Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #470--January 15, 2009

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. INTER-UNIVERSITY CONSORTIUM FOR POLITICAL AND SOCIAL RESEARCH: ICPSR recently added a study that may be of interest to researchers in aging: "Comparison of Older Volunteers and Older Nonvolunteers in the Philadelphia Area, 1993-1998" (No. 20460).

Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:


II. Reports and articles:

2. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH BIENNIAL REPORT: "Biennial Report of the Director, National Institutes of Health, Fiscal Years 2006 & 2007" (January 2009, .zip compressed .pdf format, 632p.).


3. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "From Outer Space to the Eye Clinic: New Cataract Early Detection Technique" (Jan. 8, 2009).


4. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE EDUCATION AND REFERRAL CENTER REPORT: "2007 Progress Report on Alzheimer's Disease: Discovery and Hope" (January 2009, .pdf format, 48p.).



A. "Decision Memo for Surgery on the Wrong Body Part (CAG-00402N)" (January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "Decision Memo for Surgery on the Wrong Patient (CAG-00403N)" (January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 8p.).

C. "Decision Memo for Wrong Surgery Performed on a Patient (CAG-00401N)" (January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).

D. "NCD (National Coverage Determination Coding Policy Manual and Change Report for January 2009 and updated Lab Code List" (January 2009, .zip compressed and uncompressed .pdf format).


6. US TREASURY DEPARTMENT ISSUE BRIEF: "Social Security Reform: Work Incentives" (Issue Brief No. 6, January 2009, .pdf format, 28p.).

Click on title for link to full text.


7. US CENSUS BUREAU NEWS RELEASE: "Medicaid Tops Funding for Nursing and Residential Care Facilities," (CB09-09. Jan. 15, 2009). The news release links to tabulations from the "2007 Service Annual Survey: Health Care and Social Assistance" (tables in .pdf and Microsoft Excel format).


8. US AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY HEALTH CARE COST AND UTILIZATION PROJECT STATISTICAL BRIEF: "Medicare Hospital Stays: Comparisons between the Fee-for-Service Plan and Alternative Plans, 2006," by Bernard Friedman, H. Joanna Jiang, and C. Allison Russo (Statistical Brief #66, January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).





A. "Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration's Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges" (GAO-09-126, December 2008, .pdf format, 68p.).

B. "U.S. Postal Service: Age and Disability in the Executive Service" (GAO-09-255R, January 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 15p.).



A. "$3 Million Funding Support for Homeless Older Australians" (Jan. 8, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Commitment to Northern Territory Aged and Community Care" (Jan. 8, 2009, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).


11. LITHUANIA STATISTICS DEPARTMENT REPORT: "Social Protection in Lithuania: 2007" (December 2008, .pdf format, 79p.). The report is in Lithuanian and English.


12. MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS REPORT: "Population by Age Group, Malaysia, 1963-2008" (January 2009, .pdf format, 1p.).


13. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "One in five older people experience functional limitations," by Marleen Wingen (Dec. 18, 2008).


14. UK COMMUNITIES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT REPORT: "Delivering Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods: A National Strategy for Housing in an Ageing Society" (December 2008, .pdf format, 36p.).


15. AARP RESEARCH REPORT: "Strategies to Increase Generic Drug Utilization and Associated Savings," by Leigh Purvis (December 2008, .pdf format, 20p.).


16. SOCIAL SCIENCES RESEARCH NETWORK ADDITION: SSRN has recently added "Elder Law Studies" to its library of abstracts and articles. Check your organization's library for availability.


17. CD HOWE INSTITUTE [TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA] BRIEF: "Boomer Bulge: Dealing with the Stress of Demographic Change on Government Budgets in Canada," by William B.P. Robson (January 2009, .pdf format, 5p.).


