Current Awareness in Aging Research (CAAR) Report #35--May 25, 2000

CAAR (Current Awareness in Aging Research) is a weekly email report produced by the Center for Demography of Health and Aging at the University of Wisconsin-Madison that helps researchers keep up to date with the latest developments in the field. For more information, including an archive of back issues and subscription information see:


I. Data:

1. IPUMS TASKFORCE ON THE 2000 PUMS REPORT: "The Census Bureau is considering significant reductions in the level of subject detail for the Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) of the 2000 Census in order to reassure the public about respondent confidentiality. ... On May 22, the Bureau held a Census 2000 Users' Conference on PUMS to gauge the reaction of the User community to the proposed changes. To prepare for this meeting, the Minnesota Population Center and the ICPSR Census 2000 Advisory Committee carried out a survey of PUMS users and prepared a report describing the results and offering recommendations to the Bureau." The report is available in HTML and .pdf formats.

2. NCHS:

A. The US National Center for Health Statistics has made available the 1997 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) on CD-ROM. The CD-ROM contains ASCII data files, SAS and SPSS programs for data input, file documentation, and copies of the questionnaires. Acrobat reader software for viewing the file documentation and the questionnaires is also provided. Presently, there is no charge for the CD-ROM.

To obtain the CD-ROM call:

(301) 458-4636

and ask for "1997 NHIS CD-Rom, Series 10, number 12A (ASCII version)"

or order through the NCHS website:

For more information on NHIS (including links to an NCHS ftp site to download the above data for those interested in acquiring it that way) see:

B. NCHS has also made available (through the Government Printing Office), the 1997 National Nursing Home Survey on CD-ROM. The price of this CD-ROM is $19. GPO stock number: 017-022-01485-8.

Ordering can be done via:

For more information about NNHS (including links to an NCHS ftp site to download the above data for those interested in acquiring it that way) see:


II. Reports and articles:

3. DHHS OIG REPORT: The Office of the Inspector General of the US Department of Health and Human Services has released "Nursing Home Vaccination: Reaching Healthy People Goals," (OEI-01-99-00010, April 2000, .pdf format, 38p.).

>From the Abstract:

This inspection looked at ways to accelerate fulfillment of the Healthy People 2010 goal of vaccinating 90 percent of nursing home residents against influenza and pneumococcal disease. We found that four levers of change can be influential in reaching this goal: making vaccination a standard part of admission, collecting uniform data on vaccination coverage, easing access to vaccines, and enhancing education about vaccine safety and efficacy. We identified opportunities for improvement corresponding with each of the four levers, which we directed to HCFA [Health Care Financing Administration] and the CDC [Centers for Disease Control]. HCFA could require nursing homes to assess residents for vaccinations upon admission, add vaccination to the Minimum Data Set, and use its contractors to teach nursing homes about simplified Medicare billing. HCFA and CDC could use the Minimum Data Set to identify and reach out to nursing homes with low vaccination rates. Both agencies responded positively in their comments on the draft report.

4. GAO REPORT: "Medicare Home Health Agencies: Overpayments Are Hard to Identify and Even Harder to Collect" (General Accounting Office Report HEHS/AIMD-00-132, April 2000, .pdf format, 33p.).

Note: GAO Internet addresses are valid for only a limited period of time. After that time, documents can be found by searching the Government Printing Office:

and searching on title or report number.

5. _SCIENCE_ ARTICLE ABSTRACT: "NIH Headed for Big Boost, Others Struggle," by Andrew Lawler (_Science_, May 19, 2000, Vol. 288, No. 5469, p. 1155). Note: Your organization may have access to full electronic text of this article. Check your organization's library.


A. "The Risks of Estrogen," by Sharon Begley (_Newsweek_, May 29, 2000).

B. "Don't Give Up on Sex After 60," by Helen Gurley Brown (_Newsweek_, May 29, 2000).

C. "That Old Social Security Magic," by Allan Sloan (_Newsweek_, May 29, 2000).

7. US NEWS AND WORLD REPORT ARTICLE: "The Social Security shuffle begins," by Jodie T. Allen (_US News and World Report_, May 29, 2000).

