Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #421--January 24, 2008

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS: "2006 Paradata File." (January 2008). "The 2006 NHIS Paradata File contains data about the NHIS data collection process. It may be used as a stand-alone data file or linked to the NHIS 2006 health data files." (data in self-decompressing [.exe] ASCII format, with documentation in .pdf format, and a sample SAS input file in ASCII text format).


II. Reports and articles:


A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, November 2007" (December 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, November, December 2007 (December, January 2007, HTML and .pdf format).




3. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL, FEDERAL REGISTER NOTICE: ""Solicitation of Information and Recommendations for Revising the Compliance Program Guidance for Nursing Facilities," (_FR_, Vol. 73, No. 16, .pdf format, p. 4248-4249, via HHS OIG.)


4. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "CMS Proposes Rate Year 2009 Payment, Policy Changes For Long-Term Care Hospitals" (Jan. 22, 2008).



A. "Evaluation of Selected Aspects of the National Medicare Education Program: Final Design Report," by Lauren McCormack, Nancy Berkman, Karen Isenberg, Douglas Rupert, Jennifer Uhrig, Derek Brown, and Leslie Greenwald, (January 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 70p.).

B. "Health Information Exchange in Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Case Study Findings: Final Report," by Rachael E. Bennett, Mark Tuttle, Karis May, Jennie Harvell, and Eric A. Coleman (September 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 67p.)


6. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Movement from hospital to residential aged care: preliminary results," (January 2008, .pdf format, 68p.).


7. AUSTRALIAN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND AGEING MEDIA RELEASE: "375 More Aged Care Places for South Australia" (JE08/03, Jan. 22, 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).


8. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Old people receiving more and more care," by Antonio Chessa (Jan. 15, 2008).


9. STATISTICS SWEDEN ANIMATED POPULATION PYRAMID: "Sharp increase of elderly persons" (January 2008). The pyramid covers 1850-2050, and can be manipulated by clicking on the directional bars below it.


10. UK DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH REPORT: "Long term conditions compendium of information: 'Adding life to years and years to life' (January 2008, .pdf format, 52p.).


11. UK NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE NEWS RELEASE: "Life expectancy gap at State Pension Age set to narrow" (Jan. 17, 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).


12. STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT STONY BROOK NEWS RELEASE: "World Population Will Age With Increasing Speed Over The Next Few Decades Then Slow Down, Says SBU Researcher & Colleagues: Study Indicates Aging Dependent on Intensity and Speed of Fertility Pattern" (Jan. 21, 2008). At the bottom of the news release is a link to "The coming acceleration of global population ageing," by Wolfgang Lutz, Warren Sanderson, and Sergei Scherbov (_Nature Letter, January 2008, .pdf format, 4p.).

Click on "World Population Will Age..." (Jan. 21, 2008).



A. "Health Care Reform and Long-Term Care: A Survey of AARP Members in New Mexico," by Erica L. Dinger and Joanne Binette (January 2008, .pdf format, 30p.)

B. "AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio shows (RealPlayer format, running times, between 23 and 30 minutes) have been added to the PTR site:

Watching out for Older People: Jan. 22, 2008

Boomer's Face Aging (Primetime Postscript--running time: 4 minutes, 51 seconds): Jan. 22, 2008

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:


14. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Do We Know If Medicare Advantage Special Needs Plans Are Special?" by James Verdier, Marsha Gold, and Sarah Davis (January 2008, .pdf format, 59p.).


15. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Why Have Some States Introduced Defined Contribution Plans?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Alex Golub-Sass, Kelly Haverstick, Mauricio Soto, and Gregory Wiles (SLP#3, January 2008, .pdf format, 16p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at the site.


16. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, January 2008, .pdf format, 5p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad".


17. MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER NEWSLETTER: (Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2008, HTML and .pdf format, 10p.).




18. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Histone H2AX-dependent GABAA receptor regulation of stem cell proliferation," by Michael Andang, Jens Hjerling-Leffler, Annalena Moliner, T. Kalle Lundgren, Goncalo Castelo-Branco, Evanthia Nanou, Ester Pozas, Vitezslav Bryja, Sophie Halliez, Hiroshi Nishimaru, Johannes Wilbertz, Ernest Arenas, Martin Koltzenburg, Patrick Charnay, Abdeljabbar El Manira, Carlos F. Ibanez, and Patrik Ernfors (Vol. 451, No. 7177, January 9, 2008, p. 460-464).



