Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #547 -- July 29, 2010

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH/NATIONAL ARCHIVE OF COMPUTERIZED DATA ON AGING: "ICPSR/NACDA announced the release of the following new datasets that may be of interest to researchers of aging on Jul. 25, 2010. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

A. "CRELES: Costa Rican Longevity and Healthy Aging Study, 2005 (Costa Rica Estudio de Longevidad y Envejecimiento Saludable) (#26681)

B. "National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2007" (#28521)


II. Reports and articles:

2. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Review of Medicare Contractor Information Security Program Evaluations for Fiscal Year 2007" (A-18-07-30291, July 2010, .pdf format, 38p.).


The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 requires that each Medicare contractor must have its information security program evaluated annually by an independent entity. To comply with this provision, CMS contracted with PricewaterhouseCoopers to evaluate information security programs at the Medicare administrative contractors, fiscal intermediaries, and carriers. CMS also contracted with JANUS Associates, Inc. (JANUS), to perform technical assessments at Medicare data centers.

PricewaterhouseCoopers, reviews of the Medicare contractor information security program evaluations were adequate in scope and sufficiency. We could not determine the extent and sufficiency of the JANUS work for the data center technical assessments because of several issues with its working papers.

We recommended that CMS review all contractor documentation related to future data center technical assessments and ensure that the work performed complies with CMS contractual requirements. At a minimum, this should include a review of test plans to ensure that the contractor has completed all required testing procedures and a review of contractor working papers to verify that reported gaps have been adequately supported, identified, and included in the technical assessment reports. We also recommended that CMS test security control areas in which a considerable number of gaps have consistently been identified in the past 2 fiscal years at all CMS Medicare data centers every year. CMS concurred with our recommendations.


3. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Life Insurance Settlements: Regulatory Inconsistencies May Pose a Number of Challenges" (GAO-10-775, July 2010, HTML and .pdf format, 119p.).


4. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program, 2009" (July 2010, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format, 175p.).


5. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA RESEARCH PAPER: "Incomes of Retirement-age and Working-age Canadians: Accounting for Home Ownership," by W. Mark Brown, Feng Hou, and Amelie Lafrance (July 2010, HTML and .pdf format, 42p.).


6. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Amount saved in life course schemes increases for the first time," (July 27, 2010).


7. EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH [VIENNA, AUSTRIA] POLICY BRIEF: "Fiscal Policy and Sustainability in View of Crisis and Population Ageing in Central and Eastern European Countries," by Asghar Zaidi and Malgorzata Rejniak (August 2010, .pdf format, 20p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.


8. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION "PULLING IT TOGETHER." The latest "Pulling it Together," by Drew Altman, is "Seniors and Health Reform" (July 2010).


9. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON AGING NEWS RELEASE: "Most Seniors Misinformed, Unaware of Key Provisions of the Affordable Care Act" (Jul. 26, 2010).

More information about NCOA:


10. PENSIONS INSTITUTE, CASS BUSINESS SCHOOL, CITY UNIVERSITY OF LONDON [UK] REPORT: "Ending Compulsory Annuitisation: What are the consequences?" by David Blake, Edmund Cannon, and Ian Tonks (July 2010, .pdf format, 28p.).



A. Today's Research in Aging (No. 19, June 2010, No. 20, Jul. 2010, both .pdf format). The topic of issue 19 is "Aging and the Health Care Workforce." The topic of issue 20 is "China's Rapidly Aging Population."

Both are accessible from:

B. "World Population Highlights: Key Findings From PRB's 2010 World Population Data Sheet" (July 2010, .pdf format).


12. SLOAN CENTER ON AGING AND WORK AT BOSTON COLLEGE REPORT: "Talent Pressures and the Aging Workforce: Construction Sector," by Stephen Sweet and Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes with Elyssa Besen, Shoghik Hovhannisyan, and Farooq Pasha (July 2010, .pdf format, 52p.). Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.



A. "Older Workers: Opportunities and Challenges," by Richard W. Johnson (July 2010, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Raising Social Security's Retirement Age," by Melissa Favreault and Richard W. Johnson (July 2010, .pdf format, 2p.).

C. "Adjusting Social Security Benefits for Changes in the Cost of Living," by Rudolph G. Penner (July 2010, .pdf format, 7p.).

