Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #472--January 29, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. SURVEY OF HEALTH, AGEING, AND RETIREMENT IN EUROPE: 50+ IN EUROPE UPDATE: The SHARE project has recently made Wave 2 of the survey available. For more information, including access information, see:[tt_news]=14&tx_ttnews[backPid]=98&cHash=8ab0d7e643

Note: if the part of the URL is not live, simply cut and paste the entire URL into your browser.

SHARE Project:


II. Reports and articles:


A. "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in California: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW04-CA, January 2009, .pdf format, 12p.).

B. "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Alabama: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW04-CA, January 2009, .pdf format, 12p.).

Both are available at:


3. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID STATISTICAL SUPPLEMENT UPDATES, REPORTS: (all statistical updates January 2009, .pdf and .zip compressed .pdf format).

A. "Figures 2.1-2.3 Medicare Enrollment"

B. "Figures 12.1-12.10 Medicare Managed Care"

C. "Figures 11.1-11.2 Medicare ESRD"

D. "Medicare Enrollment: National Trends 1966-2008: Medicare Aged and Disabled Enrollees by Type of Coverage: All Areas, as of July 1, 1966-2008 Hospital Insurance" (January 2009, .pdf format, 1p.).


4. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION OFFICE OF POLLCY REPORT: "A Progressivity Index for Social Security," by Andrew G. Biggs, Mark Sarney, and Christopher R. Tamborini (Issue Paper No. 2009-01, January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 20p.).




5. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Medicare: Callers Can Access 1-800-MEDICARE Services, but Responsibility within CMS for Limited English Proficiency Plan Unclear" (GAO-09-104, December 2008, .pdf format, 58p.).


6. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Medicare Administrative Law Judge Hearings: Update, 2007--2008" (OEI-02-06-00111, January 2009, .pdf format, 14p.).


7. UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND REPORT: "Papers in Population Ageing No. 5, Population Ageing and the Well-Being of Older Persons in Thailand: Past trends, current situation and future challenges" (January 2009, .pdf format, 76p.).


8. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "Australian Government Imposes Sanctions on WA Nursing Home in Derby" (Jan. 27, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).


9. GERMAN FEDERAL STATISTICAL OFFICE STATMAGAZIN ARTICLE: "Minimum social security in Germany" (December 2008).,templateId=renderPrint.psml__nnn=true


10. JAPAN MINISTRY OF HEALTH, LABOUR, AND WELFARE REPORT: "Employment Measures for Older People in Japan" (2008, .pdf format, 34p.).


11. STATISTICS SWEDEN PRESS RELEASE: "40 year old men have highest incomes" (Jan. 22, 2009). The press release links to a topical publication, in Swedish.


12. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSION REPORT: "LinkAge Plus: Benefits for older people," by Guy Daly (Research Report 554, 2009, .pdf format, 89p.).



A. "Social Security State Quick Fact Sheets: 2008" (January 2009, .pdf format). The latest factsheets are linked to at the bottom of the page.

B. "Making Work More Flexible: Opportunities and Evidence," by Melissa A. Hardy (November 2008, .pdf format, 23p.).

C. "The Impact of the Financial Crisis on Older Americans," by Sandy Mackenzie (December 2008, .pdf format, 18p.).

D. "Legal Needs of Older Ohioans: A 2008 Survey," by Brittne M. Nelson, Rhonda Y. Moore, and Thomas G. Bedall (December 2008, .pdf format, 48p.).

E. "AARP Member Opinions on Supportive Services in Georgia," by Katherine Bridges (December 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).

F. "2008 Survey of AARP Members in Maryland on Caregiving," by Terri Guengerich (December 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).

G. The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

Love and Death--Jan. 27, 2009

Caregiving in the New Millennium--Jan. 27, 2009

WWI Veteran--Jan. 27, 2009

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:


14. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE REPORT UPDATE: "401(k) Balances and Changes Due to Market Volatility--Data to January 20, 2009" (January 2009, .pdf format).


15. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU REPORT: "Social Security Systems Around the World" (in Today's Research on Aging, Issue 15, January 2009, .pdf format, 4p.).


16. SLOAN CENTER ON AGING AND WORK (BOSTON COLLEGE) ISSUE BRIEF: "Workplace Flexibility: Findings from the Age & Generations Study," by Marcie Pitt-Catsouphes, Christina Matz-Costa, and Elyssa Besen (Issue Brief 19, January 2009, .pdf format, 21p.).


