. 6, 2010).

F. "Florida to Get New Resources to Help Improve Patient Safety And Combat Abuse in Long Term Care Facilities" (Oct. 6, 2010).

G. "Delaware to Get New Resources to Help Improve Patient Safety And Combat Abuse in Long Term Care Facilities" (Oct. 6, 2010).

H. "Connecticut to Get New Resources to Help Improve Patient Safety And Combat Abuse in Long Term Care Facilities" (Oct. 6, 2010).

I. "Alaska to Get New Resources to Help Improve Patient Safety And Combat Abuse in Long Term Care Facilities" (Oct. 6, 2010).

J. Federal Government Expands Grassroots Fraud Prevention Effort" (Oct. 1, 2010).


5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "Nearly 1,000 additional employers and unions will receive help providing health coverage to early retirees and their families" (Oct. 4, 2010).


6. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL NEWS RELEASE: "OIG Advisory Bulletin on Drug Manufacturer AMP/ASP Reporting Enforcement Initiative," by Debra A. McCurdy (Sep. 30, 2010).


7. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Social Security Administration: Management Oversight Needed to Ensure Accurate Treatment of State and Local Government Employees" (GAO-10-938, September 2010, HTML and .pdf format, 53p.).


8. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "Gene variations that alter key enzyme linked to prostate cancer" (Oct. 1, 2010).


9. AUSTRALIAN HOUSING AND URBAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE ARTICLE: "Home ownership reduces the cost of home-based care among old adults" (_AHURI Research and Policy Bulletin_, No. 132, October 2010, .pdf format, 4p.).


10. UK NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE PENSION TRENDS UPDATE: The following chapters have recently been updated (.pdf format): "Ch 11: Pensioner income and expenditure"; "Ch 12: Household pension resources"; "Ch 13: Inequalities and poverty in retirement";



A. "Weathering the Storm: The Impact of the Great Recession on Long-Term Services and Supports," by Susan Reinhard, Martha Roherty, and Kathy Gifford (September 2010, .pdf format, 37p.).

B. "Care Management Practices in Integrated Care Models for Dual Eligibles," by Brian Burwell, Paul Saucier, and Lina Walker (September 2010, .pdf format, 27p.).

C. "The following Prime Time Radio shows (RealPlayer and MP3 format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

"Treat Me, Not My Age: A doctors guide to getting the best health care as you and your loved ones age" (Oct. 5, 2010).

"Getting Older Not Old: Soap star shows boomers how to age with style and flair" (Oct. 5, 2010).



A. "Working In Retirement: A 21st Century Phenomenon," by Melissa Brown, Kerstin Aumann, Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Ellen Galinsky and James T. Bond (July 2010, .pdf format, 19p.).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

B. "Racial & Ethnic Diversity in the US Older Adult Labor Force" (Fact Sheet 27, September 2010, .pdf format, 2p.).

C. "Denmark: Public Policy," by Julie Norstrand (Public Policy Brief No. 14, October 2010, .pdf format, 15p.).


13. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "The Impact of Auto-enrollment and Automatic Contribution Escalation on Retirement Income Adequacy," by Jack VanDerhei and Lori Lucas (Issue Brief 349, November 2010, .pdf format, 11p.).




15. EUROPEAN OBSERVATORY ON HEALTH SYSTEMS AND POLICIES [LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS] PERIODICAL: _Eurohealth_ (Vol. 16, No. 2,2010, .pdf format, 44p.). The theme of this issue is "Measuring the quality in long-term care: an international progress report."


16. INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH ON PUBLIC POLICY [MONTREAL, QUEBEC, CANADA] REPORT: "Improving Canada's Retirement Saving: Lessons from Abroad, Ideas from Home," by Patrik Marier (IRPP Study No. 9, September 2010, .pdf format, 36p.). The study is linked to from an IRPP news release: "Innovative pension reforms provide lessons for Canada" (Sep. 28, 2010).

Click on "Study" for link to full text.

More information about IRPP:


17. JOSEPH ROUNTREE FOUNDATION REPORT [York, North Yorkshire, UK]: "Older people with high support needs," by Imogen Blood and Sally-Marie Bamford (October 2010, .pdf format, 42p., with summary reports, .zip compressed .pdf format).

