Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report No. 514--November 25, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. HEALTHREFORM.GOV REPORT: "Health Insurance Reform and Your State: the Case for Change" (November 2009).


2. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID STATISITICAL SUPPLEMENT UPDATES (.zip compressed Microsoft Excel [.xlsx] and .pdf format).

A. "Medicare Short-Stay Hospitals: Tables 5.1-5.12"

B. "Medicare Part D: Tables 14.1-14.4"

Both are avialable at:

click on the "Show Only" radio button and the check the "Show only items whose last modified date is within the past" 7 days.



A. "Why Do They Stay? Job Tenure Among Certified Nursing Assistants in Nursing Homes," by Joshua M. Wiener, Marie R. Squillace, Wayne L. Anderson, and Galina Khatutsky (April 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 24p.).

B. "Nursing Home Work Practices and Nursing Assistants' Job Satisfaction," by Christine E. Bishop, Marie R. Squillace,Jennifer Meagher, Wayne L. Anderson, and Joshua M. Wiener (June 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 20p.).



A. "Recovery Funds Advance Alzheimers Disease Research" (Nov. 23, 2009).

B. "Recovery Act Funding Seeks to Help Understand Basic Secrets of Aging" (Nov. 23, 2009).


5. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION PERIODICAL: SSI Monthly Statistics, October 2009 (November 2009, HTML and .pdf format).


6. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "How Grantees Manage Financial Conflicts of Interest in Research Funded by the National Institutes of Health" ((OEI-03-07-00700, November 2009, .pdf format, 37p.).


We found that a number of vulnerabilities exist in National Institutes of Health (NIH) grantee institutions' identification, management, and oversight of financial conflicts of interest. For example, 90 percent of the grantee institutions rely solely on the researchers' discretion to determine which of their significant financial interests are related to their research and are therefore required to be reported. We found that because nearly half of the grantee institutions do not require researchers to provide specific amounts of equity or compensation on their financial disclosure forms, specific financial interests of NIH-funded researchers are often unknown. In addition, when researchers submit information regarding their financial interests, grantee institutions do not routinely verify it.

Pursuant to Federal regulation, each grantee institution receiving NIH funds must have a written policy for identifying financial conflicts of interest and ensuring that these conflicts are managed, reduced, or eliminated. Grantee institutions must certify that they have written and enforced administrative processes to identify and manage, reduce, or eliminate financial conflicts of interest. They must also certify that existing conflicts (but not the nature of the interest or other details) will be reported to NIH before the expenditure of any funds under that award, that these conflicts have been managed, reduced, or eliminated, and that any subsequently identified conflicts will be reported and will be managed, reduced, or eliminated, at least on an interim basis, within 60 days of identification.

Other vulnerabilities include the following: (1) some grantee institutions lack documentation to support their oversight of financial conflicts of interest, (2) the majority of grantee institutions do not have policies and procedures that address subgrantee compliance with Federal regulations regarding financial conflicts of interest, (3) conflicts were not reported by grantee institutions to NIH in a consistent format, and (4) grantee institutions are not required to report to NIH any financial interests that they have with outside companies.

We focused our review on all 41 grantee institutions that submitted financial conflict-of-interest reports to NIH in fiscal year (FY) 2006. We also requested supporting documentation, including researchers' financial disclosure forms, conflict management plans, and conflict-of-interest committee meeting notes related to 184 financial conflicts of interest reported to NIH in FY 2006.

The most common type of financial conflict of interest among researchers is equity ownership (including stock and stock options) in companies in which the researchers' financial interests could significantly affect the grant research. Other financial conflicts of interest among researchers involved inventing technology, consulting, or holding positions with outside companies. To manage financial conflicts of interest, grantee institutions often require researchers to disclose conflicts in research publications, however, grantee institutions rarely reduce or eliminate financial conflicts of interest.

As in a prior OIG report, we recommended that NIH request grantee institutions to provide it with details regarding the nature of all reported financial conflicts of interest and how they are managed, reduced, or eliminated. In addition, we also recommended in this report that NIH (1) require grantee institutions to collect all information on significant financial interests held by researchers and not just those deemed by researchers to be reasonably affected by the research, (2) require grantee institutions to collect information on specific amounts of equity and compensation from researchers, (3) develop and disseminate guidance on methods to verify researchers' financial interests, (4) ensure that grantee institutions are providing adequate oversight of subgrantee compliance with the Federal financial conflict-of-interest regulations, (5) ensure that grantee institutions are maintaining proper documentation as outlined in the Federal financial conflict-of-interest regulations, (6) ensure that grantee institutions are taking appropriate actions against researchers who do not follow grantee institutions' financial conflict-of-interest policies and procedures, (7) increase oversight of grantee institutions to ensure that financial conflicts of interest are reported and managed appropriately, and (8) develop regulations that address institutional financial conflicts of interest.

