Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #369--January 11, 2007


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE: The Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) has released county-level populations from 1969-2004 (by age group and races). Data files are available as self-extracting zip files (.exe executables) and gzip files (ASCII text format).

2. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced the availability of the following data:

A. "2003 Internet Survey Version 1.0" (January 9, 2007).

B. "2005 Prescription Drug Study (Early, Version 1.0)," (January 10, 2007).

Data access:


II. Reports and articles:

3. US SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION COMPENDIUM: Annual Statistical Supplement, 2006 (January 2007, .pdf and HTML format). Note: "Subsections of the Supplement will be posted in HTML on a flow basis as they become available. Section 6 (OASDI Benefits Awarded, Withheld, and Terminated) is now complete and available in both HTML and PDF at:

4. CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE REPORT: "Prescription Drug Pricing in the Private Sector," (January 2007, .pdf format, 26p.).

5. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL REPORT: "Prescription Drug Plan Sponsors' Compliance Plans,"(OEI-03-06-00100, December 2006, .pdf format, 24p.).


Prescription drug plan (PDP) sponsors are required to have compliance plans in place that address eight elements outlined in Federal regulation 42 CFR§ 423.504(b)(4)(vi). CMS guidance documents contain 17 requirements related to the eight elements. OIG found that while all sponsors had compliance plans, 72 of 79 compliance plans did not address one or more of CMS's 17 requirements.

One of the elements outlined in the regulation is the development of a fraud and abuse plan. OIG found that all compliance plans addressed this element in some way, yet only 15 of 79 compliance plans addressed all 11 recommendations regarding fraud detection, correction, and prevention that we included in our review. OIG recommends that CMS ensure that PDP sponsors' compliance plans address all requirements presented in its manual chapter regarding the eight elements set forth in regulation. CMS concurred with OIG's recommendation.

6. CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES REPORT: "Global Aging and the Sustainability of Public Pension Systems," by James C. Capretta (January 2007, .pdf format, 53p.).,com_csis_pubs/task,view/id,3658/type,1/

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: EBRI Notes (Vol. 28, No. 1, January 2007, .pdf format, 16p.).

Articles include:

"Health Insurance Coverage of the Near Elderly, 1994-2005," by Paul Fronstin.
"IRA Assets, Contributions, and Market Share," by Craig Copeland.

the National Retirement Risk Index? A Look Back and an Update," by Alicia H.
Munnell, Francesca Golub-Sass and Anthony Webb (IB No. 57, January 2007, .pdf format, 10p.).

9. AARP GLOBAL AGING PROGRAM PERSPECTIVES: "Improving the Wellness of Older Brits: New Labour's Active Approach," by Caroline Flint (January 2007).


A. "Trends in Manufacturer Prices of Prescription Drugs Used by Older Americans: Third Quarter 2006 Update," by Clifford Binder, Leigh Gross Purvis, David Gross, Stephen W. Schondelmeyer, and Susan Raetzman (January 2007, .pdf format, 14p.).

Scroll down to or "find in page" "Third Quarter" (without the quotes).

B. "Developing Appropriate Rental Housing For Low-Income Older Persons: A Survey Of Section 202 And LIHTC Property Managers," by Andrew Kochera (December 2006, .pdf format, 10p.).

C. "Federal Options to Improve America's Ailing Guardianship System," by Naomi Karp (December 2006, .pdf format, 8p.).

D. "The Great Risk Shift" and "Your Aging Ear", (AARP Prime Time Radio, Jan. 9, 2007, RealPlayer plug-in or helper application needed to hear this audio transcript, running time, 29 minutes, 1 second and 23 minutes 29 seconds).

Click on "Listen" under "The Great Risk Shift" or "Your Aging Ear".

Note: This is a temporary address. These shows are archived at:

11. AON CONSULTING CHART: "2006 European Pensions Barometer," (January 2007, .pdf format, 1p.).

12. FAMILIES USA REPORT: "No Bargain: Medicare Drug Plans Deliver High Prices," by Marc Steinberg and Kim Bailey (January 2007, .pdf format, 23p.).

