Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #391--June 14, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE NEUROIMAGING INITIATIVE (ADNI): "The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) is a 5-year public-private partnership to test whether serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), other biological markers, and clinical and neuropsychological assessment can be combined to measure the progression of mild cognitive impairment and early Alzheimer's disease." Access to the database is by registration only:

Home page:


Related NIA Press Release: B. "Early Results from Alzheimer's Neuroimaging Biomarker Project Show Promise for Faster Study of Therapies," (June 10, 2007).


2. HM REVENUE AND CUSTOMS (UK) DATA TABLES: "Personal and stakeholder pensions by tax year," (.pdf and Excel format). Note: Data for two tables have been added: Personal pensions for employees and the self employed (Table 7.4); and, Stakeholder pensions for employees and the self employed (Table 7.5).


II. Reports and articles:


A. Growing Older in America: The Health & Retirement Study (2007, .pdf and ASCII text format, 102p.).

B. "Study Finds Mix of Disease Processes at Work in Brains of Most People with Dementia," (June 13, 2007).



A. Expenditures of the Aged Chartbook by Kimberly Burham (May 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 38p.).

B. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, May 2007," (June 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, May 2007," (June 2007, HTML and .pdf format).


5. CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE REPORT: "Factors Underlying the Growth in Medicare's Spending for Physicians' Services," (June 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).



A. "Long-Term Care Insurance: Partnership Programs Include Benefits That Protect Policyholders and Are Unlikely to Result in Medicaid Savings," (GAO-07-231, May 2007, .pdf format, 79p.).

B. "Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board: Due Diligence Over Administrative Expenses Should Continue and Be Broadened," (GAO-07-541, May 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO correspondence is available at:


7. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Quality Concerns Identified Through Quality Improvement Organization Medical Record Reviews," (OEI-01-06-00170, May 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

This evaluation examines the Quality Improvement Organizations' (QIO) role in protecting beneficiaries from poor quality of care. The report determines the extent to which QIOs identify quality-of-care concerns through medical record reviews and what interventions QIOs take in response to confirmed concerns. CMS contracts with QIOs to oversee and enhance the quality of care within Medicare and to protect over 40 million Medicare beneficiaries. QIOs have a statutory and contractual obligation to review medical records to ensure that care meets professional standards.

OIG found that QIOs selected 318,018 cases for payment, utilization, non coverage, and quality-of-care reviews between February 1, 2003, and January 31, 2006. QIOs completed full quality-of-care reviews on 34,768 of these cases, and confirmed one or more quality concerns in 6,439 (19 percent) of them. QIOs assigned the two lowest classifications to more than 80 percent of the cases with a confirmed quality concern. QIOs recommended one or more corrective actions in 4,645 cases (72 percent) with a confirmed concern. QIOs imposed no corrective actions in 1,794 cases (28 percent) with a confirmed quality concern; in 70 percent of the cases with corrective actions, QIOs recommended the least severe corrective action available. This raises questions about the effectiveness of the QIO case reviews.

OIG concludes that it is essential that QIOs meet their statutory and contractual responsibility to review care provided to Medicare beneficiaries. For this reason, the case review function warrants continued attention.


8. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES DECISION MEMORANDUM: "Decision Memo for Ultrasound Diagnostic Procedures (CAG-00309R)," (May 22, 2007).


9. NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER PRESENTATION: "Economic Impact of Elderly on North Dakota's Economy," (June 2007, PowerPoint format).



10. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "Residential aged care in Australia 2005-06: a statistical overview," (Aged care statistics series no. 24, June 2007, .pdf format, 85p.).


11. CABINET OFFICE [JAPAN] REPORT: "Annual Report on the Aging Society: 2006," (2007, .pdf format). Note: The report is available as individual chapters.



A. "Attitudes to pensions: The 2006 survey," by Elizabeth Clery, Stephen McKay, Miranda Phillips and Chloe Robinson (Research Report No. 434, June 2007, .pdf format, 204p.).

