Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #482 -- April 9, 2009.

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT SURVEY UPDATE: "RAND HRS Data File, Supported by NIA (US National Institute on Aging) and SSA (US Social Security Administration) (v.I)" has been updated as of March 2009. For more information see:


II. Reports and articles:

2. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ACTUARY REPORT: "Projections of Immigration for the 2008 Social Security Trustees Report," by Alice H. Wade, J. Patrick Skirvin, Alvin K. Winters, and Stephen C. Goss (Actuarial Notes 148, March 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).



A. "Medicare Home Health Agencies" (tables 7.1-7.7, April 2009, .pdf and Microsoft Excel [compressed and uncompressed] format).

B. "Medicare Announces Funding for State Health Insurance Counseling Programs for 2009" (Apr. 3, 2009).

C. "CMS Issues 2010 Payment Information for Part C Medicare Advantage Plans and Part D Prescription Drug Plans" (Apr. 6, 2009).

D. "Positron Emission Tomography (FDG) for Solid Tumors" (Final Decision Memo, April 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 34p.).


4. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING NEWSLETTER: The Latest AoA Enews (April 2009, Microsoft Word forma) is available at the AoA website. Click on "View Current Issue."


5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Home Modifications: Use, Cost, and Interactions with Functioning Among Near-Elderly and Older Adults," by Vicki A. Freedman and Emily M. Agree (October 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 30p.).


6. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS: "Encouraging Participation in 401(k) Plans: Reconsidering the Employer Match," by Keenan Dworak-Fisher (November 2008, .pdf format, 46p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "Funding boost for Home and Community Care in the ACT (Australian Capital Territory)" (Apr. 7, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Transition care: helping older Canberrans regain their independence" (Apr. 7, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).


8. MALTA NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE NEWS RELEASE: "Government expenditure on Social Security Benefits: 2008" (Apr. 6, 2009, .pdf format, 5p.).



A. "Heavy share prices losses for pension funds and insurance companies," by Ali Davarci (Apr. 7, 2009).

B. "More very old people without offspring in 2050," by Coen van Duin (Apr. 2, 2009).


10. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "LinkAge Plus: Capacity building-- enabling and empowering older people as independent and active citizens," by Martin Willis and Robert Dalziel (Research Report No. 571, 2009, .pdf format, 74p.).


11. AARP RESEARCH REPORT: "The Boomer Factor: Rethinking an Underutilized Workforce in Nevada," by Jennifer H. Sauer (April 2009, .pdf format).


12. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: EBRI Notes (Vol. 30, No. 4, April 2009, .pdf format, 11p.). This month's lead article is: "Public Pension Plan Asset Allocations," by Youngkyun Park.


13. HELPTHEAGED.ORG.UK REPORT: "One Voice: Shaping our ageing society" (Age Concern, April 2009, .pdf format, 67p.). The report is linked to from a news release: "Older People's Lives are Getting Worse, According to New Charity for Older People" (Apr. 7, 2009). Click on title next to "Download" for link to full text.

More information about



A. "Synaptic transmission block by presynaptic injection of oligomeric amyloid beta," by Herman Moreno, Eunah Yu, Gustavo Pigino, Alejandro I. Hernandez, Natalia Kim, Jorge E. Moreira, Mutsuyuki Sugimori, and Rodolfo R. Llinas (Vol. 106, No. 14, Apr. 7, 2009, p. 5901-5906).

B. "Disruption of fast axonal transport is a pathogenic mechanism for intraneuronal amyloid beta," by G. Pigino, G. Morfini, Y. Atagi, A. Deshpande, C. Yu, L. Jungbauer, M. LaDu, J. Busciglio, and S. Brady (Vol. 106, No. 14, Apr. 7, 2009, p. 5907-5912).



A. "Amyloid precursor protein secretases as therapeutic targets for traumatic brain injury," by David J Loane, Ana Pocivavsek, Charbel E.-H. Moussa, Rachel Thompson, Yasuji Matsuoka, Alan I. Faden, G. William Rebeck, and Mark P. Burns (Vol. 15, No. 4, April 2009, p. 377-379).