D. "Workers with Low Social Security Benefits: Implications for Reform," by Melissa M. Favreault (June 2010, .pdf format, 7p.).


14. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Regulation of parkinsonian motor behaviours by optogenetic control of basal ganglia circuitry," by Alexxai V. Kravitz, Benjamin S. Freeze, Philip R. L. Parker, Kenneth Kay Myo T. Thwin, Karl Deisseroth, and Anatol C. Kreitzer (Vol. 466, No. 7306, Jul. 29, 2010, p. 622-626).


15. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Mammalian life-span determinant p66shcA mediates obesity-induced insulin resistance," by Sofia Chiatamone Ranieri, Salvatore Fusco, Emiliano Panieri, Valentina Labate, Marina Mele, Valentina Tesori, Anna Maria Ferrara, Giuseppe Maulucci, Marco De Spirito, Giuseppe Ettore Martorana, Tommaso Galeotti, and Giovambattista Pani (Vol. 107, No. 30, Jul. 27, 2010, p. 13420-13425).



A. "Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction, Stroke, Heart Failure, and Death in Elderly Medicare Patients Treated With Rosiglitazone or Pioglitazone," by David J. Graham, Rita Ouellet-Hellstrom, Thomas E. MaCurdy, Farzana Ali, Christopher Sholley, Christopher Worrall, and Jeffrey A. Kelman (Vol. 304, No. 4, Jul. 28, 2010, p. 411-418).

B. "Delirium in Elderly Patients and the Risk of Postdischarge Mortality, Institutionalization, and Dementia: A Meta-analysis," by Joost Witlox, Lisa S. M. Eurelings, Jos F. M. de Jonghe, Kees J. Kalisvaart, Piet Eikelenboom, Willem A. van Gool (Vol. 304, No. 4, Jul. 28, 2010, p. 443-451).



A. "Geographic Variation in Medicare Drug Spending," by Yuting Zhang, Katherine Baicker, and Joseph P. Newhouse (Vol. 363, No. 5, Jul. 29, 2010, HTML and .pdf format, p. 405-409). This article is available free of charge.

B. "Sipuleucel-T Immunotherapy for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer," by Philip W. Kantoff, Celestia S. Higano, Neal D. Shore, E. Roy Berger, Eric J. Small, David F. Penson, Charles H. Redfern, Anna C. Ferrari, Robert Dreicer, Robert B. Sims, Yi Xu, Mark W. Frohlich, and Paul F. Schellhammer (Vol. 363, No. 5, Jul. 29, 2010, p. 411-422).



A. "'Locked-in' patient asks for ruling on mercy killing," by Clare Dyer (BMJ 2010, 341:c3943, Vol. 341, No. 7765, Jul. 24, 2010).

B. "UK is ranked top out of 40 countries on quality of death thanks to hospice network," by Susan Mayor (BMJ 2010, 341:c3836, Vol. 341, No. 7765, Jul. 24, 2010).

C. "Functional decline after incident wrist fractures--Study of Osteoporotic Fractures: prospective cohort study," by Beatrice J. Edwards, Jing Song, Dorothy D. Dunlop, Howard A. Fink, and Jane A. Cauley (BMJ 2010, 341:c3324, Vol. 341, No. 7765, Jul. 24, 2010).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Does Stock Market Performance Influence Retirement Expectations?" by Gopi Shah Goda, John B. Shoven, and Sita Nataraj Slavov (w16211, July 2010, .pdf format, 39p.).


While media reports predicted substantial changes in labor supply behavior due to the sharp decline in the value of the stock market in October 2008, empirical evidence on the relationship between equity markets and retirement is mixed. We use panel data from the Health and Retirement Study to investigate the relationship between stock market performance and plans for retirement during 1998-2008, a period that includes the recent financial crisis, by exploiting within-year variation in the S&P 500 index across plausibly exogenous dates of interview. While we do detect a statistically significant negative relationship between the reported probability of working full-time at age 62 and the S&P 500 index in the most recent years of our study period, we do not find strong evidence that changes in equity markets influence changes in retirement plans over the period as a whole. We conclude that the higher probabilities of working reported in recent years were likely due to factors other than stock market performance, such as pessimism about economic security more generally.

