Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #408--October 18, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced the release of the following data:

A. "HRS Tracker 2006 (Final, Version 1.0)," (October 17, 2007).

B. "Cross-Wave Master ID File (Final, Version 2.0)," (October 17, 2007).

Data access:



A. "LSOA (Longitudinal Study of Aging) II Linked Mortality File," (October 2007, ASCII text (data) and .pdf (documentation), SAS and Stata programming statements for reading the ASCII file).

Public-Use file:

Restricted-Use file information:

B. Trends in Health and Aging Update: "The National Center for Health Statistics has announced a new release of updated statistical tests on the Trends in Health and Aging web-site.

The updated tests can perform comparisons of two values, the Bonferroni test, test for trends, and comparisons of the slopes for two trends. The tests are available on-line and as a tool in the downloadable tables. To use statistical tests in the downloadable tables please follow step 1- step 3 on the page:



A. "The AGing Integrated Database (AGID) (2007, HTML and Microsoft Excel format). "(AGID) is an on-line query system based on AoA-related data files and surveys, and includes population characteristics from the Census Bureau for comparison purposes. The system allows users to produce customized tables in a step-by-step process and output the results in print or spreadsheet form.


and click on "AGing Integrated Database - AGID"

B. "2006 County-State Aging Population Estimates -- Expanded to Include Extensive Race and Ethnicity (Hispanic Status)": (October 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

Scroll to "2006 County-State Aging Population Estimates"


4. INTEGRATED PUBLIC USE MICRODATA UPDATE: IPUMS at the University of Minnesota announced on Oct. 15, 2007: "Added a 1% sample from the 2006 American Community Survey (ACS). The sample has approximately 297,000,000 person records. The 2006 ACS is the first ACS sample to provide information on group quarters, which can be identified in the GQ variable. Researchers analyzing multiple ACS samples over time should remove group quarters cases, since they are available only in the 2006 data.

The lowest level of geographic identifier in the 2006 ACS is the PUMA; 2006 PUMAs have the same boundaries as those in the 2005 ACS and the 2000 census samples. The IPUMS version of the 2006 ACS provides the following additional geographic identifiers: CITY, METAREA, METRO, PUMASUPR, MIGTYPE1, MIGMET1, MIGCITY1, MIGPUMS1, PWTYPE, PWMETRO, PWCITY, and PWPUMAS. These variables were constructed at the University of Minnesota and are not available via the Census Bureau." For relevant links see:

Data Access:


5. Human Mortality Database: Note: HMD requires free registration before providing data. The following updates have been added to the database.

- Oct. 8, 2007 - Data for Finland updated through 2006.

Data availability:

Data access:


II. Reports and articles:

6. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION NEWS RELEASE: "Nation's First Baby Boomer Files for Social Security Retirement Benefits -- Online!" (Oct. 15, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).


7. US CENSUS BUREAU REPORT: "The Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Indiana: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (LED-OW2007-IN, October 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).


8. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAND SERVICES OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "CMSs Implementation of Safeguards During Fiscal Year 2006 to Prevent and Detect Fraud and Abuse in Medicare Prescription Drug Plans," (OEI-06-06-00280, October 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).


In this report, OIG found that CMS implemented safeguard activities throughout fiscal year 2006; however, further development or application of these activities is needed. CMS relied largely on complaints to identify potential fraud and abuse; however, not all complaints were investigated timely. Further, limits to legal authority, jurisdiction, and CMSs ability to monitor enrollees switching plans complicate CMSs efforts to safeguard Medicare Part D prescription drug plans (PDP).

To address these concerns, OIG recommends that CMS develop a comprehensive safeguard strategy for Medicare Part D PDPs, ensure that all fraud complaints receive proper attention, and address legal concerns that may impede program integrity efforts.



A. "Social Security Reform: The Nature of the Problem" (Issue Brief No. 1, October 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

B. "Social Security Reform: A Framework for Analysis," (Issue Brief No. 2, October 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

Both are available at:



A. "Decision Memo for Clinical Trial Policy (CAG-00071R2)" (October 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

B. "Majority of Nations Acute Care Hospitals Meet Quality Reporting Goals, Will Receive Full Rate Increase Next Year," (October 11, 2007).