A. "Androgen Suppression and Radiation vs Radiation Alone for Prostate Cancer: A Randomized Trial," by Anthony V. D'Amico, Ming-Hui Chen,Andrew A. Renshaw, Marian Loffredo, Philip W. Kantoff (Vol. 299, No. 3, Jan. 23, 2008, p. 289-295),

B. "Serum Micronutrient Concentrations and Decline in Physical Function Among Older Persons," by Benedetta Bartali, Edward A. Frongillo, Jack M. Guralnik, Martha H. Stipanuk, Heather G. Allore, Antonio Cherubini, Stefania Bandinelli, Luigi Ferrucci, and Thomas M. Gill (Vol. 299, No. 3, Jan. 23, 2008, p. 308-315),


20. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE SPECIAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Effect of Cost Sharing on Screening Mammography in Medicare Health Plans," by Amal N. Trivedi, William Rakowski, and John Z. Ayanian (Vol. 358, No. 4, Jan. 24, 2008, p. 375-383).



A. "Multifactorial assessment and targeted intervention for preventing falls and injuries among older people in community and emergency care settings: systematic review and meta-analysis," by S. Gates, J.D. Fisher, M.W. Cooke, Y.H. Carter, and S.E. Lamb (Vol. 336, No. 7637, Jan. 19, 2008, p. 130-133).

B. "Community occupational therapy for older patients with dementia and their care givers: cost effectiveness study," by Maud J. L. Graff, Eddy M. M. Adang, Myrra J. M. Vernooij-Dassen, Joost Dekker, L. Jonsson, Marjolein Thijssen, Willibrord H.L. Hoefnagels, and Marcel G.M. Olde Rikkert (Vol. 336, No. 7637, Jan. 19, 2008, p. 134-138).

C. "Advice to use topical or oral ibuprofen for chronic knee pain in older people: randomised controlled trial and patient preference study," by Martin Underwood, Deborah Ashby, Pamela Cross, Enid Hennessy, Louise Letley, Jeannett Martin, Shahrul Mt-Isa, Suzanne Parsons, Madge Vickers, Ken Whyte, on behalf of the TOIB study team (Vol. 336, No. 7637, Jan. 19, 2008, p. 138-142).

D. "Influences on older people's decision making regarding choice of topical or oral NSAIDs for knee pain: qualitative study," by Dawn Carnes, Yasir Anwer, Martin Underwood, Geoff Harding, Suzanne Parsons, on behalf of the TOIB study team (Vol. 336, No. 7637, Jan. 19, 2008, p. 142-145).

E. "Drugs for pre-osteoporosis: prevention or disease mongering?" by Pablo Alonso-Coello, Alberto Lopez García-Franco, Gordon Guyatt, and Ray Moynihan (Vol. 336, No. 7637, Jan. 19, 2008, p. 126-129).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Preference Heterogeneity and Insurance Markets: Explaining a Puzzle of Insurance," by David M. Cutler, Amy Finkelstein, and Kathleen McGarry (w13746, January 2008, .pdf format, 18p.).


Standard theories of insurance, dating from Rothschild and Stiglitz (1976), stress the role of adverse selection in explaining the decision to purchase insurance. In these models, higher risk people buy full or near-full insurance, while lower risk people buy less complete coverage, if they buy at all. While this prediction appears to hold in some real world insurance markets, in many others, it is the lower risk individuals who have more insurance coverage. If the standard model is extended to allow individuals to vary in their risk tolerance as well as their risk type, this could explain why the relationship between insurance coverage and risk occurrence can be of any sign, even if the standard asymmetric information effects also exist. We present empirical evidence in five difference insurance markets in the United States that is consistent with this potential role for risk tolerance. Specifically, we show that individuals who engage in risky behavior or who do not engage in risk reducing behavior are systematically less likely to hold life insurance, acute private health insurance, annuities, long-term care insurance, and Medigap. Moreover, we show that the sign of this preference effect differs across markets, tending to induce lower risk individuals to purchase insurance in some of these markets, but higher risk individuals to purchase insurance in others. These findings suggest that preference heterogeneity may be important in explaining the differential patterns of insurance coverage in various insurance markets.

