Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #351--August 24, 2006


CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. HEALTH AND RETIREMENT STUDY: The University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research HRS has announced: "2003 Diabetes Study (Final, Version 1.0)," (August 18, 2006).

Data access:

2. US CENTERS FOR MEDICARE AND MEDICAID SERVICES: "Ambulatory Surgery Center Payment Information," (August 2006, zipped Excel format).

Related Press Release:

3. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS: "Bridged-race Vintage 2005 postcensal population estimates for July 1, 2000 - July 1, 2005, by year, county, single-year of age, bridged-race, Hispanic origin, and sex," (August 2006, Word (documentation), ASCII, zipped ASCII, and SAS format (data)).


II. Reports and articles:


A. "OASDI (Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance) Monthly Statistics, July 2006" (August 2006, HTML and .pdf format).

B. "SSI (Supplementary Security Income) Monthly Statistics, July 2006," (August 2006, HTML and .pdf format).

5. CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE REPORT: "Automatic Enrollment in 401(k) Plans," by Patrick Purcell (RS21954, August 2006, .pdf format, 6p.).


A. "Medicare Advantage Marketing Materials for Calendar Year 2005," (OEI-01-05-00130, August 2006, .pdf format, 22p.).


This evaluation determined whether Medicare Advantage marketing materials for 2005 met CMS's marketing requirements. The OIG found that some marketing materials in our sample lacked CMS-required information concerning limitations to prescription drug benefits. In addition, some materials in our sample lacked elements required by CMS to ensure that beneficiaries can access plan information. Finally, some marketing materials in our sample did not clearly convey information concerning other aspects of plan coverage. CMS's continued diligence in reviewing marketing materials is essential. OIG has no recommendations for CMS. CMS concurred with the findings, stating that the report will help it improve its marketing materials review process.

B. "The Food and Drug Administration's National Drug Code Directory," (OEI-06-05-00060, August 2006, .pdf format, 36p.).


The objective of this study was to determine whether FDA's National Drug Code (NDC) Directory is a complete and accurate listing of currently marketed prescription drug products. Results show that the NDC Directory is neither complete nor accurate. An estimated 9,187 prescription drug products are missing while another 5,150 have not cleared the listing process. Further, an estimated 34,257 drug products listed are no longer on the market, or are listed in error. Problems are due primarily to drug firms' failing to report when drugs are placed on or taken off the market and failing to provide sufficient and accurate information to complete the listing process. To resolve issues of completeness and accuracy of the Directory, OIG recommends that FDA: (1) finalize draft listing instructions referenced on its Web site, (2) provide greater control over the assignment of NDCs, (3) continue efforts to implement electronic submission of listing forms by firms, (4) implement a mechanism to routinely identify drug product omissions and inaccuracies, (5) resolve the status of currently pending drug product listings, (6) enhance communication with drug firms to facilitate accurate and complete reporting of drug products, and (7) identify and take appropriate action against drug firms that consistently fail to list drug products and update information. FDA concurred with OIG's recommendations.

C. "Nursing Home Emergency Preparedness and Response During Recent Hurricanes," (OEI-06-06-00020, August 2006, .pdf format, 40p.).


The objectives of this study were to determine the incidence of nursing home deficiencies for lack of emergency preparedness, and for selected nursing homes in the five Gulf States, to examine their experiences during recent hurricanes and the completeness of their emergency preparedness plans. We reviewed State survey data, conducted onsite interviews of nursing home staff and local authorities, and compared nursing home emergency plans to a list of provisions suggested by emergency management and elder care experts.

We found that nationwide, 94 percent of nursing homes met Federal standards for emergency plans and 80 percent for sufficient emergency training in 2004-2005, with similar compliance rates for Gulf States. Among selected nursing homes, we found that all experienced problems whether evacuating or sheltering in place. However, those that evacuated faced transportation contracts that were not honored, lengthy travel times, host facilities that were unavailable or inadequately prepared, inadequate staffing, insufficient food and water, and difficult reentry to facilities. We also found that nursing home administrators and staff often did not follow their emergency plans during recent hurricanes, that the emergency plans were often missing suggested provisions, and that a lack of collaboration between State and local emergency entities and nursing homes impeded emergency planning and response.