11. IOWA STATE DATA CENTER REPORTS: The SDC updated its site on Oct. 12. The following reports (.pdf and Microsoft Excel format) may be of interest to researchers in aging: State of Iowa: "Cash and investment holdings of state and local government employee-retirement systems by level of government: 1993-2006"; "Expenditures of state and local government employee-retirement systems by level of government: 1993-2006"; "Number and membership of state and local government employee-retirement systems: 1993-2006"; "Revenues of state and local government employee-retirement systems by level of government: 1993-2006."

See under Oct. 12. listing.


12. NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH TABLES: "Annual Vital Statistics Tables: 2005" (October 2007).


13. WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND FAMILY SERVICES REPORT: " Wisconsin Life Expectancy Tables (Abridged Three-Year Life Tables) (October 2007). Tables for the 2004-2006 are available at the site.




15. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "A picture of osteoarthritis in Australia," (Arthritis series no. 5, October 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).


16. IRELAND GOVERNMENT DISCUSSION DOCUMENT: "Green Paper on Pensions" (October 2007, .pdf format, 254p.).

Click on the blue "Download Green Paper" box for link to full text.


17. UK NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE NEWS RELEASE: "Growing difference in pension contributions" (Oct. 11, 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).



A. "Sweden's Move to Defined Contribution Pensions," by Edward Palmer (October 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

B. "Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Consumer Switching Costs in the U.S. Marketplace for Wireless Telephone Service," (October 2007, .pdf format, 29p.).

C. "UN Briefing Series: Major Developments and Trends in Global Aging," (October 2007, .pdf format, 83p.).


19. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU REPORT: "Is India's Population Heading Toward 2 Billion? A Long-range Demographic View" (August 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).


20. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION ISSUE BRIEF: "Medicare Part D Plan Characteristics, by State, 2008" (October 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).


21. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Working Wives Reduce Social Security Replacement Rates," by Alicia H. Munnell, Geoffrey Sanzenbacher, and Mauricio Soto (IB #7-15, October 2007, .pdf format, 7p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


22. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON AGING REPORT: "Creative Practices in Home Safety Assessment and Modification Study" (August 2007, .pdf format, 120p.).


23. AMERICAN AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION REPORT: "Enhancement of Driving Performance Among Older Drivers," by Richard A. Marottoli (October 2007, .pdf format, 61p.).

Fact Sheet:

Slide Show (HTML and Microsoft PowerPoint format):




24. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON PATIENT INFORMATION AND EDUCATION MEDICATION USE SAFETY TRAINING (MUST) FOR SENIORS VIDEOS AND PRESENTATIONS (2007, Windows Media Player, .pdf, and Microsoft PowerPoint format). "The Medication Use Safety Training (MUST) for Seniors' program is designed as an interactive, national initiative to promote safe and appropriate medicine use by enabling older adults to avoid medication misuse, recognize and manage common side effects, and improve medicine use knowledge, attitudes, and skills to avoid medication errors. MUST for Seniors' can be offered to community-based, ambulatory older adults. Older individuals and family caregivers are also encouraged to use this site and to participate in the program by viewing the online PowerPoint presentation, video clips and other program messages and materials.

Click on "Program Materials" on the left side of the page for links to presentations.


25. DISEASE CONTROL PRIORITIES PROJECT ARTICLE: "Grow Old Along With Me--And 690 Million Other People by 2030," by Beryl Lieff Benderly (October 2007).

More information about DCPP:


26. WALKWELL TEXAS REPORT: "Analysis of Older Pedestrian Fatalities in Texas, 2002-2005," (2007, .pdf format, 21p.).

More information about WT:


27. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTRE [UK] REPORT: "Human Rights in An Ageing World: Perspectives from around the world," (October 2007, .pdf format, 44p.).

Click on "Download a PDF" at the bottom of the page for link to full text.



A. "Familial Alzheimer's disease mutations alter the stability of the amyloid beta-protein monomer folding nucleus," by Marianne A. Grant, Noel D. Lazo, Aleksey Lomakin, Margaret M. Condron, Hiromi Arai, Ghiam Yamin, Alan C. Rigby, and David B. Teplow (Vol. 104, No. 42, Oct. 10, 2007, p. 16522-16527).

