Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #392--June 21, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Reports and articles:

1. US CENSUS BUREAU NEWS RELEASE: "Census Bureau Launches Older Worker Profiles for 31 States" (CB07-86, Jun. 18, 2007). The release links to the first report: "he Geographic Distribution and Characteristics of Older Workers in Iowa: 2004," by Cynthia Taeuber and Matthew R. Graham (Local Employment Dynamics LED-OW2007-IA, June 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

Click on report title for link to full text.



A. Annual Statistical Supplement 2006 (June 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "Congressional Statistics, December 2006" (May 2007, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format).



A. "Social Security: The Notch Issue,"by Kathleen Romig (RS22678, June 2007, .pdf format, 5p.).

B. "Social Security Administration: Administrative Budget Issues," by Kathleen Romig (RS22677, June 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).


4. US. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Following an Admissions Cohort: Care Management, Claim Experience and Transitions among an Admissions Cohort of Privately Insured Disabled Elders over a 16 Month Period," by Marc A. Cohen, Jessica S. Miller, and Xiaomei Shi (May 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 26p.).


5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Retail Pharmacy Participation in Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plans in 2006" (OEI-05-06-00320, June 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).


CMS requires stand-alone prescription drug plans to contract with a sufficient number of retail pharmacies to ensure that beneficiaries have access to retail pharmacies dispensing Part D-covered drugs. This report determines (1) the extent to which retail pharmacies participate in Medicare Part D stand-alone prescription drug plans (PDPs), and (2) how many Medicare Part D stand-alone PDPs are offered by participating retail pharmacies.

We found that nearly all retail pharmacies participate in Medicare Part D. Ninety-seven percent of retail pharmacies participate in at least one PDP. Furthermore, retail pharmacies in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties participate at similarly high rates. We also found that 70 percent of participating retail pharmacies offer beneficiaries the choice of all available PDPs in their region. Retail pharmacies in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan counties offer beneficiaries the choice of all available PDPs at similarly high rates. Almost all independent and chain retail pharmacies offer beneficiaries the choice of at least half of the available PDPs.

Our findings indicate that beneficiaries' access to retail pharmacies dispensing Part D-covered drugs does not appear to be limited by retail pharmacies' participation in PDPs. Although having fewer retail pharmacies located in an area may limit beneficiary access to retail pharmacies, our findings suggest that Part D does not further limit beneficiary access. In response to our draft report, CMS stated that it was pleased with our findings that beneficiary access to retail pharmacies dispensing Part D-covered drugs does not appear to be limited by retail pharmacies' participation in PDP networks. Additionally, CMS reiterated its commitment to ensuring that Part D beneficiaries have access to retail pharmacies.


6. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NEWS RELEASE: "WHI (Women's Health Initiative) Study of Younger Postmenopausal Women Links Estrogen Therapy to Less Plaque in Arteries (Jun. 20, 2007).



A. "Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Treatment of Resistant Depression (TRD): (CAG-00313R), May 2007).

B. "NCA for Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty (PTA) of the Carotid Artery Concurrent with Stenting (CAG-00085R3, April 2007).


8. UNITED NATIONS DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS REPORT: "World Economic and Social Survey 2007: Development in an Ageing World (June 2007, .pdf format, 212p.).

Click on title for link to full text.


9. WORLD BANK REPORT: "From Red To Gray: The "Third Transition" of Aging Populations in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union," by Mukesh Chawla, Gordon Betcherman, and Arup Banerji (June 2007, .pdf format, 271p.).,,contentMDK:21378474~pagePK:146736~piPK:146830~theSitePK:258599,00.html



A. "26 million dollars (22 million US dollars) for Queensland Home and Community Care services" (CP63/07, Jun. 14, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "3.96 million dollars (3.35 million US dollars) for Home and Community Care in NSW (New South Wales)" (CP 66/07, Jun. 18, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

C. "New guidelines for communicating end-of-life issues" (BM 19/07, Jun. 18, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.). The news release links to an article in the Medical Journal of Australia: "Clinical practice guidelines for communicating prognosis and end-of-life issues with adults in the advanced stages of a life-limiting illness, and their caregivers," by Josephine M. Clayton, Karen M. Hancock, Phyllis N. Butow, Martin H.N. Tattersall, and David C. Currow (Vol. 186, No. 12, Jun. 18, 2007 Supplement, HTML and .pdf format, p. S77-S108).

Link is at the bottom of the news release.


11. AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT AGEING RESEARCH ONLINE NEWSLETTER: ARO Newsletter (Vol. 4, No. 2, June 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

More information on ARO:



A. "Labour Force Projections for Canada, 2006-2031," by Laurent Martel,Eric Caron-Malenfant, Samuel Vézina, and Alain Bélanger (Canadian Economic Observer, Vol. 20, No. 6, June 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 13p.).

Follow link to Feature article.

B. "Pension plans in Canada (As of January 1, 2006)," (The Daily, June 21, 2007).


13. IRELAND DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH/AN RONIN SLAINTE AGUS LEANAI REPORT: "Annual Report of the Elder Abuse National Implementation Group, 2006" (June 2007, .pdf format, 10p.). The report is linked to from a DOH news release: "Minister Harney welcomes the 2006 Annual Report of the Elder Abuse National Implementation Group to coincide with World Elder Abuse Awareness Day, 15 June 2007" (Jun. 15, 2007).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the news release.


14. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS WEB MAGAZINE ARTICLE: "Over-65s frequent TV watchers" (Jun. 14, 2007).


15. AGE CONCERN NEW ZEALAND REPORT: "Elder Neglect: An analysis of cases referred to Age Concern New Zealand during 2002-2006" (Summary of Findings available now, .pdf format, 11p., full report to be available in July 2007).

Click on "HERE" for link to findings.


16. SINGAPORE MINISTRY OF HEALTH PRESS RELEASE: "ElderShield Reform 2007," (June 19, 2007).


17. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Helping older people engage with benefits and services: an evaluation of the Partnership Fund,"by Rosalind Tennant, Stephen Webster, Meg Callanan, Joanne Maher and William O'Connor (Research Report No. 441, June 2007, .pdf format, 241p.).


18. UK DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH/COMIC RELIEF REPORT: "UK Study of Abuse and Neglect of Older People: Prevalence Survey Report," by Madeleine O'Keeffe, Amy Hills, Melanie Doyle, Claudine McCreadie, Shaun Scholes, Rebecca Constantine, Anthea Tinker, Jill Manthorpe, Simon Biggs, and Bob Erens (June 2007, .pdf format, 181p., with an accompanying press release, Microsoft Word format, 3p.).

More information about CR:



A. Today's Research on Aging (No. 4, June 2007, .pdf format, 4p.).

B. "Growing Older in America: What You Need to Know About the Health and Retirement Study" (webcast, running time, 1 hour, 22 minutes).



A. "The State of 50+ America 2007," by John Gist, Laurel Beedon, and Lisa Southworth (January 2007, .pdf format, 60p.).

B. "Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Influenza and Pneumococcal Immunization Rates among Medicare Beneficiaries," by Lynda Flowers (Issue Brief, June 2007, .pdf format, 6p.).

Click on "Issue Brief" for link to full text.

C. "Divided We Fail Research Reports" (2007). For more information on the "Divided We Fail campaign see:

Key findings for Iowa, Nevada, and South Carolina are available.

D. AARP Bulletin: June 2007 (June 2007). Selected articles from the latest _Bulletin_ are available at the site.


21. BROOKINGS INSTITUTION REPORT: ""Mapping the Growth of Older America: Seniors and Boomers in the Early 21st Century," by William H. Frey (Metropolitan Policy Program, June 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).


22. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE IN BRIEF: "Financing Long-Term Care: Lessons From Abroad," by Howard Gleckman (IB #7-8, June 2007, .pdf format, 9p.).


23. URBAN INSTITUTE ARTICLE: "Do I Really Deserve Even More Of Your Money?" by C. Eugene Steuerle (The Government We Deserve, June 2007).


24. INTERNATIONAL LONGEVITY CENTER USA PERIODICAL: ILC Policy Report (June 2007, .pdf format, 5p.).



A. "Attenuation of neuroinflammation and Alzheimer's disease pathology by liver x receptors," by Noam Zelcer, Negar Khanlou, Ryan Clare, Qingguang Jiang, Erin G. Reed-Geaghan, Gary E. Landreth, Harry V. Vinters, and Peter Tontonoz (Vol. 104, No. 25, Jun. 19, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 10601-10606). This article is available free of charge.

