Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #373--February 8, 2007

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:


A. "Residential homes for the elderly in 2003" (January 2007, Microsoft Excel format).

B. "Nursing homes in 2003" (January 2007, Microsoft Excel format).


II. Reports and articles:


A. "International Update, January 2007," (January 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).

B. The Social Security Administration is releasing sub-sections of the "Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006" on a flow basis. SSA has recently added two sections (HTML and .pdf format):

Section 3 - Social Welfare and the Economy Section 5 - OASDI Benefits in Current-Payment Status


3. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Medicare Part B Services for Nursing Home Residents: 2002," (OEI-05-06-00240, January 2007, .pdf format, 22p.).


This memorandum report describes Medicare Part B services and allowed payments for nursing home residents not in a Medicare Part A covered stay during calendar year (CY) 2002. Previous studies by the Office of Inspector General (OIG) have determined that Medicare Part B payments for beneficiaries residing in nursing homes are particularly vulnerable to fraud and abuse. To protect the integrity of these Medicare payments, Congress required OIG to monitor potentially excessive or duplicative billing of Medicare Part B services for nursing home residents not in a Part A covered stay.

While this analysis does not establish whether CY 2002 payments are excessive or duplicative, it provides baseline data. Building on this work, OIG plans to assess more current data to help identify potential patterns and areas of questionable billing. As appropriate, OIG will review identified areas to establish the extent of excessive or duplicative payment and recommend controls to minimize or alleviate these payments.

This review found that Medicare allowed $5.3 billion for Part B services provided to 1.8 million nursing home residents who were not in a Part A covered stay in CY 2002. The $5.3 billion represents 5 percent of the total amount that Medicare allowed for all Part B services during CY 2002. Ten categories of service account for 79 percent of payments for Part B services for nursing home residents. In addition, payments varied by State for each of the top 10 categories.


4. CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Retirement Savings: How Much Will Workers Have When They Retire?" by Patrick Purcell and Debra B. Whitman (RL33845, January 2007, .pdf format, 37p.).


5. EUROPEAN COMMISSION DISCUSSION PAPER: "Healthy ageing: keystone for a sustainable Europe" (January 2007, .pdf format, 20p.).


6. STATISTICS NEW ZEALAND/TATAURANGA AOTEARO REFERENCE REPORT: "Demographic Trends (2006)" (January 2007, .pdf format, 169p.).


7. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Fraud and Error in the Benefit System from April 2005 to March 2006" (2007, .pdf format, 50p.).



A. "How Are New Retirees Doing Financially in Retirement?" by Craig Copeland (Issue Brief No. 302, February 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

B. "Retirement Plan Participation and Asset Allocation, 2004," (_EBRI Notes_, Vol. 28, No. 2, February 2007, .pdf format, 12p.).


9. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "What Happens to Health Benefits after Retirement?" by Richard W. Johnson (WOB No. 7, February 2007, .pdf format, 9p.).



A. "Medicare and Long-term Care," (February 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "Medicaid's Spousal Impoverishment Protections," (February 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).


11. CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES REPORT: "President's Budget Would Cut Food to 440,000 Low-Income Seniors," by Dorothy Rosenbaum (February 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 5p.).

More information about the Center:


12. SCIENCE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Protein Kinase C {beta} and Prolyl Isomerase 1 Regulate Mitochondrial Effects of the Life-Span Determinant p66Shc," by Paolo Pinton, Alessandro Rimessi, Saverio Marchi, Francesca Orsini, Enrica Migliaccio, Marco Giorgio, Cristina Contursi, Saverio Minucci, Fiamma Mantovani, Mariusz R. Wieckowski, Giannino Del Sal, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci, and Rosario Rizzuto (Vol. 315, No. 5812, February 2, 2007, p. 659-663).


13. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Endocannabinoid-mediated rescue of striatal LTD and motor deficits in Parkinson's disease models," by Anatol C. Kreitzer and Robert C. Malenka (Vol. 445, No. 7128, February 8, 2007, p. 643-647).



A. "APL-1, a Caenorhabditis elegans protein related to the human {beta}-amyloid precursor protein, is essential for viability," by Angela Hornsten, Jason Lieberthal, Shruti Fadia, Richard Malins, Lawrence Ha, Xiaomeng Xu, Isabelle Daigle, Mindy Markowitz, Gregory O'Connor, Ronald Plasterk, and Chris Li (Vol. 104, No. 6, February 6, 2007, p. 1971-1976).