B. "Declining p53 function in the aging process: A possible mechanism for the increased tumor incidence in older populations," by Zhaohui Feng, Wenwei Hu, Angelika K. Teresky, Eva Hernando, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, and Arnold J. Levine (Vol. 104, No. 42, Oct. 10, 2007, p. 16633-16638).


29. NATURE GENETICS ADVANCE ONLINE LETTER ABSTRACT: "DAF-16/FOXO targets genes that regulate tumor growth in Caenorhabditis elegans," by Julie Pinkston-Gosse and Cynthia Kenyon (Oct. 14, 2007).


30. NATURE MEDICINE ADVANCE ONLINE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Classification and prediction of clinical Alzheimer's diagnosis based on plasma signaling proteins," by Sandip Ray, Markus Britschgi, Charles Herbert, Yoshiko Takeda-Uchimura, Adam Boxer, Kaj Blennow, Leah F. Friedman, Douglas R. Galasko, Marek Jutel, Anna Karydas, Jeffrey A. Kaye, Jerzy Leszek, Bruce L. Miller, Lennart Minthon, Joseph F. Quinn, Gil D. Rabinovici, William H. Robinson, Marwan N. Sabbagh, Yuen T. So, D. Larry Sparks, Massimo Tabaton, Jared Tinklenberg, Jerome A Yesavage, Robert Tibshirani, and Tony Wyss-Coray (Oct. 14, 2007).


31. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION RESEARCH LETTER EXTRACT: "Thoracic and Lumbar Vertebroplasties Performed in US Medicare Enrollees, 2001-2005,' by Darryl T. Gray, William Hollingworth, Nneka Onwudiwe, Richard A. Deyo, and Jeffrey G. Jarvik (Vol. 298, No. 15, Oct. 17, 2007, p. 1760-1762).



A. "Nonpayment for Performance? Medicare's New Reimbursement Rule," by Meredith B. Rosenthal (Vol. 357, No. 16, Oct. 18, 2007, p. 1573-1575).

B. The Estrogen Elixir: A History of Hormone Replacement Therapy in America, by Elizabeth Siegel Watkins, reviewed by Elizabeth Barrett-Connor (Vol. 357, No. 16, Oct. 18, 2007, p. 1670-1671).



A. "Primary prevention of age related macular degeneration," by Jennifer Evans (Vol. 335, No. 7623, Oct. 13, 2007, p. 729).

B. "Dietary antioxidants and primary prevention of age related macular degeneration: systematic review and meta-analysis," by Elaine W-T Chong, Tien Y. Wong, Andreas J. Kreis, Julie A. Simpson, and Robyn H. Guymer (Vol. 335, No. 7623, Oct. 13, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, beginning p. 775).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Expectations and Realization of Joint Retirement among Dual-Worker Couples," by JeongHwa Ho and James M. Raymo (Working Paper No. 2007-16, October 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).

B. "Sexual Satisfaction in the Seventh Decade of Life," by John DeLamater, Janet S. Hyde and Mei-Chia Fong (Working Paper No. 2007-17, October 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).


The purpose of this research was to present and interpret data on the sexual behavior and satisfaction of men and women in their mid-sixties. These results fill an important gap in our understanding of human sexual activity across the life course. The data are from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study 2003 mail survey, including 2,409 men and 2,717 women. The original sample consisted of graduates of Wisconsin high schools in 1957. Regression analyses were used to identify variables independently associated with sexual behavior and satisfaction. Included in the analyses were measures of physical health, sexual functioning, psychological distress, and satisfaction with the relationship. Frequency of sexual activity was significantly predicted by one measure of sexual functioning. Satisfaction with the sexual relationship was predicted by satisfaction with the relationship and frequency of sexual activity. The results support the conclusion that sexual expression remains a significant aspect of intimate relationships in the seventh decade of life.



A. "Financial Literacy and Retirement Planning: New Evidence from the Rand American Life Panel," by Annamaria Lusardi and Olivia S. Mitchell (WP 2007-157, October 2007, .pdf format, 34p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Children and Household Wealth," by John Karl Scholz and Ananth Seshadri (WP 2007-158, October 2007, .pdf format, 39p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. "Subjective Survival Probabilities in the Health and Retirement Study: Systematic Biases and Predictive Validity," by Todd Elder (WP 2007-159, October 2007, .pdf format, 50p.). Links to an abstract and full text areavailable at:


36. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers. "Learning from the Chilean Experience: The Determinants of Pension Switching," by Olivia S. Mitchell, Petra Todd, and David Bravo (WP2007-31, October 2007, .pdf format, 31p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "New Age Thinking: Alternative Ways of Measuring Age, Their Relationship to Labor Force Participation, Government Policies and GDP," by John B. Shoven (w13476, October 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).