7. US NATIONAL CENTER FOR HEALTH STATISTICS REPORT: "Prevalence of Functional Limitations Among Adults 60 Years of Age and Over: United States, 1999-2002," (Advance Data From Vital and Health Statistics, No. 375, August 2006, .pdf format, 8p.).

8. US GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORT: "Mammography: Current Nationwide Capacity Is Adequate, but Access Problems May Exist in Certain Locations," (GAO-06-724, July 2006, .pdf format, 56p.).

Note: This is a temporary address. GAO reports are always available at:

9. US DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR PLANNING AND EVALUATION REPORT: "Ensuring a Qualified Long-Term Care Workforce: From Pre-Employment Screens to On-the-Job Monitoring," (May 2006, .pdf and HTML format, 93p.).


A. "A Bill of Rights for Homeowners in Associations: Basic Principles of Consumer Protection and Sample Model Statute," by David A. Kahne (No. 2006-15, July 2006, .pdf format, 71p.).

B. "The following AARP _Prime Time Radio_ show is now available (RealPlayer plug-in or helper application required, audio transcripts run between 24 and 30 minutes)."

Older Americans and Depression

Prostate Cancer


A. "Estimating Pension Coverage Using Different Data Sets," by Geoffrey Sanzenbacher (IB No. 51, August 2006, .pdf format, 8p.).

B. "An Update on Private Pensions," by Alicia H. Munnell and Pamela Perun (IB No. 50, August 2006, .pdf format, 11p.).

12. KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION REPORT: "Early Experiences of Medicare Beneficiaries in Prescription Drug Plans," by Julia James, Tricia Neuman, and Michelle Kitchman Strollo (August 2006, .pdf format, 15p.).

13. URBAN INSTITUTE REPORT: "Work and Retirement: Facts and Figures," (August 2006, .pdf and HTML format, 4p.).

14. POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU ARTICLE: "Elderly White Men Afflicted by High Suicide Rates," by Sandra Yin (August 2006).

15. METLIFE MATURE MARKET INSTITUTE REPORT: "MetLife Study of Alzheimer's: The Caregiving Experience," (August 2006, .pdf format, 19p.).

16. NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH PERIODICAL: _Bulletin on Aging and Health_ (Summer 2006, HTML and .pdf format, 6p.).

17. ILCUSA REPORT: "ILC Policy Report," (International Longevity Center, USA, August 2006, .pdf format, 6p.). The ILC Policy Report is "a monthly compilation of longevity news and trends in the U.S. and abroad."

18. AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE OF HEALTH AND WELFARE REPORT: "National Palliative Care Performance Indicators," (August 2006, .pdf format, 78p.).

19. NATURE LETTER ABSTRACT: "Notch signalling regulates stem cell numbers in vitro and in vivo," by Andreas Androutsellis-Theotokis, Ronen R. Leker, Frank Soldner, Daniel J. Hoeppner, Rea Ravin, Steve W. Poser, Maria A. Rueger, Soo-Kyung Bae, Raja Kittappa and Ronald D. G. McKay (Vol. 442, No. 7104, August 17, 2006, p. 823-826).

20. SCIENCE REPORT ABSTRACT: "Mutations That Increase the Life Span of C. elegans Inhibit Tumor Growth," by Julie M. Pinkston, Delia Garigan, Malene Hansen, and Cynthia Kenyon (Vol. 313, No. 5789, August 18, 2006, p. 971-975).


A. "Mutational analysis of DJ-1 in Drosophila implicates functional inactivation by oxidative damage and aging," by Marc C. Meulener, Kexiang Xu, Leonor Thompson, Harry Ischiropoulos, and Nancy M. Bonini (Vol. 103, No. 33, August 15, 2006, p. 12517-12522).

