Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #488 -- May 21, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. INTEGRATED PUBLIC USE MICRODATA UPDATE: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota announced on the release of several updates.

- May 13, 2009 Added four new variables describing subfamilies to 1880-2007 IPUMS samples and updated documentation.

- "The IPUMS-International project has recently added 19 samples to the data series, bringing the total number of samples to 130. The recently added samples include data for nine new countries: Armenia, Bolivia, Guinea, India, Italy, Jordan, Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia and Slovenia. In addition, we have extended the existing series of samples for France, Romania and South Africa. The new data release also includes GIS boundary files for mapping countries and major administrative divisions within countries."

The full content of the data series is summarized here:

Data Access:


2. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS DATA UPDATE: "National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." "NHANES III Linked Mortality File." "Restricted-use Data (Updated linkage--mortality data through 2006)" (May 2009). Note the restrictions under "Data Availability."


II. Reports and articles:


A. "International Update" (May 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.).

B. "SSI Monthly Statistics, April 2009" (May 2009, HTML and .pdf format).


4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "Attorney General Holder and HHS Secretary Sebelius Announce New Interagency Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Team" (May 20, 2009).



A. "Performance Data for the Senior Medicare Patrol Projects: May 2009 Performance Report (OEI-02-09-00170, May 2009, .pdf format, 95p.).


The Senior Medicare Patrol Projects receive grants from AoA to recruit retired professionals to serve as educators and resources in helping beneficiaries to detect and report fraud, waste, and abuse in the Medicare program. At least one project is located in each of the 50 States, as well as in the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Virgin Islands.

In 2008, the 57 projects had a total of 4,685 active volunteers. These volunteers educated beneficiaries in 6,869 group education sessions and held 24,505 one-on-one counseling sessions. In addition, the projects conducted 785,468 media outreach events and 5,742 community outreach education events. Medicare funds recovered attributable to the projects were $21,068 and total savings to Medicare, Medicaid, beneficiaries, and others were $65,735. The projects had fewer active volunteers in 2008, compared to the number in 2007. In addition, Medicare funds recovered and total savings to Medicare, Medicaid, beneficiaries, and others were lower in 2008, compared to totals in 2007.

In December 2005, AoA requested that OIG continue to collect and report performance data for the Senior Medicare Patrol Projects to support AoA's efforts to evaluate and improve the performance of these projects. OIG agreed to collect performance data every 6 months but to report the data on an annual basis.

We continue to emphasize that the number of beneficiaries who have learned from the Senior Medicare Patrol Projects to detect fraud, waste, and abuse and who subsequently call the OIG fraud hotline or other contacts cannot be tracked. Therefore, the projects may not be receiving full credit for savings attributable to their work. In addition, the projects are unable to track substantial savings derived from a sentinel effect whereby fraud and errors are reduced in light of Medicare beneficiaries' scrutiny of their bills.

B. "Advisory Opinion document 09-04 (concerning a non profit, tax-exempt, charitable organization's arrangement to provide financial assistance with cost-sharing obligations associated with certain advanced diagnostic testing owed by financially needy patients, including Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries)" (May 2009, .pdf format, 10p.).


6. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES MEDICARE AND MEDICAID STATISTICAL SUPPLEMENT TABLE UPDATES: The following tables have been updated (all .pdf and Microsoft Excel format): "Brief Summaries of Medicare and Medicaid"; "Figures 6.1-6.4 Medicare SNF"; and "Figures 7.1-7.3 Medicare Home Health Agency".


7. CANADIAN POLICY RESEARCH NETWORKS REPORT: "Moving Toward Health Service Integration: Provincial Progress in System Change for Seniors," by Margaret MacAdam (May 2009, .pdf format, 41p.).

Click on "Download" for link to full text.

More information about CPRN:


8. EUROPEAN UNION REPORT: "Joint report on social protection and social inclusion 2008: Social inclusion, pensions, healthcare and long-term care" (2009, .pdf format, 18p.).

Scroll to "PDF edition" for link to full text.



A. "Health Consequences of Early Retirement," by Clemens Tesch-Rer (AARP International Perspectives, May 2009).

B. "Closing a Gap in Medicare Drug Coverage: How to Help Millions of Beneficiaries Afford Needed Medication" (May 2009, .pdf format, 3p.).