B. "GST{pi} expression mediates dopaminergic neuron sensitivity in experimental parkinsonism," by Michelle Smeyne, Justin Boyd, Kennie Raviie Shepherd, Yun Jiao, Brooks Barnes Pond, Matthew Hatler, Roland Wolf, Colin Henderson, and Richard Jay Smeyne (Vol. 104, No. 6, February 6, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1977-1982). Note: _PNAS_ is providing open access to the full-text of this article.

C. "Age-dependent regulation of chromaffin cell proliferation by growth factors, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and DHEA sulfate," by Flavie Sicard, Monika Ehrhart-Bornstein, Denis Corbeil, Simone Sperber, Alexander W. Krug, Christian G. Ziegler, Valeria Rettori, Samuel M. McCann, and Stefan R. Bornstein (Vol. 104, No. 6, February 6, 2007, p. 2007-2012).


15. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Defining limits in care of terminally ill patients," by Ursula K. Braun, Rebecca J. Beyth, Marvella E. Ford, and Laurence B. McCullough (Vol. 334, No. 7587, February 3, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 239-241).


16. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Incidence of Cardiovascular Events in Women," by Kristin A. Miller, David S. Siscovick, Lianne Sheppard, Kristen Shepherd, Jeffrey H. Sullivan, Garnet L. Anderson, and Joel D. Kaufman (Vol. 356, No. 5, February 1, 2007, p. 447-458).


17. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Mortality Associated With Aprotinin During 5 Years Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery," by Dennis T. Mangano, Yinghui Miao, Alain Vuylsteke, Iulia C. Tudor, Rajiv Juneja, Daniela Filipescu, Andreas Hoeft, Manuel L. Fontes; Zak Hillel, Elisabeth Ott, Tatiana Tito, Cynthia Dietzel, and Jack Levin for the Investigators of The Multicenter Study of Perioperative Ischemia Research Group and the Ischemia Research and Education Foundation (Vol. 297, NO. 5, February 7, 2007, p. 471-479).


III. Working Papers:

18. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Job Creation and Job Destruction over the Life Cycle: The Older Workers in the Spotlight," by Jean-Olivier Hairault, Arnaud Cheron, and Fracois Langot (Discussion Paper 2597, February 2007, .pdf format, 58p.).


This paper extends the job creation - job destruction approach to the labor market to take into account the life-cycle of workers. Forward looking decisions about hiring and firing depend on the time over which to recoup adjustment costs. The equilibrium is typically featured by increasing (decreasing) firing (hiring) rates with age, and a hump-shaped age-dynamics of employment. The empirical plausibility of the model is assessed by incorporating existing age-specific labor market policies in France. Finally we show that the age-dynamics of employment is optimal when the Hosios condition holds and we design the optimal age-pattern for employment policies when this condition does not apply.


19. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/IFO INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [MUNICH, GERMANY]: "Efficiency in Family Bargaining: Living Arrangements and Caregiving Decisions of Adult Children and Disabled Elderly Parents," by Liliana E. Pezzin, Robert A. Pollak, and Barbara S. Schone (CESifo Working Paper No. 1908, February 2007, .pdf format, 40p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found:,302752&_dad=portal&_schema =PORTAL&p_file_id=13880


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

20. Journals of Gerontology (B): Psychological and Social Sciences (Vols. 62, Nos. 2, January 2007). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.


21. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search" C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button. E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Psychogeriatrics (Vol. 19, No. 1, 2007).

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 15 No. 1, 2007).


22. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of February 7, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of February 7, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of February 7, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of February 7, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of February 7, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of February 7, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

23. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: "Request for Information: Potentional Resources and Techniques for Animal Models of Comorbidities in Aging," (NOT-AG-07-005, National Institute on Aging, February 2, 2007).


24. US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY: "Request for Applications: Smart Growth Implementation Assistance," (February 2007).


VI. Conferences:

25. UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE: "2007 UNECE Conference on Aging," Leon, Spain (November 6-8, 2007).


26. BELGIAN PLATFORM ON POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Population Ageing. Towards an Improvement of the Quality of Life?" a conference to be held March 1, 2007 (Brussels). The deadline for registration is Feb. 17, 2007.


Registration Form:


VII. Websites of Interest:

27. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION WEBSITE UPDATE: has recently updated its website. For the updates see:

New items are available for Feb. 1, 2007. The entry for "Medicare Beneficiaries with Creditable Prescription Drug Coverage by Type, as of January 16, 2007" may be of interest to researchers in aging.


28. HRS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study has recently updated its bibliography. The full bibliography can be found at:

HRS has also added a new page that enables users to search for online citations. The search page can be found at:

Journal Article:

Berry, B. M., What Accounts for Race and Ethnic Differences in Parental Financial Transfers to Adult Children in the United States? Journal of Family Issues, vol. 27, pp. 15832006.

