Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #366--December 14, 2006


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. INTEGRATED PUBLIC USE MICRODATA SAMPLES INTERNATIONAL UPDATES: "IPUMS-I at the University of Minnesota has announced: "In December 2006 IPUMS added 16 new samples for Belarus, Cambodia, Greece, Philippines, Romania, Spain, and Uganda. We also added many new variables and features affecting all 63 samples in the data series." For more information see:


2. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research HRS has announced the availability of "HRS 2002 Exit (Final, Version 1.0)" (Dec. 12, 2006). For more information see:

Data access:


II. Reports and articles:

3. US FEDERAL INTERAGENCY FORUM ON AGING-RELATED STATISTICS COMPENDIUM: Data Sources on Older Americans: 2006 (December 2006, .pdf format, 116p.).

4. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "Early Release of Selected Estimates Based on Data From the January-June 2006 National Health Interview Survey" (December 2006, HTML, with tables in .pdf format).


A. "QuickStats: Percentage of Men Aged >40 Years with Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Levels of >2.5 and >4.0 ng/mL, by Race/Ethnicity" (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 55, No. 48, Dec. 8, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1305).



B. "Visual Impairment and Eye Care Among Older Adults --- Five States, 2005" (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Vol. 55, No. 49, Dec. 15, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1321-1325).




A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, November 2006 (December 2006, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "SSI (Supplemental Security Income) Monthly Statistics, November 2006 (December 2006, HTML and .pdf format).

C. "State Assistance Programs for SSI Recipients, January 2006" (September 2006, HTML and .pdf format).

7. US CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE REPORT: "Designing a Premium Support System for Medicare," (December 2006, .pdf format, 56p.).

8. INSTITUTO BRASILIERO DE GEOGRFIA E ESTATISTICA NEWS RELEASE: "In 2005, life expectancy at birth of Brazilians was 71.9 years" (Dec. 1, 2006). At the top of the news release there is a link to a report: "Tabuas Completas de Mortalidade - 2005" (tables in .pdf and .zip compressed Microsoft Excel format, with technical notes in .pdf format, 20p.). The contents of the report are in Portuguese.

9. STATISTICS CANADA/STATISTIQUE CANADA REPORT: "The Wealth of Canadians: An Overview of the Results of the Survey of Financial Security"(December 2006, .pdf format, 40p.).

Click on "View" and follow the links to full text.

10. MINISTRY OF COMMUNITY SERVICES [BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA]: "Aging Well in British Columbia Report," (November 2006, .pdf format, 88p.).

11. STATISTICS DENMARK STATBANK DENMARK UPDATE: Statbank Denmark has recently updated the following table: "FOD5: Deaths by region, cause of death, age and sex" (annual data, updated through 2005, no data available at present for 2002-2004).

12. STATISTICS NORWAY NEWS RELEASE: "Two out of three beds are gone" (Dec. 8, 2006). The news release links to several topical tables.

13. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS WHITE PAPER: "Personal accounts: a new way to save" (December 2006, .pdf format, 174p.).

14. UK DEPARTMENT FOR WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Financial incentives to save for retirement," by Elaine McCauley and Will Sandbrook (Research Report 403, December 2006, .pdf format, 89p.).

15. UK NATIONAL STATISTICS OFFICE REPORT: "Pension Trends." The page links to an online publication as well as 2006 data (.zip compressed Microsoft Excel format spreadsheets).

16. BOSTON COLLEGE CENTER FOR RETIREMENT RESEARCH ISSUE BRIEF: "Employer Survey: 1 of 4 Boomers Won't Retire Because They Can't," by Alicia H. Munnell, Steven A. Sass, and Jean-Pierre Aubry (WOB #6 (Work Opportunities for Older Americans), December 2006, .pdf format, 9p.). Links to an introduction and full text are available at:

17. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION SURVEY REPORT: "2006 Kaiser/Hewitt Retiree Health Benefits Survey" (December 2006, .pdf format, Report (Retiree Health Benefits Examined: Findings from the Kaiser/Hewitt 2006 Survey on Retiree Health Benefits), 41p., Chartpack 20p.).


A. "The Costs of Long-Term Care: Public Perceptions Versus Reality in 2006," by Linda L. Barrett (December 2006, .pdf format, 151p.).

B. "Across the States 2006: Profiles of Long-Term Care and Independent Living," by Ari N. Houser, Wendy Fox-Grage, and Mary Jo Gibson (December 2006, .pdf format, 350p.).

19. LEWIN GROUP REPORT: "Nursing Home Use by "Oldest Old" Sharply Declines," by Lisa Alecxih (2006, .pdf format, 13p.).

More information about the Lewin Group:

20. INSTITUTE FOR WOMEN'S POLICY RESEARCH FACT SHEETS: IWPR has recently released fact sheets (all October/November, 2006, .pdf format) on"Older Women's Economic Status" in several US states at its "Women and Social Security" site. The states covered are: California, New Jersey, Florida, Virginia, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.