C. The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

Maria Shriver Talks About Alzheimer's Disease (May 5, 2009).


10. BROOKINGS INSTITUTION REPORT: "A Guide to the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation," by Douglas J. Elliott (May 2009, .pdf format, 50p.).


11. NATIONAL COALITION ON CARE COORDINATION REPORT: "The Promise of Care Coordination: Models that Decrease Hospitalizations and Improve Outcomes for Medicare Beneficiaries with Chronic Illnesses," by Randall Brown (March 2009, .pdf format, 34p.).



A. "Update on Medicare Spending and Financing and Highlights from the 2009 Medicare Trustees' Report Chartpack" May 2009, .pdf format, 16p.).

B. "Medicare Spending and Financing Fact Sheet May 2009 Update" (.pdf format, 2p.).

C. "Health Insurance Coverage for Older Adults: Implications of a Medicare Buy-In," by Gretchen Jacobson, Karyn Schwartz and Tricia Neuman (Issue Brief, May 2009, .pdf format, 14p.).


13. PARDEE RAND CORPORATION GRADUATE SCHOOL DISSERTATION: _Retirement Decisions of Women and Men in Response to Their Own and Spousal Health_, by Serhii Ilchuk (2009, .pdf format, 191p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


14. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "Keeping a learned society young," by Herbert Dawid, Joshua R. Goldstein, Gustav Feichtinger, and Vladimir M. Veliov (Vol. 20, Article 22, May 2009, .pdf format, p. 541-558).


15. THE WEEKLY STANDARD ARTICLE: "A Scary Story: The coming entitlement crisis," by Matthew Continetti (Vol. 14, No. 34, May 25, 2009).



A. "Amyloid Formation by the Pro-Inflammatory S100A8/A9 Proteins in the Ageing Prostate," by Kiran Yanamandra, Oleg Alexeyev, Vladimir Zamotin, Vaibhav Srivastava, Andrei Shchukarev, Ann-Christin Brorsson, Gian Gaetano Tartaglia, Thomas Vogl, Rakez Kayed, Gunnar Wingsle, Jan Olsson, Christopher M. Dobson, Anders Bergh, Fredrik Elgh, and Ludmilla A. Morozova-Roche (PLoS ONE 4(5): e5562. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005562, May 2009, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 14p.).

B. "Overexpression of the Mitochondrial T3 Receptor Induces Skeletal Muscle Atrophy during Aging," by Franis Casas, Laurence Pessemesse, Stephanie Grandemange, Pascal Seyer, Olivier Baris, Naig Gueguen, Christelle Ramonatxo, Florence Perrin, Gilles Fouret, Laurence Lepourry, Gerard Cabello, and Chantal Wrutniak-Cabello (PLoS ONE 4(5): e5631. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005631, May 2009, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 14p.).


17. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Association Between Tamsulosin and Serious Ophthalmic Adverse Events in Older Men Following Cataract Surgery," by Chaim M. Bell, Wendy V. Hatch, Hadas D. Fischer, Geta Cernat, J. Michael Paterson, Andrea Gruneir, Sudeep S. Gill, Susan E. Bronskill, Geoffrey M. Anderson, and Paula A. Rochon (Vol. 301, No. 19, May 20, 2009, p. 1991-1996).



A. "More people should be supported to die at home, MPs say," by Clare Dyer (News extract, BMJ 2009;338:b1965, Vol. 338, No. 7704, May 16, 2009).

B. "Should hospices be exempt from following national cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines? Yes," by Max Watson, Alan McPherson, and Scott A. Murray (Head to Head extract, BMJ 2009;338:b965, Vol. 338, No. 7704, May 16, 2009).

C. "Should hospices be exempt from following national cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines? No," by Claud Regnard and Fiona Randall (Head to Head extract, BMJ 2009;338:b986, Vol. 338, No. 7704, May 16, 2009).

D. "Surgical treatments for men with benign prostatic enlargement: cost effectiveness study," by Nigel Armstrong, Luke Vale, Mark Deverill, Ghulam Nabi, Samuel McClinton, James N'Dow, and Robert Pickard (BMJ 2009;338:b1288, Vol. 338, No. 7704, May 16, 2009, HTML and .pdf format). This article is available free of charge.


