Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #457--October 2, 2008

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research HRS announced the following data release (Sept. 25, 2008) and documentation updates (Sept. 30, 2008):

A. "HRS 2006 Core (Final, Version 1.0)."

Data access:

B. "Changes to the Online Concordance (4 changes in all)." Note: Scroll down to "September 30, 2008.

Online Concordance:


2. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY: AHQR has released three new MEPS data files (US Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, September 2008, data in .zip or self decompressing [.exe] ASCII text and SAS Transport format, with documentation in HTML and .pdf format, and SAS programming statements in ASCII format).

- MEPS HC-102F: 2006 Outpatient Visits File

- MEPS HC-102G: 2006 Office-Based Medical Provider Visits File

- MEPS HC-102E: 2006 Emergency Room Visits File



A. "Mid-2002 to Mid-2007 Estimates of the very elderly (including centenarians) (experimental)," (September 2008, Excel format).

B. "Mid-2007 Estimates of Household Population for England and Wales (experimental)," (September 2008, Excel format).


4. HM REVENUE AND CUSTOMS TABLES: "Inheritance Tax," (September 2008, HTML and .pdf format).


II. Reports and articles:

5. CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in New Mexico: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW04-NM, September 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).


6. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE CORRESPONDENCE: "Medicare: Trends in Fees, Utilization, and Expenditures for Imaging Services before and after Implementation of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005," (GAO-08-1102R, September 2008, .pdf format, 17p.).


7. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Trends in Nursing Home Deficiencies and Complaints," (OEI-02-08-00140, September 2008, .pdf format, 14p.).


This study describes the nature and extent of nursing home deficiencies and complaints in 2007 and identifies trends from 2005 to 2007. In each of the past 3 years, over 91 percent of nursing homes surveyed were cited for deficiencies and a greater percentage of for-profit nursing homes were cited for deficiencies than not-for-profit and government nursing homes.

During those same years, the most common deficiency categories cited were quality of care, resident assessment, and quality of life. Additionally, 17 percent of nursing homes surveyed in 2007 were cited for actual harm or immediate jeopardy deficiencies, and 3.6 percent were cited for substandard quality-of-care deficiencies-a slight increase since 2005. Lastly, the number of substantiated complaints decreased nearly 3 percent since 2005.

This study is part of OIG's continuing commitment to addressing the quality of care in nursing homes. The information provided in this memorandum report is based on an analysis of data from CMS's Online Survey and Certification Reporting System.



A. "Mortality Experience of the 1986-2000 National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files Participants," by Deborah D. Ingram, Kimberly A. Lochner, and Christine S. Cox (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2, No. 147, October 2008, .pdf format, 45p.).

B. "The Validity of Race and Hispanic Origin Reporting on Death Certificates in the United States," by Elizabeth Arias, William S. Schauman, Karl Eschbach, Paul D. Sorlie, and Eric Backlund (Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2, No. 148, October 2008, .pdf format, 32p.).


9. PENSION BENEFIT GUARANTY CORPORATION REPORT: "PBGC's Guarantee Limits-An Update," (September 2008, .pdf format, 21p.).



A. "Prescription Drug Coverage - General Information," (September 2008, zipped Excel format, Drug Plan Information).

Download the following files: 2009 PDP Landscape Source [ZIP, 135KB]; 2009 MA and SNP Landscape Source [ZIP, 6.2MB].

Related press release:

B. "CMS Issues Final Rule to Empower Medicaid Beneficiaries to Direct Personal Assistance Services," (September 2008, Press Release).

C. "Decision Memo for Thermal Intradiscal Procedures (CAG-00387N)," (September 29, 2008, Decision Memorandum).


11. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH PRESS RELEASE: "Dietary Supplements Glucosamine and/or Chondroitin Fare No Better than Placebo in Slowing Structural Damage of Knee Osteoarthritis," (September 2008).


12. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "State Pension deferral: public awareness and attitudes," by Nick Coleman, Rosie McLeod, Oliver Norden and Alice Coulter (Research Report No. 526, September 2008, .pdf format, 79p.).


13. NATIONAL SERVICES SCOTLAND REPORT: "Older People Services: Measuring Relative Need," (September 2008, .pdf format, p.).


14. SCOTLAND GENERAL REGISTER OFFICE REPORT: "Life Expectancy for Administrative Areas within Scotland, 2005-2007" (September 2008, .pdf format, 41p.).


15. STATISTICS NORWAY NEWS RELEASE: "Government Pension Fund - Norway, balance sheet, 1st half 2008" (Sept. 29, 2008). The news release links to two topical tables.



A. "Transparency - independent assessment of standards - Rosden Private Nursing Home report released," (September 2008, .pdf and HTML format, 2p.).

B. "Appointment of receivers and managers for three Victorian nursing homes," (September 2008, .pdf and HTML format, 2p.).



