Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #370--January 18, 2007


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. STATISTICS DENMARK STATBANK DATABASE UPDATE: "AB703: Full-time participants in retirement by unemployment insurance fund, retirement, age and sex" (December 2006).


II. Reports and articles:

2. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES NEWS RELEASE: "Projected Medicare Part D Costs Drop By 30 Percent" (Jan. 8, 200[7]).

3. US DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION NEWS DIGEST: "DOT Announces 2.7 Million Dollars to Improve Transit Services for Older Americans and Persons with Disabilities" (Jan. 5, 2007).

4. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICE, OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Physician Practices in Nursing Homes: Final Report," by Cari Levy, Anne Epstein, Lori-Ann Landry, Andrea Kramer, Jennie Harvell, and Charlene Liggings (April 2006, .pdf and HTML format, 31p.).

5. US CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH REPORT: "Estate and Gift Taxes: Economic Issues" (RL30600, January 2007, .pdf format, 29p.). Links to a summary and full text are available at:

6. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH PRESS RELEASE: "Scientists Find New Genetic Clue to Cause of Alzheimer's Disease," (Jan. 14, 2007).

7. STATE OF MARYLAND DEPARTMENT OF PLANNING REPORT: "The Dynamics of Elderly and Retiree Migration Into and Out of Maryland," a Report to Governor Robert L. Ehrlich, Jr. and The Maryland General Assembly (2006, .pdf format, 108p.).


A. "Wisconsin Hospices and Patients, 2005" (January 2007, .pdf format, 32p.).

B. "Health Counts in Wisconsin: Hospices, 2005" (January 2007, .pdf format, 2p.).


A. "Training boost for thousands of aged care workers" (SAN003/07, Jan. 10, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

B. "(Minister for Ageing Santo) Santoro explains aged care approvals process" (SS004/07, Jan. 12, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 3p.)

10. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "General practice activity in Australia, 2005-06," by Helena Britt, Graeme C Miller, Janice Charles, Ying Pan, Lisa Valenti, Joan Henderson, Clare Bayram, Julie O'Halloran, and Stephanie Knox (General practice series no. 19, January 2007, .pdf format, 200p.).

11. GERMANY FEDERAL STATISTICS OFFICE NEWS RELEASE: "Statutory social insurance funds continuing to achieve surplus" (Dec. 22, 2006).

12. STATISTICS NETHERLANDS PRESS RELEASE: "In 30 years a quarter of the population will be over 65" (Dec. 19, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, 2p.).

13. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH PERIODICAL: NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health (Fall 2006, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).


A. "Complementary and Alternative Medicine" AARP and US National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, January 2007, .pdf format, 21p.).

US National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine News Release: "Older Americans Not Discussing Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use with Doctors," (Jan. 18, 2007).

B. "Sources of Income for Older Persons in 2004," by Ke Bin Wu (November 2006, .pdf format, 6p.).

C. "The Seasoned Traveler" and "Naomi's Guide to Aging Gratefully" (AARP Prime Time Radio, Jan.16, 2007, RealPlayer plug-in or helper application needed to hear this audio transcript, running times are usually between about 25 and 30 minutes).

Note: this is a temporary address. When future PTRs are released, these will be available at:


A. "Minimum Benefits in Social Security," by Melissa Favreault, Gordon Mermin, and C. Eugene Steuerle (August 2006, .pdf format, 37p.).

B. "Interactions Between Social Security Reform and the Supplemental Security Income Program for the Aged," by Paul Davies and Melissa Favreault (January 2007, .pdf format, 40p.).

C. "Retirement Policy by the Numbers" (Snapshot, January 2007, charts in .pdf format, 21p., with data in Microsoft Excel format).

16. DEMOGRAPHIC RESEARCH ARTICLE: "A new perspective on population aging," by Warren C. Sanderson and Sergei Scherbov (Vol. 16, Article 2, January 2007, .pdf format, p. 27-59).

17. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "What Moves the National Retirement Risk Index? A Look Back and an Update," by Alicia H. Munnell, Francesca Golub-Sass and Anthony Webb (IB #2007-1, January 2007, .pdf format, 10p.).


A. "Behavioral Finance and Retirement Plan Contributions: How Participants Behave, and Prescriptive Solutions," by Jodi DiCenzo (Issue Brief No. 301, January 2007, .pdf format, 19p.).

B. "Health Insurance Coverage of the Near Elderly, 1994-2005," by Paul
Fronstin (_Notes_, Vol. 28, No. 1, January 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).

