Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #417--December 20, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:




I. Data:

1. WISCONSIN LONGITUDINAL SURVEY: "The WLS 12.21 data set is now available. This new release includes corrections to graduate 2004, grad spouse 2005, and sibling 2005 data. The preliminary sibling spouse data released in October 2007 is now available in final form.":

Change Notice #28:

Data access:


2. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS issued the following data announcement on Dec. 18, 2007:"Income and Wealth Imputations for HRS 2006 Core (Early) Version 1.0"

Data access:


3. HUMAN MORTALITY DATABASE: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

- Dec. 18, 2007 - Data for Japan were revised and updated through 2006.

Data availability:

Data access:


II. Reports and articles:


A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, October 2007" (November 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, October 2007 (November 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Beneficiaries by State and ZIP Code, 2006" (December 2007, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format).


5. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services: Internal Control Deficiencies Resulted in Millions of Dollars of Questionable Contract Payments," (GAO-08-54, November 2007, .pdf format, 69p.).


6. CENSUS BUREAU COMPENDIUM: Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2008 (October 2007, .pdf format, 1367p.).



A. "Tracking Beneficiaries True Out-of-Pocket Costs for the Part D Prescription Drug Benefit," (OEI-03-06-00360, December 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).


Part D plans are responsible for tracking beneficiaries true out-of-pocket (TrOOP) costs. OIG found that information on Part D plan enrollees additional prescription drug coverage was not consistently submitted in 2006. In addition, Part D plans cited problems with transferring TrOOP balances when enrollees changed plans. OIG also found that CMS has conducted limited oversight of Part D plans tracking of TrOOP costs. OIG recommends that CMS ensure that all data necessary for the tracking of TrOOP costs is collected and submitted. In addition, CMS should begin or complete planned oversight activities regarding tracking TrOOP costs. CMS provided comments on our draft report but did not indicate whether it concurred with our recommendations. However, CMS did note that it has taken or will take steps in response to each of our recommendations.

B. "Medicare Hospice Care: A Comparison of Beneficiaries in Nursing Facilities and Beneficiaries in Other Settings," (OEI-02-06-00220, December 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).


The Medicare hospice benefit allows a beneficiary with a terminal illness to forgo curative treatment for the illness and instead receive palliative care, which is the relief of pain and other uncomfortable symptoms. This study is based on analysis of Medicare Part A hospice claims, the Minimum Data Set, and the Online Survey and Certification Reporting System. We found that 871,437 Medicare beneficiaries received hospice care in 2005. Twenty-eight percent of them resided in nursing facilities.

Medicare payments for hospice care for beneficiaries residing in nursing facilities amounted to $2.55 billion. We also found that hospice beneficiaries in nursing facilities are more than twice as likely as beneficiaries in other settings to have a terminal diagnosis of an ill-defined condition, a mental disorder, or Alzheimer's disease. Lastly, we found that on average, beneficiaries in nursing facilities spend more time in hospice care and are associated with higher Medicare reimbursements for hospice care than beneficiaries in other settings. In its comments, CMS indicated that this report provides a helpful general description of the current utilization patterns.

C. "Comparison of Second-Quarter 2007 Average Sales Prices and Average Manufacturer Prices: Impact on Medicare Reimbursement for Fourth Quarter 2007," (OEI-03-08-00010, December 2007, .pdf format, 12p.)


Pursuant to section 1847A(d)(3) of the Social Security Act (the Act), OIG must notify the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) if the average sales price (ASP) for a particular drug exceeds the drug's average manufacturer price (AMP) by a threshold of 5 percent. If that threshold is met, section 1847A(d)(3) of the Act grants the Secretary authority to disregard the ASP for that drug and substitute the payment amount for the drug code with the lesser of the widely available market price for the drug (if any) or 103 percent of the AMP.

This review is the fifth such comparison conducted by OIG. We identified 22 of 292 drug codes with ASPs that exceeded AMPs by at least 5 percent in the second quarter of 2007. Of these 22 codes, 16 also met the threshold for price adjustments in at least one of the prior OIG studies comparing ASPs and AMPs. If reimbursement amounts for all 22 codes were based on 103 percent of AMP, we estimate that Medicare expenditures would be reduced by $8 million during the fourth quarter of 2007 alone.

D. "OIG Advisory Opinion No. 07-16 (concerning the use of a preferred hospital network as part of a Medicare Supplemental Health Insurance (Medigap) policy)," (December 2007, .pdf format, 7p.).


8. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "Early Fine-Tuning of Neural Connections May Turn Destructive Later in Life," (December 12, 2007).


9. ADMINISTRATION ON AGING PRESS RELEASE: "AoA Announces Participation of Community Aging Service Providers in Medicare Senior Risk Reduction Demonstration," (December 19, 2007).


10. PENSIONS REGULATOR/PENSION PROTECTION FUND (UK) REPORT: "Purple Book 2007: DB (Defined-Benefit) Pensions Universe Risk Profile," (December 2007, .pdf format, 158p.).



A. "Nearly 400 thousand more over-65s in 2013," (December 2007).

B. "Good results in pension funds," (December 2007).


12. PEW CHARITABLE TRUSTS REPORT: "Promises with a Price: Public Sector Retirement Benefits," by Katherine Barrett and Richard Greene (December 2007, .pdf format, 68p.). Note: Links to fact sheets for each state are also available.



A. "Volunteer Transitions among Older Americans," by Barbara Butrica, Richard W. Johnson, and Sheila R. Zedlewski (Discussion Paper 07-06, October 2007, .pdf format, 25p.).

