Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #361--November 9, 2006


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. WISCONSIN LONGITUDINAL STUDY: "The WLS staff is pleased to announce the release of the 2004-05 Graduate Spouse Data. 3,890 spouses of graduates were interviewed in 2004-05.  For more information and to download the data please visit our website:

Additionally we have also released version 12.00 of the WLS data set. This update includes a wealth of enhancements as to how the data are organized as well as corrections to variables throughout the data set. If you received WLS data before October 4, 2006 please read change notice #24 and update to the more recent version of the data."

Change Notice #24:

Change Notice #25:


II. Reports and articles:


A. "International Update, October 2006" (HTML and .pdf format, 4p.).

B. "OASDI Beneficiaries by State and ZIP Code, 2005," (October 2006, .pdf, HTML, and Excel format, 726p.).

3. US DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF JUSTICE ARTICLE: "Elder Abuse in the United States," by Catherine C. McNamee with Mary B. Murphy (NIJ Journal No. 255, November 2006, .pdf and HTML format, p. 16-20).





A. "Home Health Prospective Payment System Rate Update for Calendar Year 2007 and Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 Changes to Medicare Payment for Oxygen Equipment and Capped Rental Durable Medical Equipment," (November 1, 2006, .pdf format, 416p.).

CMMS Press Release:

B. "Medicare and You: 2007," (November 2006, .pdf format, 106p.).

C. "CMS Announces Changes to Policies and Payment for Outpatient Services," (November 1, 2006).

A link to the new procedure payment schedule is available in compressed Excel format at:

D. "Decision Memo for Intracranial Stenting and Angioplasty (CAG-00085R2)," (November 6, 2006).

E. "Decision Memo for Serum Iron Studies (Addition of Restless Leg Syndrome as a Covered Indication) (CAG-00263R)," (November 6, 2006).

6. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL ADVISORY OPINION: "To access the Advisory Opinion document 06-20 (concerning a durable medical equipment supplier's practice of providing patients with freehome oxygen until the patients qualify for Medicare coverage of oxygen,as well as the supplier's proposed arrangement to provide patients with a free overnight oximetry test)." (OIG Advisory Opinion No. 06-20, November 2006, .pdf format, 8p.).

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT RESEARCH INSTITUTE ISSUE BRIEF: "Employment-Based Retirement Plan Participation: Geographic Differences and Trends, 2005," by Craig Copeland (EBRI Issue Brief No. 229, November 2006, .pdf format, 36p.).


A. "Strengthening Medicare's Role in Reducing Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities," edited by Bruce C. Vladeck, Paul N. Van de Water, and June Eichner (October 2006, .pdf format, 58p.).

Scroll to the end of the page for the full-text link.

B. "Medicare, the National Quality Infrastructure, and Health Disparities," by Lawrence P. Casalino (Medicare Brief No. 14, October 2006, .pdf format, 7p.)

C. "Improving Medicare's Data on Race and Ethnicity," by A. Marshall McBean (Medicare Brief No. 15, October 2006, .pdf format, 7p.)

D. "Strengthening Medicare's Role in Reducing Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities," (Medicare Brief No. 16, 2006, .pdf format, 4p.).

More about NASI:


A. "How Generous Are Social Security and Medicare?" by Andrew J. Rettenmaier and Thomas R. Saving (NCPA Study No. 290, October 2006, .pdf and HTML format, 14p.).

B. "Work and Retirement," by Liqun Liu and Andrew J. Rettenmaier (Policy Backgrounder No. 162, November 2006, .pdf format, 23p.).

More information about NCPA:

10. AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR HOMECARE REPORT: "Medicare Reimbursement for Power Mobility: An Assessment of the Proposed Reductions," by Clifford L. Fry (October 2006, .pdf format, 41p.).

11. PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH AND MANUFACTURERS OF AMERICA (PhRMA) REPORT: "Medicare Part D: Improving Care for Beneficiaries without Drug Coverage,"(October 2006, .pdf format, 27p.).