More information about JRF:



A. "Medicaid and Long-Term Care Services and Supports" (updated October 2010, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "The Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit - An Updated Fact Sheet" (updated October 2010, .pdf format, 2p.).

C. "Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plan (PDP) Availability in 2011" (updated October 2010, .pdf format, 2p.).

D. "Medicare Part D Spotlight: Part D Plan Availability in 2011 and Key Changes Since 2006," by Jack Hoadley, Juliette Cubanski, Elizabeth Hargrave, Laura Summer, and Tricia Neuman (October 2010, .pdf format, 14p.).


19. METLIFE MATURE MARKET INSTITUTE ARTICLE: "QuickFACTS" (October 2010, .pdf format, 4p.).


20. MILBANK QUARTERLY ARTICLE: "Similar and Yet So Different: Cash-for-Care in Six European Countries Long-Term Care Policies," by Barbara Da Roit and Blanche Le Bihan (Vol. 88, No. 3, 2010, HTML and .pdf format, p. 286-309).


21. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU ARTICLE: "More Caregivers Needed Worldwide for the 'Oldest-Old'," by Tyjen Tsai (October 2010).


22. URBAN INSTITUTE WEBCAST: "Early Withdrawals from Retirement Accounts," by Barbara Butrica (September 2010, video webcast, running time: 6 minutes, 54 seconds).


23. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Tau Reduction Prevents A(myloid)beta-Induced Defects in Axonal Transport," by Keith A. Vossel, Kai Zhang, Jens Brodbeck, Aaron C. Daub, Punita Sharma, Steven Finkbeiner, Bianxiao Cui, and Lennart Mucke (Vol. 330, No. 6001, Oct. 8, 2010, p. 198).



A. "Modelling the Role of UCH-L1 on Protein Aggregation in Age-Related Neurodegeneration," by Carole J. Proctor, Paul J. Tangeman, and Helen C. Ardley (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13175. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.001317, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 2010, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 12p.).

B. "Viewing Ageing Eyes: Diverse Sites of Amyloid Beta Accumulation in the Ageing Mouse Retina and the Up-Regulation of Macrophages," by Jaimie Hoh Kam, Eva Lenassi, and Glen Jeffery (PLoS ONE 5(10): e13127. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013127, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 2010, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 12p.).


25. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION BOOK REVIEW EXTRACT: The Maintenance of Life: Preventing Social Death Through Euthanasia Talk and End-of-Life Care--Lessons From The Netherlands, by Frances Norwood, reviewed by Pat Fosarelli (Vol. 304, No. 13, Oct. 6, 2010, p. 1500).



A. "Who will care for us when we are old?" by Tessa Richards (Observations extract, BMJ 2010;341:c5341, Volume 341, Issue 7775, Oct. 2, 2010).

B. "At sixes and sevens: prostate cancer," by David Profumo and Michael Dinneen (Practice, BMJ 2010;341:c3834, Volume 341, Issue 7775, Oct. 2, 2010). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Do geriatricians need guidelines?" by Virginia Aylett (Views and Reviews extract, BMJ 2010;341:c5340, Volume 341, Issue 7775, Oct. 2, 2010).


27. LANCET ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content: "Prednisone plus cabazitaxel or mitoxantrone for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer progressing after docetaxel treatment: a randomised open-label trial," by Johann Sebastian de Bono, Stephane Oudard, Mustafa Ozguroglu, Steinbjorn Hansen, Jean-Pascal Machiels, Ivo Kocak, Gwenaelle Gravis, Istvan Bodrogi, Mary J. Mackenzie, Liji Shen, Martin Roessner, Sunil Gupta, and A. Oliver Sartor (Vol. 376, No. 9747, Oct. 2, 2010, p. 1147-1154).


III. Working Papers:

28. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER: "The Age Prevalence of Smoking among Chinese Women: A Case of Arrested Diffusion?" by Albert Hermalin and Deborah Lowry (PSC Research Report 10-718, October 2010, .pdf format, 32p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


29. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH: "The Impact of a DROP Program on the Age of Retirement and Employer Pension Costs," by Samson Alva, Norma B. Coe, and Anthony Webb (WP 2010-11," September 2010, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "The Impact of State Tax Subsidies for Private Long-Term Care Insurance on Coverage and Medicaid Expenditures," by Gopi Shah Goda (w16406, September 2010, .pdf format, 43p.).