B. "Retaining Older Volunteers Is Key to Meeting Future Volunteer Needs," by Barbara Butrica, Richard W. Johnson, and Sheila R. Zedlewski (Perspectives on Productive Aging No. 8, December 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

C. "Are We Taking Full Advantage of Older Adults' Potential?" by Sheila R. Zedlewski and Barbara Butrica (Perspectives on Productive Aging No. 9, December 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

D. "Will Retiring Boomers Form a New Army of Volunteers?" by Sheila R. Zedlewski (Perspectives on Productive Aging No. 7, December 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).


14. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Medicaid Home and Community-Based Service Programs: Data Update," (December 2007, .pdf format, 31p.).


15. CENTER ON AGING AND WORK/WORKPLACE FLEXIBILITY AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "Generational Differences in Perceptions of Older Workers' Capabilities," by Jacquelyn B. James, Jennifer E. Swanberg, and Sharon P. McKechnie (Issue Brief No. 12, November 2007, .pdf format, 10p.).


16. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU PERIODICAL: Today's Research on Aging: Program and Policy Implications (No. 10, December 2007, .pdf format, 5p.).


17. COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL CARE INSPECTION [UK] REPORT: "Rights, risks, and restraints: An exploration into the use of restraint in the care of older people," (November 2007, .pdf format, 64p.).


18. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, December 2007, .pdf format, 5p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad".


19. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Long-term Risk of Incident Vertebral Fractures," by Jane A. Cauley, Marc C. Hochberg, Li-Yung Lui, Lisa Palermo, Kristine E. Ensrud, Teresa A. Hillier, Michael C. Nevitt, and Steven R. Cummings (Vol. 298, No. 23, December 19, 2007, p. 2761-2767).


20. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "The Games of Their Lives," by Jerry Adler (December 24, 2007).


III. Working Papers:

21. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers. "Footnotes Aren't Enough: The Impact of Pension Accounting on Stock Values," by Julia Coronado, Olivia S. Mitchell, Steven A. Sharpe, and S. Blake Nesbitt (WP2008-03, January 2008, .pdf format, p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


22. CALIFORNIA CENTER FOR POPULATION RESEARCH [UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA-LOS ANGELES]: "Effects of Layoffs and Plant Closings on Depression Among Older Workers," by Jennie E. Brand, Becca R. Ley, and William T. Gallo (CCPR-032-07, August 2007, .pdf format, 27p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 167, No. 1, Jan. 1, 2008).

24. Dementia (Vol. 6, No. 4, November 2007).

25. Experimental Aging Research (Vol. 33, No. 4, 2007). Note: Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the EbscoHost database. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.


26. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of December 19, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of December 19, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of December 19, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of December 19, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of December 19, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of December 19, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Centers for Evaluation of Neurodevelopmental Antibodies (CENA, U24)," (RFA-NS-08-005, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, December 13, 2007).

B. "Competing Renewal Awards of SBIR Phase II Grants for Brain and Behavior Tools (R44)," (PA-08-056, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, December 17, 2007).

C. "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine (R01)," (PA-08-052, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, December 18, 2007).

D. "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Biology and Medicine (R21)," (PA-08-053, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, December 18, 2007).


VI. Conferences:

28. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS: Call for Papers on "Pensions, Retirement Planning, and Financial Well-being Over the Life Course."

"The Panel Study of Income Dynamics, with support from the National Institute on Aging, announces a call for papers that use PSID data to conduct research in the area of pensions, retirement planning, and financial well-being over the life course. Papers will be presented at a two-day conference on life course financial well-being in November 2008 in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

The PSID has included extensive information on pensions, wealth, consumption/expenditures, health, and other relevant domains in various years since the survey began in 1968. All of these domains are measured in the last several waves.

The goals of this conference are to bring together scholars in the area of life course financial well-being to generate additional scientific and policy-relevant findings, facilitate future collaborations including NIH proposal submissions, and provide feedback to PSID about possible needs for content changes and/or future data collections."

How to apply: To apply, please send a 1-3 page abstract describing your study including the PSID data that will be used. Also include your CV.

Criteria: Papers will be chosen based on thematic relevance and significance to the conference.

Eligibility: All persons are eligible.

Funding: Conference expenses, including transportation and lodging, will be provided to one author per paper.

Deadline: Please send abstracts to Bob Schoeni in care of Patty Hall ( by March 17, 2008. A review committee will evaluate the abstracts, and its decisions will be announced shortly after the submission deadline. Authors of accepted papers will be required to submit their paper by October 15, 2008 for circulation prior to the conference, and to present their paper at the conference.

For further information please contact Bob Schoeni ( or Patty Hall ( For more information on the PSID, please visit the website:


29. RAND CORPORATION: "RAND Summer Institute," (Santa Monica, CA: July 7-10, 2008). "The RSI consists of two conferences addressing critical issues facing our aging population: a Mini-Medical School for Social Scientists (July 7-8) and a workshop on the Demography, Economics and Epidemiology of Aging (July 9-10). The primary aim of the RSI is to expose scholars interested in the study of aging to a wide range of research being conducted in fields beyond their own specialties." For more information about the conference, including registration information, go to:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

30. US COMMITTEE ON THE BUDGET HEARING TESTIMONY: "CBO's Long-Term Budget Outlook," a hearing held December 13, 2007 (.pdf format).


VIII. Websites of Interest:

31. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATE: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID has recently added the following item to its bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed in various ways at:

Wang, Ying and Marcotte, Dave E. Golden Years? The Labor Market Effects of Caring for Grandchildren. The Journal of Marriage and Family. 2007; 69(5):1283-1296.




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