The current practice of measuring age as years-since-birth, both in common practice and in the law, rather than alternative measures reflecting a person's stage in the lifecycle distorts important behavior such as retirement, saving, and the discussion of dependency ratios. Two alternative measures of age are explored: mortality risk and remaining life expectancy. With these alternative measures, the huge wave of elderly forecast for the first half of this century doesn't look like a huge wave at all. By conventional 65+ standards, the fraction of the population that is elderly will grow by about 66 percent. However, the fraction of the population that is above a mortality rate that corresponds to 65+ today will grow by only 20 percent. Needless to say, the aging of the society is a lot less dramatic with the alternative mortality-based age measures. In a separate application of age measurement, I examine the consequences of stabilizing labor force participation by age with alternative age definitions. If labor force participation were to remain as it is today with respect to remaining life expectancy (i.e. if the length of retirement stayed where it is today) rather than labor force participation remaining fixed by conventionally-defined age, then there would be 9.6 percent more total labor supply by 2050 in the U.S. This additional labor supply could help finance entitlement programs amongst other things. GDP would be between seven and ten percent higher by 2050 if retirement lengths stabilize. Several policies are examined that would encourage longer work careers.

B. "Risk Tolerance and Alcohol Demand Among Adults and Older Adults," by Dhaval Dave and Henry Saffer (w13482, October 2007, .pdf format, 42p.).


This study has two primary goals. These are the examination of the effect of risk tolerance on individuals' demand for alcohol and second, the examination of the demand for alcohol by older adults over the age of 55. The data sets employed are multiple waves from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) and the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). While risk tolerance can impact the level of alcohol consumption, it may also affect the sensitivity of demand to prices. There are parallels between the economist's and the psychologist's concept of risk tolerance. Research on attitudes towards risk by psychologists is part of a larger theoretical and empirical literature on personality traits. Psychologists have found risk tolerance to be an important determinant of alcohol consumption. The empirical results indicate that risk aversion has a significant negative effect on alcohol consumption, with the prevalence and consumption among risk-tolerant individuals being six to eight percent higher. Furthermore, the tax elasticity is similar across both risk-averse and risk-tolerant individuals. This suggests that tax policies may be effective in deterring alcohol consumption even among those who have a higher propensity for alcohol use. The significance of research on alcohol demand by individuals ages 55 and older is highlighted by the increased potential for alcohol-related adverse consequences among this demographic group. Comparing younger adults (ages 21-54) with older adults, responses to taxes and prices are higher among the older sub-population. The tax elasticity is estimated at -0.05 for younger adults, compared to -0.20 for older adults.

C. "Housing Price Volatility and Downsizing in Later Life," by James Banks, Richard Blundell, Zoe Oldfield, and James P. Smith (w13496, October 2007, .pdf format, 64p.).


In this paper, we modeled several types of housing transitions of the elderly in two countries -- Britain and the United States. One important form of these transitions involves downsizing of housing consumption, the importance of which among older households is still debated. This downsizing takes multiple forms, including reductions in the number of rooms per dwelling and the value of the home. There is also evidence that this downsizing is greater when house price volatility is greater and that American households try to escape housing price volatility by moving to places that are experience significantly less housing price volatility. Our comparative evidence in suggests that there is less evidence of downsizing in Britain. Our results indicate that housing consumption appears to decline with age in the US, even after controlling for the other demographic and work transitions associated with age that would normally produce such a decline. No such fall in housing consumption is found in Britain, largely because British households are much more likely to stay in their original residence.


38. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/IFO INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [MUNICH, GERMANY]: "Flexible Life Annuities," by Alexis Direr (WP 2125, October 2007, .pdf format, 27p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

39. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association (Vol. 3, No. 4, October 2007).