More about Families USA:

13. NATIONAL HOSPICE AND PALLIATIVE CARE ORGANIZATION REPORT: "Mapping levels of palliative care development: a global view," by Michael Wright, Justin Wood, Tom Lynch, and David Clark, International Observatory on End of Life Care (January 2007, .pdf format, 52p.).

Press Release:

14. GALEN INSTITUTE REPORT: "The Facts: Medicare Part D and Prescription Drug Prices," (January 2007, .pdf and HTML format, 6p.).

More information about the Galen Institute:

15. CITIZENS FOR TAX JUSTICE REPORT: "Fewer and Fewer Americans Owed Estate Tax in 2005: State-by-State Data," (January 2007, .pdf format, 8p.).

16. COMMISSION FOR SOCIAL CARE INSPECTION [UK] REPORT: "The State of Social Care in England 2005/06," (December 2006, .pdf format, 152p.).

17. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "The presenilin hypothesis of Alzheimer's disease: Evidence for a loss-of-function pathogenic mechanism," by Jie Shen and Raymond J. Kelleher, III (Vol. 104, No. 2, January 9, 2007, p. 403-409).

18. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL ARTICLE: "Impact of case management (Evercare) on frail elderly patients: controlled before and after analysis of quantitative outcome data," by Hugh Gravelle, Mark Dusheiko, Rod Sheaff, Penny Sargent, Ruth Boaden, Susan Pickard, Stuart Parker, Martin Roland (Vol. 334, No. 7583, January 6, 2007, .pdf and HTML format, p. 31-34).

19. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Relationship Between Adherence to Evidence-Based Pharmacotherapy andLong-term Mortality After Acute Myocardial Infarction," by Jeppe N. Rasmussen, Alice Chong, and David A. Alter (Vol. 297, No. 2, January 10, 2007, p. 177-186).

20. NEWSWEEK ARTICLE: This week's editions (Jan. 15, 2007) contains a series of articles on menopause and women's midlife health. The section can be accessed via the following article:

"The New Prime Time," by Pat Wingert and Barbara Kantrowitz


III. Working Papers:

21. INSTITUTE OF BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE [UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER]: "Caregivers' Sacrifices: The Opportunity Costs Of Adult Morbidity and Mortality on Female Pensioners in Rural South Africa," by Catherine Ogeunmefun and Enid Schatz (PAC 2006-02, December 2006, .pdf format, 31p.).


This paper explores the impact of adult morbidity and mortality on the socioeconomic well-being of female pensioners and their households. As mortality rates escalate from HIV/AIDS and other causes, older women are bearing the brunt of responsibilities related to caregiving for the sick and orphaned. These women often use their state funded non-contributory pensions during crises related to caregiving. The authors conducted in-depth semi-structured interviews with 30 women aged 60-75 in the MRC/Wits Rural Public Health and Health Transitions Research Unit (Agincourt) study site in northeast South Africa. They found that, in order to cover expenses incurred during crises, older women sometimes forego spending money and time on their personal needs, thus producing negative effects for them as individuals while they are contributing positively to the household. Despite the additional household income that pensions provide, many of the study respondents still found it difficult to recover from the financial impact of these crises.


A. "Immigration and the Survival of Social Security: A Political Economy Model," by Edith Sand and Assaf Razin (w12800, December 2006, .pdf format, 38p.).


In the political debate people express the idea that immigrants are good because they can help pay for the old. The paper explores this idea in a dynamic political-economy setup. For this purpose we develop an OLG political economy model of social security and migration. We characterize sub-game perfect Markov equilibria where immigration policy and pay-as-you-go (PAYG) social security system are jointly determined through a majority voting process. The main feature of the model is that immigrants are desirable for the sustainability of the social security system because the political system is able to manipulate the ratio of old to young and thereby the coalition which supports future high social security benefits. We demonstrate that the older is the native born population the more likely is that the immigration policy is liberalized and the social security system survives.

B. "Notional Defined Contribution Pension Systems in a Stochastic Context: Design and Stability," by Alan J. Auerbach and Ronald Lee (w12805, December 2006, .pdf format, 29p.).