19. FACTCHECK.ORG REPORT: "Medicare Hot Air: Can the Democrats' bill bring lower drug prices? Don't count on it" (Annenberg Political Fact Check, January 2007).

More information on

20. CANADIAN FEDERATION OF INDEPENDENT BUSINESS REPORT: "Canada's Pension Predicament: The widening gap between public and private sector retirement trends and pension plans," by Lucie Charron (January 2007, .pdf format, 13p.). The report is linked to from a CFIB news release:"Gap between public and private sector retirement and pensions widening" (Jan. 17, 2007).

Link to full text is at the bottom of the news release.


A. "Serum response factor and myocardin mediate arterial hypercontractility and cerebral blood flow dysregulation in Alzheimer's phenotype," by Nienwen Chow, Robert D. Bell, Rashid Deane, Jeffrey W. Streb, Jiyuan Chen, Andrew Brooks, William Van Nostrand, Joseph M. Miano, and Berislav V. Zlokovic (Vol. 104, No. 3, January 16, 2007, p. 823-828).

B. "Molecular markers of early Parkinson's disease based on gene expression in blood," by Clemens R. Scherzer, Aron C. Eklund, Lee J. Morse, Zhixiang Liao, Joseph J. Locascio, Daniel Fefer, Michael A. Schwarzschild, Michael G. Schlossmacher, Michael A. Hauser, Jeffery M. Vance, Lewis R. Sudarsky, David G. Standaert, John H. Growdon, Roderick V. Jensen, and Steven R. Gullans (Vol. 104, No. 3, January 16, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 955-960). This article is available free of charge.

C. "Mild mitochondrial uncoupling impacts cellular aging in human muscles in vivo," by Catherine E. Amara, Eric G. Shankland, Sharon A. Jubrias, David J. Marcinek, Martin J. Kushmerick, and Kevin E. Conley (Vol. 104, No. 3, January 16, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 1057-1062). This article is available free of charge.

22. NATURE GENETICS ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Systematic meta-analyses of Alzheimer disease genetic association studies: the AlzGene database," by Lars Bertram, Matthew B McQueen, Kristina Mullin, Deborah Blacker and Rudolph E. Tanzi (Vol. 39, No. 1, January 2007, p. 17-23).


A. "Palliative Management of Fatigue at the Close of Life." by Sriram Yennurajalingam and Eduardo Bruera (Vol. 297, No. 3, Jan. 17, 2007, p. 295-304).

B. "End-of-Life Care for Homeless Patients: 'She Says She Is There to Help Me in Any Situation'," by Amy J. Markowitz and Stephen J. McPhee (Vol. 297, No. 3, Jan. 17, 2007, p. 305).

24. NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE BOOK REVIEW EXTRACT: Medicare Meets Mephistopheles by David A. Hyman, reviewed by Peter D. Jacobson (Vol. 356, No. 3, Jan. 8, 2007, p. 314-315).


A. "Strategies to prevent falls and fractures in hospitals and care homes and effect of cognitive impairment: systematic review and meta-analyses," by David Oliver, James B. Connelly, Christina R. Victor, Fiona E. Shaw, Anne Whitehead, Yasemin Genc, Alessandra Vanoli, Finbarr C. Martin, and Margot A. Gosney (Vol. 334, No. 7584, January 13, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 82-85).

B. "Preventing falls in elderly people living in hospitals and care homes," by Ian D. Cameron and Susan Kurrle (Editorial extract, Vol. 334, No. 7584, January 13, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 53-54).

26. LANCET, VARIOUS: Note: Lancet requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Democrats on drugs" (Editorial, Vol. 359, No. 9556, Jan. 13, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 79). This article is available free of charge to the public.

B. "Palliative care in Africa," a review of Hospice and Palliative Care in Africa: A Review of Developments and Challenges, edited by Michael Wright and David Clark, reviewed by Faith Mwangi-Powell (Book review, Vol. 359, No. 9556, Jan. 13, 2007, HTML and .pdf format, p. 97-98). This article is available free of charge to the public.

27. MEDSCAPE ARTICLES: Note: Medscape requires free registration before providing articles.

A. "Dementia before Death in Ageing Societies -- The Promise of Prevention and the Reality," by Carol Brayne, Lu Gao, Michael Dewey, and Fiona E. Matthews (PLoS Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 11, 2006).

B. "Use of Herbal Medicine and Other Dietary Supplements in Community-Dwelling Older People: Baseline Data from the Ginkgo Evaluation of Memory Study," by Richard L. Nahin, Annette L. Fitzpatrick, Jeff D. Williamson, Gregory L. Burke, Steven T. DeKosky, and Curt Furberg (Vol. 54, No. 11, 2006, p. 1725-1735).

28. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: "The First Day of the Rest of My Life," by Sara Davidson (Jan. 22, 2007).


III. Working Papers:


A. "The Responsiveness of Private Savings to Medicaid Long Term Care Policies," by Purvi Sevak and Lina Walker (WP 2006-150, January 2007, .pdf format, 35p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

B. "Labor Market Status and Transitions During the Pre-Retirement Years: Learning from International Differences," by Arie Kapteyn, James P. Smith, Arthur van Soest and James Banks (WP 2006-149, January 2007, .pdf format, 110p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

C. "Crowd-out, Adverse Selection and Information in Annuity Markets: Evidence from a New Retrospective Data Set in Chile," by Alejandra Cox Edwards and Estelle James (WP 2006-147, December 2006, .pdf format, 40p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

30. PRINCETON UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF POPULATION RESEARCH: " Do Chronic Stressors lead to Physiological Dysregulation? Testing the theory of Allostatic Load," by Dana A. Glei, Noreen Goldman, and Maxine Weinstein (WP 2007-01, 2007, .pdf format, 35p.).


Objectives. We explore three questions: 1) Do chronic stressors predict physiological dyregulation? 2) Is that relationship moderated by characteristics of the individual and social environment? and 3) Do perceived levels of stress mediate the relationship between stressors and dysregulation?

Methods. Data come from a nationally representative, longitudinal study of older Taiwanese (n=916). Regression models are used to examine the relationship between the number of life challenges (i.e., stressors) during 1996-2000 and physiological dysregulation (in 2000) based on 16 biomarkers that reflect neuroendocrine function, immune system, cardiovascular function, and metabolic pathways. We include interaction terms to test whether psychosocial vulnerability moderates the impact of stressors. Additional models evaluate the mediating effects of perceived stress.

Results. We find a significant association between the number of stressors and physiological dysregulation only for those with high vulnerability. Even among this group, the magnitude of the effect is small. The level of perceived stress partly mediates the relationship between chronic stressors and physiological dysregulation.

Conclusions. Our results provide some support for the theory of allostatic load, although the relationship between life challenges and physiological dysregulation is weak. The evidence also supports the stress-buffering hypothesis: the combination of low social position, weak social networks, and poor coping ability is associated with increases in the physiological consequences of life challenges.

31. PENSION RESEARCH COUNCIL, WHARTON SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA: Note: PRC requires free registration before providing working papers."Financial Literacy and Retirement Preparedness: Evidence and Implications for Financial Education Programs, by Annamaria Lusardi and Olivia S. Mitchell (January 2007, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to an abstract and full text are available at:

32. ESRC RESEARCH CENTRE FOR ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION (CASE) [LONDON [UK]]: "Pension Policy in EU25 and its Possible Impact on Elderly Poverty," by Michael Fuchs, Aaron George Grech, and Asghar Zaidi (CASE/116, December 2006, .pdf format, 33p.).


This paper reviews changes in pension policies in EU countries between 1995 and 2005 and describes how they might affect risk of poverty for future pensioner populations. The pension landscape in Europe has changed considerably in the past decade and the paper highlights commonalities as well as differences in pension reforms across these countries. A common trend is that the retirement incomes drawn from the public pension systems are on the decline, the changes are likely to shift more risks towards individuals, and there are fewer possibilities of redistribution in favour of the lower income individuals. The paper includes exploratory projections of how the risk of elderly poverty might evolve in the future. The countries where the benefit ratio is set to decline significantly, as expected, would see at-risk-poverty rates increase quite substantially, especially during the period 2025-2050, when the bulk of the decline is expected. This analysis points towards the importance of a more comprehensive assessment of the reforms, in particular in their impact on vulnerable groups (such as women and disabled people with disruptive work history) and in the clarity of the signals they give to individuals in extending their working career if they want to avoid greater risks of poverty during retirement.

33. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Mortality and Immortality," by Matthew D. Rablen and Andrew J. Oswald (Discussion Paper 2560, January 2007, .pdf format, 30p.).


It has been known for centuries that the rich and famous have longer lives than the poor and ordinary. Causality, however, remains trenchantly debated. The ideal experiment would be one in which status and money could somehow be dropped upon a sub-sample of individuals while those in a control group received neither. This paper attempts to formulate a test in that spirit. It collects 19th-century birth data on science Nobel Prize winners and nominees. Using a variety of corrections for potential biases, the paper concludes that winning the Nobel Prize, rather than merely being nominated, is associated with between 1 and 2 years of extra longevity. Greater wealth, as measured by the real value of the Prize, does not seem to affect lifespan.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

34. Alzheimer's and Dementia (Vol. 3, No. 1, January 2007).

35. Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 19, No. 1, February 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue

36. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 55, No. 1, January 2007).