B. "Memory enhancement in healthy older adults using a brain plasticity-based training program: A randomized, controlled study," by Henry W. Mahncke, Bonnie B. Connor, Jed Appelman, Omar N. Ahsanuddin, Joseph L. Hardy, Richard A. Wood, Nicholas M. Joyce, Tania Boniske, Sharona M. Atkins, and Michael M. Merzenich (Vol. 103, No. 33, August 15, 2006, p. 12523-12528).

C. "NO synthase 2 (NOS2) deletion promotes multiple pathologies in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease," by C. A. Colton, M. P. Vitek, D. A. Wink, Q. Xu, V. Cantillana, M. L. Previti, W. E. Van Nostrand, B. Weinberg, and H. Dawson (Vol. 103, No. 33, August 22, 2006, .pdf and HTML format, p. 12867-12872). Note: _PNAS_ is providing open-access to this article.


A. "Gradient of Disability across the Socioeconomic Spectrum in the United States," by Meredith Minkler, Esme Fuller-Thomson, and Jack M. Guralnik (Vol. 355, No. 7, August 17, 2006, p. 695-703).

Related NIH Press Release:

B. "Overweight, Obesity, and Mortality in a Large Prospective Cohort of Persons 50 to 71 Years Old," by Kenneth F. Adams, Arthur Schatzkin, Tamara B. Harris, Victor Kipnis, Traci Mouw, Rachel Ballard-Barbash, Albert Hollenbeck, and Michael F. Leitzmann (Vol. 355, No. 8, August 24, 2006, p. 763-778).

23. BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL EDITORIAL EXTRACT: "Meeting the needs of elderly people in China," by Tuohong Zhang and Yude Chen (Vol. 333, No. 7564, August 19, 2006, .pdf and HTML format, p. 362-363).

24. TIME ARTICLE: "Income to Count On," by Daniel Kadlec (Vol. 168, No. 8, August 21, 2006).,9171,1226152,00.html


III. Working Papers:


A. "Pensions, Social Security, Wealth and Lifetime Earnings: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study," by William G. Gale and John W.R. Phillips (WP No. 2006-14, August 2006, .pdf format, 19p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "Effects of Public Policies on the Disposition of Lump-Sum Distributions: Rational and Behavioral Influences," by William G. Gale and Michael Dworsky (WP No. 2006-15, August 2006, .pdf format, 15p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

C. "No Place Like Home: Older Adults and Their Housing," by Timothy Smeeding, Barbara Boyle Torrey, Jonathan Fisher, David S. Johnson, and Joseph Marchand (WP No. 2006-16, August 2006, .pdf format, 26p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


A. "Policy Options for Financing the Future Health and Long-Term Care Costs in Japan," by Tadashi Fukui and Yasushi Iwamoto (Working Paper No. w12427, August 2006, .pdf format, 38p.).


As the Japanese population structure changes, health care and long-term care costs will steadily increase. The current style of financing (pay-as-you-go) will create a large increase in future burden of these costs. This paper studies an alternative policy that prefunds the social insurance benefits for the elderly. During a transition process, the proposed scheme maintains a higher contribution rate in order to accumulate sufficient funds. Under our baseline scenario, the sum of the contribution rates toward health insurance and long-term care insurance increases from 5.06 percent of earnings to 12.41 percent of the same. The rate of increase in overall burdens, including taxes and subsidies, is 63 percent. Our sensitivity analysis has shown that the quantitative implications of the increase in total burdens depend on social cost scenarios, the labor force, and the interest rate. However, labor force scenarios do not have a considerable impact on the rate of burden. As against this, the setting of social costs has a significant impact on the same. Even under the most optimistic scenario, the rate of increase in total burden is 34 percent. Even though we cannot predict the exact amount of the necessary contribution rate that is capable enough to transfer the funded system, what we are sure of is that a significant increase in the contribution rate is inevitable.

B. "The Growth in the Social Security Disability Rolls: A Fiscal Crisis Unfolding," by David Autor and Mark Duggan (Working Paper No. w12436, August 2006, .pdf format, 35p.).