Around the world, Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) public pension programs face serious long-term fiscal problems due primarily to actual and projected population aging, and most appear unsustainable as currently structured. Some have proposed the replacement of such plans with systems of fully funded private or personal Defined Contribution (DC) accounts, but the difficulties of transition to funded systems have limited their implementation. Recently, a new variety of public pension program known as "Notional Defined Contribution" or "Non-financial Defined Contribution" (NDC) has been created, with the objectives of addressing the fiscal instability of traditional plans and mimicking the characteristics of funded DC plans while retaining PAYGO finance. Using different versions of the system recently adopted in Sweden, calibrated to US demographic and economic parameters, we evaluate the success of the NDC approach in achieving fiscal stability in a stochastic context. (In a companion paper, we will consider other aspects of the performance of NDC plans in comparison to traditional PAYGO pensions.) We find that the basic NDC scheme is effective at preventing excessive debt accumulation, but does little to prevent significant asset accumulation along many trajectories and on average. With adjustment, however, the NDC approach can be made more stable.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 11, No. 1, January 2007).

24. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias (Vol. 21, No. 6, Dec. 2006/Jan. 2007).

25. Medical Care Research and Review (Vol. 64, No. 1, February 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issue.

26. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

International Journal of Ageing and Human Development (Vol. 63, No. 4, 2006).

Journal of Aging and Social Policy (Vol. 18, No. 3/4, 2006).

Journal of Health and Social Behavior (Vol. 47, No. 4, 2006).

Omega (Vol. 53, No. 3, 2006).


27. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of January 10, 2007:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of January 10, 2007:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of January 10, 2007:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of January 10, 2007:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of January 10, 2007:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of January 10, 2007:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Understanding and Treating Ataxia-Telangiectasia (R01)," (PA-07-272, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 4, 2007).

B. "Understanding and Treating Ataxia-Telangiectasia (R21)," (PA-07-273, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 4, 2007).

C. "Understanding and Treating Ataxia-Telangiectasia (R03)," (PA-07-274, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 4, 2007).

D. "Research On Ethical Issues In Human Subjects Research (R01)," (PA-07-277, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 5, 2007).

E. "The Secretory Pattern of Senescent Cells (R01)," (PA-07-278, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 5, 2007).

F. "Mechanisms, Models, Measurement, & Management in Pain Research (R01)," (PA-07-282, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 8, 2007).

G. "Research on Social Work Practice and Concepts in Health (R01)," (PA-07-292, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, January 11, 2007).

H. "Interim Guidance on Salary Limitation for Grants, Cooperative Agreements and Contracts," (NOT-OD-07-033, January 4, 2007).


VI. Conferences:

29. AARP GLOBAL AGING PROGRAM: "Reinventing Retirement Asia," an international conference to be held in Tokyo, Japan (March 14-16, 2006).

30. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.

Newly added conference listings (click on the titles at for more information).

The Essential Tasks of Pension and Benefit Plan Trustees 20 February 2007 Vancouver Canada

Estate Freezes: The Complete Course 28 February 2007 Vancouver Canada

10th Annual Applied Ergonomics Conference 12 March 2007 Dallas Texas

North Carolina Conference on Aging (NCCOA) 10 September 2007 Winston-Salem North Carolina


VII. Legislation Information Updates:

31. US SENATE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE HEARING TESTIMONY: "Prescription Drug Pricing and Negotiation: An Overview and Economic Perspectives for the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit," a hearing held January 11, 2007.

Hearing testimony:


VIII. Websites of Interest:

32. US NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH: NIH has recently updated their NIHSeniorHealth site to include information about depression.

33. WLS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES: These citations, along with all of the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study bibliography, can be found at:

Journal Articles:

Springer, Kristen W., Jennifer Sheridan, Daphne Kuo, and Molly Carnes. 2007. "Long-Term Physical and Mental Health Consequences of Childhood Physical Abuse:Results From a Large Population-Based Sample of Men and Women." Child Abuse and Neglect 31.


Hauser, Robert M. and Carol L. Roan, Editors. "The Class of 1957 in Their Mid-60s: A First Look (CDE 2006-03) (Without Variables)." CDE Working Paper. 2006-03. Madison, Wisconsin: Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin-Madison.




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
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1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
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