Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #388--May 24, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced the availability of the HRS 2006 Participant Lifestyle Questionnaire (.pdf format, 32p.).


2. HUMAN MORTALITY DATABASE UPDATE: Note: HMR requires free registration before providing data. Data for Austria has been updated through 2005. Data for Portugal has been revised and extended backwards to 1840.

Data availability:

Data access:


3. Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research: ICPSR at he University of Michigan released a new dataset on May 21, 2007 which may be of interest to researchers in aging. Note: Some ICPSR studies are available only to ICPSR member institutions. To find out whether your organization is a member, and whether or not it supports ICPSR Direct downloading, see:

National Longitudinal Survey of Older Men, 1966-1990 (No. 4675).


4. UK Data Archive (Essex University, Colchester, UK): The UK Data Archive has recently added the following datasets to its holdings. Note: There maybe charges or licensing requirements on holdings of the UK Data Archive. For more information see:

SN 5050 -English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: Wave 0 (1998, 1999 and 2001) and Waves 1-2 (2002-2005) Update:

"A file containing self-completion data relating to personal beliefs and wellbeing, otherwise known as the 'Ryff' scale, and accompanying documentation, have been added to the dataset. In addition, the questionnaire from the Nurse Visit has been added to the Wave 2 documentation."


II. Reports and articles:


A. SSI Annual Statistical Report, 2005 (May 2007, HTML, .pdf, and Microsoft Excel format, 123p.).

B. Social Security Bulletin (Vol. 66, No. 4, April 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, April 2007 (May 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

D. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, April 2007 (May 2007, HTML and .pdf format).


6. US CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Prescription Drug Importation: How S. 242 / H.R. 380 Would Change Current Law," by Susan Thaul. (RS22660, May 11, 2007, .pdf format, 6p.)


7. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Opportunities to Improve Survey Measures of Late-Life Disability: Part I--Workshop Overview," by Vicki A. Freedman and Timothy Waidmann (September 2006, HTML and .pdf format, 30p.).



A. "Decision Memo for Ultrasound Diagnostic Procedures" (CAG-00309R, May 22, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 9p.).

B. "Medicare Advantage in 2007 (May 2007, Microsoft Word and PowerPoint format).

Click on "Medicare Advantage In 2007" under "News".


9. BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS ARTICLE: "Occupational Composition of the Elder Care Industries, May 2005," by Audrey Watson (Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2005, Bulletin 2585, May 2007, .pdf format, p. 53-67).


10. UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS PROCEEDINGS: "Proceedings of the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Social and Economic Implications of Changing Population Age Structures," held in Mexico City, Mexico Aug. 31-Sep. 2, 2005 (May 2007, .pdf format, 373p.).


11. STATISTICS NEW ZEALAND/TATAURANGA AOTEAROA REPORT: "Births and Deaths: March 2007 quarter" (Hot off the Press, May 2007, .pdf format, 10p.). The report is linked to from a SNZ/TA news release: "Female/Male Life Expectancy Gap Narrows" (May 17, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 1p.).

Click on title under "Hot off the Press" at the bottom of the news release.


12. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY OF HEALTH AND AGING REPORT: "Work Complexity and Cognitive Functioning at Midlife: Cross-Validating the Kohn-Schooler Hypothesis in an American Cohort," by Robert M. Hauser and Carol L. Roan (January 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).


In an influential body of work extending across more than three decades and drawing on data from the United States, Poland, Japan, and the Ukraine, Melvin Kohn, Carmi Schooler, and their associates have found that cognitive capacities are affected by experiences on the job, specifically that working at a complex job improves cognitive functioning. These findings anticipate and parallel recent research on the relationships among social integration, leisure-time activities, and cognitive functioning among the elderly. This paper tests the Kohn-Schooler hypothesis using different measures, models, and data. Specifically, we estimate models of the reciprocal influence of work complexity and cognitive functioning at ages 53-54 among women and men who graduated from Wisconsin high schools in 1957. Even when adolescent academic ability test scores and high school rank have been controlled, we find moderate effects of the complexity of work on abstract reasoning ability at ages 53-54, and these effects are robust to reasonable assumptions about the unreliability of measurement of adolescent academic ability. Moreover, the effects of work complexity on abstract reasoning ability are virtually the same among women and men.



