Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #371--January 25, 2007


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced the following data alert and data file:

A. "2004 HRS Core (Final Release, Version 1.0): Some values in Section Q changed for five respondents," (Jan. 22, 2007).

B. "2001 Consumption and Activities Mail Survey (CAMS) Final Version 1.0," (January 24, 2007).


II. Reports and articles:


A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, December 2006 (January 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, December 2006 (January 2007, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "International Update, December 2006," (January 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).

3. US BUREAU OF JUSTICE STATISTICS REPORT: "Medical Causes of Death in State Prisons, 2001-2004," by Christopher J. Mumola (NCJ 216340, January 2007, .pdf, ASCII, and zipped Excel format, 12p.).

4. STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA STATE DATA CENTER PRESENTATION: "Elderly Trends in the Region," (January 2007, Microsoft PowerPoint format, 30 slides).


5. COURT OF JUSTICE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY JUDICIAL DECISION: "Judgment of the Court of Justice in Case C-278/05 : Carol Marilyn Robins and Others v Secretary of State for Work and Pensions," (January 2007, HTML format).

Follow link to Judgment.

Related Press Release:

6. ISRAEL CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS REPORT: "Complete Life Tables of Israel: 2000-2004; 2001-2005," (December 2006, .pdf format, 56p., with tables in Microsoft Excel format).

7. CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH AT BOSTON COLLEGE ISSUE BRIEF: "Households 'At Risk': A Closer Look at the Bottom Third," by Alicia H. Munnell, Francesca Golub-Sass, Pamela Perun, and Anthony Webb (IB No. 2007-2, January 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).


A. "The Role of Private Plans in Medicare's Future," (January 23, 2007, MP3 format, running time 1:21:18).

B. "Health Insurance Coverage and Costs at Older Ages: Evidence From the Health and Retirement Study," by Richard W. Johnson (September 2006, .pdf format, 63p.).

Click on "Click here for more information on this title" for link to full text.


A. "Population Aging, Entitlement Growth, and the Economy," by John R. Gist (2007-01, January 2007, .pdf format, 64p.).

B. "Long-Term Care Choices: A Survey of Arkansas Residents Age 40+," by Joanne Binette (January 2007, .pdf format, 24p.).

C. "Just Getting By: Unmet Need for Personal Assistance Services Among Persons 50 or Older with Disabilities," by Mary Jo Gibson and Satyendra Verma (December 2006, .pdf format, 42p.).

D. "A Growing Crisis in Health and Long-Term Services and Supports for Older Persons with Disabilities: Changes from 2002-2005," by Mary Jo Gibson (December 2006, .pdf format, 30p.).

E. "NCCAM" (AARP Prime Time Radio, Jan. 23, 2007, RealPlayer plug-in or helper application needed to hear this audio transcript, running times are usually between about 25 and 30 minutes).

Note: this is a temporary address. When future PTRs are released, these will be available at:

10. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Beyond Cash and Counseling: The Second Generation of Individual Budget-Based Community Long-Term Care Programs for the Elderly," (January 2007, .pdf format, 68p.).

11. VANGUARD CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH REPORT: "Six Paths to Retirement," (Vol. 26, January 2007, .pdf format, 27p.).

Clip on "View" for full-text.

12. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report" (International Longevity Center, USA, January 2007, .pdf format, 5p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

13. MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY WEEKLY REPORT ARTICLE: "Use of Mammograms Among Women Aged >40 Years --- United States, 2000--2005," (Vol. 56, No. 03, January 26, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 49-51).




A. "Progressive parkinsonism in mice with respiratory-chain-deficient dopamine neurons," by Mats I. Ekstrand, Mügen Terzioglu, Dagmar Galter, Shunwei Zhu, Christoph Hofstetter, Eva Lindqvist, Sebastian Thams, Anita Bergstrand, Fredrik Sterky Hansson, Aleksandra Trifunovic, Barry Hoffer, Staffan Cullheim, Abdul H. Mohammed, Lars Olson, and Nils-Göran Larsson (Vol. 104, No. 4, January 23, 2007, p. 1325-1330).

B. "Androgen receptor decoy molecules block the growth of prostate cancer," by Steven N. Quayle, Nasrin R. Mawji, Jun Wang, and Marianne D. Sadar (Vol. 104, No. 4, January 23, 2007, p. 1331-1336).

C. "Cdc42 GTPase-activating protein deficiency promotes genomic instability and premature aging-like phenotypes," by Lei Wang, Linda Yang, Marcella Debidda, David Witte, and Yi Zheng (Vol. 104, No. 4, January 23, 2007, p. 1248-1253).