More than 80 percent of nonelderly U.S. adults are insured against the risk of disabling physical or mental illness by Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI). This article evaluates the causes of the extraordinary growth in SSDI enrollment, considers its fiscal ramifications, and discusses potential policy responses. While aggregate population health has improved by most measures in recent decades, the rate of SSDI receipt among nonelderly adults has nearly doubled since 1984. We project that SSDI receipt will rise by an additional seventy percent before reaching a steady state rate of approximately 6.5 percent of adults between the ages of 25 and 64, with cash benefit payments exceeding $150 billion annually (excluding Medicare). We trace the rapid expansion of SSDI to: (1) congressional reforms to disability screening in 1984 that enabled workers with low mortality disorders such as back pain, arthritis and mental illness to more readily qualify for benefits; (2) a rise in the after-tax DI income replacement rate, which strengthened the incentives for workers to seek benefits; (3) and a rapid increase in female labor force participation that expanded the pool of insured workers. Notably, the aging of the baby boom generation has contributed little to the growth of SSDI to date. Among several avenues for reducing SSDI growth, we suggest that the most promising are revamping the disability appeals process--in which the Social Security Administration currently loses nearly three-quarters of all appeals--and reducing the attractiveness of DI benefits for work-capable disabled individuals by providing additional access to public health insurance. By contrast, previous efforts to reduce the SSDI rolls by discontinuing benefits or by providing stronger return-to-work incentives have proved remarkably unsuccessful.

C. "Financial Innovation for an Aging World," by by Olivia S. Mitchell, John Piggott, Michael Sherris, and Shaun Yow (Working Paper No. w12444, August 2006, .pdf format, 46p.).


Over the last half-century, around the world, many nations have seen plummeting fertility rates and mounting life expectancies. These two factors are the engine behind unprecedented global aging. In this paper, we explore how the demographic transition may influence financial markets and, in turn, how financial market innovation might help resolve concerns flowing from global aging trends. We first provide context by reviewing the economics, finance, and insurance-related literature on how global aging patterns may influence capital markets. We then turn to insurance markets, and discuss a range of products and policies, including both retail and wholesale financial offerings for various forms of life annuities, long-term care benefits, reverse mortgages, securitization of longevity risk, inflation-protected assets, reinsurance, guarantees, derivative contracts on residential property price indices, mortality swaps and longevity derivative contracts. We also indicate how new public-private partnerships might be beneficial in enhancing the future environment for old-age risk management.

D. "Employer Matching and 401(k) Saving: Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study," by Gary V. Engelhardt and Anil Kumar (Working Paper No. w12447, August 2006, .pdf format, 79p.).


Employer matching of employee 401(k) contributions can provide a powerful incentive to save for retirement and is a key component in pension-plan design in the United States. Using detailed administrative contribution, earnings, and pension-plan data from the Health and Retirement Study, this analysis formulates a life-cycle-consistent econometric specification of 401(k) saving and estimates the determinants of saving accounting for non-linearities in the household budget set induced by matching. The participation estimates indicate that an increase in the match rate by 25 cents per dollar of employee contribution raises 401(k) participation by 3.75 to 6 percentage points, and the estimated elasticity of participation with respect to matching ranges from 0.02-0.07. The parametric and semi-parametric estimates for saving indicate that an increase in the match rate by 25 cents per dollar of employee contribution raises 401(k) saving by $400-$700 (in 1991 dollars). The estimated elasticity of 401(k) saving to matching is also small and ranges from 0.09-0.12 overall, with just under half of this effect on the intensive margin. Overall, the analysis reveals that matching is a rather poor policy instrument with which to raise retirement saving.