III. Working Papers:


A. "Education and the Prevalence of Pain," by Steven J. Atlas and Jonathan S. Skinner (w14964, May 2009, .pdf format, 33p.).


Many Americans report chronic and disabling pain, even in the absence of identifiable clinical disorders. We first examine the prevalence of pain in the older U.S. population using the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Among 50-59 year females, for example, pain rates ranged from 26 percent for college graduates to 55 percent for those without a high school degree. Occupation, industry, and marital status attenuated but did not erase these educational gradients. Second, we used a study of patients with lower back pain and sciatica arising from intervertebral disk herniation (IDH). Initially, nearly all patients reported considerable pain and discomfort, with a sizeable fraction undergoing surgery for their IDH. However, baseline severity measures and surgical or medical treatment explained little of the variation in 10-year outcomes. By contrast, education exerted a strong impact on changes over time in pain: just 9 percent of college graduates report leg or back pain "always" or "almost always" after 10 years, compared to 34 percent for people without a high school degree. This close association of education with pain is consistent with recent research emphasizing the importance of neurological -- and perhaps economic -- factors in the perception of pain.

B. "Welfare Spending and Mortality Rates for the Elderly Before the Social Security Era," by Adrian Stoian and Price V. Fishback (w14970, May 2009, .pdf format, 67p.).


We analyze the impact of the original means-tested Old Age Assistance (OAA) programs on the health of the elderly prior to the first Social Security pension payments. Before 1935 a number of states had enacted their own OAA laws. After 1935 the federal government began offering matching grants and thus stimulated the adoption of OAA programs by the states. A new panel data set of 75 cities for each year between 1929 and 1938 combines mortality rates for older age groups with three measures of the OAA programs, spending on non-age-specific relief and a rich set of correlates. The data are analyzed using difference-in-difference-in-difference and instrumental variables methods. Our results suggest that Old Age Assistance in the 1930s had little impact on the death rate of the elderly. Our sense is that the OAA programs in the 1930s transferred the elderly from general relief programs without necessarily increasing the resources available to them.


20. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers: "Extending Life Cycle Models of Optimal Portfolio Choice: Integrating Flexible Work, Endogenous Retirement, and Investment Decisions with Lifetime Payouts," by Jingjing Chai, Wolfram Horneff, Raimond Maurer, and Olivia S. Mitchell (WP2009-04, May 2009, .pdf format, 31p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "Transfers, Consumption and Income over the Lifecycle in Germany," by Fanny Annemarie Kluge (WP-2009-014, May 2009, .pdf format, 23p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Trends in geographical mortality differentials in India," by Nandita Saikia, Domantas Jasilionis, Faujdar Ram, and Vladimir M. Shkolnikov (WP-2009-013, May 2009, .pdf format, 29p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

Links to full text are at the bottom of each page.



A. "What Explains Fertility? Evidence from Italian Pension Reforms," by Francesco C. Billari and Vincenzo Galasso (WP 2646, May 2009, .pdf format, 48p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "A Static Model for Voting on Social Security," by Henning Bohn (WP 2649, May 2009, .pdf format, 25p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "Well-Being over the Life Span: Semiparametric Evidence from British and German Longitudinal Data," by Christoph Wunder, Andrea Wiencierz, Johannes Schwarze, Helmut Kuchenhoff, Sara Kleyer, and Philipp Bleninger (Discussion Paper 4155, May 2009, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Population Aging, Elderly Migration and Education Spending: Intergenerational Conflict Revisited," by Mehmet S. Tosun, Claudia R. Williamson, Pavel Yakovlev (Discussion Paper 4161, May 2009, .pdf format, 30p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. Global Aging and Fiscal Policy with International Labor Mobility: A Political Economy Perspective," by Mehmet S. Tosun (Discussion Paper 4166, May 2009, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

24. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 49. No. 1, July/August 2009).


25. Canadian Journal on Aging (Vol. 27, No. 4, Winter 2008).


26. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. 35, No. 3, 2009).


27. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying: (Vol. 59, No. 1, 2009).


28. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 18, 2009:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 18, 2009:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 18, 2009:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Mar. 18, 2009:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of May 18, 2009:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of May. 18, 2009:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Recovery Act Limited Competition: Academic Research Enhancement Award (R15)," (RFA-OD-09-007, National Institute on Aging, April 24, 2009).