37. Journal of Applied Gerontology (Vol. 26, No. 1, February 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library and the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of these databases and this issue

38. Journals of Gerontology (A) Biological and Medical (Vols. 61(A), Nos. 12, December 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

39. Medical Care (Vol. 45, No. 2, February 2007).

40. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Jan. 17, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 17, 2007

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Jan. 17, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Jan. 17, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Jan. 17, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of Jan. 17, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

41. SPRINGER BOOK: Aging, Society, and the Life Course, by Leslie A. Morgan and Suzanne R. Kunkel (2006, ISBN: 0826102123, 85 US dollars). For more information see:


VI. Funding Opportunities:


A. "NIA Intervention Testing Program Solicits Proposals for Compounds to Test for Anti-Aging Activity in Mice" (NOT-AG-07-003, National Institute on Aging, Jan. 10, 2006).

B. "NIH Pathway to Independence (PI) Award (K99/R00)" (PA-07-297, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies, reissue of PA-06-133, Jan. 12, 2006).


VII. Conferences:

43. LUXEMBOURG INCOME STUDY 2007 INTRODUCTORY WORKSHOP: "The Luxembourg Income Study (LIS) Summer Workshop is a one-week workshop designed to introduce researchers in the social sciences to comparative research in income distribution, employment and social policy using the LIS database. We welcome applications from researchers with varying levels of knowledge and experience.

The Luxembourg Income Study has made comparable over 160 large microdata sets that contain comprehensive measures of income, employment and household characteristics for 30 industrialized countries (Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States).

The language of instruction is English. By the end of the workshop, attendees will be fully trained to use the database independently. Workshop faculty includes the LIS directors, Janet Gornick and Markus Jantti, the LIS staff and guest lecturers. In addition, the winner of the annual Aldi Hagenaars Memorial Award will present his/her paper. The workshop format includes a mixture of lectures on comparative research, laboratory sessions and individual one-on-one advisory sessions. Attendees will also be introduced to the new Luxembourg Wealth Study Tuition of 1,400 Euros covers instructional materials, single-occupancy accommodations, and full board. Transportation to and from Luxembourg is the responsibility of the student. The 2007 workshop will be held from June 24 to June 30, 2007 (with departure on July 1). Applications are available (.pdf format, 2p.) at:

More on LIS:

44. NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH: ""Planning Today for Tomorrow," a statewide symposium on Long Term Care Restructuring, to be held in Albany, New York, Jun. 21, 2007. ""Planning Today for Tomorrow" participants will be updated on current New York State restructuring activities, examine the special needs of those requiring long term care, review the best practices and innovations of New York State counties and other states, and plan for future activities." For more information contact Kelly Hull at:

(518) 473-8797

45. HEALTHCARE CONFERENCES CANADA: "Caring for the Dying in a Technological Society: Recovery of Identity and the Revival of Self-Esteem at the End of Life," to be held Mar. 30, 2007 in Toronto, Ontario. For more information see:

VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

46. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON AGING HEARING PUBLICATION: "The Generic Drug Maze: Speeding Access to Affordable Life-Saving Drug," a hearing held Jul. 20, 2006 (Senate Hearing 109-665, Serial Publication 109-28, ASCII text and .pdf format, 107p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-665" (without the quotes).

47. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON BANKING, HOUSING AND URBAN AFFAIRS HEARING PUBLICATION: "Meeting the Housing and Service Needs of Seniors," a hearing held Jul. 16, 2005 (Senate Hearing 109-670, ASCII text and .pdf format, 90p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-670" (without the quotes).

48. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON HEALTH, EDUCATION, LABOR AND PENSIONS HEARING PUBLICATION: "Senior Community Service Employment: Reauthorization of the Older Americans Act Title V," a hearing held Mar. 28, 2006 (Senate Hearing 109-654, ASCII text and .pdf format, 53p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-654" (without the quotes).

IX. Websites of Interest:

49. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION "RESOURCES ON THE MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT" WEBSITE UPDATE. Links to "Survey of Seniors and the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit" (December 2006, .pdf format, chartpack, 20p., toplines, 33p.) and "Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit" (November 2006, .pdf format, 2p.) have recently been added to this meta-page.

50. NIHSENIORHEALTH.GOV ADDITION: has recently added a topic page on depression.

Jack Solock
Director--Data and Information Services Center
Social Sciences Research Services
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706