A. "How long will we live?" by John Bongaarts (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 215, 2006, .pdf format, 28p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "Urban versus rural mortality among older adults in China," by Zachary Zimmer, Toshiko Kaneda, and Laura Spess (Policy Research Division Working Paper no. 214, 2006, .pdf format, 21p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:


A. "Population Forecasts, Fiscal Policy, and Risk," by Shripad Tuljapurkar (Working Paper No. 471, August 2006, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

B. "Retiree Health Benefit Coverage and Retirement," by Stephen A. Woodbury and James Marton (Working Paper No. 470, August 2006, .pdf format, 30p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

C. "The Changing Role of Employer Pensions: Tax Expenditures, Costs, and Implications for Middle-Class Elderly," by Teresa Ghilarducci (Working Paper No. 469, August 2006, .pdf format, 31p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

D. "Global Demographic Trends and Provisioning for the Future," by L. Randall Wray (Working Paper No. 468, August 2006, .pdf format, 26p.). Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

29. WEATHERHEAD CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS [HARVARD UNIVERSITY]:"Understanding Global Imbalances," by Richard N. Cooper (August 2006, .pdf format, 18p.). Note: Links to the abstract and full-text can be found at:

30. INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR (IZA) [UNIVERSITY OF BONN, GERMANY]: "Part-Time Pensions and Part-Time Work in Sweden," by Eskil Wadensjö(Discussion Paper No. 2273, August 2006, .pdf format, 35p.) .


Sweden had a special partial pension scheme between 1976 and 2001. It was one of three part-time pension schemes in the social security system. The other two were a partial early old-age pension, and a partial disability pension. The special partial pension scheme became very popular with a high take-up rate and was criticized for being too expensive. As a part of the decision on the old age pension scheme in 1994, the partial pension scheme was made less generous, and the scheme was totally abolished from year 2001. The other two options for combining work and receiving a pension continue. In this paper the effect on the total number of hours worked of the subsidized part-time pension system is analysed. The analysis indicates that the effect that people continue to work part-time instead of taking an early exit route is larger than the effect that people who would have continued to work full-time until ordinary retirement age instead work part-time.

31. CENTER FOR ECONOMIC STUDIES/Ifo INSTITUTE FOR ECONOMIC RESEARCH (CESifo) [UNIVERSITY OF MUNICH, GERMANY]: "Increasing Longevity and Social Security Reforms," by Torben Andersen (CESifo Working Paper No. 1759, July 2006, .pdf format, 16p.).


Increasing longevity causes an upward trend in the dependency ratio in many countries. This raises concerns about the financial sustainability of social security schemes, and reform initiatives and proposals abound. It is shown that a fundamental policy choice inevitably arises since a given social security system cannot be maintained by simply indexing retirement ages and benefits to longevity. The political reform process is analysed using the so-called legislative procedure. When longevity increases, the young generation contributes more, and the old generation faces lower benefits and an retirement age that increases more than proportionally to the increase in longevity. 2006/CESifo%20Working%20Papers%20August%202006/cesifo1_wp1789.pdf


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

32. Age and Ageing (Vol. 35, No. 5, Sept. 2006).

33. American Journal of Epidemiology (Vol. 164, No. 5, Sept. 1, 2006).

34. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences (Vol. 61, No. 8, August 2006). Note: Full electronic text of these journals is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for the availability of these databases and these issues.

35. Journal of Pension Economics and Finance (Vol. 5, No. 3, November 2006).

36. Research in Nursing and Health (Vol. 29, No. 4, August 2006).

37. INGENTA Tables of Contents: INGENTA provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "advanced search"
C. Type in your publication name and click "Exact title" radio button
D. Under "Show", click the "fax/ariel" radio button.
E. View the table of contents for the issue noted.

Canadian Journal of Aging (Vol. 25, No. 2, 2006).

Journal of Aging and Physical Activity (Vol. 14, No. 3, 2006).

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (Vol. 54, No. 8, 2006).

38. AMEDEO MEDICAL LITERATURE: Note: "AMEDEO has been created to serve the needs of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, pharmacists, administrators, other members of the health professions, and patients and their friends. They can easily access timely, relevant information within their respective fields... All AMEDEO services are free of charge. This policy was made possible thanks to generous unrestricted educational grants provided by AMGEN, Berlex, Eisai, Glaxo Wellcome, Novartis, Pfizer, Roche, and Schering AG."