In spite of the large expected costs of needing long-term care, only 10-12 percent of the elderly population has private insurance coverage. Medicaid, which provides means-tested public assistance and pays for almost half of long-term care costs, spends more than $100 billion annually on long-term care. In this paper, I exploit variation in the adoption and generosity of state tax subsidies for private long-term care insurance to determine whether tax subsidies increase private coverage and reduce Medicaid's costs for long-term care. The results indicate that the average tax subsidy raises coverage rates by 2.7 percentage points, or 28 percent. However, the response is concentrated among high income and asset-rich individuals, populations with low probabilities of relying on Medicaid. Simulations suggest each dollar of state tax expenditure produces approximately $0.84 in Medicaid savings, over half of which funnels to the federal government.

B. "Effects of the Financial Crisis and Great Recession on American Households," by Michael D. Hurd and Susann Rohwedder (w16407, September 2010, .pdf format, 44p.).


In this paper we present evidence from high-frequency data collections dedicated to tracking the effects of the financial crisis and great recession on American households. These data come from surveys that we conducted in the American Life Panel an Internet survey run by RAND Labor and Population. The first survey was fielded at the beginning of November 2008, immediately following the large declines in the stock market of September and October 2008. The next survey followed three months later in February 2009. Since May 2009 we have collected monthly data on the same households. This paper shows the levels and trends of many of these data which summarize the experience and expectations of households during the recession.

We find that the effects of the recession are widespread: between November 2008 and April 2010 about 39 percent of households had either been unemployed, had negative equity in their house or had been in arrears in their house payments. Reductions in spending were common especially following unemployment. On average expectations about stock market prices and housing prices are pessimistic, particularly long-run expectations. Among workers, expectations about becoming unemployed have recovered somewhat from their low point in May 2009 but still remain high. Overall the data suggest that households are not optimistic about their economic futures.

C. "Should Public Retirement Plans be Fully Funded?" by Henning Bohn (w16409, September 2010, .pdf format, 39p.).


Most state and local retirement plans strive for full funding, at least by actuarial standards. Funding measured at market values fluctuates and often falls short. A common argument for full funding is that pensions are a form of deferred compensation that does not justify a debt. The paper examines public finance, political economy, and financial market issues that bear on optimal funding, broadly and in a series of models.

In a model where most taxpayers hold debt and face intermediation costs, returns on pension assets are less than taxpayers cost of borrowing. Pension funding is costly and hence zero funding is optimal. The model also implies that unfunded pension promises are properly discounted at a rate strictly greater than the governments borrowing rate. If pension funds serve as collateral, funding can be warranted despite the cost. This is shown in a model with legal ambiguity and default risk. Except in special cases, the optimal funding ratio is less than full funding.


31. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "When the State Mirrors the Family: The Design of Pension Systems," by Vincenzo Galasso and Paola Profeta (WP 3191, September 2010, .pdf format, 50p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


32. CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MONETARIOS Y FINANCIEROS [MADRID, SPAIN]: "Caregiving to elderly parents and employment status of European mature women," by Laura Crespo and Pedro Mira (Working Paper No. 1007, September 2010, .pdf format, 50p.).


We study the prevalence of informal caregiving to elderly parents by their mature daughters in Europe and the effect of intense (daily) caregiving and parental health on the employment status of the daughters. We group the data from the first two waves of SHARE into three country pools (North, Central and South) which strongly differ in the availability of public formal care services and female labour market attachment. We use a time allocation model to provide a link to an empirical IV-treatment effects framework and to interpret parameters of interest and differences in results across country pools and subgroups of daughters. We estimate the average effect of parental disability on employment and daily care-giving choices of daughters and the ratio of these effects which is a Local Average Treatment effect of daily care on labour supply under exclusion restrictions. We find that there is a clear and robust North-South gradient in the (positive) effect of parental ill-health on the probability of daily care-giving. The aggregate loss of employment that can be attributed to daily informal caregiving seems negligible in northern and central European countries but not in southern countries. Large and significant impacts are found for particular combinations of daughter characteristics and parental disability conditions. The effects linked to longitudinal variation in the health of parents are stronger than those linked to cross-sectional variation.


33. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilations are for Sep. 25, 2010.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

34. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 51, No. 3, November/December 2010).

35. Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 22, No. 7, October 2010).

36. Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 22, No. 4, 2010).

37. Journal of the American Geriatric Society (Vol. 58, No. 10, October 2010).

38. Research on Aging (Vol. 32, No. 6, November 2010).

39. Rotman International Journal of Pension Management (Vol. 3, No. 2, Fall 2010).


40. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 4, 2010:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 4, 2010:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 4, 2010:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Oct. 4, 2010:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 4, 2010:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Oct. 4, 2010:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

41. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING: "Affordable Care Act Opportunities for the Aging Network" (September 2010, .pdf format, 8p.).



A. "Training in Computational Neuroscience: From Biology to Model and Back Again (T90/R90)" (RFA-DA-11-005, application deadline Jan. 13, 2010, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

B. "Training in Neuroimaging: Integrating First Principles and Applications (T90/R90)" (RFA-DA-11-006, application deadline Jan. 13, 2010, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:


43. SWISS NATIONAL CENTRE OF COMPETENCE IN RESEARCH EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: "When not specified, the working place is either the University of Geneva or Lausanne.

Deadline: 15 October 2010

28 doctoral positions in sociology, social psychology, psychology, socioeconomics, political science or related fields (positions up to 4 years)

The new Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES on Life Course and Vulnerability starting the 1st of December 2010 offers a number of positions to outstanding doctoral students in the field of social sciences.

We analyse stressful life conditions, individual resources and their activation, and well-being outcomes. Our aim is to combine advanced interdisciplinary basic research with efficient social policy interventions in order to contribute to a sustainable societal environment for human development. We offer to 28 doctoral students to be part of one or more research projects within LIVES, to receive an advanced theoretical background in life course research and an intensive training in longitudinal methodology, and of course to develop a personal doctoral project within a vibrant team. The scope of the new centre is interdisciplinary and stimulates doctoral students to search for international experiences.


The ideal candidates will have an interest in one or more of the following areas : migration ; transition to adulthood; life course trajectories and methodology ; social policies; family and intergenerational relationships; gender studies ; stratification with strong interest in methodology ; education, labour market and career (1 position on career research at University of Lausanne or Fribourg) ; labour market programs evaluation with solid knowledge in micro-econometrics; wellbeing stress processes (1 position is located in Bern requiring a master degree in (clinical) psychology, and an interest in divorce and separation); social inequalities, gerontology, social networks and social participation; statistics or programming applied to empirical social science.

Interest in quantitative and/or qualitative methods is required, some experience is an advantage.

Languages: Proficiency in English is necessary, communication skills in more than one Swiss national language is desirable.

Starting date: 1st of January 2011 or to be agreed on

Contract duration : 2 up to 4 years

Please send a curriculum vitae and a motivation letter specifying your main interest area(s) to Mme Doris Hanappi by mail to:


44. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Oct. 7, 2010.


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

45. US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE ON OVERSIGHT AND REFORM HEARING PUBLICATION: "Prostate Cancer: New Questions About Screening And Treatment," a hearing held Mar. 4, 2010, ASCII text and .pdf format, 148p.).

ASCII text:



VII. Websites of Interest:

46. KAISEREDU.ORG UPDATE: Kaiser Family Foundation's has recently released the following tutorial, which may be of interest to researchers in aging. "Health Reform and Medicare: Overview of Key Provisions," by Tricia Neuman (2010). Note: this is an online video tutorial, that is accompanied by text notes.


47. MEDICARE.GOV WEBSITE UPDATES: The following site was updated Oct. 1, 2010: "Supplier Directory." For all of's suite of interactive web databases see:


48. UNITED NATIONS DAG HAMMERSKJOLD LIBRARY: DH Library has created a useful links page for International Day of Older Persons (Oct. 1, 2010) resources.


49. UK NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE "AGING IN THE UK": "Ageing in the UK is an interactive mapping tool which allows you to analyse the age structure of the population at the local area level more easily. You can see how the population has aged over time and is projected to continue to age by selecting from a list of indicators of population ageing, such as median age, and animating the map. Data can be extracted from the tool by selecting a local area."


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706