17. C.D. HOWE INSTITUTE (TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA) BACKGROUNDER: "Safe Harbours: Providing Protection for Canadas Money-Purchase Plan Sponsors," by William B.P. Robson (The Pension Papers No. 110, January 2009, .pdf format, 7p.).

More information about CDHI:


18. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF PENSION FUNDS (UK) REPORT: "Pension Provision and the Economic Crisis," (January 2009, .pdf format, 19p.).


19. NATURE NEUROSCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Collagen VI protects neurons against A{beta} toxicity," by Jason S. Cheng, Dena B. Dubal, Daniel H. Kim, Justin Legleiter, Irene H. Cheng, Gui-Qiu Yu, Ina Tesseur, Tony Wyss-Coray, Paolo Bonaldo and Lennart Mucke (Vol. 12, No. 2, February 2009, p. 119-121).


20. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE MEDICINE ARTICLE: "Reduced Glomerular Filtration Rate and Its Association with Clinical Outcome in Older Patients at Risk of Vascular Events: Secondary Analysis," by Ian Ford, Vladimir Bezlyak, David J. Stott, Naveed Sattar, Chris J. Packard, Ivan Perry, Brendan M. Buckley, J. Wouter Jukema, Anton J. M. de Craen, Rudi G. J. Westendorp, and James Shepherd (PLoS Med 6(1): e1000016 doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000016, XML, HTML, and .pdf format, 7p.).



A. "A network biology approach to aging in yeast," by David R. Lorenz, Charles R. Cantor, and James J. Collins (Vol. 106, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1145-1150). Note: this article is available free of charge.

B. "Aging-related loss of the chromatin protein HMGB2 in articular cartilage is linked to reduced cellularity and osteoarthritis," by Noboru Taniguchi, Beatriz Carames, Lorenza Ronfani, Ulrich Ulmer, Setsuro Komiya, Marco E. Bianchib, and Martin Lotza (Vol. 106, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2009, format, p. 1181-1186).

C. "Caloric restriction improves memory in elderly humans," by A. V. Witte, M. Fobkerb, R. Gellner, S. Knecht and A. Floelad (Vol. 106, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2009, format, p. 1255-1260).

D. "Selective targeting of perivascular macrophages for clearance of {beta}-amyloid in cerebral amyloid angiopathy," by Cheryl A. Hawkes and JoAnne McLaurin (Vol. 106, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2009, format, p. 1261-1266).

E. "GLP-1 receptor stimulation preserves primary cortical and dopaminergic neurons in cellular and rodent models of stroke and Parkinsonism," by Yazhou Li, TracyAnn Perry, Mark S. Kindy, Brandon K. Harvey, David Tweedie, Harold W. Holloway, Kathleen Powers, Hui Shen, Josephine M. Egan, Kumar Sambamurti, Arnold Brossi, Debomoy K. Lahiri, Mark P. Mattson, Barry J. Hoffer, Yun Wang, and Nigel H. Greig (Vol. 106, No. 4, Jan. 27, 2009, format, p. 1285-1290).


22. MEDSCAPE ARTICLE: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles: "Plasma Fatty Acid Composition and Incident Heart Failure in Middle-Aged Adults: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study," by Kazumasa Yamagishi, Jennifer A. Nettleton, and Aaron R. Folsom (American Heart Journal, Vol. 156, No. 5, p. 965-974, via Medscape).



A. "BNP-Guided vs Symptom-Guided Heart Failure Therapy: The Trial of Intensified vs Standard Medical Therapy in Elderly Patients With Congestive Heart Failure (TIME-CHF) Randomized Trial," by Matthias Pfisterer; Peter Buser; Hans Rickli; Marc Gutmann; Paul Erne; Peter Rickenbacher; Andre Vuillomenet; Urs Jeker; Paul Dubach; Hansjurg Beer; Se-Il Yoon; Thomas Suter; Hans H. Osterhues; Michael M. Schieber; Patrick Hilti; Ruth Schindler; Hans-Peter Brunner-La Rocca (Vol. 301, No. 4, Jan. 28, 2009, p. 383-392).

B. "Cytomegalovirus Antibody Level and Mortality Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults With Stable Cardiovascular Disease," by Timo E. Strandberg, Kaisu H. Pitkala, and Reijo S. Tilvis (Vol. 301, No. 4, Jan. 28, 2009, p. 380-382).


24. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE PERSPECTIVE: "Fighting On," by Jeffrey M. Drazen, Nihar R. Desai, and Philip Green (Vol. 360, No. 5, Jan. 29, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, p. 444-445). This article is available free of charge.