A. "Can 1 + 1 = 3? A Look at Hybrid Insurance Products with Long-Term Care Insurance," by Marc P. Freiman (#2007-11, May 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).

B. "White Collar, Blue Collar, Gray Hair: The Changing Composition Of Georgia's Workforce," by Anita Stowell-Ritter (May 2007, .pdf format, 196p.).

C. "Spending Entitlements and Tax Entitlements," by John Gist (#2007-10, May 2007, .pdf format, 18p.).

D. "Preparing for an Aging Workforce: A Focus on New York Businesses," by Katherine Bridges and David Cicero (May 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).

E. "Strategies to Improve Health Care Quality in Virginia: Survey of Residents Age 50+," by Anita Stowell-Ritter (May 2007, .pdf format, 37p.).



A. "The New Generation Gap," by Mark Mather (May 2007).

B. "Savings and the Elderly" (Today's Research On Aging, Issue 3, May 2007, .pdf format, 5p.).


15. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN POPULATION STUDIES CENTER ELDERLY IN ASIA REPORT: "Nativity Differentials in Older Age Mortality in Taiwan: Do They Exist and Why?" by Albert Hermalin, Mary Beth Ofstedal, Cathy Sun, and I-Wen Liu (Elderly in Asia Report No. 07-63, May 2007, .pdf format, 47p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


16. UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN RETIREMENT RESEARCH CENTER PERIODICAL: Newsletter (Vol. 8, No. 2, May 2007, HTML and .pdf format).


17. BOSTON [MASSACHUSETTS] COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Do People Plan to Tap Their Home Equity in Retirement?" by Alicia H. Munnell, Mauricio Soto, and Jean-Pierre Aubry (IB #7-7, May 2007, .pdf format, 8p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "Exercise Programs for Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, by Paul G. Shekelle, Margaret Maglione, Walter Mojica, Sally C. Morton, Marika Suttorp, Wenli Tu, Elizabeth Roth, Lara Jungvig, Shannon Rhodes, Shin-Yi Wu, and Laurence Rubenstein (130p.).

B. "Falls Prevention Interventions in the Medicare Population," by Paul G. Shekelle, Margaret Maglione, John T. Chang, Walter Mojica, Sally C. Morton, Marika Suttorp, Elizabeth Roth, Shannon Rhodes, Shin-Yi Wu, and Sydne Newberry (163p.).

C. "Health Risk Appraisals and Medicare," by Paul G. Shekelle, Joan S. Tucker, Margaret Maglione, Sally C. Morton, Elizabeth Roth, Brian Chao, Shannon Rhodes, Shin-Yi Wu, and Sydne Newberry (148p.).

D. "Interventions to Promote Smoking Cessation in the Medicare Population," by Paul G. Shekelle, Erin Stone, Margaret Maglione, Walter Mojica, Sally C. Morton, Elizabeth Roth, Brian Chao, Shannon Rhodes, Laurence Rubenstein, Shin-Yi Wu, and Geoffrey F. Joyce (236p.).

E. "Interventions that Increase the Utilization of Medicare-Funded Preventive Services for Persons Age 65 and Older," by Paul G. Shekelle, Erin Stone, Margaret Maglione, Michael Hirt, Walter Mojica, Preethi Srikanthan, Tommy Tomizawa, Sally C. Morton, Brian Chao, Elizabeth Roth, Tamara Breuder, and Laurence Rubenstein (Pt. 1, 130p., Pt. 2, 148p.).



A. "The Impact of Part D on Dual Eligibles Who Spend-Down to Medicaid," by Barbara Coulter Edwards and Sandy Kramer, and Linda Elam (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured Issue Brief, May 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).

B. "Perspectives on Medicare Part D and Dual Eligibles: Key Informants' Views From Three States," by Laurie Buchsbaum, Janet Varon, Emma Kagel, Randolph T. Boyle, and Kathleen C. McGarvey (Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured, May 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).