A. "Recent Trends in U.S. Mortality and Population Aging," (September 2008, podcast, mp3 and Windows Media Player format, running time approximately 20 minutes). "Ron Lee, a professor of demography and economics at the University of California-Berkeley, talked with PRB about his research on the trends in mortality and aging."

B. "Use of Biomarkers in Predicting Health and Mortality," by Marlene Lee (Today's Research on Aging, Issue 14, September 2008, .pdf format, 6p.).

C. "Obesity, Economics, and Health," by Marc Meisnere and Marlene Lee (Today's Research on Aging, Issue 13, September 2008, .pdf format, 6p.).



A. "The Decline of Career Employment," by Alicia H. Munnell and Steven A. Sass (Issue Brief No. 8-14, September 2008, .pdf format, 8p.).

B. "How Do Age Discrimination Laws Affect Older Workers?" by Joanna N. Lahey (Work Opportunities for Older Americans No. 5, September 2008, .pdf format, 8p.).



A. "Are Low-Wage Workers Destined for Low Income at Retirement?" by Barbara Butrica and Eric Toder (September 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Will Changing Job Demands Boost Older Workers' Prospects?" by Richard W. Johnson and Gordon Mermin (September 2008, .pdf format, 2p.).


20. METLIFE MATURE MARKET INSTITUTE REPORT: "2008 MetLife Market Survey of Adult Day Services & Home Care Costs," (September 2008, .pdf format, 22p.).


21. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Medicare Now and in The Future," (October 2008, .pdf and HTML format, 8p.).


22. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio shows (RealPlayer format, running time, between 23 and 30 minutes) have been added to the PTR site:

Till Death Does Us Part - September 30, 2008

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:



A. "Biodemography: Research prospects and directions," by James R. Carey (Vol. 19, No. 50, September 2008, .pdf format, p. 1749-1758).

B. "Trends in educational mortality differentials in Austria between 1981/82 and 2001/2002: A study based on a linkage of census data and death certificates," by Johannes Klotz and Gabriele Doblhammer (Vol. 19, No. 51, October 2008, .pdf format, p. 1759-1780).


24. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The Parkinson's disease genes pink1 and parkin promote mitochondrial fission and/or inhibit fusion in Drosophila," by Hansong Deng, Mark W. Dodson, Haixia Huang, and Ming Guo (Vol. 105, No. 38, September 23, 2008, p. 14503-14508).


25. PUBLIC LIBRARY OF SCIENCE (PLoS) ONE ARTICLE: "Evolution of the Aging Brain Transcriptome and Synaptic Regulation," by Patrick M. Loerch, Tao Lu, Kelly A. Dakin, James M. Vann, Adrian Isaacs, Chengiz Geula, Jianbin Wang, Ying Pan, Dana H. Gabuzda, Cheng Li, Tomas A. Prolla, Bruce A. Yankner (PLoS ONE 3(10): e3329. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003329, XML, .pdf, and HTML format, 12p.).


26. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Combined impact of lifestyle factors on mortality: prospective cohort study in US women," by Rob M. van Dam, Tricia Li, Donna Spiegelman, Oscar H. Franco, and Frank B. Hu (BMJ 2008;337:a1440, September 27, 2008).


27. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Toll-like Receptor 3 and Geographic Atrophy in Age-Related Macular Degeneration," by Zhenglin Yang, Charity Stratton, Peter J. Francis, Mark E. Kleinman, Perciliz L. Tan, Daniel Gibbs, Zongzhong Tong, Haoyu Chen, Ryan Constantine, Xian Yang, Yuhong Chen, Jiexi Zeng, Lisa Davey, Xiang Ma, Vincent S. Hau, Chi Wang, Jennifer Harmon, Jeanette Buehler, Erik Pearson, Shrena Patel, Yuuki Kaminoh, Scott Watkins,Ling Luo,Norman A. Zabriskie, Paul S. Bernstein, Wongil Cho, Andrea Schwager, David R. Hinton, Michael L. Klein, Sara C. Hamon, Emily Simmons, Beifeng Yu, Betsy Campochiaro, Janet S. Sunness, Peter Campochiaro, Lynn Jorde, Giovanni Parmigiani, Donald J. Zack, Nicholas Katsanis, Jayakrishna Ambati, and Kang Zhang (Vol. 359, No. 14, October 2, 2008, p. 1456-1463).


III. Working Papers:

28. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers.