12. INVESTMENT COMPANY INSTITUTE REPORT: "401(k) Plans: A 25-Year Retrospective," (Research Perspective, Vol. 12, No. 2, November 2006, .pdf format, 40p.).

Press Release:


A. "Older Worker Training: What We Know and Don't Know," by Neil Charness and Sara J. Czaja (Report No. 2006-22, October 2006, .pdf format, 28p.).

B. "In the Arms of Elders" and "BOOM" (AARP Prime Time Radio, Nov. 7, 2006, RealPlayer plug-in or helper application needed to hear this audio transcript, running time, 23 minutes, 29 seconds).

Click on "Listen" under "In the Arms of Elders" and "BOOM".

Note: This is a temporary address. These shows are archived at:

14. UK DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS REPORT: "Work, saving and retirement among ethnic minorities: A qualitative study," by Helen Barnes and Rebecca Taylor (Research Report No. 396, 2006, .pdf format, 92p.).

15. NATIONAL CENTRE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC MODELLING (NATSEM) [AUSTRALIAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY] PRESENTATION: "Modelling Our Future: Population Ageing and Social Policy," by Ann Harding (October 2006, .pdf format, 50p.).


A. "Transgenic Mice with a Reduced Core Body Temperature Have an Increased Life Span," by Bruno Conti, Manuel Sanchez-Alavez, Raphaelle Winsky-Sommerer, Maria Concetta Morale, Jacinta Lucero, Sara Brownell, Veronique Fabre, Salvador Huitron-Resendiz, Steven Henriksen, Eric P. Zorrilla, Luis de Lecea, and Tamas Bartfai (Vol. 314, No. 5800, November 3, 2006, p. 825-828).

B. "A Century of Alzheimer's Disease," by Michel Goedert and Maria Grazia Spillantini (Vol. 314, No. 5800, November 3, 2006, p. 777-781).

C. "100 Years and Counting: Prospects for Defeating Alzheimer's Disease," by Erik D. Roberson and Lennart Mucke (Vol. 314, No. 5800, November 3, 2006, p. 781-784).

17. NATURE MEDICINE ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "Functional engraftment of human ES cell-derived dopaminergic neurons enriched by coculture with telomerase-immortalized midbrain astrocytes," by Neeta S. Roy, Carine Cleren, Shashi K. Singh, Lichuan Yang, M. Flint Beal, and Steven A. Goldman (Vol. 12, No. 11, November 2006, p. 1259-1268).


A. "Day-to-day dynamics of experience-cortisol associations in a population-based sample of older adults," by Emma K. Adam, Louise C. Hawkley, Brigitte M. Kudielka, and John T. Cacioppo (Vol. 103, No. 45, November 7, 2006, p. 17058-17063).

B. "Fibrosis, not cell size, delineates {beta}-myosin heavy chain reexpression during cardiac hypertrophy and normal aging in vivo," by Kumar Pandya, Hyung-Suk Kim, and Oliver Smithies (Vol. 103, No. 45, November 7, 2006, HTML and .pdf format, p. 16864-16869). Note: Free access to the full-text of this article is available.

C. "Depression induces bone loss through stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system," by Raz Yirmiya, Inbal Goshen, Alon Bajayo, Tirzah Kreisel, Sharon Feldman, Joseph Tam, Victoria Trembovler, Valér Csernus, Esther Shohami, and Itai Bab (Vol. 103, No. 45, November 7, 2006, p. 16876-16881).

D. "Vitamin C mediates chemical aging of lens crystallins by the Maillard reaction in a humanized mouse model," by Xingjun Fan, Lixing W. Reneker, Mark E. Obrenovich, Christopher Strauch, Rongzhu Cheng, Simon M. Jarvis, Beryl J. Ortwerth, and Vincent M. Monnier (Vol. 103, No. 45, November 7, 2006, p. 16912-16917).