15. LANCET ARTICLE ABSTRACT: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles. "Effect of 3-year folic acid supplementation on cognitive function in older adults in the FACIT trial: a randomised, double blind, controlled trial," by Dr. Jane Durga, Martin P.J. van Boxtel, Prof. Evert G. Schouten, Prof. Frans J. Kok, Prof. Jelle Jolles, Martijn B. Katan, and Petra Verhoef (Vol. 369, No. 9557, January 20, 2007, p. 208-216).

16. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Risk of Subsequent Fracture After Low-Trauma Fracture in Men and Women," by Jacqueline R. Center, Dana Bliuc, Tuan V. Nguyen, and John A. Eisman (Vol. 297, No. 4, January 24/31, 2007, p. 387-394).


III. Working Papers:


A. "The Importance of Objective Health Measures in Predicting Early Receipt of Social Security Benefits: The Case of Fatness," by Richard V. Burkhauser and John H. Cawley (WP 2006-148, December 2006, .pdf format, 37p.). Note: A link to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "The Responsiveness of Private Savings to Medicaid Long Term Care Policies," by Purvi Sevak and Lina Walker (WP 2007-150, January 2007, .pdf format, 33p.). Note: A link to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


A. "The Decline of Defined Benefit Retirement Plans and Asset Flows," by James Poterba, Steven Venti, and David A. Wise (w12834, January 2007, .pdf format, 46p.).


Demographic change can have an important effect on the stock of assets held in defined benefit pension plans. This paper projects the impact of changes in the age structure of the U.S. population between 2005 and 2040 on the stock of assets held by these plans. It projects the contributions to and withdrawals from these plans. These projections are combined with estimates of the future evolution of assets in 401(k)-like plans to describe the prospective impact of demographic change on the stock of assets in retirement plans. Information on demography-linked changes in asset demand is a critical input to evaluating the potential impact of population aging on asset returns.

B. "Who Chooses Defined Contribution Plans?" by Jeffrey R. Brown and Scott J. Weisbenner (w12842, January 2007, .pdf format, 34p.).


This paper provides new evidence on what types of individuals are most likely to choose a defined contribution (DC) plan over a defined benefit (DB) plan. Making use of administrative data from the State Universities Retirement System (SURS) of Illinois, we study the decisions of nearly 50,000 new employees who make a one-time, irrevocable choice between a traditional DB plan, a portable DB plan, and an entirely self-managed DC plan. Because the SURS-covered earnings of these employees are not covered under the Social Security system, their choices provides insight into the DB vs. DC preferences of individuals with regard to a primary source of their retirement income. We find that a majority of participants fail to make an active decision and are thus defaulted into the traditional DB plan after 6 months. We also find that those individuals who are most likely to be financially sophisticated are most likely to choose the self-managed DC plan, despite the fact that, given plan parameters, the DC plan is inferior to the portable DB plan under reasonable assumptions about future financial market returns. We discuss both rational and behavioral reasons that might explain this finding.

C. "Prescription Drug Insurance and Its Effect on Utilization and Health of the Elderly," by Nasreen Khan, Robert Kaestner, and Swu Jane Lin (w12848, January 2007, .pdf format, 47p.).


The Medicare Modernization Act was recently established, to provide limited drug coverage to the elderly. However, there is limited evidence on how drug coverage might affect health. The goal of this paper is to obtain "causal effects" of prescription drug coverage on drug use, use of other medical services and health of the elderly. We use fixed-effects analysis to control for unmeasured person-specific effects that may confound the relationships of interest. Results show prescription drug coverage, particularly public coverage, significantly increased the utilization of prescription drugs, but had no discernable effect on hospital admissions or health.

D. "The Farm, the City, and the Emergence of Social Security," by Elizabeth M. Caucutt, Thomas F. Cooley, and Nezih Guner (w12854, January 2007, .pdf format, 37p.).


During the period from 1880 to 1950, publicly managed retirement security programs became an important part of the social fabric in most advanced economies. In this paper we study the social, demographic and economic origins of social security. We describe a model economy in which demographics, technology, and social security are linked together. We study an economy with two locations (sectors), the farm (agricultural) and the city (industrial). The decision to migrate from rural to urban locations is endogenous and linked to productivity differences between the two locations and survival probabilities. Furthermore, the level of social security is determined by majority voting. We show that a calibrated version of this economy is consistent with the historical transformation in the United States. Initially a majority of voters live on the farm and do not want to implement social security. Once a majority of the voters move to the city, the median voter prefers a positive social security tax, and social security emerges.

E. "Health Information and Subjective Survival Probability: Evidence from Taiwan," by Jin-Tan Liu, Meng-Wen Tsou, and James Hammitt (w12864, January 2007, .pdf format, 36p.).


