Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #476 -- February 26, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. US CENSUS BUREAU NEWS RELEASE: "As Baby Boomers Age, Fewer Families Have Children . The release links to a detailed tables concerning: "Americas Families and Living Arrangements: 2008" (Microsoft Excel and comma separated value [.csv] format). The data is taken from the March 2008 Current Population Survey.


2. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Older Workers: Enhanced Communication among Federal Agencies Could Improve Strategies for Hiring and Retaining Experienced Workers" (GAO-09-206, February 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 46p.).


3. MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT ARTICLE: "Racial Disparities in Total Knee Replacement Among Medicare Enrollees --- United States, 2000--2006," (US Centers for Disease Control, Vol. 58, No. 6, February 20, 2009, .pdf and HTML format, p. 133-138).





A. "More Help for Older Victorians Affected by Bushfires" (Feb. 25, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

B. "Energy Efficient Homes Package -- Nursing Homes" (Feb. 24, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).


5. IRELAND DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND CHILDREN/ANN ROINN SLAINTE AGUS LEANAI PRESS RELEASE: "Nursing Homes Support Scheme Bill completes Second Stage in Dail Eireann" (Feb. 19, 2009).

Details of the scheme:


6. MINISTRY OF HEALTH, LABOUR AND WELFARE [JAPAN] REPORT: "Annual Health, Labour and Welfare Report 2007-2008." Three sections of the report have been recently added that pertain to aging (all in .pdf format):

Operation of a Long-Term Care Insurance System and Promotion of Related Measure.

Creation of a Society Where People can Work regardless of Age

Building a Sustainable and Secure Pension System

Annual Health, Labor, and Welfare Report 2007-2008:


7. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Moneys Worth of Pension Annuities," by Edmund Cannon and Ian Tonks (February 2009, .pdf format, 73p.).


8. UK NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE ARTICLE: "Private pension contributions: Updated Estimates 1995-2007," by David Miller (February 2009, .pdf format, 8p.).


9. CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES REPORT: "Curbing Medicare Advantage Overpayments Could Benefit Millions Of Low-Income And Minority Americans," by January Angeles and Edwin Park (February 2009, ASCII text and .pdf format, 8p.).

More information about CBPP:


10. NATIONAL CENTER FOR POLICY ANALYSIS REPORT: "Measuring the Unfunded Obligations of European Countries," by Jagadeesh Gokhale (January 2009, .pdf format, 27p.).

More information about CPA:


11. URBAN INSTITUTE BRIEF: "It's Not Easy Being Gray: The New Rules of Retirement" (February 2009, .pdf format, 8p.).



A. "Twins and Aging: How Not to Look Old," by John Cloud (Vol. 173, No. 9, Mar. 2, 2009).,8599,1877717,00.html

B. "Bunking In with Mom and Dad," by Laura Koss-Feder (Vol. 173, No. 9, Mar. 2, 2009).,9171,1880642,00.html


13. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "Her Cups Runneth Over: Barbie turns 50--she looks good, doesn't she?--and gets dueling biographies as a gift," by Eliza Gray (Mar. 2, 2009).


14. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE ARTICLE: "Improved Learning and Memory in Aged Mice Deficient in Amyloid {beta}-Degrading Neutral Endopeptidase," by Thomas Walther, Doris Albrecht, Matthias Becker, Manja Schubert, Elena Kouznetsova, Burkard Wiesner, Bjorn Maul, Reinhard Schliebs, Gisela Grecksch, Jens Furkert, Anja Sterner-Kock, Heinz-Peter Schultheiss, Axel Becker, and Wolf-Eberhard Siems (PLoS ONE 4(2): e4590. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004590, HTML, XML, and .pdf format, 11p.).



A. "Association of FOXO3A variation with human longevity confirmed in German centenarians," by Friederike Flachsbart, Amke Caliebe, Rabea Kleindorp, Helene Blanche, Huberta von Eller-Eberstein, Susanna Nikolaus, Stefan Schreiber, and Almut Nebel (Vol. 106, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2009, p. 2700-2705).

B. "A role for epithelial-mesenchymal transition in the etiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia," by Paloma Alonso-Magdalenaa, Clemens Brossner, Angelika Reiner, Guojun Chenga, Nobuhiro Sugiyamaa, Margaret Warnera, and Jan-Ake Gustafsson (Vol. 106, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2009, p. 2859-2863).

C. "Reduction of scale invariance of activity fluctuations with aging and Alzheimer's disease: Involvement of the circadian pacemaker," by Kun Hu, Eus J.W. Van Someren, Steven A. Shea, and Frank A.J.L. Scheer (Vol. 106, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2009, p. 2490-2494).

D. "Dysregulation of CalDAG-GEFI and CalDAG-GEFII predicts the severity of motor side-effects induced by anti-parkinsonian therapy," by Jill R. Crittenden, Ippolita Cantuti-Castelvetri, Esen Saka, Christine E. Keller-McGandy, Ledia F. Hernandez, Lauren R. Kett, Anne B. Young, David G. Standaert, and Ann M. Graybiel (Vol. 106, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2009, p. 2892-2896).

E. "Nrf2-mediated neuroprotection in the MPTP mouse model of Parkinson's disease: Critical role for the astrocyte," by Pei-Chun Chen, Marcelo R. Vargas, Amar K. Pani, Richard J. Smeyne, Delinda A. Johnson, Yuet Wai Kan, and Jeffrey A. Johnson (Vol. 106, No. 8, Feb. 24, 2009, p. 2933-2938).


16. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Stress-Inducible Regulation of Heat Shock Factor 1 by the Deacetylase SIRT1," by Sandy D. Westerheide, Julius Anckar, Stanley M. Stevens, Jr. Lea Sistonen, and Richard I. Morimoto (Vol. 323, No. 5917, Feb. 20, 2009, p. 1063-1066).



A. "Outcome of depression in later life in primary care: longitudinal cohort study with three years follow-up," by E. Licht-Strunk, H.W.J. Van Marwijk, T. Hoekstra, J.W.R. Twisk, M. De Haan, and A.T.F. Beekman (BMJ 2009;338:a3079, Feb. 19, 2009).

B. "Spending money on end of life drugs will divert resources from prevention and chronic care, MPs told," by Oona Mashta (BMJ 2009;338:b647, Feb. 18, 2009).

C. "Older Americans are not as healthy as older Europeans, study says," by Janice Hopkins Tanne (BMJ 2009;338:b675, Feb. 18, 2009).


II. Working Papers:

18. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Technological Changes and Employment of Older Manufacturing Workers in Early Twentieth Century America," by Chulhee Lee (w14746, February 2009, .pdf format, 46p.).


This study explores how technological, organizational, and managerial changes affected the labor-market status of older male manufacturing workers in early twentieth century America. Industrial characteristics that were favorably related to the labor-market status of older industrial workers include: higher labor productivity, less capital- and material-intensive production, a shorter workday, lower intensity of work, greater job flexibility, and more formalized employment relationship. Technical innovations that improved productivity often negatively affected the quality of the work environment of older workers. These results suggest that the technological transformations in the Industrial Era brought mixed consequences to the labor-market status of older workers. On one hand, technical and organizational modifications improved the elderly workers employment prospect by raising labor productivity, diminishing hours of work, and formalizing employment relations. On the other hand, some types of technical innovations, which are characterized by additional requirements for physical strength, mental agility, and ability to acquire new skills, forced older workers out of their jobs. Since the pace and nature of technical change considerably differed across industries, and possibly across firms within the same industry, the labor-market experiences of individual older workers should have been highly heterogeneous.



A. "Generational Policy and the Macroeconomic Measurement of Tax Incidence," by Juan Carlos Conesa and Carlos Garriga (WP 2009-003A, January 2009, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Estate Taxation with Warm-Glow Altruism," by Carlos Garriga and Fernando Sanchez-Losada (WP 2009-004A, January 2009, .pdf format, 22p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


20. ESRC RESEARCH CENTRE FOR ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION (CASE) [LONDON (UK) SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS]: "The Effect of Health on Consumption Decisions in Later Life: Evidence from the UK," by Eleni Karagiannaki (CASE/136, January 2009, .pdf format, 41p.).


The analysis in this paper focuses on the impact of health on the savings and consumption decisions of the elderly. In principle, there are at least five alternative channels through which health may affect consumption and savings. Ill health may affect both consumption capacities and needs while the risk of deteriorating health might increase subjective mortality expectations inducing higher consumption. Conversely ill health may induce lower consumption and an increase in precautionary savings given that agents may anticipate increased consumption needs following a negative health shock. Our main objective in this paper is to describe how consumption decisions of the elderly adjust to health changes and to disentangle of the different channels through which consumption responds to health changes. To identify the effect of health on consumption and saving decisions we use data from the British Household Panel Survey and the English Longitudinal Survey of Ageing (ELSA) and we estimate a series of regression models which relate health changes to observed consumption changes. Our findings suggest that there are significant adjustments in the composition of consumption following an illness onset. These adjustments reflect mainly the combined effect of increased costs associated with illness onset as well as the effect of constraints on opportunity to spend associated with illness onset.



A. "Policies for Healthy Ageing: An Overview," by Howard Oxley (WP No. 42, 2009, .pdf format, 32p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:,3425,en_2649_33929_42223436_119684_1_1_1,00.html

B. "Reforming the tax system in Korea to promote economic growth and cope with rapid population ageing," by Randall S. Jones (Economics Department Working Paper 671, 2009, .pdf format, 44p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:,3425,en_2649_34597_42218893_119684_1_1_1,00.html



A. "Shattered Dreams: The Effects of Changing the Pension System Late in the Game," by Andries de Grip, Maarten Lindeboom and Raymond Montizaan (Discussion Paper 4034, February 2009, .pdf format, 36p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Understanding the Labour Market for Older Workers: A Survey," by John S. Heywood, W. Stanley Siebert (Discussion Paper 4033, February 2009, .pdf format, 24p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 21, No. 1, February 2009).

24. Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 52, No. 1, 2009).


25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Feb. 25, 2009:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 25, 2009:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 25, 2009:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Feb. 25, 2009:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Feb. 25, 2009:

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Feb. 25, 2009:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


IV. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Alzheimer's Disease Core Centers (P30)" (RFA-AG-10-001, reissue of RFA-AG-05-010, Feb. 20, 2009, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

B. "Alzheimer's Disease Research Centers (P50)" (RFA-AG-10-002, reissue of RFA-AG-09-001, Feb. 20, 2009, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:


27. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Feb. 26, 2009.


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
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