Note: this is a temporary address. When the next _A&D_ is released, this TOC will be available at:

40. Clinical Gerontologist (Vol. 31, No. 1, 2007).

41. Dementia (Vol. 6, No. 3, August 2007).

42. International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 65, No. 3, 2007).

43. International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 19, No. 5, October 2007).

44. Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 19, No. 4, 2007).

45. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 55, Supplement 2, October 2007). This topic of this supplement is: "Measuring Medical Care Provided to Vulnerable Elders: The Assessing Care of Vulnerable Elders-3 (ACOVE-3) Quality Indicators."

46. Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 26, No. 5, November 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

47. Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 19, No. 3/4, 2007).


48. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Oct. 17, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 17, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Oct. 17, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Oct. 17, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Oct. 17, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Oct. 17, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

49. SPRINGER PUBLISHING: Osteoporosis: Clinical Guidelines for Prevention, Diagnosis, and Management, edited by Sarah H. Gueldner, Theresa N. Grabo, Eric D. Newman, and David R. Cooper (2007, ISBN10: 082610276x, ISBN13: 9780826102768, 280p.).


VI. Funding Opportunities:

50. CAROLINA POPULATION CENTER POSTDOCTORAL SCHOLAR TRAINING PROGRAM IN DEMOGRAPHY OF AGING AND THE LIFE COURSE SPECIAL CALL FOR APPLCIATIONS: "The Carolina Population Center (CPC), located on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, anticipates an opening for a Postdoctoral Scholar in the Demography of Aging and the Life Course training program, with a start-date during the period December 2007 - February 2008. The position is a one-year appointment with renewal for a second year based on progress in the program. The salary range is based on the current NRSA schedule, $36,996 to $51,036 in 2007-08, with full benefits, and a travel allowance. Candidates with a background in population science and doctorates from disciplines such as sociology, economics, biostatistics, epidemiology, and public health are encouraged to apply. All requirements for the Ph.D. must be completed by February 28, 2008. Candidates must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents. CPC's predoctoral and postdoctoral training programs attract exceptional scholars from a broad range of disciplines. Trainees work one-on-one with faculty preceptors on significant research projects in an intellectually diverse, multidisciplinary research and training environment, attend and lead weekly seminars, and receive training and support in state-of-the-art methods of population research, research ethics, and human subjects protection. To apply, please submit the following via email to Jan Hendrickson-Smith


CPC Training Program Coordinator:

-- A recent curriculum vitae including information on citizenship/residency status.

-- Contact information, including address, phone number, and email during the fall of 2007.

-- Three letters of recommendation sent by the writers directly to Jan Hendrickson-Smith, CPC Training Program Coordinator (address listed below).

-- A description of the applicant's background in aging, population, and related fields, including courses completed, research training, and experience.

-- Copies of any research publications in aging, population, or related areas (no more than three).

-- A statement of educational/training goals that includes any courses to be audited and other types of training proposed for development of research skills.

-- A proposal for research to be initiated and/or completed during the postdoctoral training period.

-- A statement about research and career plans following postdoctoral training.

For further information, contact: Professor Glen H. Elder, Jr. or Jan Hendrickson-Smith, Training Program Coordinator

Email: Email:

Phone: 919.966.6660 Phone: 919.966.2160


51. BROOKDALE FOUNDATION: "Relatives as Parents Program (RAPP) Local and State Seed Grant Initiatives." "RAPP is designed to encourage and promote the creation or expansion of services for grandparents and other relatives who have taken on the responsibility of surrogate parenting when the biological parents are unable to do so. The deadline for the submission of local proposals is Thursday, January 10, 2008; the deadline for state proposals is Thursday, February 8, 2008." For more information see:

More information about BF:


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

52. US HOUSE WAYS AND MEANS COMMITTEE, SUBCOMMITTEES ON HEALTH AND OVERSIGHT HEARING TESTIMONY: "Joint Hearing on Statutorily Required Audits of Medicare Advantage Plan Bid," a hearing held Oct. 16, 2007).


VIII. Websites of Interest:

53. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS TRENDS IN HEALTH AND AGING UPDATE: "Trends in Health and Aging PowerPoint Presentations are available on the topics of:

-Major trends and patterns in health and aging,

-Major trends and patterns in diabetes for older Americans,

-Major trends in medication spending by older Americans,        

-Major trends and patterns in supplemental health insurance coverage for Medicare beneficiaries


Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706
http: //
http: //
http: //