Links are on the left side of the page.

More information about IWPR:

21. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE PERIODICAL: EBRI Notes (Vol. 27, No. 12, December 2006, .pdf format, 12p.). This month's main article is "Survey Finds Federal Workers Share Poor Retirement Planning With All Workers, but Have More Savings; and Facts from EBRI: Employer Spending on Benefits, 2005"

22. AMP/NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC MODELLING (NATSEM) [UNIVERSITY OF CANBERRA] REPORT: "Tomorrow's consumers," by Ann Harding, Alicia Payne and Quoc Ngu Vu (AMP.NATSEM Income and Wealth Report No. 15, December 2006, .pdf format, 20p.).,2449,CH5273%255FSI3,00.html


A. "Survival Associated With Treatment vs Observation of Localized Prostate Cancer in Elderly Men," Yu-Ning Wong, Nandita Mitra, Gary Hudes, Russell Localio, J. Sanford Schwartz, Fei Wan, Chantal Montagnet, and Katrina Armstrong (Vol. 296, No. 22, December 13, 2006, p. 2683-2693).

B. "Relationship Between Medicare's Hospital Compare Performance Measures and Mortality Rates," by Rachel M. Werner and Eric T. Bradlow (Vol. 296, No. 22, December 13, 2006, p. 2694-2702).


A. "Treatment of dementia in the community," by Jeannette Golden and Brian Lawlor (Editorial extract, Vol. 333, No. 7580, December 9, 2006. p. 1184-1185).

B. "Community based occupational therapy for patients with dementia and their care givers: randomised controlled trial," by Maud J. L. Graff, Myrra J. M. Vernooij-Dassen, Marjolein Thijssen, Joost Dekker, Willibrord H. L. Hoefnagels, and Marcel G. M. Olde Rikkert (Article abstract, Vol. 333, No. 7580, December 9, 2006. p. 1196-1199).

C. "Tube feeding in advanced dementia: the metabolic perspective," by L John Hoffer (Analysis and Comment, Vol. 333, No. 7580, December 9, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, p. 1214-1215). This article is freely available to the public.

25. TIME ARTICLE: "Growing Younger: How profitable services and a savvy marketing campaign are fueling AARP's torrid growth," by Sally B. Donnelly (Dec. 10, 2006).,9171,1568471,00.html

26. NEWSWEEK FILM REVIEW: "Rocky's Final Round: After 16 years, Sylvester Stallone is back in the ring, and that's no joke. The series-ending Rocky Balboa is a surprisingly moving story of aging and redemption," a review of Rocky Balboa, by Sean Smith.

III. Working Papers:

27. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN CENTER FOR DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Does Psychological Well-Being Change with Age?" by Tetyana Pudrovska, Robert M. Hauser, and Kristen W. Springer (CDE Working Paper No. 2006-09, 2006, .pdf format, 25p.).


Using three large surveys, we: (1) assess the structure of Ryff's scales of psychological well-being (RPWB) by examining the extent to which the six RPWB dimensions are differentially related to age, and (2) distinguish cohort differences in RPWB observed in a cross-section from true life-course changes associated with the transition from midlife to early old age for a cohort born in 1939. Several RPWB dimensions in our study exhibit distinct age profiles; yet, cross-sectional and longitudinal age variations are minor, accounting for less than one percent of the variance. Moreover, heterogeneity among individual scale items should be taken into account because scales comprising different items yield different age patterns. Finally, we suggest that cross-sectional findings do not accurately reflect maturational changes in some RPWB dimensions. We discuss our findings within the frameworks of dynamic equilibrium and emotional regulation.

28. UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO AT BOULDER POPULATION AGING CENTER: "Coexisting Discourses: How older women in South Africa make sense of the HIV/AIDS epidemic," by Courtney McDonald and Enid Schatz (PAC 2006-01, December 2006, .pdf format, 26p.).


In South Africa has made great efforts to provide knowledge about HIV/AIDS to the general population in an attempt to halt the epidemic that has affected millions of people. For the most part, the general population has had access to this knowledge and can repeat the ABCs of prevention: abstinence, be faithful, use condoms. However, local constructions of the disease exist, which at times contradict and challenge education-based information. This study examines how older women in rural South Africa talk about and make sense of HIV/AIDS in the context of their personal experiences. The women employ a variety of coexisting discourses that draw on both education-based information and local constructions of HIV/AIDS to explain its origins and effective ways of avoiding the disease. The discourses often serve to place the blame of the epidemic on certain groups of people, including whites, government officials, migrating Africans, and promiscuous women. Discourses concerning possible cures from medical doctors or traditional healers exist as well. These discourses shape the way older women experience the epidemic and condition their responses. Older women often counsel their children and grandchildren about HIV/AIDS, making it crucial to understand how they have constructed the disease. Thus, campaigns aimed at reducing transmission need to take into account local interpretations of the disease as well as Western-based "knowledge." Given older women's access to family members at risk of infection, ensuring that older women are passing on messages that will help to prevent transmission could have important implications for the future of the epidemic.

29. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND: "Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?" by Peter S. Heller (WP 06/272, December 2006, .pdf format, 33p.). Links to a summary and full text are available at:


A. "Social security reform in Brazil: Achievements and remaining challenges," by Fabio Giambiagi and Luiz de Mello (Economics Department WP 534, December 2006, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, 21p.).


This paper reviews the main elements of social security reform in Brazil since 1998 and discusses areas where further policy action is yet to be taken to ensure the sustainability of the social-security system over time. Outlays on pensions paid to private-sector workers have risen as a result of population ageing and the increase in the value of the minimum wage in real terms, to which the minimum pension is linked. Some features of existing social protection programmes, including means-tested old-age and disability-related benefits, reduce the incentives facing workers to seek social security coverage. At the same time, an expansion of the base of contributions to social security has been constrained by widespread labour informality. Further reform will therefore need to focus on options for containing the rise in social security spending while tackling labour informality so as to broaden the base of contributions.

B. "The Turkish pension system: Further reforms to help solve the informality problem," by Anne-Marie Brook and Edward Whitehouse (Economics Department WP 529, November 2006, .pdf and Microsoft Word format, 28p.).


Recent social security reform has significantly improved the long-run sustainability of the pension system. However, the pension system continues to serve as an important barrier to a more rapid expansion of the formal sector economy in two ways. First, early-retirement incentives (including severance payments) continue to push many incumbent formal sector workers into the informal sector, often at ages as young as 40-45. While new labour force entrants face a much higher retirement age, policies for incumbents are fiscally expensive, inequitable, and serve to swell the ranks of the informal sector. Second, even when the transition to the new pension rules is complete, net replacement rates will remain very high by OECD standards, requiring high social security contribution rates that make it too expensive for firms to employ low-skilled labour in the formal sector. Thus, further pension reform is one of the keys to overcoming Turkey's economic duality. Finally, since the pension system does not cover the informal sector, it does little to alleviate poverty among the wider population of older people. This paper discusses a number of reforms that would increase the retirement age, reduce inter-generational inequities, and permit a significant cut in the tax wedge on labour, while better addressing old-age poverty concerns at all levels of income.


A. "Wages, Productivity and Aging," by Benoit Dostie (Discussion Paper No. 2496, December 2006, .pdf format, 30p.).


In this article, we estimate age based wage and productivity differentials using linked employer-employee Canadian data from the Workplace and Employee Survey 1999-2003. Data on the firm side is used to estimate production functions taking into account the age profile of the firm's workforce. Data on the workers' side is used to estimate wage equations that also depend on age. Results show concave age-wage and age-productivity profiles. Wage-productivity comparisons show that the productivity of workers aged 55 and more with at least an undergraduate degree is lower than their wages. For other groups, we find that wages do not deviate significantly from productivity estimates.

B. "Financial Incentives and the Timing of Retirement: Evidence from Switzerland," by Barbara Hanel and Regina T. Riphahn (Discussion Paper No. 2496, December 2006, .pdf format, 8p.)


We use reforms in the Swiss public retirement system to identify the responsiveness of retirement timing to financial incentives. A permanent reduction of retirement benefits by 3.4 percent induces more than 70 percent of females to postpone their retirement. The responsiveness of male workers, who undergo a different treatment, is lower.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

32. Aging & Mental Health (Vol. 11, No. 1, January 2007).

33. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics (Vol. 44, No. 2, March/April 2007).

34. The Gerontologist (Vol. 46, No. 6, December 2006). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issues.

35. Journal of Aging Studies (Vol. 21, No. 1, January 2007). Note: Full electronic text of this journal is available in the EBSCO Host Academic Search Elite Database. Check your library for the availability of this database and this issues.

36. Journal of Gerontological Social Work (Vol. 47 No. 3/4, 2006).

37. Journals of Gerontology (A): Biological and Medical Sciences (Vols. 61A, Nos. 11, November 2006). Note: Full electronic text of these journals are available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of this database and these issues.

38. Population and Development Review (Vol. 32, No. 4, December 2006).

39. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of Dec. 13, 2006:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of Dec. 13, 2006:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of Dec. 13, 2006

D. "Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of Dec. 13, 2006

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of Dec. 13, 2006

F. Ophthalmology Research: Literature for the week of Dec. 13, 2006

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:

40. US NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL: Assessing Science: Behavioral and Social Research on Aging, edited by Irwin Feller and Paul C. Stern (2006, OpenBook format, 200p.). Pricing information for a print or .pdf copy is available at the site.