18. ECONOMIST ARTICLE: "Pensions in Asia" (Jan. 15, 2009).



A. "Increasing Cu bioavailability inhibits A[Beta] oligomers and tau phosphorylation," by Peter J. Crouch, Lin Wai Hung, Paul A. Adlard, Mikhalina Cortes, Varsha Lal, Gulay Filiz, Keyla A. Perez, Milawaty Nurjono, Aphrodite Caragounis, Tai Du, Katrina Laughton, Irene Volitakis, Ashley I. Bush, Qiao-Xin Li, Colin L. Masters, Roberto Cappai, Robert A. Cherny, Paul S. Donnelly, Anthony R. White, and Kevin J. Barnham (Vol. 106, No. 2, Jan. 13, 2009, p. 381-386).

B. "Forecasting United States mortality using cohort smoking histories," by Haidong Wang and Samuel H. Preston (Vol. 106, No. 2, Jan. 13, 2009, p. 393-398).



A. "Management of Prostate Cancer--Polling Results," by Robert S. Schwartz (Vol. 360, No. 3, Jan. 15, 2009 HTML and .pdf format, p. E4). This article is available free of charge.

B. Controversies in the Treatment of Prostate Cancer, edited by Lutz Moser, Martin Schostak, Kurt Miller, and Wolfgang Hinkelbein (Book Review, Vol. 360, No. 3, Jan. 15, 2009, p. 311-312).



A. "Exercise on prescription for women aged 40-74 recruited through primary care: two year randomised controlled trial," by Beverley A. Lawton, Sally B. Rose, C. Raina Elley, Anthony C. Dowell, Anna Fenton, and Simon A. Moyes (BMJ 2008;337:a2509, Jan. 10, 2009).

B. "Use of Framingham risk score and new biomarkers to predict cardiovascular mortality in older people: population based observational cohort study," by Wouter de Ruijter, Rudi G.J. Westendorp, Willem J.J. Assendelft, Wendy P.J. den Elzen, Anton J.M. de Craen, Saskia le Cessie, and Jacobijn Gussekloo (BMJ 2009;338:a3083, Jan. 8, 2009).

C. "Comorbidity and repeat admission to hospital for adverse drug reactions in older adults: retrospective cohort study," by Min Zhang, C. DArcy J. Holman, Sylvie D. Price, Frank M. Sanfilippo, David B. Preen, Max K. Bulsara (BMJ 2009;338:a2752, Jan. 7, 2009).

D. "Germany abolishes its compulsory retirement age for doctors," by Annette Tuffs (BMJ 2009;338:b97, Jan. 12, 2009).


III. Working Papers:

22. National Bureau of Economic Research: Do Bequests Increase or Decrease Wealth Inequalities?" by Charles Yuji Horioka (w14639, January 2009, .pdf format).


This paper finds that individuals in Japan do not leave very significant bequests, that parents often require a quid pro quo for bequests to their children, and that wealthier individuals leave less bequests, meaning that bequests ameliorate wealth inequalities.


23. John F. Kennedy School of Government [Harvard University]: "Labor Supply Responses to Marginal Social Security Benefits: Evidence from Discontinuities," by Jeffrey Liebman, Erzo F.P. Luttmer and David G. Seif (RWP 09-003, January 2009, .pdf format, 62p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


24. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Ageing and the Payout Phase of Pensions, Annuities and Financial Markets," by Pablo Antolin (OECD Working Papers on Insurance and Private Pension No. 29, January 2009, .pdf format, 15p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:,3425,en_2649_34853_41935202_119684_1_1_1,00.html


25. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC MODELLING (NATSEM) [UNIVERSITY OF CANBERRA, CAPITAL TERRITORY, AUSTRALIA]: "The Impact of Mutual Obligation on Mature Age NewStart Allowance Recipients: a Program Evaluation," by Hazel Lim (Discussion Paper 65, December 2008, .pdf format, 61p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.



A. "Pension Benefit Insurance and Pension Plan Portfolio Choice," by Thomas Crossley and Mario Jametti (SEDAP Working Paper No. 237, November 2008, .pdf format, 17p.).