B. "NIH Clinical Trial Planning Grant Program (R34)" (PA-09-186, May 19, 2009, reissue of PA-06-363, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:



A. "Alzheimers Disease Supportive Services Program: Innovation Cooperative Agreements to Better Serve People with Alzheimers Disease and Related Disorders" (HHS-2009-AoA-AI-0910, Microsoft Word format, application deadline Jul. 6, 2009). information see:

B. "Aging Network Business Practice, Planning and Program Development" (HHS-2009-AoA-PG-0913, Microsoft Word format, application deadline Jul. 8, 2009).

C. "Community Innovations In Aging In Place (CIAIP)" (HHS-2009-AoA-AP-0914, Microsoft Word format, application deadline Jul. 15, 2009).

Information and applications for all three are available at:


31. DUKE UNIVERSITY POPULATION RESEARCH INSTITUTE (DuPRI): "The Demography Training Program in the Duke Population Research Institute DuPRI) is accepting applications for Post-Doctoral Fellowship appointments in the Social, Medical, and Economic Demography of Aging to begin immediately or during the 2009-2010 academic year. Applicants should have completed, or be scheduled to complete, a Ph.D. in Demography, Sociology, Economics, or Public Policy, preferably with training in demography and aging. Appointments can be made for two years. Salary levels are determined by National Institutes on Health guidelines. Send applications (Curriculum Vitae, statement of past and future research interests, and names of 3 references) to:

Kenneth C. Land
Duke Population Research Institute
Department of Sociology
PO Box 90088
Duke University
Durham, NC 27708-0088

or email to:


32. OASIS INSTITUTE [ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI]: "The OASIS Institute, a national non-profit education organization for older adults with sites across the US, has an opening at the national office for a National Health Director. Since its founding in 1982, OASIS has built one of the most experienced and successful organizations providing opportunities for people 50 and older to challenge the mind, improve health, connect with others, build skills, and serve the community. The National Health Director will serve as the lead on the implementation and evaluation of OASIS' award winning health promotion programs and evidence-based health programs nationally and will serve as a primary contact for OASIS at the national level.The National Health Director will report to the President of The OASIS Institute.

Location: 7710 Carondelet Suite 125, St. Louis, MO 63105

Qualifications of the Ideal Candidate:

A health professional with a graduate degree, preferably PhD level, in gerontology, health education/promotion, health sciences research or social work.

Experience with evaluation including statistical analyses.

A competent trainer who can work with volunteers and paid staff.

Detail oriented with experience in project management including developing and overseeing large budgets.

Experience working with older adults and community organizations with diverse populations.

Proven grant writing experience.


Directs the dissemination and evaluation of evidence-based health promotion/disease prevention programs and activities for implementation at 26 sites nationally.

Serves as Project Director and Evaluator for national and local grants.

Develops and manages multiple health budgets.

Trains, hires and supervises health program staff and consultants.

Writes grant proposals to national and local foundations and government agencies.

Develops and oversees national health evaluation database.

Works as primary liaison to national research group.

Provides support, training and technical assistance to OASIS sites nationally and assists with implementation strategies including securing local sponsorship.

Serves on national health associations to represent OASIS.

Presents health information on webpage and at national organization meetings.

Please forward any resumes to Mary Baskerville at or at the address above."


33. EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH [VIENNA, AUSTRIA]: "Senior Health Economist/Social Policy Analyst: European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research: One or two positions, with a specialisation in either health care; long-term care; or both" (Application deadline, Jun. 19, 2009, .pdf format, 2p.).


34. AGEWORK.COM: Agework has updated its employment page with listings through May 21, 2009.


VI. Conferences:

35. OXFORD [UK] UNIVERSITY INSTITUTE OF AGEING: "Ageing in Latin America: Developing the Research Agenda," to be held in Oxford, UK, Jul. 2-3, 2009. For more information see:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

36. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "No Guarantees: As Pension Plans Crumble, Can PBGC Deliver?" a hearing held May 20, 2009 (.pdf format). In addition to the print testimonies, a complete video transcript of the hearing (running time: 2 hours 5 minutes, 48 seconds) is available at the site.


37. AUSTRALIAN SENATE STANDING COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION HEARING REPORT: "Inquiry into residential and community aged care in Australia" (April 2009, .pdf format, 153p.).


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706