VI. Funding Opportunities:


A. "Alzheimer's Disease Pilot Clinical Trials (R01) (PAR-07-142, Dec. 12, 2006, conversion of PAR-05-021, National Institute on Aging). For more information see:

B. "Behavioral and Social Research on Disasters and Health (R01)" (PA-07-141, Dec. 12, 2006, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

C. "Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards (NRSA) for Individual Postdoctoral Fellows (F32)" (PA-07-107, Dec. 12, 2006, revision of PA-06-373, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with several other agencies). For more information see:

D. "Ancillary Studies to the AD Neuroimaging Initiative (R01)" (PA-07-134, Dec. 13, 2006, conversion of PA-04-158, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering). For more information see:


VII. Conferences:

42. US NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON AGING: "Summer Institute on Aging Research 2007," to be held in Queenstown, Maryland, Jul. 14-20, 2007. For more information see:

43. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.

Newly added conference listings (click on the titles at for more information).

American Association of Behavioral and Social Sciences (Feb. 8, 2007, Las Vegas, Nevada).

18th Challenges in Geriatric Practices Aging In A Changing World (Feb. 16, 2007, Chapel Hill, North Carolina).

Alzheimer's 2007: Strategic Directions in Research and Care (Mar. 1, 2007, Durham, North Carolina).

The Greying Nation: A conference on issues of aging (Mar. 21, 2007, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada).

Edmonton Aging Symposium - Repairing the Damage (Mar. 30, 2007, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada).

FICCDAT - Festival of International Conferences on Caregiving, Disability, Aging and Technology (Jun. 16, 2007, Toronto, Ontario, Canada).

6th European Congress of Gerontology (Jul. 5, 2007, St. Petersburg, Northwest Federal District, Russia).

Second International Doris Lessing Conference (Jul. 6, 2007, Leeds, Yorkshire, UK).

Generations United 14th International Conference (Jul. 24, 2007, Washington DC).

Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence (SENS), 3rd Conference (September 6, 2007, Cambridge, Kent, UK).

2nd Canadian Coalition for Seniors' Mental Health Conference: New Directions in Seniors' Mental Health September 24, 2007, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada).

Family Medicine: Focus on Aging Issues (Sep. 29, 2007, San Diego, California).

4th International Symposium on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders in the Middle East (Oct. 26, 2007, Athens, Greece).

60th Annual Scientific Meeting of The Gerontological Society of America (Nov. 15, 2007, San Francisco, California).

Canadian Congress on Leisure Research (CCLR 12) (May 14, 2008, Montreal, Quebec, Canada).

19th International Association of Gerontology World Congress (Jul. 5, 2009, Paris, France).

44. AARP GLOBAL AGING INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CALENDAR: "Age Agenda Conference 2007," to be held in London, UK, Feb. 20, 2007 (Age Concern, UK). For more information see:


VIII. Legislation Information Updates:

45. US HOUSE EDUCATION AND THE WORKFORCE HEARING PUBLICATION: "Examining the Retirement Security of State and Local Government Employees," a field hearing held Aug. 30, 2006 (House Serial Publication 109-54, ASCII text and .pdf format, 96p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-54" (without the quotes).


A. "From Medicaid to Retiree Benefits: How Seniors Impact America's Health Care Costs," a hearing held Jul. 13, 2006 (Senate Hearing 109-660, Serial Publication 109-27, ASCII text and .pdf format, 89p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-660" (without the quotes).

B. "Managing Retirement Assets: Ensuring Seniors Don't Outlive their Savings," a hearing held Jun. 21, 2006 (Senate Hearing 109-638, Serial Publication 109-25, ASCII text and .pdf format, 129p.).

Scroll to or "find in page" "109-638" (without the quotes).


IX. Websites of Interest:

47. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION STATEHEALTHFACTS.ORG UPDATES. KFF has recently updated several entries at its website. Researchers in aging might be interested in:

Medicare Drug Benefit Low-Income Subsidy Applications, as of 11/17/06

Total Number of Residents in Certified Nursing Facilities, 2005

Special Needs Plan (SNP) Enrollment by Plan Type, as of September 2006

48. AARP:

A. Policy and Research Aging Everywhere Update: "China" (December, 2006)." This page contains links to reports, working papers and speeches on the state of the 50+ population of the People's Republic of China, as well as links to relevant governmental and non-governmental organization websites."

AARP Aging Everywhere:

B. "Global Aging Program Portfolio on Long-Term Care" (December 2006). This site "is a collection of recently published international resources on long-term care policies."

Other AARP Global Aging Portfolios:

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for
Demography of Health and Aging
3313 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706