A. Osteoporosis: Literature for the week of August 16/23, 2006:

B. Alzheimer's Disease: Literature for the week of August 16/23, 2006:

C. Parkinson's Disease: Literature for the week of August 16/23, 2006:

D. Prostate Cancer: Literature for the week of August 16/23, 2006:

E. Stem Cell Research: Literature for the week of August 16/23, 2006:

F. Ophthalmology: Literature for the week of August 16/23, 2006:

AMEDEO Literature Guide:


V. Funding Opportunities:

39. NIH:

A. "Networks and Pathways Collaborative Research Projects (R01)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-522, August 10, 2006).

B. "Independent Scientist Award (K02)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-527, August 15, 2006).

C. "Clinical Research Education and Career Development (CRECD) in Minority Institutions (R25)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, RFA-RR-06-003, August 18, 2006).

D. "Functional Links between the Immune System, Brain Function and Behavior (R21)," (US National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging, in conjunction with other agencies, PA-06-533, August 22, 2006).


VI. Websites of Interest:

40. HRS BIBLIOGRAPHY UPDATES: The University of Michigan Institute for Social Research Health and Retirement Study has recently updated its bibliography. The full bibliography can be found at:

HRS has also added a new page that enables users to search for online citations. The search page can be found at:


Bulanda, J. R., Marriage in Later Life: The Relationship between Marital Quality, Health, and Divorce 2006. Bowling Green State University.

Gortz, M., Ageing and Well-Being: Consumption and Time Use of Elderly Americans 2006. University of Copenhagen.

Hong, W., The Effects of Defined Contribution Plans on the Retirement Decision 2006. Georgia State University.

Lima, J., The Demography of Community Based Care: The Late Middle-Aged Versus the Elderly 2006. Brown University.

Nizalova, O., Three Essays in Labor Economics and the Economics of Aging 2005. Michigan State University.

Xu, J., Labor Market Responses to the Onset of Disabilities or Health Problems for Older Workers: A longitudinal study of race difference 2006. The Johns Hopkins University.

Journal Articles:

Banks, J., Marmot, M., Oldfield, Z., and Smith, J. P., Disease and Disadvantage in the United States and in England Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 295, pp. 2037-2045, 2006.

Cao, H., Time and Financial Transfers Within and Beyond the Family Journal of Family and Economic Issues, vol. 27, pp. 375-2006.

Caputo, R. K., Increased wealth and income as correlates of self-assessed retirement. J Gerontol Soc Work, vol. 47, pp. 175-201, 2006.

Cramer, A. T. and Jensen, G. A., Why Don't People Buy Long-Term Care Insurance? Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological and Social Sciences, vol. 61B, pp. S185-S1932006.

Divani, A., Hoonjan, A., Nasar, A., Dunbar, S., and Hesselbrig, J., Incidence and Frequency of Falling Accidents among Persons With and Without Stroke: Health and Retirement Study survey 2002 Stroke, vol. 37 , pp. 631 2006.

Farnham, M. and Sevak, P., State Fiscal Institutions and Empty-Nest Migration: Are Tiebout voters hobbled? Journal of Public Economics, vol. 90 , pp. 407-427 , 2006.

Hadley, J. and Waidmann, T., Health Insurance and Health at Age 65: Implications for medical care spending on new Medicare beneficiaries Health Services Research, vol. 41 , pp. 429-451 , 2006.

London, A. S. and Wilmoth, J. M., Military Service and (Dis)Continuity in the Life Course: Evidence on Disadvantage and Mortality from the Health and Retirement Study and the Study of Assets and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old Research on Aging, vol. 28, pp. 1352006.

Reyes-Gibby, C. C., Aday, L. A., Anderson, K. O., Mendoza, T. R., and Cleeland, C. S., Pain, Depression, and Fatigue in Community-Dwelling Adults With and Without a History of Cancer Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 32, pp. 118-28, 2006.

Song, J., Chang, R. W., and Dunlop, D. D., Population Impact of Arthritis on Disability in Older Adults Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol. 55, pp. 248-55, 2006.