Overall, NIH did not state whether it concurs or does not concur with our recommendations. NIH stated that many of OIG's recommendations are not within the current scope of Federal regulation and are included in the May 8, 2009, Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, which invited public comment on possible revisions to financial conflict-of-interest regulations. Therefore, OIG's recommendations will be considered by NIH and the Department of Health & Human Services during the formal rulemaking process.

NIH highlighted a number of initiatives designed to enhance NIH oversight of and promote grantee compliance with Federal regulation. OIG recognizes NIH's continued efforts in increasing oversight of grantee institutions. However, despite these efforts, vulnerabilities continue to exist at grantee institutions in their identification, management, and oversight of financial conflicts of interest. Therefore, OIG maintains its position that increased oversight of grantee institutions is needed to ensure that financial conflicts of interest are reported and managed appropriately.



A. "Mainstreaming Ageing" (UNECE Policy Brief on Ageing No. 1, November 2009, .pdf format, 10p.).

B. "Gender equality, work and old age (UNECE Policy Brief on Ageing No. 2, November 2009, .pdf format, 10p.).

C. "Older persons as consumers" (UNECE Policy Brief on Ageing No. 3, November 2009, .pdf format, 9p.).

D. "Integration and participation of older persons in society" (UNECE Policy Brief on Ageing No. 4, November 2009, .pdf format, 13p.).


8. STATISITCS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "More than one in three employees prepared to work until the age of 65," by Marjolein Korvorst and Jannes de Vries (Nov. 19, 2009).



A. "Beyond Age Rating: Spreading Risk in Health Insurance Markets," by Lynn Nonnemaker (Insight on the Issues, October 2009, .pdf format, 12p.).

B. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio shows (RealPlayer and MP3 format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

"The Making of an Elder Culture" (Nov. 24, 2009)


10. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE IN BRIEF: "401(k) Plans and Race," by Alicia H. Munnell and Christopher Sullivan (IB#9-24, November 2009, .pdf format, 10p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


11. BOSTON COLLEGE SLOAN CENTER ON AGING AND WORK ISSUE BRIEF: "Talent Management Study: The Pressures of Talent Management," by Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Stephen Sweet and Kathy Lynch (October 2009, .pdf format, 23p.).


12. BROOKINGS INSTITUTION Report: "Should Increasing the Progressivity of Entitlement Benefits be Part of a 21st Century American Social Contract?" by William A. Galston (November 2009, .pdf format, 15p.).


13. C.D. HOWE INSTITUTE [TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA] LECTURE: "Pension Reform: How Canada Can Lead the World," by Keith Ambachtsheer (Benefactors Lecture, 2009, November 2009, .pdf format, 25p.).

More information about C.D. Howe Institute:


14. JOSEPH ROUNTREE FOUNDATION REPORT: "The development of social well-being in new extra care housing schemes," by Lisa Callaghan, Ann Netten and Robin Darton (November 2009, .pdf format, 60p.).

More information about JRF:


15. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU REPORT: "The NIA Demography Centers 2009" (in Research Highlights in the Demography and Economics of Aging, No. 12, November 2009, .pdf format, 8p.).


16. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles. "Evaluating Foot Pain in Elderly Patients," by Mark E. Williams (Medscape Family Medicine, Nov. 24, 2009).



A. "Hip Fracture Incidence in Relation to Age, Menopausal Status, and Age at Menopause: Prospective Analysis," by Emily Banks, Gillian K. Reeves, Valerie Beral, Angela Balkwill, Bette Liu, and Andrew Roddam (PLoS Med 6(11): e1000181. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000181, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "Epidemiological Pathology of Dementia: Attributable-Risks at Death in the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study," by Fiona E. Matthews, Carol Brayne, James Lowe, Ian McKeith, Stephen B. Wharton, and Paul Ince (PLoS Med 6(11): e1000180. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000180, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 15p.).