A. "Effectiveness of acute geriatric units on functional decline, living at home, and case fatality among older patients admitted to hospital for acute medical disorders: meta-analysis," by Juan J. Baztan, Francisco M. Suarez-Garcia, Jesus Lopez-Arrieta, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, and Fernando Rodruez-Artalejo (BMJ 2009;338:b50, Jan. 22, 2009).

B. "Abuse of people with dementia by family carers: representative cross sectional survey," by Claudia Cooper, Amber Selwood, Martin Blanchard, Zuzana Walker, Robert Blizard, and Gill Livingston (BMJ 2009;338:b155, Jan. 22, 2009).

C. "HIV infection, antiretroviral treatment, ageing, and non-AIDS related morbidity," by Steven G. Deeks and Andrew N. Phillips (BMJ 2009;338:a3172, Jan. 26, 2009).


26. LANCET ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Endocrine treatment, with or without radiotherapy, in locally advanced prostate cancer (SPCG-7/SFUO-3): an open randomised phase III trial," by Anders Widmark, Olbjorn Klepp, Arne Solberg, Jan-Erik Damber, Anders Angelsen, Per Fransson, Jo-Asmund Lund, Ilker Tasdemir, Morten Hoyer, Fredrik Wiklund, and Sophie D. Fossa (Vol. 373, No. 9660, Jan. 24, 2009, p. 301-308).


III. Working Papers:

27. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Retirement Income Security and Well-Being in Canada," by Michael Baker, Jonathan Gruber, and Kevin S. Milligan (w14667, January 2009, .pdf format, 44p.).


A large international literature has documented the labor market distortions associated with social security benefits for near-retirees. In this paper, we investigate the 'other side' of social security programs, seeking to document improvements in wellbeing arising from the provision of public pensions. To the extent households adjust their savings and employment behavior to account for enhanced retirement benefits, the positive impact of the benefits may be crowded out. We proceed by using the large variation across birth cohorts in income security entitlements in Canada that arise from reforms to the programs over the past 35 years. This variation allows us to explore the effects of benefits on elderly well-being while controlling for other factors that affect well-being over time and by age. We examine measures of income, consumption, poverty, and happiness. For income, we find large increases in income corresponding to retirement benefit increases, suggesting little crowd out. Consumption also shows increases, although smaller in magnitude than for income. We find larger retirement benefits diminish income poverty rates, but have no discernable impact on consumption poverty measures. This could indicate smoothing of consumption through savings or other mechanisms. Finally, our limited happiness measures show no definitive effect.



A. "Portfolio Choice in Retirement: Health Risk and the Demand for Annuities, Housing and Risky Assets," by Motohiro Yogo (WP 2009-3, January 2009, .pdf format, 50p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "The Disappearing Defined Benefit Pension and its Potential Impact on the Retirement Incomes of Boomers," by Barbara A. Butrica, Howard M. Iams, Karen E. Smith, and Eric J. Toder (WP 2009-2, January 2009, .pdf format, 45p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


29. MAX PLANCK INSTITUTE FOR DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH: "The age separating early deaths from late deaths," by James W. Vaupel and Zhen Zhang (WP 2009-004, January 2009, .pdf format, 5p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


30. RESERVE BANK OF NEW ZEALAND: "Inheritances and their impact on housing equity withdrawal," by Phil Briggs (DP 2008/16, December 2008, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

Scroll to DP 2008/16



A. "Basic Living Expenses for the Canadian Elderly," by Bonnie-Jeanne MacDonald, Doug Andrews, and Robert L. Brown (No. 240, January 2009, .pdf format, 65p.).


Our research undertakes to determine the basic living expenses required by Canadian seniors living in different circumstances in terms of age, gender, city of residence, household size, homeowner or renter, means of transportation and health status. The paper develops required expenses for food, shelter, health care, transportation and miscellaneous. The research identifies the typical expenses of seniors in each of these categories. Using 2001 as our base year, we follow the US Elder Standard to build an elderly threshold for Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Calgary and Vancouver. The research is unique because it is the first Canadian study of absolute basic living expenses tailored to seniors, rather than simply to adults in general. This information is important to seniors, prospective retirees, financial planners, policy makers and actuaries in assessing the minimum level of income required in retirement and the adequacy of savings and income security programs. Our conclusions suggest that individual circumstances, rather than age, are the primary drivers in determining the cost of these basic expenses. Seniors are a diverse group, particularly with respect to health, so it is important that seniors and financial planners do not blindly rely on a fixed replacement ratio or universal level of income when projecting the level of finances needed to retire. This research enables the reader to determine the threshold that is suited to a seniors general circumstances.