E. "Activation of estrogen receptor {alpha} increases and estrogen receptor {beta} decreases apolipoprotein E expression in hippocampus in vitro and in vivo," by Jun Ming Wang, Ronald W. Irwin, and Roberta Diaz Brinton (Vol. 103, No. 45, November 7, 2006, p. 16983-16988).


A. "Systolic Blood Pressure at Admission, Clinical Characteristics, and Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Acute Heart Failure," by Mihai Gheorghiade, William T. Abraham, Nancy M. Albert, Barry H. Greenberg, Christopher M. O'Connor, Lilin She, Wendy Gattis Stough, Clyde W. Yancy, James B. Young, and Gregg C. Fonarow; for the OPTIMIZE-HF Investigators and Coordinators (Vol. 296, No. 18, November 8, 2006, p. 2209-2216).

B. "Palliative Care for Frail Older Adults," by Kenneth S. Boockvar and Diane E. Meier (Vol. 296, No. 18, November 8, 2006, p. 2245-2253).

20. FORBES ARTICLE: Note: Free registration is required prior to accessing content. "Banishing Blind Spots," by Robert Langreth (November 13, 2006).


III. Working Papers:

21. ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT: "Restoring Fiscal Sustainability in the Euro Area: Raise Taxes or Curb Spending?" by Boris Cournede and Frederic Gonand (Economics Department Working Paper No. 520, November 2006, .pdf and Word format, 39p.).


With population ageing, fiscal consolidation has become of paramount importance for euro area countries. Consolidation can be pursued in various ways, with different effects on potential growth, which itself will be dragged down by ageing. A dynamic general equilibrium model with overlapping generations and a public finance block (including a pay-as-you-go pension regime, a health care system, non ageing related public spending and a stock of debt to be repaid) is used to compare the macroeconomic impact of four scenarios: a) increasing taxes to finance unchanged pensions and repay public debt, b) lowering future pension replacement rates and repaying public debt through a lower ratio of non ageing-related outlays to GDP, c) raising the retirement age by 1.25 years per decade and increasing taxes only to pay off debt, and d) increasing the retirement age by 1.25 years per decade and paying off debt through a lower ratio of non ageing-related expenditure to GDP. This last scenario is the one where growth is strongest: with gradual increases in the retirement age and spending restraint, average GDP growth in the 2010s would be 0.34 percentage point stronger than in a scenario where fiscal consolidation is achieved exclusively through tax hikes. The appropriate conclusion from the model is not that public spending is bad per se, but that cuts to lower-priority spending items can deliver surprisingly large income gains compared with the alternative of raising taxes.


A. "Population Aging and Continued Education," by Regina T. Riphahn and Parvati Trübswetter (Discussion Paper No. 2415, November 2006, .pdf format, 15p.).


This study investigates whether the incidence of continued vocational education has changed as the German workforce commenced an aging process which is expected to intensify. As the lifespan in productive employment, lengthens human capital investments for older workers become increasingly worthwhile. Using the data of a German population survey we describe recent trends in the development of human capital investments and apply decomposition procedures to the probability of continued education. Holding everything else constant the shift in the population age distribution by itself would have led to a decline in training participation over the considered period, 1996-2004. However, the decomposition analyses yield that behavioral changes caused an increase in training particularly among older workers.

B. "Intergenerational Conflict, Partisan Politics, and Public Higher Education Spending: Evidence from the German States," by Ulrich Oberndorfer and Viktor Steiner (Discussion Paper No. 2417, November 2006, .pdf format, 21p.).


We analyze potential effects of demographic change and political constellations on higher education spending. In our panel analysis of west German states (Laender) for the period 1985 to 2002 we find empirical evidence for the hypothesis of a negative relationship between demographic aging and spending on public higher education. In contrast to the hypothesis of the classical partisan theory that implies higher public expenditures under leftist parties, we find that governments under conservative parties or a coalition between social democrats and conservatives spend more on public higher education than governments run by the social-democratic party alone.

C. "Making Work Pay for the Elderly Unemployed: Evaluating Alternative Policy Reforms for Germany," by Peter Haan and Viktor Steiner (Discussion Paper No. 2424, November 2006, .pdf format, 26p.).