C. "Early-Onset and Robust Amyloid Pathology in a New Homozygous Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease," by Antje Willuweit, Joachim Velden, Robert Godemann, Andre Manook, Fritz Jetzek, Hartmut Tintrup, Gunther Kauselmann, Branko Zevnik, Gjermund Henriksen, Alexander Drzezga, Johannes Pohlner, Michael Schoor, John A. Kemp, and Heinz von der Kammer (PLoS ONE 4(11): e7931. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007931, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 15p.).


18. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Amyloid-{beta} as a positive endogenous regulator of release probability at hippocampal synapses," by Efrat Abramov, Iftach Dolev, Hilla Fogel, Giuseppe D. Ciccotosto, Eyal Ruff, and Inna Slutsky (Vol. 12, No. 12, Nov. 22, 2009, p. 1567-1576).



A. "Comparison of Alzheimer A{beta}(1--40) and A{beta}(1--42) amyloid fibrils reveals similar protofilament structures," by Matthias Schmidt, Carsten Sachsea, Walter Richter, Chen Xu, Marcus Fandrich, and Nikolaus Grigorieff (Vol. 106, No. 47, Nov. 24, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 19813-19818). This article is available free of charge.

B. "Amyloid-{beta} and tau synergistically impair the oxidative phosphorylation system in triple transgenic Alzheimer's disease mice," by Virginie Rhein, Xiaomin Song, Andreas Wiesner, Lars M. Ittner, Ginette Baysang, Fides Meier, Laurence Ozmen, Horst Bluethmann, Stefan Drose, Ulrich Brandt, Egemen Savaskan, Christian Czech, Jurgen Gotz, and Anne Eckert (Vol. 106, No. 47, Nov. 24, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 20057-20062). This article is available free of charge.

C. "RAGE-mediated signaling contributes to intraneuronal transport of amyloid-{beta} and neuronal dysfunction," by Kazuhiro Takuma, Fang Fang, Wensheng Zhang, Shiqiang Yan, Emiko Fukuzaki, Heng Du, Alexander Sosunov, Guy McKhann, Yoko Funatsu, Noritaka Nakamichi, Taku Nagai, Hiroyuki Mizoguchi, Daisuke Ibi, Osamu Hori, Satoshi Ogawa, David M. Stern, Kiyofumi Yamada, and Shirley ShiDu Yan (Vol. 106, No. 47, Nov. 24, 2009, p. 20021-20026).


20. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain and the Occurrence of Falls in an Older Population," by Suzanne G. Leveille, Richard N. Jones Dan K. Kiely, Jeffrey M. Hausdorff, Robert H. Shmerling, Jack M. Guralnik, Douglas P. Kiel, Lewis A. Lipsitz, and Jonathan F. Bean (Vol. 302, No. 20, Nov. 25, 2009, p. 2214-2221).



A. "Slow walking speed and cardiovascular death in well functioning older adults: prospective cohort study," by Julien Dumurgier, Alexis Elbaz, Pierre Ducimetiere, Beatrice Tavernier, Annick Alperovitch, and Christophe Tzourio (Vol. 339, No. 7731, Nov. 21, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1178-1188, BMJ 2009;339:b4460). This article is available free of charge.

B. "Medical Classics: The Moral Challenge of Alzheimer Disease," by Mairead Bartley (Views and Reviews extract, Vol. 339, No. 7731, Nov. 21, 2009, p. 1205, BMJ 2009;339:b4856).


II. Working Papers:

22. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH: "Retirement Security and the Stock Market Crash: What Are the Possible Outcomes," by Barbara A. Butrica, Karen E. Smith, and Eric J. Toder (WP 2009-30, November 2009, .pdf format, 45p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "Age trajectories of social policy preferences. Support for intergenerational transfers from a demographic perspective," by Harald Wilkoszewski (WP 2009-034, November 2009, .pdf format, 44p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Demographic change and the acceptance of population-related policies. A comparison of 13 European countries," by Harald Wilkoszewski and Elena Muth (WP 2009-035, November 2009, .pdf format, 50p.).


24. NEP-AGE: Working papers in the Economics of Aging are available through the bibliographic database provided by Research Papers in Economics (RePEc). The latest compilation is for Nov. 7, 14, 2009.


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

25. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Vol. 17, No. 12, December 2009).

26. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 50, No. 1, January-February 2010).