B. "Car Driving and Public Transit Use in Canadian Metropolitan Areas: Focus on Elderly and Role of Health and Social Network Factors," by Ruben G. Mercado and K. Bruce Newbold (No. 243, January 2009, .pdf format, 30p.).


Most studies analyzed the impact of decreased mobility on health and social network status, but only a few have provided evidence to understand how these latter factors could affect travel decisions or outcomes. This paper examined the linkage between peoples car driving and public transit use in Canada and their personal, health and social network characteristics, with a focus on the elderly population. The study exploits Statistics Canadas General Social Survey (GSS-19), a unique survey with a nationally representative sample that contains questions on health, social network and transportation situation. Multilevel binary logistic regression models were estimated for the two travel modes. Results showed that regardless of age, poor health discourages both car driving and public transit use. Physical limitations that constrain mobility were found to decrease the likelihood of using public transit, a finding that was expected. However, a very interesting finding of this study is that even in the presence of physical or mental situations, mobility is still made possible through car driving. Relatedly, the study showed how important license possession and car ownership are to personal mobility and to be less dependent on other modes of transport including public transit. Findings from this study have also underlined that family network could play an important role in influencing both mobility decisions and provision. Car driving was found to be more likely when a person lives alone versus with one or more people in the household, a tendency that is stronger among the elderly than the non-elderly group. However, in the event of voluntary driving cessation, suspension of driving license, or when other means of transport would not be a convenient or feasible option, support from family members or caregivers could be critical given that, and as this study finding showed, elderly people are likely to continue to strive to maintain their driving skills even with a health condition, rather than prepare to stop driving. The size of close family networks did not show a considerable influence, but the quality of these ties (i.e. being close to family) was found relevant in public transit use. Results underlined implications to road safety, the development of alternative transport strategies and strengthening social support to help maintain mobility necessary for health and quality of life in later years.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

32. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 48, No. 2, March-April 2009).

33. Dementia (Vol. 8, No. 1, February 2009).

34. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. 35, No. 1, 2009).

35. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 57, No. 2, February 2009).

36. Journal of Health Economics (Vol. 28, No. 1, January 2009).

37. Medical Care (Vol. 47, No. 2, February 2009).

38. Public Health (Vol. 123, No. 1, January 2009).


39. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jan. 28, 2009:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 28, 2009:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 28, 2009:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jan. 28, 2009:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 28, 2009:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jan. 28, 2009:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

40. AARP Recommendations (Bibliography, all are in .pdf format, 2p.).

A. "The Aging Workforce"

B. "Creating a Personal Legacy"

C. "Baby Boomers"

D. "Social Security

E. "Creativity in Later Life"


VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

41. US National Institutes of Health:

A."PHS 2009-02 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH, CDC, FDA and ACF for Small Business Innovation Research Grant Applications (Parent SBIR [R43/R44])" (PA-09-080, Jan. 22, 2009, National Institute of Aging in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

B. "PHS 2009-02 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH for Small Business Technology Transfer Grant Applications (Parent STTR [R41/R42])" (PA-09-081, Jan. 22, 2009, National Institute of Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:


42. AGEWORK.COM: "Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 27, 2009.


VII. Conferences:



VIII. Websites of Interest:

44. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES: ""CMS Roadmaps To Improving Health Care" (2009). "Quality health care for people with Medicare is a high priority for the President, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). HHS and CMS began launching Quality Initiatives in 2001 to assure quality health care for all Americans through accountability and public disclosure." The page contains links to topical reports and other CMS sites of interest.




Journal articles:

Glymour, M. Maria, DeFries, Triveni B., Kawachi, Ichiro, Avendano, Mauricio. "Spousal Smoking and Incidence of First Stroke: The Health and Retirement Study" American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 35:3 p.245-8 [2008]

Kim, S.Y.H., Kim, H.M., Langa, K.M., Karlawish, J.H.T., Knopman, D.S., Appelbaum, P.S. "Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research" Neurology. 72: p.149-55 [2009]


It is not by muscle, speed, or physical dexterity that great things are achieved, but by reflection, force of character, and judgement; and in these qualities old age is usually not only not poorer, but is even richer

Cicero--106-43 B.C.

Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
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