Pension benefit guarantee policies have been introduced in several countries to protect private pension plan members from the loss of income that would occur if a plan was underfunded when the sponsoring firm terminates a plan. Most of these public insurance schemes face financial difficulty and consequently policy reforms are being discussed or implemented. Economic theory suggests that such schemes will face moral hazard and adverse selection problems. In this note we test a specific theoretical prediction: insured plans will invest more heavily in risky assets. Our test exploits differences in insurance arrangements across Canadian jurisdictions. We find that insured plans invest about 5 percent more in equities than do similar plans without benefit guarantees.

B. "Income Security and Stability During Retirement in Canada," by Sebastien LaRochelle-Cote, John Myles, and Garnett Picot (SEDAP Working Paper No. 236, December 2008, .pdf format, 30p.).


Post-war policies and subsequent debates had two policy targets: reducing old-age poverty and enhancing income security for the "average worker" after retirement. While we know a lot about the first issue, the second has received less attention as a result of data limitations. We take advantage of unique longitudinal data based on Canadian tax files (the LAD) to examine income replacement rates of older Canadians relative to their economic status when they were in their mid-fifties. In 2005, the replacement income of retired individuals in their mid-seventies who were in the middle of the income distribution at age 55 (in the early 1980s) was between 70 and 80 percent of their previous incomes some 20 years earlier This figure is at the high end of the range (65 to 75 percent) that experts generally consider "adequate" for middle-income retirees to maintain their pre-retirement living standards. However, we also show that there is considerable variation in replacement rates. By age 75, about a quarter of middle-income persons had retirement incomes of less than 60 percent of the income they were receiving in their mid-fifties, a result of differential access to private pension income. We also ask whether income replacement rates have been rising or falling among more recent cohorts of retirees but find little change. Finally, we report results about the stability of incomes in the retirement years. We conclude that year to year instability in family income declines for both high and low income earners as they age, largely because of the stabilizing effect of public pension income sources.

C. "Determinants of Mammography Usage across Rural and Urban Regions of Canada," by James Ted McDonald and Angela Sherman (SEDAP Working Paper No. 238, December 2008, .pdf format, 34p.).


Breast cancer is a leading source of mortality among Canadian women; however early detection via mammography considerably improves survival rates. Accordingly, national guidelines advocate biennial screening for asymptomatic women aged 50 to 69 years. Unfortunately many women do not abide by such recommendations, and there is some evidence that compliance rates are lower in rural areas. This report explores the extent of regional variation within and between Canadian provinces using a new and more detailed set of rural indicators based on economic zones of influence. We find the incidence of ever having a mammogram and screening within the last two years are significantly lower for women most removed from large urban centers. This result is obtained after controlling for demographic and socio-economic characteristics, concentration of physicians and specialists in the local area and whether the woman has a regular family doctor. An important reason for the observed differences across rural and urban areas is found to be awareness of the need for regular screening. We also observe that differences in mammography usage between rural and urban areas vary significantly across Canadian provinces.

D. ""Negative Effects of the Canadian GIS Clawback and Possible Mitigating Alternatives," by Diana Chisholm and Robert L. Brown (SEDAP Working Paper No. 239, January 2009, .pdf format, 25p.).


In Canada, there are three main sources of government-provided retirement income: the Canada/Quebec Pension Plans (C/QPP), which have benefits and contributions based on earnings up to the Yearly Maximum Pensionable Earnings; Old Age Security (OAS), which is a fixed amount for most but does include a clawback of benefits for high-income individuals; and the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS), which is designed to supplement those with extremely low income. The annual GIS benefit is reduced, or clawed back, by 50 cents for every dollar of annual income the person has in retirement, including C/QPP and income from Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs) and other savings. OAS benefits are not included in determining the GIS clawback.

The result of this is that low-income individuals who attempt to enhance their retirement replacement ratio actually see a decrease in government-provided support the more they save for retirement. In fact, savings in an RRSP can effectively be taxed at more than 100% through corresponding reductions in the GIS, social housing, home care, GAINS (Ontario's Guaranteed Annual Income Supplement), and other benefits which are based on one's personal retirement income.

This paper explores alternatives to the 50% GIS clawback, including: a basic GIS exemption, a GIS clawback rate lower than 50%, and a combination of the two. The goal is to improve the fairness of the GIS and reduce the disincentive to save for retirement, without increasing the overall cost of the program significantly.


27. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [Munich, Bavaria, Germany]: "The 2008 Chilean Reform to First-Pillar Pensions," by Salvador Valdes-Prieto (WP2520, January 2009, .pdf format, 43p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. Age and Ageing (Vol. 38, 1 and Supplement 1, January 2009). The topic of this supplement is "Communications to the British Geriatrics Society Spring Meeting, 23rd-25th April 2008, Glasgow Scotland. Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

Vol. 38, No. 1:

Vol. 38, Supplement 1:

29. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 196, No. 2, Jan. 15, 2009).

30. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 99, No. 2, February 2009). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

31. The Gerontologist (Vol. 48, No. 6, December 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

32. Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 21, No. 1, February 2009). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research. Check your library for availability of this database and this issue.

33. Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 28, No. 1, February 2009). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.


34. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 14, 2009:

B. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 14, 2009:

C. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jan. 14, 2009:

D. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 14, 2009:

E. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jan. 14, 2009:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:


A. The Age of Aging: How Demographics Are Changing The Global Economy and Our World, by George Magnus (John Wiley and Sons, 2008, 256p., ISBN: 978-0-470-82291-3). For more information see:

B. Healthy Aging For Dummies, by Brent Agin and Sharon Perkins (John Wiley and Sons, 2008, 384 p., ISBN: 978-0-470-14975-1).

C. Privatizing Pensions: The Transnational Campaign for Social Security Reform, by Mitchell A. Orenstein (Princeton University Press, 2008, 232p., ISBN Cloth: 978-0-691-13288-4; Paper: 978-0-691-13697-4). For more information see:

D. Forgive Us Our Debts: The Intergenerational Dangers of Fiscal Irresponsibility, by Andrew Yarrow (Yale University Press, 2008, 184p., ISBN Cloth: 9780300123531). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

36. IIASA POSTDOCTORAL OPPORTUNITIES: "The International Institute for
Applied Systems [Laxenburg, Austria] provides full funding for two
postdoctoral researchers each year. Scholars are expected to conduct their
own research within one of IIASA's research programs or special projects
on topics closely related to IIASA's agenda. Application deadline is Feb.
1, 2009. For more information see:


37. AGEWORK.COM: "Agework.Com: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Jan. 13, 2009.


VII. Conferences:

38. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM GERONTOLOGY CONFERENCES: The following new conferences have been added to the Gerontology site:

Successful Aging: Integrative Medicine throughout a Lifetime: 28 February 2009: Newport Beach CA

Molecular Mechanisms of Aging and Age-Related Diseases: 03 March 2009: Puerto Vallarta Mexico

National Association of Social Workers the Aging Boom: Is Your Clinical Practice Ready? 15 March 2009: Las Vegas Nevada

1st Global Conference: Times of our Lives: Making Sense Of Ageing: 03 July 2009: Oxford United Kingdom

International Society for Gerontechnology 7th World Conference: 27 May 2010: Vancouver Canada Gerontology


39. Intute: Social Sciences: Intute has updated it's Sociology conferences page with a new conference that may be of interest to researchers in aging:

International Workshop on the Socio-Economics of Ageing (October 30, 2009, Lisbon, Portugal).


VIII. Websites of Interest:

40. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES MEDICARE.GOV UPDATES. The following sites were updated on Jan. 15, 2009.

Medicare Options Compare

Medicare Prescription Drug Plan Finder

Dialysis Facility Compare


41. AARP AGESOURCE/AGESTATS WORLDWIDE: "These two databases have been created by AARP to facilitate the international exchange of policy and program-relevant information in aging. AgeSource Worldwide identifies several hundred information resources in some 25 countries which are significant either in size or in their unique coverage of particular aging-related issues. The resources include, among others, clearinghouses, libraries, databases, training modules, major reports, and Web metasites. AgeStats Worldwide provides access to comparative statistical data that compare the situation of older adults across countries or regions around a variety of issues areas. The most recent data ands projections as far ahead as 2050 are provided where available." For more information see:

Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
http: //
http: //
http: //