Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #424--February 14, 2008

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS announced:

A. "HRS Cross-Wave Master ID File (Final, Version 3.0)." (Feb. 11, 2008). For more information see:

B. "HRS 2006 Core (Early Release, Version 1.0): Person Number (PN) Change" (Feb. 8, 2008).

Data access:


II. Reports and articles:

2. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION PRESS RELEASE: "Nation's First Baby Boomer Receives Her First Social Security Retirement Benefit" (Feb. 12, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).


3. US INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE NEWS RELEASE: "IRS Will Send Stimulus Payments Automatically Starting in May; Eligible Taxpayers Must File a 2007 Tax Return to Receive Rebate" (Feb. 13, 2008).,,id=179094,00.html


4. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF POLICY REPORT: "State Assistance Programs for SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Recipients, January 2007 (February 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 118p.).


5. US CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Delaware: 2004," (LED-OW04-DE, January 2008, .pdf format, 12p.).


6. US CENTER FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "CMS Takes Next Step to Improve Quality in Nation's Nursing Homes" (Feb. 12, 2008). At the bottom of the news release there is a link to more information on CMS' Special Focus Facility initiative.


7. MEDICAL EXPENDITURE PANEL SURVEY STATISTICAL BRIEF: "The Top Five Therapeutic Classes of Outpatient Prescription Drugs Ranked by Total Expense for the Medicare Population Age 65 and Older in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2005," by Anita Soni (Statistical Brief No. 199, February 2008, .pdf format, 5p.).


8. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "A Profile of Medicaid Institutional and Community-Based Long-Term Care Service Use and Expenditures Among the Aged and Disabled Using MAX 2002: Final Report," by Audra T. Wenzlow, Robert Schmitz and Kathy Shepperson (January 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 74p.).


9. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT: "Payments for Outpatient Hospital, Laboratory, and Radiology Services Made on Behalf of Beneficiaries in Skilled Nursing Facility Stays Covered Under Medicare Part A" (A-01-06-00503, January 2008, .pdf format, 26p.).


For calendar years (CY) 2001 and 2002, Medicare Part B made a total of $106.9 million in potential overpayments to suppliers of outpatient hospital, laboratory, and radiology services on behalf of beneficiaries in Part A-covered skilled nursing facility stays. These potential overpayments occurred because CMS did not have Common Working File (CWF) edits in place during most of this period. For CY 2003, when the edits were fully implemented, potential overpayments were reduced to $22.7 million. We estimated that the fiscal intermediaries and carriers had not recovered 17.9 million dollars of these potential overpayments.

We recommended that CMS (1) direct the fiscal intermediaries and carriers to review the $106.9 million in potential overpayments for CYs 2001 and 2002 and make appropriate recoveries, (2) direct the fiscal intermediaries and carriers to initiate recovery of the estimated 17.9 million dollars in unrecovered overpayments for CY 2003, (3) continue to test and refine the CWF edits to ensure that they properly identify claims subject to consolidated billing, and (4) ensure that all fiscal intermediaries and carriers have established proper controls to recover overpayments that the CWF edits identify. CMS agreed with the recommendations.


10. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Veterans' Benefits: Improved Management Would Enhance VA's Pension Program" (GAO-08-112, February 2008, .pdf format, 44p.).


11. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING NEWS RELEASE: "(Federal Minister for Ageing Justine) Elliot says doctors with an interest in nursing homes should not sign death and cremation certificates of their residents" (JE07/08, Feb. 8, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).



A. "Long Stay Activity Report for 2006" (2008, .pdf format, 63p.).

B. "Report of the Interdepartmental Working Group on Long Term Care, 2006" (January 2008, .pdf format, 71p.).



A. The Journal (AARP International, Winter 2007). The theme of this issue is "The Global Impact of Dementia," by Marc Wortmann).

B. "2007 AARP Driver Safety Program Course Evaluation," by Laura Skufca (January 2008, by Laura Skufca (January 2008, .pdf format, 20p.).

C. "Who is Ready for Retirement, How Ready, and How Can We Know?" by Sophie Korczyk (January 2008, .pdf format, 43p.).



A. "Proceedings from the National Conference: Family Caregiving: State of the Art, Future Trends (2007)," a conference held Mar. 6, 2007 (2007, .pdf format, 126p.