The effect of new health information on individuals' expectations about their longevity is examined using a Bayesian learning model. Using two-period panel-structured survey data from Taiwan, we find that subjective probabilities of living to age 75 and 85 are significantly smaller for respondents with more abnormal medical test outcomes and for those receiving more extensive advice on health behavior from their physicians. The subjective probability of survival declines with health shocks such as developing heart disease. Using pooled cross-sectional data, we find that males and married persons are more optimistic about their longevity expectations than females and single persons, and that income is strongly correlated with the subjective probability of living to age 75. Consistent with previous studies, the longevity of the same-sex parent is strongly associated with an individual's own expectation of living to age 75.

19. LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS, HEALTH POLICY AND ECONOMICS: "Inequality in health care use among older people in the United Kingdom: an analysis of panel data," by Sara Allin, Cristina Masseria and Elias Mossialos (WP1, November 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).


Horizontal equity in health care service use is an area that remains relatively unexamined in the literature on older people. The purpose of this study is to investigate the extent of income-related inequity in the use of GP, inpatient, outpatient and dental services among individuals aged 65 and over in the United Kingdom between 1997 and 2003 using a panel analysis of data from the British Household Panel Survey. The probability of GP, outpatient, dentist or inpatient service use between 1997 and 2003 was predicted using multiple random effects probit panel models, and the estimates used to calculate incomerelated horizontal inequity. The results indicate that individuals on a lower income are significantly less likely to visit a GP, specialist or dentist than the better-off, although they have significantly greater need (the reverse is seen for dental care). However, after adjusting for differences in need, horizontal inequity is found with utilization favouring those on a higher income for all service areas, but not significantly in hospital care.

20. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Worker Characteristics, Job Characteristics, and Opportunities for Phased Retirement," by Robert M. Hutchens (Discussion Paper No. 2564, January 2007, .pdf format, 41p.).


This paper uses a telephone survey of 950 employers to examine employer-side restrictions on phased retirement. Not only did the survey collect information on establishment level policies, it also asked questions about a specific worker's opportunity for phased retirement. The paper uses these data to first establish that employers are selective when offering opportunities for phased retirement. It then examines what worker and job characteristics are particularly important in the selection process.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

21. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 165, No. 3, Feb. 1, 2007).

22. American Journal of Public Health (Vol. 97, No. 2, February 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

23. International Journal of Aging and Human Development (Vol. 64, No. 1, 2007).

24. Public Health (Vol. 121, No. 2, February 2007).

25. Research in Nursing & Health (Vol. 30, No. 1, February 2007).

26. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 48, No. 1/2, 2006).

Journal of Women and Aging (Vol. 18, No. 4, 2006).


27. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of January 24, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of January 24, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of January 24, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of January 24, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of January 24, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of January 24, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:


A. "NIA Resources for Aging Studies in the Non-Human Primate Model," (NOT-AG-07-004, National Institute on Aging, January 17, 2007).

B. "PHS 2007-02 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH, CDC, and FDA for Small Business Innovation Research Grant Applications (Parent SBIR [R43/R44])," (PA-07-280, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 16, 2007).

C. "PHS 2007-02 Omnibus Solicitation of the NIH for Small Business Technology Transfer Grant Applications (Parent STTR [R41/R42])," (PA-07-280, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 16, 2007).

D. "Application of Metabolomics for Translational and Biological Research (R01)," (PA-07-301, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 17, 2007).

E. "Application of Metabolomics for Translational and Biological Research (R21)," (PA-07-302, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 17, 2007).

F. "Novel Approaches to Enhance Animal Stem Cell Research (R01)," (PA-07-303, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 18, 2007).

G. "Novel Approaches to Enhance Animal Stem Cell Research (R21)," (PA-07-304, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 18, 2007).

H. "Research on Clinical Decision Making in Life-Threatening Illness (R21)," (PA-07-316, National Cancer Institute, in conjunction with other agencies, January 19, 2007).

29. WESTERN WASHINGTON UNIVERSITY: "Summer Undergraduate Program in Population, Health and Aging funded by the National Institute on Aging," (June 25-August 17, 2007). The deadline for application is April 15, 2007. For more information about the program:


VI. Conferences/Classes:

30. NATIONAL ASSOCIATION ON HIV OVER FIFTY: "Aging & HIV/AIDS in the 21st Century: Prevention, Advocacy, Care and Treatment," to be held March 8-10, 2007 (Washington, DC).

31. UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO POPULATION CENTER SUMMER SHORT COURSE:" Biodemography," to be held in Boulder, Colorado, Jun. 11-15, 2007). For more information see:





Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400