We evaluate three policy reforms targeted at older unemployed people: (i) an hourly wage subsidy, (ii) an in-work credit, and (iii) a subsidy of social security contributions on low wages. The work incentive, labour supply and welfare effects of these hypothetical reforms are analysed on the basis a detailed micro-simulation model for Germany which includes a structural household labour supply model. We find that the simulated labour supply effects of the three policy reforms would be rather similar and of moderate size, ranging between 20,000 and 30,000 older women and between 10,000 and 20,000 older men. Our results also suggest that the hourly wage subsidy yields the highest welfare gains.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

23. Age and Ageing (Vol. 35, Supp. 3, November 2006).

24. Aging and Mental Health (Vol. 10, No. 6, November 2006).

25. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 164, No. 10, Nov. 15, 2006).

26. Dementia (Vol. 5, No. 4, November 2006).

27. European Journal of Palliative Care (Vol. 13, No. 6, November 2006).

28. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Canadian Journal on Aging (Vol. 25, No. 3, 2006).


29. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of November 8, 2006:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of November 8, 2006:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of November 8, 2006:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of November 8, 2006:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of November 8, 2006:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of November 8, 2006:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Books:


A. Nursing Home Federal Requirements, 6th Edition : Guidelines to Surveyors and Survey Protocols by James E. Allen (2006, ISBN: 0826102670, 592p.).

B. Aging and Disability : Crossing Network Lines edited by Michell Putnam (2006, ISBN: 0826155650, 296p.).

31. INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED SYSTEM ANALYSIS (IIASA): The New Generations of Europeans : Demography and Families in the Enlarged European Union edited by Wolfgang Lutz, Rudolf Richter and Chris Wilson (2006, ISBN: 1844073513 (Paperback), ISBN: 1844073521 (Hardback), 384p.).


VI. Funding Opportunities:

32. NIH:

A. "Venous Thrombosis and Thromboembolism in the Elderly (R01)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, RFA-AG-07-002, November 3, 2006).

B. "Venous Thrombosis and Thromboembolism in the Elderly (R21)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, RFA-AG-07-003, November 3, 2006).

C. "Focal Cognitive Deficits in CNS Disorders (R03)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-07-034, November 8, 2006).

D. "Focal Cognitive Deficits in CNS Disorders (R21)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-07-035, November 8, 2006).

E. "Notice of Intent to Issue an FOA (RFA) to Continue the National Long-Term Care Survey," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, NOT-AG-07-001, October 31, 2006).


VII. Conferences:

33. CENTER FOR EXCELLENCE IN ASSISTED LIVING: The 2006 Center for Excellence in Assisted Living (CEAL) Quality Summit "Assisted Living: The Next Generation -- Opportunities and Challenges" November 30 - December 1, 2006 in Arlington, VA.

34. CONFERENCEALERTS.COM: has recently updated its gerontology conferences page.

Newly added conference listings (click on the titles at for more information).

Blessing and Belonging: Countering Isolation and Enhancing Aging (18 November 2006 Petaluma CA).

Alzheimer's 2007: Strategic Directions in Research and Care (01 March 2007 Durham North Carolina).

Generations United 14th International Conference (24 July 2007 Washington District of Columbia).


VIII. Websites of Interest:

35. CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES: "Part D Enrollment Data". "The Medicare Drug Coverage Enrollment Data page is designed to be a central location for Medicare drug plan enrollment figures. Data include national and local information presented by state, by county, by number of prescription drug claims, and by type of plan. Plan data include figures for both stand-alone Medicare Prescription Drug Plans (PDPs) and Medicare Advantage Plans that include Medicare prescription drug coverage (MA-PDs)."




Charlie Fiss
Information Manager
Center for Demography and Ecology and
Center for Demography of Health and Aging
Rm. 3329 Social Science Bldg
1180 Observatory Drive
Madison, WI 53706-1393
Phone: (608) 265-9240
Fax: (608) 262-8400