Link to full text is at the bottom of the page.

B. FCA eUpdate (Vol. 24, No. 3, Winter 2008). This newsletter features "national, state and local news and caregiving advice for families, policy makers, providers, and program developers"

C. Caregiving PolicyDigest (Vol. 8, No. 3, Feb. 6, 2008). "This focused newsletter from Family Caregiver Alliance's National Center on Caregiving offers a fresh look at the rapidly changing environment of caregiving. (It contains) briefings on key legislation, news on innovative public programs, and the latest information on caregiving and long-term care policy at national and state levels."

More information about FCA:


15. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Rapid appearance and local toxicity of amyloid-Beta plaques in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by Melanie Meyer-Luehmann, Tara L. Spires-Jones, Claudia Prada, Monica Garcia-Alloza, Alix de Calignon, Anete Rozkalne1, Jessica Koenigsknecht-Talboo, David M. Holtzman, Brian J. Bacskai, and Bradley T. Hyman (Vol. 451, No. 7179, Feb. 7, 2008, p. 720-725).



A. "Liver X receptor [Beta] (LXR BETA): A link between [Beta]-sitosterol and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis--Parkinson's dementia," by Hyun-Jin Kim, Xiaotang Fan, Chiara Gabbi, Konstantin Yakimchuk, Paolo Parini, Margaret Warner, and Jan-Ake Gustafsson (Vol. 105, No. 6, Feb. 12, 2008, p. 2094-2099).

B. "A causal role for ERG in neoplastic transformation of prostate epithelium," by Olga Klezovitch, Michael Risk, Ilsa Coleman, Jared M. Lucas, Manda Null, Lawrence D. True, Peter S. Nelson, and Valeri Vasioukhin (Vol. 105, No. 6, Feb. 12, 2008, p. 2105-2110).

C. "Evidence for a role of the 5-HT1B receptor and its adaptor protein, p11, in L-DOPA treatment of an animal model of Parkinsonism," by Xiaoqun Zhang, Per E. Andren, Paul Greengard, and Per Svenningsson (Vol. 105, No. 6, Feb. 12, 2008, p. 2163-2168).

D. "Age-related memory impairment associated with loss of parietal deactivation but preserved hippocampal activation," by Saul L. Miller, Kim Celone, Kristina DePeau, Eli Diamond, Bradford C. Dickerson, Dorene Rentz, Maija Pihlajamaki, and Reisa A. Sperling (Vol. 105, No. 6, Feb. 12, 2008, p. 2181-2186).

E. "Ambient temperature predicts sex ratios and male longevity," by Ralph Catalano, Tim Bruckner, and Kirk R. Smith (Vol. 105, No. 6, Feb. 12, 2008, p. 2244-2247).


17. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION COMMENTARY EXTRACT: "Medical Challenges of Improving the Quality of a Longer Life," by Jean-Pierre Michel, Julia L. Newton, and Thomas B.L. Kirkwood (Vol. 299, No. 6, Feb. 13, 2008, p. 688-690).


18. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACT: "Fewer than one in 10 people will die at home by 2030, study predicts," by Roger Dobson (Vol. 336, No. 7639, Feb. 9, 2008, p. 295).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Trends in Mortality Differentials and Life Expectancy for Male Social Security--Covered Workers, by Average Relative Earnings," by Hilary Waldron (WP 108, October 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 57p.).


This study presents an analysis of trends in mortality differentials and life expectancy by average relative earnings for male Social Security-covered workers aged 60 or older. Mortality differentials, cohort life expectancies, and period life expectancies by average relative earnings are estimated. Period life expectancy estimates for the United States are also compared with those of other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. In general, for birth cohorts spanning the years 1912-1941 (or deaths spanning the years 1972-2001 at ages 60-89), the top half of the average relative earnings distribution has experienced faster mortality improvement than has the bottom half. The sample is expected to be selectively healthier than the general population because of a requirement that men included in the sample have some positive earnings from ages 45 through 55. This requirement is expected to exclude some of the most at-risk members of the U.S. population because of the strong correlation between labor force participation and health.



B. "Cohort-Specific Measures of Lifetime Social Security Taxes and Benefits," by Dean R. Leimer (WP 110, December 2007, .pdf format, 100p.).