B. "Live now, save later? Young people, saving and pensions," by Nick Pettigrew, Jayne Taylor, Caroline Simpson, Joe Lancaster and Richard Madden (Research Report No. 438, June 2007, .pdf format, 112p.).



A. "Medicare Reform Options," (June 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).

B. "Medicare's Financial Condition: Beyond Actuarial Balance," (April 2007, .pdf format, 7p.).

C. "Social Security Reform Options," (January 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).

About the Academy:


14. BROOKINGS INSTITUTION REPORT: "Mapping the Growth of Older America : Seniors and Boomers in the Early 21st Century," by William H. Frey (June 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).


15. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE NEWSLETTER: EBRI Notes (Vol. 28, No. 6, June 2007, .pdf format, 11p.). Note: The articles in this issue include: "Labor-Force Participation: The Population Age 55 and Older," by Craig Copeland; "Tax Expenditures and Employee Benefits: Estimates From the FY 2008 Budget," by Ken McDonnell.


16. THE CENTURY FOUNDATION ISSUE BRIEF: "Facing the Problems of Providing Long-Term Care for the Oldest Old," by Beverly Goldberg (June 2007, .pdf format, 15p.).


17. CENTER ON AGING AND WORK/WORKPLACE FLEXIBILITY [BOSTON COLLEGE] ISSUE BRIEF: "Does Health Insurance Affect the Employment of Older Workers?" by Joanna Lahey (Issue Brief No. 8, June 2007, .pdf format, 7p.).


18. METLIFE MATURE MARKET INSTITUTE REPORT: "What Today's Women Need to Know : A Retirement Journey," (May 2007, .pdf format, 28p.).


19. RETIREMENT SECURITY PROJECT BRIEF: "State by State: Workers Without Access to Employer-Sponsored Retirement Plan," (June 2007, .pdf format, 1p.).


20. AARP PRIME TIME RADIO: The following Prime Time Radio show (RealPlayer format, running times, between 23 and 30 minutes) has been added to the PTR site:

Changing the Perception of Aging (June 12, 2007).

Note: this is a temporary address. When new PTR shows are released, these will be available at:



A. "Long-term monitoring of transplanted human neural stem cells in developmental and pathological contexts with MRI," by Raphael Guzman, Nobuko Uchida, Tonya M. Bliss, Dongping He, Karen K. Christopherson, David Stellwagen, Alexandra Capela, Joan Greve, Robert C. Malenka, Michael E. Moseley, Theo D. Palmer, and Gary K. Steinberg (Vol. 104, No. 24, June 12, 2007, p. 10211-10216).

B. "Stepwise proteolysis liberates tau fragments that nucleate the Alzheimer-like aggregation of full-length tau in a neuronal cell model," by Y. P. Wang, J. Biernat, M. Pickhardt, E. Mandelkow, and E.-M. Mandelkow (Vol. 104, No. 24, June 12, 2007, p. 10252-10257).


22. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "HDAC6 rescues neurodegeneration and provides an essential link between autophagy and the UPS," by Udai Bhan Pandey, Zhiping Nie, Yakup Batlevi, Brett A. McCray, Gillian P. Ritson, Natalia B. Nedelsky, Stephanie L. Schwartz, Nicholas A. DiProspero, Melanie A. Knight, Oren Schuldiner, Ranjani Padmanabhan, Marc Hild, Deborah L. Berry, Dan Garza, Charlotte C. Hubbert, Tso-Pang Yao, Eric H. Baehrecke, and J. Paul Taylor (Vol. 447, No. 7146, June 14, 2007, p. 860-864).


23. NATURE MEDICINE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Telomere dysfunction induces environmental alterations limiting hematopoietic stem cell function and engraftment," by Zhenyu Ju, Hong Jiang, Maike Jaworski, Chozhavendan Rathinam, Anne Gompf, Christoph Klein, Andreas Trumpp, & K. Lenhard Rudolph (Vol. 13, No. 6, June 2007, p. 742-747).


24. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Interventions to promote walking: systematic review," by David Ogilvie, Charles E. Foster, Helen Rothnie, Nick Cavill, Val Hamilton, Claire F. Fitzsimons, Nanette Mutrie, on behalf of the Scottish Physical Activity Research Collaboration (SPARColl) (Vol. 334, No. 7605, June 9, 2007, p. 1204-1207).


25. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Preoperative Hematocrit Levels and Postoperative Outcomes in Older Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery," by Wen-Chih Wu, Tracy L. Schifftner, William G. Henderson, Charles B. Eaton, Roy M. Poses, Georgette Uttley, Satish C. Sharma, Michael Vezeridis, Shukri F. Khuri, and Peter D. Friedmann (Vol. 297, No. 22, June 13, 2007, p. 2481-2488).



A. "Confronting Alzheimer's," by Barbara Kantrowitz and Karen Springen (June 18, 2007).

B. "Insuring Your Future Care," by Jane Bryant Quinn (June 18, 2007).

C. "A Guide for Caregivers," by Joan Raymond (June 18, 2007).


III. Working Papers:


A. "Individual Account Investment Options and Portfolio Choice: Behavioral Lessons from 401(k) Plans," by Jeffrey R. Brown, Nellie Liang, and Scott Weisbenner (w13169, June 2007, .pdf format, 42p.).


This paper examines how the menu of investment options made available to workers in defined contribution plans influences portfolio choice. Using unique panel data of 401(k) plans in the U.S., we present three principle findings. First, we show that the share of investment options in a particular asset class (i.e., company stock, equities, fixed income, and balanced funds) has a significant effect on aggregate participant portfolio allocations across these asset classes. Second, we document that the vast majority of the new funds added to 401(k) plans are high-cost actively managed equity funds, as opposed to lower-cost equity index funds. Third, because the average share of assets invested in low-cost equity index funds declines with an increase in the number of options, average portfolio expenses increase and average portfolio performance is thus depressed. All of these findings are obtained from a panel data set, enabling us to control for heterogeneity in the investment preferences of workers across firms and across time.

B. "Estate Taxation, Entrepreneurship, and Wealth," by Marco Cagetti and Mariacristina De Nardi (w13160, June 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).


We study the effects of abolishing estate taxation in a quantitative and realistic framework that includes the key features that policy makers are worried about: business investment, borrowing constraints, estate transmission, and wealth inequality. We use our model to estimate effective estate taxation. We consider various tax instruments to reestablish fiscal balance when abolishing estate taxation. We find that abolishing estate taxation would not generate large increases in inequality, and would, in some cases, generate increases in aggregate output and capital accumulation. If, however, the resulting revenue shortfall were financed through increased income or consumption taxation, the immensely rich, and the old among those in particular, would experience a welfare gain, at the cost of welfare losses for the vast majority of the population.


28. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL (WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA): "The Age of Reason: Financial Decisions Over the Lifecycle," by Sumit Agarwal, John C. Driscoll, Xavier Gabaix, and David Laibson (WP2007-13, June 2007, .pdf format, 51p.). Note: Free registration is required prior to providing access to full-text content. Links to the full-text and abstract can be found at:


29. GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY [WASHINGTON DC] LONG TERM CARE FINANCING PROJECT: GULTCFP HAS RELEASED 8 new working papers (all June 2007, all .pdf format). The papers (No's. 1-8 are available at: In addition, they have also released an overview paper: "Long-Term Care Financing: Options for the Future," by Judith Feder, Harriet L. Komisar, and Robert B. Friedland (June 2007, .pdf format, 82p.). All papers are available at:


30. BROOKINGS INSTITUTE: "Taxing Privilege More Effectively: Replacing the Estate Tax with an Inheritance Tax," by Lily L. Batchelder (Hamilton Project Discussion Paper 2007-07, June 2007, .pdf format, 59p.). Links to the full-text and abstract can be found at:


31. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Effects of Intergenerational Transfers on Elderly Coresidence with Adult Children: Evidence from Rural India," by Sarmistha Pal (Discussion Paper No. 2847, June 2007, .pdf format, 34p.).


