Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #399--August 16, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICE DECISION MEMORANDUM: "Lumbar Artificial Disc Replacement(LADR) (1st Recon)," (August 2007,


2. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Review of Selected Physician Practices' Procedures for Tracking Drug Administration Costs and Ability To Purchase Cancer Drugs at or Below Medicare Reimbursement Rates," (A-09-05-00066, July 2007, .pdf format, 30p.).


The report summarizes the results of our reviews of 12 selected physician practices in the specialties of hematology, hematology/oncology, and medical oncology.

Eleven of the twelve practices reviewed did not have procedures to track, by procedure code, the costs associated with administering drugs to cancer patients. Without procedures for tracking these costs by procedure code, the 11 practices could not determine whether Medicare reimbursement for each code was sufficient to cover the costs of providing the services. Nine of the twelve practices could generally purchase drugs related to 15 selected payment codes for the treatment of cancer patients at or below the reimbursement rates established by the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act. The remaining three practices paid prices above the reimbursement rates for at least half of the payment codes related to the drugs purchased.

We recommended that CMS consider the results of the review in any future evaluations of Medicare Part B reimbursement of costs associated with the administration and purchase of drugs for the treatment of cancer patients. CMS agreed with the recommendation.


3. CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Integrating Medicare and Medicaid Services Through Managed Care," by Karen Tritz (RL33495, June 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).


4. MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT QUICKSTATS: "Prevalence of Complete Tooth Loss Among Older Adults, By Age Group and Federal Poverty Level (FPL) --- National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988--1994 and 1999--2004," (Vol. 56, No. 32, August 17, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 823).




5. PENNSYLVANIA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH REPORT: "Vital Statistics for Pennsylvania 1906-2005" (2007, .pdf format, 2p.).


6. IOWA STATE DATA CENTER UPDATE: The State Data Center has released the following updates for Aug. 9, 2007 (all .pdf and Microsoft Excel format except for "Age (five-year age groups), sex, race, and Hispanic origin: 2000-2006 Raw data file", which is Microsoft Excel format, with documentation in ASCII text format: Race and Hispanic Origin: 2000-2006; Selected years of age, median age, and sex estimates: 2000-2006; Age (Five-year age groups) and sex estimates: 2000-2006; Age (five-year age groups), sex, race, and Hispanic origin: 2000-2006 Raw data file."

See Aug. 9, 2007 entry.


7. JAPAN MINISTRY OF HEALTH, LABOUR, AND WELFARE REPORT: "Abridged Life Tables For Japan 2006" (July 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 11p.).


8. EUROPEAN COMMISSION EUROSTAT REPORT: "Social protection in the European Union," by Alexandra Petrasova (_Statistics in Focus_, No. 99, August 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).


9. JOINT COMMITTEE ON HUMAN RIGHTS [UK HOUSE OF LORDS AND HOUSE OF COMMONS] REPORT: "The Human Rights of Older People in Healthcare," (August 2007, 2 Vol., .pdf and HTML format, 105 and 244p.).

Scroll down to "14 August 2007".


10. AGE CONCERN [UK] REPORT: "Improving services and support for older people with mental health problems," (August 2007, .pdf format, 121p.).


11. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "Should Public Plans Engage in Social Investing?" by Alicia H. Munnell (IB No. 7-12, August 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).


12. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio shows (RealPlayer format, running times, between 23 and 30 minutes) have been added to the PTR site:

Encore (Aug. 14, 2007).

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:



A. "Economics of Health and Mortality Special Feature: Race, infection, and arteriosclerosis in the past," by Dora L. Costa, Lorens A. Helmchen, and Sven Wilson (Vol. 104, No. 33, August 14, 2007, p. 13219-13224).

B. "Economics of Health and Mortality Special Feature: The shift from defined benefit pensions to 401(k) plans and the pension assets of the baby boom cohort," by James Poterba, Steven Venti, and David A. Wise (Vol. 104, No. 33, August 14, 2007, p. 13238-13243).

C. "Evidence on early-life income and late-life health from America's Dust Bowl era," by David M. Cutlera, Grant Miller, and Douglas M. Nortond (Vol. 104, No. 33, August 14, 2007, p. 13244-13249).

D. "Engineering metal ion coordination to regulate amyloid fibril assembly and toxicity," by Jijun Dong, Jeffrey M. Canfield, Anil K. Mehta, Jacob E. Shokes, Bo Tian, W. Seth Childers, James A. Simmons, Zixu Mao, Robert A. Scott, Kurt Warncke, and David G. Lynn (Vol. 104, No. 33, August 14, 2007, p. 13313-13318).

E. "Targeting amyloid-{beta} in glaucoma treatment," by Li Guo, Thomas E. Salt, Vy Luong, Nicholas Wood, William Cheung, Annelie Maass, Giulio Ferrari, Françoise Russo-Marie, Adam M. Sillito, Michael E. Cheetham, Stephen E. Moss, Frederick W. Fitzke, and M. Francesca Cordeiro (Vol. 104, No. 33, August 14, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 13444-13449). Note: PNAS is providing Open Access to this article.


14. LANCET ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Lancet requires free registration prior to providing content. "Warfarin versus aspirin for stroke prevention in an elderly community population with atrial fibrillation (the Birmingham Atrial Fibrillation Treatment of the Aged Study, BAFTA): a randomised controlled trial," by Dr. Jonathan Mant, Prof. F.D. Richard Hobbs, Kate Fletcher, Andrea Roalfe, Prof. David Fitzmaurice, Prof. Gregory Y.H. Lip, and Ellen Murray, on behalf of the BAFTA investigators the Midland Research Practices Network (MidReC) (Vol. 370, No. 9586, August 11, 2007, p. 493-503).


15. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "When Silence Isn't Golden," by Robert J. Samuelson (Aug. 20-27, 2007).


II. Working Papers:

16. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ATLANTA: "Does Disability Explain State-Level Differences in the Quality of Medicare Beneficiary Hospital Inpatient Care?" by Brian S. Armour and M. Melinda Pitts (Working Paper 2007-18, August 2007, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


17. FEDERAL RESERVE BOARD: "Why Do Firms Offer Risky Defined Benefit Pension Plans?" by David A. Love, Paul A. Smith, and David Wilcox (Working Paper No. 2007-36, August 2007, .pdf format, 23p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:



A. "On the Fairness of Early Retirement Provisions," by Friedrich Breyer and Stefan Hupfeld (CESifo Working Paper No. 2078, August 2007, .pdf format, 22p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "Morbidity, Mortality, Health Expenditures and Annuitization," by Kam Ki Tang and Jie Zhang (CESifo Working Paper No. 2086, August 2007, .pdf format, 29p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

Scroll to the end of the abstract to access the full-text.


19. INSTITUTE FOR FISCAL STUDIES [LONDON, UK]: "Better prepared for retirement? Using panel data to improve wealth estimates of ELSA respondents," by James Banks, Carl Emmerson and Gemma Tetlow (IFS Working Papers, W12/07, August 2007, .pdf format, 42p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:



A. "Social Security Coverage and the Labor Market in Developing Countries," by Paula Auerbach, Maria Eugenia Genoni, and Carmen Pagés (Discussion Paper No. 2979, August 2007, .pdf format, 44p.) .


This paper examines the reasons behind the low rates of participation in old age pension programs in developing countries. Using a large set of harmonized household surveys from Latin America we assess how much of the low participation can be explained by involuntary rationing out of jobs with benefits versus how much can be instead explained by workers' low willingness/ability to contribute towards such programs. We compare contribution patterns among wage employees, for whom participation is compulsory, with contribution patterns among self-employed workers, for whom participation is often voluntary. For both types of workers the probability of contributing to old age pension programs is similarly correlated with education, earnings, size of the employer, household characteristics and age. Our results indicate that on average at least 20-30 percent of the explained within-country variance in participation patterns can be accounted for by individuals' low willingness to participate in old-age pension programs. Nonetheless, we also find evidence suggesting that some workers are rationed out of social security against their will.

B. "Wages and Ageing: Is There Evidence for the "Inverse-U" Profile?" by Michal Myck (Discussion Paper No. 2983, August 2007, .pdf format, 28p.) .


How individual wages change with time, and how they are expected to change as individuals grow older, is one of crucial determinants of their behaviour on the labour market including their decision to retire. The profile of individual hourly wages has for a long time been assumed to follow an"inverse-U" path, although there has been little work specifically concerning the age-wage profile and documenting it convincingly. The focus of this paper is the relationship between age and wages with special attention given to individuals close to retirement. The analysis is presented in a comparative context for Britain and Germany looking at two longitudinal datasets (BHPS and GSOEP respectively) for years 1995-2004. It stresses the importance of cohort effects and selection out of employment which seem crucial in determining the downward-sloping part of the"inverse-U" profile observed in most cross-sections. There seems to be little evidence that wages fall with age.


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. Journal of Elder Abuse and Neglect (Vol. 18, No. 2/3, 2007).

22. Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 49, No. 1/2, 2007).

23. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences (Vol. 62, No. 8, August 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue.

24. Research on Aging (Vol. 29, No. 5, September 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.


25. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of August 15, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of August 15, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of August 15, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of August 15, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of August 15, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of August 15, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


IV. Books:


A. Caregiving Contexts : Cultural, Familial, and Societal Implications edited by Maximiliane E. Szinovacz and Adam Davey (Aug. 2007, ISBN10: 0826102875, ISBN13: 9780826102874, 312p.).

B. Quality of Life in Old Age : International and Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives edited by Heidrun Walker and Alan Walker (Social Indicators Research Series, Vol. 31, 2007, ISBN: 978-1-4020-5681-9, 259p.).


27. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL: Redefining Retirement: How Will Boomers Fare? edited by Brigitte Madrian, Olivia S. Mitchell, and Beth J. Soldo (2007, ISBN 0-19-923077-3, ISBN13: 9780199230778, 352p.).


V. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Collaborative Research to Explore New Uses for Existing Radioligands (R21/R33)," (RFA-DA-08-001, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, August 8, 2007).

B. "Genome-wide Association Studies in the Genes, Environment, and Health Initiative - Study Investigators (U01)," (RFA-HG-07-012, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, August 9, 2007).

C. "Basic and Translational Research Opportunities in the Social Neuroscience of Mental Health (R01)," (RFA-MH-08-070, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, August 9, 2007).

D. "Clinical Research Education and Career Development (CRECD) in Minority Institutions (R25)," RFA-RR-07-005, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, August 9, 2007).


29. PANEL STUDY OF INCOME DYNAMICS: "The Panel Study of Income Dynamics, with support from the National Institute on Aging, announces a pilot grant competition to provide funding to 5-10 scholars in the range of $5,000-$20,000 (direct costs) each to use PSID data to conduct research in the area of pensions, private accounts, and retirement savings over the life course. Funded projects will generate papers that will be presented at a two-day conference on life course financial well-being in the fall of 2008.

The goals of this competition are to bring together scholars in the area of life course financial well-being to generate additional scientific and policy-relevant findings, facilitate future collaborations including NIH proposal submissions, and provide feedback to PSID about possible needs for content changes and/or future data collections."

The deadline for applications is October 19, 2007. For further information please contact Bob Schoeni ( or Patty Hall (




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400