Cantoni, E., Field, C., Mills Fleming, J., and Ronchetti, E., Longitudinal Variable Selection by Cross-Validation in the Case of Many Covariates Statistics in Medicine, vol. 26, pp. 919-930, 2007.

Johnson, R. W. and LoSasso, A. T., The Impact of Elder Care on Women's Labor Supply Inquiry, vol. 2006, pp. 3

Kim, H. and Lee, J., The Impact of Comorbidity on Wealth Changes in Later Life Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 61B, pp. S3072006.

Kim, H. and Richardson, V. E., Driving Cessation and Consumption Expenses in the Later Years Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 61B, pp. S3472006.

Lang, I., Guralnik, J., Wallace, R. B., and Meltzer, D., What Level of Alcohol Consumption Is Hazardous for Older People? Functioning and Mortality in U.S. and English National Cohorts Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 55, pp. 49-2007.

Lee, S. J., Lindquist, K., Segal, M. R., and Covinsky, K. E., Development and Validation of a Prognostic Index for 4-year Mortality in Older Adults Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 295 , pp. 801-808 , 2006.

Mitchell, O. S. and Phillips, J. W., Social Security Replacement Rates for Alternative Earnings Benchmarks Benefits Quarterly, vol. 22, pp. 372006.

Reyes-Gibby, C. C., Aday, L. A., Todd, K. H., Cleeland, C. S., and Anderson, K. O., Pain in Aging Community-Dwelling Adults in the United States: Non-Hispanic Whites, Non-Hispanic Blacks, and Hispanics The Journal of Pain, vol. 8, pp. 75-84, 2007.

Song, J., Chang, R. D., Manheim, L. M., and Dunlop, D. D., Gender Differences across Race/Ethnicity in Use of Health Care among Medicare-Aged Americans Journal of Women's Health, vol. 15, pp. 1205-1213, 2006.

Wray, L. A., Alwin, D. F., McCammon, R. J., Manning, T., and Best, L. E., Social Status, Risky Health Behaviors, and Diabetes in Middle-Aged and Older Adults Journals of Social Sciences, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 61B, pp. S2902006.


Benitez-Silva, H.A., Dwyer, D.S., and Sanderson, W.C., A Dynamic Model of Retirement and Social Security Reform Expectations: A Solution to the New Early Retirement Puzzle 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Bloom, D.E., Canning, D., Moore, M., and Song, Y., The Effect of Subjective Survival Probabilities on Retirement and Wealth in the United States 2006. NBER Working Paper #12688. National Bureau of Economic Research.

Congdon-Hohman, J., The Impact of Health Insurance Availability on Retirement Decision Reversals 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Delavande, A., Perry, M., and Willis, R.J., Probabilistic Thinking and Early Social Security Claiming 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Gustman, A.L. and Steinmeier, T.L., How Changes in Social Security Affect Retirement Trends 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Haider, S.J. and Stephens Jr., M., How Accurate are Expected Retirement Savings? 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

House, C., Laitner, J.P., and Stolyarov, D., Home Production by Dual Earner Couples and Consumption During Retirement 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Hurd, M.D. and Rohwedder, S., Alternative Measures of Replacement Rates 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. The University of Michigan.

Juster, F.T., Hill, D.H., Cao, H., and Perry, M., Enhancing the Quality of Data on the Measurement of Income and Wealth 2007. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Laitner, J.P. and Silverman, D., Consumption, Retirement, and Social Security: Evaluating the Efficiency of Reform with a Life-Cycle Model 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Lusardi, A., Planning and Financial Literacy: How Do Women Fare? 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Lusardi, A. and Mitchell, O.S., Financial Literacy and Retirement Preparedness: Evidence and Implications for Financial Education Programs 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Maestas, N. and Li, X., Discouraged Workers? Job Search Outcomes of Older Workers 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Michaud, P.-C. and van Soest, A., How Did the Elimination of the Earnings Test Above the Normal Retirement Age Affect Retirement Expectations? 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Rohwedder, S., Self-Assessed Retirement Outcomes: Determinants and Pathways 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Schimmel, J., Men With Health Insurance and the Women Who Love Them: the Effect of a Husband's Retirement on His Wife's Health Insurance Coverage 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Schmidt, L. and Sevak, P., Taxes, Wages, and the Labor Supply of Older Americans 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Sevak, P. and Walker, L., The Responsiveness of Private Savings to Medicaid Long Term Care Policies 2007. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
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