A. "The Retirement of a Consumption Puzzle," by Erik Hurst (w13789, February 2008, .pdf format, 32p.).


This paper summarizes five facts that have emerged from the recent literature on consumption behavior during retirement. Collectively, the recent literature has shown that there is no puzzle with respect to the spending patterns of most households as they transition into retirement. In particular, the literature has shown that there is substantial heterogeneity in spending changes at retirement across consumption categories. The declines in spending during retirement for the average household are limited to the categories of food and work related expenses. Spending in nearly all other categories of non-durable expenditure remains constant or increases. Moreover, even though food spending declines during retirement, actual food intake remains constant. The literature also shows that there is substantial heterogeneity across households in the change in expenditure associated with retirement. Much of this heterogeneity, however, can be explained by households involuntarily retiring due to deteriorating health. Overall, the literature shows that the standard model of lifecycle consumption augmented with home production and uncertain health shocks does well in explaining the consumption patterns of most households as they transition into retirement.

B. "Who Values the Social Security Annuity? New Evidence on the Annuity Puzzle," by Jeffrey R. Brown, Marcus D. Casey, Olivia S. Mitchell (w13800, February 2008, .pdf format, 28p.).


We examine individuals' self-reported willingness to exchange part of their Social Security inflation-indexed annuity benefit for an immediate lump-sum payment, using an experimental module in the 2004 Health and Retirement Study. Our first finding is that nearly three out of five respondents favor the lump-sum payment if it were approximately actuarially fair, a finding that casts doubt on several leading explanations for why more people do not annuitize. Second, there is some modest price sensitivity and evidence consistent with adverse selection; in particular, people in better health and having more optimistic longevity expectations are more likely to choose the annuity. Third, after controlling on education, more financially literate individuals prefer the annuity. Fourth, people anticipating future Social Security benefit reductions are more likely to choose the lump-sum, suggesting that political risk matters. Other factors such as sex, marital status, income, wealth, or the presence of children are not associated with respondents' relative preferences for the annuity versus the lump-sum.


21. INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE ET DOCUMENTATION EN ÉCONOMIE DE LA SANTE (IRDES) [Paris, France]: "Promoting Social Participation for Healthy Ageing: A Counterfactual Analysis from the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)," by Nicolas Sirven and Thierry Debrand (WP No. 7, January 2008, .pdf format, 19p.).


Promoting social participation of the older population (e.g. membership in voluntary associations) is often seen as a promising strategy for 'healthy ageing' in Europe. Although a growing body of academic literature challenges the idea that the link between social participation and health is well established, some statistical evidence suggest a robust positive relationship may exist for older people. One reason could be that aged people have more time to take part in social activities (due to retirement, fewer familial constraints, etc.); so that such involvement in voluntary associations contributes to maintain network size for social and emotional support; and preserves individuals' cognitive capacities. Using SHARE data for respondents aged fifty and over in 2004, this study proposes to test these hypotheses by evaluating the contribution of social participation to self reported health (SRH) in eleven European countries. The probability to report good or very good health is calculated for the whole sample (after controlling for age, education, income and household composition) using regression coefficients estimated for individuals who do and for those who do not take part in social activities (with correction for selection bias in these two cases). Counterfactual national levels of SRH are derived from integral computation of cumulative distribution functions of the predicted probability thus obtained. The analysis reveals that social participation contributes by three percentage points to the increase in the share of individuals reporting good or very good health on average. Higher rates of social participation could improve health status and reduce health inequalities within the whole sample and within every country. Our results thus suggest that 'healthy ageing' policies based on social participation promotion may be beneficial for the aged population in Europe.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

22. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 167, No. 4, Feb. 15, 2008).

23. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 46, No. 2, March-April 2008).

