Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #545 -- July 15, 2010

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH DATA RELEASES, NEWS RELEASE: ICPSR announced the release of the following new datasets that may be of interest to researchers of aging on Jul. 12-13, 2009. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

A. "China Multi-Generational Panel Dataset, 1749-1909" (#27063)

B. "Health Interview Survey, 1964" (ICPSR National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging #28663).

C. "Study: Diversity of grieving among Alzheimer's caregivers" (Jul. 12, 2010).


II. Reports and articles:



3. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS ARTICLE: "New data series highlights employee access to medical care and retirement benefits," (in Program Perspectives, Vol. 2, No. 4, July 2010, .pdf format, 4p.).


4. US CENSUS BUREAU FACTS FOR FEATURES: "Grandparents Day 2010: Sept. 12" (CB10-FF.16, Jul. 12, 2010, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).



A. "Figures 2.1-2.3 Medicare Enrollment: 2009" (July 2010, .zip compressed .pdf format).

B. "Figure 8.1 Medicare Hospice: 2009" (July 2010, .pdf format).

Medicare and Medicaid Statistical Supplement:



A. "Review of Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities' Compliance With Medicares Transfer Regulation During Fiscal Years 2004 Through 2007" (A-04-09-00059, June 2010, .pdf format, 20p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Medicare Part B Services During Non-Part A Nursing Home Stays: Mental Health" (OEI-06-06-00580, July 2010, .pdf format, 14p.).


This report presents findings based on a medical review of Medicare Part B mental health claims provided during non-Part A nursing home stays in 2006. Non-Part A stays occur in nursing homes when the stay is not paid for under the Medicare Part A posthospital skilled nursing facility benefit.

We found that 39 percent of claims for mental health services that Medicare Part B allowed during non-Part A nursing home stays in 2006 did not meet the program requirements for coverage. Specifically, services were medically unnecessary, undocumented or inadequately documented, or miscoded. These errors resulted in an estimated $74 million in inappropriate Part B payments, of the $211 million allowed in 2006. Claims for psychotherapy services comprised the majority of these inappropriately paid claims, which is consistent with findings from the CMS 2006 Comprehensive Error Rate Testing report. Additionally, we found that 71 percent of the sampled mental health claims contained inaccurate diagnosis codes or lacked adequate documentation to support the diagnosis code, although these codes did not directly affect reimbursement.

C. "Analysis of Errors Identified in the Fiscal Year 2009 Comprehensive Error Rate Testing Program" (A-01-10-01000, July 2010, .pdf format, 25p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


7. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING NEWSLETTER: Connections (Spring/Summer 2010).



A. "Mental Decline Thwarted in Aging Rats" (Jul. 8, 2010).

B. "NIH Scientists Advance Universal Flu Vaccine" (Jul. 15, 2010).


9. GOVERNMENT OF CANADA/GOUVERNEMENT DU CANADA NATIONAL SENIORS COUNCIL/LE CONSEIL NATIONAL DES AINES REPORT: "Report of the National Seniors Council on Volunteering Among Seniors and Positive and Active Aging" (May 2010, .pdf format, 52p.).


10. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS RESEARCH REPORT: "What does the distribution of wealth tell us about future retirement resources?" by James Banks, Rowena Crawford and Gemma Tetlow (Research Report 665, 2010, .pdf format, 77p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


11. AARP PUBLIC POLICY INSTITUTE FACTSHEET: "The Employment Situation, June 2010: A Mixed Picture for Older Workers," by Sara E. Rix (July 2010, .pdf format, 6p.).


12. BOSTON COLLEGE SLOAN CENTER ON AGING AND WORK REPORT: "Talent Pressures and the Aging Workforce: Retail Trade Sector," by Stephen Sweet and Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes (June 2010, .pdf format, 59p.). Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.


13. CALIFORNIA HEALTH CARE FOUNDATION REPORT: "Aging in PACE: The Case for California Expansion" (July 2010, .pdf format, 21p.). Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

More information on CHCF:


14. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC POLICY AND RESEARCH REPORT: "The Impact of Social Security Cuts on Retiree Income," by Dean Baker and David Rosnick (July 2010, .pdf format, 20p.). Article is at the bottom of the page.


15. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "Sensitivity of life disparity with respect to changes in mortality rates," by Peter Wagner (Vol. 23, Article 3, July 2010, .pdf format, p. 63-72). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


16. ECONOMIST INTELLIGENCE UNIT REPORT: "The quality of death Ranking end-of-life care across the world" (July 2010, .pdf format, 36p.).


17. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "The EBRI Retirement Readiness Rating: Retirement Income Preparation and Future Prospects," by Jack VanDerhei and Craig Copeland (Issue Brief No. 344, July 2010, .pdf format, 36p.).


18. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTRE UK REPORT: "The Future of Age: Notes based on the ILC-UK and Actuarial Profession joint debate" (July 2010, .pdf format, 13p.). Link to report is at the bottom of the page under "Download a PDF".


19. MINNESOTA GERONTOLOGICAL SOCIETY/TWIN CITIES PUBLIC TELEVISION DOCUMENTARY: "Love of Car: Transportation as We Age" (2010, embedded streaming video, running time: 56 minutes, 44 seconds).



A. "Distilled Demographics: The Death Rate," by Carl Haub (June 2010, video transcript, running time, 8 minutes, 54 seconds).

B. "Family Care for an Aging Population" (Population Reference Bureau and the Hopkins Population Center 4th Annual Symposium on Policy and Health: "Family Care for an Aging Population: Demographic Contexts and Policy Challenges", June 2010, video transcript, running time, 1 hour, 29 minutes, with presentation slides also available in .pdf format).


21. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Members of the H3K4 trimethylation complex regulate lifespan in a germline-dependent manner in _C. elegans_," by Eric L. Greer, Travis J. Maures, Anna G. Hauswirth, Erin M. Green, Dena S. Leeman, Geraldine S. Maro, Shuo Han, Or Gozani, and Anne Brunet (Vol. 466, No. 7304, Jul. 15, 2010, p. 383-387).



A. "The Influence of Perceptual Training on Working Memory in Older Adults," by Anne S. Berry, Theodore P. Zanto, Wesley C. Clapp, Joseph L. Hardy, Peter B. Delahunt, Henry W. Mahncke, and Adam Gazzaley (PLoS ONE 5(7): e11537. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011537, HTML, XML, and .pdf format 8p.).

B. "Loss of Androgen Receptor-Dependent Growth Suppression by Prostate Cancer Cells Can Occur Independently from Acquiring Oncogenic Addiction to Androgen Receptor Signaling," by Jason M. D'Antonio, Donald J. Vander Griend, Lizamma Antony, George Ndikuyeze, Susan L. Dalrymple, Shahriar Koochekpour, and John T. Isaacs (PLoS ONE 5(7): e11475. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011475, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 14p.).



A. "Ultrahigh-resolution microstructural diffusion tensor imaging reveals perforant path degradation in aged humans in vivo," by Michael A. Yassa, L. Tugan Muftuler, and Craig E. L. Stark (Vol. 107, No. 28, Jul. 13, 2010, p. 12687-12691).

B. "Divergence of human and mouse brain transcriptome highlights Alzheimer disease pathways," by Jeremy A. Miller, Steve Horvath, and Daniel H. Geschwind (Vol. 107, No. 28, Jul. 13, 2010, HTML and .pdf format, p. 12698-12703). This article is available free of charge.


24. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATAION ARTICLE ABSTRACTS: Regional Variation in Health Care Intensity and Treatment Practices for End-stage Renal Disease in Older Adults," by Ann M. O'Hare, Rudolph A. Rodriguez, Susan M. Hailpern, Eric B. Larson, and Manjula Kurella Tamura (Vol. 304, No. 2, Jul. 14, 2010, p. 180-186).


25. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE: "Transdermal and oral hormone replacement therapy and the risk of stroke: a nested case-control study," by Christel Renoux, Sophie Dell'Aniello, Edeltraut Garbe, and Samy Suissa (Vol. 341, No. 7763, Jul. 10, 2010, HTML and .pdf format, 7p.). This article is available free of charge.


III. Working Papers:

26. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Adolescent IQ and Survival in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study," by Robert M. Hauser and Alberto Palloni (CDE Working Paper No. 2010-05, April 2010, .pdf format, 31p.).


Numerous studies find a positive relationship between cognitive ability, IQ as measured in childhood or youth, and subsequent survival. Explanations range from the idea that low ability is an indicator of adverse systemic events in early life to the idea that high cognitive functioning is required continuously to maintain health and reduce threats to survival. The Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS) has followed a cohort of 10,317 Wisconsin high school seniors from 1957 onward. As expected, in the WLS adolescent cognitive ability (IQ) is positively correlated with survival from ages 18 to 69. However, rank in high school class accounts completely for the relationship between IQ and survival, and it has a much larger effect on survival. This finding could be interpreted as suggesting that cognitive functioning improves survival by promoting behaviors that boost health status, minimize exposure to known risks and, more generally, optimize returns to health producing inputs, and that such behaviors are firmly in place by late adolescence. Future research should identify those behaviors, their antecedents, and their consequences.


27. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "The Risk of Out-of-Pocket Health Care Expenditure at End of Life," by Samuel Marshall, Kathleen M. McGarry, and Jonathan S. Skinner (w16170, July 2010, .pdf format, 38p.).


There is conflicting evidence on the importance of out-of-pocket medical expenditures as a risk to financial security, particularly at older ages. We revisit this question, focusing on health care spending near the end of life using data from the Health and Retirement Study for the years 1998-2006. We address difficulties with missing values for various categories of expenditures, outliers, and variations across individuals in the length of the reporting period. Spending in the last year of life is estimated to be $11,618 on average, with the 90th percentile equal to $29,335, the 95th percentile $49,907, and the 99th equal to $94,310. These spending measures represent a substantial fraction of liquid wealth for decedents. Total out-of-pocket expenditures are strongly positively related to wealth and weakly related to income. We find evidence for a mechanism by which wealth could plausibly buy health: large expenditures on home modifications, helpers, home health care, and higher-quality nursing homes, which have been shown elsewhere to improve longevity.


28. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers.

A. "Longevity Risk Management in Singapores National Pension System," by Joelle H.Y. Fong, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Benedict S. K. Koh (WP2010-10, July 2010, .pdf format, 29p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Financial Literacy: Implications for Retirement Security and the Financial Marketplace" (WP2010-11, July 2010, .pdf format, 22p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


29. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTRE UK: Living Longer is a Good Thing! Ageing, Employers and Employment Rights," by Susan Sayce (July 2010, .pdf format, 6p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

Link to report is at the bottom of the page under "Download a PDF".


30. VIENNA INSTITUTE OF DEMOGRAPHY: "Life Expectancy in Developed Countries Is Higher Than Conventionally Estimated. Implications from Improved Measurement of Human Longevity," by Dalkhat M. Ediev (European Demographic Research Paper No. 1, July 2010, .pdf format, 35p.).


Conventional indicators of human lifespan (Graunt 1661; Chiang 1984) are based on a hypothetical synthesis of the mortality conditions of different cohorts with (as yet) incomplete life histories. There is a considerable ongoing debate about improvements to the traditional methodology under changing mortality rates (Bongaarts and Feeney 2002; Wilmoth 2005; Barbi et al. 2008). Improved measurement of the human lifespan is crucial for estimating prospects of longevity (Wilmoth 1998; Tuljapurkar et al. 2000; Oeppen and Vaupel 2002; Robine et al. 2006; Olshansky et al. 2009) and for understanding the implications of population ageing (Olshansky et al. 2009; Sanderson and Scherbov 2005; Lutz et al. 2008; Council of the European Union 2009). Here we show that both the centuries-long tradition of conventional lifespan indicators and the more recent criticism of them ignore the true exposures of individuals to prevailing mortality levels. These exposures form a genuine part of a more comprehensive picture of the prevailing mortality conditions. In low mortality countries, our estimated duration of human life is about 95 years, which exceeds the conventional estimates by 15 years. This difference is crucial for health care, long-term care and pension systems. Our theory implies that mortality dynamics are characterised by considerable inertia. This is used to develop new effective methods of forecasting, leading to a more optimistic outlook for future mortality. Even if there were no further change in mortality conditions, conventional life expectancy at birth will rise to 90 years by 2050, while the probability to survive beyond age 100 will reach 30% in low-mortality countries. Conventional longevity indicators still provide a useful summary of the observed mortality rates which, in turn, are essential for population projections. However, they do not give the full picture of current mortality conditions and mislead about the prospects of human longevity.


31. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilation is for Jul. 3, 2010.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

32. Alzheimer's and Dementia (Vol. 6, No. 4, July 2010, Vol. 6. No. 4 Supplement, July 2010).

Vol. 6, No. 4:

Vol. 6, No. 4 Supplement:

33. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 172, No. 2, Jul. 15, 2010).

34. Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 72, No. 4, August 2010).