B. "Why Don't People Insure Late Life Consumption: A Framing Explanation of the Under-Annuitization Puzzle," by Jeffrey R. Brown, Jeffrey R. Kling, Sendhil Mullainathan, and Marian V. Wrobel (w13748, January 2008, .pdf format, 15p.).


Rational models of risk-averse consumers have difficulty explaining limited annuity demand. We posit that consumers evaluate annuity products using a narrow "investment frame" that focuses on risk and return, rather than a "consumption frame" that considers the consequences for lifelong consumption. Under an investment frame, annuities are quite unattractive, exhibiting high risk without high returns. Survey evidence supports this hypothesis: whereas 72 percent of respondents prefer a life annuity over a savings account when the choice is framed in terms of consumption, only 21 percent of respondents prefer it when the choice is framed in terms of investment features.

C. "Planning and Financial Literacy: How Do Women Fare?" by Annamaria Lusardi and Olivia S. Mitchell (w13750, January 2008, .pdf format, 10p.).


Many older US households have done little or no planning for retirement, and there is a substantial population that seems to undersave for retirement. Of particular concern is the relative position of older women, who are more vulnerable to old-age poverty due to their longer longevity. This paper uses data from a special module we devised on planning and financial literacy in the 2004 Health and Retirement Study. It shows that women display much lower levels of financial literacy than the older population as a whole. In addition, women who are less financially literate are also less likely to plan for retirement and be successful planners. These findings have important implications for policy and for programs aimed at fostering financial security at older ages.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. Age and Ageing (Vol. 37, No. 1, January 2008).

24. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 167, No. 2, Jan. 15, 2008).

25. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 98, No. 2, February 2008). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database and the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of these databases and this issue.

26. Canadian Journal on Aging (Vol. 26, No. 3, Fall 2007, Vol. 26, Supplement 1, 2007). Supplement 1 is a special issue: "Hidden Costs/ Invisible Contributions of Caregiving."

Vol. 26, No. 3:

Vol. 26, Supplement 1:

27. Journal of the European Association for Palliative Care (Vol. 15, No. 1, 2008).


28. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jan. 23, 2008:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 23, 2008:

C. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jan. 23, 2008:

D. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 23, 2008:

E. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 23, 2008:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

29. SPRINGER MONGRAPH: Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics: Biopsychosocial Approaches to Longevity (Volume 27, 2007, 2007, 296p. ISBN: 0826115373). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities:

30. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING: "Unsolicitated Program Announcement (HHS-2008-AOA-UN-0801, deadline for application is Sep. 18, 2008, Microsoft Word format, 36p.).

Direct link to announcement:


VII. Conferences:

31. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON AGING WEBINAR: "A New Direction for 2008! Preview A Civic Engagement Series, 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM ET, Thursday, January 31, 2008."


VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

32. US HOUSE EDUCATION AND LABOR COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Retirement Security: Strengthening Pension Protections," a hearing held May 3, 2007 (House Serial Publication 110-30, .pdf format, 42p.).

33. US SENATE AGING COMMITTEE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Bioidentical Hormones: Sound Science or Bad Medicine," a hearing held Apr. 19, 2007 (Senate Hearing 110-129, .pdf format, 248p.).

34. US SENATE EDUCATION, LABOR, HEALTH, AND PENSIONS COMMITTEE PUBLICATION: "Alzheimer's Disease: Current and Future Breakthrough Research, on Examining Alzheimer's Disease, Focusing on Current and Future Breakthrough Research," a hearing held May 15, 2007 (Senate Hearing 110-80, .pdf format, 49p.).


IX. Websites of Interest:

35. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION: "Medicare Health and Prescription Drug Plan Tracker." "To help people monitor changes in private plans in Medicare, the Kaiser Family Foundation has updated its interactive online resource, the Medicare Health and Prescription Drug Plan Tracker, with new 2008 data. The Tracker provides local, regional and national information about Medicare Advantage plans, including HMOs, regional and local PPOs, private fee-for-service plans, and special needs plans. It also includes current information on stand-alone prescription drug plans offered, along with updated 2007 enrollment data for Medicare Advantage and stand-alone prescription drug plans. The online tool can be used to monitor changes in Medicare Advantage enrollment over time within counties, states and nationally.


36. AARP: "Election Issues Surveys." AARP has added Florida (.pdf format, 21p., authored by Susan L. Silberman, to its list of election issue survey research reports).

Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
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