24. Dementia (Vol. 7, No. 1, February 2008).

25. Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 27, No. 1, February 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

26. Journal of Marriage and the Family (Vol. 70, No. 1, February 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

27. Research on Aging (Vol. 30, No. 2, March 2008). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.


28. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Feb. 13, 2008:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 13, 2008:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Feb. 13, 2008:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Feb. 13, 2008:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Feb. 13, 2008:

F. "Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Feb. 13, 2008:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

29. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTER USA: The Longevity Revolution: The Benefits & Challenges of Living a Long Life, by Robert Butler (Public Affairs Publishing, 2008, 608p., ISBN: 9781586485535). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

30. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Rare Diseases Clinical Research Consortia (RDCRC) for the Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network (U54) (RFA-OD-08-00, reissue of RFA-RR-03-008, Feb. 8, 2008, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:


31. US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: "Excellence in Building Healthy Communities for Active Aging Application, Award Guidelines and Entry Rules" (applications due Sep. 12, 2008). For more information see:


32. AGEWORK.COM EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: has updated its employment page through Feb. 14, 2008).


VII. Conferences:

33. US Administration on Aging: The following conferences have been added to the AoA conference website:

Apr 15-18, 2008: California Association of Area Agencies on Aging: 11th Annual Coordinated Leadership Conference "No Time Like The Present: Strengthening Alliances"--San Jose, California

Aug. 11-14, 2008: The Florida Council on Aging: 2008 Florida Conference on Aging"--Orlando, Florida

and scroll to dates or titles.


34. Updates: has updated its gerontology conference page with the following conferences (dates given are beginning dates only):

Feb 21, 2008: International Conference on Aging, Disability, and Independence--St. Petersburg, Florida

Mar. 26, 2008: Retaining and Sharing Knowledge from an Ageing Workforce--Auckland, New Zealand

Apr. 9, 2008: Retaining and Sharing Knowledge from an Ageing Workforce, SYDNEY--Sydney, Australia

Apr. 23, 2008: HIV/AIDS on the Front Line--Anaheim, California

May 29, 2008: Retaining and Sharing Knowledge from an Ageing Workforce, Canberra-- Canberra, Australia

Jul. 10, 2008: Gender, Family Responsibility and Legal Change--Brighton, UK

Jul. 26, 2008: 11th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease--Chicago, Illinois

Oct. 28, 2008: North Carolina Conference on Aging--Greenville, North Carolina

and scroll to date or title.


VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

35. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Foreclosure Aftermath: Preying on Senior Homeowners," a hearing held Feb. 13, 2008). (.pdf format). A video webcast of the hearing (RealPlayer format, running time, 1 hour, 51 minutes, 45 seconds) is available at the site.


36. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on the Medicare Portions of the President's Fiscal Year 2009 Budget with Acting CMS (Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services Administrator (Kerry) Weems," a hearing held Feb. 14, 2008. (.pdf format, 6p.).


37. US HOUSE FINANCIAL SERVICES COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "H.R. 2930: The Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly Act of 2007," a hearing held Sep. 6, 2008 (House Serial Publication 110-59, .pdf format, 111p.).


38. US HOUSE SMALL BUSINESS COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATTION: "Subcommittee Hearing on Pension Parity: Addressing the Inequities Between Retirement Plan Options for Small and Large Businesses," a hearing held Aug. 24, 2008 (House Serial Publication 110-54, .pdf format, 69p.).


IX. Websites of Interest:

39. MEDICARE.GOV UPDATES: has recently updated its website. It is highlighted by a new edition of "Guide to Home Health Care Agencies," a tool to assist people with Medicare, and their families, choose the best home health agency for them. Users are able to review an agency~Rs past performance based on the care they require." In addition there are several data updates.

Also see the search tool updates for Feb. 14, 2008


X. Bibliography Updates:

40. NATIONAL LONGITUDINAL STUDY BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES: Note: These citations, along with all of the NLS bibliography, can be found at:

Note: Where available, direct links to full text have been provided. These references represent updated citations from Jan. 1, 2008-Feb. 14, 2008.

For more information on any of these citations (selected abstracts are available) go to the above listed address and click on "Title List". Click on the first item, which will give the syntax of the citation urls:[0]=320

Note that you may need to cut and paste the ENTIRE URL above, as it may not automatically resolve. In any event, it is simply a template URL to get you started.

Then change the number after the equal sign (320 in this case) to the number listed as the "ID Number" in the citations below. You will be taken to the full citation listing.

Long-Term Disadvantage among Elderly Women: The Effects of Work History
Social Service Review 81,3 (September 2007): 423-452
Cohort(s): Mature Women
ID Number: 5652
Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Jack SolockJack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
http: //
http: //
http: //