8. CHCPR RESEARCH NOTICE: "The Center for Home Care Policy and Research is conducting a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation-funded research effort to recognize initiatives nationwide that employ innovative strategies to improve the well-being of older people and to bring about fundamental changes in community perspectives and service delivery structures. Please contact Vicky Ko for more information about the project or to identify innovative efforts for consideration."

For more information about the Center for Home Care Policy and Research see:


III. Working Papers:

9. UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON CENTER FOR STUDIES IN DEMOGRAPHY AND ECOLOGY: "Menstrual Cycle Variability and the Perimenopause," by Kathleen A. O'Connor, Darryl J. Holman, and James W. Wood (Working Paper 00-6, 2000, .pdf and .rtf formats, 18p.).

>From the Abstract:

Menopause, the final cessation of menstrual cycling, occurs when the pool of ovarian follicles is depleted. The one to five years just prior to the menopause are usually marked by increasing variability in menstrual cycle length, frequency of ovulation, and levels of reproductive hormones. Little is known about the mechanisms that account for these characteristics of ovarian cycles as the menopause approaches. Some evidence suggests that the dwindling pool of follicles itself is responsible for cycle characteristics during the perimenopausal transition. Another hypothesis is that the increased variability reflects "slippage" of the hypothalamus, which loses the ability to regulate menstrual cycles at older reproductive ages. We examine the underlying cause of the increasing variability in menstrual cycle length prior to the menopause. A model of ovarian cycles is developed, based on the process of follicular growth and depletion. Under this model, the follicular phase of each menstrual cycle is preceded by an inactive phase, a period of time when no ovarian follicles have left the resting state and begun secreting steroids in response to gonadotropin stimulation. The model makes predictions about the variability in menstrual cycles across the reproductive life span based on the size of the surviving pool of ovarian follicles. We show that the model can explain several characteristics of the perimenopause in humans and macaques.

Scroll to "00-6" and download .pdf or .rtf.



A. "Health, Wealth and Progeny: explaining the living arrangements of older European Women," by Maria Iacovou (Working Paper 2000-8, February 2000, .pdf format, 28p.).

>From the Abstract:

The increase in the numbers of older people across industrialised countries, and the increasing proportion of older people who live alone, have enormous implications for social policy in these countries. This paper uses data from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) to analyse the determinants of living alone for elderly non-married women in Europe; and to examine how these determinants vary between different groups of countries. A number of methodological issues relating to research on living arrangements are also discussed. The main findings of the paper are that higher levels of income are related to a higher probability of living alone, although the relationship is S-shaped, with the main effect found in the second quartile in higher-income countries, and the third quartile in lower-income countries. Women with a limiting health problem are less likely to live alone in countries where social spending is relatively low, while women who have had more children are less likely to live alone in countries where residential mobility is relatively high.

Click on PDF icon at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

B. "The Living Arrangements of Elderly Europeans," by Maria Iacovou (Working Paper 2000-9, February 2000, .pdf format, 35p.).

>From the Abstract:

This paper uses data from the European Community Household Panel survey to chart the living arrangements of older people in 13 countries across the European Union, focusing particularly on whether older people live with a spouse, with their children, or with other adults. There are wide variations between men and women, mainly due to the fact that women are widowed at a much earlier age than men; there are large variations with age; and there are also large differences between countries. Men and women in a "Southern", or "Catholic" group of countries are much more likely to live with their children, either with or without a partner, than men and women in "Northern", or "Protestant" countries, who tend to live with just a partner, or to live alone. A large proportion of the older people in our sample who live with their children are receiving care within the household, particularly in the Southern countries; we also find that the giving of care is to a large extent reciprocal, with child care being provided within the household by the "younger old", to almost the same extent as care is provided by other family members to the "older old". However, this reciprocity of care holds only in the case of women; older men living with their children provide very little child care, while receiving the same amount of care as older women.