B. "How Well Are Social Security Recipients Protected from Inflation?" by Gopi Shah Goda, John B. Shoven, and Sita Nataraj Slavov (W16212, July 2010, .pdf format, 23p.).

Social Security is widely believed to protect its recipients from inflation because benefits are indexed to the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). However, the CPI-W may not accurately reflect the experience of retirees for two reasons. First, retirees generally have higher medical expenses than workers, and medical costs, in recent years, have tended to rise faster than the prices of other goods. Second, even if medical costs did not rise faster than the prices of other goods, as retirees aged, their medical spending would still tend to increase as a share of income, that is, each cohort of retirees would still see a decline in the real income left over for non-medical spending. We show that Social Security benefits net of average out-of-pocket medical expenses have declined relative to a price index for non-medical goods by almost 20 percent for men, and almost 27 percent for women, in the 1918 birth cohort. We also explore the extent to which indexing Social Security benefits to the CPI-E, an experimental measure of inflation for the elderly, would change these results.


20. NATIONAL CENTER FOR ANALYSIS OF LONGITUDINAL DATA IN EDUCATION RESEARCH (CALDER): "Scrambling the Nest Egg: How Well Do Teachers Understand their Pensions and What Do They Think about Alternative Pension Structures?" by Michael DeArmond and Dan Goldhaber (Working Paper No. 51, June 2010, .pdf format, 37p.).


This paper addresses two questions: How well do teachers understand their current pension plans? And, what do they think about alternative plan structures? The data come from administrative records and a 2006 survey of teachers in Washington State. The results suggest Washington's teachers are fairly knowledgeable about their pensions, though new entrants and mid-career teachers appear to be less knowledgeable than veteran teachers. As for teachers, preferences for plan structure, the survey suggests that when it comes to investing additional retirement savings, a plurality of teachers favor defined contribution plans which offer more portability and choice, but more risk than traditional defined benefit plans. Perhaps unsurprisingly, all else equal, teachers newer to the profession are more likely than veteran teachers to favor a defined contribution structure.


21. PROGRAM ON THE GLOBAL DEMOGRAPHY OF AGING [HARVARD UNIVERSITY]: "Optimal Aging and Death," by Carl-Johan Dalgaardy and Holger Strulik (Working Paper No. 58, July 2010, .pdf format, 37p.).


This study introduces physiological aging into a simple model of optimal intertemporal consumption. In this endeavor we draw on the natural science literature on aging. According to the purposed theory, the speed of the aging process and the time of death are endogenously determined by optimal health investments. At the same time, physiological aspects of the aging process influence optimal savings and health investment. We calibrate the model for the average US male in 2000 and proceed to show that the calibrated model accounts well for the cross-country link between labor productivity and life expectancy in the same year ("the Preston curve"), cross-country income differences can explain differences in life expectancy at age 20 of up to a decade. Moreover, technological change in health care of about 1.1% per year can account for the observed shift in the Preston curve between 1980 and 2000.


22. URBAN INSTITUTE: "Why Do Some Workers Have Low Social Security Benefits?" by Melissa M. Favreault (Discussion Paper 10-03, June 2010, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


23. INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RESEARCH (ISER) [UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX, COLCHESTER, UK]: "Attendance Allowance and Disability Living Allowance claimants in the older population: Is there a difference in their economic circumstances?" by Ruth Hancock, Marcello Morciano, and Stephen Pudney (WP2010-27, July 2010, .pdf format, 19p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "The Effects of Aging on Migration in a Transition Economy: The Case of China," by Orn B. Bodvarsson and Jack W. Hou (Discussion Paper 5070, July 2010, .pdf format, 51p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Preferences for Redistribution and Pensions: What Can We Learn from Experiments?" by Franziska Tausch, Jan Potters, Arno Riedl (Discussion Paper No. 5090, July 2010, .pdf format, 31p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


25. INTERLINKS: For more information on Interlinks see:

A. "Prevention and rehabilitation within longterm care across Europe. European Overview Paper," by Susanne Kumpers, Kerry Allen, Lorna Campbell, Anja Dieterich, Jon Glasby, Georgios Kagialaris, Tasos Mastroyiannakis, Tatjana Pokrajac, Georg Ruppe, Eva Turk, Roelf van der Veen, and Lis Wagner (WP 3, July 2010, .pdf format, 54p.)