A. "OGG1 initiates age-dependent CAG trinucleotide expansion in somatic cells," by Irina V. Kovtun, Yuan Liu, Magnar Bjoras, Arne Klungland, Samuel H. Wilson and Cynthia T. McMurray (Vol. 447, No. 7143, May 24, 2007, p. 447-452).

B. "Atomic structures of amyloid cross-bold beta spines reveal varied steric zippers," by Michael R. Sawaya, Shilpa Sambashivan, Rebecca Nelson, Magdalena I. Ivanova, Stuart A. Sievers, Marcin I. Apostol, Michael J. Thompson, Melinda Balbirnie, Jed J. W. Wiltzius, Heather T. McFarlane, Anders O. Madsen, Christian Riekel, and David Eisenberg (Vol. 447, No. 7143, May 24, 2007, p. 453-457).


21. LANCET ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing content. "Ovarian cancer and hormone replacement therapy in the Million Women Study," by Valerie Beral (Vol. 369, No. 9574, May 19, 2007, p. 1703-1710).


22. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "'I'm Sorry' Shouldn't Be the Hardest Words: Losing my father was painful enough without having other people try to talk me out of my grief," by Jess Decourcy Hinds (May 28, 2007).


23. US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT ARTICLE: "Add Bone, and Drop Pounds," by Deborah Kotz (May 28, 2007).


III. Working Papers:


A. "The Recent Evolution of Pension Funds in the Netherlands: The Trend to Hybrid DB-DC Plans and Beyond," by Eduard H.M. Ponds and Bart van Riel (WP 2007-9, April 2007, .pdf format, 32p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Literacy, Trust and 401(K) Savings Behavior," by Julie R. Agnew, Lisa Szykman, Stephen P. Utkus, and Jean A. Young (WP 2007-10, May 2007, .pdf format, 55p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. "Why Do Japanese Workers Remain in the Labor Force So Long?" (WP 2007-11, May 2007, .pdf format, 108p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:



A. "The Joy of Giving or Assisted Living? Using Strategic Surveys to Separate Bequest and Precautionary Motives," by John Ameriks, Andrew Caplin, Steven Laufer, and Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh (w13105, May 2007, .pdf format, 57p.).


Strong bequest motives can explain low retirement spending, but so equally can strong precautionary motives. Given this identification problem, the recent tradition has been largely to ignore bequest motives. We develop a rich model of spending in retirement that allows for both motives, and introduce a "Medicaid aversion" parameter that plays a key role in determining precautionary savings. We implement a "strategic" survey to resolve the identification problem between bequest and precautionary motives. We find that strong bequest motives are too prevalent to be ignored. Moreover, Medicaid aversion is widespread, and helps explain the low spending of many middle class retirees.

B. "Removing the Disincentives in Social Security for Long Careers," by Gopi Shah Goda, John B. Shoven, and Sita Nataraj Slavov (w13110, May 2007, .pdf format, 21p.).


Implicit taxes in Social Security, which measure Social Security contributions net of benefits accrued as a percentage of earnings, tend to increase over the life cycle. In this paper, we examine the effects of three potential policy changes on implicit Social Security tax rates: extending the number of years used in the Social Security formula from 35 to 40; allowing individuals who have worked more than 40 years to be exempt from payroll taxes; and distinguishing between lifetime low-income earners and high-income earners who work short careers. These three changes can be achieved in a benefit- and revenue-neutral manner, and create a pattern of implicit tax rates that are much less distortionary over the life cycle, eliminating the high implicit tax rates faced by many elderly workers. The effects of these policies on progressivity and women are also examined.


26. LEVY ECONOMIC INSTITUTE OF BARD COLLEGE [ANNANDALE-ON-HUDSON, NEW YORK]: "Economic Perspectives on Aging," by Dimitri B. Papadimitriou (Working Paper No. 500, May 2007, .pdf format, 24p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


27. WORLD BANK POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPERS: "The Mexican pension annuity market," by Gregorio Impavido (WPS 4236, May 2007, ASCII text and .pdf format, 47p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

28. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 165, Supplement 11, Jun. 1, 2007--Abstracts of the 40th Annual Meeting Society for Epidemiologic Research Boston, Massachusetts, June 19-22, 2007).

29. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 97, No. 6, June 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database.. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue.

30. Clinical Gerontologist (Vol. 30, No. 3, 2007).

31. Journal of Social Work (Vol. 7, No. 1, April 2007).

32. Journals of Gerontology (A) Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 62, Nos. 5, May 2007). Note: Full electronic text of these journals are available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

33. Medical Care (Vol. 45. No. 6, June 2007).

34. Research in Nursing and Health (Vol. 30, No. 3, June 2007).


35. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of May 23, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of May 23, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of May 23, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of May 23, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of May 23, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of May 23, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities/Employment Opportunities:

36. AGEWORK.COM EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: The Gerontological Society of America's website has added two employment opportunities to its website in the last week.

5/15/07 and 5/17/07 opportunities are the new listings.


37. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: "Health Scientist Administrator" (Opening Date May 7, 2007). For more information see:

and do a keyword search on "NIA-07-186387-CR-DE" (without the quotes).


38. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES: "National Alzheimer's Call Center" (HHS-2007-AoA-AC-0708, deadline date for applications, Jun. 29, 2007). The application is in Microsoft Word format, 41p.). It is linked to from the announcement at the US Administration on Aging:

See Announcement under "National Alzheimer's Call Center."


VI. Conferences:

39. HEALTHCARE EVENTS [UK]: "Palliative Care: Improving the Quality of end of life care," to be held in London, Sep. 11, 2007. For more information see:


40. "THE CENTER FOR HEALTHY AGING, MINISTRIES, PROGRAMS AND SERVICE (CHAMPS), THE UNIVERSITY OF NEBRASKA AT OMAHA SCHOOL OF SOCIAL WORK: "Aging With Passion And Purpose: Fall Conference on Aging," to be held Oct. 21-22 in Omaha, Nebraska. For more information see:




42. US ADMINISTRATION ON AGING CONFERENCES. AOA's Events Calendar has recently added several events. See under date and place for the following new listings:

May 29, 2007--Wailuku, Hawai'i

May 30, 2007--Henderson, Nevada

May 30, 2007--Roseville, California

May 31, 2007--Elizabeth, Colorado


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

43. US House of Representatives Ways and Means Subcommittee on Health Hearing: "Hearing on Medicare Advantage Private Fee-For-Service Plans," a hearing held May 22, 2007.


VIII. Websites of Interest:

44. NIHSENIORHealth UPDATE: The US National Institutes of Health have added a section on Skin Cancer to their NIHSenionHealth site.

Skin Cancer:



45. AARP AGING EVERYWHERE UPDATES: Information for the following countries has been updated in AARP's Aging Everywhere website: Romania; Iceland; Norway; Italy; Switzerland, Russian Federation, Denmark, Germany, Sweden, United Kingdom, Thailand, Azerbaijan Republic, Bangladesh, Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, China, India, Australia, and United States.


IX. Bibliography Updates:


These citations, along with all of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study bibliography, can be found at:


Moorman, S. M., Deborah. S. Carr, and Robert. M. Hauser. 2007. "Do Spouses Know Each Other~Rs End-of-Life Treatment Preferences?: Evidence From the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study." (CDE 2007-??). CDE Working Paper. 2007-??. Madison, Wisconsin: Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Yonker, James A., Robert M. Hauser, and Jeremy Freese. 2007. "The dimensionality and measurement of cognitive functioning at age 64 in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study: Preliminary Findings." CDE Working Paper. 2007-06. Madison, Wisconsin: Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Yonker, James A., Dean D. Krahn, Jeremy Freese, and Robert M. Hauser. 2007. "Alcohol Consumption and Later Life Cognitive Ability: The Effects of Correcting for Baseline Cognition." CDE Working Paper. 2007-07. Madison, Wisconsin: Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706