B. "Presenilin/{gamma}-secretase-dependent processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein regulates EGF receptor expression," by Yun-wu Zhang, Ruishan Wang, Qiang Liu, Han Zhang, Francesca-Fang Liao, and Huaxi Xu (Vol. 104, No. 25, Jun. 19, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 10613-10618). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 regulates osteoprogenitor cells and bone formation, and offers an anabolic treatment approach for osteoporosis," by Leonard Buckbinder, David T. Crawford, Hong Qi, Hua Zhu Ke, Lisa M. Olson, Kelly R. Long, Peter C. Bonnette, Amy P. Baumann, John E. Hambor, William A. Grasser, III, Lydia C. Pan, Thomas A. Owen, Michael J. Luzzio, Catherine A. Hulford, David F. Gebhard, Vishwas M. Paralkar, Hollis A. Simmons, John C. Kath, W. Gregory Roberts, Steven L. Smock, Angel Guzman-Perez, Thomas A. Brown, and Mei Li (Vol. 104, No. 25, Jun. 19, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 10619-10624). This article is available free of charge.

D. "Dendritic BC200 RNA in aging and in Alzheimer's disease," by El Mus, Patrick R. Hof, and Henri Tiedge (article abstract, Vol. 104, No. 25, Jun. 19, 2007, p. 10679-10684).


26 NATURE NEWS: "Scientists decry President Bush's veto of stem-cell bill," by Meredith Wadman (Jun. 21, 2007).


27. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Identifying Widely Covered Drugs and Drug Coverage Variation Among Medicare Part D Formularies," by Chien-Wen Tseng, Carol M. Mangione,; Robert H. Brook,; Emmett Keeler, and R. Adams Dudley (Vol. 297, No. 23, Jun. 20, 2007, p. 2596-2602).



A. "HRT and the Young at Heart," by Michael E. Mendelsohn and Richard H. Karas (Vol. 356, No. 25, Jun. 21, 2007, p. 2639-2641).

B. The Art of Aging: A Doctor's Prescription for Well-Being, by Sherwin B. Nuland. reviewed by A. Mark Clarfield (Vol. 356, No. 25, Jun. 21, 2007, p. 2660).


29. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL NEWS EXTRACT: "Bush says he will veto stem cell funding, despite vote in favour in Congress," by Jeanne Lenzer (Vol. 334, No. 7606, Jun. 16, 2007, p. 1243).


30. TIME ARTICLE: "Where Retirement Works," by Justin Fox (Jun. 14, 2007).,9171,1633069,00.html


II. Working Papers:


A. "Do Older Adults Know Their Spouses' End-of-Life Treatment Preferences? Evidence from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study," by Sara M. Moorman, Robert M. Hauser, and Deborah Carr (WP 2007-05, June 2007, .pdf format, 30p.).


Objectives: We document the accuracy with which older adults report their spouses' end-of-life health care preferences, and the degree to which they project their own preferences onto their spouse. Further, we examine how accuracy and projection are affected by one's gender, whether one is durable power of attorney for health care (DPAHC) for the spouse, whether the couple held conversations about preferences, and the spouse's health status.

Methods: We apply structural equation models to data obtained from 2,750 married couples who participated in the 2004 wave of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study.

Results: Individuals often nominated their spouse's preferences incorrectly. Measurement errors affected reports of one's own preferences as well as one's assessment of spousal preferences. Respondents assumed similarity to their spouses, and projected their own preferences onto the spouse. No contextual factors (i.e., gender, DPAHC status, conversations, and health status) altered these results.

Discussion: Assumed similarity may assist spouses in making difficult decisions about treatment for their partners. Future work could examine the efficacy of interventions that promote assumed similarity as a route to good decision-making, as well as the conditions under which assumed similarity leads to problematic health care decisions.

B. "Work Complexity and Cognitive Functioning at Midlife: Cross-Validating the Kohn-Schooler Hypothesis in an American Cohort," by Robert M. Hauser and Carol Roan (WP 2007-08, January 2007, .pdf format, 34p.).


In an influential body of work extending across more than three decades and drawing on data from the United States, Poland, Japan, and the Ukraine, Melvin Kohn, Carmi Schooler, and their associates have found that cognitive capacities are affected by experiences on the job, specifically that working at a complex job improves cognitive functioning. These findings anticipate and parallel recent research on the relationships among social integration, leisure-time activities, and cognitive functioning among the elderly. This paper tests the Kohn-Schooler hypothesis using different measures, models, and data. Specifically, we estimate models of the reciprocal influence of work complexity and cognitive functioning at ages 53-54 among women and men who graduated from Wisconsin high schools in 1957. Even when adolescent academic ability test scores and high school rank have been controlled, we find moderate effects of the complexity of work on abstract reasoning ability at ages 53-54, and these effects are robust to reasonable assumptions about the unreliability of measurement of adolescent academic ability. Moreover, the effects of work complexity on abstract reasoning ability are virtually the same among women and men.


32. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH: "Demographic Change, Relative Factor Prices, International Capital Flows, and Their Differential Effects on the Welfare of Generations," by Alexander Ludwig, Dirk Krueger, and Axel H. Boersch-Supan (w13185, June 2007, .pdf format, 37p.).


Demographic change has differential impacts on the welfare of current and future generations. In a simple closed economy, aging -- a relative scarcity of young workers -- increases wages, increasing the welfare of the young. At the same time, population aging will reduce rates of return to capital, thereby reducing the welfare of asset holders who are usually older than the population average. In a global world with pension systems, however, these effects are less straightforward, since international capital flows dampen the factor price changes. Moreover, pay-as-you-go pension systems financed by payroll taxes create a wedge between net and gross wages, and their intergenerational redistribution has important additional effects on the welfare of generations. To quantify these effects, we develop a large-scale multi-country overlapping generations model with uninsurable labor productivity and mortality risk. Due to the predicted relative abundance of the factor capital, the rate of return falls between 2005 and 2050 by roughly 90 basis points. Our simulations indicate that capital flows from rapidly ageing regions to the rest of the world will initially be substantial, but that trends are reversed when households de-cumulate savings. In terms of welfare, our model suggests that young individuals with little assets and currently low labor productivity indeed gain from higher wages associated with population aging. Older, asset-rich households tend to loose because of the predicted decline in real returns to capital.


III. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

33. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 15, No. 3, July 2007).

34. Medical Care (Vol. 45, No. 7, July 2007).


35. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jun. 20, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jun. 20, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jun. 20, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jun. 20, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jun. 20, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Jun. 20, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


IV. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Harmonization of Longitudinal Cross-National Surveys of Aging (R21)" (PAS-07-387, Jun. 21, 2007, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

B. "Protein Homeostasis in Aging: Repair and Degradation (R21)" (RFA-AG-08-001, Jun. 13, 2007, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:


37. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES: "Services to Older Refugees" (HHS-2007-ACF-ORR-RL-0071. Jun. 18, 2007, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Refugee Resettlement). For more information see:


V. Conferences:

38. US BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS: "Conference on Methodologies for Measuring Pension Wealth," to be held Aug. 8, 2007, 1-5:30 pm, in Washington, DC. For more information see (.pdf format, 2p.).

A partial list of workshop papers (.pdf format) is available at:


39. US AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY: "AHRQ will be conducting a two-day hands-on HCUP (Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project) and MEPS (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey) Data Users Workshop in Rockville, Maryland, on September 19-20, 2007." For more information see:


40. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING CONFERENCES. AOA's Events Calendar has recently added several events. See under date and place for the following new listings:

October 25-26, 2007--Americus, Georgia


VI. Legislation Information Updates:

41. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON WAYS AND MEANS, SUBCOMMITTEE ON HEALTH HEARING TESTIMONY: "Hearing on Beneficiary Protections in Medicare Part D," a hearing held June 21, 2007.


42. US SENATE SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING TESTIMONY: "Harvest Over The Horizon: The Challenge of Aging in Agriculture," a hearing held Jun. 21, 2007, .pdf format). Note: a complete video transcript of the hearing is available at the site (RealPlayer format, running time: 59 minutes, 49 seconds).


VII. Websites of Interest:

43. FAMILY CAREGIVER ALLIANCE: "Caregiving Across the States" (2007, HTML and .pdf format). "Here you'll find information on publicly-funded caregiver support programs in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. You will find information on programs funded through the National Family Caregiver Support Program, Aged/Disabled Medicaid waivers, and state-funded programs that either have a caregiver-specific focus, or include a family caregiving component in their service package."


44. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE: "Elder Abuse" (2007). This NIJ metapage contains an overview of the problem, along with relevant links to other publications and web resources.


VIII. Bibliography Updates:

45. PANEL SURVEY OF INCOME DYNAMICS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATE: The following items have been added to the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research PSID Bibliography. The entire bibliography can be searched or browsed by author or keyword.

Rank, Mark and Hirschl, Thomas A. Poverty Across the Life Cycle: Evidence from the PSID. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 2007; 20(4):737-755.

Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706