35. Research in Nursing and Health (Vol. 33, No. 4, August 2010).


36. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jul. 12, 2010:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jul. 12, 2010:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jul. 12, 2010:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jul. 12, 2010:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jul. 12, 2010:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jul. 12, 2010:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Epigenomics of Human Health and Disease (R01)" (RFA-ES-10-002, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Jul. 7, 2010). For more information see:

B. "Structural Biology of Membrane Proteins (R01)" (PA-10-228, reissue of PA-07-253, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, Jul. 9, 2010). For more information see:


38. RAND CORPORATION BING CENTER FOR HEALTH ECONOMICS: "RANDs Bing Center for Health Economics invites applications to its Visiting Scholars Program. Visiting scholars will spend a minimum of 1 and up to 4 weeks in residence at RAND in either Santa Monica or Washington D.C. During their stay, the scholar will present a seminar on a health economics topic. The Program will cover travel and housing expenses, and will provide an honorarium of $1,000 per week. It will also facilitate interactions between the scholar and health economists throughout the organization. The program is targeted towards economists at the associate and full professor levels but promising junior scholars are also encouraged to apply. Applications will be accepted on a rolling basis and the period of the stay will be decided in collaboration with accepted applicants. To apply, please submit a CV along with a cover letter that includes (a) a one paragraph description of the work that will be presented and (b) a proposed period of stay. Applications and related questions can be e-mailed to Nancee Inouye at

If you know of any economists who would be interested in this program, please encourage them to apply. For more details on the program, please e-mail Mireille Jacobson at

For more information on the Bing Center see:


39. AGEWORK.COM: has updated its employment opportunities page through Jul. 15, 2010.


VI. Conferences:

40. AARP SOLUTIONS FORUM: "Social Security and the Future of Retirement," to be held Sep. 22, 2010 in Washington, DC. For more information see:


41. CONFERERNCEALERTS.COM GERONTOLOGY CONFERENCE UPDATES: The following conferences have recently been added to's gerontology conferences:

Aug. 2-3, 2010: Healthy Lifestyle for Longevity Seminar 2010--Bertam, Malaysia

Sep. 4-5, 2010: GERON 2010 - Healthy Ageing: From Concept to Reality--Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Sep. 25, 2010: Bio-Identical Hormone Strategies Symposium, Dysfunctional Hormones & Anti - Aging, Physicians & all Healthcare Providers--Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Sep. 30-Oct. 1, 2010: 7th Annual Meeting On Brain Aging And Dementia--Perugia, Italy

Oct. 28-30, 2010: Human Dignity and the Future of Health Care--Waco, Texas

Oct. 29, 2010: Nurses lighting the way with delirium, depression, and dementia--Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia (see under "Breaking News")

Apr. 14-17, 2011: VII European Congress IAGG-ER: Healthy And Active Ageing For All Europeans II--Bologna, Italy

May 20-23, 2011: Retirement Communities World Australia 2011--Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

All can be accessed at's gerontology page:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

42. US SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Choosing to Work During Retirement and the Impact on Social Security," a hearing held July 15, 2010 (.pdf format). In addition to the print testimony, a video transcript of the hearing is available at the site.


43. US SENATE HOMELAND SECURITY COMMITTEE, FEDERAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, GOVERNMENT INFORMATION, FEDERAL SERVICES, AND INTERNATIONAL SECURITY SUBCOMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Preventing and Recovering Medicare Payment Errors," a hearing held Jul. 15, 2010 (.pdf format). In addition to the print testimony a video transcript of the hearing, running time about 2 hours and 25 minutes, is available at the site.


44. US HOUSE FINANCIAL SERVICES COMMITTEE, OVERSIGHT AND INVESTIGATIONS SUBCOMMITTEE FIELD HEARING TESTIMONY: "After the Financial Crisis: Ongoing Challenges Facing Delphi Retirees," a hearing held Jul. 13, 2010 in Canfield, Ohio (.pdf format). Note: there is no video transcript available at present.


45. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Social Security at 75 years: More Necessary Now than Ever," a hearing held Jul. 15, 2010 (.pdf format with testimony also available in video).


VIII. Websites of Interest:

46. MEDICARE.GOV WEBSITE UPDATES: The following sites were updated Jul. 9-15, 2010: "Medicare Options Compare"; "Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Finder"; and "Supplier Directory". For all of's suite of interactive web databases see:


47. STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG UPDATE: Kaiser Family Foundation updated the following data from Jun. 17-Jul. 6, 2010:

Total Number of Retail Prescription Drugs Filled at Pharmacies, 2009

Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan: Operation Decisions and Preliminary Funding Allocations

Number of Deaths per 100,000 Population, 2007

Medicare Advantage (MA) Plan Penetration, 2010

Total Number of Medicare Beneficiaries, 2010

Number of Persons Served for Hospital Outpatient Services Under Medicare, 2008


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706