The present paper argues that intergenerational transfers between elderly parents and adult children are important determinants of any coresidency arrangement though generally overlooked in the existing literature. In this respect the paper distinguishes between exchange of both financial and other kinds of transfers between elderly parents and adult children and then examines the effects of these transfers on coresidency taking account of the inherent endogeneity of these transfers to coresidency decision. There is evidence that the effects of transfers on coresidency arrangements could be biased if one does not correct for the endogeneity bias. The corrected estimates derived from a system of correlated and recursive system of transfers and coresidency equations suggest that the probability of coresidence is generally lower among the better off elderly; the likelihood is also lower for the older and female elderly without a spouse and also those with poor health, thus necessitating social protection for these disadvantaged elderly.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

32. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 166, No. 1, Jul. 1, 2007).

33. The Gerontologist (Vol. 47, No. 3, June 2007). Note: Full text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database and issue

34. International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 65, No. 1, 2007).

35. International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 19, No. 3, June 2007)

36. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (Vol. 6, No. 2, July 2007).

37. Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 19, No. 1/2, 2007).

38. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying (Vol. 54. No. 4 2006/07, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2007).


39. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of June 13, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of June 13, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of June 13, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of June 13, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of June 13, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of June 13, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding/Employment Opportunities:


A. "Pension Counseling & Information Projects," (HHHS-2007-AoA-PC-0711, Center for Wellness and Community-Based Services, 2007). Note: The deadline for receipt of applications is July 20, 2007

B. "National Consumer Protection Technical Resource Center," (HHS-2007-AoA-NP-0712, Center for Wellness and Community-Based Services, 2007). The deadline date for submission of applications is July 20, 2007. Applicants are encouraged to Email the SMP Project Officer, Barbara Lewis, of their Notice of Intent to apply no later than June 29, 2007.



A. "Advancing Novel Science in Women's Health Research (ANSWHR) [R21]," (PAS-07-381, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, June 11, 2007).

B. "Advancing Novel Science in Women's Health Research (ANSWHR)(R03)," (PAS-07-382, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, June 11, 2007).


42. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING: "Health Scientist Administrator - NIA," (NIA-07-186387-CR-DE).


43. GERONTOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: GAA has updated it's employment opportunities with opportunities from June 5-12, 2007.


VI. Conferences:

44. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.

Newly added conference listings (click on the titles at for more information).

Texas Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Care 23 August 2007 Austin Texas

Risk Australia 25 September 2007 Sydney Australia

Aging With Passion and Purpose, A Conference on Aging 21 October 2007 Omaha Nebraska

The Savings Market 06 November 2007 London United Kingdom


45. ADMINISTRATION ON AGING (AOA), THE AGENCY FOR HEALTHCARE RESEARCH AND QUALITY (AHRQ), THE CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION (CDC), THE CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES (CMS), AND THE HEALTH RESOURCES AND SERVICES ADMINISTRATION (HRSA): "Improving Hispanic Elders' Health: Community Partnerships for Evidence-Based Solutions," (June 2007). "Phase I of the project will feature an in-person workshop for up to seven teams from major metropolitan areas selected on a competitive basis. Each team will consist of approximately six people representing local Hispanic community organizations, aging services providers, health care providers, local public health agencies, and the Area Agency on Aging." Applications will be due July 24, 2007 and the workshop will be held October 23-25, 2007. "No grants will be made through this project, but technical assistance will be available to teams, as well as travel support for team members who otherwise would not be able to participate in the Phase I workshop."


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

46. US HOUSE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR HEARING PUBLICATION: "Are Hidden 401(K) Fees Undermining Retirement Security?" a hearing held March 6, 2007 (Serial No. 110-7, .pdf and ASCII text format, 61p.).

Search for '110-7'.




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400