B. "Estrogen-dependent and C-C chemokine receptor-2--dependent pathways determine osteoclast behavior in osteoporosis," by Nikolaus B. Binder, Birgit Niederreiter, Oskar Hoffmann, Richard Stange, Thomas Pap, Thomas M. Stulnig, Matthias Mack, Reinhold G. Erben, Josef S. Smolen, and Kurt Redlich (Vol. 15, No. 4, April 2009, p. 417-424).


16. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "S-Nitrosylation of Drp1 Mediates {beta}-Amyloid-Related Mitochondrial Fission and Neuronal Injury," by Dong-Hyung Cho, Tomohiro Nakamura, Jianguo Fang, Piotr Cieplak, Adam Godzik, Zezong Gu, and Stuart A. Lipton (Vol. 324, No. 5923, Apr. 3, 2009, p. 102-105).


17. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder Among Older Adults in Primary Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial," by Melinda A. Stanley, Nancy L. Wilson, Diane M. Novy, Howard M. Rhoades, Paula D. Wagener, Anthony J. Greisinger, Jeffrey A. Cully, and Mark E. Kunik (Vol. 301, No. 14, Apr. 8, 2009, p. 1460-1467).



A. "Five yearly checks for over 40s will save 650 lives a year, says government," by Zosia Kmietowicz (BMJ 2009,338:b1334, Mar. 31, 2009).

B. "UK doctors' attitude to assisted dying differs strongly from the public's," by Roger Dobson (BMJ 2009,338:b1338, Apr. 1, 2009).


19. LANCET ONCOLOGY ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Lancet Oncology requires free registration before providing articles. "Quality of life in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer given endocrine treatment with or without radiotherapy: 4-year follow-up of SPCG-7/SFUO-3, an open-label, randomised, phase III trial," by Per Fransson, Jo-Asmund Lund, Jan-Erik Damber, Olbjorn Klepp, Fredrik Wiklund, Sophie Fossa, and Anders Widmark (Vol. 10, No. 4, April 2009, p. 370-380).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Technology Diffusion and Productivity Growth in Health Care," by Jonathan Skinner and Douglas Staiger (w14865. April 2009, .pdf format, 47p.).


Inefficiency in the U.S. health care system has often been characterized as "flat of the curve" spending providing little or no incremental value. In this paper, we draw on macroeconomic models of diffusion and productivity to better explain the empirical patterns of outcome improvements in heart attacks (acute myocardial infarction). In these models, small differences in the propensity to adopt technology can lead to wide and persistent productivity differences across countries -- or in our case, hospitals. Theoretical implications are tested using U.S. Medicare data on survival and factor inputs for 2.8 million heart attack patients during 1986-2004. We find that the speed of diffusion for highly efficient and often low-cost innovations such as beta blockers, aspirin, and primary reperfusion explain a large fraction of persistent variations in productivity, and swamp the impact of traditional factor inputs. Holding technology constant, the marginal gains from spending on heart attack treatments appear positive but quite modest. Hospitals which during the period 1994/95 to 2003/04 raised their rate of technology diffusion (the "tigers") experienced outcome gains four times the gains in hospitals with diminished rates of diffusion (the "tortoises"). Survival rates in low-diffusion hospitals lag by as much as a decade behind high-diffusion hospitals, raising the question of why some hospitals (and the physicians who work there) adopt so slowly.

B. "How does simplified disclosure affect individuals' mutual fund choices?" by John Beshears, James J. Choi, David Laibson, and Brigitte C. Madrian (w14859, April 2009, .pdf format, 27p.).


We use an experiment to estimate the effect of the SECs Summary Prospectus, which simplifies mutual fund disclosure. Our subjects chose an equity portfolio and a bond portfolio. Subjects received either statutory prospectuses or Summary Prospectuses. We find no evidence that the Summary Prospectus affects portfolio choices. Our experiment sheds new light on the scope of investor confusion about sales loads. Even with a one-month investment horizon, subjects do not avoid loads. Subjects are either confused about loads, overlook them, or believe their chosen portfolio has an annualized log return that is 24 percentage points higher than the load-minimizing portfolio.


21. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH: "How Much Do Households Really Lose By Claiming Social Security at Age 62?" by Wei Sun and Anthony Webb (WP 2009-11, April 2009, .pdf format, 28p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


22. HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL: "Can a Continuously-Liquidating Tontine (or Mutual Inheritance Fund) Succeed where Immediate Annuities Have Floundered?" by Julio J. Rotemberg (No. 09-121, April 2009, .pdf format, 9p.).


A new instrument (the Mutual Inheritance Fund or MIF) is proposed whose purpose is to help people carry their savings forward from the moment they retire into their old age. Like annuities, this instrument requires an up-front payment before people receive any benefits while also protecting people from the risk that they will live a long time. The funds that individuals contribute to a MIF are invested in a mutual fund. The proceeds from the fund's underlying assets are reinvested until the contributor dies or he turns an age specified in advance. If a contributor dies before this pre-specified age, his shares are liquidated and the proceeds are distributed to the other contributors to the MIF. Contributors who are alive at the pre-specified age are also paid the value of their accumulated shares. Like tontines, of which MIF is a variant, this instrument has returns that are more tilted towards old age than annuities. Several advantages of this are discussed, including some that may explain why tontines have proven popular with consumers in the past.


23. WORLD BANK POLICY RESEARCH PROGRAMME: "Enabling conditions for second pillars of pension systems," by Heinz Rudolph and Roberto Rocha (WPS 4890, April 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 25p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


24. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Pension reform in Chile revisited: what has been learned?" by (Employment, Social and Migration Working paper No. 86, 2009, .pdf format, 89p.). Links to a summary and full text are available at:,3425,en_2649_34757_42544782_119684_1_1_1,00.html


25. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTRE UK: "Weathering the downturn: What is the future for Lifetime Neighbourhoods?" edited by Ed Harding (April 2009, .pdf format, 27p.). Link to full text is available at the bottom of the page.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

26. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 13, No. 2, 2009).

27. International Social Security Review (Vol. 62, No. 2, April/June 2009).

28. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 57, No. 4, April 2009).


29. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Apr. 8, 2009:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Apr. 8, 2009:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Apr. 8, 2009:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Apr. 8, 2009:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Apr. 8, 2009:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Apr. 8, 2009:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

30. UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO BOOK: Health at Older Ages, edited by David M. Cutler and David A. Wise (2009, 512p., ISBN: 9780226132310). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities:

31. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Recovery Act Limited Competition: Supporting New Faculty Recruitment to Enhance Research Resources through Biomedical Research Core Centers (P30)" (RFA-OD-09-005, Mar. 30, 2009, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:


VII. Conferences/Employment Opportunities:

32. PIONEER NETWORK: "Coming Together. Creating Community: Pioneer Networks 9th National Conference," to be held Aug. 12-14, 2009, in Little Rock, Arkansas. For more information see:

More information about PN:



2nd Annual Interdisciplinary Geriatrics Symposium 2009: Addressing the Clinical Challenges of Elder Care, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, Apr. 25, 2009.

CIG Symposium 2009: DNA Repair and Human Health, Lausanne, Switzerland, Jun. 10, 2009

The Greying Nation: Keeping Ahead of the Wave, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Jun. 10, 2009

2009 Florida Conference on Aging, St. Pete Beach, Aug. 24, 2009

Miniresidency in Nursing Home and Long-term Care for the Dental Team, St. Paul, Minnesota, Oct. 7, 2009 Gerontology Conferences Worldwide:


34. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Apr. 9, 2009.


VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

35. US HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES HEARING PUBLICATIONS: "Fairness in Nursing Home Arbitration Act of 2008," a hearing held Jun. 10, 2008 (House Serial Publication no. 110-182, ASCII text and .pdf format, 82p.)

Scroll to or find in page "Fairness in Nursing Home Arbitration Act of 2008" (without the quotes).


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706