A. "The Evolution of Public Sector Pension Plans in the United States," by Robert L. Clark, Lee A. Craig, and Neveen Ahmed (WP2008-16, October 2008, .pdf format, 48p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "Defined Contribution Pension Plans in the Public Sector: A Benchmark Analysis," by Roderick B. Crane, Michael Heller and Paul J. Yakoboski (WP2008-17, October 2008, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

C. "Administrative Costs of State Defined Benefit and Defined Contribution Systems," by Edwin Hustead (WP2008-18, October 2008, .pdf format, 13p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

D. "Reforms to an Individual Account Pension System and their Effects on Work and Contribution Decisions: The Case of Chile," by Viviana Vez-Grajales (WP2008-15, September 2008, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

E. "Redefining Traditional Plans: Variations and Developments in Public Employee Retirement Plan Design," by Keith Brainard (WP2008-14, September 2008, pdf format, 27p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

F. "Pension Fund Activism: The Double-Edged Sword," by Brad M. Barber (WP2008-13, September 2008, .pdf format, 36p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

G. "The New Intersection on the Road to Retirement: Public Pensions, Economics, Perceptions, Politics, and Interest Groups," by Beth Almeida, Kelly Kenneally, and David Madland (WP2008-12, September 2008, .pdf format, 52p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

H. "Reforming Social Security with Progressive Personal Accounts," by John Geanakoplos and Stephen P. Zeldes (WP2008-11, September 2008, .pdf format, 38p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

I. "Managing Contribution and Capital Market Risk in a Funded Public Defined Benefit Plan: Impact of CVaR Cost Constraints," by Raimond Maurer, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Ralph Rogalla (WP2008-10, September 2008, .pdf format, 32p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:



A. "Informal Care and Labor Supply," by Elisabeth Fevang, Snorre Kverndokk, and Knut Roed (Discussion Paper No. 3717, September 2008, .pdf format, 37p.).


Based on Norwegian register data we show that having a lone parent in the terminal phase of life significantly affects the offspring's labor market activity. The employment propensity declines by around 1 percentage point among sons and 2 percentage points among daughters during the years just prior to the parent's death, ceteris paribus. Long-term sickness absence increases sharply. The probability of being a long-term social security claimant (defined as being a claimant for at least three months during a year) rises with as much as 4 percentage points for sons and 2 percentage points for daughters. After the parent's demise, earnings tend to rise for those still in employment while the employment propensity continues to decline. The higher rate of social security dependency persists for several years.

B. "The Farm, the City, and the Emergence of Social Security," by Elizabeth M. Caucutt, Thomas F. Cooley, and Nezih Guner (Discussion Paper No. 3731, September 2008, .pdf format, 46p.).


In this paper we study the social, demographic and economic origins of social security. The data for the U.S. and for a cross section of countries make it clear that urbanization and industrialization are strongly associated with the rise of social insurance. We describe a model economy in which demographics, technology, and social security are linked together. We study an economy with two locations (sectors), the farm (agricultural) and the city (industrial). The decision to migrate from rural to urban locations is endogenous and linked to productivity differences between the two locations and survival probabilities. Furthermore, the level of social security is determined by majority voting. We show that a calibrated version of this economy is consistent with the historical transformation in the United States. Initially a majority of voters live on the farm and do not want to implement social security. Once a majority of the voters move to the city, the median voter prefers a positive social security tax. In the model social security emerges and is sustained over time as a political and economic equilibrium. Modeling the political economy of social security within a model of structural change leads to a rich economic environment in which the median voter is identified by both age and location.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

30. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 168, No. 7, October 2008).

31. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry (Vol. 16, No. 10, October 2008).

32. Journals of Gerontology (B) Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences (Vol. 63, No. 5, September 2008). Note: Full text of these journals are available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and these issues.

33. Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 20, No. 3/4, 2008).


34. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2008:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2008:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2008:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2008:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2008:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Oct. 1, 2008:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

35. ASHGATE PUBLISHING: Well-being of Older People in Ageing Societies, by Asghar Zaidi (Vol. 30 of the "Public Policy and Social Welfare" series, ISBN 978-0-7546-7596-9, 320 p.).


VI. Funding Opportunities:

36. NATIONAL ACADEMIES: "The Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Graduate Fellowship Program." "The Christine Mirzayan Science & Technology Policy Graduate Fellowship Program within the Policy and Global Affairs Division of the National Academies is designed to engage graduate science, engineering, medical, veterinary, business, public policy, and law students in the analytical process that informs the creation of national policy-making with a science/technology element. As a result, students develop basic skills essential to working in the world of science policy." For more information see:


37. AGEWORK.COM: AgeWork has updated its employment page with listings through Oct. 2, 2008.


VII. Websites of Interest:


A. "Supplier Directory" (Sept. 25, 2008).

B. "Helpful Contacts" (Sept. 25, 2008).

Scroll to "Data Updates".


39. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NIH SENIORHEALTH UPDATE: A section on "Parkinson's Disease" has been added to NIHSeniorHealth.



40. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG UPDATES: The following recent updates at may be of interest to researchers in aging.

Total Number of Residents in Certified Nursing Facilities, 2007

State Medicaid Fact Sheets




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