B. "Quality Management and Quality Assurance in LongTerm Care. European Overview Paper," by Henk Nies, Kai Leichsenring, Roelf van der Veen, Ricardo Rodrigues, Pierre Gobet, Laura Holdsworth, Sabina Mak, Elisabeth Hirsch Durrett, Marion Repetti, Michel Naiditch, Teija Hammar, Hennamari Mikkola, Harriet Finne-Soveri, Timo Hujanen, Stephanie Carretero, Laura Cordero, Maite Ferrando, Thomas Emilsson, Gunnar Ljunggren, Patrizia Di Santo, Francesca Ceruzzi, and Eva Turk (WP 4, July 2010, .pdf format, 62p.).

C. "Informal care in the longterm care system. European Overview Paper," by Judy Triantafillou, Michel Naiditch, Kvetoslava Repkova, Karin Stiehr, Stephanie Carretero, Thomas Emilsson, Patrizia Di Santo, Rastislav Bednarik, Lydia Brichtova, Francesca Ceruzzi, Laura Cordero, Tasos Mastroyiannakis, Maite Ferrando, Karl Mingot, Joachim Ritter, and Diamantoula Vlantoni (WP 5, July 2010, .pdf format, 67p.).

All three are available at:


26. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Defined Benefit Plans and the Need for Counter-Cyclical Funding Regulations," by Juan Yermo and Clara Severinson (OECD Working Paper on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions No. 3, July 2010, .pdf format, 30p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:,3425,en_2649_34853_45694492_119684_1_1_1,00.html


27. WORLD BANK POLICY RESEARCH PROGRAMME: "Labor supply and retirement policy in an overlapping generations model with stochastic fertility," by Ole Hagen Jorgensen and Svend E. Hougaard Jensen (WPS No. 5382, July 2010, ASCII text and .pdf format, 19p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


28. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilation is for Jul. 17, 2010.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

29. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias (Vol. 25, No. 5, August 2010).

30. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 172, No. 3, Aug. 1, 2010).

31. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Vol. 18, No. 8, August 2010).

32. The Gerontologist (Vol. 50, No. 4, August 2010).

33. Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 29, No. 4, August 2010).

34. Medical Care (Vol. 48, No. 8, August 2010).


35. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jul. 26, 2010:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jul. 26, 2010:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jul. 26, 2010:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jul. 26, 2010:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jul. 26, 2010:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jul. 26, 2010:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:


A. Health Promotion and Aging: Practical Applications for Health Professionals, Fifth Edition, by David Haber (2010, 664p., ISBN: 9780826105981). For more information see:

B. Public Health and Aging: Maximizing Function and Well-Being, Second Edition, by Steven M. Albert and Vicki A. Freedman (2009, 448p., ISBN: 9780826121516). For more information see:

C. Physical Change and Aging: A Guide for the Helping Professions, Fifth Edition, by Sue V. Saxon, Mary Jean Etten, and Elizabeth A. Perkins (2009, 512p., ISBN: 9780826104410). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Claude D. Pepper Older Americans Independence Centers (OAICs) (P30)" (RFA-AG-11-002, reissue of RFA-AG-10-003, Jul. 21, 2010, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

B. "Bioengineering Research Partnerships (BRP)[R01]" (PAR-10-234, reissue of PAR-07-352, Jul. 21, 2010, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

C. "Climate Change and Health: Assessing and Modeling Population Vulnerability to Climate Change (R21) (PAR-10-235, Jul. 21, 2010, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:


38. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES: "Medicare Announces Demonstration Testing Decision Support Systems for Advanced Medical Imaging Services"(Jul. 22, 2010, application deadline Sep. 21, 2010).


39. AGEWORK.COM: has updated its employment listings through Jul. 29, 2010.


VII. Websites of Interest:

40. MEDICARE.GOV WEBSITE UPDATES: The following sites were updated Jul. 22-29, 2010: "Helpful Contacts," "Nursing Home Compare," and "Supplier Directory". For all of Medicare's suite of interactive web databases see:


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706