Click on PDF icon at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

C. "Occupational Pension Coverage in the European Union: an empirical analysis," by Vincenzo Andrietti (Working Paper 2000-14, February 2000, .pdf format, 31p.). Note: Though some of this paper may appear illegible, the reason is that there are specific typesetting letter combination ligatures that Adobe Acrobat readers don't seem to handle properly. If you see a word interrupted with ..., (for example, speci...c), read the ... as "fi." All words interrupted with ... pertain to fi ligatures that Adobe Acrobat didn't handle properly. Similarly, any two tiered crosses should be read as "fl", anything that appears as "#" in the middle of a word should be read as "ff", and anything that appears as the US "cent" sign (c with a cross through it), should be read as "ffi". Ligatures are characters or type that combine two or more letters. The most common are fi, ff, fl, and ffi. When produced properly, they add an elegant touch to typesetting. Their use in computer generated working papers which are then converted to .pdf format can, however, be problematical.

>From the Abstract:

In this paper we use European Community Household Panel (ECHP) data to analyze the determinants of occupational pension coverage outcomes in Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. Pension coverage is modelled as a binary outcome explained by a vector of personal, job and firm specific characteristics. The potential endogeneity of current wage earnings, included in this vector, is ultimately faced within a simultaneous equation framework for limited dependent variables originally proposed by Nelson and Olson (1978). The evidence provided answers to a well recognized demand of pension coverage empirical information for policy purposes, both at national and at European Union (EU) level.

Click on PDF icons at the bottom of the abstract for full text.

D. "The Distribution of Income by Sectors of the Population," by Stephen P. Jenkins (Working Paper 2000-18, May 2000, .pdf format, 32p.).

>From the Abstract:

I interpret the "distribution of income by sectors of the population" to refer to the personal distribution of income, with evidence about it derived from household surveys. Section 1 outlines the links between the personal and factor income distributions, and includes a discussion of research using National Accounts data to check the quality of household survey income data. Section 2 provides a number of breakdowns of the personal income distribution in Britain using a variety of methods and subgroup types (including age, family type, housing tenure, and economic status). Section 3 draws attention to longitudinal issues - how much individuals incomes and subgroup membership changes between one year and the next, and the links between them. Section 4 provides a summary and concluding remarks.... My illustrations refer primarily to the UK experience.

Click on PDF icon at the bottom of the abstract for full text.


IV. Journal Tables of Contents (check your library for availability):

11. Full electronic text of the Journal of Aging and Health (Vol. 12, No. 2, May 2000) is available in the ProQuest Research Library. Check your library for availability of this database.

12. CARL Uncover Journal Tables of Contents. Follow the instructions below to access tables of contents. CARL Uncover provides fee based document delivery services for selected journals.

A. Point your browser to:

B. click on "Search Uncover"
C. click on "Search Uncover Now"
D. Type the Journal Name in the search box and click the radio button "Journal Title Browse"
E. click on the journal name
F. click on "journal issues"
G. click on the issues identified below

Journal of Adult Development (Vol. 7, No. 1, January 2000).


V. Funding Opportunities:

13. NIH NIA: The US National Institutes of Health National Institute on Aging has released a solicitation for Alzheimer's Disease Core Centers. More information, including deadlines, can be found at:


VI. Conferences:

14. ION: Nanobiotechnology, Life Extension, and the Treatment of Congenital and Degenerative Disease, a conference sponsored by the Institute of Nanotechnology to be held November 2-3, 2000, Glasgow, Scotland.


VII. Websites of Interest:

15. CBO STUDIES AND REPORTS, PENSIONS AND SOCIAL SECURITY: The US Congressional Budget Office's mission is "to provide the Congress with the objective, timely, nonpartisan analyses needed for economic and budget decisions and with the information and estimates required for the Congressional budget process." Part of that mission is realized by the reports that the CBO produces on many topics. One of the topical archives at CBO concerns pensions and Social Security. At present eight reports are available on various aspects of the topic. Reports are available in multiple formats. To change formats, simply click on the format of your choice at the top of the page.

Jack Solock
Data Librarian--Center for Demography and Ecology and Center for Demography of Health and Aging
4470 Social Science
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Madison, WI 53706