27. Research on Aging (Vol. 32, No. 1, January 2010).


28. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Nov. 23, 2009:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 23, 2009:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Nov. 23, 2009:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Nov. 23, 2009:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Nov. 23, 2009:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Nov. 23, 2009:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


IV. Books:

29. AMERICAN ENTERPISE INSTITUTE MONOGRAPH: Bring Market Prices to Medicare: Essential Reform at a Time of Fiscal Crisis, by Robert F. Coulam, Roger Feldman, and Bryan E. Dowd (2009, 150p., ISBN: 978-0-8447-4321-9). For more information, including ordering information see:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Development and Application of PET and SPECT Imaging Ligands as Biomarkers for Drug Discovery and for Pathophysiological Studies of CNS Disorders (R21)" (PA-10-023, Nov. 20, 2009, reissue of PA-06-041, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

B. "Development and Application of PET and SPECT Imaging Ligands as Biomarkers for Drug Discovery and for Pathophysiological Studies of CNS Disorders (Phased Innovation Award [R21/R33])" (PAR-10-024, Nov. 20, 2009, reissue of PA-06-463, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:


31. has updated its employment listings through Nov. 23, 2009.


VI. Legislation Information Updates:


A. "Betting on Death in the Life Settlement Market: What's at Stake for Seniors?" a hearing held Apr. 29, 2009 (Senate Hearing 111-95, Serial No. 111-4, ASCII text and .pdf format, 309p.).

ASCII text:


B. "Catch Me if You Can: Solutions to Stop Medicare and Medicaid Fraud From Hurting Seniors and Taxpayers," a hearing held May 6, 2009 (Senate Hearing 111-120, Serial No. 111-5, ASCII text and .pdf format, 107p.).

ASCII text:




ASCII text:



34. US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, SOCIAL SECURITY SUBCOMMITEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "The Social Security Administration's Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act Of 2009," a hearing held Apr. 28, 2009 (Serial No. 111-16, ASCII text and .pdf format, 99p.).

ASCII text:



VII. Websites of Interest:

35. MEDICARE.GOV WEBSITE UPDATES: The "Helpful Contacts", "Nursing Home Compare", and "Dialysis Facility Compare" pages were updated on Nov. 24, 2009. For all of's suite of interactive web databases see:


VIII. Bibliography Updates:

36. Panel Study of Income Dynamics: PSID at the University of Michigan has recently added the following aging related citations:

Alan, Sule, Attanasio, Orazio, and Browning, Martin. Estimating Euler Equations With Noisy Data: Two Exact GMM Estimators. Journal of Applied Econometrics. 2009, 24(2):309-324.

Chatterjee, Swarn. Preference for Retirement Plans among U.S. Government and Non-government Employees. International Advances Economic Research. 2009, 15366

Do, D. Phuong. The Dynamics of Income and Neighborhood Context for Population Health: Do Long-Term Measures of Socioeconomic Status Explain More than the Black/White Health Disparity than Single-Point-in-Time Measures. Social Science & Medicine. 2009, 68(8):1368-1375.

Fertig, Angela, Glomm, Gerhard, and Tchernis, Rusty. The Connection Between Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity: Inspecting the Mechanisms. Review of Economic Household. 2009, 7(3):227-255.

Geweke, John. A Mixture of Semiparametric Models. Iowa: University of Iowa, 2008 128 pgs.DAI-B 69/07, Jan 2009.

Grawe, Nathan D. Bequest Receipt and Family Size Effects. Economic Inquiry. 2009.

Guo, Chao and Peck, Laura R. Giving and Getting: Charitable Activity and Public Assistance. Administration & Society. 2009, 41(5):600-627.

James, Wesley Lynn. Has the Education and Health Relationship Changed Over Time? A Panel Analysis of Age, Period, and Cohort Effects. Mississippi: Mississippi State University, 2009 163 pgs.

Magnani, Elisabetta. How Does Technological Innovation and Diffusion Affect Inter-Industry Workers' Mobility?. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics. 2009, 20(_):16-37.

Rank, Mark R. Measuring the Economic Racial Divide Across the Course of American Lives. Race and Social Problems. 2009, 1(2):57-66.

Willson, Andrea E. 'Fundamental Causes' of Health Disparities: A Comparative Analysis of Canada and the United States. International Sociology. 2009, 24(93):93-113.


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706