Wight, R. G., Aneshensel, C. S., Miller-Martinez, D., Botticello, A. L., Cummings, J. R., Karlamangla, A. S., and Seeman, T. E., Urban Neighborhood Context, Educational Attainment, and Cognitive Function Among Older Adults American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 163, pp. 1071-1078, 2006.

Xu, X. and Jensen, G. A., Health Effects of Managed Care among the Near-Elderly Journal of Aging and Health, vol. 18, pp. 507-33, 2006.

Xu, X., Patel, D. A., Vahratian, A., and Ransom, S. B., Insurance Coverage and Health Care Use among Near-Elderly Women Women's Health Issues, vol. 16, pp. 139-148, 2006.

Zhang, Z., Marital History and the Burden of Cardiovascular Disease in Midlife The Gerontologist, vol. 46, pp. 266-70, 2006.


Au, A., Mitchell, O.S., and Phillips, J.W.R., Saving Shortfalls and Delayed Retirement 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Brown, C., The Role of Conventional Retirement Age in Retirement Decisions 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Cao, H. and Hill, D.H., Knowledge and Preference in Reporting Financial Information 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Cao, H., Hill, D.H., Juster, F.T., and Perry, M., Enhancing the Quality of Data on Income and Wealth 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Dhaval, D., Rashad, I., and Spasojevic, J., The Effects of Retirement on Physical and Mental Health Outcomes 2006. National Bureau of Economic Research. NBER Working Paper w12123.

Friedberg, L. and Webb, A., Determinants and Consequences of Bargaining Power in Households 2006. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. Boston College.

Gong, G. and Webb, A., Mortality, Heterogeneity and the Distributional Consequences of Mandatory Annuitization 2006. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. Boston College.

Gortz, M., Heterogeneity in Preferences and Productivity: Implications for Retirement 2006. Dept. of Economics. University of Copenhagen.

Gustman, A.L. and Steinmeier, T.L., Retirement, Saving, Benefit Claiming and Solvency Under a Partial System of Voluntary Personal Accounts 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Gustman, A.L. and Steinmeier, T.L., Social Security and Retirement Dynamics 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Hurd, M.D. and Rohwedder, S., Changes in Consumption and Activities in Retirement 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Johnson, R.W., Mermin, G.B.T., and Uccello, C.E., How Secure Are Retirement Nest Eggs? 2006. Center for Retirement Research. Boston College.

Juster, F.T., Cao, H., Perry, M., and Couper, M., The Effect of Unfolding Brackets on the Quality of Wealth Data in HRS 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Laitner, J., House, C., and Stolyarov, D., Valuing Lost Home Production in Dual-Earner Couples 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Laitner, J. and Silverman, D., Estimating Life-Cycle Parameters from Consumption Behavior at Retirement 2005. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Lusardi, A. and Beeler, J., Savings Between Cohorts: the Role of Planning 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Lusardi, A. and Mitchell, O.S., Baby Boomer Retirement Security: The Roles of Planning, Financial Literacy, and Housing Wealth 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Munnell, A.H. and Zhivan, N., Earnings and Women's Retirement Security 2006. Center for Retirement Research at Boston College. Boston College.

Perry, M., On the Covariance Structure of Changes in Consumption in the Health and Retirement Study 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Phillips, J.W. and Mitchell, O.S., Social Security Replacement Rates for Alternative Earnings Benchmarks 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Rohwedder, S. and VanSoest, A., The Impact of Misperceptions about Social Security on Saving and Well-Being 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.

Seligman, J.S. and Bose, R., Are DC Plans Tools for Learning? Pension Design, Financial Education, and Portfolio Choice for Older Workers 2005. University of Georgia.

Spillman, B.C. and Black, K.J., The Size and Characteristics of the Residential Care Population: Evidence from Three National Surveys 2006. The Urban Institute, Health Policy Center. Washington, DC.

van Soest, A. and Katpeyn Arie, Savings, Portfolio Choice, and Retirement Expectations 2006. Michigan Retirement Research Center. University of Michigan.




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